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ocular response analyzer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050157/-observation-of-clinical-and-electrophysiological-features-in-patients-with-distal-myasthenia-gravis
#1
F Jian, H B Wang, N Chen, S Yang, Y Liu, Y Z Zhao, L Zhang, H Pan, X H Zhang
Objective: To explore the clinical and electrophysiological features and prognosis of distal myasthenia gravis (MG). Methods: Data of MG patients in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from October 2016 to March 2017 were reviewed, including thorough neurological examinations, nerve conduction studies, repetitive nerve stimulations (RNS) and needle electromyographies. Distal MG patients were included and were analyzed as to their clinical and electrophysiological features and response to treatments. Results: Four patients (7...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042748/corneal-biomechanical-properties-after-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-and-photorefractive-keratectomy
#2
Eileen S Hwang, Brian C Stagg, Russell Swan, Carlton R Fenzl, Molly McFadden, Valliammai Muthappan, Luis Santiago-Caban, Mark D Mifflin, Majid Moshirfar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) on corneal biomechanical properties. METHODS: We used the ocular response analyzer to measure corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) before and after refractive surgery. RESULTS: In all, 230 eyes underwent LASIK and 115 eyes underwent PRK without mitomycin C (MMC). Both procedures decreased CH and CRF from baseline...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032108/pregnancy-induced-changes-in-corneal-biomechanics-and-topography-are-thyroid-hormone-related
#3
David Tabibian, Begoña M de Tejada, Zisis Gatzioufas, Sabine Kling, Vanessa S Meiss, Marc-Olivier Boldi, Véronique Othenin-Girard, Antonina Chilin, Julien Lambiel, Florence Hoogewoud, Farhad Hafezi
PURPOSE: To identify biomechanical and topographical changes of the cornea during pregnancy and the postpartum period and its association to hormonal changes. DESIGN: Prospective single-center observational cohort study. METHODS: Participants: 24 pregnant women (48 eyes), monitored throughout pregnancy and after delivery. Biomechanical and topographical corneal properties were measured using the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) and a Scheimpflug imaging system (Pentacam HR) each trimester and 1 month after delivery...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018233/altered-neurovascular-coupling-as-measured-by-optical-imaging-a-biomarker-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Konstantin Kotliar, Christine Hauser, Marion Ortner, Claudia Muggenthaler, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Susanne Angermann, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Christoph Schmaderer, Timo Grimmer
Neurovascular coupling can be directly assessed by retinal vessel response to flickering light using optical imaging methods. The response is altered in a number of ocular and cardiovascular diseases. Whether it is altered in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is investigated. Retinal vessel reaction to monochromatic flicker stimulation was examined by Dynamic Vessel Analyzer independent of the commercial software in elderly subjects: 15 patients with mild-to-moderate dementia due to AD (ADD); 24 patients with mild cognitive impairment due to AD (MCI); 15 cognitively healthy controls (HC)...
October 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980563/-changes-in-biomechanical-properties-of-the-ocular-fibrous-tunic-in-patients-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-in-response-to-drug-induced-stress-relief-tests
#5
N V Makashova, A E Vasilyeva
AIM: To determine the effect of drug-induced stress-relief tests on biomechanical properties of the ocular fibrous tunic in eyes with early, moderate, or advanced primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 202 eyes of 150 patients with POAG of different severity (early, moderate, or advanced) and 36 eyes of 30 healthy controls were examined. The mean patient age was 62±8.2 years. All groups were standardized by age, sex, and the range of corneal-compensated intraocular pressure (IOP) at baseline (21-30 mmHg)...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968300/scleral-lenses-in-the-management-of-corneal-irregularity-and-ocular-surface-disease
#6
Ellen Shorter, Jennifer Harthan, Cherie B Nau, Amy Nau, Joseph T Barr, David O Hodge, Muriel M Schornack
PURPOSE: To describe current practice patterns regarding the use of scleral lens therapy in the management of corneal irregularity and ocular surface disease among eye care providers who fit scleral lenses. METHODS: The Scleral Lenses in Current Ophthalmic Practice: an Evaluation (SCOPE) study group conducted an electronic survey of eye care providers from January 15 to March 31, 2015. Respondents ranked management options for corneal irregularity in the order in which they would generally consider their use...
September 29, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944469/probing-early-motion-processing-with-eye-movements-differences-of-vestibular-migraine-migraine-with-and-without-aura-in-the-attack-free-interval
#7
S Rogalinski, H A Rambold
BACKGROUND: Migraineurs, in between headache attacks, have a different sensitivity to sensory motion stimuli compared to non-migraineurs. METHODS: This cross-sectional laboratory study examines the motion processing in migraineurs using ocular following responses (OFR) elicited by large field random dot patterns and open-loop smooth pursuit eye movements (PS) elicited by a single target moving on a homogenous background. Eye movements were recorded with a video-oculographic system (EyeSeeTec(®) ) and stimuli presented on a CRT at 100 Hz repetition rate to horizontal stimuli of a velocity of 2...
September 25, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932334/corneal-biomechanics-in-ectatic-diseases-refractive-surgery-implications
#8
Renato Ambrósio, Fernando Faria Correia, Bernardo Lopes, Marcella Q Salomão, Allan Luz, Daniel G Dawson, Ahmed Elsheikh, Riccardo Vinciguerra, Paolo Vinciguerra, Cynthia J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Ectasia development occurs due to a chronic corneal biomechanical decompensation or weakness, resulting in stromal thinning and corneal protrusion. This leads to corneal steepening, increase in astigmatism, and irregularity. In corneal refractive surgery, the detection of mild forms of ectasia pre-operatively is essential to avoid post-operative progressive ectasia, which also depends on the impact of the procedure on the cornea. METHOD: The advent of 3D tomography is proven as a significant advancement to further characterize corneal shape beyond front surface topography, which is still relevant...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905850/erratum-a-cross-sectional-study-to-compare-intraocular-pressure-measurement-by-sequential-use-of-goldman-applanation-tonometry-dynamic-contour-tonometry-ocular-response-analyzer-and-corvis-st
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.171956.].
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903153/colony-stimulating-factor-1-receptor-expressing-cells-infiltrating-the-cornea-control-corneal-nerve-degeneration-in-response-to-hsv-1-infection
#10
Ana J Chucair-Elliott, Hem R Gurung, Meghan M Carr, Daniel J J Carr
Purpose: Herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) is a leading cause of neurotrophic keratitis, characterized by decreased or absent corneal sensation due to damage to the sensory corneal innervation. We previously reported the elicited immune response to infection contributes to the mechanism of corneal nerve regression/damage during acute HSV-1 infection. Our aim is to further establish the involvement of infiltrated macrophages in the mechanism of nerve loss upon infection. Methods: Macrophage Fas-Induced Apoptosis (MAFIA) transgenic C57BL/6 mice were systemically treated with AP20187 dimerizer or vehicle (VEH), and their corneas, lymph nodes, and blood were assessed for CD45+CD11b+GFP+ cell depletion by flow cytometry (FC)...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891725/age-related-change-in-corneal-biomechanical-parameters-in-a-healthy-caucasian-population
#11
Ali Riza Cenk Celebi, Ayse Ebru Kilavuzoglu, Ugur Emrah Altiparmak, C Banu Cosar Yurteri
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of aging on corneal biomechanical parameters measured via ocular response analyzer in a homogenous healthy Caucasian population. METHODS: A total of 2039 Caucasian adults were consecutively recruited and divided into seven groups according to decades of age. The difference in mean corneal hysteresis (CH), mean corneal resistance factor (CRF), mean Goldmann-correlated intraocular pressure (IOPg), and mean corneal-compensated IOP (IOPcc) between decades of age were investigated...
September 11, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882632/spatial-specificity-of-the-functional-mri-blood-oxygenation-response-relative-to-neuronal-activity
#12
Denis Chaimow, Essa Yacoub, Kâmil Uğurbil, Amir Shmuel
Previous attempts at characterizing the spatial specificity of the blood oxygenation level dependent functional MRI (BOLD fMRI) response by estimating its point-spread function (PSF) have conventionally relied on retinotopic spatial representations of visual stimuli in area V1. Consequently, their estimates were confounded by the width and scatter of receptive fields of V1 neurons. Here, we circumvent these limits by instead using the inherent cortical spatial organization of ocular dominance columns (ODCs) to determine the PSF for both Gradient Echo (GE) and Spin Echo (SE) BOLD imaging at 7 Tesla...
September 5, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882529/proteomic-features-of-delayed-ocular-symptoms-caused-by-exposure-to-sulfur-mustard-as-studied-by-protein-profiling-of-corneal-epithelium
#13
Maryam Pajoohesh, Mostafa Naderi, Hossein Naderi-Manesh
Exposure to mustard gas can lead to variations in the proteome of corneal epithelium cells and after a latency period produces delayed symptoms in the eyes of chemical victims. Hence, a comparative proteome analysis was conducted between the corneal epithelial cells of chemical victims from Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988) and healthy donors. To this end, corneal epithelium samples from victims and healthy individuals were collected, and the proteome of these samples were prepared for two-dimensional electrophoresis and the analysis of spots by statistical software...
September 5, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863943/the-effect-of-testing-reliability-on-visual-field-sensitivity-in-normal-eyes-the-singapore-chinese-eye-study
#14
Nicholas Y Q Tan, Yih-Chung Tham, Victor Koh, Duc Quang Nguyen, Carol Y Cheung, Tin Aung, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
PURPOSE: To quantitatively determine how the reliability indices in standard automated perimetry (SAP) affect the global indices of visual field (VF) results in nonglaucomatous eyes. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 830 adults aged 40 to 80 years, without visual impairment, glaucoma, significant cataract, and major eye diseases, were selected from the population-based Singapore Chinese Eye Study (SCES)...
August 29, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861351/efficacy-and-safety-of-bimatoprost-in-glaucoma-and-ocular-hypertension-in-non-responder-patients
#15
Nicholas Brennan, Mohammad H Dehabadi, Sandhya Nair, Ana Quartilho, Catey Bunce, Ian Reekie, Raal Obikpo
AIM: To establish the efficacy and safety of bimatoprost 0.03% monotherapy in glaucoma and ocular hypertension (OHT) patients with inadequate intraocular pressure (IOP)on current therapy. METHODS: Pre- and post-switch IOPs were analyzed for 59 consecutive patients who were switched from current therapy to bimatoprost monotherapy between 2011-2015. Demographic information, diagnosis, and any adverse events were recorded. Change in IOP post-pre switch was analyzed using a 2-sided Student's paired t-test at the 5% significance level...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858005/preinflammatory-signs-in-established-reusable-and-disposable-contact-lens-wearers
#16
Cecilia Chao, Fiona Stapleton, Mark D P Willcox, Blanka Golebiowski, Kathryn Richdale
SIGNIFICANCE: Established reusable contact lens (CL) wearers show higher tear inflammatory cytokine concentrations and greater conjunctival metaplasia in the region covered by standard soft CLs. The balance of proinflammatory to anti-inflammatory cytokines, but not individual tear cytokine concentrations, was associated with self-reported CL discomfort. PURPOSE: Daily disposable (DD) lenses are often used to improve CL discomfort, but the effect on ocular inflammatory responses has not been fully investigated...
August 29, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845363/new-methods-for-quantification-of-visual-photosensitivity-threshold-and-symptoms
#17
Jennifer D Verriotto, Alex Gonzalez, Mariela C Aguilar, Jean-Marie A Parel, William J Feuer, Andrew R Smith, Byron L Lam
PURPOSE: Visual photosensitivity is a common symptom difficult to measure and diagnose, and is found in many ocular and neurological disorders. We developed two novel reproducible quantitative assessments of visual photosensitivity. METHODS: We designed and built the ocular photosensitivity analyzer (OPA), an automated instrument to determine light intensity visual photosensitivity threshold (VPT), and developed the Visual Light Sensitivity Questionnaire-8 (VLSQ-8), an eight-question survey to assess the presence and severity of photosensitivity symptoms...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829391/a-rare-form-of-retinal-dystrophy-caused-by-hypomorphic-nonsense-mutations-in-cep290
#18
Susanne Roosing, Frans P M Cremers, Frans C C Riemslag, Marijke N Zonneveld-Vrieling, Herman E Talsma, Francoise J M Klessens-Godfroy, Anneke I den Hollander, L Ingeborgh van den Born
PURPOSE: To identify the gene defect and to study the clinical characteristics and natural course of disease in a family originally diagnosed with oligocone trichromacy (OT), a rare congenital cone dysfunction syndrome. METHODS: Extensive clinical and ophthalmologic assessment was performed on two siblings with OT and long-term follow up data were analyzed. Subsequently, whole exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequence analysis of CEP290 was performed in the two siblings...
August 22, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782513/the-effect-of-age-on-the-response-of-retinal-capillary-filling-to-changes-in-intraocular-pressure-measured-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#19
Xiaoyun Jiang, Elaine Johnson, William Cepurna, Diana Lozano, Shaojie Men, Ruikang K Wang, John Morrison
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) on retinal capillary filling in elderly vs adult rats using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: The IOP of elderly (24-month-old, N=12) and adult (6-8month-old, N=10) Brown Norway rats was elevated in 10mmHg increments from 10 to 100mmHg. At each IOP level, 3D OCT data were captured using an optical microangiography (OMAG) scanning protocol and then post-processed to obtain both structural and vascular images...
August 3, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763557/c2orf71-mutations-as-a-frequent-cause-of-autosomal-recessive-retinitis-pigmentosa-clinical-analysis-and-presentation-of-8-novel-mutations
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Christina Gerth-Kahlert, Amit Tiwari, James V M Hanson, Vaishnavi Batmanabane, Elias Traboulsi, Mark E Pennesi, Abdullah A Al-Qahtani, Byron L Lam, John Heckenlively, Sandrine A Zweifel, Ajoy Vincent, Fabienne Fierz, Daniel Barthelmes, Kari Branham, Naheed Khan, Angela Bahr, Luzy Baehr, István Magyar, Samuel Koller, Silvia Azzarello-Burri, Dunja Niedrist, Elise Heon, Wolfgang Berger
Purpose: To define the phenotype of C2orf71 associated retinopathy and to present novel mutations in this gene. Methods: A retrospective multicenter study of patients with retinopathy and identified C2orf71 mutations was performed. Ocular function (visual acuity, visual fields, electroretinogram [ERG] responses); retinal morphology (fundus, optical coherence tomography); and underlying mutations were analyzed. Results: Thirteen patients from 11 families, who were aged 7 to 63 years (mean: 32...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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