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belin cornea

Lauren Marie Imbornoni, Charles Ninian John McGhee, Michael Wellington Belin
This review describes the evolution of the diagnosis and treatment of keratoconus from the earliest written description to present day. The first description was provided in 1736 by Benedict Duddell who described the prominent corneas of a fourteen-year-old boy. Throughout the 19th century, a variety of surgical procedures were proposed to manage the disease, such as surgically repositioning the pupil away from the cone, iris incarceration to produce a slit-like pupil, cauterization of the cone to produce a scar, and full thickness elliptical excision of the cone...
April 26, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Ka Wai Kam, Timothy A Kuan, Michael W Belin, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term changes in mean keratometry, astigmatism, true net power (TNP), and total corneal refractive power (TCRP) of corneas after primary pterygium excision. METHODS: This is a prospective observational series conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital eye center in Hong Kong. A total of 31 eyes of 31 patients with primary pterygium excision were included. Patients with recurrent or double-headed pterygia or a history of corneal scars from previous trauma, infection, or surgery were excluded...
November 2017: Cornea
Rohit Shetty, Harsha Rao, Pooja Khamar, Kanchan Sainani, Krishnapoojita Vunnava, Chaitra Jayadev, Luci Kaweri
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic ability of 3 Scheimpflug devices in differentiating normal from ectatic corneas. DESIGN: Comparison of diagnostic instrument accuracy. METHODS: This study included 42 normal, 37 subclinical keratoconic, and 51 keratoconic eyes seen in a tertiary eye care institute. Keratoconus screening indices were evaluated using the Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany), Galilei (Ziemer, Biel, Switzerland), and Sirius (Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici, Florence, Italy)...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Renato Ambrósio, Bernardo T Lopes, Fernando Faria-Correia, Marcella Q Salomão, Jens Bühren, Cynthia J Roberts, Ahmed Elsheikh, Riccardo Vinciguerra, Paolo Vinciguerra
PURPOSE: To present the Tomographic and Biomechanical Index (TBI), which combines Scheimpflugbased corneal tomography and biomechanics for enhancing ectasia detection. METHODS: Patients from different continents were retrospectively studied. The normal group included 1 eye randomly selected from 480 patients with normal corneas and the keratoconus group included 1 eye randomly selected from 204 patients with keratoconus. There were two groups: 72 ectatic eyes with no surgery from 94 patients with very asymmetric ectasia (VAE-E group) and the fellow eyes of these patients with normal topography (VAE-NT group)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Leyla Asena, Dilek D Altınörs, Şefik Cezairlioğlu, Sefer Ogün Bölük
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of dry eye on Scheimpflug imaging of the cornea and elevation data. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Scheimpflug images of 50 patients with dry eye who were being tested for eligibility for corneal refractive surgery were screened. Twelve eyes of 12 patients with abnormal Belin/Ambrosio enhanced ectasia display (BAD) anterior elevation difference were included in the study. The patients had no history of contact lens wear or any other sign of ectasia...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Yingxin Chen, Minghong Gao, Joshua K Duncan, Di Ran, Denise J Roe, Michael W Belin, Mingwu Wang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a novel surgical intervention, excisional keratectomy combined with focal cryotherapy and amniotic membrane inlay (EKCAI), for the treatment of recalcitrant filamentary fungal keratitis. A retrospective analysis was performed of patients who underwent excisional keratectomy combined with conjunctival flap inlay (EKCFI), EKCAI or therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty (TPK) from January 2006 to January 2011. Recalcitrance was determined as being unresponsive to standard medical antifungal therapy for at ≥1 week...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Allan Luz, Bernardo Lopes, Katie M Hallahan, Bruno Valbon, Isaac Ramos, Fernando Faria-Correia, Paulo Schor, William J Dupps, Renato Ambrósio
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) (Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments, Depew, NY) variables and Pentacam HR (Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany) tomographic parameters in differentiating forme fruste keratoconus (FFKC) from normal corneas, and to assess a combined biomechanical and tomographic parameter to improve outcomes. METHODS: Seventy-six eyes of 76 normal patients and 21 eyes of 21 patients with FFKC were included in the study...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Allan Luz, Bernardo Lopes, Marcela Salomão, Renato Ambrósio
Ectasia after refractive surgery represents a major concern among refractive surgeons. Corneal abnormalities and preexisting corneal ectasia are the most important risk factors. Corneal topography and central corneal thickness are the factors traditionally screening for in refractive surgery candidates. Study of the anterior surface by Placido topography allows for identification of keratoconus before biomicroscopy. However, this is insufficient for the evaluation of pre-operative refractive surgery. There are cases of ectasia after laser in situ keratomilusis (LASIK) without identifiable risk factors such that there is a need to go beyond the corneal surface...
May 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Minghong Gao, Wei Sang, Fuying Liu, Hai Yu, Runhai Zhou, Michael Wellington Belin, Peter Zloty, Yingxin Chen
Purpose. To evaluate aqueous humor MMP-9 levels in alkali-burned rabbit cornea following KPr implantation and their roles in RPMs formation. Methods. Left eyes of 36 rabbits received a deep corneal alkali wound. 12 corneas were implanted with KPro and the other 24 control corneas were either penetrating keratoplasty or left without keratoplasty. Aqueous humor MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels were determined and RPMs were obtained for histopathological and ultrastructural examination. Results. Alkali exposure induced significant increase in aqueous humor MMP-9 level and the data were further enhanced by KPro implantation...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
M W Belin, J K Duncan
PURPOSE: To propose a new keratoconus classification/staging system that utilises current tomographic data and better reflects the anatomical and functional changes seen in keratoconus. METHOD: A previously published normative database was reanalysed to generate both anterior and posterior average radii of curvature (ARC and PRC) taken from a 3.0 mm optical zone centred on the thinnest point of the cornea. Mean and standard deviations were recorded and anterior data were compared to the existing Amsler-Krumeich (AK) Classification...
June 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Michael W Belin, Jose L Güell, Günther Grabner
PURPOSE: To propose a series of standardized guidelines for reporting keratoprosthesis (KPRO) results. METHODS: At the most recent KPRO Study Group Meeting (Barcelona, 2015), representatives of the 4 multinational corneal societies (Cornea Society, Asia Cornea Society, EuCornea, and PanCornea) and the KPRO Study Group agreed to propose consistent terminology for reporting KPRO results, especially in describing the length of follow-up and in the description of the KPRO itself...
February 2016: Cornea
Matthew T Feng, Joan T Kim, Renato Ambrósio, Michael W Belin, Satinder P S Grewal, Wang Yan, Mohamed Shafik Shaheen, Charlotte A Jordan, Charles McGhee, Naoyuki Maeda, Tobias H Neuhann, H Burkhard Dick, Andreas Steinmueller
PURPOSE: In corneal refractive surgery, postoperative ectasia risk assessment routinely includes pachymetric analysis at the apex and thinnest point. We examined whether these data differ worldwide and constructed preliminary country-specific normative thresholds. DESIGN: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Using the Pentacam Eye Scanner (OCULUS GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany), we examined 1 randomly selected eye from each of 555 normal adults (8 countries, 6 continents), measuring the thinnest point location, central pachymetry (thinnest point, pupillary center, and apex), and the apex-thinnest point difference...
January 2012: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Yingxin Chen, Weijia Yang, Minghong Gao, Michael Wellington Belin, Hai Yu, Jing Yu
BACKGROUND: Fungal corneal ulcer is one of the major causes of visual impairment worldwide. Treatment of fungal corneal ulcer mainly depends on anti-fungal agents. In the current study, we developed an integrated combination therapy of cryotherapy and anti-fungal agents to facilitate effective treatment of fungal corneal ulcer. METHODS: Rabbit models of cornea infection were established using a combined method of intrastromal injection and keratoplasty. After treatment with cryotherapy and anti-fungal agents, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and confocal microscopy were conducted to observe changes in microstructure in the rabbits...
2015: BMC Ophthalmology
Faik Orucoglu, Ebru Toker
Purpose. To assess and compare the anterior and posterior corneal surface parameters, keratoconus indices, thickness profile data, and data from enhanced elevation maps of keratoconic and normal corneas with the Pentacam Scheimpflug corneal tomography and to determine the sensitivity and specificity of these parameters in discriminating keratoconus from normal eyes. Methods. The study included 656 keratoconus eyes and 515 healthy eyes with a mean age of 30.95 ± 9.25 and 32.90 ± 14.78 years, respectively. Forty parameters obtained from the Pentacam tomography were assessed by the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for their efficiency...
2015: Journal of Ophthalmology
Ka Wai Kam, Michael W Belin, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: Corneal densitometry is an inherent feature of the Pentacam device. We aim to assess the changes in corneal scar density with serial Scheimpflug images following primary pterygium excision with topical application of mitomycin-C. METHODS: We recruited patients who underwent primary, single-headed pterygium excision with topical adjuvant mitomycin-C. Scheimpflug images were taken at postoperative weeks 1, 4, and 12, and all patients received topical corticosteroid and antibiotic treatment for at least 4 weeks postoperatively...
May 2015: Cornea
Yingxin Chen, Congling Liao, Minghong Gao, Michael Wellington Belin, Mingwu Wang, Hai Yu, Jing Yu
Purpose. To assess the efficacy and safety of corneal transplantation using corneas from foreign donors. Methods. One hundred and eight patients needing therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty were randomly divided into 2 groups (54 cases/group): foreign group using foreign donor corneas and domestic group using domestic donor corneas. Clinical outcome and incidence of postoperative complications were compared between groups. Results. No significant difference with respect to the therapeutic outcome and postoperative Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) and neovascularization by final follow-up was observed between the two groups...
2015: Journal of Ophthalmology
Michael W Belin, Ovette F Villavicencio, Renato R Ambrósio
Tomographic corneal evaluation has added significantly more information in the evaluation of the ectatic cornea. Additional information from the posterior cornea and a full corneal thickness map in addition to anterior corneal analysis has increased the ability to identify early and subtle corneal changes. Although these newer examination modalities have increased our sensitivity in refractive screening, problems still persist when attempting to assure treatment trials (such as collagen cross-linking) for early disease are performed to an appropriate patient population...
November 2014: Eye & Contact Lens
Divya Srikumaran, Beatriz Munoz, Anthony J Aldave, James V Aquavella, Sadeer B Hannush, Robert Schultze, Michael Belin, Esen Karamursel Akpek
PURPOSE: To study the long-term outcomes of Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (KPro) surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 158 eyes of 150 patients underwent KPro implantation at 5 participating tertiary centers in the United States between January 2003 and December 2006. Of those, 139 eyes of 133 patients were included in the analyses. METHODS: The medical records of consecutive adult patients who received KPro surgery were reviewed...
November 2014: Ophthalmology
Michael W Belin, Renato Ambrósio
Scheimpflug cross-sectioning anterior segment imaging offers significant advantages over traditional placido based curvature analysis and ultrasound pachymetry. The accurate measurement of both the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces and the anterior and posterior lens allows for the creation of a three-dimensional reconstruction of the anterior segment. Changes on both the posterior cornea and/or corneal thickness map are earlier indicators of ectatic change than would otherwise be identifiable with only anterior curvature and ultrasonic pachymetry...
August 2013: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Joseph B Ciolino, Michael W Belin, Amit Todani, Khalid Al-Arfaj, Christopher J Rudnisky
OBJECTIVE: To report the retention rate of the Boston keratoprosthesis type 1 and to identify risk factors for keratoprosthesis loss. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 300 eyes of 300 patients who underwent implantation of the Boston keratoprosthesis type I device between January 2003 and July 2008 by 19 surgeons at 18 medical centers. METHODS: Forms reporting preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative parameters were prospectively collected and subsequently analyzed at a central data collection site...
June 2013: Ophthalmology
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