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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239677/effects-of-kinect-adventures-games-versus-conventional-physical-therapy-on-postural-control-in-elderly-people-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jéssica Maria Ribeiro Bacha, Gisele Cristine Vieira Gomes, Tatiana Beline de Freitas, Larissa Alamino Pereira Viveiro, Keyte Guedes da Silva, Géssika Costa Bueno, Eliana Maria Varise, Camila Torriani-Pasin, Angélica Castilho Alonso, Natalia Mariana Silva Luna, Júlia Maria D'Andrea Greve, José Eduardo Pompeu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of Kinect Adventures games versus conventional physiotherapy to improve postural control (PC), gait, cardiorespiratory fitness, and cognition of the elderly. In addition, we evaluated the safety, acceptability, and adherence to the interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized clinical trial in which 46 elderly individuals were selected, mean age 69.3 (5.34) years. Participants were allocated to the Kinect Adventures Training Group (KATG) or the Conventional Physical Therapy Group (CPTG), 23 individuals in each group...
December 14, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227513/in-vivo-early-corneal-biomechanical-changes-after-corneal-cross-linking-in-patients-with-progressive-keratoconus
#2
Riccardo Vinciguerra, Vito Romano, Esmaeil M Arbabi, Matthias Brunner, Colin E Willoughby, Mark Batterbury, Stephen B Kaye
PURPOSE: To report early corneal biomechanical changes after corneal cross-linking (CXL) in patients with keratoconus. METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients undergoing CXL for progressive keratoconus were included in this prospective clinical study. Dynamic corneal response (DCR) parameters obtained with the Corvis ST (OCULUS Optikgeräte GmbH; Wetzlar, Germany) were assessed at baseline (day of CXL) and after 1 month of follow-up; conversely, corneal tomography with the Pentacam (OCULUS Optikgeräte GmbH) was assessed at baseline and at 1, 3, and 6 months after CXL...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225912/effects-of-virtual-rehabilitation-versus-conventional-physical-therapy-on-postural-control-gait-and-cognition-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#3
Keyte Guedes Silva, Tatiana Beline De Freitas, Flávia Doná, Fernando Freitas Ganança, Henrique Ballalai Ferraz, Camila Torriani-Pasin, José Eduardo Pompeu
Background: There is an association among postural instability, gait dysfunction, and cognitive impairment in subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). Difficulty in dividing attention, response inhibition, and visuospatial attention deficiencies may contribute to the impairment of motor performance during daily activities. There are strong evidences that physical therapy can prevent physical and cognitive decline in individuals with PD. Recently, the European Physiotherapy Guideline (EPG) was developed based on randomized clinical trials about the effectiveness of the physical therapy to improve the functional deficiencies of individuals with PD...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224092/sex-differences-in-leptin-control-of-cardiovascular-function-in-health-and-metabolic-diseases
#4
Eric J Belin de Chantemèle
Leptin, the adipocyte-derived hormone identified in 1994 for its major role in the control of satiety and body weight regulation, is an adipokine secreted in a sex-specific manner. Although it has clearly been established that females secrete three to four times more leptin than males and that this sexual dimorphism in leptin secretion is exacerbated with overweight and obesity, the origin and the physiological consequences of this sexual dimorphism remain ill-defined. The adipose tissue is the major site of leptin secretion; however, leptin receptors are ubiquitously expressed, conferring to leptin, and indirectly to the adipose tissue, a potential role in the control of numerous physiological functions...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211860/changes-in-the-epigenome-and-transcriptome-of-the-poplar-shoot-apical-meristem-in-response-to-water-availability-affect-preferentially-hormone-pathways
#5
Clément Lafon-Placette, Anne-Laure Le Gac, Didier Chauveau, Vincent Segura, Alain Delaunay, Marie-Claude Lesage-Descauses, Irène Hummel, David Cohen, Béline Jesson, Didier Le Thiec, Marie-Béatrice Bogeat-Triboulot, Franck Brignolas, Stéphane Maury
The adaptive capacity of long-lived organisms such as trees to the predicted climate changes, including severe and successive drought episodes, will depend on the presence of genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity. Here, the involvement of epigenetic mechanisms in phenotypic plasticity toward soil water availability was examined in Populus×euramericana. This work aimed at characterizing (i) the transcriptome plasticity, (ii) the genome-wide plasticity of DNA methylation, and (iii) the function of genes affected by a drought-rewatering cycle in the shoot apical meristem...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209171/influence-of-mechanical-stimuli-on-schwann-cell-biology
#6
REVIEW
Sophie Belin, Kristen L Zuloaga, Yannick Poitelon
Schwann cells are the glial cells of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). They insulate axons by forming a specialized extension of plasma membrane called the myelin sheath. The formation of myelin is essential for the rapid saltatory propagation of action potentials and to maintain the integrity of axons. Although both axonal and extracellular matrix (ECM) signals are necessary for myelination to occur, the cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating myelination continue to be elucidated. Schwann cells in peripheral nerves are physiologically exposed to mechanical stresses (i...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202412/treatment-of-swine-wastewater-in-continuous-activated-sludge-systems-under-different-dissolved-oxygen-conditions-reactor-operation-and-evaluation-using-modelling
#7
Miyoko Waki, Tomoko Yasuda, Yasuyuki Fukumoto, Fabrice Béline, Albert Magrí
Swine wastewater was treated in two continuously aerated activated sludge (AS) systems at high (AS1: 1.7-2.6 mg/L) and low (AS2: 0.04-0.08 mg/L) dissolved oxygen (DO), and at three temperatures (10, 20, and 30 °C). Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) removal was >94.8%. Meanwhile, total nitrogen (N) removal was significantly higher in AS2, at 64, 89, and 88%, than in AS1, at 12, 24, and 46%, for 10, 20, and 30 °C, respectively. The experimental data were considered in a simulation study using an AS model for BOD and N removal, which also included nitrite, free ammonia, free nitrous acid, and temperature...
November 26, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187087/heart-transplantation-as-last-resort-treatment-for-relapsing-polychondritis-with-severe-cardiac-involvement
#8
Laurent Dormoy, Annette Belin, Fabien Labombarda
Relapsing polychondritis is a rare multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by recurrent inflammation and destruction of different cartilaginous and proteoglycan-rich structures like cardiovascular system. We reported a case of heart transplantation in a 20-year-old man having a relapsing polychondritis with severe multiple cardiovascular involvement. The immunosuppressive treatment used to prevent graft rejection allowed to turn out the inflammatory disease. Cardiac transplantation may be considered as last resort treatment option in relapsing polychondritis with intractable extensive heart lesions...
September 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183178/health-providers-communication-skills-training-affects-hypertension-outcomes
#9
Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly Sany, Nooshin Peyman, Fatemeh Behzhad, Habibollah Esmaeily, Ali Taghipoor, Gordon Ferns
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is a common cardiovascular risk factor within the Iranian population, and this may be improved through changes in lifestyle. We aimed at improving hypertension outcomes and health literacy skills among hypertensive patients through communication skills training targeting health providers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial method was used to enroll 35 health providers and 240 hypertensive patients attending community-based healthcare practices in the Mashhad, Iran...
November 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172740/the-choroid-plexus-harbors-a-circadian-oscillator-modulated-by-estrogens
#10
Telma Quintela, Tânia Albuquerque, Gabriella Lundkvist, Andrea Carmine Belin, Daniela Talhada, Isabel Gonçalves, Eva Carro, Cecília R A Santos
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus is considered the master circadian oscillator in mammals. However, extra-SCN structures in the brain also display daily rhythms. Recently, we have demonstrated that the choroid plexus (CP) expresses core clock genes that are subjected to circadian regulation in a sex-dependent manner. By using CP explants cultured from female knock-in mice carrying the Period-luciferase transgene, we show that CP exhibits endogenous circadian rhythms of PERIOD2::LUCIFERASE expression...
November 27, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158377/evidence-for-rrna-2-o-methylation-plasticity-control-of-intrinsic-translational-capabilities-of-human-ribosomes
#11
Jenny Erales, Virginie Marchand, Baptiste Panthu, Sandra Gillot, Stéphane Belin, Sandra E Ghayad, Maxime Garcia, Florian Laforêts, Virginie Marcel, Agnès Baudin-Baillieu, Pierre Bertin, Yohann Couté, Annie Adrait, Mélanie Meyer, Gabriel Therizols, Marat Yusupov, Olivier Namy, Théophile Ohlmann, Yuri Motorin, Frédéric Catez, Jean-Jacques Diaz
Ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) are main effectors of messenger RNA (mRNA) decoding, peptide-bond formation, and ribosome dynamics during translation. Ribose 2'-O-methylation (2'-O-Me) is the most abundant rRNA chemical modification, and displays a complex pattern in rRNA. 2'-O-Me was shown to be essential for accurate and efficient protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells. However, whether rRNA 2'-O-Me is an adjustable feature of the human ribosome and a means of regulating ribosome function remains to be determined. Here we challenged rRNA 2'-O-Me globally by inhibiting the rRNA methyl-transferase fibrillarin in human cells...
December 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154223/mitochondrial-f1-atpase-extends-glycolysis-and-ph-decline-in-an-in-vitro-model
#12
Sulaiman K Matarneh, Mariane Beline, Saulo de Luz E Silva, Hao Shi, David E Gerrard
The experiment was conducted to identify the mitochondrial protein responsible for enhancing glycolytic flux. We hypothesized that mitochondrial F1-ATPase promotes ATP hydrolysis and thereby the flux through glycolysis. Porcine longissimus muscle mitochondria were incorporated into an in vitro system designed to recapitulate postmortem glycolysis with or without Na-azide to specifically inhibit the β-subunit of mitochondrial F1-ATPase that catalyzes ATP hydrolysis. Addition of mitochondria enhanced ATP hydrolysis, glycogen degradation, lactate accumulation, and pH decline in the in vitro system...
November 7, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135585/the-regulation-of-aldosterone-secretion-by-leptin-implications-in-obesity-related-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Jessica L Faulkner, Thiago Bruder-Nascimento, Eric J Belin de Chantemèle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although it has been known for some time that increases in body mass enhance aldosterone secretion, particularly in women, the origin of this elevation in aldosterone production is not well defined. Adipocyte-derived factors have emerged as potential candidates to increase aldosterone production in obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging evidence suggests the presence of a mechanistic link in which the adipocyte-derived hormone leptin stimulates aldosterone production in obesity, thereby creating a positive feedback loop for obesity-associated cardiovascular disease...
November 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133358/sex-differences-in-mechanisms-of-hypertension-associated-with-obesity
#14
REVIEW
Jessica L Faulkner, Eric J Belin de Chantemèle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089009/comparative-effectiveness-of-two-models-of-depression-services-quality-improvement-in-health-and-community-sectors
#15
Cathy D Sherbourne, Wayne Aoki, Thomas R Belin, Elizabeth Bromley, Bowen Chung, Elizabeth Dixon, James M Gilmore, Megan Dwight Johnson, Felica Jones, Paul Koegel, Dmitry Khodyakov, Craig M Landry, Elizabeth Lizaola, Norma Mtume, Victoria K Ngo, Michael K Ong, Judith Perlman, Esmeralda Pulido, Vivian Sauer, Lingqi Tang, Yolanda Whittington, Ed Vidaurri, Pluscedia Williams, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Lily Zhang, Jeanne Miranda, Loretta Jones, Kenneth Wells
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of community coalition building and program technical assistance was compared in implementation of collaborative care for depression among health care and community sector clients. METHODS: In under-resourced communities, within 93 programs randomly assigned to coalition building (Community Engagement and Planning) or program technical assistance (Resources for Services) models, 1,018 clients completed surveys at baseline and at six, 12, or 36 months...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023462/the-sound-of-trustworthiness-acoustic-based-modulation-of-perceived-voice-personality
#16
Pascal Belin, Bibi Boehme, Phil McAleer
When we hear a new voice we automatically form a "first impression" of the voice owner's personality; a single word is sufficient to yield ratings highly consistent across listeners. Past studies have shown correlations between personality ratings and acoustical parameters of voice, suggesting a potential acoustical basis for voice personality impressions, but its nature and extent remain unclear. Here we used data-driven voice computational modelling to investigate the link between acoustics and perceived trustworthiness in the single word "hello"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938377/long-term-stability-of-keratometry-scheimpflug-derived-true-net-power-and-total-corneal-refractive-power-after-primary-pterygium-excision
#17
Ka Wai Kam, Timothy A Kuan, Michael W Belin, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term changes in mean keratometry, astigmatism, true net power (TNP), and total corneal refractive power (TCRP) of corneas after primary pterygium excision. METHODS: This is a prospective observational series conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital eye center in Hong Kong. A total of 31 eyes of 31 patients with primary pterygium excision were included. Patients with recurrent or double-headed pterygia or a history of corneal scars from previous trauma, infection, or surgery were excluded...
September 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914623/prevalence-and-prognosis-impact-of-patient-ventilator-asynchrony-in-early-phase-of-weaning-according-to-two-detection-methods
#18
Camille Rolland-Debord, Côme Bureau, Tymothee Poitou, Lisa Belin, Marc Clavel, Sébastien Perbet, Nicolas Terzi, Achille Kouatchet, Thomas Similowski, Alexandre Demoule
BACKGROUND: Patient-ventilator asynchrony is associated with a poorer outcome. The prevalence and severity of asynchrony during the early phase of weaning has never been specifically described. The authors' first aim was to evaluate the prognosis impact and the factors associated with asynchrony. Their second aim was to compare the prevalence of asynchrony according to two methods of detection: a visual inspection of signals and a computerized method integrating electromyographic activity of the diaphragm...
December 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912437/voice-selectivity-in-the-temporal-voice-area-despite-matched-low-level-acoustic-cues
#19
Trevor R Agus, Sébastien Paquette, Clara Suied, Daniel Pressnitzer, Pascal Belin
In human listeners, the temporal voice areas (TVAs) are regions of the superior temporal gyrus and sulcus that respond more to vocal sounds than a range of nonvocal control sounds, including scrambled voices, environmental noises, and animal cries. One interpretation of the TVA's selectivity is based on low-level acoustic cues: compared to control sounds, vocal sounds may have stronger harmonic content or greater spectrotemporal complexity. Here, we show that the right TVA remains selective to the human voice even when accounting for a variety of acoustical cues...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906127/cluster-headache-clinical-pattern-and-a-new-severity-scale-in-a-swedish-cohort
#20
Anna Steinberg, Carmen Fourier, Caroline Ran, Elisabet Waldenlind, Christina Sjöstrand, Andrea Carmine Belin
Background The aim of this study was to investigate clinical features of a cluster headache cohort in Sweden and to construct and test a new scale for grading severity. Methods Subjects were identified by screening medical records for the ICD 10 code G44.0, that is, cluster headache. Five hundred participating research subjects filled in a questionnaire including personal, demographic and medical aspects. We constructed a novel scale for grading cluster headache in this cohort: The Cluster Headache Severity Scale, which included number of attacks per day, attack and period duration...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
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