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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023462/the-sound-of-trustworthiness-acoustic-based-modulation-of-perceived-voice-personality
#1
Pascal Belin, Bibi Boehme, Phil McAleer
When we hear a new voice we automatically form a "first impression" of the voice owner's personality; a single word is sufficient to yield ratings highly consistent across listeners. Past studies have shown correlations between personality ratings and acoustical parameters of voice, suggesting a potential acoustical basis for voice personality impressions, but its nature and extent remain unclear. Here we used data-driven voice computational modelling to investigate the link between acoustics and perceived trustworthiness in the single word "hello"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938377/long-term-stability-of-keratometry-scheimpflug-derived-true-net-power-and-total-corneal-refractive-power-after-primary-pterygium-excision
#2
Ka Wai Kam, Timothy A Kuan, Michael W Belin, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term changes in mean keratometry, astigmatism, true net power (TNP), and total corneal refractive power (TCRP) of corneas after primary pterygium excision. METHODS: This is a prospective observational series conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital eye center in Hong Kong. A total of 31 eyes of 31 patients with primary pterygium excision were included. Patients with recurrent or double-headed pterygia or a history of corneal scars from previous trauma, infection, or surgery were excluded...
September 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914623/prevalence-and-prognosis-impact-of-patient-ventilator-asynchrony-in-early-phase-of-weaning-according-to-two-detection-methods
#3
Camille Rolland-Debord, Côme Bureau, Tymothee Poitou, Lisa Belin, Marc Clavel, Sébastien Perbet, Nicolas Terzi, Achille Kouatchet, Thomas Similowski, Alexandre Demoule
BACKGROUND: Patient-ventilator asynchrony is associated with a poorer outcome. The prevalence and severity of asynchrony during the early phase of weaning has never been specifically described. The authors' first aim was to evaluate the prognosis impact and the factors associated with asynchrony. Their second aim was to compare the prevalence of asynchrony according to two methods of detection: a visual inspection of signals and a computerized method integrating electromyographic activity of the diaphragm...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912437/voice-selectivity-in-the-temporal-voice-area-despite-matched-low-level-acoustic-cues
#4
Trevor R Agus, Sébastien Paquette, Clara Suied, Daniel Pressnitzer, Pascal Belin
In human listeners, the temporal voice areas (TVAs) are regions of the superior temporal gyrus and sulcus that respond more to vocal sounds than a range of nonvocal control sounds, including scrambled voices, environmental noises, and animal cries. One interpretation of the TVA's selectivity is based on low-level acoustic cues: compared to control sounds, vocal sounds may have stronger harmonic content or greater spectrotemporal complexity. Here, we show that the right TVA remains selective to the human voice even when accounting for a variety of acoustical cues...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906127/cluster-headache-clinical-pattern-and-a-new-severity-scale-in-a-swedish-cohort
#5
Anna Steinberg, Carmen Fourier, Caroline Ran, Elisabet Waldenlind, Christina Sjöstrand, Andrea Carmine Belin
Background The aim of this study was to investigate clinical features of a cluster headache cohort in Sweden and to construct and test a new scale for grading severity. Methods Subjects were identified by screening medical records for the ICD 10 code G44.0, that is, cluster headache. Five hundred participating research subjects filled in a questionnaire including personal, demographic and medical aspects. We constructed a novel scale for grading cluster headache in this cohort: The Cluster Headache Severity Scale, which included number of attacks per day, attack and period duration...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887899/the-anterior-insula-bidirectionally-modulates-cost-benefit-decision-making-on-a-rodent-gambling-task
#6
M L Daniel, P J Cocker, J Lacoste, A C Mar, J L Houeto, A Belin-Rauscent, D Belin
Deficits in cost-benefit decision making, as assessed in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), are commonly observed in neuropsychiatric disorders such as addiction. There is considerable variation in the maximisation of rewards on such tasks, both in the general population and in rodent models, suggesting individual differences in decision making may represent a key endophenotype for vulnerability to neuropsychiatric disorders. Increasing evidence suggests that the insular cortex, which is involved in interoception and emotional processes in humans, may be a key neural locus in the control of decision making processes...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880339/comparison-of-corneal-dynamic-and-tomographic-analysis-in-normal-forme-fruste-keratoconic-and-keratoconic-eyes
#7
Yu Meng Wang, Tommy C Y Chan, Marco Yu, Vishal Jhanji
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the diagnostic ability of corneal tomography and dynamic corneal response to differentiate between normal eyes and those with forme fruste keratoconus and keratoconus. METHODS: Corneal tomography was performed using Pentacam (Pentacam HR; Oculus Optikgeräte, Wetzlar, Germany). Corneal deformation response was captured via Corvis ST (Optikgeräte) using a beta version of Corvis software. Classification analysis between normal eyes and eyes with forme fruste keratoconus and between normal and keratoconic eyes was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curves...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868176/passive-smoking-also-affects-recovery-from-anaesthesia
#8
COMMENT
Ömer Lütfi Erhan, Abdurrahman İleri, Oğuz Kağan Bulut, Ayşe Belin Özer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851447/cognitive-and-imaging-markers-in-non-demented-subjects-attending-a-memory-clinic-study-design-and-baseline-findings-of-the-memento-cohort
#9
Carole Dufouil, Bruno Dubois, Bruno Vellas, Florence Pasquier, Frédéric Blanc, Jacques Hugon, Olivier Hanon, Jean-François Dartigues, Sandrine Harston, Audrey Gabelle, Mathieu Ceccaldi, Olivier Beauchet, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Renaud David, Olivier Rouaud, Olivier Godefroy, Catherine Belin, Isabelle Rouch, Nicolas Auguste, David Wallon, Athanase Benetos, Jérémie Pariente, Marc Paccalin, Olivier Moreaud, Caroline Hommet, François Sellal, Claire Boutoleau-Bretonniére, Isabelle Jalenques, Armelle Gentric, Pierre Vandel, Chabha Azouani, Ludovic Fillon, Clara Fischer, Helen Savarieau, Gregory Operto, Hugo Bertin, Marie Chupin, Vincent Bouteloup, Marie-Odile Habert, Jean-François Mangin, Geneviève Chêne
BACKGROUND: The natural history and disease mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders (ADRD) are still poorly understood. Very few resources are available to scrutinise patients as early as needed and to use integrative approaches combining standardised, repeated clinical investigations and cutting-edge biomarker measurements. METHODS: In the nationwide French MEMENTO cohort study, participants were recruited in memory clinics and screened for either isolated subjective cognitive complaints (SCCs) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI; defined as test performance 1...
August 29, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831700/screening-of-genetic-variants-in-adcyap1r1-mme-and-14q21-in-a-swedish-cluster-headache-cohort
#10
Caroline Ran, Carmen Fourier, Julia M Michalska, Anna Steinberg, Christina Sjöstrand, Elisabet Waldenlind, Andrea Carmine Belin
BACKGROUND: We have genotyped a Swedish cluster headache case-control population for three genetic variants representing the most significant markers identified in a recently published genome wide association study on cluster headache. The genetic variants were two common polymorphisms; rs12668955 in ADCYAP1R1 (adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide 1 receptor type 1), rs1006417, an intergenic variant on chromosome 14q21 and one rare mutation, rs147564881, in MME (membrane metalloendopeptidase)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776620/the-status-and-characteristics-of-eutrophication-in-tropical-coastal-water
#11
Nooshin Peyman, Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly Sany, Mohammad Tajfard, Rosli Hashim, Majid Rezayi, David J Karlen
A set of methodological tools was tested to assess the sensitivity of several ecological and biological indices to eutrophication while at the same time attempting to explore a linkage among pressures, classification assessment and drivers. Industrial discharges, harbor activities, natural interactions and river discharges are the pressures most related to the eutrophication process in tropical coastal water bodies. Among the eutrophication indices used, TRIX and operational indicators overestimated the eutrophication status in the study area, but EI and chl-a seems to be a rather responsive index to reflect the first stage of eutrophication...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756487/anatomo-functional-correspondence-in-the-superior-temporal-sulcus
#12
C Bodin, S Takerkart, P Belin, O Coulon
The superior temporal sulcus (STS) is an intriguing region both for its complex anatomy and for the multiple functions that it hosts. Unfortunately, most studies explored either the functional organization or the anatomy of the STS only. Here, we link these two aspects by investigating anatomo-functional correspondences between the voice-sensitive cortex (Temporal Voice Areas) and the STS depth. To do so, anatomical and functional scans of 116 subjects were processed such as to generate individual surface maps on which both depth and functional voice activity can be analyzed...
July 29, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750554/the-tma-93-a-new-memory-test-for-alzheimer-s-disease-in-illiterate-and-less-educated-people
#13
Didier Maillet, Pauline Narme, Hélène Amieva, Fanny Matharan, Olivier Bailon, Hervé Le Clésiau, Catherine Belin
The present study aimed at validating the Memory Associative Test of the district of Seine-Saint-Denis (TMA)-93, a new test of episodic memory. The TMA-93 was proposed to mostly less educated and multicultural elderly population composed of 376 healthy controls (HC) and 94 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The construct validity was checked by studying correlations with a widely used memory test (the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test [FCSRT]) in the subsample of literate patients. Results showed that (i) all the TMA-93 scores of the patients with AD were lower than those of the HC, (ii) the TMA-93 total score identified patients with AD with a high sensitivity (88%) and very high specificity (97%), and (iii) the TMA-93 total score was strongly correlated with both free recall and total recall scores of the FCSRT...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742621/long-term-tomographic-evaluation-of-unilateral-keratoconus
#14
Lauren M Imbornoni, Prema Padmanabhan, Michael W Belin, M Deepa
PURPOSE: To report 5 cases of advanced unilateral keratoconus documented by sequential tomographic evaluation. METHODS: Retrospective review over a 10-year period at a single practice identifying patients with unilateral keratoconus by advanced imaging throughout the follow-up period. RESULTS: Five patients were identified with progressive keratoconus in 1 eye and no changes in the fellow eye based on full tomographic evaluation and analysis of both anterior and posterior corneal surfaces and corneal thickness with a mean follow-up period of 59 months (range 39-86)...
July 24, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738288/it-doesn-t-matter-what-you-say-fmri-correlates-of%C3%A2-voice-learning-and-recognition-independent-of%C3%A2-speech-content
#15
Romi Zäske, Bashar Awwad Shiekh Hasan, Pascal Belin
Listeners can recognize newly learned voices from previously unheard utterances, suggesting the acquisition of high-level speech-invariant voice representations during learning. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we investigated the anatomical basis underlying the acquisition of voice representations for unfamiliar speakers independent of speech, and their subsequent recognition among novel voices. Specifically, listeners studied voices of unfamiliar speakers uttering short sentences and subsequently classified studied and novel voices as "old" or "new" in a recognition test...
September 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722333/xiap-inhibitor-embelin-induces-autophagic-and-apoptotic-cell-death-in-human-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#16
You-Jin Lee, Bong-Soo Park, Hae-Ryoun Park, Su-Bin Yu, Hae-Mi Kang, In-Ryoung Kim
Embelin is an active ingredient of traditional herbal remedies for cancer and other diseases. Recently, it has been suggested that autophagy may play an important role in cancer therapy. However, little data are available regarding the role of autophagy in oral cancers. Therefore, we conducted this study to examine whether Embelin modulates autophagy in Ca9-22. Our results showed that Embelin had anticancer activity against the Ca9-22 human tongue squamous cell, and we observed that autophagic vacuoles were formed by MDC and AO...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712349/a-community-partnered-participatory-cluster-randomized-study-of-depression-care-quality-improvement-three-year-outcomes
#17
Michael K Ong, Loretta Jones, Wayne Aoki, Thomas R Belin, Elizabeth Bromley, Bowen Chung, Elizabeth Dixon, Megan Dwight Johnson, Felica Jones, Paul Koegel, Dmitry Khodyakov, Craig M Landry, Elizabeth Lizaola, Norma Mtume, Victoria K Ngo, Judith Perlman, Esmeralda Pulido, Vivian Sauer, Cathy D Sherbourne, Lingqi Tang, Ed Vidaurri, Yolanda Whittington, Pluscedia Williams, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Lily Zhang, Marvin Southard, Jeanne Miranda, Kenneth Wells
OBJECTIVE: Community Partners in Care, a community-partnered, cluster-randomized trial with depressed clients from 93 Los Angeles health and community programs, examined the added value of a community coalition approach (Community Engagement and Planning [CEP]) versus individual program technical assistance (Resources for Services [RS]) for implementing depression quality improvement in underserved communities. CEP was more effective than RS in improving mental health-related quality of life, reducing behavioral health hospitalizations, and shifting services toward community-based programs at six months...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707731/contribution-of-benthic-microalgae-to-the-temporal-variation-in-phytoplankton-assemblages-in-a-macrotidal-system
#18
Tania Hernández Fariñas, Lourenço Ribeiro, Dominique Soudant, Catherine Belin, Cédric Bacher, Luis Lampert, Laurent Barillé
Suspended marine benthic microalgae in the water column reflect the close relationship between the benthic and pelagic components of coastal ecosystems. In this study, a 12-year phytoplankton time-series was used to investigate the contribution of benthic microalgae to the pelagic system at a site along the French-Atlantic coast. Furthermore, all taxa identified were allocated into different growth forms in order to study their seasonal patterns. The highest contribution of benthic microalgae was observed during the winter period, reaching up to 60% of the carbon biomass in the water column...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687218/keratoconus-screening-indices-and-their-diagnostic-ability-to-distinguish-normal-from-ectatic-corneas
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rohit Shetty, Harsha Rao, Pooja Khamar, Kanchan Sainani, Krishnapoojita Vunnava, Chaitra Jayadev, Luci Kaweri
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic ability of 3 Scheimpflug devices in differentiating normal from ectatic corneas. DESIGN: Comparison of diagnostic instrument accuracy. METHODS: This study included 42 normal, 37 subclinical keratoconic, and 51 keratoconic eyes seen in a tertiary eye care institute. Keratoconus screening indices were evaluated using the Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany), Galilei (Ziemer, Biel, Switzerland), and Sirius (Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici, Florence, Italy)...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684629/genetic-deletion-of-nadph-oxidase-1-rescues-microvascular-function-in-mice-with-metabolic-disease
#20
Jennifer A Thompson, Sebastian Larion, James D Mintz, Eric J Belin de Chantemèle, David J Fulton, David W Stepp
RATIONALE: Early vascular changes in metabolic disease that precipitate the development of cardiovascular complications are largely driven by reactive oxygen species accumulation, yet the extent to which excess reactive oxygen species derive from specific NADPH oxidase isoforms remains ill defined. OBJECTIVE: Identify the role of Nox1 in the development of microvascular dysfunction in metabolic disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four genotypes were generated by breeding Nox1 knockout mice with db/db mice: lean (HdbWnox1), lean Nox1 knockout (HdbKnox1), obese (KdbWnox1), and obese KK (KdbKnox1)...
August 18, 2017: Circulation Research
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