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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612694/-anticholinergic-syndrome-caused-by-contaminated-herbal-tea-acting-swiftly-to-identify-the-source
#1
C Oerlemans, I de Vries, A J H P van Riel
BACKGROUND: Despite good manufacturing practice and quality control, consumer products can become contaminated. In some cases, this can result in severe and life-threatening intoxication with potentially fatal consequences. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 27-year-old man and a 28-year-old pregnant woman presented to the Emergency Department with severe anticholinergic syndrome after using a marshmallow root (Althaea officinalis) herbal remedy, mixed into hot chocolate drink, to reduce symptoms of common cold...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526915/dietary-behaviors-in-psoriasis-patient-reported-outcomes-from-a-u-s-national-survey
#2
Ladan Afifi, Melissa J Danesh, Kristina M Lee, Kevin Beroukhim, Benjamin Farahnik, Richard S Ahn, Di Yan, Rasnik K Singh, Mio Nakamura, John Koo, Wilson Liao
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis patients demonstrate high interest in the role of diet on their skin condition. However, data are lacking to describe dietary interventions among psoriasis patients and associated outcomes. This study aims to identify common dietary habits, interventions and perceptions among patients with psoriasis, and to examine patient-reported skin outcomes in response to these interventions. METHODS: We administered a 61-question survey to the National Psoriasis Foundation membership asking psoriasis patients about dietary habits, modifications, skin responses, and perceptions...
June 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505182/using-nextrad-sequencing-to-infer-movement-of-herbivores-among-host-plants
#3
Zhen Fu, Brendan Epstein, Joanna L Kelley, Qi Zheng, Alan O Bergland, Carmen I Castillo Carrillo, Andrew S Jensen, Jennifer Dahan, Alexander V Karasev, William E Snyder
Herbivores often move among spatially interspersed host plants, tracking high-quality resources through space and time. This dispersal is of particular interest for vectors of plant pathogens. Existing molecular tools to track such movement have yielded important insights, but often provide insufficient genetic resolution to infer spread at finer spatiotemporal scales. Here, we explore the use of Nextera-tagmented reductively-amplified DNA (NextRAD) sequencing to infer movement of a highly-mobile winged insect, the potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli), among host plants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486801/potential-anti-inflammatory-steroidal-saponins-from-the-berries-of-solanum-nigrum-l-european-black-nightshade
#4
Yihai Wang, Limin Xiang, Xiaomin Yi, Xiangjiu He
Solanum nigrum L. or European black nightshade (Solanum genus) is a common weed of crops and gardens. The berries and leaves of S. nigrum L. are consumed as food or vegetable in some regions and reported to possess a range of biological activities. In this study, nine new steroidal saponins, solanigrosides Y1-Y9 (1-6, 10-12), together with seven known congeners, were isolated from the berries of S. nigrum. Their potential inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) and IL-6 and IL-1β production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in macrophages cell line RAW 264...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204895/complete-nucleotide-sequence-of-solanum-nodiflorum-mottle-virus
#5
Merike Sõmera, Erkki Truve
Solanum nodiflorum mottle virus (SNMoV) was isolated from a small-flowered nightshade (Solanum nodiflorum) in Queensland, Australia. It has been included in the genus Sobemovirus based on virion morphology and serological relationships. Here, we report the sequence of the complete genome of SNMoV. Sequence analysis confirmed that SNMoV has the characteristic genome organization of sobemoviruses. Phylogenetic analysis showed that it clusters most closely with velvet tobacco mottle virus (VTMoV), another sobemovirus native to Australia...
June 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182757/horticultural-systems-engineering-and-economic-evaluations-of-short-term-plant-storage-techniques-as-a-labor-management-tool-for-vegetable-grafting-nurseries
#6
Chieri Kubota, Chao Meng, Young-Jun Son, Myles Lewis, Hans Spalholz, Russell Tronstad
This transdisciplinary study has a three-fold systems approach in evaluating a horticultural technology: 1) horticultural evaluations, 2) economic and resource analyses, and 3) systems engineering analyses, using low temperature storage as an example technology. Vegetable grafting is a technique to produce value-added seedlings but requires labor intensive nursery operations. Low temperature storage of seedlings for a short period of time can reduce peak production, but has not been evaluated at the extent demonstrated in this paper...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132661/the-potential-of-host-plants-for-biological-control-of-tuta-absoluta-by-the-predator-dicyphus-errans
#7
B L Ingegno, V Candian, I Psomadelis, N Bodino, L Tavella
Dicyphus errans (Wolff) has been shown to be a suitable biocontrol agent for Tuta absoluta (Meyrick). This generalist predator shares various host plants with the exotic pest, and these interactions could be exploited to enhance pest control. Therefore, host preference, survival rate and development times of the predator and prey were investigated on crop and non-crop plant species. Among the tested plants, the favourite hosts were Solanum species for T. absoluta, and herb Robert, European black nightshade, courgette and tomato for D...
June 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114894/evolutional-dynamics-of-45s-and-5s-ribosomal-dna-in-ancient-allohexaploid-atropa-belladonna
#8
Roman A Volkov, Irina I Panchuk, Nikolai V Borisjuk, Marta Hosiawa-Baranska, Jolanta Maluszynska, Vera Hemleben
BACKGROUND: Polyploid hybrids represent a rich natural resource to study molecular evolution of plant genes and genomes. Here, we applied a combination of karyological and molecular methods to investigate chromosomal structure, molecular organization and evolution of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) in nightshade, Atropa belladonna (fam. Solanaceae), one of the oldest known allohexaploids among flowering plants. Because of their abundance and specific molecular organization (evolutionarily conserved coding regions linked to variable intergenic spacers, IGS), 45S and 5S rDNA are widely used in plant taxonomic and evolutionary studies...
January 23, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059765/eocene-lantern-fruits-from-gondwanan-patagonia-and-the-early-origins-of-solanaceae
#9
Peter Wilf, Mónica R Carvalho, María A Gandolfo, N Rubén Cúneo
The nightshade family Solanaceae holds exceptional economic and cultural importance. The early diversification of Solanaceae is thought to have occurred in South America during its separation from Gondwana, but the family's sparse fossil record provides few insights. We report 52.2-million-year-old lantern fruits from terminal-Gondwanan Patagonia, featuring highly inflated, five-lobed calyces, as a newly identified species of the derived, diverse New World genus Physalis (e.g., groundcherries and tomatillos)...
January 6, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043181/dietary-modifications-in-atopic-dermatitis-patient-reported-outcomes
#10
Adi Nosrati, Ladan Afifi, Melissa J Danesh, Kristina Lee, Di Yan, Kourosh Beroukhim, Richard Ahn, Wilson Liao
BACKGROUND: Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) commonly turn to dietary modifications to manage their skin condition. OBJECTIVES: To investigate patient-reported outcomes and perceptions regarding the role of diet in AD. METHODS: One hundred and sixty nine AD patients were surveyed in this cross-sectional study. The 61-question survey asked about dietary modifications, perceptions and outcomes. RESULTS: Eighty seven percent of participants reported a trial of dietary exclusion...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979237/densitometric-tlc-analysis-for-the-control-of-tropane-and-steroidal-alkaloids-in-lycium-barbarum
#11
A Kokotkiewicz, P Migas, J Stefanowicz, M Luczkiewicz, M Krauze-Baranowska
Thin layer chromatographic methods for quantitative determination of nightshade-specific tropane (l-hyoscyamine, scopolamine) and steroidal alkaloids (α-solanine, α-chaconine) in goji berries (L. barbarum L., Solanaceae) were developed. The analysis of tropane derivatives included separation on silica gel-coated HPTLC plates using mobile phase consisted of chloroform:methanol:acetone:25% ammonium hydroxide (75:15:10:1.6 v/v/v/v), derivatization with Dragendorff reagent and scanning densitometry at λ - 520nm in reflectance/absorption mode...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821409/the-evolution-of-inflorescence-diversity-in-the-nightshades-and-heterochrony-during-meristem-maturation
#12
Zachary H Lemmon, Soon Ju Park, Ke Jiang, Joyce Van Eck, Michael C Schatz, Zachary B Lippman
One of the most remarkable manifestations of plant evolution is the diversity for floral branching systems. These "inflorescences" arise from stem cell populations in shoot meristems that mature gradually to reproductive states in response to environmental and endogenous signals. The morphology of the shoot meristem maturation process is conserved across distantly related plants, raising the question of how diverse inflorescence architectures arise from seemingly common maturation programs. In tomato and related nightshades (Solanaceae), inflorescences range from solitary flowers to highly branched structures bearing hundreds of flowers...
December 2016: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726305/inhibition-of-prostate-cancer-growth-by-solanine-requires-the-suppression-of-cell-cycle-proteins-and-the-activation-of-ros-p38-signaling-pathway
#13
Bin Pan, Weifeng Zhong, Zhihai Deng, Caiyong Lai, Jing Chu, Genlong Jiao, Junfeng Liu, Qizhao Zhou
Solanine, a naturally steroidal glycoalkaloid in nightshade (Solanum nigrum Linn.), can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumor cells. However, the mechanism of solanine-suppressing prostate cancer cell growth remains to be elucidated. This study investigates the inhibition mechanism of solanine on cancer development in vivo and in cultured human prostate cancer cell DU145 in vitro. Results show that solanine injection significantly suppresses the tumor cell growth in xenograft athymic nude mice...
November 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556560/opposing-roles-of-foliar-and-glandular-trichome-volatile-components-in-cultivated-nightshade-interaction-with-a-specialist-herbivore
#14
Lucy Kananu Murungi, Hillary Kirwa, Daisy Salifu, Baldwyn Torto
Plant chemistry is an important contributor to the interaction with herbivores. Here, we report on a previously unknown role for foliar and glandular trichome volatiles in their interaction with the specialist herbivore of solanaceous plants, the tomato red spider mite Tetranychus evansi. We used various bioassays and chemical analyses including coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-QToF-MS) to investigate this interaction between cultivated African nightshades and T...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516654/anesthesia-and-pain-relief-in-the-history-of-islamic-medicine
#15
Faranak Alembizar, Ayda Hosseinkhani, Alireza Salehi
BACKGROUND: Since diseases and surgeries could be very painful, the annihilation of pain has been the most important goal of physicians. The history of Iranian-Islamic medicine includes distinguished physicians that attempted to find different methods of anesthesia. This research aims at reviewing approaches for anesthesia throughout the history of the Iranian-Islamic medicine, in order to identify a variety of drugs used during that period. METHODS: In this research, the information was mainly collected from medical history, traditional literature and various search engines (e...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458430/produce-from-africa-s-gardens-potential-for-leafy-vegetable-and-fruit-fermentations
#16
REVIEW
Folarin A Oguntoyinbo, Vincenzina Fusco, Gyu-Sung Cho, Jan Kabisch, Horst Neve, Wilhelm Bockelmann, Melanie Huch, Lara Frommherz, Bernhard Trierweiler, Biserka Becker, Nabil Benomar, Antonio Gálvez, Hikmate Abriouel, Wilhelm H Holzapfel, Charles M A P Franz
A rich variety of indigenous fruits and vegetables grow in Africa, which contribute to the nutrition and health of Africa's populations. Fruits and vegetables have high moisture and are thus inherently prone to accelerated spoilage. Food fermentation still plays a major role in combating food spoilage and foodborne diseases that are prevalent in many of Africa's resource disadvantaged regions. Lactic acid fermentation is probably the oldest and best-accepted food processing method among the African people, and is largely a home-based process...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446035/plants-rather-than-mineral-fertilization-shape-microbial-community-structure-and-functional-potential-in-legacy-contaminated-soil
#17
Jakub Ridl, Michal Kolar, Michal Strejcek, Hynek Strnad, Petr Stursa, Jan Paces, Tomas Macek, Ondrej Uhlik
Plant-microbe interactions are of particular importance in polluted soils. This study sought to determine how selected plants (horseradish, black nightshade and tobacco) and NPK mineral fertilization shape the structure of soil microbial communities in legacy contaminated soil and the resultant impact of treatment on the soil microbial community functional potential. To explore these objectives, we combined shotgun metagenomics and 16S rRNA gene amplicon high throughput sequencing with data analysis approaches developed for RNA-seq...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375224/nightshade-wound-secretion-the-world-s-simplest-extrafloral-nectar
#18
Martin Heil
Wounded nightshade leaves secrete a sugary liquid that, like extrafloral nectar (EFN), attracts ants as defence against herbivores. The secretion of these droplets requires no detectable nectary tissue, showing how little it takes to produce a functioning nectary. Easy de novo formation of extrafloral nectaries explains their 'scattered' phylogenetic distribution.
August 2016: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357162/arthropod-pests-and-predators-associated-with-bittersweet-nightshade-a-noncrop-host-of-the-potato-psyllid-hemiptera-triozidae
#19
C I Castillo Carrillo, Z Fu, A S Jensen, W E Snyder
Bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara L.) is a key noncrop host of the potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli Šulc), proposed to be a source of the psyllids that colonize potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) fields in the northwestern United States. Here, we describe the broader community of arthropod potato pests, and also predatory arthropods, found in bittersweet nightshade patches. Over 2 yr, we sampled arthropods in patches of this weed spanning the potato-growing region of eastern Washington State. The potato psyllid was the most abundant potato pest that we found, with reproduction of these herbivores recorded throughout much of the growing season where this was measured...
August 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271944/gut-content-analysis-of-a-phloem-feeding-insect-bactericera-cockerelli-hemiptera-triozidae
#20
W Rodney Cooper, David R Horton, Thomas R Unruh, Stephen F Garczynski
Potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Šulc) (Hemiptera: Triozidae), is a key pest of potato (Solanum tuberosum L., Solanales: Solanaceae) and a vector of "Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum," the pathogen associated with zebra chip disease. In addition to its presence on cultivated crops, the psyllid regularly occurs on numerous uncultivated annual and perennial species within the Solanaceae. A better understanding of landscape-level ecology of B. cockerelli would substantially improve our ability to predict which potato fields are most likely to be colonized by infected psyllids...
August 2016: Environmental Entomology
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