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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829363/solanum-trilobatum-l-ameliorate-thioacetamide-induced-oxidative-stress-and-hepatic-damage-in-albino-rats
#1
Kumar Ganesan, Kumeshini Sukalingam, Baojun Xu
Solanum trilobatum L. (Solanaceae) has been well known as nightshade, commonly used by diverse populations to heal several disorders. Earlier studies in Solanum trilobatum were focused on different pharmacological activities and a few were concerned with antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects. Thus, the current study was focused to evaluate the antioxidant potential and hepatoprotective effects of S. trilobatum L. on thioacetamide (TAA) intoxication in Wistar albino rats. The rats were kept into four groups and six animals each...
August 22, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704260/%C3%AE-solanine-reverses-pulmonary-vascular-remodeling-and-vascular-angiogenesis-in-experimental-pulmonary-artery-hypertension
#2
Xiaowei Nie, Youai Dai, Jianxin Tan, Yuan Chen, Guowei Qin, Wenjun Mao, Jian Zou, Yanhua Chang, Qian Wang, Jingyu Chen
OBJECTIVE: Similar to cancer, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by vascular remodeling, which leads to obliteration of the small pulmonary arteriole, with marked proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and/or endothelial cells dysfunction. Aberrant expression of tumor suppressor genes is closely associated with susceptibility to PAH. We hypothesized that α-solanine, a glycoalkaloid found in members of the nightshade family known to have antitumor activity in different cancers, reverses experimental PAH by activating the tumor suppressor-axis inhibition protein 2 (AXIN2)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667817/solanum-dulcamara-s-response-to-eggs-of-an-insect-herbivore-comprises-ovicidal-hydrogen-peroxide-production
#3
Daniel Geuss, Sandra Stelzer, Tobias Lortzing, Anke Steppuhn
Plants can respond to insect oviposition but little is known about which responses directly target the insect eggs and how. Here, we reveal a mechanism by which the bittersweet nightshade, Solanum dulcamara, kills the eggs of a generalist noctuid herbivore. The plant responded at the site of oviposition by Spodoptera exigua with formation of neoplasms and chlorotic tissue, accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induction of defence genes and proteins. Transcriptome analysis revealed that these responses were reflected in the transcriptional reprogramming of the egg-laden leaf...
July 1, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649072/investigation-of-composition-extracts-biological-activities-and-optimization-of-solanum-nigrum-l-extraction-growing-in-iran
#4
Akbar Esmaeili, Abdul Rahman Tahazadeh, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimzadeh
Raw materials including medicinal plants are gaining popularity for the production of reliable and safe medicines suitable for human. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) is a collection of mathematical and statistical techniques used for solving the optimization problems. Using the RSM method, compounds, extracts, antioxidant and antibacterial agents of methanol, hexane, chloroform and water extracts of black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) found in Iran, had been studied for this research. GC and GC/MS had been used to determine the composition of the extracts from the aerial parts of S...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612694/-anticholinergic-syndrome-caused-by-contaminated-herbal-tea-acting-swiftly-to-identify-the-source
#5
C Oerlemans, I de Vries, A J H P van Riel
BACKGROUND: Despite good manufacturing practice and quality control, consumer products can become contaminated. In some cases, this can result in severe and life-threatening intoxication with potentially fatal consequences. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 27-year-old man and a 28-year-old pregnant woman presented to the Emergency Department with severe anticholinergic syndrome after using a marshmallow root (Althaea officinalis) herbal remedy, mixed into hot chocolate drink, to reduce symptoms of common cold...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526915/dietary-behaviors-in-psoriasis-patient-reported-outcomes-from-a-u-s-national-survey
#6
Ladan Afifi, Melissa J Danesh, Kristina M Lee, Kevin Beroukhim, Benjamin Farahnik, Richard S Ahn, Di Yan, Rasnik K Singh, Mio Nakamura, John Koo, Wilson Liao
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis patients demonstrate high interest in the role of diet on their skin condition. However, data are lacking to describe dietary interventions among psoriasis patients and associated outcomes. This study aims to identify common dietary habits, interventions and perceptions among patients with psoriasis, and to examine patient-reported skin outcomes in response to these interventions. METHODS: We administered a 61-question survey to the National Psoriasis Foundation membership asking psoriasis patients about dietary habits, modifications, skin responses, and perceptions...
June 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505182/using-nextrad-sequencing-to-infer-movement-of-herbivores-among-host-plants
#7
Zhen Fu, Brendan Epstein, Joanna L Kelley, Qi Zheng, Alan O Bergland, Carmen I Castillo Carrillo, Andrew S Jensen, Jennifer Dahan, Alexander V Karasev, William E Snyder
Herbivores often move among spatially interspersed host plants, tracking high-quality resources through space and time. This dispersal is of particular interest for vectors of plant pathogens. Existing molecular tools to track such movement have yielded important insights, but often provide insufficient genetic resolution to infer spread at finer spatiotemporal scales. Here, we explore the use of Nextera-tagmented reductively-amplified DNA (NextRAD) sequencing to infer movement of a highly-mobile winged insect, the potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli), among host plants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486801/potential-anti-inflammatory-steroidal-saponins-from-the-berries-of-solanum-nigrum-l-european-black-nightshade
#8
Yihai Wang, Limin Xiang, Xiaomin Yi, Xiangjiu He
Solanum nigrum L. or European black nightshade (Solanum genus) is a common weed of crops and gardens. The berries and leaves of S. nigrum L. are consumed as food or vegetable in some regions and reported to possess a range of biological activities. In this study, nine new steroidal saponins, solanigrosides Y1-Y9 (1-6, 10-12), together with seven known congeners, were isolated from the berries of S. nigrum. Their potential inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) and IL-6 and IL-1β production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in macrophages cell line RAW 264...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204895/complete-nucleotide-sequence-of-solanum-nodiflorum-mottle-virus
#9
Merike Sõmera, Erkki Truve
Solanum nodiflorum mottle virus (SNMoV) was isolated from a small-flowered nightshade (Solanum nodiflorum) in Queensland, Australia. It has been included in the genus Sobemovirus based on virion morphology and serological relationships. Here, we report the sequence of the complete genome of SNMoV. Sequence analysis confirmed that SNMoV has the characteristic genome organization of sobemoviruses. Phylogenetic analysis showed that it clusters most closely with velvet tobacco mottle virus (VTMoV), another sobemovirus native to Australia...
June 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182757/horticultural-systems-engineering-and-economic-evaluations-of-short-term-plant-storage-techniques-as-a-labor-management-tool-for-vegetable-grafting-nurseries
#10
Chieri Kubota, Chao Meng, Young-Jun Son, Myles Lewis, Hans Spalholz, Russell Tronstad
This transdisciplinary study has a three-fold systems approach in evaluating a horticultural technology: 1) horticultural evaluations, 2) economic and resource analyses, and 3) systems engineering analyses, using low temperature storage as an example technology. Vegetable grafting is a technique to produce value-added seedlings but requires labor intensive nursery operations. Low temperature storage of seedlings for a short period of time can reduce peak production, but has not been evaluated at the extent demonstrated in this paper...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132661/the-potential-of-host-plants-for-biological-control-of-tuta-absoluta-by-the-predator-dicyphus-errans
#11
B L Ingegno, V Candian, I Psomadelis, N Bodino, L Tavella
Dicyphus errans (Wolff) has been shown to be a suitable biocontrol agent for Tuta absoluta (Meyrick). This generalist predator shares various host plants with the exotic pest, and these interactions could be exploited to enhance pest control. Therefore, host preference, survival rate and development times of the predator and prey were investigated on crop and non-crop plant species. Among the tested plants, the favourite hosts were Solanum species for T. absoluta, and herb Robert, European black nightshade, courgette and tomato for D...
June 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114894/evolutional-dynamics-of-45s-and-5s-ribosomal-dna-in-ancient-allohexaploid-atropa-belladonna
#12
Roman A Volkov, Irina I Panchuk, Nikolai V Borisjuk, Marta Hosiawa-Baranska, Jolanta Maluszynska, Vera Hemleben
BACKGROUND: Polyploid hybrids represent a rich natural resource to study molecular evolution of plant genes and genomes. Here, we applied a combination of karyological and molecular methods to investigate chromosomal structure, molecular organization and evolution of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) in nightshade, Atropa belladonna (fam. Solanaceae), one of the oldest known allohexaploids among flowering plants. Because of their abundance and specific molecular organization (evolutionarily conserved coding regions linked to variable intergenic spacers, IGS), 45S and 5S rDNA are widely used in plant taxonomic and evolutionary studies...
January 23, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059765/eocene-lantern-fruits-from-gondwanan-patagonia-and-the-early-origins-of-solanaceae
#13
Peter Wilf, Mónica R Carvalho, María A Gandolfo, N Rubén Cúneo
The nightshade family Solanaceae holds exceptional economic and cultural importance. The early diversification of Solanaceae is thought to have occurred in South America during its separation from Gondwana, but the family's sparse fossil record provides few insights. We report 52.2-million-year-old lantern fruits from terminal-Gondwanan Patagonia, featuring highly inflated, five-lobed calyces, as a newly identified species of the derived, diverse New World genus Physalis (e.g., groundcherries and tomatillos)...
January 6, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043181/dietary-modifications-in-atopic-dermatitis-patient-reported-outcomes
#14
Adi Nosrati, Ladan Afifi, Melissa J Danesh, Kristina Lee, Di Yan, Kourosh Beroukhim, Richard Ahn, Wilson Liao
BACKGROUND: Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) commonly turn to dietary modifications to manage their skin condition. OBJECTIVES: To investigate patient-reported outcomes and perceptions regarding the role of diet in AD. METHODS: One hundred and sixty nine AD patients were surveyed in this cross-sectional study. The 61-question survey asked about dietary modifications, perceptions and outcomes. RESULTS: Eighty seven percent of participants reported a trial of dietary exclusion...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979237/densitometric-tlc-analysis-for-the-control-of-tropane-and-steroidal-alkaloids-in-lycium-barbarum
#15
A Kokotkiewicz, P Migas, J Stefanowicz, M Luczkiewicz, M Krauze-Baranowska
Thin layer chromatographic methods for quantitative determination of nightshade-specific tropane (l-hyoscyamine, scopolamine) and steroidal alkaloids (α-solanine, α-chaconine) in goji berries (L. barbarum L., Solanaceae) were developed. The analysis of tropane derivatives included separation on silica gel-coated HPTLC plates using mobile phase consisted of chloroform:methanol:acetone:25% ammonium hydroxide (75:15:10:1.6 v/v/v/v), derivatization with Dragendorff reagent and scanning densitometry at λ - 520nm in reflectance/absorption mode...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821409/the-evolution-of-inflorescence-diversity-in-the-nightshades-and-heterochrony-during-meristem-maturation
#16
Zachary H Lemmon, Soon Ju Park, Ke Jiang, Joyce Van Eck, Michael C Schatz, Zachary B Lippman
One of the most remarkable manifestations of plant evolution is the diversity for floral branching systems. These "inflorescences" arise from stem cell populations in shoot meristems that mature gradually to reproductive states in response to environmental and endogenous signals. The morphology of the shoot meristem maturation process is conserved across distantly related plants, raising the question of how diverse inflorescence architectures arise from seemingly common maturation programs. In tomato and related nightshades (Solanaceae), inflorescences range from solitary flowers to highly branched structures bearing hundreds of flowers...
December 2016: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726305/inhibition-of-prostate-cancer-growth-by-solanine-requires-the-suppression-of-cell-cycle-proteins-and-the-activation-of-ros-p38-signaling-pathway
#17
Bin Pan, Weifeng Zhong, Zhihai Deng, Caiyong Lai, Jing Chu, Genlong Jiao, Junfeng Liu, Qizhao Zhou
Solanine, a naturally steroidal glycoalkaloid in nightshade (Solanum nigrum Linn.), can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumor cells. However, the mechanism of solanine-suppressing prostate cancer cell growth remains to be elucidated. This study investigates the inhibition mechanism of solanine on cancer development in vivo and in cultured human prostate cancer cell DU145 in vitro. Results show that solanine injection significantly suppresses the tumor cell growth in xenograft athymic nude mice...
November 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556560/opposing-roles-of-foliar-and-glandular-trichome-volatile-components-in-cultivated-nightshade-interaction-with-a-specialist-herbivore
#18
Lucy Kananu Murungi, Hillary Kirwa, Daisy Salifu, Baldwyn Torto
Plant chemistry is an important contributor to the interaction with herbivores. Here, we report on a previously unknown role for foliar and glandular trichome volatiles in their interaction with the specialist herbivore of solanaceous plants, the tomato red spider mite Tetranychus evansi. We used various bioassays and chemical analyses including coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-QToF-MS) to investigate this interaction between cultivated African nightshades and T...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516654/anesthesia-and-pain-relief-in-the-history-of-islamic-medicine
#19
Faranak Alembizar, Ayda Hosseinkhani, Alireza Salehi
BACKGROUND: Since diseases and surgeries could be very painful, the annihilation of pain has been the most important goal of physicians. The history of Iranian-Islamic medicine includes distinguished physicians that attempted to find different methods of anesthesia. This research aims at reviewing approaches for anesthesia throughout the history of the Iranian-Islamic medicine, in order to identify a variety of drugs used during that period. METHODS: In this research, the information was mainly collected from medical history, traditional literature and various search engines (e...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458430/produce-from-africa-s-gardens-potential-for-leafy-vegetable-and-fruit-fermentations
#20
REVIEW
Folarin A Oguntoyinbo, Vincenzina Fusco, Gyu-Sung Cho, Jan Kabisch, Horst Neve, Wilhelm Bockelmann, Melanie Huch, Lara Frommherz, Bernhard Trierweiler, Biserka Becker, Nabil Benomar, Antonio Gálvez, Hikmate Abriouel, Wilhelm H Holzapfel, Charles M A P Franz
A rich variety of indigenous fruits and vegetables grow in Africa, which contribute to the nutrition and health of Africa's populations. Fruits and vegetables have high moisture and are thus inherently prone to accelerated spoilage. Food fermentation still plays a major role in combating food spoilage and foodborne diseases that are prevalent in many of Africa's resource disadvantaged regions. Lactic acid fermentation is probably the oldest and best-accepted food processing method among the African people, and is largely a home-based process...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
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