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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769290/assessment-of-an-organ-specific-de-novo-transcriptome-of-the-nematode-trap-crop-solanum-sisymbriifolium
#1
Alexander Q Wixom, N Carol Casavant, Joseph C Kuhl, Fangming Xiao, Louise-Marie Dandurand, Allan B Caplan
Solanum sisymbriifolium , also known as "Litchi Tomato" or "Sticky Nightshade," is an undomesticated and poorly researched plant related to potato and tomato. Unlike the latter species, S. sisymbriifolium induces eggs of the cyst nematode, Globodera pallida , to hatch and migrate into its roots, but then arrests further nematode maturation. In order to provide researchers with a partial blueprint of its genetic make-up so that the mechanism of this response might be identified, we used single molecule real time (SMRT) sequencing to compile a high quality de novo transcriptome of 41,189 unigenes drawn from individually sequenced bud, root, stem, and leaf RNA populations...
May 16, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694416/the-chloroplast-genome-sequence-of-bittersweet-solanum-dulcamara-plastid-genome-structure-evolution-in-solanaceae
#2
Ali Amiryousefi, Jaakko Hyvönen, Péter Poczai
Bittersweet (Solanum dulcamara) is a native Old World member of the nightshade family. This European diploid species can be found from marshlands to high mountainous regions and it is a common weed that serves as an alternative host and source of resistance genes against plant pathogens such as late blight (Phytophthora infestans). We sequenced the complete chloroplast genome of bittersweet, which is 155,580 bp in length and it is characterized by a typical quadripartite structure composed of a large (85,901 bp) and small (18,449 bp) single-copy region interspersed by two identical inverted repeats (25,615 bp)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653183/atropa-belladonna-neurotoxicity-implications-to-neurological-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Gunnar F Kwakye, Jennifer Jiménez, Jessica A Jiménez, Michael Aschner
Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, ranks among one of the most poisonous plants in Europe and other parts of the world. The plant contains tropane alkaloids including atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine, which are used as anticholinergics in Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs and homeopathic remedies. These alkaloids can be very toxic at high dose. The FDA has recently reported that Hyland's baby teething tablets contain inconsistent amounts of Atropa belladonna that may have adverse effects on the nervous system and cause death in children, thus recalled the product in 2017...
April 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567246/rapid-screening-of-toxic-glycoalkaloids-and-micronutrients-in-edible-nightshades-solanum-spp
#4
Bo Yuan, David Byrnes, Daniel Giurleo, Thomas Villani, James E Simon, Qingli Wu
African indigenous vegetables (AIVs) because of their nutrient density have the unique potential to reduce micronutrient deficiencies in sub-Saharan Africa, yet some may also contain anti-nutritive compounds. Vegetable nightshades from Solanum americanum, Solanum nigrum, Solanum scabrum and Solanum villosum are among the major AIVs used as a leafy vegetables and consumed regularly in many countries in sub-Sahara Africa. These under-recognized food crops have not been subjected to extensive studies for their nutritional and antinutritive factors...
April 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518971/dietary-plants-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-kidney-stones-preclinical-and-clinical-evidence-and-molecular-mechanisms
#5
REVIEW
Mina Cheraghi Nirumand, Marziyeh Hajialyani, Roja Rahimi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Stéphane Zingue, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee
Kidney stones are one of the oldest known and common diseases in the urinary tract system. Various human studies have suggested that diets with a higher intake of vegetables and fruits play a role in the prevention of kidney stones. In this review, we have provided an overview of these dietary plants, their main chemical constituents, and their possible mechanisms of action. Camellia sinensis (green tea), Rubus idaeus (raspberry), Rubia cordifolia (common madder), Petroselinum crispum (parsley), Punica granatum (pomegranate), Pistacia lentiscus (mastic), Solanum xanthocarpum (yellow-fruit nightshade), Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Dolichos biflorus ( horse gram ), Ammi visnaga (khella), Nigella sativa (black-cumin), Hibiscus sabdariffa (roselle), and Origanum vulgare (oregano) have received considerable interest based on scientific evidence...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516620/trapping-system-comparisons-for-and-factors-affecting-populations-of-drosophila-suzukii-and-zaprionus-indianus-in-winter-grown-strawberry
#6
Justin M Renkema, Lindsy E Iglesias, Phanie Bonneau, Oscar E Liburd
BACKGROUND: Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) is a major fruit pest in temperate regions worldwide, but in subtropical Florida, winter-grown strawberries have not been severely affected. Zaprionus indianus Gupta is another invasive drosophilid species and a pest of some tropical fruits. To improve monitoring, trapping systems for D. suzukii and Z. indianus were tested. Morphology, ovarian status and the suitability and availability of non-crop hosts as possible D. suzukii population-limiting factors were assessed...
March 8, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430259/the-effects-of-the-alkaloid-scopolamine-on-the-performance-and-behavior-of-two-caterpillar-species
#7
J K Wilson, A S Tseng, K A Potter, G Davidowitz, J G Hildebrand
Plants have evolved many defenses against insect herbivores, including numerous chemicals that can reduce herbivore growth, performance, and fitness. One group of chemicals, the tropane alkaloids, is commonly found in the nightshade family (Solanaceae) and has been thought to reduce performance and fitness in insects. We examined the effects of the tropane alkaloid scopolamine, the alkaloid constituent of Datura wrightii , which is the most frequent host plant for the abundant and widespread insect herbivore Manduca sexta in the southwestern United States...
February 2018: Arthropod-plant Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421515/anti-inflammatory-steroidal-glycosides-from-the-berries-of-solanum-nigrum-l-european-black-nightshade
#8
Limin Xiang, Yihai Wang, Xiaomin Yi, Xiangjiu He
Seven previously undescribed steroidal glycosides, along with three known congeners were isolated from the unripe berries of Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae). Their structures were elucidated on basis of 1D and 2D NMR, HR-ESI-MS spectroscopic data and GC analysis after acid hydrolysis. The potential inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide in RAW 264.7 cell line and the anti-proliferative activities against five cancer cell lines (HL-60, U-937, Jurkat, K562 and HepG2) were evaluated...
April 2018: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234041/evolution-of-a-flipped-pathway-creates-metabolic-innovation-in-tomato-trichomes-through-bahd-enzyme-promiscuity
#9
Pengxiang Fan, Abigail M Miller, Xiaoxiao Liu, A Daniel Jones, Robert L Last
Plants produce hundreds of thousands of structurally diverse specialized metabolites via multistep biosynthetic networks, including compounds of ecological and therapeutic importance. These pathways are restricted to specific plant groups, and are excellent systems for understanding metabolic evolution. Tomato and other plants in the nightshade family synthesize protective acylated sugars in the tip cells of glandular trichomes on stems and leaves. We describe a metabolic innovation in wild tomato species that contributes to acylsucrose structural diversity...
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188041/effect-of-processing-methods-on-the-nutritional-content-of-three-traditional-vegetables-leaves-amaranth-black-nightshade-and-jute-mallow
#10
Korotimi Traoré, Charles Parkouda, Aly Savadogo, Fatoumata Ba/Hama, Regine Kamga, Yves Traoré
The study assessed changes in nutritional content of some commonly consumed traditional vegetables subjected to postharvest processes. Amaranth ( Amaranthus cruentus L.), black nightshade ( Solanum scabrum Mill.) and jute mallow ( Corchorus olitorius L.) leaves used as vegetables were subjected to blanching, boiling and drying. The proximate composition and β-carotene content of fresh and processed leaves were determined. Amaranth, black nightshade and jute mallow leaves had 25.21%, 39.74% and 29.18% of protein, respectively...
November 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033969/intercropping-induces-changes-in-specific-secondary-metabolite-concentration-in-ethiopian-kale-brassica-carinata-and-african-nightshade-solanum-scabrum-under-controlled-conditions
#11
Benard Ngwene, Susanne Neugart, Susanne Baldermann, Beena Ravi, Monika Schreiner
Intercropping is widespread in small-holder farming systems in tropical regions and is also practiced in the cultivation of indigenous vegetables, to alleviate the multiple burdens of malnutrition. Due to interspecific competition and/or complementation between intercrops, intercropping may lead to changes in plants accumulation of minerals and secondary metabolites and hence, alter nutritional quality for consumers. Intercropping aims to intensify land productivity, while ensuring that nutritional quality is not compromised...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964364/indigenous-leafy-vegetables-of-eastern-africa-a-source-of-extraordinary-secondary-plant-metabolites
#12
Susanne Neugart, Susanne Baldermann, Benard Ngwene, John Wesonga, Monika Schreiner
Indigenous African leafy vegetables vary enormously in their secondary plant metabolites whereat genus and the species have a great impact. In African nightshade (Solanum scabrum), spiderplant (Cleome gynandra), amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), Ethiopian kale (Brassica carinata) and common kale (Brassica oleracea) the specific secondary metabolite profile was elucidated and gained detailed data about carotenoids, chlorophylls, glucosinolates and phenolic compounds all having an appropriate contribution to health beneficial properties of indigenous African leafy vegetables...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949320/-bunanje-xx-century-abuse-of-atropa-belladonna-halucinogenic-berries-in-continental-croatia
#13
Zdravko Lacković
BACKGROUND: Atropa belladonna (Engl. deadly nightshade, Cro. velebilje, bunika) is a plant containing pharmacologically active, potentially toxic alkaloids: atropine, hyocyamine and scopolamine. The risk of poisoning in children is important because of possible confusion of black/dark blue belladonna fruit berries with other edible berries. There are many reports in literature of accidental intoxication but no report on traditional intentional usage to achieve hallucinogenic effects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Here we report purposeful ingestion of Atropa belladonna berries for hallucinatory effects among adolescents in Bjelovar region in north part of Croatia...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829363/solanum-trilobatum-l-ameliorate-thioacetamide-induced-oxidative-stress-and-hepatic-damage-in-albino-rats
#14
Kumar Ganesan, Kumeshini Sukalingam, Baojun Xu
Solanum trilobatum L. (Solanaceae) has been well known as nightshade, commonly used by diverse populations to heal several disorders. Earlier studies in Solanum trilobatum were focused on different pharmacological activities and a few were concerned with antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects. Thus, the current study was focused to evaluate the antioxidant potential and hepatoprotective effects of S. trilobatum L. on thioacetamide (TAA) intoxication in Wistar albino rats. The rats were kept into four groups and six animals each...
August 22, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704260/%C3%AE-solanine-reverses-pulmonary-vascular-remodeling-and-vascular-angiogenesis-in-experimental-pulmonary-artery-hypertension
#15
Xiaowei Nie, Youai Dai, Jianxin Tan, Yuan Chen, Guowei Qin, Wenjun Mao, Jian Zou, Yanhua Chang, Qian Wang, Jingyu Chen
OBJECTIVE: Similar to cancer, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by vascular remodeling, which leads to obliteration of the small pulmonary arteriole, with marked proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and/or endothelial cells dysfunction. Aberrant expression of tumor suppressor genes is closely associated with susceptibility to PAH. We hypothesized that α-solanine, a glycoalkaloid found in members of the nightshade family known to have antitumor activity in different cancers, reverses experimental PAH by activating the tumor suppressor-axis inhibition protein 2 (AXIN2)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667817/solanum-dulcamara-s-response-to-eggs-of-an-insect-herbivore-comprises-ovicidal-hydrogen-peroxide-production
#16
Daniel Geuss, Sandra Stelzer, Tobias Lortzing, Anke Steppuhn
Plants can respond to insect oviposition, but little is known about which responses directly target the insect eggs and how. Here, we reveal a mechanism by which the bittersweet nightshade Solanum dulcamara kills the eggs of a generalist noctuid herbivore. The plant responded at the site of oviposition by Spodoptera exigua with formation of neoplasms and chlorotic tissue, accumulation of reactive oxygen species and induction of defence genes and proteins. Transcriptome analysis revealed that these responses were reflected in the transcriptional reprogramming of the egg-laden leaf...
July 1, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649072/investigation-of-composition-extracts-biological-activities-and-optimization-of-solanum-nigrum-l-extraction-growing-in-iran
#17
Akbar Esmaeili, Abdul Rahman Tahazadeh, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimzadeh
Raw materials including medicinal plants are gaining popularity for the production of reliable and safe medicines suitable for human. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) is a collection of mathematical and statistical techniques used for solving the optimization problems. Using the RSM method, compounds, extracts, antioxidant and antibacterial agents of methanol, hexane, chloroform and water extracts of black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) found in Iran, had been studied for this research. GC and GC/MS had been used to determine the composition of the extracts from the aerial parts of S...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612694/-anticholinergic-syndrome-caused-by-contaminated-herbal-tea-acting-swiftly-to-identify-the-source
#18
C Oerlemans, I de Vries, A J H P van Riel
BACKGROUND: Despite good manufacturing practice and quality control, consumer products can become contaminated. In some cases, this can result in severe and life-threatening intoxication with potentially fatal consequences. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 27-year-old man and a 28-year-old pregnant woman presented to the Emergency Department with severe anticholinergic syndrome after using a marshmallow root (Althaea officinalis) herbal remedy, mixed into hot chocolate drink, to reduce symptoms of common cold...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526915/dietary-behaviors-in-psoriasis-patient-reported-outcomes-from-a-u-s-national-survey
#19
Ladan Afifi, Melissa J Danesh, Kristina M Lee, Kevin Beroukhim, Benjamin Farahnik, Richard S Ahn, Di Yan, Rasnik K Singh, Mio Nakamura, John Koo, Wilson Liao
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis patients demonstrate high interest in the role of diet on their skin condition. However, data are lacking to describe dietary interventions among psoriasis patients and associated outcomes. This study aims to identify common dietary habits, interventions and perceptions among patients with psoriasis, and to examine patient-reported skin outcomes in response to these interventions. METHODS: We administered a 61-question survey to the National Psoriasis Foundation membership asking psoriasis patients about dietary habits, modifications, skin responses, and perceptions...
June 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505182/using-nextrad-sequencing-to-infer-movement-of-herbivores-among-host-plants
#20
Zhen Fu, Brendan Epstein, Joanna L Kelley, Qi Zheng, Alan O Bergland, Carmen I Castillo Carrillo, Andrew S Jensen, Jennifer Dahan, Alexander V Karasev, William E Snyder
Herbivores often move among spatially interspersed host plants, tracking high-quality resources through space and time. This dispersal is of particular interest for vectors of plant pathogens. Existing molecular tools to track such movement have yielded important insights, but often provide insufficient genetic resolution to infer spread at finer spatiotemporal scales. Here, we explore the use of Nextera-tagmented reductively-amplified DNA (NextRAD) sequencing to infer movement of a highly-mobile winged insect, the potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli), among host plants...
2017: PloS One
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