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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434185/can-targeted-policies-reduce-obesity-and-improve-obesity-related-behaviours-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-populations-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
D L Olstad, R Ancilotto, M Teychenne, L M Minaker, D R Taber, K D Raine, C I J Nykiforuk, K Ball
This review synthesized evidence from controlled studies pertaining to the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged children and adults. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Equity guidelines were followed. Eligible studies were published from 2004 to August 2015 and examined the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged populations...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431549/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-abdominal-but-not-general-obesity-among-iranian-children
#2
Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lacking for the Middle East. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and general or abdominal obesity in Iranian children in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric data including height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained nutritionists...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425230/attitudes-wishes-and-needs-of-diabetes-patients-and-their-relatives-turkish-data-from-the-dawn2-study
#3
İlhan Tarkun, Suzan Dumanli Özgöksu
BACKGROUND/AIM: The DAWN2 (Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes, and Needs) study was conducted in order to ascertain the wishes, needs, and attitudes of diabetes patients, their relatives, and healthcare professionals. The study was conducted across 17 countries, including Turkey, and its objective was to introduce policies that could successfully meet these requirements. In this article, the needs, wishes, and attitudes of diabetes patients and their relatives in Turkey are compared with those from other countries...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424061/young-people-mental-health-practitioners-and-researchers-co-produce-a-transition-preparation-programme-to-improve-outcomes-and-experience-for-young-people-leaving-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-camhs
#4
Valerie Dunn
BACKGROUND: In the UK young people attending child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) are required to move on, either through discharge or referral to an adult service, at age 17/18, a period of increased risk for onset of mental health problems and other complex psychosocial and physical changes. CAMHS transitions are often poorly managed with negative outcomes for young people. Better preparation may improve outcomes and experience. This study aimed to co-produce, with young people who had transitioned or were facing transition from CAMHS, a CAMHS Transition Preparation Programme (TPP), deliverable in routine NHS settings...
April 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422562/from-perception-to-action-the-mediating-role-of-parental-safety-concerns-on-adolescents-physical-activity
#5
Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo
BACKGROUND: Parental safety concerns have been recognized as a critical determinant of adolescents' physical activity. However, it is still uncertain what factors relate to parental safety concern, and how they, in turn, affect adolescents' physical activity. This study explored the mediating relationships of parental safety concern on adolescents' physical activity by considering personal, social, and built environmental factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis used the data from Growing Up in Ireland (GUI), a national study (N=5,212)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422123/role-of-lifestyle-factors-in-the-epidemic-of-diabetes-lessons-learnt-from-india
#6
REVIEW
M Deepa, R M Anjana, V Mohan
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing steadily globally with the largest increases occurring in developing countries like India. This is attributed to the changes in the lifestyle factors, including physical inactivity and unhealthy diet, both of which are modifiable. Existing evidence suggests that increasing physical activity reduces the risk of T2D. Improving the built environment can make it more conducive to people to increase physical activity. There is also a rapid nutrition transition with consumption of diets with higher intake of refined grains, higher fat, increased consumption of sugar and sweetened beverages, and lower intake of fruits and vegetables...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420189/demographic-and-environmental-factors-associated-with-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Jayeun Kim, Ho Kim
Relevant demographic and environmental conditions need to be understood before tailoring policies to improve mental health. Using community health survey data from 25 communities in Seoul, 2013, cross-sectional associations between mental health and community level environments were assessed. Mental health outcomes (self-rated stress levels (SRS) and depressive symptoms (DS)) were analyzed. Community environmental factors included green space, green facilities, and annual PM10 level (AnnPM10); socio-demographic factors included sex, age, education, labor market participation, comorbidity, sleep hours, physical activity, smoking, and drinking...
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417301/overview-of-coronary-heart-disease-risk-initiatives-in-south-asia
#8
REVIEW
Ankur Kalra, Deepak L Bhatt, Sanjay Rajagopalan, Kunal Suri, Sundeep Mishra, Romaina Iqbal, Salim S Virani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Industrialization and economic growth have led to an unprecedented increment in the burden of CVD and their risk factors in less industrialized regions of the world. While there are abundant data on CVD and their risk factors from longitudinal cohort studies done in the West, good-quality data from South Asia are lacking. RECENT FINDINGS: Several multi-institutional, observational, prospective registries, and epidemiologic cohorts in South Asia have been established to systematically evaluate the burden of CVD and their risk factors...
June 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413842/-i-do-not-have-time-is-there-a-handout-i-can-use-combining-physicians-needs-and-behavior-change-theory-to-put-physical-activity-evidence-into-practice
#9
R E Clark, C McArthur, A Papaioannou, A M Cheung, J Laprade, L Lee, R Jain, L M Giangregorio
Guidelines for physical activity exist and following them would improve health. Physicians can advise patients on physical activity. We found barriers related to physicians' knowledge, a lack of tools and of physician incentives, and competing demands for limited time with a patient. We discuss interventions that could reduce these barriers. INTRODUCTION: Uptake of physical activity (PA) guidelines would improve health and reduce mortality in older adults. However, physicians face barriers in guideline implementation, particularly when faced with needing to tailor recommendations in the presence of chronic disease...
April 17, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407367/a-review-of-early-influences-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-of-preschool-age-children-in-high-income-countries
#10
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Tatiana Mesa, Carlos F Salas
PURPOSE: Promoting physical activity (PA) is a key component of preventing and controlling childhood obesity. Despite well-documented benefits of PA, globally, rates of PA among young children have declined over the past decades, and most children are not accruing sufficient PA daily. Helping children develop the foundation for PA habits early in life is critical for the promotion of health in childhood and prevention of chronic diseases later in life, and will ultimately promote longer and healthier lives for individuals and the general population...
April 13, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407101/early-life-exposures-and-adult-cancer-risk
#11
Megan A Clarke, Corinne E Joshu
Very little is known about the influence of early life exposures on adult cancer risk. The purpose of this narrative review was to summarize the epidemiologic evidence relating early life tobacco use, obesity, diet, and physical activity to adult cancer risk; describe relevant theoretical frameworks and methodological strategies for studying early life exposures; and discuss policies and research initiatives focused on early life. Our findings suggest that in utero exposures may indirectly influence cancer risk by modifying biological pathways associated with carcinogenesis; however, more research is needed to firmly establish these associations...
April 12, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#12
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404478/factors-affecting-participation-decision-and-amount-of-physical-activity-among-urban-dwellers-in-malaysia
#13
Y K Cheah, M Azahadi, S N Phang, N Hazilah
OBJECTIVES: The rapid rise in the prevalence of physical inactivity-related diseases has become a serious public health issue worldwide. The objective of the present study is to examine the factors affecting participation in physical activity among urban dwellers in Malaysia. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study measures physical activity using a rigorous regression model. METHODS: Data are obtained from the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011 (NHMS 2011)...
February 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399585/-recommendations-for-physical-activity-promotion-theory-and-evidence
#14
Alfred Rütten, Karim Abu-Omar, Sven Messing
This article defines a framework for the development of recommendations for physical activity promotion. It aims to provide a theoretical foundation and rationale for classifications of physical activity promotion and approaches for the evidence base of recommendations. Perspectives from contrasting scientific disciplines were compared regarding their theoretical approach for physical activity promotion and their influence on possible classifications. In addition, various approaches of an evidence base were analyzed and integrated into a differentiated concept for the evidence base of recommendations...
March 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396301/timely-digital-patient-clinician-communication-in-specialist-clinical-services-for-young-people-a-mixed-methods-study-the-lync-study
#15
Frances Griffiths, Carol Bryce, Jonathan Cave, Melina Dritsaki, Joseph Fraser, Kathryn Hamilton, Caroline Huxley, Agnieszka Ignatowicz, Sung Wook Kim, Peter K Kimani, Jason Madan, Anne-Marie Slowther, Mark Sujan, Jackie Sturt
BACKGROUND: Young people (aged 16-24 years) with long-term health conditions can disengage from health services, resulting in poor health outcomes, but clinicians in the UK National Health Service (NHS) are using digital communication to try to improve engagement. Evidence of effectiveness of this digital communication is equivocal. There are gaps in evidence as to how it might work, its cost, and ethical and safety issues. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to understand how the use of digital communication between young people with long-term conditions and their NHS specialist clinicians changes engagement of the young people with their health care; and to identify costs and necessary safeguards...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392933/improved-parental-dietary-quality-is-associated-with-children-s-dietary-intake-through-the-home-environment
#16
K R Flórez, A S Richardson, M B Ghosh-Dastidar, R Beckman, C Huang, L Wagner, T Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Improving access to supermarkets has been shown to improve some dietary outcomes, yet there is little evidence for such effects on children. Relatedly, there is a dearth of research assessing the impact of a structural change (i.e. supermarket in a former food desert) on the home environment and its relationship with children's diet. OBJECTIVE: Assess the relative impact of the home environment on children's diet after the introduction of a new supermarket in a food desert...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389127/participatory-quantitative-health-impact-assessment-of-urban-and-transport-planning-in-cities-a-review-and-research-needs
#17
REVIEW
Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis, Ersilia Verlinghieri, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Urban and transport planning have large impacts on public health, but these are generally not explicitly considered and/or quantified, partly because there are no comprehensive models, methods and tools readily available. Air pollution, noise, temperature, green space, motor vehicle crashes and physical activity are important pathways linking urban and transport planning and public health. For policy decision-making, it is important to understand and be able to quantify the full-chain from source through pathways to health effects and impacts to substantiate and effectively target actions...
April 4, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388362/sedentary-behavior-and-health-broadening-the-knowledge-base-and-strengthening-the-science
#18
Nyssa Hadgraft, Neville Owen
We provide an overview of a recently published, edited book in a rapidly emerging field of research, policy, and practice for physical activity: Sedentary Behavior and Health. In this commentary, we highlight the broad perspectives provided in the 27 chapters of Sedentary Behavior and Health and suggest a research strategy to move the field forward-not only with scientific rigor, but also with breadth of scholarship. The book's chapters provide an overview of the background to and contexts for sedentary behavior and health...
April 7, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388271/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-the-risk-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-school-aged-children
#19
Eimear Keane, Xia Li, Janas M Harrington, Anthony P Fitzgerald, Ivan J Perry, Patricia M Kearney
PURPOSE: Globally, public health policies are targeting modifiable lifestyle behaviours. We explore the independent association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour on the risk of childhood overweight/obesity. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of children aged 8-11 years (N=826). Objective body mass index was used to classify children as normal weight or overweight/obese. Children wore wrist-worn Geneactiv accelerometers for 7-days and thresholds were applied to categorise MVPA and sedentary time...
April 7, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383513/relative-association-of-multi-level-supportive-environments-on-poor-health-among-older-adults
#20
Nelda Mier, Marcia G Ory, Samuel D Towne, Matthew Lee Smith
Background: The aging of the United States population poses significant challenges to American healthcare and informal caregiving systems. Additional research is needed to understand how health promotion programs and policies based on a socio-ecological perspective impact the health and well-being of older persons. The purpose of this study was to investigate personal characteristics and supportive environments associated with poor health among older individuals aged 65 and over. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design and was guided by a conceptual framework developed by the authors to depict the relationship between personal characteristics and environments associated with poor health status...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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