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Physical activity policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735455/examining-the-role-of-income-inequality-and-neighborhood-walkability-on-obesity-and-physical-activity-among-low-income-hispanic-adults
#1
Samuel D Towne, Michael L Lopez, Yajuan Li, Matthew Lee Smith, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans, Marcia G Ory
Obesity is a major public health issue affecting rising medical costs and contributing to morbidity and premature mortality. We aimed to identify factors that may play a role in obesity and physical activity at the individual and environmental/neighborhood levels. We analyzed data from an adult sample who were parents of students enrolled in a school-based health and wellness program. The sample was restricted to those who were Hispanic and whose children were on free/reduced lunch (n = 377). Dependent variables: body mass index (BMI); neighborhood walkability...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730062/challenges-faced-by-women-with-disabilities-in-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-zimbabwe-the-case-of-chitungwiza-town
#2
Tafadzwa Rugoho, France Maphosa
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities in Zimbabwe face numerous challenges in accessing sexual and reproductive health. Cultural belief still regards them as not sexually active. The government has also failed to promote policies that facilitate access to sexual and reproductive services by women with disabilities. OBJECTIVES: The reseach objectives were to explore the challenges faced by women with disabilities in accessing sexual and reproductive health in Zimbabwe...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724390/examining-the-impact-of-a-province-wide-physical-education-policy-on-secondary-students-physical-activity-as-a-natural-experiment
#3
Erin Hobin, Tannis Erickson, Melisa Comte, Fei Zuo, Saamir Pasha, Donna Murnaghan, Steve Manske, Catherine Casey, Jane Griffith, Jonathan McGavock
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of a province-wide physical education (PE) policy on secondary school students' moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). METHODS: Policy: In fall 2008, Manitoba expanded a policy requiring a PE credit for students in grades 11 and 12 for the first time in Canada. The PE curriculum requires grades 11 and 12 students to complete a minimum of 55 h (50% of course hours) of MVPA (e.g., ≥30 min/day of MVPA on ≥5 days a week) during a 5-month semester to achieve the course credit...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720109/cancer-related-fatigue-implementing-guidelines-for-optimal-management
#4
Elizabeth J M Pearson, Meg E Morris, Carol E McKinstry
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a key concern for people living with cancer and can impair physical functioning and activities of daily living. Evidence-based guidelines for CRF are available, yet inconsistently implemented globally. This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers to applying a cancer fatigue guideline and to derive implementation strategies. METHODS: A mixed-method study explored the feasibility of implementing the CRF guideline developed by the Canadian Association for Psychosocial Oncology (CAPO)...
July 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717827/individual-and-environmental-correlates-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-adults-from-curitiba-brazil
#5
Priscila Bezerra Gonçalves, Pedro Curi Hallal, Adriano Akira Ferreira Hino, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the association of individual and neighborhood environment characteristics and objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) in adults from Curitiba, Brazil. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted through face-to-face household interviews in 2010. The analytic sample included 305 adults aged 20-65 years recruited from 32 census tracts selected according to neighborhood walkability and socioeconomic status...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715989/use-and-effectiveness-of-behavioural-economics-in-interventions-for-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-policy-implications
#6
Oana M Blaga, Livia Vasilescu, Razvan M Chereches
AIM: There is limited evidence on what behavioural economics strategies are effective and can be used to inform non-communicable diseases (NCDs) public health policies designed to reduce overeating, excessive drinking, smoking, and physical inactivity. The aim of the review is to examine the evidence on the use and effectiveness of behavioural economics insights on reducing NCDs lifestyle risk factors. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and EconLit were searched for studies published between January 2002 and July 2016 and reporting empirical, non-pharmacological, interventional research focusing on reducing at least one NCDs lifestyle risk factor by employing a behavioural economics perspective...
July 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714221/social-participation-among-older-adults-55-results-of-a-survey-in-the-region-of-south-limburg-in-the-netherlands
#7
Nicole Curvers, Milena Pavlova, KlaasJan Hajema, Wim Groot, Federica Angeli
Social participation may improve the health and well-being of older adults, and may increase the social and human capacity of their communities. This study investigates the level and forms of social participation among older adults (aged 55 years or older) in the region of South Limburg, the Netherlands, and their association with socio-demographic and health-related characteristics. The study provides evidence that can be used by policy makers to enhance social participation in the region. We use cross-sectional data collected in a survey in 2012 among a sample of older adults (aged 55 years or older) representative for the region of South Limburg...
July 16, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710141/perspective-improving-nutritional-guidelines-for-sustainable-health-policies-current-status-and-perspectives
#8
Paolo Magni, Dennis M Bier, Sergio Pecorelli, Carlo Agostoni, Arne Astrup, Furio Brighenti, Robert Cook, Emanuela Folco, Luigi Fontana, Robert A Gibson, Ranieri Guerra, Gordon H Guyatt, John Pa Ioannidis, Ann S Jackson, David M Klurfeld, Maria Makrides, Basil Mathioudakis, Alessandro Monaco, Chirag J Patel, Giorgio Racagni, Holger J Schünemann, Raanan Shamir, Niv Zmora, Andrea Peracino
A large body of evidence supports the notion that incorrect or insufficient nutrition contributes to disease development. A pivotal goal is thus to understand what exactly is appropriate and what is inappropriate in food ingestion and the consequent nutritional status and health. The effective application of these concepts requires the translation of scientific information into practical approaches that have a tangible and measurable impact at both individual and population levels. The agenda for the future is expected to support available methodology in nutrition research to personalize guideline recommendations, properly grading the quality of the available evidence, promoting adherence to the well-established evidence hierarchy in nutrition, and enhancing strategies for appropriate vetting and transparent reporting that will solidify the recommendations for health promotion...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705242/non-communicable-diseases-and-related-risk-behaviors-among-men-and-women-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Pheak Chhoun, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Khuondyla Pal, Martin Steel, Jennifer Dionisio, Hattie Pearson, Gitau Mburu, Carinne Brody, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern for an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in people living with HIV. This concern is evident especially in developing countries where dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with NCDs are becoming more prominent. This study explored the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia and related risk factors in men and women living with HIV in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 510 adult people living with HIV randomly selected from one city and four provinces in Cambodia...
July 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699840/distributed-improvisation-a-systems-perspective-of-improvisation-epics-by-led-outdoor-activity-leaders
#10
Margaret J Trotter, Paul M Salmon, Natassia Goode, Michael G Lenné
Improvisation represents the spontaneous and real-time conception and execution of a novel response to an unanticipated situation. In order to benefit from the positive safety potential of this phenomenon, it is necessary to understand what influences its appropriateness and effectiveness. This study has applied the system-based methodology Impromaps to analysing accounts of improvisation aimed at mitigating adverse safety outcomes. These accounts were obtained from led outdoor activity leaders through critical decision method interviews...
July 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696407/country-and-gender-specific-achievement-of-healthy-nutrition-and-physical-activity-guidelines-latent-class-analysis-of-6266-university-students-in-egypt-libya-and-palestine
#11
Walid El Ansari, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff
Research on healthy behaviour such as physical activity and healthy nutrition and their combination is lacking among university students in Arab countries. The current survey assessed healthy nutrition, and moderate/vigorous physical activity (PA) of 6266 students in Egypt, Libya, and Palestine. We computed a nutrition guideline achievement index using WHO recommendation, as well as the achievement of PA recommendations using guidelines for adults of the American Heart Association guidelines. Latent class regression analysis identified homogenous groups of male and female students, based on their achievements of both guidelines...
July 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693484/active-children-through-individual-vouchers-evaluation-active-protocol-for-a-mixed-method-randomised-control-trial-to-increase-physical-activity-levels-in-teenagers
#12
Michaela James, Danielle Christian, Samantha Scott, Charlotte Todd, Gareth Stratton, Sarah McCoubrey, Julian Halcox, Suzanne Audrey, Elizabeth Ellins, Sinead Brophy
BACKGROUND: Many teenagers are insufficiently active despite the health benefits of physical activity (PA). There is strong evidence to show that inactivity and low fitness levels increase the risk of non-communicable diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD), type 2 diabetes and breast and colon cancers (Lee et al. Lancet 380:219-29, 2012). A major barrier facing adolescents is accessibility (e.g. cost and lack of local facilities). The ACTIVE project aims to tackle this barrier through a multi-faceted intervention, giving teenagers vouchers to spend on activities of their choice and empowering young people to improve their fitness and PA levels...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693034/large-scale-physical-activity-data-reveal-worldwide-activity-inequality
#13
Tim Althoff, Rok Sosič, Jennifer L Hicks, Abby C King, Scott L Delp, Jure Leskovec
To be able to curb the global pandemic of physical inactivity and the associated 5.3 million deaths per year, we need to understand the basic principles that govern physical activity. However, there is a lack of large-scale measurements of physical activity patterns across free-living populations worldwide. Here we leverage the wide usage of smartphones with built-in accelerometry to measure physical activity at the global scale. We study a dataset consisting of 68 million days of physical activity for 717,527 people, giving us a window into activity in 111 countries across the globe...
July 10, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691637/sociodemographic-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-screen-time-among-adolescents-in-canada-and-guatemala-results-from-the-compass-system
#14
Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Scott T Leatherdale, Valerie Carson
This study was to compare the levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) between Canadian and Guatemalan adolescents, and to examine associations of sociodemographic variables with PA and screen time among adolescents in Canada and Guatemala. Self-reported, cross-sectional data from students in grades 9-12 who participated in the 2015 COMPASS study (Canada; n = 39,817; mean age = 15.6 years) and COMPASS-Guatemala ( n = 1,221; mean age = 15.1 years) were used. Sociodemographic variables included age, gender, ethnicity (exclusively among Canadians), and weekly money allowance...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688728/community-policies-and-programs-to-prevent-obesity-and-child-adiposity
#15
Edward A Frongillo, Stephen B Fawcett, Lorrene D Ritchie, S Sonia Arteaga, Catherine M Loria, Russell R Pate, Lisa V John, Warren J Strauss, Maria Gregoriou, Vicki L Collie-Akers, Jerry A Schultz, Andrew J Landgraf, Jyothi Nagaraja
INTRODUCTION: Evidence regarding impact of community policies and programs (CPPs) to prevent child obesity is limited, and which combinations of strategies and components are most important is not understood. The Healthy Communities Study was an observational study to assess relationships of characteristics and intensity of CPPs with adiposity, diet, and physical activity in children, taking advantage of variation across the U.S. in community actions to prevent child obesity. The study examined the association of CPPs to prevent child obesity with measured BMI and waist circumference, hypothesizing that communities with more-comprehensive CPPs would have children with lower adiposity...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686064/awareness-treatment-control-of-hypertension-and-associated-factors-results-from-a-turkish-national-study
#16
Ilker Dastan, Aysegul Erem, Volkan Cetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Despite the fact that hypertension (HT) can be diagnosed and easily treated, it is frequently not handled well throughout the world, and as a developing country in Turkey. The objective of this study was to assess the factors associated with the awareness, treatment, and control of HT in Turkey. METHODS: Data came from Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Survey, comprising a nationally representative sample of 12,971 individuals, conducted by the Turkish Ministry of Health in 2011...
July 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672128/exploring-pathways-linking-greenspace-to-health-theoretical-and-methodological-guidance
#17
REVIEW
Iana Markevych, Julia Schoierer, Terry Hartig, Alexandra Chudnovsky, Perry Hystad, Angel M Dzhambov, Sjerp de Vries, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Michael Brauer, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Gerd Lupp, Elizabeth A Richardson, Thomas Astell-Burt, Donka Dimitrova, Xiaoqi Feng, Maya Sadeh, Marie Standl, Joachim Heinrich, Elaine Fuertes
BACKGROUND: In a rapidly urbanizing world, many people have little contact with natural environments, which may affect health and well-being. Existing reviews generally conclude that residential greenspace is beneficial to health. However, the processes generating these benefits and how they can be best promoted remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: During an Expert Workshop held in September 2016, the evidence linking greenspace and health was reviewed from a transdisciplinary standpoint, with a particular focus on potential underlying biopsychosocial pathways and how these can be explored and organized to support policy-relevant population health research...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662674/evaluation-of-a-knowledge-transfer-scheme-to-improve-policy-making-and-practices-in-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention-setting-in-french-regions-a-realist-study-protocol
#18
Linda Cambon, Audrey Petit, Valery Ridde, Christian Dagenais, Marion Porcherie, Jeanine Pommier, Chrisine Ferron, Laetitia Minary, François Alla
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based decision-making and practice are pivotal in public health. However, barriers do persist and they relate to evidence properties, organisations and contexts. To address these major knowledge transfer (KT) issues, we need to rethink how knowledge is produced and used, to enhance our understanding of decision-making processes, logics and mechanisms and to examine the ability of public health services to integrate research findings into their decisions and operations...
June 29, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662018/walking-for-transportation-or-leisure-among-u-s-women-and-men-national-health-interview-survey-2005-2015
#19
Emily N Ussery, Susan A Carlson, Geoffrey P Whitfield, Kathleen B Watson, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
Physical activity confers considerable health benefits, but only half of U.S. adults report participating in levels of aerobic physical activity consistent with guidelines (1,2). Step It Up! The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities identified walking as an important public health strategy to increase physical activity levels (3). A previous report showed that the self-reported prevalence of walking for transportation or leisure increased by 6 percentage points from 2005 to 2010 (4), but it is unknown whether this increase has been sustained...
June 30, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661463/nutrition-transition-and-biocultural-determinants-of-obesity-among-cameroonian-migrants-in-urban-cameroon-and-france
#20
Emmanuel Cohen, Norbert Amougou, Amandine Ponty, Juliette Loinger-Beck, Téodyl Nkuintchua, Nicolas Monteillet, Jonathan Y Bernard, Rihlat Saïd-Mohamed, Michelle Holdsworth, Patrick Pasquet
Native of rural West Cameroon, the Bamiléké population is traditionally predisposed to obesity. Bamiléké who migrated to urban areas additionally experience the nutrition transition. We investigated the biocultural determinants of obesity in Bamiléké who migrated to urban Cameroon (Yaoundé), or urban France (Paris). We conducted qualitative interviews (n = 36; 18 men) and a quantitative survey (n = 627; 266 men) of adults using two-stage sampling strategy, to determine the association of dietary intake, physical activity and body weight norms with obesity of Bamiléké populations in these three socio-ecological areas (rural Cameroon: n = 258; urban Cameroon: n = 319; urban France: n = 50)...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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