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Physical activity policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784038/chronic-traumatic-ankle-and-foot-osteomyelitis-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#1
Maryam Hosseini, Mostafa Allami, Mohammadreza Soroush, Fateme Babaha, Javad Minooeefar, Davood Rahimpoor
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis (OM) is an atypical consequence of ankle-foot trauma which is associated with long-term mental and physical morbidity and persistent pain. This study aimed to assess the health status of OM patients with war-related ankle-foot injuries. METHODS: A total of 1129 veterans with ankle-foot injuries participated in a case-control study (2014-2016). Thirty patients with chronic OM of the ankle-foot were compared with 90 non-OM participants as the control group...
May 15, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782353/implementing-best-practice-into-the-emergency-department-triage-process
#2
Luke Burgess, Kathryn Kynoch, Sonia Hines
BACKGROUND: Triage is the process by which emergency departments (EDs) sort patients presenting for medical treatment. The Australasian Triage Scale, validated to measure urgency, answers the question 'This patient should wait for medical assessment and treatment no longer than…' Multiple patients may present within short time frames, and some will have conditions that have outcomes directly related to timeliness of treatment such as stroke, sepsis and myocardial infarction. The safety of patients within the ED is thus directly related to the triage system...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776780/racial-disparities-in-cardiovascular-health-behaviors-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-study
#3
Kara M Whitaker, David R Jacobs, Kiarri N Kershaw, Ryan T Demmer, John N Booth, April P Carson, Cora E Lewis, David C Goff, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Catarina I Kiefe
INTRODUCTION: There are known racial differences in cardiovascular health behaviors, including smoking, physical activity, and diet quality. A better understanding of these differences may help identify intervention targets for reducing cardiovascular disease disparities. This study examined whether socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood environmental factors, in isolation or together, mediate racial differences in health behaviors. METHODS: Participants were 3,081 men and women from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study who were enrolled in 1985-1986 (Year 0) and completed a follow-up examination in 2015-2016 (Year 30)...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774241/active-learning-increases-children-s-physical-activity-across-demographic-subgroups
#4
John B Bartholomew, Esbelle M Jowers, Gregory Roberts, Anna-Mária Fall, Vanessa L Errisuriz, Sharon Vaughn
Purpose: Given the need to find more opportunities for physical activity within the elementary school day, this study was designed to asses the impact of I-CAN!, active lessons on: 1) student physical activity (PA) outcomes via accelerometry; and 2) socioeconomic status (SES), race, sex, body mass index (BMI), or fitness as moderators of this impact. Methods: Participants were 2,493 fourth grade students (45.9% male, 45.8% white, 21.7% low SES) from 28 central Texas elementary schools randomly assigned to intervention (n=19) or control (n=9)...
January 2018: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769054/factors-associated-with-social-participation-amongst-elders-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-analysis
#5
Celeste Marsh, Paul A Agius, Gamini Jayakody, Roshan Shajehan, Chandima Abeywickrema, Kelly Durrant, Stanley Luchters, Wendy Holmes
BACKGROUND: Populations of low and middle-income countries are ageing rapidly; there is a need for policies that support an increase in the duration of old age lived in good health. There is growing evidence that social participation protects against morbidity and mortality, but few studies explore patterns of social participation. Analysis of baseline quantitative and qualitative data from a trial of the impact of Elders' Clubs on health and well-being in the hill country of Sri Lanka provided an opportunity to better understand the extent of, and influences on, social participation among elders...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768606/quality-of-life-and-levels-of-physical-activity-of-residents-living-in-therapeutic-residential-care-facilities-in-southern-brazil
#6
Simone Karine Klein, Aline Fofonka, Alice Hirdes, Maria Helena Vianna Metello Jacob
Interest in the quality of life of people with mental disorders living in therapeutic residential care facilities is an important indicator for the evaluation of therapeutic interventions in the area of health. Physical activity can contribute to a good quality of life. This study evaluated the quality of life and levels of physical activity of people living in therapeutic residential care facilities in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre. This case series study (n = 68) used SF-36, EuroQol and IPAQ and social-demographic questions...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767384/understanding-physical-activity-through-interactions-between-the-built-environment-and-social-cognition-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Ryan E Rhodes, Brian E Saelens, Claire Sauvage-Mar
BACKGROUND: Few people in most developed nations engage in regular physical activity (PA), despite its well-established health benefits. Socioecological models highlight the potential interaction of multiple factors from policy and the built environment to individual social cognition in explaining PA. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to appraise this interaction tenet of the socioecological model between the built environment and social cognition to predict PA...
May 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#8
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764488/interventions-to-improve-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-groups-an-umbrella-review
#9
REVIEW
Melinda Craike, Glen Wiesner, Toni A Hilland, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea
BACKGROUND: People from socioeconomically disadvantaged population groups are less likely to be physically active and more likely to experience adverse health outcomes than those who are less disadvantaged. In this umbrella review we examined across all age groups, (1) the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, (2) the characteristics of effective interventions, and (3) directions for future research. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were searched up to May 2017 to identify systematic reviews reporting physical activity interventions in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations or sub-groups...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763810/forensic-drug-intelligence-and-the-rise-of-cryptomarkets-part-ii-combination-of-data-from-the-physical-and-virtual-markets
#10
Marie Morelato, Julian Broséus, Adrian De Grazia, Mark Tahtouh, Pierre Esseiva, Claude Roux
Technology provides new ways to access customers and suppliers while enhancing the security of off-line criminal activity. Since the first cryptomarket, Silk Road, in 2011, cryptomarkets have transformed the traditional drug sale by facilitating the creation of a global network of vendors and buyers. Due to the fragmented nature of traces that result from illegal activities, combining the results of concurrent processes based on traces of different nature should provide supplementary benefit to understand the drug market...
May 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761283/cardiovascular-disease-in-the-nation-s-capital-how-policy-and-the-built-environment-contribute-to-disparities-in-cvd-risk-factors-in-washington-d-c
#11
REVIEW
Phillip Mauller, Lauren A Doamekpor, Crystal Reed, Kweisi Mfume
On average, Washington D.C. residents experience low levels of cardiovascular disease (CVD) behavioral risk factors compared to the rest of the country. Despite presenting as a city of low risk, CVD mortality is higher than the national average. Driving this inconsistency are vast racial disparities as Black D.C. residents die from CVD at a much higher rate than their White counterparts. A closer examination of the data also reveals significant disparities between White and Black populations with regard to behavioral risk factors...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761094/2017-dutch-report-card-results-from-the-first-physical-activity-report-card-plus-for-dutch-youth-with-a-chronic-disease-or-disability
#12
Marcella Burghard, Nynke B de Jong, Selina Vlieger, Tim Takken
Background: The Dutch Active Healthy Kids (AHK) Report Card+ (RC+ ) consolidates and translates research and assesses how the Netherlands is being responsible in providing physical activity (PA) opportunities for youth (< 18 years) with a chronic disease or disability. The aim of this article is to summarize the results of the Dutch RC+ . Methods: Nine indicators were graded using the AHK Global Alliance RC development process, which includes a synthesis of best available research, surveillance, policy and practice findings, and expert consensus...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759825/beyond-move-more-feeling-the-rhythms-of-physical-activity-in-mid-and-later-life
#13
Cassandra Phoenix, Sarah L Bell
The last two decades have seen growing unease regarding the negative health consequences of increasing levels of physical inactivity, both in the UK and further afield. Public health initiatives and interventions aimed at increasing levels of physical activity have, therefore, become somewhat commonplace. Within the current context of demographic change, with growing numbers of older adults and evidence that inactivity increases with age, these initiatives hold particular relevance to mid and later-life adults...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759009/implementation-of-policy-systems-and-environmental-community-based-interventions-for-cardiovascular-health-through-a-national-not-for-profit-a-multiple-case-study
#14
Whitney R Garney, Leigh E Szucs, Kristin Primm, Laura King Hahn, Kristen M Garcia, Emily Martin, Kenneth McLeroy
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded the American Heart Association to implement policy, systems, and environment-focused strategies targeting access to healthy food and beverages, physical activity, and smoke-free environments. METHOD: To understand factors affecting implementation and variations in success across sites, evaluators conducted a multiple case study. Based on past literature, community sites were categorized as capacity-building or implementation-ready, for comparison...
May 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757933/improving-physical-fitness-and-cognitive-functions-in-middle-school-students-study-protocol-for-the-chinese-childhood-health-activity-and-motor-performance-study-chinese-champs
#15
Zhixiong Zhou, Shanshan Dong, Jun Yin, Quan Fu, Hong Ren, Zenong Yin
Background : Sedentary lifestyles and their associated harmful consequences are public health concerns that impact more than half of the world's youth population in both developed and developing countries. Methods : The Chinese Childhood Health; Activity and Motor Performance Study (Chinese CHAMPS) was a cluster randomized controlled trial to modify school physical activity policies and the physical education (PE) curriculum; using teacher training and parent engagement to increase opportunities and support students' physical activity and healthy eating...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757256/social-networks-and-health-understanding-the-nuances-of-healthcare-access-between-urban-and-rural-populations
#16
Padmore Adusei Amoah, Joseph Edusei, David Amuzu
Communities and individuals in many sub-Saharan African countries often face limited access to healthcare. Hence, many rely on social networks to enhance their chances for adequate health care. While this knowledge is well-established, little is known about the nuances of how different population groups activate these networks to improve access to healthcare. This paper examines how rural and urban dwellers in the Ashanti Region in Ghana distinctively and systematically activate their social networks to enhance access to healthcare...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748999/the-link-between-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-increasing-academic-achievement
#17
Fiona M Asigbee, Stephen D Whitney, Catherine E Peterson
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates a link between decreased cognitive function in overweight school-aged children and improved cognitive function among students with high fitness levels and children engaging in regular physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to examine whether regular PA and proper nutrition together had a significant effect on academic achievement. METHODS: Using the seventh wave of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class 1998-99 (ECLS-K) dataset, linear regression analysis with a Jackknife resampling correction was conducted to analyze the relationship among nutrition, PA, and academic achievement, while controlling for socioeconomic status, age, and sex...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748661/one-child-policy-weight-status-lifestyles-and-parental-concerns-in-chinese-children-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Li Cai, Lizi Lin, Meixia Dai, Yajun Chen, Xiuhong Li, Jun Ma, Jin Jing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: China's one-child policy has been in place for 35 years, yet its impact on the differences of weight status including thinness and overweight/obesity, lifestyles, and parental concerns between only children (OC) and non-only children (NOC) were seldom discussed. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 62,444 children aged 6-17 years were recruited in 2013. Thinness and overweight/obesity were calculated from anthropometric measurements. Information on dietary consumption, dietary behaviors, physical activities (PA)-related behaviors, and parental concerns were obtained via questionnaires...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741412/parental-socioeconomic-instability-and-child-obesity
#19
Antwan Jones
Using data from the 1986 to 2010 National Longitudinal Study of Youth (NLSY) and the NLSY Child and Young Adult Supplement, this research explores how changes in parental socioeconomic status relate to child obesity over time. Results from linear mixed-effects models indicate that maternal educational gains and maternal employment transitions significantly increased their child's body mass index (BMI). This finding suggests that mothers who work may have less time to devote to monitoring their child's food intake and physical activity, which places their children at higher risks of becoming overweight or obese over time...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739289/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-hiv-sexual-risk-taking-behaviors-among-young-adults-in-malawi
#20
Kristin VanderEnde, Laura Chiang, James Mercy, Mary Shawa, Justin Hamela, Nankali Maksud, Sundeep Gupta, Nellie Wadonda-Kabondo, Janet Saul, Jessie Gleckel, Howard Kress, Susan Hillis
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) exhibit a dose-response association with poor health outcomes in adulthood, including HIV. In this analysis, we explored the relationship between ACEs and HIV sexual risk-taking behaviors among young adults in Malawi. We analyzed responses from sexually active 19- to 24-year-old males and females ( n = 610) participating in the Malawi Violence Against Children Survey. We tested the association between respondents' exposure to six ACEs (having experienced emotional, physical, or sexual violence; witnessing intimate partner violence or an attack in the community; one or both parents died) and infrequent condom use in the past year and multiple sexual partners in the past year...
June 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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