keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical activity policy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150314/connecting-qualitative-research-on-exercise-and-environment-to-public-health-agendas-requires-an-equity-lens
#1
Stephanie E Coen
In this commentary, I respond to the special section in Health&Place (vol. 46) on "Exercise and environment: new qualitative work to link popular practice and public health" edited by Hitchings and Latham. I argue that if qualitative research is to effectively inform public health policy and practice it cannot ignore the fact that physical activity participation is inequitable. Without building in a critical equity lens, geographers risk perpetuating the "inequality paradox"-that is, the potential for population health interventions to inadvertently exacerbate health inequalities...
November 14, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149148/current-impact-and-application-of-abuse-deterrent-opioid-formulations-in-clinical-practice
#2
Ya-Han Lee, Daniel L Brown, Hsiang-Yin Chen
BACKGROUND: Abuse-deterrent formulations (ADFs) represent one novel strategy for curbing the potential of opioid abuse. OBJECTIVE: We aim to compare and contrast the characteristics and applications of current abuse-deterrent opioid products in clinical practice. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted in databases (Pubmed Medline, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Google Scholar) and official reports. Relevant data were screened and organized into: 1) epidemiology of opioid abuse, 2) mitigation strategies for reducing opioid abuse, 3) development of ADFs, and 4) clinical experience with these formulations...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143266/-measuring-physical-literacy-and-related-constructs-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-findings
#3
REVIEW
Lowri C Edwards, Anna S Bryant, Richard J Keegan, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M Jones
BACKGROUND: The concept of physical literacy has received increased research and international attention recently. Where intervention programs and empirical research are gaining momentum, their operationalizations differ significantly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform practice in the measure/assessment of physical literacy via a systematic review of research that has assessed physical literacy (up to 14 June, 2017). METHODS: Five databases were searched using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols guidelines, with 32 published articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141646/physical-activity-and-the-environment-conceptual-review-and-framework-for-intervention-research
#4
REVIEW
Jenna Panter, Cornelia Guell, Rick Prins, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Changing the physical environment is one way to promote physical activity and improve health, but evidence on intervention effectiveness is mixed. The theoretical perspectives and conceptual issues discussed or used in evaluative studies and related literature may contribute to these inconsistencies. We aimed to advance the intervention research agenda by systematically searching for and synthesising the literature pertaining to these wider conceptual issues. METHODS: We searched for editorials, commentaries, reviews, or primary qualitative or quantitative studies in multiple disciplines by electronic searches of key databases (MEDLINE and MEDLINE In-Process, Web of Science, Cochrane Reviews, ProQuest for dissertations, Health Evidence, EPPI-Centre, TRID and NICE) and snowballing...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#5
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136493/systems-thinking-and-simulation-modeling-to-inform-childhood-obesity-policy-and-practice
#6
Kenneth E Powell, Debra L Kibbe, Rachel Ferencik, Chris Soderquist, Mary Ann Phillips, Emily Anne Vall, Karen J Minyard
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, 31.7% of Georgia adolescents in grades 9-12 were overweight or obese. Understanding the impact of policies and interventions on obesity prevalence among young people can help determine statewide public health and policy strategies. This article describes a systems model, originally launched in 2008 and updated in 2014, that simulates the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034. METHODS: In 2008, using information from peer-reviewed reports and quantitative estimates by experts in childhood obesity, physical activity, nutrition, and health economics and policy, a group of legislators, legislative staff members, and experts trained in systems thinking and system dynamics modeling constructed a model simulating the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136490/adopting-state-level-policy-to-support-physical-activity-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-s-shape-act
#7
Rodney S Lyn, Erica R Sheldon, Michael P Eriksen
Physical inactivity among children is a public health problem associated with low levels of fitness, obesity, and increased risk of chronic diseases. Public health experts have identified policies targeting physical activity as a promising strategy to address this challenge. Understanding the process by which such policies are adopted may help to facilitate progress nationally. To examine lessons learned from the passage of the Student Health and Physical Education Act in Georgia, we conducted 15 interviews with people engaged in the adoption of the act...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#8
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136195/hour-by-hour-physical-activity-patterns-of-adults-aged-45-65-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
F M Jansen, G H van Kollenburg, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, D F Ettema
Background: Limited information exists on hour-by-hour physical activity (PA) patterns among adults aged 45-65 years. Therefore, this study aimed to distinguish typical hour-by-hour PA patterns, and examined which individuals typically adopt certain PA patterns. Methods: Accelerometers measured light and moderate-vigorous PA. GIS-data provided proportions of land use within an 800 and 1600 m buffer around participant's homes. Latent class analyses were performed to distinguish PA patterns and groups of individuals with similar PA patterns...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133311/quantifying-research-output-on-poverty-and-non-communicable-disease-behavioural-risk-factors-in-low-income-and-lower-middle-income-countries-a-bibliometric-analysis
#10
Luke Nelson Allen, Nicholas Fox, Alissa Ambrose
OBJECTIVES: Low-income and lower middle-income countries (LLMICs) bear a disproportionate burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). WHO has repeatedly called for more research on poverty and NCDs in these settings, but the current situation remains unquantified. We aimed to assess research output on poverty and NCD risk factors from these countries in relation to upper middle-income and high-income countries. DESIGN: Bibliometric analysis of primary research published between 1 January 1990 and 4 May 2017...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132955/injuries-from-physical-abuse-national-survey-of-children-s-exposure-to-violence-i-iii
#11
Thomas R Simon, Anne Shattuck, Akadia Kacha-Ochana, Corinne F David-Ferdon, Sherry Hamby, Megan Henly, Melissa T Merrick, Heather A Turner, David Finkelhor
INTRODUCTION: Official data sources do not provide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with complete information on physical injury from child abuse. This analysis provides a national estimate of the percentage of children who were injured during their most recent incident of physical abuse. METHODS: Pooled data from three cross-sectional national telephone survey samples (N=13,052 children) included in the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence completed in 2008, 2011, and 2014 were used...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132081/the-relationship-between-physical-and-mental-health-a-mediation-analysis
#12
Julius Ohrnberger, Eleonora Fichera, Matt Sutton
There is a strong link between mental health and physical health, but little is known about the pathways from one to the other. We analyse the direct and indirect effects of past mental health on present physical health and past physical health on present mental health using lifestyle choices and social capital in a mediation framework. We use data on 10,693 individuals aged 50 years and over from six waves (2002-2012) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Mental health is measured by the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES) and physical health by the Activities of Daily Living (ADL)...
November 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125484/general-practice-clinical-data-help-identify-dementia-hotspots-a-novel-geospatial-analysis-approach
#13
Nasser Bagheri, Kinley Wangdi, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kaarin J Anstey
We have a poor understanding of whether dementia clusters geographically, how this occurs, and how dementia may relate to socio-demographic factors. To shed light on these important questions, this study aimed to compute a dementia risk score for individuals to assess spatial variation of dementia risk, identify significant clusters (hotspots), and explore their association with socioeconomic status. We used clinical records from 16 general practices (468 Statistical Area level 1 s, N = 14,746) from the city of west Adelaide, Australia for the duration of 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124946/factors-affecting-life-satisfaction-of-older-adults-in-turkey
#14
Sevilay S Celik, Yusuf Celik, Neset Hikmet, Mahmud M Khan
This study aimed to examine the determinants of life satisfaction of older adults in Turkey. The sample consisted of 2,959 older adults over 65 years. The effects of psychological, daily life and instrumental activity, physical health and health status, and other important variables on life satisfaction were analyzed. The variables lessening life satisfaction for older adults included poverty, a lower self-reported health status, a decline in physical health, ability to chew, ability to do household activities, and an increase in feelings of depression and feeling social withdrawn...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121794/what-factors-explain-bicycling-and-walking-for-commuting-by-elsa-brasil-participants
#15
Sheila Maria Alvim de Matos, Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Maria da Conceição C Almeida, Ciro Oliveira Queiroz, Clarice Alves Dos Santos, Rogerio Tosta de Almeida, Ianne Tayrine Martins da Silva, Rosane Harter Griep, Leila Denise Alves Ferreira Amorim, Ana Luísa Patrão, Estela M L Aquino
PURPOSE: To analyze the factors associated with commuting by bicycling and walking in adult participants from ELSA-Brasil (Longitudinal Study of Adult Health). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Six teaching/research institutions throughout Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 15 105 civil servants. MEASURES: Commuting by bicycling and walking was analyzed using the long-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121710/effects-of-living-alone-versus-with-others-and-of-housemate-type-on-smoking-drinking-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-among-elderly-people
#16
Seungmin Jeong, Sung Il Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study examined differences in health behaviors between elderly people living alone and with others; it also investigated whether the effect of living with others differs according to housemate type, namely a spouse and/or younger generations. METHODS: Gender-stratified data from the 2013 Korea Community Health Survey for individuals aged 60 to 74 living in Seoul were analyzed. Logistic regression modeling was conducted to obtain odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the outcome variables (smoking, drinking, eating salty foods, inactive lifestyle) for the variables of interest (living alone/with others, housemate type)...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117203/using-functional-data-analysis-to-understand-daily-activity-levels-and-patterns-in-primary-school-aged-children-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-uk-wide-study
#17
Francesco Sera, Lucy J Griffiths, Carol Dezateux, Marco Geraci, Mario Cortina-Borja
BACKGROUND: Temporal characterisation of physical activity in children is required for effective strategies to increase physical activity (PA). Evidence regarding determinants of physical activity in childhood and their time-dependent patterns remain inconclusive. We used functional data analysis (FDA) to model temporal profiles of daily activity, measured objectively using accelerometers, to identify diurnal and seasonal PA patterns in a nationally representative sample of primary school-aged UK children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110714/subjectively-and-objectively-assessed-social-and-physical-environmental-correlates-of-preschoolers-accelerometer-based-physical-activity
#18
Michael Eichinger, Sven Schneider, Freia De Bock
BACKGROUND: Overweight and low levels of physical activity (PA) in preschoolers are major public health concerns. However, to date only few studies have investigated subjective and objective correlates of PA across different socioecological domains in preschoolers. We therefore simultaneously investigate associations between preschoolers' objectively measured leisure-time PA and a comprehensive set of subjective and objective potential PA correlates across the behavioral, social and physical environmental domains on both family- and community-level...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110657/social-capital-and-health-in-china-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-lifestyle
#19
Xindong Xue, Mingmei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Although social capital as a key determinant of health has been well established in various studies, little is known about how lifestyle factors mediate this relationship. Understanding the cross-relationships between social capital, health, and lifestyle factors is important if health promotion policies are to be effective. The purpose of this study is to explore whether different dimensions of social capital and lifestyle factors are related, and whether lifestyle factors mediate the association between social capital and self-rated health (SRH) and psychological well-being (PWB) in China...
November 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108441/driven-to-support-individual-and-county-level-factors-associated-with-public-support-for-active-transportation-policies
#20
Angie L Cradock, Jessica L Barrett, Jamie F Chriqui, Kelly R Evenson, Karin Valentine Goins, Jeanette Gustat, Katie M Heinrich, Cynthia K Perry, Michele Scanze, Thomas L Schmid, Rachel G Tabak, M Renee Umstattd Meyer, Cheryl Valko
PURPOSE: To assess predictors of stated support for policies promoting physically active transportation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: US counties selected on county-level physical activity and obesity health status. PARTICIPANTS: Participants completing random-digit dialed telephone survey (n = 906). MEASURES: Survey measures assessed stated support for 5 policies to promote physically active transportation, access to active transportation facilities, and time spent in a car...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
keyword
keyword
68873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"