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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349255/gender-specific-associations-between-involvement-in-team-sport-culture-and-canadian-adolescents-substance-use-behavior
#1
Randy Boyes, Dylan E O'Sullivan, Brooke Linden, Michael McIsaac, William Pickett
Canadian adolescents have some of the highest rates of substance use in the world. The etiology of this phenomenon has not been fully explored, and one possible contextual determinant is involvement in sport activities that foster risk-taking behaviors through physical and social mechanisms. Using the 2013-14 Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study we therefore examined this hypothesis in a contemporary national sample of Canadian adolescents. The strength and direction of the relationship between sport and substance use varied by gender and substance, with team sport participation associated with increased binge drinking (RR 1...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347840/barriers-and-enablers-to-the-implementation-of-school-wellness-policies-an-economic-perspective
#2
Brittany R Schuler, Brit I Saksvig, Joy Nduka, Susannah Beckerman, Lea Jaspers, Maureen M Black, Erin R Hager
BACKGROUND: Local wellness policies (LWPs) are mandated among school systems to enhance nutrition/physical activity opportunities in schools. Prior research notes disparities in LWP implementation. This study uses mixed methods to examine barriers/enablers to LWP implementation, comparing responses by student body income. METHOD: Schools ( n = 744, 24 systems) completed an LWP implementation barriers/enablers survey. Semistructured interviews ( n = 20 random subsample) described barriers/enablers...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343110/can-the-physical-environment-itself-influence-neurological-patient-activity
#3
Michelle M Shannon, Marie Elf, Leonid Churilov, John Olver, Alan Pert, Julie Bernhardt
PURPOSE: To evaluate if a changed physical environment following redesign of a hospital ward influenced neurological patient physical and social activity. METHODS: A "before and after" observational design was used that included 17 acute neurological patients pre-move (median age 77 (IQR 69-85) years Ward A and 20 post-move (median age 70 (IQR 57-81) years Ward B. Observations occurred for 1 day from 08.00-17.00 using Behavioral Mapping of patient physical and social activity, and location of that activity...
January 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338794/a-systematic-review-of-group-walking-in-physically-healthy-people-to-promote-physical-activity
#4
Catherine Meads, Josephine Exley
BACKGROUND: Walking is a good way to meet physical activity guidelines. We examined the effectiveness of walking in groups compared with walking alone or inactive controls in physically healthy adults on physical activity and quality of life. (PROSPERO CRD42016033752). METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Web of Knowledge Science Citation Index, and Cochrane CENTRAL until March 2016, for any comparative studies, in physically healthy adults, of walking in groups compared with inactive controls or walking alone, reporting any measure of physical activity...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334835/national-approaches-to-promote-sports-and-physical-activity-in-adults-with-disabilities-examples-from-the-netherlands-and-canada
#5
Femke Hoekstra, Lynn Roberts, Caroline van Lindert, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Lucas H V van der Woude, Mary Ann McColl
PURPOSE: This study described how the Dutch and Canadian governments promote high performance sports, recreational sports, and physical activity (PA) among adults with disabilities on a national level. METHODS: An internet-based study was conducted to identify and select relevant documents and websites containing information about the national approach to promote disability sports and physical activities in the Netherlands and Canada. RESULTS: Both governments promote high performance sports in similar ways, but use different strategies to promote recreational sports and physical activities...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326900/development-of-strategies-for-changing-in-physical-activity-behaviors-on-older-adults-with-disabilities
#6
Kyo-Man Koo, Chae-Hee Park, Chun-Jong Kim
The purpose of this study was to develop strategies for promoting physical activity for the disabled older adults who were in the transtheoretical model of precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages about participating physical activities for promoting healthy life-styles. In order to achieve this goal, we developed a preliminary strategy for promoting physical activity for the elderly with disabilities based on the data gathered through the ground-work studies and the results of the research on the changes of the exercise behavior directly investigated from the elderly with disabilities...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325398/health-priorities-in-french-speaking-swiss-cantons
#7
Philippe Chastonay, Jean Simos, Nicolas Cantoreggi, Rudolf Zurkinden, Thomas Mattig
In Switzerland, the federal authorities, the cantons, and the communes share the responsibility of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion policies. Yet, the cantons are in most health matters independent in their decisions, thus defining as a matter of fact their own health priorities. We examined and analysed the content of the disease prevention and health promotion plans elaborated during the last decade in six French-speaking cantons with different political contexts and resources, but quite similar population health data, in order to identify the set health priorities...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321051/midwives-respect-and-disrespect-of-women-during-facility-based-childbirth-in-urban-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#8
Kana Shimoda, Shigeko Horiuchi, Sebalda Leshabari, Yoko Shimpuku
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, facility-based childbirths in Tanzania have only minimally increased by 10% partly because of healthcare providers' disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women during childbirth. Although numerous studies have substantiated women's experience of D&A during childbirth by healthcare providers, few have focused on how D&A occurred during the midwives' actual care. This study aimed to describe from actual observations the respectful and disrespectful care received by women from midwives during their labor period in two hospitals in urban Tanzania...
January 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320517/explaining-the-decline-in-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-in-the-slovak-republic-between-1993-2008
#9
Marek Psota, Piotr Bandosz, Eva Gonçalvesová, Mária Avdičová, Mária Bucek Pšenková, Martin Studenčan, Jarmila Pekarčíková, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty
OBJECTIVE: Between the years 1993 and 2008, mortality rates from coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Slovak Republic have decreased by almost one quarter. However, this was a smaller decline than in neighbouring countries. The aim of this modelling study was therefore to quantify the contributions of risk factor changes and the use of evidence-based medical therapies to the CHD mortality decline between 1993 and 2008. METHODS: We identified, obtained and scrutinised the data required for the model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320345/an-examination-of-changes-in-social-disparities-in-health-behaviors-in-the-us-2003-2015
#10
Sasha A Fleary, Claudio R Nigg, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVES: Due to growing health disparities, federal and philanthropic agencies have empha-sized reducing health disparities in their preventive health efforts. This study determined the status of disparities in health behaviors in the last 13 years in the United States. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Systems in odd years (2003-2015). Health behaviors were dichotomized to reflect met fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption and physical activity (PA) recommendations, non-cigarette smoking, non-heavy drinking, and non-binge drinking...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319585/which-us-states-pose-the-greatest-threats-to-military-readiness-and-public-health-public-health-policy-implications-for-a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-body-mass-index-and-injuries-among-us-army-recruits
#11
Daniel B Bornstein, George L Grieve, Morgan N Clennin, Alexander C McLain, Laurie P Whitsel, Michael W Beets, Keith G Hauret, Bruce H Jones, Mark A Sarzynski
OBJECTIVE: Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#12
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
January 10, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315391/international-trends-in-bottom-end-inequality-in-adolescent-physical-activity-and-nutrition-hbsc-study-2002-2014
#13
Yekaterina Chzhen, Irene Moor, William Pickett, Emilia Toczydlowska, Gonneke W J M Stevens
Background: In spite of many positive trends that have emerged in the health of young people, adolescents from more affluent groups continue to experience more favourable health outcomes. There are no groups that are more vulnerable than those who report very poor ('bottom-end') indicators of health behaviour. The present study investigated the role of socio-economic factors as potential determinants of bottom-end health behaviours pertaining to physical activity and diet. Methods: Our analysis incorporated health data for some 700 000 15-year-old adolescents in 34 countries...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306718/factors-associated-with-objectively-measured-total-sedentary-time-and-screen-time-in-children-aged-9-11-years
#14
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Carlos Pires, Dirceu Solé, Victor Matsudo, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with total sedentary time and screen time in children aged 9-11 years. METHODS: For seven consecutive days, 328 children (51.5% boys) used accelerometers to monitor total sedentary time. Screen time was calculated by the self-reporting method. Individual, family, family environment, and school environment questionnaires were filled out. Body composition was measured using a Tanita scale. RESULTS: The mean sedentary time was 500min/day (boys: 489, girls: 511, p=0...
January 4, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304014/environmental-risk-factors-for-developing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Tashi Dendup, Xiaoqi Feng, Stephanie Clingan, Thomas Astell-Burt
Different elements of the environment have been posited to influence type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This systematic review summarizes evidence on the environmental determinants of T2DM identified in four databases. It proposes a theoretical framework illustrating the link between environment and T2DM, and briefly discusses some methodological challenges and potential solutions, and opportunities for future research. Walkability, air pollution, food and physical activity environment and roadways proximity were the most common environmental characteristics studied...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303476/are-cancer-survivors-following-the-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-health-behavior-guidelines-an-assessment-of-patients-attending-a-cancer-survivorship-clinic
#16
Kelly A Hyland, Jamie M Jacobs, Inga T Lennes, William F Pirl, Elyse R Park
PURPOSE: Engaging in positive health behaviors post-treatment is important for cancer survivors' health. However, little is known about whether survivors are practicing health promoting behaviors. We aimed to explore whether survivors are meeting the recent health behavior guidelines set forth by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and to examine associations between health behaviors and distress. METHODS: Sixty-six survivors completed a cross-sectional questionnaire assessing health behaviors prior to an initial appointment at a survivorship care clinic...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299734/modelling-of-adequate-and-safe-vitamin-d-intake-in-danish-women-using-different-fortification-and-supplementation-scenarios-to-inform-fortification-policies
#17
Ida M Grønborg, Inge Tetens, Majken Ege, Tue Christensen, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Rikke Andersen
PURPOSE: Fortification of foods with vitamin D may be a population-based solution to low vitamin D intake. We performed modelling of vitamin D from diet, fortified foods and supplements in a population of Danish women 18-50 years, a risk group of vitamin D deficiency, to inform fortification policies on safe and adequate levels. METHODS: Based on individual habitual dietary vitamin D intake of female participants from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity (DANSDA) (n = 855), we performed graded intake modelling to predict the intake in six scenarios increasing the vitamin D intake from a habitual diet without fish to habitual diet including fish, fortified foods and supplements (40/80 µg)...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288779/evaluation-of-let-s-move-active-schools-activation-grants
#18
Gabrielle F Miller, Sarah Sliwa, Shannon Michael, Sarah Lee, Charlene Burgeson, Ann Marie Krautheim, Daniel P Hatfield, Shanti Sharma, Christina D Economos
Let's Move! Active Schools (LMAS), now Active Schools, is a national initiative in the United States (US) that aims to engage schools to increase students' opportunities to be physically active. This evaluation describes changes in school-level practices related to physical education (PE) and physical activity (PA) among schools that received an LMAS-partner grant from ChildObesity180 or Fuel Up to Play 60 (FUTP60). ChildObesity180 and FUTP60 asked grantee schools to complete nine common questions, between October 2013 and August 2014, before and after receiving the grants to assess progress in implementing practices for PE and PA...
December 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283793/physical-activity-preferences-among-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#19
Steve Amireault, John M Baier, Jonathan R Spencer
The objective of this study was to identify preferences for physical activity among adults aged 65 years and over. A systematic review was conducted. A search strategy without language and date restriction (up until March 31st, 2017) was developed for PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, and SPORTDiscus. Study selection and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers. A total of 21 independent primary studies were included in the systematic review. Irrespective of the methodologies used and samples, a majority of older adults prefer to walk and engage in physical activity continuously for about 30 minutes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282257/barriers-and-facilitators-of-physical-activity-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#20
Archontissa M Kanavaki, Alison Rushton, Nikolaos Efstathiou, Asma Alrushud, Rainer Klocke, Abhishek Abhishek, Joan L Duda
Physical activity (PA), including engagement in structured exercise, has a key role in the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, maintaining a physically active lifestyle is a challenge for people with OA. PA determinants in this population need to be understood better so that they can be optimised by public health or healthcare interventions and social policy changes. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the existing qualitative evidence on barriers and facilitators of PA for patients with hip or knee OA...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
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