keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical activity policy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914177/sedentariness-and-weight-status-related-to-ses-and-family-characteristics-in-italian-adults-exploring-geographic-variability-through-multilevel-models
#1
Domenica Matranga, Garden Tabacchi, Donatella Cangialosi
AIM: In this study, our aim was to assess the prevalence of sedentariness and overweight/obesity, two modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and to investigate the geographic variability in their association with socio-economic status (SES) and family characteristics in Italian adults. METHODS: The Multipurpose Survey on Health Conditions and the Recourse to Health Services (MSHC), 2012/2013 edition, conducted by the National Institute of Statistics was used as data source...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911961/sociocultural-considerations-in-juvenile-arthritis-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Kimberly A Lewis, Sharon A Brown, Stefano Tiziani, Ruy Carrasco
PROBLEM: Juvenile Arthritis (JA) is one of the most common autoimmune diseases in children. A variety of sociocultural factors that influence health outcomes in children with JA have been examined in previous research. However, clinical guidelines to guide the care of these children lack support because this research has not been systematically examined and synthesized. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Primary research articles from five internet databases were included if they were peer-reviewed articles in English of studies conducted in the U...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902280/-impact-of-physical-inactivity-on-mortality-and-the-economic-costs-of-cardiovascular-deaths-evidence-from-argentina
#3
Christian Martín García, José Antonio González-Jurado
Objective: Estimate mortality and economic costs from cardiovascular diseases attributable to physical inactivity in Argentina. Methods: Attributable mortality (AM) from physical inactivity was estimated as the product of the population attributable fraction and the number of deaths caused by associated cardiovascular diseases. Value of statistical life (VSL) was calculated using the human capital approach, in which VSL was estimated through lost productivity from premature death...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899366/effects-of-physical-activity-calorie-expenditure-pace-labeling-study-design-and-baseline-sample-characteristics
#4
Anthony J Viera, Laura Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Julie Gras-Najjar, Ziya Gizlice, Derek Hales, Laura Linnan, Feng-Chang Lin, Seth M Noar, Alice Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are responsible for more than 365,000 deaths per year and contribute substantially to rising healthcare costs in the US, making clear the need for effective public health interventions. Calorie labeling on menus has been implemented to guide consumer ordering behaviors, but effects on calories purchased has been minimal. METHODS: In this project, we tested the effect of physical activity calorie expenditure (PACE) food labels on actual point-of-decision food purchasing behavior as well as physical activity...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895680/optimising-preconception-health-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#5
Adina Y Lang, Jacqueline A Boyle, Grace Fitzgerald, Helena Teede, Danielle Mazza, Lisa J Moran, Cheryce Harrison
There is a growing realisation that efforts to optimise the health of women and reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal and neonatal outcomes during pregnancy should commence in the preconception period. The preconception period (prior to or between pregnancies) provides an opportune time to address reproductive intentions and promote and support wellbeing and healthy behaviour change regardless of pregnancy intention. Research over the last 30 years has explored the influence of a range of preconception risk factors and determinants of health on pregnancy and maternal and neonatal outcomes including: pregnancy planning, diet and micronutrient supplementation, physical activity, weight, smoking, recreational drug and alcohol use, mental health, oral hygiene, and chronic health and medical conditions...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891723/state-mandated-nutrition-physical-activity-and-screen-time-policies-in-child-care-centers
#6
Catherina Chang-Martinez, Nasar U Ahmed, Ruby A Natale, Sarah E Messiah
BACKGROUND: The child care center (CCC) environment presents opportunities for healthy weight promotion in preschoolers. Our study examined the current state of CCC adherence to nutrition, physical activity, and screen time legislative regulations and the differences in their adherence by center socioeconomic position (SEP: low, middle, high) in Miami-Dade County. METHOD: In 34 CCC, we used the Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation tool to evaluate nutrition, physical activity, and screen time practices during 1-school day...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890783/twitter-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-content-and-sentiment-analysis-of-tweets-pertaining-to-sport-related-brain-injury
#7
Adriana M Workewych, Madeline Ciuffetelli Muzzi, Rowan Jing, Stanley Zhang, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVES: Sport-related traumatic brain injuries are a significant public health burden, with hundreds of thousands sustained annually in North America. While sports offer numerous physical and social health benefits, traumatic brain injuries such as concussion can seriously impact a player's life, athletic career, and sport enjoyment. The culture in many sports encourages winning at all costs, placing athletes at risk for traumatic brain injuries. As social media has become a central part of everyday life, the content of users' messages often reflects the prevailing culture related to a particular event or health issue...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886556/developing-an-integrated-3d-hydrodynamic-and-emerging-contaminant-model-for-assessing-water-quality-in-a-yangtze-estuary-reservoir
#8
Cong Xu, Jingjie Zhang, Xiaowei Bi, Zheng Xu, Yiliang He, Karina Yew-Hoong Gin
An integrated 3D-hydrodynamic and emerging contaminant model was developed for better understanding of the fate and transport of emerging contaminants in Qingcaosha Reservoir. The reservoir, which supplies drinking water for nearly half of Shanghai's population, is located in Yangtze Delta. The integrated model was built by Delft3D suite, a fully integrated multidimensional modeling software. Atrazine and Bisphenol A (BPA) were selected as two representative emerging contaminants for the study in this reservoir...
August 23, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876481/measuring-the-implementation-of-a-school-wellness-policy
#9
Anastasia Snelling, Sarah Irvine Belson, Erin Watts, Elizabeth Malloy, Hugo Van Dyke, Stephanie George, Sandra Schlicker, Nancy Brenowitz Katz
BACKGROUND: With the rise in childhood obesity, school policies related to nutrition and physical activity have been written and implemented. In this paper, we present a model to evaluate the degree to which state legislation for school health policies are implemented at the school level. METHODS: Using Washington, DC's Healthy Schools Act (HSA) and a self-report measure of the implementation of the HSA, we illustrate the process of developing a composite score that can be used to measure compliance with the provisions of the law...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872428/community-based-physical-activity-and-wheelchair-mobility-programs-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-canada-current-reflections-and-future-directions
#10
Krista L Best, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Shane N Sweet
RATIONALE: A clear need has been identified to find strategies and opportunities, beyond services provided during rehabilitation, to enhance community-based mobility and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) participation among members of the spinal cord injury (SCI) population. METHOD: This review of existing mobility and LTPA programs that are available for individuals with SCI in Canada reflects the authors' current knowledge of existing evidence-based and community-based programs...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872405/physical-activity-opportunities-within-the-schedule-of-early-care-and-education-centers
#11
Stephanie Mazzucca, Derek Hales, Kelly R Evenson, Alice Ammerman, Deborah Tate, Diane Berry, Dianne Ward
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has many benefits for young children's health and overall development, but few studies have investigated how early care and education (ECE) centers allot time for physical activity, along with measured individual physical activity levels for indoor/outdoor activities during a typical day. METHODS: Fifty ECE centers in central North Carolina participated in four full-day observations, and 559 children 3-5 years old within centers wore accelerometers assessing physical activity during observation days...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868163/new-insights-into-the-vitamin-d-requirements-during-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Bruce W Hollis, Carol L Wagner
Pregnancy represents a dynamic period with physical and physiological changes in both the mother and her developing fetus. The dramatic 2-3 fold increase in the active hormone 1,25(OH)2D concentrations during the early weeks of pregnancy despite minimal increased calcium demands during that time of gestation and which are sustained throughout pregnancy in both the mother and fetus suggests an immunomodulatory role in preventing fetal rejection by the mother. While there have been numerous observational studies that support the premise of vitamin D's role in maintaining maternal and fetal well-being, until recently, there have been few randomized clinical trials with vitamin D supplementation...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865810/consolidated-state-political-party-control-and-the-enactment-of-obesity-related-policies-in-the-united-states
#13
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Arjumand Siddiqi, Gabriella J Bolanos, Jeremy A Shor, Rita Hamad
States play a key role in addressing obesity and its risk factors through policymaking, but there is variation in state activity nationally. The goal of this study was to examine whether the presence of a consolidated Democratic or Republican "trifecta" - when a state's governorship and both houses of the legislature are dominated by the same political party - or divided government (i.e., without a trifecta) is associated with obesity-related policy content and enactment. In 2016 and 2017, we gathered state bills and laws utilizing the CDC Chronic Disease State Policy Tracking System, and examined the association between state-level political party control and the enactment of state-level obesity-related policies in all states during 2009-2015...
August 30, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858606/improving-nutrition-and-physical-activity-policies-and-practices-in-early-care-and-education-in-three-states-2014-2016
#14
Teresa M Smith, Casey Blaser, Cristy Geno-Rasmussen, Julie Shuell, Catherine Plumlee, Tony Gargano, Amy L Yaroch
The National Early Care and Education Learning Collaboratives (ECELC) project aims to facilitate best practices in nutrition, physical activity, screen time, and breastfeeding support and infant feeding among early care and education (ECE) programs across multiple states. The project uses a train-the-trainer approach with 5, in-person learning-collaborative sessions, technical assistance, and action planning. We describe the longitudinal practice-based evaluation of the project and assess whether ECE programs evaluated (n = 104) sustained changes in policies and practices 1 year after completing the project...
August 31, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858605/using-a-community-workshop-model-to-initiate-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-that-support-active-living-in-indiana-2014-2015
#15
Peter J Fritz, Kim Irwin, Lindsey Bouza
BACKGROUND: Engaging in regular physical activity reduces the likelihood of developing chronic diseases. A community's rates of physical activity are directly connected to its built environment characteristics, which correspondingly affect the chronic disease prevalence of its population. Community planning and design interventions can increase levels of physical activity and reduce chronic disease rates by identifying and removing environmental and policy barriers that may hinder active living...
August 31, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857683/how-does-health-promoting-lifestyle-relate-to-sexual-function-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-iran
#16
Parvin Abedi, Maryam Jorfi, Poorandokht Afshari, Ahmad Fakhri
This study aimed to evaluate the relation between health-promoting lifestyle and sexual function among women of reproductive age. In this cross-sectional study, 1200 women were recruited randomly from 10 public health centers in Ahvaz, Iran. A demographic questionnaire, Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile 2 (HPLP2), and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) were used for data collection. The inclusion criteria were as follows: women aged 15-45 years, married, monogamous, and having basic literacy. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test, chi-square test, Spearman correlation coefficient, and logistic regression...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857058/climate-conditions-workplace-heat-and-occupational-health-in-south-east-asia-in-the-context-of-climate-change
#17
Tord Kjellstrom, Bruno Lemke, Matthias Otto
Occupational health is particularly affected by high heat exposures in workplaces, which will be an increasing problem as climate change progresses. People working in jobs of moderate or heavy work intensity in hot environments are at particular risk, owing to exposure to high environmental heat and internal heat production. This heat needs to be released to protect health, and such release is difficult or impossible at high temperatures and high air humidity. A range of clinical health effects can occur, and the heat-related physical exhaustion leads to a reduction of work capacity and labour productivity, which may cause substantial economic losses...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856786/dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-levels-of-children-attending-australian-childcare-services
#18
Jannah Jones, Rebecca Wyse, John Wiggers, Sze L Yoong, Meghan Finch, Christophe Lecathelinais, Alison Fielding, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Jenna Hollis, Kirsty Seward, Luke Wolfenden
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to describe the dietary intake and physical activity levels of children while attending childcare. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 18 centre-based childcare services in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. Childcare service characteristics were assessed via telephone interview. Child dietary intake and physical activity levels were assessed during a one-day observation conducted at participating childcare services using previously validated tools...
August 30, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854903/companion-of-choice-at-birth-factors-affecting-implementation
#19
Tamar Kabakian-Khasholian, Anayda Portela
BACKGROUND: Two recent recommendations made by the World Health Organization confirm the benefits of companion of choice at birth on labour outcomes; however institutional practices and policies do not always support its implementation in different settings around the world. We conducted a review to determine factors that affect implementation of this intervention considering the perspectives and experiences of different stakeholders and other institutional, systemic barriers and facilitators...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854217/perception-of-recovery-of-households-affected-by-2008-wenchuan-earthquake-a-structural-equation-model
#20
Le Lin, Ying Wang, Tianxue Liu
Much of the literature on recovery focuses on the economy, the physical environment and infrastructure at a macro level, which may ignore the personal experiences of affected individuals during recovery. This paper combines internal factors at a micro level and external factors at a macro level to model for understanding perception of recovery (PoR). This study focuses on areas devastated by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. With respect to three recovery-related aspects (house recovery condition (HRC), family recovery power (FRP) and reconstruction investment (RI)), structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
68873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"