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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818241/prevalence-of-modifiable-cancer-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-44-years
#1
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Sohyun Park, Linda J Neff, Susan A Carlson, David R Brown, Dafna Kanny
INTRODUCTION: Carcinogen exposure and unhealthy habits acquired in young adulthood can set the stage for the development of cancer at older ages. This study measured the current prevalence of several cancer risk factors among young adults to assess opportunities to intervene to change the prevalence of these risk factors and potentially reduce cancer incidence. METHODS: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data (analyzed in 2016), the prevalence of potential cancer risk factors was estimated among U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812123/-promoting-a%C3%A2-balanced-diet-and-physical-activity-among-children-conditions-for-the-successful-implementation-and-maintenance-of-multi-level-interventions-and-policies-results-of-two-qualitative-case-studies
#2
Berit Steenbock, Saskia Muellmann, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: To date, conditions for successfully implementing and maintaining multi-level interventions and policies for the promotion of a balanced diet and physical activity are not well understood from the perspective of stakeholders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to examine which factors are regarded as facilitating or impeding introduction, implementation and maintenance of multi-level interventions and policies from the standpoint of stakeholders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with stakeholders of one multi-level intervention (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS [IDEFICS] for the prevention of childhood obesity, n = 4) and one policy (Federal state offices coordinating networks for the provision of healthy food options in schools, n = 3) were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811652/sources-of-variability-in-childhood-obesity-indicators-and-related-behaviors
#3
P T Katzmarzyk, S T Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, E V Lambert, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, V Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke
The purpose of this study was to describe sources of variability in obesity-related variables in 6022 children aged 9-11 y from 12 countries. The study design involved recruitment of students, nested within schools, which were nested within study sites. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured and BMI was calculated; sleep duration and total and in-school moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time were measured by accelerometry; and diet scores were obtained by questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#4
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806904/a-falls-prevention-programme-to-improve-quality-of-life-physical-function-and-falls-efficacy-in-older-people-receiving-home-help-services-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Maria Bjerk, Therese Brovold, Dawn A Skelton, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related injuries in older adults are associated with great burdens, both for the individuals, the health care system and the society. Previous research has shown evidence for the efficiency of exercise as falls prevention. An understudied group are older adults receiving home help services, and the effect of a falls prevention programme on health-related quality of life is unclear. The primary aim of this randomised controlled trial is to examine the effect of a falls prevention programme on quality of life, physical function and falls efficacy in older adults receiving home help services...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806202/alzheimer-s-disease-caregiver-s-health-and-important-resources-next-steps-in-intervention-research
#6
Kharah M Ross, Judith E Carroll
In this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, Mausbach and colleagues report that Alzheimer's disease (AD) caregivers who engage in more pleasant leisure activities had lower blood pressure over 5 years compared to those who engage in fewer leisure activities. This novel finding suggests that something as simple as taking more walks in the park or more time for reading books could protect the physical health of caregivers. In this editorial, we review possible mechanisms linking pleasant leisure activities with lower blood pressure in caregivers, and discuss potential barriers that prevent caregivers from engaging in pleasant leisure activities...
August 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803437/geographic-variation-in-chinese-children-forced-vital-capacity-and-its-association-with-long-term-exposure-to-local-pm10-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#7
Hai-Jun Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Jie-Yun Song, Zhiqiang Wang, Jun Ma
The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between Chinese children's forced vital capacity (FVC) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm (PM10). The FVC data of 71,763 children aged 7 to 18 was collected from 2010 Chinese National Survey on Students' Construction and Health (CNSSCH). The local annual average concentration of PM10, relative humidity, ambient temperature, and other air pollutant data of 30 cities was collected from China Meteorological Administration and Ministry of Environment Protection of China...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793890/network-analysis-of-inter-organizational-relationships-and-policy-use-among-active-living-organizations-in-alberta-canada
#8
Christina C Loitz, Jodie A Stearns, Shawn N Fraser, Kate Storey, John C Spence
BACKGROUND: Coordinated partnerships and collaborations can optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of service and program delivery in organizational networks. However, the extent to which organizations are working together to promote physical activity, and use physical activity policies in Canada, is unknown. This project sought to provide a snapshot of the funding, coordination and partnership relationships among provincial active living organizations (ALOs) in Alberta, Canada. Additionally, the awareness, and use of the provincial policy and national strategy by the organizations was examined...
August 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782349/what-makes-young-people-tick-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-beliefs-and-perceptions-of-school-aged-children-towards-pe-and-healthy-living-in-the-sickest-area-of-europe
#9
Joe G Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Scottish children are reported to be among the least active in the world, additionally Scotland has previously been labelled "the sick man of Europe" on account of its poor health record. In response, the Scottish Government has implemented a range of policies with a strong focus on increasing physical activity (PA), Physical Education (PE) and the integration of health and wellbeing (HWB) with the aim of promoting and sustaining PA throughout life. To date, limited qualitative research exploring pupil perspective of PE lessons and HWB exists...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776723/opportunities-in-the-integration-of-primary-care-and-public-health-nursing-two-case-exemplars-on-physical-activity-and-nutrition
#10
Robin A Evans-Agnew, Kala A Mayer, Lori L L Miller
OBJECTIVE: The integration of primary care and public health nursing may provide new opportunities for transforming nursing practice that addresses population health. Effective programs emphasize multilevel approaches that include both downstream (education) and upstream (policy change) actions. The purpose of this article is to identify downstream and upstream nursing actions that integrate public health and primary care practice through two case exemplars concerning disparities in physical activity and nutrition...
August 4, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774549/combined-healthy-behaviors-and-healthcare-services-use-in-older-adults
#11
Ana Hernández-Aceituno, Raúl F Pérez-Tasigchana, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Esther López-García, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, José R Banegas
INTRODUCTION: Data on the combined impact of healthy behaviors on healthcare use in older adults are limited. METHODS: Study with community-dwelling individuals aged ≥60 years from the Spanish Seniors-ENRICA cohort, recruited in 2008-2010, followed through 2012-2013, and analyzed in 2016 (N=2,021). At baseline, the following healthy behaviors were self-reported: three traditional (never smoking, being physically active, having a healthy diet) and three emerging (sleeping 7-8 hours/day, sitting <8 hours/day, not living alone)...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774504/what-can-be-learned-from-existing-investigations-of-weight-related-practices-and-policies-with-the-potential-to-impact-disparities-in-us-child-care-settings-a-narrative-review-and-call-for-surveillance-and-evaluation-efforts
#12
Nicole Larson, Anna Ayers Looby, Natasha Frost, Marilyn S Nanney, Mary Story
Child-care settings and the combination of policies and regulations under which they operate may reduce or perpetuate disparities in weight-related health, depending on the environmental supports they provide for healthy eating and activity. The objectives of this review are to summarize research on state and local policies germane to weight-related health equity among young children in the United States and on how federal policies and regulations may provide supports for child-care providers serving families with the most limited resources...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774278/cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-school-community-child-health-promotion-and-obesity-prevention-intervention-findings-from-the-evaluation-of-fun-n-healthy-in-moreland
#13
Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Maryanne Tadic, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Anthea Magarey, Anthony D Okely, Andrea de Silva, Christine Armit, Julie Green, Thea O'Connor, Britt Johnson, Boyd Swinburn, Lauren Carpenter, Graham Moore, Hannah Littlecott, Lisa Gold
BACKGROUND: Multi-level, longer-term obesity prevention interventions that focus on inequalities are scarce. Fun 'n healthy in Moreland! aimed to improve child adiposity, school policies and environments, parent engagement, health behaviours and child wellbeing. METHODS: All children from primary schools in an inner urban, culturally diverse and economically disadvantaged area in Victoria, Australia were eligible for participation. The intervention, fun 'n healthy in Moreland!, used a Health Promoting Schools Framework and provided schools with evidence, school research data and part time support from a Community Development Worker to develop health promoting strategies...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771069/are-measures-derived-from-land-use-and-transport-policies-associated-with-walking-for-transport
#14
Jerome N Rachele, Vincent Learnihan, Hannah M Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: There is growing urgency for higher quality evidence to inform policy. This study developed geographic information systems (GIS) spatial measures based on land use and transport policies currently used in selected Australian states to assess which, if any, of these measures were associated with walking for transport. METHODS: Overall, 6,901 participants from 570 neighbourhoods in Brisbane, Australia were included. Participants reported their minutes of walking for transport in the previous week...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768610/behavior-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-ehealth-interventions-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review
#15
Orlaith Mairead Duff, Deirdre Mj Walsh, Bróna A Furlong, Noel E O'Connor, Kieran A Moran, Catherine B Woods
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death and disability in Europe, accounting for 4 million deaths per year and costing the European Union economy almost €196 billion annually. There is strong evidence to suggest that exercise-based secondary rehabilitation programs can decrease the mortality risk and improve health among patients with CVD. Theory-informed use of behavior change techniques (BCTs) is important in the design of cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at changing cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768065/multiple-influences-on-participating-in-physical-activity-in-older-age-developing-a-social-ecological-approach
#16
Elisabeth R Boulton, Maria Horne, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the benefits of engaging in physical activity (PA) is strong, yet the number of older adults meeting the recommended 150 min/wk is low. Policy to increase uptake and adherence has focussed on the health benefits of PA, but may not be the most successful approach. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to ask older adults what the components of a successful intervention to promote PA would be, by asking active older adults what motivated them to be active and asking inactive older adults what might encourage them to change...
August 2, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767958/strategic-factors-for-the-sustainability-of-a-health-intervention-at-municipal-level-of-brazil
#17
Sydia Rosana de Araujo Oliveira, Maria Guadalupe Medina, Ana Cláudia Figueiró, Louise Potvin
The present study aims to describe the evolution of an intervention, using a methodology that adopts the critical event as the unit of analysis, and to identify strategic factors that facilitate the continuation of the interventions. Six critical events were identified: dispute care models for health; area of advice: dispute field; change policy; break of interorganizational relations; lack of physical structure and turnover of staff; difficulty in organizing practices in the work process. these are developed into strategic factors: enabling network of allies; meetings and educational activities/building capacity; benefits perceived by community members; mobilization of key actors; intervention's compatibility with the government's vision; restoration of interrelationship; and stability of the workforce...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767957/obesity-and-public-policies-the-brazilian-government-s-definitions-and-strategies
#18
Patricia Camacho Dias, Patrícia Henriques, Luiz Antonio Dos Anjos, Luciene Burlandy
The study analyzes national strategies for dealing with obesity in Brazil in the framework of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) and the Food and Nutritional Security System (SISAN). Based on the document analysis method, we examined government documents produced in the last 15 years in the following dimensions: definitions of obesity, proposed actions, and strategies for linkage between sectors. In the SUS, obesity is approached as both a risk factor and a disease, with individual and social/environmental approaches aimed at changing eating practices and physical activity...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764754/national-policies-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-in-the-workplace-context-a-behaviour-change-wheel-guided-content-analysis-of-policy-papers-in-finland
#19
Tuija Seppälä, Nelli Hankonen, Eveliina Korkiakangas, Johanna Ruusuvuori, Jaana Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Health policy papers disseminate recommendations and guidelines for the development and implementation of health promotion interventions. Such documents have rarely been investigated with regard to their assumed mechanisms of action for changing behaviour. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and Behaviour Change Techniques (BCT) Taxonomy have been used to code behaviour change intervention descriptions, but to our knowledge such "retrofitting" of policy papers has not previously been reported...
August 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763720/increasing-the-uptake-of-long-acting-and-permanent-methods-of-family-planning-a-qualitative-study-with-village-midwives-in-east-java-and-nusa-tenggara-barat-provinces-indonesia
#20
Christiana R Titaley, Ratna U Wijayanti, Rita Damayanti, Agus Dwi Setiawan, Dadun, Dini Dachlia, Ferdinand Siagian, Heru Suparno, Dwi Astuti Yunita Saputri, Sarah Harlan, Yunita Wahyuningrum, Douglas Storey
OBJECTIVE: this analysis aims to explore midwives' insights into the provision of long-acting and permanent methods of contraception (LAPMs) in the selected areas of East Java and Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) Provinces, Indonesia. DESIGN: a qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted with 12 village midwives from 12 villages, to explore their perceptions and experiences in delivering family planning services. SETTING: the study was carried out in May-June 2013, as part of the baseline assessment in the Improving Contraceptive Method Mix (ICMM) study...
July 20, 2017: Midwifery
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