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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#1
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717072/assessing-dental-students-readiness-to-treat-populations-that-are-underserved-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Linda Furlini, Nioushah Noushi, Geneviève Castonguay, Paul Allison, Christophe Bedos, Raphael De Souza, Shahrokh Esfandiari, Richard Hovey, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Martin Morris, Belinda Nicolau, Frances Power, Jocelyne Feine
In North America, all dental schools have adopted some form of community-based dental education (CBDE) or service-learning, but little is known about the areas being researched and reported in published studies. The aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review to determine what areas of research had been conducted to determine the effects of CBDE on dental students' readiness to treat populations that are underserved. A systematic search of articles published in English or French since 2000 was performed on July 29, 2015, and combined quantitative and qualitative synthesis of data was conducted...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703522/sex-differences-in-fitness-outcomes-among-minority-youth-after-participation-in-a-park-based-after-school-program
#3
Sarah E Messiah, Emily M D'Agostino, Hersila H Patel, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Kristopher L Arheart
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe sex differences in fitness outcomes after participation in Fit2Play, a park-based after-school health and wellness program. METHODS: Youth who participated in Fit2Play for either 1, 2, or 3 school years between 2010 and 2016 (n = 2129, mean age 9.1 years, 52% Hispanic, 48% non-Hispanic black, 54% male) were tested via a comprehensive fitness battery at the beginning/end of the school year(s). Effects of length of Fit2Play participation on fitness outcomes were assessed via three-level repeated measures analysis stratified by sex and adjusted for child sociodemographics, weight category, area poverty, and year...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703181/disparities-in-risky-sexual-behavior-among-khat-chewer-and-non-chewer-college-students-in-southern-ethiopia-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#4
Eyasu Ware, Gurmesa Tura, Tsedach Alemu, Eshetu Andarge
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behavior (RSB) and its consequence among school adolescents and youths have been well understood. It is still a common practice among college and university students living away from their controlling families compounded with the ever-worsening khat chewing habits. However, the relation between khat chewing and RSB is not well studied particularly among college students in Ethiopia. Hence, this study contributes to the literature by examining disparities of RSB among khat chewer and non-chewer students in Southern Ethiopia with the purpose of improving adolescent and youth health...
April 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701730/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-aged-8-years-autism-and-developmental-disabilities-monitoring-network-11-sites-united-states-2014
#5
Jon Baio, Lisa Wiggins, Deborah L Christensen, Matthew J Maenner, Julie Daniels, Zachary Warren, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Walter Zahorodny, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Tiffany White, Maureen S Durkin, Pamela Imm, Loizos Nikolaou, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Li-Ching Lee, Rebecca Harrington, Maya Lopez, Robert T Fitzgerald, Amy Hewitt, Sydney Pettygrove, John N Constantino, Alison Vehorn, Josephine Shenouda, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Nicole F Dowling
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside within 11 ADDM sites in the United States (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wisconsin)...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680115/a-community-level-initiative-to-prevent-obesity-results-from-kaiser-permanente-s-healthy-eating-active-living-zones-initiative-in-california
#6
Allen Cheadle, Akpene Atiedu, Suzanne Rauzon, Pamela M Schwartz, Laura Keene, Mehrnaz Davoudi, Rebecca Spring, Michelle Molina, Lynda Lee, Kathryn Boyle, Dana Williamson, Clara Steimberg, Roberta Tinajero, Jodi Ravel, Jean Nudelman, Andrea Misako Azuma, Elena S Kuo, Loel Solomon
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of health systems are leading health promotion efforts in their wider communities. What impact are these efforts having on health behaviors and ultimately health status? This paper presents evaluation results from the place-based Kaiser Permanente Healthy Eating Active Living Zones obesity prevention initiative, implemented in 2011-2015 in 12 low-income communities in Kaiser Permanente's Northern and Southern California Regions. METHODS: The Healthy Eating Active Living Zones design targeted places and people through policy, environmental, and programmatic strategies...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680113/changes-in-school-food-preparation-methods-result-in-healthier-cafeteria-lunches-in-elementary-schools
#7
Timothy K Behrens, Mina L Liebert, Hannah J Peterson, Jennifer Howard Smith, Jay T Sutliffe, Aubrey Day, Jodi Mack
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of a districtwide food best practices and preparation changes in elementary schools lunches, implemented as part of the LiveWell@School childhood obesity program, funded by LiveWell Colorado/Kaiser Permanente Community Health Initiative. METHODS: Longitudinal study examining how school changes in best practices for food preparation impacted the types of side items offered from 2009 to 2015 in elementary school cafeterias in a high-need school district in southern Colorado...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680111/boulder-food-rescue-an-innovative-approach-to-reducing-food-waste-and-increasing-food-security
#8
Craig A Sewald, Elena S Kuo, Hana Dansky
Food waste and food insecurity are both significant issues in communities throughout the U.S., including Boulder, Colorado. As much as 40% of the food produced in the U.S. goes uneaten and ends up in landfills. Nearly 13% of people in the Boulder region experience some level of food insecurity. Founded in 2011, Boulder Food Rescue supports community members to create their own food security through a participatory approach to an emergency food system. The organization uses a web-application "robot" to manage a schedule of volunteers...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680110/increase-in-physical-activity-sustained-1-year-after-playground-intervention
#9
Madeline C Frost, Elena S Kuo, Lisa T Harner, Kelly R Landau, Katie Baldassar
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity is a vital component of child health, and schools play an important role in the promotion of physical activity among children. This paper describes the implementation and evaluation of a playground redesign involving structural and loose play equipment to increase students' physical activity at an intermediate school in Leadville, Colorado. METHODS: Direct observations were conducted during recess before the redesign in May 2014, then again at 6 months and 1 year after the redesign...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652614/a-web-based-review-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-available-at-colleges-and-universities-in-georgia
#10
Katherine F Cushing, Anna E Carson, Tyiesha D Short, Stefanie N Kot, Merete Tschokert, Jessica M Sales
OBJECTIVE: Although two-thirds of graduating high school seniors attend college or university in the U.S., there is a paucity of national or state specific research regarding SRH services available on or near college and university campuses. METHODS: A review of websites for all colleges and universities in Georgia was conducted to evaluate sexual health services available on campuses and evidence of referral to community providers. RESULTS: Of 96 colleges in Georgia, 44░had campus-located health centers, with only 3 at two-year colleges...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608595/factors-associated-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-stigma-among-adolescent-girls-in-ghana
#11
Kelli Stidham Hall, Emmanuel Morhe, Abubakar Manu, Lisa H Harris, Elizabeth Ela, Dana Loll, Giselle Kolenic, Jessica L Dozier, Sneha Challa, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: Using our previously developed and tested Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Stigma Scale, we investigated factors associated with perceived SRH stigma among adolescent girls in Ghana. METHODS: We drew upon data from our survey study of 1,063 females 15-24yrs recruited from community- and clinic-based sites in two Ghanaian cities. Our Adolescent SRH Stigma Scale comprised 20 items and 3 sub-scales (Internalized, Enacted, Lay Attitudes) to measure stigma occurring with sexual activity, contraceptive use, pregnancy, abortion and family planning service use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548789/building-healthy-communities-a-comprehensive-school-health-program-to-prevent-obesity-in-elementary-schools
#12
Erin E Centeio, Nate McCaughtry, E Whitney G Moore, Noel Kulik, Alex Garn, Jeffrey Martin, Bo Shen, Cheryl L Somers, Mariane Fahlman
Obesity among children is highly prevalent and can lead to risk factors for chronic disease in adulthood. Key organizations have called on schools to play a larger role by increasing children's physical activity and nutrition by adopting an overall culture of health. This study examined the impact of a socioecological theory driven school-wide nutrition and physical activity intervention on 5th graders' central adiposity and obesity level. In 2015-2016, in the Midwest region of U.S., four treatment and two control schools, including 628 (377 treatment) 5th grade children participated in an eight-month intervention...
March 13, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548258/from-pipelines-to-pathways-the-memorial-experience-in-educating-doctors-for-rural-generalist-practice
#13
James Rourke, Shabnam Asghari, Oliver Hurley, Mohamed Ravalia, Michael Jong, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Katherine Stringer, Danielle O'Keefe, Scott Moffatt, Wendy Graham, Carolyn Sturge Sparkes, Janelle Hippe, Kristin Harris Walsh, Donald McKay, Asoka Samarasena
CONTEXT: This report describes the community context, concept and mission of The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial), Canada, and its 'pathways to rural practice' approach, which includes influences at the pre-medical school, medical school experience, postgraduate residency training, and physician practice levels. Memorial's pathways to practice helped Memorial to fulfill its social accountability mandate to populate the province with highly skilled rural generalist practitioners...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537770/addition-of-food-group-equivalents-to-the-canadian-diet-history-questionnaire-ii-for-the-estimation-of-the-canadian-healthy-eating-index-2005
#14
Maria McInerney, Vikki Ho, Anita Koushik, Isabelle Massarelli, Isabelle Rondeau, Gavin R McCormack, Ilona Csizmadi
INTRODUCTION: Poor diet quality has been shown to increase the risk of common chronic diseases that can negatively impact quality of life and burden the healthcare system. Canada's Food Guide evidence-based recommendations provide dietary guidance aimed at increasing diet quality. Compliance with Canada's Food Guide can be assessed with the Canadian Healthy Eating Index (C-HEI), a diet quality score. The recently designed Canadian Diet History Questionnaire II (C-DHQ II), a comprehensive food frequency questionnaire could be used to estimate the C-HEI in Canadian populations with the addition of food group equivalents (representing Canada's Food Guide servings) to the C-DHQ II nutrient database...
March 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528537/the-association-between-adolescent-condom-use-and-individual-and-environmental-resilience-protective-factors
#15
Rebecca Kate Hodder, Sally Homer, Megan Freund, Jennifer A Bowman, Christophe Lecathelinais, Kim Colyvas, Elizabeth Campbell, Karen Gillham, Julia Dray, John H Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: Individual and environmental resilience protective factors are suggested to be associated with adolescent condom use; however, previous studies have not comprehensively examined such associations. This study aimed to determine the associations between condom use, and numerous individual and environmental resilience protective factors in sexually active Australian adolescents. METHODS: Participants were Grade 10 students attending 28 Australian government high schools (n=1,688)...
March 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472851/self-active-relaxation-therapy-sart-and-self-regulation-a-comprehensive-review-and-comparison-of-the-japanese-body-movement-approach
#16
REVIEW
Russell S Kabir, Yutaka Haramaki, Hyeyoung Ki, Hiroyuki Ohno
Relaxation programs are known for their versatility, cost-effectiveness, and ability to help people obtain skills to regulate their mental states and promote and maintain health. Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) is a body-oriented approach to psychological rehabilitation that grew out of the suite of movement tasks developed in the Japanese psychotherapy known as Dohsa-hou , or the body movement method. The program for SART is designed to stretch, twist, and release areas of the upper, lower, and whole body through a set of movements which are guided by the practitioner and performed "self-actively" by the client to empower them to learn to recognize points of tension in the body and act on their own to achieve a relaxed state...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453520/evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-oral-health-services-program-in-school-based-health-centers
#17
Tara Trudnak Fowler, Gregory Matthews, Cydny Black, Hendi Crosby Kowal, Pamella Vodicka, Elizabeth Edgerton
Objectives In 2011, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, within the Health Resources and Services Administration, awarded a 4-year grant to increase access to and assure the delivery of quality oral health preventive and restorative services to children. The grant was awarded to organizations serving high-need communities through school-based health centers (SBHCs). This article describes an independent evaluation investigating program efficacy, integration, and sustainability. Methods Program process and outcomes data were gathered from interim and final reports...
February 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431974/childhood-bullying-implications-for-physicians
#18
Mary M Stephens, Hazel T Cook-Fasano, Katherine Sibbaluca
Childhood bullying is common and can lead to serious adverse physical and mental health effects for both the victim and the bully. In teenagers, risk factors for becoming a victim of bullying include being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender; having a disability or medical condition such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, a skin condition, or food allergy; or being an outlier in weight and stature. An estimated 20% of youth have been bullied on school property, and 16% have been bullied electronically in the past year...
February 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412278/primary-care-assessment-from-a-male-population-perspective
#19
Abiúde Nadabe E Silva, Simone Albino da Silva, Ana Roberta Vilarouca da Silva, Telma Maria Evangelista de Araújo, Cristiana Brasil Almeida Rebouças, Lídya Tolstenko Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the quality of primary health care from the perspective of the male population. METHOD: a cross-sectional descriptive-evaluative study conducted at the family health units of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil, with the male population being interviewed through the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT). RESULTS: 301 participants with mean age of 51.34 years, married, incomplete elementary school and monthly income between one and two minimum wages...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407419/school-exposure-and-asthma
#20
REVIEW
Brittany Esty, Wanda Phipatanakul
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to indoor allergens and pollutants is associated with worsened asthma morbidity. Previous research has examined indoor exposures in the home environment, but evaluation and understanding of the school environment is also needed. The objective of this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of common school exposures and the association between school exposures and pediatric asthma morbidity. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature review was performed using PubMed scientific search engine...
January 30, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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