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Comprehensive School Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899071/having-a-usual-source-of-care-and-its-associated-factors-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-2012-korea-health-panel-survey
#1
Ah Reum An, Kyoungwoo Kim, Jae-Ho Lee, Nak-Jin Sung, Sang-Il Lee, Min Kyung Hyun
BACKGROUND: Usual source of care (USC) is one of the hallmarks of primary care. We aimed to examine the status of having a USC and its patient-related sociodemographic factors among Korean adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012 Korea Health Panel survey. Panel participants were selected for the study who were aged 18 years or older and who replied to questionnaire items on having a USC (n = 11,935). RESULTS: Of the participants, 21...
November 29, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884056/community-assets-and-capabilities-to-recruit-and-retain-gps-the-community-apgar-questionnaire-in-rural-victoria
#2
Daniel R Terry, Ed Baker, David F Schmitz
INTRODUCTION: Rural communities continue to experience significant challenges recruiting and retaining physicians. The Community Apgar Questionnaire (CAQ) was developed in Idaho in the USA to comprehensively assess the characteristics associated with successful recruitment and retention of rural physicians. The CAQ has been utilised and validated across the USA; however, its value in rural Australia has not been examined. The objective of this study was to use the CAQ in rural Australia to examine its utility and develop a greater understanding of the community factors that impact general practitioner (GP) recruitment and retention...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854311/care-seeking-for-diarrhoea-in-southern-malawi-attitudes-practices-and-implications-for-diarrhoea-control
#3
Salule Masangwi, Neil Ferguson, Anthony Grimason, Tracy Morse, Lawrence Kazembe
This paper examined care-seeking behaviour and its associated risk factors when a family member had diarrhoea. Data was obtained from a survey conducted in Chikwawa, a district in Southern Malawi. Chikwawa is faced with a number of environmental and socioeconomic problems and currently diarrhoea morbidity in the district is estimated at 24.4%, statistically higher than the national average of 17%. Using hierarchically built data from a survey of 1403 households nested within 33 communities, a series of two level binary logistic regression models with Bayesian estimation were used to determine predictors of care-seeking behaviour...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852826/what-can-secondary-school-students-teach-educators-and-school-nurses-about-student-engagement-in-health-promotion-a-scoping-review
#4
Amy J Beck, Sandra M Reilly
Student engagement represents a critical component of a comprehensive school health (CSH) approach to health promotion. Nevertheless, questions remain about its implementation. This scoping review updates the field of student engagement in health promotion. Of the 1,388 located articles, 14 qualify for inclusion in this study. An analysis reveals four themes. CSH programs that incorporate student engagement promote a sense of belonging to a community, encourage meaningful involvement, give voice to student concerns, and advance supportive relationships...
November 16, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848726/results-from-the-united-states-of-america-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#5
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Kara D Denstel, Kim Beals, Christopher Bolling, Carly Wright, Scott E Crouter, Thomas L McKenzie, Russell R Pate, Brian E Saelens, Amanda E Staiano, Heidi I Stanish, Susan B Sisson
BACKGROUND: The 2016 United States (U.S.) Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth provides a comprehensive evaluation of physical activity levels and factors influencing physical activity among children and youth. METHODS: The report card includes 10 indicators: Overall Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Active Transportation, Organized Sport Participation, Active Play, Health-related Fitness, Family and Peers, School, Community and the Built Environment, and Government Strategies and Investments...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806692/essential-conditions-for-the-implementation-of-comprehensive-school-health-to-achieve-changes-in-school-culture-and-improvements-in-health-behaviours-of-students
#6
Kate E Storey, Genevieve Montemurro, Jenn Flynn, Marg Schwartz, Erin Wright, Jill Osler, Paul J Veugelers, Erica Roberts
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive School Health (CSH) is an internationally recognized framework that holistically addresses school health by transforming the school culture. It has been shown to be effective in enhancing health behaviours among students while also improving educational outcomes. Despite this effectiveness, there is a need to focus on how CSH is implemented. Previous studies have attempted to uncover the conditions necessary for successful operationalization, but none have described them in relation to a proven best practice model of implementation that has demonstrated positive changes to school culture and improvements in health behaviours...
November 2, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757511/-criteria-catalogue-to-systematize-conceptual-approaches-in-universal-prevention-of-childhood-overweight-methodological-approach-and-first-results
#7
Birgit Babitsch, Raimund Geene, Holger Hassel, Thomas Kliche, Britta Bacchetta, Simon Baltes, Sandra Nold, Daniel Rosenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are serious health risks for children and adolescents. Hence, various prevention projects have been initiated and implemented. Until now, a systematic overview of interventions in different settings has been lacking. AIM(S)/RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of the "Prevention of child overweight" project (SkAP-project) is to prepare a systematic overview of the conceptual approaches used in universal prevention of overweight among children and adolescents...
October 18, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562892/a-typology-of-longitudinal-integrated-clerkships
#8
Paul Worley, Ian Couper, Roger Strasser, Lisa Graves, Beth-Ann Cummings, Richard Woodman, Pamela Stagg, David Hirsh
CONTEXT: Longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) represent a model of the structural redesign of clinical education that is growing in the USA, Canada, Australia and South Africa. By contrast with time-limited traditional block rotations, medical students in LICs provide comprehensive care of patients and populations in continuing learning relationships over time and across disciplines and venues. The evidence base for LICs reveals transformational professional and workforce outcomes derived from a number of small institution-specific studies...
September 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538885/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-in-relation-to-prevention-and-control-of-schistosomiasis-infection-in-mwea-kirinyaga-county-kenya
#9
J Mwai, S Njenga, M Barasa
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a major public health problem in Kenya. Inadequate knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on causative factors are some of the critical factors for the increased prevalence. The study assessed KAP on the control and prevention of schistosomiasis infection in Mwea division, Kirinyaga County-Kenya. Four hundred and sixty five house-hold heads were enrolled in this study by use of simple random sampling technique. METHODS: The study employed an analytical descriptive cross sectional design utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516095/what-is-known-about-school-based-interventions-for-health-promotion-and-their-impact-in-developing-countries-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#10
O Mukamana, M Johri
Schools can play an important role in health promotion mainly by improving students' health literacy, behaviors and academic achievements. School-based health promotion can be particularly valuable in developing countries facing the challenges of low health literacy and high burden of disease. We conducted a scoping review of the published literature focusing on school-based interventions for health promotion and their impact in developing countries. We included 30 studies meeting specific criteria: (i) studies mainly targeted school going children or adolescents; (ii) admissible designs were randomized controlled trials, controlled before-after studies or interrupted time series; (iii) studies included at least one measure of impact and (iv) were primary studies or systematic reviews...
October 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455139/correction-to-aitcheson-et-al-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
: Reports an error in "Resilience in Palestinian Adolescents Living in Gaza" by Rozanna J. Aitcheson, Soleman H. Abu-Bader, Mary K. Howell, Deena Khalil and Salman Elbedour (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Advanced Online Publication, May 30, 2016, np). In the original article, there were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrections are provided in the erratum. All versions of this article have been corrected...
July 25, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454111/europaem-emf-guideline-2016-for-the-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-emf-related-health-problems-and-illnesses
#12
Igor Belyaev, Amy Dean, Horst Eger, Gerhard Hubmann, Reinhold Jandrisovits, Markus Kern, Michael Kundi, Hanns Moshammer, Piero Lercher, Kurt Müller, Gerd Oberfeld, Peter Ohnsorge, Peter Pelzmann, Claus Scheingraber, Roby Thill
Chronic diseases and illnesses associated with non-specific symptoms are on the rise. In addition to chronic stress in social and work environments, physical and chemical exposures at home, at work, and during leisure activities are causal or contributing environmental stressors that deserve attention by the general practitioner as well as by all other members of the health care community. It seems necessary now to take "new exposures" like electromagnetic fields (EMF) into account. Physicians are increasingly confronted with health problems from unidentified causes...
September 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380769/factors-impacting-on-menstrual-hygiene-and-their-implications-for-health-promotion
#13
Anne Mutunda Lahme, Ruth Stern, Diana Cooper
BACKGROUND: In the lives of women, puberty is marked by the onset of menarche. From this stage onwards until menopause, reproductive health and menstrual hygiene are important aspects of women's lives. In Zambia's Western Province, the natural process of menstruation is a taboo and dealt with secretly. Information and knowledge about menstruation and menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls is inadequate. This paper explores the factors influencing the understanding, experiences and practices of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in Mongu District, Western Province of Zambia...
July 5, 2016: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312537/resilience-promoting-factors-in-war-exposed-adolescents-an-epidemiologic-study
#14
John Fayyad, C Cordahi-Tabet, J Yeretzian, M Salamoun, C Najm, E G Karam
Studies of war-exposed children have not investigated a comprehensive array of resilience-promoting factors, nor representative samples of children and adolescents. A representative sample of N = 710 adolescents was randomly selected from communities recently exposed to war. All those who had experienced war trauma were administered questionnaires measuring war exposure, family violence, availability of leisure activities, school-related problems, interpersonal and peer problems, socialization, daily routine problems, displacement, availability of parental supervision and contact and medical needs as well as coping skills related to religious coping, denial, self-control, avoidance and problem solving...
June 16, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269929/-meta-analysis-for-interventional-effect-on-unexpected-injury-among-children-and-adolescents-in-china
#15
Siyun Liu, Ming Hu, Yan Chang, Hui Chen, Jiao Tu
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively evaluate the interventional effect on unexpected injury among children and adolescents in China, and to provide scientific basis for the injury control strategy.
 METHODS: Meta analysis was utilized to analyze the selected literatures. After heterogeneity test of the data, a relevant model was chosen to estimate the combined effect values relative risk (RR) and the corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Subgroup analysis were performed based on the intervention measures, objects and places...
May 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243568/resilience-in-palestinian-adolescents-living-in-gaza
#16
Rozanna J Aitcheson, Soleman H Abu-Bader, Mary K Howell, Deena Khalil, Salman Elbedour
: [Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported online in on Jul 25 2016 (see record ). In the original article, there were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrections are provided in the erratum. All versions of this article have been corrected.] Objective: The pathogenic impact of ongoing political conflict on children and adolescents has been well-documented in the literature. The present study, by contrast, examined the factors that support adolescent health and utilized a salutogenic model to examine prevalence of depression and anxiety and predictors of resilience in a group of adolescents attending secondary school in Gaza...
May 30, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211525/the-healthy-children-strong-families-intervention-promotes-improvements-in-nutrition-activity-and-body-weight-in-american-indian-families-with-young-children
#17
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Kate A Cronin, Alexandra K Adams
OBJECTIVE: American Indian children of pre-school age have disproportionally high obesity rates and consequent risk for related diseases. Healthy Children, Strong Families was a family-based randomized trial assessing the efficacy of an obesity prevention toolkit delivered by a mentor v. mailed delivery that was designed and administered using community-based participatory research approaches. DESIGN: During Year 1, twelve healthy behaviour toolkit lessons were delivered by either a community-based home mentor or monthly mailings...
October 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122139/health-promotion-efforts-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-in-schools-an-application-of-the-diffusion-of-innovations-model
#18
Elizabeth M Glowacki, Erin E Centeio, Daniel J Van Dongen, Russell L Carson, Darla M Castelli
BACKGROUND: Implementing a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) effectively addresses public health issues by providing opportunities for physical activity (PA). Grounded in the Diffusion of Innovations model, the purpose of this study was to identify how health promotion efforts facilitate opportunities for PA. METHODS: Physical and health education teachers (N = 256) nationwide were surveyed using a CSPAP Index to identify teacher's efforts for providing opportunities for PA within a school setting...
June 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080996/who-s-that-girl-a-qualitative-analysis-of-adolescent-girls-views-on-factors-associated-with-teenage-pregnancies-in-bolgatanga-ghana
#19
J K Krugu, F E F Mevissen, A Prinsen, R A C Ruiter
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a public health concern, with diverse serious consequences, including increased health risk for mother and child, lost opportunities for personal development, social exclusion, and low socioeconomic attainments. Especially in Africa, teenage pregnancy rates are high. It is important to find out how girls without pregnancy experience differ in their contraceptive decision-making processes as compared with their previously studied peers with pregnancy experience to address the high rate of teenage pregnancies...
2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066857/best-practices-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes-and-obesity-related-chronic-disease-among-indigenous-peoples-in-canada-a-review
#20
Kathleen Rice, Braden Te Hiwi, Merrick Zwarenstein, Barry Lavallee, Douglas Edward Barre, Stewart B Harris
OBJECTIVES: To carry out a systematic review of interventions that have aimed at improving screening, treatment, prevention and management of type 2 diabetes and obesity-related chronic disease in Indigenous communities in Canada from 2008 to 2014, with the aim of identifying current best practices. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was carried out through an electronic database search using Medline, EMBASE, PubMED and Google scholar. RESULTS: We identified 17 publications, comprising 13 evaluated interventions...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
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