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Comprehensive School Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341329/violence-and-child-mental-health-in-brazil-the-itabora%C3%A3-youth-study-methods-and-findings
#1
I A Bordin, C S Duarte, W S Ribeiro, C S Paula, E S F Coutinho, A Sourander, J A Rønning
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate a study design that could be useful in low-resource and violent urban settings and to estimate the prevalence of child violence exposure (at home, community, and school) and child mental health problems in a low-income medium-size city. METHODS: The Itaboraí Youth Study is a Norway-Brazil collaborative longitudinal study conducted in Itaboraí city (n = 1409, 6-15 year olds). A 3-stage probabilistic sampling plan (random selection of census units, eligible households, and target child) generated sampling weights that were used to obtain estimates of population prevalence rates...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313762/development-and-psychometric-validation-of-the-menstrual-health-instrument-mhi-for-adolescents-in-korea
#2
Hyunjeong Shin, Young-Joo Park, Inhae Cho
The aims of the researchers were to develop and test initial psychometric properties of the Menstrual Health Instrument, a measure of menstrual health in adolescents that comprehensively evaluates menstrual health. Data were collected with a convenience sample of 230 Korean adolescent girls. As a result of exploratory factor analysis with the 29-item instrument, five factors were extracted: affective symptoms, somatic symptoms and school life, daily habits for menstrual health, menstrual cycle characteristics, and attitudes and perceptions on menstruation...
January 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297143/curse-of-fluorosis
#3
REVIEW
M M Patil, Bhavana B Lakhkar, Shailaja S Patil
Fluoride was identified to have caries preventive properties and was widely used for fluoridation of water since 1940, especially in developed countries. After this there was sudden increase in the use of fluorides in food items and in oral medicinal products like toothpastes and mouth washes. Inadvertent use of above has lead to increase in fluorosis as a public health problem. In many places high fluorides are naturally present in earth crust leading to high water fluoride content increasing the risk of fluorosis...
January 3, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258591/cost-benefit-and-extended-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-comprehensive-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-program-in-zambia-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Amani Thomas Mori, Linda Kampata, Patrick Musonda, Kjell Arne Johansson, Bjarne Robberstad, Ingvild Sandøy
BACKGROUND: Early marriages, pregnancies and births are the major cause of school drop-out among adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa. Birth complications are also one of the leading causes of death among adolescent girls. This paper outlines a protocol for a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and an extended cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) of a comprehensive adolescent pregnancy prevention program in Zambia. It aims to estimate the expected costs, monetary and non-monetary benefits associated with health-related and non-health outcomes, as well as their distribution across populations with different standards of living...
December 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248097/applying-a-global-perspective-to-school-based-health-centers-in-new-york-city
#5
Janet B Lee, Grisselle DeFrank, John Gaipa, Martha Arden
BACKGROUND: Since the 1960s, school-based health centers (SBHC) in the United States have emerged and grown with the mission of providing primary medical, reproductive, and mental health services, as well as comprehensive health education, to all students who are enrolled in the participating school. SBHCs have demonstrated a unique ability to reduce barriers to medical care for underserved populations in New York City, including undocumented immigrants and those who are of lower income status...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221533/global-health-career-interest-among-medical-and-nursing-students-survey-and-analysis
#6
Jacob T Cox, A Gatebe Kironji, Jill Edwardson, Dane Moran, James Aluri, Bryn Carroll, Nicole Warren, Chi Chiung Grace Chen
BACKGROUND: Global health experiences undertaken in international settings (GHEs) are becoming an increasingly prevalent aspect of health professions education and, as such, merit comprehensive analysis of the impact they have on students and host communities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between demographic/experiential factors and the interest of health professions students in careers involving global health. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered online to a convenience sample of medical and nursing students at Johns Hopkins University...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214021/a-pilot-study-with-early-adolescents-dealing-with-diet-tobacco-and-air-pollution-using-practical-experiences-and-biological-markers
#7
Chiara Marabelli, Elena Munarini, Micaela Lina, Roberto Mazza, Roberto Boffi, Cinzia De Marco, Ario Ruprecht, Giorgia Angellotti, Chiara Veronese, Paolo Pozzi, Eleonora Bruno, Giuliana Gargano, Adalberto Cavalleri, Giulia Garrone, Franco Berrino
Background: Tobacco use and the Western diet are two of the most important and investigated topics in relation to adolescents' health. In addition, air pollution is a crucial subject for future generations. School is a key social environment that should promote healthy behaviors in children and adolescents. In this field many different programs have been conducted, with mixed results and effectiveness. Research data suggest that comprehensive and multicomponent approaches may have a greater effect on tobacco use and diet, especially when integrated into a community-wide approach...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213523/mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-and-dementia-in-a-sample-of-adults-in-the-city-of-bogot%C3%A3
#8
Olga Lucia Pedraza, Ana Maria Salazar Montes, Fabio Alexander Sierra, Maria Camila Montalvo, Yolanda Muñoz, Jose Miguel Díaz, Angela Lozano, Cesar Piñeros
The low prevalence of dementia described in communities is likely due to the low sensitivity of screening tests and an absence of evaluation by specialists. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia in adults older than 50 years. METHODS: A two-phase, cross-sectional study was conducted by specialists to evaluate cognition and associated demographic risk factors in 1,235 independent community-dwelling adults from Bogotá...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201422/demographic-analysis-of-a-low-resource-socioculturally-diverse-urban-community-presenting-for-infertility-care-in-a-united-states-public-hospital
#9
Jacqueline R Ho, Jacquelyn R Hoffman, Lusine Aghajanova, James F Smith, Marisela Cardenas, Christopher N Herndon
Background: Infertility is a prevalent disease of reproductive health that exerts an impact on an estimated 80 million people worldwide. For many, involuntary childlessness becomes a central and preoccupying issue in their lives, the impact of which is exacerbated by lack of access to basic care and treatment. These effects maybe further magnified among immigrant communities, a growing but highly marginalized population that has been shown in other areas of reproductive health to experience worse health outcomes and delays in access to care...
2017: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191080/case-studies-of-community-academic-partnerships-established-using-the-give-get-grid-model
#10
Bruce Behringer, Jodi L Southerland, Robert M Plummer
While partnerships for health delivery and improvement are frequently described by their structure, goals, and plans, less attention is paid to the interactive relationships among partners or for larger stakeholder groups' coalition memberships. The Give-Get Grid group process tool can be used to assess each stakeholders' expected benefits ("gets") and contributions ("gives") needed to establish and maintain long-term, mutually advantageous community-academic partnerships. This article describes three case study experiences using the Give-Get Grid in real-world context to understand and generate ideas to address contemporary health promotion opportunities among a variety of stakeholders...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190404/sex-ed-by-brown-med-a-student-run-curriculum-and-its-impact-on-sexual-health-knowledge
#11
Erica Duh, Sheyla P Medina, Nathan Coppersmith, Naomi Adjei, Mary B Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Risky sexual behavior among adolescents is a public health crisis. We describe a novel approach to sexual health education where medical students manage a curriculum for an entire seventh grade in one Rhode Island city to better equip students with comprehensive knowledge about sexual health. METHODS: Medical students were trained to teach 12 sessions to seventh-grade students under the supervision of the classroom teacher using a curriculum designed by medical students and faculty (modeled on the Family Life and Sexual Health [FLASH] curriculum but tailored to meet the community's needs)...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190167/engaging-the-transgender-community-to-improve-medical-education-and-prioritize-healthcare-initiatives
#12
Emily J Noonan, Susan Sawning, Ryan Combs, Laura A Weingartner, Leslee J Martin, V Faye Jones, Amy Holthouser
Phenomenon: Transgender patients experience discrimination, limited access to care, and inadequate provider knowledge in healthcare settings. Medical education to address transgender-specific disparities is lacking. Research that engages transgender community members may help address health disparities by empowering patients, increasing trust, and informing medical curricula to increase competence. APPROACH: A 2015 Community Forum on Transgender Health Care was hosted at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, which included healthcare professionals and transgender community members to facilitate dialogue among mixed-participant groups using a World Café model...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168954/social-mobilization-for-safe-transition-from-adolescence-a-qualitative-research-in-iran
#13
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149262/a-food-environments-feedback-system-foodback-for-empowering-citizens-and-change-agents-to-create-healthier-community-food-places
#14
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Rachel Williams, Essa Tawfiq, Boyd Swinburn
This study developed a systems-based approach (called FoodBack) to empower citizens and change agents to create healthier community food places. Formative evaluations were held with citizens and change agents in six diverse New Zealand communities, supplemented by semi-structured interviews with 85 change agents in Auckland and Hamilton in 2015-2016. The emerging system was additionally reviewed by public health experts from diverse organizations. A food environments feedback system was constructed to crowdsource key indicators of the healthiness of diverse community food places (i...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147639/australian-adults-behaviours-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-risk-factors-for-heart-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Erin Hoare, Bill Stavreski, Bronwyn A Kingwell, Garry L Jennings
This research aimed to determine Australian adults' perceptions of risk factors for heart disease, self-reported behaviours relating to modifiable risk factors, and knowledge of leading causes of death. This study reports on HeartWatch survey data collected between January 2015 and December 2015 in a sample of Australian adults. The setting of the research was Australian communities, with all states and territories represented in the final sample. Participants were Australian adults aged 30-59 years (n = 8425), and were representative of the wider Australian population based on key demographic and health characteristics...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096417/addressing-the-antinomy-between-health-education-and-health-literacy-in-advancing-personal-health-and-public-health-outcomes
#16
Philip A Belcastro, Hardaye Ramsaroop-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Health literacy evolved from a standard of English language proficiency designed to promote patient compliance into an inferential for promoting positive health decision-making and health outcomes. In turn, the United States relegated health literacy as a national strategy to improve personal health and health care outcomes as well as reduce national health care expenditures. METHODS: We reviewed the literature to assess the empirical research about health literacy and health behavior and health status outcomes...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065147/developing-citizen-report-cards-for-primary-health-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-results-from-cognitive-interviews-in-rural-tajikistan
#17
Sebastian Bauhoff, Lila Rabinovich, Lauren A Mayer
Citizen report cards on health care providers have been identified as a potential means to increase citizen engagement, provider accountability and health systems performance. Research in high-income settings indicates that the wording, presentation and display of performance information are critical to achieve these goals. However, there are limited insights on developing effective report card designs for middle- and low-income settings. We conducted cognitive interviews to assess consumers' understanding, interpretation of and preferences for displaying information for a health care report card in rural Tajikistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056614/evaluating-the-sustainability-of-school-based-health-centers
#18
Stephanie Navarro, Dorothy L Zirkle, Donald A Barr
BACKGROUND: The United States is facing a surge in the number of school-based health centers (SBHCs) owing to their success in delivering positive health outcomes and increasing access to care. To preserve this success, experts have developed frameworks for creating sustainable SBHCs; however, little research has affirmed or added to these models. OBJECTIVES: This research seeks to analyze elements of sustainability in a case study of three SBHCs in San Diego, California, with the purpose of creating a research-based framework of SBHC sustainability to supplement expertly derived models...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020842/origins-of-school-nursing
#19
Bridget Houlahan
This study investigated the origin and implementation of school nursing in New York City, using traditional historical methods with a social history framework. The intent of this research was to produce a comprehensive historical analysis of school nursing at the turn of the 20th century in order to provide a historical framework to promote the work of school nurses today. Understanding the core fundamental concepts of school nursing from its origins and the significance of the emergence of community support for the role of the school nurse at the turn of the 20th century can inform current policy to back school nursing and school health today...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955414/clinic-outcomes-of-the-pathway-to-care-model-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-adolescent-depression-in-malawi
#20
Stanley Kutcher, Michael Udedi, Heather Gilberds, Adena Brown, Rex Chapota, Kevin Perkins
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease and often has an onset during adolescence. While effective treatments are available, many low-income countries, such as Malawi, lack appropriately trained health providers in community health settings, and this limits access to effective mental healthcare for young people with depression. To address this need, a Canadian-developed youth depression Pathway to Care Model, linking school-based mental health literacy interventions to training of community healthcare providers, was adapted for use in Malawi and successfully applied...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
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