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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934531/feasibility-and-emotional-impact-of-experimentally-extending-sleep-in-short-sleeping-adolescents
#1
Tori R Van Dyk, Nanhua Zhang, Perry A Catlin, Kaylin Cornist, Shealan McAlister, Catharine Whitacre, Dean W Beebe
Study Objectives: Published experimental sleep manipulation protocols for adolescents have been limited to the summer, limiting causal conclusions about how short sleep affects them on school nights, when they are most likely to restrict their sleep. This study assesses the feasibility and emotional impact of a school-night sleep manipulation protocol to test the effects of lengthening sleep in habitually short-sleeping adolescents. Methods: High school students aged 14-18 years who habitually slept 5-7 hours on school nights participated in a 5-week experimental sleep manipulation protocol...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#2
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932255/determinants-of-breastfeeding-initiation-among-mothers-in-sydney-australia-findings-from-a-birth-cohort-study
#3
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, Andrew Hayen, Sameer Bhole, John Eastwood, Steven Levy, Jane Anne Scott
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has short-term and long-term benefits for both the infant and the mother. The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of breastfeeding initiation among women in South Western Sydney, and the factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding. METHODS: Child and Family Health Nurses recruited mother-infant dyads (n = 1035) to the Healthy Smiles Healthy Kids birth study in South Western Sydney, an ethnically and socio-economically diverse area, at the first post-natal home visit...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932135/effectiveness-of-two-interactive-educational-methods-to-teach-tobacco-cessation-counseling-for-senior-dental-students
#4
Mina Ahmadian, Mohammad Reza Khami, Arezoo Ebn Ahamdi, Samaneh Razeghi, Reza Yazdani
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, one of the major health problems in many countries is tobacco use. Dental professionals are in a unique position to promote smoking cessation since they have the opportunity for regular interaction with their patients. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of two educational methods to teach tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) in dental practice for senior dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional study, 93 eligible senior dental students from two dental schools in Tehran, Iran were randomly divided into two groups...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927306/overcoming-challenges-in-school-wide-survey-administration
#5
Catherine N Rasberry, India Rose, Elizabeth Kroupa, Andrew Hebert, Amanda Geller, Elana Morris, Catherine A Lesesne
School-based surveys provide a useful method for gathering data from youth. Existing literature offers many examples of data collection through school-based surveys, and a small subset of literature describes methodological approaches or general recommendations for health promotion professionals seeking to conduct school-based data collection. Much less is available on real-life logistical challenges (e.g., minimizing disruption in the school day) and corresponding solutions. In this article, we fill that literature gap by offering practical considerations for the administration of school-based surveys...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926147/do-universal-school-based-mental-health-promotion-programmes-improve-the-mental-health-and-emotional-well-being-of-young-people-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
C A O'connor, J Dyson, F Cowdell, R Watson
AIM: To examine evidence-using a range of outcomes- for the effectiveness of school-based mental health and emotional well-being programmes. BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 20% of young people experience mental health difficulties every year. Schools have been identified as an appropriate setting for providing mental health and emotional well-being promotion prompting the need to determine whether current school-based programmes are effective in improving the mental health and emotional well-being of young people...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924688/the-barrier-to-informed-choice-in-cancer-screening-statistical-illiteracy-in-physicians-and-patients
#7
Odette Wegwarth, Gerd Gigerenzer
An efficient health care requires both informed doctors and patients. Our current healthcare system falls short on both counts. Most doctors and patients do not understand the available medical evidence. To illustrate the extent of the problem in the setting of cancer screening: In a representative sample of some 5000 women in nine European countries, 92% overestimated the reduction of breast cancer mortality by mammography by a factor of 10-200, or did not know. For a similar sample of about 5000 men with respect to PSA screening, this number was 89%...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923519/disability-rights-in-higher-education-programs-the-case-of-medical-schools-and-other-health-related-disciplines
#8
Anastasia Liasidou, Katerina Mavrou
Recognising and respecting the human rights of persons with disabilities constitutes an integral element of a democratic society. This caveat has been long articulated in health professionals' rhetoric on the importance of embedding a human rights discourse in the protection and promotion of individual and global health. Having signed and ratified the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), state parties are expected to educate doctors and other health professionals to understand the human rights dimension of disability...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923031/positive-mental-health-literacy-development-and-validation-of-a-measure-among-norwegian-adolescents
#9
Hanne Nissen Bjørnsen, Mary Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Regine Ringdal, Geir Arild Espnes, Unni Karin Moksnes
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy (MHL), or the knowledge and abilities necessary to benefit mental health, is a significant determinant of mental health and has the potential to benefit both individual and public mental health. MHL and its measures have traditionally focused on knowledge and beliefs about mental -ill-health rather than on mental health. No measures of MHL addressing knowledge of good or positive mental health have been identified. AIM: This study aimed to develop and validate an instrument measuring adolescents' knowledge of how to obtain and maintain good mental health and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the instrument...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922952/transitions-that-matter-life-course-differences-in-the-employment-of-adults-with-arthritis
#10
Arif Jetha, Julie Bowring, Sean Tucker, Catherine E Connelly, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Laurie Proulx, Monique A M Gignac
PURPOSE: To understand the similarities and differences in the employment participation of people living with arthritis across the life course. METHOD: Focus groups and interviews were conducted with young (ages 18-34 years, n = 7), middle-aged (ages 35-54 years, n = 13) and older adults (>55 years, n = 25) with arthritis. Participants were asked about the impact of arthritis on employment, experiences with health-related changes, career progression and social role involvement...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921574/ideology-and-resistance-in-young-people-s-experiences-of-health-under-the-imperative-of-enjoyment
#11
Kathrine Vitus
This article explores upper secondary school students' understandings and experiences of health in Denmark, where public health promotions appeal to pleasure. Health promotion thereby taps into capitalist society's 'imperative of enjoyment', which reproduces ideological fantasies about the fulfilment of desires through the consumption of health. Based on qualitative empirical material produced through participatory and visual methods during fieldwork conducted in 2012, the analysis shows that relations between healthiness and pleasure are conflated and paradoxical: the students try to fit into society not only by being healthy, but also by enjoying healthiness; but if they fail pleasure, they fail healthiness and experience a loss of individual social value...
September 17, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921450/nutrients-other-than-selenium-are-important-for-promoting-children-s-health-in-kashin-beck-disease-areas
#12
Yujie Ning, Xi Wang, Xiong Guo, Pan Zhang, Pengfei Qu, Feng Zhang, Sen Wang, Yanxia Lei, Mikko Lammi
Overall nutritional status has been proved associated with people's health. The overall nutritional status of children in Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) areas has been overlooked for decades. Therefore, it is worth investigating in the current generation to gather evidence and make suggestions for improvement. A cross-sectional study with three 24-h dietary recalls was conducted to collect raw data on the daily food intake of children. Recorded food was converted into daily nutrient intakes using CDGSS 3.0 software...
September 18, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918643/speech-language-pathology-telehealth-in-rural-and-remote-schools-the-experience-of-school-executive-and-therapy-assistants
#13
Glenn C Fairweather, Michelle A Lincoln, Robyn Ramsden
INTRODUCTION: Difficulties in accessing allied health services, especially in rural and remote areas, appear to be driving the use of telehealth services to children in schools. The objectives of this study were to investigate the experiences and views of school executive staff and therapy assistants regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a speech-language pathology telehealth program for children attending schools in rural and remote New South Wales, Australia. The program, called Come N See, provided therapy interventions remotely via low-bandwidth videoconferencing, with email follow-up...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917140/impact-of-medical-subsidy-disqualification-on-children-s-healthcare-utilization-a-difference-in-differences-analysis-from-japan
#14
Atsushi Miyawaki, Haruko Noguchi, Yasuki Kobayashi
Financial support for children's medical expenses has been introduced in many countries. Limited work has been done on price elasticity in children's healthcare demand, especially in countries other than the United States. Moreover, it remains unclear how the effects of a change in the cost sharing rate on healthcare demand would differ by medical condition. We investigated the impact of an increase in the cost sharing rate on medical service utilization among school children as a whole and for each of nine common conditions, applying a difference-in-differences approach...
September 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902522/delinquency-and-sexual-experiences-across-adolescence-does-depression-play-a-role
#15
Hanna Savioja, Mika Helminen, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
PURPOSE: To elucidate a possible connection between delinquency and adolescent sexual behaviours in different age groups from 14 to 20 and the role of depression therein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were gathered from the cross-sectional Finnish School Health Promotion Study 2010 and 2011 with 186,632 respondents. We first examined the bivariate relationship between delinquency and sexual behaviour, and then proceeded to multivariate models accounting for self-reported depression...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902477/food-marketing-to-children-in-canada-a-settings-based-scoping-review-on-exposure-power-and-impact
#16
Rachel Prowse
INTRODUCTION: Food marketing impacts children's food knowledge, behaviours and health. Current regulations in Canada focus on restricting promotional aspects of food marketing with little-to-no consideration of the places where children experience food. Understanding food marketing in children's everyday settings is necessary to protect children. This scoping review describes the current literature on food marketing to children in Canada by setting. METHODS: The author searched databases for Canadian research on children's exposure to food marketing, and the power and impact of food marketing to children (2-17 years) across settings, and on how current regulations may mediate the effect of food marketing on children...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902315/-health-education-trough-the-development-of-scientific-skills-in-chilean-schools
#17
Soledad Burgos, Karla Yohannessen, Andrea Álvarez, Alejandro Rebolledo, María Teresa Valenzuela
Objective: To describe the interests, preferred topics and learning in public health issues emerging from Chilean students with their participation in a science education experience. Materials and methods: A qualitative exploratory study was conducted in 29 school research groups through the project Salud Con-Ciencia en tu Barrio, based on a content analysis of texts and narratives of students. Results: Students prioritize the situation of abandoned animals, waste management, security and urban infrastructure, mainly...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901176/an-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-mission-x-child-health-promotion-program-in-the-united-states
#18
Jungwon Min, Zhengqi Tan, Laurie Abadie, Scott Townsend, Hong Xue, Youfa Wang
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Mission-X: Train Like an Astronaut program (MX) on children's health-related knowledge and behaviors of a sample of US participants. DESIGN: A nonexperimental pilot intervention study in 5 cities with a pre-post comparison of children's health-related knowledge and behaviors in the United States in 2014 and 2015. SAMPLE: Children (n = 409) with a mean age (standard deviation) of 10...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900801/time-for-action-key-considerations-for-implementing-social-accountability-in-the-education-of-health-professionals
#19
William Ventres, Charles Boelen, Cynthia Haq
Within health professional education around the world, there exists a growing awareness of the professional duty to be socially responsible, being attentive to the needs of all members of communities, regions, and nations, especially those who disproportionately suffer from the adverse influence of social determinants. However, much work still remains to progress beyond such good intentions. Moving from contemplation to action means embracing social accountability as a key guiding principle for change. Social accountability means that health institutions attend to improving the performance of individual practitioners and health systems by directing educational and practice interventions to promote the health of all the public and assessing the systemic effects of these interventions...
September 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900348/improvement-in-vaccination-knowledge-among-health-students-following-an-integrated-extra-curricular-intervention-an-explorative-study-in-the-university-of-palermo
#20
REVIEW
C Marotta, D D Raia, G Ventura, N Casuccio, F Dieli, C D'Angelo, V Restivo, C Costantino, F Vitale, A Casuccio
INTRODUCTION: Vaccination coverages threaten to decrease because of false beliefs in their unsafety and inefficacy. Therefore formation of future health-care workers on this topic is fundamental to deal with any doubt and to promote active immunization among general population. METHODS: In order to assess health-care students' knowledge about vaccination before an integrated seminar on this topic, and to evaluate their improvement after the educational intervention, an integrated educational intervention was held by a multidisciplinary team...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
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