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Health Promoting Schools

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225053/genetically-predicted-milk-consumption-and-bone-health-ischemic-heart-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#1
Q Yang, S L Lin, S L Au Yeung, M K Kwok, L Xu, G M Leung, C M Schooling
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Milk provides protein and micronutrients, and is recommended by some dietary guidelines, particularly for bone health. Meta-analysis of small randomized controlled trials suggests that milk may increase bone mineral density, but they are very heterogeneous. No randomized controlled trial has assessed the effects of milk on major chronic diseases. Previous Mendelian randomization studies of milk did not consider bone health, found no effects on ischemic heart disease (IHD) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) but higher body mass index...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222101/costs-and-effects-of-a-state-wide-health-promotion-program-in-primary-schools-in-germany-the-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg-study-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the state-wide implementation of the health promotion program "Join the Healthy Boat" in primary schools in Germany. METHODS: Cluster-randomized intervention trial with wait-list control group. Anthropometric data of 1733 participating children (7.1 ± 0.6 years) were taken by trained staff before and after a one year intervention period in the academic year 2010/11. Parents provided information about the health status, and the health behaviour of their children and themselves, parental anthropometrics, and socio-economic background variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215380/youth-adult-connectedness-a-key-protective-factor-for-adolescent-health
#3
Renee E Sieving, Annie-Laurie McRee, Barbara J McMorris, Rebecca J Shlafer, Amy L Gower, Hillary M Kapa, Kara J Beckman, Jennifer L Doty, Shari L Plowman, Michael D Resnick
Over the past 30 years, prevention science in the adolescent health field has moved from interventions focused on preventing single problem behaviors to efforts employing a dual approach, addressing risk factors that predict problems while simultaneously nurturing protective factors and promoting positive development. Through an examination of previous research and empirical case examples with vulnerable youth, this article considers the hypothesis that adolescents' sense of connectedness to caring adults acts as a protective factor against a range of risk behaviors...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215375/challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-research-center-partnership
#4
EDITORIAL
Lesley Cottrell, Karen Northrup, Richard Wittberg
For more than a decade, the West Virginia Prevention Research Center, Mid-Ohio Valley Health Department, and the Wood County Schools have built and sustained a partnership to reduce health disparities and promote population health. Specifically, this partnership has contributed significantly to the peer-reviewed literature on children's physical activity, fitness, and academic achievement, as well as identifying possible areas for physical activity interventions (within the school and community settings) that would improve health and academic outcomes...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215242/impact-of-a-modest-delay-in-school-start-time-in-hong-kong-school-adolescents
#5
Ngan Yin Chan, Jihui Zhang, Mandy Wai Man Yu, Siu Ping Lam, Shirley Xin Li, Alice Pik Shan Kong, Albert Martin Li, Yun Kwok Wing
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a modest delay (15 min) in school start time (SST) on adolescent sleep patterns, mood, and behaviors. METHODS: Two secondary schools in Hong Kong with a total of 1173 students (intervention: n = 617; comparison school n = 556) completed both baseline and follow-up questionnaires. School start time was delayed by 15 min, from 7:45 a.m. to 8:00 a.m., in the intervention school. The comparison school maintained their regular SST at 7:55 a...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215120/strategies-and-actions-of-multi-purpose-health-communication-on-vaccine-preventable-infectious-diseases-in-order-to-increase-vaccination-coverage-in-the-population-the-esculapio-project
#6
Angela Bechini, Paolo Bonanni, Sara Lauri, Emilia Tiscione, Miriam Levi, Rosa Prato, Francesca Fortunato, Domenico Martinelli, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Rosa Cristina Coppola, Barbara Pellizzari, Garden Tabacchi, Claudio Costantino, Francesco Vitale, Stefania Iannazzo, Sara Boccalini
The ESCULAPIO Project aims at increasing awareness on vaccine preventable infectious diseases (VPID) and vaccinations in different target populations and to spread the culture of prevention. Information/training interventions on VPID have been developed and health promotion activities for the general population, students and their parents, teachers and health care workers (HCWs) were set up. In Tuscany, educational courses on VPID in high schools were organized and students were stimulated to prepare informative materials on VPID for lower grade school pupils...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212202/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-adolescent-health-promotion-scale-in-chile-differences-by-socioeconomic-status-and-gender
#7
Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Jorge Gaete, Esterbina Olivares, Carla E Förster, Eugenio Chandia, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: The promotion of healthy behaviors is a relevant issue worldwide, especially among adolescent populations, as this is the developmental stage where most unhealthy behaviors become ingrained. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale (AHPS) in a Chilean sample of early adolescents. METHODS: The sample was composed of 1,156 adolescents aged 10-14 years from schools in San Felipe, Chile...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#8
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210882/prostate-cancer-screening-decision-making-in-three-states-2013-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-analysis
#9
Jun Li, Ingrid J Hall, Guixiang Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Given the discordant prostate cancer screening recommendations in the United States, shared decision-making (SDM) has become increasingly important. The objectives of this study were to determine who made the final decision to obtain prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening and identify factors associated with the screening decision made by both patients and their health care providers. METHODS: Using the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from Delaware, Hawaii, and Massachusetts, we calculated weighted percentages of SDM...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209702/primary-care-specialty-career-choice-among-canadian-medical-students-understanding-the-factors-that-influence-their-decisions
#10
Heather Ann Osborn, Jordan T Glicksman, Michael G Brandt, Philip C Doyle, Kevin Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify which factors influence medical students' decision to choose a career in family medicine and pediatrics, and which factors influence their decision to choose careers in non-front-line specialties. DESIGN: Survey that was created based on a comprehensive literature review to determine which factors are considered important when choosing practice specialty. SETTING: Ontario medical school. PARTICIPANTS: An open cohort of medical students in the graduating classes of 2008 to 2011 (inclusive)...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208205/-social-determinants-of-subjective-health-life-satisfaction-and-absence-from-school-due-to-illness-among-adolescents-first-results-of-the-german-national-educational-panel-study-neps
#11
Kristina Heilmann, Janina Bräsen, Max Herke, Matthias Richter, Katharina Rathmann
The aim of this study is to examine the impact of social determinants on subjective health, life satisfaction and absence from school due to illness among adolescents in secondary schools, by using data from the German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS). Data was obtained from the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS). The sample included (n=5 790) 6(th) grade pupils in regular schools in 2011 (Starting Cohort 3, Wave 2). The socioeconomic background of adolescents was measured by pupils' school type as well as household income and parental education level...
February 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#12
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196944/association-of-passive-and-active-smoking-with-self-rated-health-and-life-satisfaction-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#13
Ramin Heshmat, Mostafa Qorbani, Saeid Safiri, Amir Eslami-Shahr Babaki, Nassim Matin, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Gelayol Ardalan, Morteza Mansourian, Hamid Asayesh, Roya Kelishadi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the joint association of passive and active smoking with self-rated health and life satisfaction among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: Using a multistage random cluster sampling method, a representative sample of 14 880 school students were selected from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran. Data were gathered using a questionnaire, a weight scale and metre. Participants were classified into four groups based on their smoking patterns: 'non-smoker', 'only active smoker', 'only passive smoker' and 'active and passive smoker'...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194891/the-world-health-organization-health-promoting-school-framework-is-important-for-some-child-health-outcomes
#14
Kirsten Furley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193793/guidance-on-completing-a-written-allergy-and-anaphylaxis-emergency-plan
#15
Julie Wang, Scott H Sicherer
Anaphylaxis is a potentially life-threatening, severe allergic reaction. The immediate assessment of patients having an allergic reaction and prompt administration of epinephrine, if criteria for anaphylaxis are met, promote optimal outcomes. National and international guidelines for the management of anaphylaxis, including those for management of allergic reactions at school, as well as several clinical reports from the American Academy of Pediatrics, recommend the provision of written emergency action plans to those at risk of anaphylaxis, in addition to the prescription of epinephrine autoinjectors...
February 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188563/how-do-kenyan-orphan-girls-experience-less-meaningful-lives-and-how-much-does-it-matter-for-health
#16
Michael L Goodman, Thomas M Johnson, Shannon Guillot-Wright, Katherine Ackerman Porter, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
BACKGROUND: Currently, 2.5 million orphaned children are living in Kenya and 56 million orphaned children are living across sub-Saharan Africa. No empirical research has investigated meaningfulness of life among this population, and few studies provide perspectives on the life-course consequences of losing a parent during childhood. METHODS: In this study, we assess life meaningfulness in cross section of Kenyan women (n = 1974) in a semi-rural area of the country (Meru County) collected during June 2015...
February 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186927/patterns-of-health-related-behaviours-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-national-survey-of-school-health-brazil-2012
#17
Catarina Machado Azeredo, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Ricardo Araya
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the clustering of multiple health-related behaviours among adolescents and describe which socio-demographic characteristics are associated with these patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Brazilian schools assessed by the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE, 2012). PARTICIPANTS: 104 109 Brazilian ninth-grade students from public and private schools (response rate=82...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186100/school-food-environments-associated-with-adiposity-in-children-attending-canadian-urban-schools
#18
C Fitzpatrick, G D Datta, M Henderson, K Gray-Donald, Y Kestens, T A Barnett
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Targeting obesogenic features of children's environment that are amenable to change represents a promising strategy for health promotion. The school food environment, defined as the services and policies regarding nutrition and the availability of food in the school and surrounding neighborhood, is particularly important given that students travel through the school neighborhood almost daily and that they consume a substantial proportion of their calories at school...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180265/-side-effects-of-health-promotion-an-example-from-austrian-schools
#19
Lisa Gugglberger, Edith Flaschberger, Friedrich Teutsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179049/promoting-hand-hygiene-compliance
#20
Thomas von Lengerke, Bettina Lutze, Christian Krauth, Karin Lange, Jona Theodor Stahmeyer, Iris Freya Chaberny
BACKGROUND: The German "Clean Hands Campaign" (an adaptation of the WHO "Clean Care is Safer Care" programme) to promote hand hygiene among hospital personnel at Hannover Medical School (MHH, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover), known as Aktion Saubere Hände (ASH), met with initial success. By 2013, however, compliance rates with hygienic hand disinfection in the hospital's ten intensive care units (ICUs) and two hematopoietic stem cell transplantation units (HSCTUs) had relapsed to their initial levels (physicians: 48%; nurses: 56%)...
January 20, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
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