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neonate;preterm;neonatal intensive care unit

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918253/placental-growth-factor-alone-or-in-combination-with-soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-1-as-an-aid-to-the-assessment-of-women-with-suspected-pre-eclampsia-systematic-review-and-economic-analysis
#1
Geoff K Frampton, Jeremy Jones, Micah Rose, Liz Payne
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) prediction based on blood pressure, presence of protein in the urine, symptoms and laboratory test abnormalities can result in false-positive diagnoses. This may lead to unnecessary antenatal admissions and preterm delivery. Blood tests that measure placental growth factor (PlGF) or the ratio of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) to PlGF could aid prediction of PE if either were added to routine clinical assessment or used as a replacement for proteinuria testing...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914263/positive-effects-of-low-intensity-recorded-maternal-voice-on-physiologic-reactions-in-premature-infants
#2
Negar Sajjadian, Mahboobeh Mohammadzadeh, Peymaneh Alizadeh Taheri, Mamak Shariat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of low intensity recorded maternal voice on the physiologic reactions of healthy premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Physiologic responses of 20 healthy preterm infants in the NICU of Shariati Hospital, Tehran, were obtained during a 15min intervention including three 5min periods (no-sound control, audio recorded playback of mother's voice, no-sound post-voice). The intervention was presented three times a day for three consecutive days...
November 30, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906083/neonatal-diffusion-tensor-brain-imaging-predicts-later-motor-outcome-in-preterm-neonates-with-white-matter-abnormalities
#3
Do-Yeon Kim, Hyun-Kyung Park, Nam-Su Kim, Se-Jin Hwang, Hyun Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: White matter (WM) abnormalities associated with prematurity are one of the most important causes of neurological disability that involves spastic motor deficits in preterm newborns. This study aimed to evaluate regional microstructural changes in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) associated with WM abnormalities. METHODS: We prospectively studied extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) preterm infants who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Hanyang University Hospital between February 2011 and February 2014...
December 1, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904643/effects-of-nesting-and-swaddling-on-the-sleep-duration-of-premature-infants-hospitalized-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#4
Zahra Abdeyazdan, Maryam Mohammadian-Ghahfarokhi, Zohreh Ghazavi, Majid Mohammadizadeh
BACKGROUND: In neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), neonatal sleep is disrupted due to different factors. Due to the critical role of sleep in premature infants' brain development, this study aimed to investigate the effect of nesting and swaddling on the sleep duration of premature infants hospitalized in NICUs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a crossover clinical trial, 42 preterm infants who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. They were randomly assigned to two groups of nest-swaddle and swaddle-nest...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902505/rallying-the-troops-how-sharing-knowledge-with-grandparents-supports-the-family-of-the-preterm-infant-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Anne Brødsgaard, Theresa Helth, Bente Lund Andersen, Mette Petersen
BACKGROUND: Research concludes that there is a need for educational programs for grandmothers, as well as networking opportunities; educational programs for other extended family members have long been sought by parents, relatives, and nurses in neonatal intensive care unit. PURPOSE: To describe the effect of having premature infants' extended families participating in family-centered care (FCC) groups in the neonatal intensive care unit. An intervention based on dialogue, including topics as own reactions, general knowledge about the premature infants, parenthood, and how the extended families can support the new families during hospitalization and after discharge...
November 29, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902504/a-password-protected-web-site-for-mothers-expressing-milk-for-their-preterm-infants
#6
MaryAnn Blatz, Donna Dowling, Patricia W Underwood, Amy Bieda, Gregory Graham
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that breast milk significantly decreases morbidities that impact length of stay for preterm infants, but there is a need to test interventions to improve breastfeeding outcomes. Since many Americans are using technologies such as the Intranet and smartphones to find health information and manage health, a Web site was developed for mothers who provide breast milk for their preterm hospitalized infants. PURPOSE: This study examined the efficacy of a Web site for mothers to educate them about breast milk expression and assist them in monitoring their breast milk supply...
November 29, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902503/bedside-placement-of-the-postpyloric-tube-in-infants
#7
Patricia Clifford, Elizabeth Ely, Lauren Heimall
BACKGROUND: Patients in the neonatal intensive care unit are a vulnerable population with specific nutritional requirements, which include increased protein and caloric needs for adequate growth. Some infants cannot tolerate gastric feeds and need to have postpyloric feeds to grow. Placement of a postpyloric tube can be done by gastric insufflation. Gastric insufflation is a technique where air is inserted into the stomach as a nasogastric tube is advanced through the pylorus to the duodenum...
November 29, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898379/predicting-bradycardia-in-preterm-infants-using-point-process-analysis-of-heart-rate
#8
Alan H Gee, Riccardo Barbieri, David Paydarfar, Premananda Indic
OBJECTIVE: Episodes of bradycardia are common and recur sporadically in preterm infants, posing a threat to the developing brain and other vital organs. We hypothesize that bradycardias are a result of transient temporal destabilization of the cardiac autonomic control system and that fluctuations in the heart rate signal might contain information that precedes bradycardia. We investigate infant heart rate fluctuations with a novel application of point process theory. METHODS: In 10 preterm infants, we estimate instantaneous linear measures of the heart rate signal in neonates, use these measures to extract statistical features of bradycardia, and propose a simplistic framework for prediction of bradycardia...
November 24, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895691/prognostic-factors-of-neurological-outcomes-in-late-preterm-and-term-infants-with-perinatal-asphyxia
#9
Sun Young Seo, Gyu Hong Shim, Myoung Jae Chey, Su Jeong You
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify prognostic factors of neurological outcomes, including developmental delay, cerebral palsy and epilepsy in late-preterm and term infants with perinatal asphyxia. METHODS: All late-preterm and term infants with perinatal asphyxia or hypoxic-ischemic insults who admitted the neonatal intensive care unit of Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital between 2006 and 2014 and were followed up for at least 2 years were included in this retrospective study...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892784/management-and-outcome-challenges-in-newborns-with-gastroschisis-a-6-year-retrospective-french-study
#10
B Tosello, M Zahed, F Guimond, K Baumstarck, A Faure, F Michel, O Claris, C Gire, I Berakdar, J Massardier, C D'Ercole, T Merrot
OBJECTIVE: to identify the gestational age (GA) at which risk of mortality and severe outcome was minimized comparing preterm delivery and expectant management. METHODS: Retrospective study performed between 2009 to 2014 of newborns with gastroschisis in three large French level III neonatal intensive care units. Each department followed two distinct strategies: elective delivery at 35 weeks GA and, a delayed approach. RESULTS: We included 69 gastroschisis cases...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892440/urinary-tract-infection-in-asymptomatic-newborns-with-prolonged-unconjugated-hyperbilirubunemia-a-hospital-based-observational-study-from-western-region-of-nepal
#11
T Malla, B Sathian, K Karmacharya Malla, S Adhikari
Background Urine culture is usually not a part of work-up for neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia; hence its prevalence remains unknown. Objective This study was done to determine the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in asymptomatic newborns with prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and to evaluate which other laboratory parameters are associated with UTIs. Method A prospective observational study where jaundiced newborns otherwise clinically well, were evaluated for UTI. The study was carried out in neonatal intensive care unit of Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara from June 2012 -April 2013...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891060/human-metapneumovirus-in-the-preterm-neonate-current-perspectives
#12
Nathalie L Maitre, John V Williams
Premature birth (<37 weeks gestation) occurs in ~11% of all births in the US. These infants are at risk of chronic lung disease and respiratory conditions, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Respiratory viruses are important causes of acute respiratory illness (ARI) in preterm infants, leading to rehospitalization, increased health care burden, and long-term morbidity. Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a paramyxovirus discovered in 2001 that is related to respiratory syncytial virus. Epidemiologic studies show that HMPV is a leading cause of ARI in children and adults worldwide...
2016: Research and Reports in Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886650/the-relationship-between-gestational-age-and-the-severity-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#13
Kelly S Gibson, Ms Sydney Stark, Deepak Kumar, Jennifer L Bailit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between gestational age at delivery and the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is poorly understood. Our objective was to compare the length of pharmacotherapy and hospital stay among opioid exposed infants born during the late preterm, early term, full term, and late term periods. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants affected by NAS SETTING: MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio, USA: an urban tertiary care hospital serving as the referral center for opioid dependency in pregnancy with a level III neonatal intensive care unit PARTICIPANTS: All deliveries complicated by maternal opioid exposure from January 2000 to October 2014; 403 were eligible to be included (n = 102 Late Preterm, 34-36weeks (LP), n = 158 Early Term, 37-38weeks (ET), n = 122 Full Term, 39-40weeks (FT), n = 21 Late Term, ≥41 weeks (LT))...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882745/-comparison-of-perinatal-mortality-in-slovak-republic-in-the-years-2007-2009-and-in-the-years-2010-2012
#14
M Korbeľ, A Krištúfková, M Borovský, J Danko, Z Nižňanská, P Kaščák, J Daniš
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of perinatal mortality in Slovak Republic in the years 2007-2009 and in the years 2010-2012. DESIGN: Epidemiological perinatal nation-wide. SETTING: 1st Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics School of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital, Bratislava, Slovak Republic. METHODS: The analysis of selected perinatal data prospectively collected in the years 2007-2009 and in the years 2010-2012...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872669/mothers-and-fathers-in-nicu-the-impact-of-preterm-birth-on-parental-distress
#15
Chiara Ionio, Caterina Colombo, Valeria Brazzoduro, Eleonora Mascheroni, Emanuela Confalonieri, Francesca Castoldi, Gianluca Lista
Preterm birth is a stressful event for families. In particular, the unexpectedly early delivery may cause negative feelings in mothers and fathers. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between preterm birth, parental stress and negative feelings, and the environmental setting of NICU. 21 mothers (age = 36.00 ± 6.85) and 19 fathers (age = 34.92 ± 4.58) of preterm infants (GA = 30.96 ± 2.97) and 20 mothers (age = 40.08 ± 4.76) and 20 fathers (age = 40.32 ± 6.77) of full-term infants (GA = 39...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865429/maternal-education-is-associated-with-disparities-in-breastfeeding-at-time-of-discharge-but-not-at-initiation-of-enteral-feeding-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#16
Lena Carolin Herich, Marina Cuttini, Ileana Croci, Francesco Franco, Domenico Di Lallo, Dante Baronciani, Katia Fares, Giancarlo Gargano, Massimiliano Raponi, Jennifer Zeitlin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between maternal education and breastfeeding in very preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, population-based cohort study analyzed the data of all very preterm infants admitted to neonatal care during 1 year in 3 regions in Italy (Lazio, Emilia-Romagna, and Marche). The use of mothers' own milk was recorded at initial enteral feedings and at hospital discharge. We used multilevel logistic analysis to model the association between maternal education and breastfeeding outcomes, adjusting for maternal age and country of birth...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860117/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-epilepsy-in-pregnancy-e-core-a-national-multi-stakeholder-modified-delphi-consensus-study
#17
B H Al Wattar, K Tamilselvan, R Khan, A Kelso, A Sinha, A M Pirie, D McCorry, K S Khan, S Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of core outcomes for studies on pregnant women with epilepsy. DESIGN: Delphi consensus study. POPULATION: Healthcare professionals, and patient representatives with lived experience of epilepsy in the UK. METHODS: We used a modified Delphi method and a consultation meeting to achieve consensus. Potential outcomes were identified by systematic review, and were scored using a Likert scale anchored between 1 (least important) and 5 (most important)...
November 16, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859778/molecular-epidemiology-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#18
Hiie Soeorg, Kristi Huik, Ülle Parm, Mari-Liis Ilmoja, Tuuli Metsvaht, Irja Lutsar
Late-onset sepsis (LOS) in preterm neonates is increasingly reported to be associated with gut-colonizing Staphylococcus epidermidis. We aimed to describe the molecular epidemiology of S. epidermidis colonizing the gut of neonates hospitalized in two neonatal intensive care units. S. epidermidis from rectal swabs were typed by multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA), randomly chosen isolates of predominant MLVA types additionally by multilocus sequence typing. Antimicrobial susceptibility, the presence of icaA, IS256, arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME), agr type, and SCCmec type were determined...
November 16, 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857787/a-study-of-neurosonogram-abnormalities-clinical-correlation-with-neurosonogram-findings-and-immediate-outcome-of-high-risk-neonates-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#19
Niranjan Nagaraj, Pramod Kumar Berwal, Anusha Srinivas, Ramnarayan Sehra, Sarika Swami, Prathyusha Jeevaji, Gotam Swami, Lokesh Choudary, Ayush Berwal
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sonography of the brain is now an essential part of newborn care, particularly in high risk and unstable premature infants. Cranial ultrasound is the most available and easily repeatable imaging technique for the neonatal brain showing brain development and the most frequently occurring forms of cerebral injury in the preterm and terms. This study aims to assess the importance of cranial ultrasound as an investigatory modality for high-risk neonates and to find out the morphology of various cerebral lesions and correlate clinically...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856479/cohort-study-of-growth-patterns-by-gestational-age-in-preterm-infants-developing-morbidity
#20
S Klevebro, P Lundgren, U Hammar, L E Smith, M Bottai, M Domellöf, C Löfqvist, B Hallberg, A Hellström
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in growth patterns in preterm infants developing major morbidities including retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study of 2521 infants born at a gestational age (GA) of 23-30 weeks from 11 level III neonatal intensive care units in USA and Canada, and 3 Swedish population-based cohorts. OUTCOMES: Birth weight and postnatal weight gain were examined relative to birth GA and ROP, BPD, NEC and IVH development...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
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