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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144270/alkaline-phosphatase-in-infant-cardiopulmonary-bypass-kinetics-and-relationship-to-organ-injury-and-major-cardiovascular-events
#1
Jesse A Davidson, Tracy T Urban, Christine Baird, Suhong Tong, Alan Woodruff, Mark Twite, James Jaggers, Eric A F Simões, Paul Wischmeyer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the kinetics of alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity and concentration after infant cardiopulmonary bypass, including isoform-specific changes, and to measure the association between postoperative AP activity and major postoperative cardiovascular events, organ injury/dysfunction, and postoperative support requirements STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of 120 infants ≤120 days of age undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. AP total and isoform-specific activity was assessed at 6 time points (preoperation, rewarming, 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours postoperation)...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137068/carnitine-acylcarnitine-translocase-deficiency-with-c-199-10-t-g-and-novel-c-1a-g-mutation-two-case-reports-and-brief-literature-review
#2
Hui-Ming Yan, Hao Hu, Aisha Ahmed, Bing-Bing Feng, Jing Liu, Zheng-Jun Jia, Hua Wang
RATIONALE: Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocate deficiency (CACTD) is a rare and life-threatening, autosomal recessive disorder of fatty acid β-oxidation characterized by hypoketotic hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, cardiomyopathy, liver dysfunction, and muscle weakness; culminating in early death. To date, CACTD cases screened from the Chinese mainland population, especially patient with compound heterozygote with c.199-10T>G and a novel c.1A>G mutation in the SLC25A20 gene has never been described...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135598/cardiac-arrest-in-the-operating-room-resuscitation-and-management-for-the-anesthesiologist-part-1
#3
Vivek K Moitra, Sharon Einav, Karl-Christian Thies, Mark E Nunnally, Andrea Gabrielli, Gerald A Maccioli, Guy Weinberg, Arna Banerjee, Kurt Ruetzler, Gregory Dobson, Matthew McEvoy, Michael F O'Connor
Cardiac arrest in the operating room and procedural areas has a different spectrum of causes (ie, hypovolemia, gas embolism, and hyperkalemia), and rapid and appropriate evaluation and management of these causes require modification of traditional cardiac arrest algorithms. There is a small but growing body of literature describing the incidence, causes, treatments, and outcomes of circulatory crisis and perioperative cardiac arrest. These events are almost always witnessed, frequently known, and involve rescuer providers with knowledge of the patient and their procedure...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126676/deep-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-in-a-patient-with-severe-g6pd-deficiency
#4
Genevieve E Staudt, Jason Zhensheng Qu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125047/extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-outcomes-in-massive-pulmonary-embolism-two-eras-at-an-urban-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
David L Ain, Mazen Albaghdadi, Jay Giri, Farhad Abtahian, Michael R Jaff, Kenneth Rosenfield, Nathalie Roy, Mauricio Villavicencio-Theoduloz, Thoralf Sundt, Ido Weinberg
Mortality associated with high-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) remains high. Extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) allows for acute hemodynamic stabilization and potentially for administration of other disease process altering therapies. We sought to compare two eras: pre-ECMO and post-ECMO in relation to high-risk PE treatment and mortality. A single-center retrospective chart review was conducted of high-risk PE patients. High-risk PE was defined as acute PE and cardiac arrest or shock. A total of 60 patients were identified, 31 in the pre-ECMO era and 29 in the post-ECMO era...
November 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120882/donation-after-circulatory-death-and-its-expansion-in-spain
#6
Eduardo Miñambres, Juan J Rubio, Elisabeth Coll, Beatriz Domínguez-Gil
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) is still performed in a limited number of countries. This article summarizes the development of DCD in Spain and presents recent Spanish contributions to gain knowledge on the potential benefits and the practical use of normothermic regional perfusion (nRP). RECENT FINDINGS: DCD now contributes to 24% of deceased donors in Spain. The development of DCD has been based on an assessment of practices in the treatment of cardiac arrest and end-of-life care to accommodate the option of DCD; the creation of an adequate regulatory framework; and institutional support, professional training and public education...
November 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117040/tcd-and-cerebral-circulatory-arrest-in-va-ecmo-patients
#7
Marinella Marinoni, Giovanni Cianchi, Sara Trapani, Maria L Migliaccio, Manuela Bonizzoli, Letizia Gucci, Antonella Cramaro, Andrea Gallerini, Fabio Picciafuochi, Serafina Valente, Adriano Peris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104196/-ascending-aortic-thrombus-recognized-by-acute-brachial-arterial-occlusion
#8
Kohei Miyashita, Kazuki Kihara, Hideaki Nishimori, Takashi Fukutomi, Nobuyuki Hirose, Masaki Yamamoto, Miwa Tashiro, Kazumasa Orihashi
We report a case of ascending aortic thrombus with acute arterial occlusion of the brachial artery. A 49-year-old woman had sudden pain in her right arm due to acute occlusion of the right brachial artery. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and echocardiography revealed a large mobile thrombus in the ascending aorta, which prompted surgical intervention. The thrombi were removed via aortotomy under circulatory arrest. Trans-esophageal echocardiography was useful for watching a potential detachment of the thrombus in the aorta during surgical manipulations or systemic perfusion...
November 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103844/prediction-of-potential-for-organ-donation-after-circulatory-death-in-neurocritical-patients
#9
Guixing Xu, Zhiyong Guo, Wenhua Liang, Erye Xin, Bin Liu, Ye Xu, Zhongqin Luan, Paul Michael Schroder, Martí Manyalich, Dicken Shiu-Chung Ko, Xiaoshun He
BACKGROUND: The success or failure of donation after circulatory death depends largely on the functional warm ischemia time, which is closely related to the duration between withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment and circulatory arrest. However, a reliable predictive model for the duration is absent. We aimed to compare the performance of the Chinese Donation after Circulatory Death Nomogram (C-DCD-Nomogram) and 3 other tools in a cohort of potential donors. METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter, observational study, data were obtained from 219 consecutive neurocritical patients in China...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103365/whole-body-perfusion-strategy-for-aortic-arch-repair-under-moderate-hypothermia
#10
Christopher L Tarola, Katie L Losenno, Jill J Gelinas, Philip M Jones, Philip Fernandes, Stephanie A Fox, Bob Kiaii, Michael W A Chu
INTRODUCTION: Aortic arch reconstruction under moderate hypothermia is commonly performed with antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) for brain protection; however, hypothermia alone is often solely relied upon for visceral and lower body protection. We investigated whether the addition of simultaneous lower body perfusion to ACP (whole body perfusion - WBP) may ameliorate the metabolic derangements of moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA). METHODS: Between 2008 and 2014, 106 consecutive patients underwent elective or emergent aortic arch surgery with MHCA, with either ACP only (44 patients, 66±12 years, 30% female) or WBP (62 patients, 61±15 years, 31% female)...
November 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100641/retrograde-cerebral-perfusion-is-effective-for-prolonged-circulatory-arrest-in-arch-aneurysm-repair
#11
Christopher Lau, Mario Gaudino, Erin Mills Iannacone, Ivancarmine Gambardella, Monica Munjal, Lucas B Ohmes, Benjamin C Degner, Leonard N Girardi
BACKGROUND: The optimal brain protection strategy for prolonged periods of circulatory arrest is still controversial. This study evaluated whether retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) provides adequate brain protection for prolonged periods of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). METHODS: From January 1997 to December 2014, 1,043 patients underwent aortic arch operations using RCP and DHCA at 18°C. The DHCA time for 993 patients was 49 minutes or less and the DHCA time for the remaining 50 patients was 50 minutes or more...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089341/mechanical-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-hospital-survival-among-adult-patients-with-nontraumatic-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-attending-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-multicenter-observational-study-in-japan-sos-kanto-survey-of-survivors-after
#12
Kei Hayashida, Takashi Tagami, Tatsuma Fukuda, Masaru Suzuki, Naohiro Yonemoto, Yutaka Kondo, Tomoko Ogasawara, Atsushi Sakurai, Yoshio Tahara, Ken Nagao, Arino Yaguchi, Naoto Morimura
BACKGROUND: Mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (mCPR) for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest attending the emergency department has become more widespread in Japan. The objective of this study is to determine the association between the mCPR in the emergency department and clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective, multicenter, observational study, adult patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with sustained circulatory arrest on hospital arrival were identified...
October 31, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080092/efficacy-of-modified-less-invasive-quick-replacement-using-mild-hypothermic-arrest-and-partial-retrograde-cerebral-perfusion-for-type-a-acute-aortic-dissection
#13
Mitsumasa Hata, Yukihiko Orime, Shinji Wakui, Tomofumi Umeda, Kenji Akiyama, Masashi Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: We previously reported a unique technique called "less invasive quick replacement (LIQR)" for treating type A acute aortic dissection with moderate hypothermic arrest (28 °C). This study examines the modified LIQR using mild hypothermic arrest (30 °C) with partial retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP). METHODS: 187 patients were divided into 2 groups: group L consisted of 130 patients underwent LIQR without any cerebral perfusion; group M consisted of 57 patients who were treated with modified LIQR...
October 27, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076947/left-versus-biventricular-assist-devices-in-cardiac-arrest
#14
Erik J S Packer, Grete Slettom, Atle Solholm, Arve Mongstad, Rune Haaverstad, Vegard Tuseth, Ketil Grong, Jan Erik Nordrehaug
Maintaining adequate organ perfusion during cardiac arrest remains a challenge, and various assist techniques have been evaluated. We assessed whether a right ventricular impeller assist device (RVAD) in adjunct to a left ventricular impeller assist device (LVAD) is beneficial. Twenty anesthetized pigs were randomized to maximized circulatory support by percutaneously implanted left- or biventricular assist device(s) during 30 minutes of electrically induced ventricular fibrillation followed by three attempts of cardioversion...
October 20, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076774/2016-survey-about-temperature-management-during-extracorporeal-circulation-in-china
#15
Zhen Guo, Xin Li
OBJECTIVE: In order to assess the current status of temperature management during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in China and, thereby, implement standardized management protocols, the authors carried out a national survey about institutions performing CPB. METHOD: The survey was carried out from September 2015 to February 2016 and was supported by the Chinese Society of ExtraCorporeal Circulation. A total of 114 institutions participated, accounting for 15.64% (114/729) of the total of germane Chinese institutions, whereby, 80...
October 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075530/variability-in-glycemic-control-with-temperature-transitions-during-therapeutic-hypothermia
#16
Krystal K Haase, Jennifer L Grelle, Faisal A Khasawneh, Chiamaka Ike
PURPOSE: Patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and continuous insulin may be at increased risk of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, particularly during temperature transitions. This study aimed to evaluate frequency of glucose excursions during each phase of TH and to characterize glycemic control patterns in relation to survival. METHODS: Patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital for circulatory arrest and treated with both therapeutic hypothermia and protocol-based continuous insulin between January 2010 and June 2013 were included...
2017: Critical Care Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074504/derivation-and-validation-of-the-crest-model-for-very-early-prediction-of-circulatory-etiology-death-in-patients-without-stemi-after-cardiac-arrest
#17
Karen E Bascom, John Dziodzio, Samip Vasaiwala, Michael Mooney, Nainesh Patel, John McPherson, Paul McMullan, Barbara Unger, Niklas Nielsen, Hans Friberg, Richard R Riker, Karl B Kern, Christine W Duarte, David B Seder
Background -No practical tool quantitates the risk of circulatory-etiology death (CED) immediately after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients without ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We developed and validated a prediction model to rapidly determine that risk and facilitate triage to individualized treatment pathways. Methods -Using the International Cardiac Arrest Registry (INTCAR), an 87-question data set representing 44 centers in America and Europe, patients were classified as having had CED or a combined endpoint of neurological-etiology death or survival...
October 26, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070019/a-95%C3%A2-year-old-suffering-circulatory-arrest-after-accidental-hypothermia-a-case-report
#18
Anders Wetting Carlsen, Anders M Winnerkvist, Guri Greiff
BACKGROUND: The elderly are vulnerable to cold and prone to accidental hypothermia, both because of environmental and endogenous factors. The incidence of severe accidental hypothermia among the elderly is poorly described, but many cases probably go unrecorded. Going through literature one finds few publications on severe hypothermia among the elderly, and, to our knowledge, nothing about extracorporeal re-warming of geriatric hypothermia victims. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case were a 95 year-old man with severe accidental hypothermia and circulatory arrest was brought to our hospital under on-going CPR, and was successfully resuscitated with extracorporeal circulation...
October 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053424/l-carnitine-and-potential-protective-effects-against%C3%A2-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-noncardiac-organs-from-experimental-data-to-potential-clinical-applications
#19
Azadeh Moghaddas, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki
The mechanism of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is complex and multifactorial. In this condition, systemic event results in morbidity and mortality in several pathologies, including myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, acute kidney injury, trauma, and circulatory arrest. Hypoxia over ischemia phase leads to energy imbalance and changes of cellular homeostasis and functional or structural alterations. In addition, during the reperfusion period, some events, including calcium influx, release of intracellular enzymes, and cell membrane integrity breakdown, cause cell death...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049808/cold-inducible-ribonucleic-acid-binding-protein-attenuates-acute-kidney-injuries-after-deep-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-in-rats
#20
Lei Yu, Tianxiang Gu, Yu Liu, Xuan Jiang, Enyi Shi
OBJECTIVES: Cold-inducible ribonucleic acid-binding protein (CIRP) has been identified to play a role in the antiapoptotic effect of hypothermia. We sought to investigate the renoprotection of CIRP in a rat model of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. METHODS: Overexpression and knockdown of CIRP were achieved in vivo by directly injecting lentivirus vectors containing packaging lentivirus (pL)/internal ribosome entry site (IRES)/green fluorescent protein (GFP)-CIRP or pL/short hairpin RNA (shRNA)/F-cold inducible RNA binding protein (F-CIRP)-A into the renal parenchyma of rats 7 days before deep hypothermic circulatory arrest under the ultrasound guidance...
August 14, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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