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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329213/postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-rehabilitation-requirements-following-lobectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-study-of-patients-undergoing-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-versus-thoracotomy%C3%A2
#1
Paula Agostini, Sebastian T Lugg, Kerry Adams, Nelia Vartsaba, Maninder S Kalkat, Pala B Rajesh, Richard S Steyn, Babu Naidu, Alison Rushton, Ehab Bishay
OBJECTIVES: : Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) lobectomy is increasingly used for curative intent lung cancer surgery compared to open thoracotomy due to its minimally invasive approach and associated benefits. However, the effects of the VATS approach on postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC), rehabilitation and physiotherapy requirements are unclear; our study aimed to use propensity score matching to investigate this. METHODS: Between January 2012 and January 2016 all consecutive patients undergoing lobectomy via thoracotomy or VATS were prospectively observed...
March 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293731/physical-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-treatment-for-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#2
Takashi Tanaka, Shinichiro Morishita, Masaki Hashimoto, Yusuke Itani, Satoshi Mabuchi, Norihiko Kodama, Seiki Hasegawa, Kazuhisa Domen
INTRODUCTION: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare cancer that affects the thin cell wall lining of internal organs and structures. Studies have shown that patients with lung cancer have decreased pulmonary function and exercise capacity after pneumonectomy. However, to date, physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in surgically treated MPM patients have not been evaluated in detail. The aim of this study was to assess physical function and HRQOL of MPM patients following pleurectomy/decortication (P/D)...
March 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289835/optimization-of-chest-tube-management-to-expedite-rehabilitation-of-lung-cancer-patients-after-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#3
Bo Deng, Kai Qian, Jing-Hai Zhou, Qun-You Tan, Ru-Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review of published evidence was to optimize chest tube management for fast-track rehabilitation of lung cancer patients after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). METHODS: The PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases were searched to identify all studies that addressed the issue of chest tube management after VATS for lung cancer. Finally, 35 articles were included for analysis, i.e., 29 randomized controlled trials and 6 clinical trials...
March 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220381/pharmacological-management-of-people-living-with-end-stage-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Victoria Dalgliesh, Hilary Pinnock
Supportive care and pharmacological treatment can improve the quality of life of people with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who cope on a daily basis with substantial physical, psychological, social and spiritual morbidity. Smoking cessation is the only intervention that reduces the rate of progression of COPD, but evidence-based drug treatments and non-pharmacological strategies can relieve symptoms and reduce the impact of exacerbations. People with severe COPD live with increasingly troublesome breathlessness and other symptoms such as fatigue, pain, sputum production and weight loss...
April 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156441/strategy-of-using-herbal-extract-preparations-for-stage-iv-cancer-in-palliative-care-an-enhanced-and-maintenance-therapy
#5
Zhang Lingyan, Zhou Xiaoxia, Yin Weihua, Zhang Xiulian, Liu Hong, Duan Xiaopeng, Yu Cui, Luo Xiaolu, Zhong Qingfeng, Zhao Fen, Li Xianyong
89 Background: Palliative care is focused and seems as rationally anti-cancer way that have low systemic toxicity and acceptable effectiveness for stage IV cancer, especially herbal extracted medicines, which can regulate tumor microenviroment and body immune system. Our previous lab studies have indicated that TGF-beta, EGF, VEGF, IL-10 cytokines expression and mico-vessel density can be downgraded in tumor microenviroment by herbal extract preparation from Ginseng, Herba Agrimonia, Hairyvein and Arginine etc...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062324/a-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-post-thoracotomy
#6
REVIEW
Amy J Hoffman, Ruth Ann Brintnall
OBJECTIVES: There are no evidenced-based rehabilitative guidelines for postsurgical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This qualitative study provides evidence on the acceptability of an effective postsurgical exercise intervention targeting the self-management of cancer-related fatigue to fill this gap. DATA SOURCES: Qualitative perspective of 37 individuals randomized to a 6-week exercise program following hospital discharge post-thoracotomy for NSCLC...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057059/invasive-pneumococcal-disease-caused-by-mucoid-serotype-3-streptococcus-pneumoniae-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Naomi Sugimoto, Yuka Yamagishi, Jun Hirai, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi, Hiroshige Mikamo
BACKGROUND: Among the different serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae, serotype 3 has received global attention. We report the fatal case of a 76-year-old Japanese man who had an invasive pneumococcal disease associated with pneumonia caused by serotype 3 S. pneumoniae. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient had a history of hypertension, laryngeal cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Following a cerebral arteriovenous malformation hemorrhage, he underwent surgery to remove the hematoma and began rehabilitation...
January 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032568/seven-day-intensive-preoperative-rehabilitation-for-elderly-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Yutian Lai, Jian Huang, Mei Yang, Jianhua Su, Jing Liu, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment, preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been studied in depth. However, few studies have assessed the relationship between advanced age and a shorter term intensive pattern of preoperative PR in patients with lung cancer (LC) and especially those patients waiting for therapeutic LC surgeries. This study investigated short-term preoperative PR combined with inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and aerobic endurance training in elderly patients scheduled to undergo LC lobectomy...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005681/outcomes-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-after-treatment-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-stages-i-to-iiia-an-observational-study
#9
Steffi M J Janssen, Jannie J Abbink, Robert Lindeboom, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland
PURPOSE: Although rehabilitation after treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was found to have a beneficial effect on exercise capacity in a number of studies, insight into its effect on quality of life (QoL) and fatigue is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the outcome of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) regarding fatigue, QoL, and exercise capacity in adult patients curatively treated for NSCLC stages I to IIIa. METHODS: Study data were prospectively and routinely gathered in daily practice in patients taking part in an outpatient PR program after treatment for NSCLC stages I to IIIa...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978868/-application-effect-of-fast-track-surgery-for-patients-with-lung-cancer-%C3%A2-a-meta-analysis
#10
Yan Xia, Shuwen Chang, Jingting Ye, Jin Xue, Yusheng Shu
BACKGROUND: Fast track surgery (FTS) can accelerate rehabilitation and reduce postoperative hospital stay. It has been effectively applied to several surgical diseases. However, the safety and effectiveness of FTS for patients with lung cancer in China is unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effect of FTS undergoing lung cancer surgery in China. METHODS: Using home and abroad databases to search all documents required. The deadline of retrieval was January 31, 2016...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913735/preoperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-marginal-function-lung-cancer-patients
#11
Asra Hashmi, Frank A Baciewicz, Ayman O Soubani, Shirish M Gadgeel
Background This study aimed to evaluate the impact of preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation in lung cancer patients undergoing pulmonary resection surgery with marginal lung function. Methods Short-term outcomes of 42 patients with forced expiratory volume in 1 s < 1.6 L who underwent lung resection between 01/2006 and 12/2010 were reviewed retrospectively. They were divided into group A (no preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation) and group B (receiving pulmonary rehabilitation). In group B, a second set of pulmonary function tests was obtained...
January 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878317/-what-is-currently-available-for-sport-medicine-therapy
#12
U Tegtbur
After 30 years of age physical capacity decreases with increasing age by 5-20% per decade. High physical activity in daily life as well as exercise training of endurance, strength, coordination and mobility can delay the functional and anatomical loss of muscle, bone, cartilage and connective tissue by more than 10 years. In recent years, numerous concepts have scientifically been proven in the exercise therapy of internal diseases; therefore, similar to drug treatment, cellular mechanisms of exercise training adaptation are known in detail...
December 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866517/-impact-and-effect-of-preoperative-short-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-training-on-%C3%A2-lung-cancer-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-%C3%A2-a-randomized-trial
#13
Yutian Lai, Jianhua Su, Mei Yang, Kun Zhou, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is proposed as an effective strategy to decrease surgical morbidity. However, appropriate rehabilitation plan, initiation time, and optimal duration of PR remain unclear. Lung cancer patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are considered high-risk population for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) because of poor lung fitness and cardiopulmonary endurance. This study aims to assess the impact of a one-week, systematic and highly-intensive rehabilitation on surgical lung cancer patients with mild to moderate COPD...
November 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820732/a-rare-intramedullary-spinal-cord-metastasis-from-a-retroperitoneal-leiomyosarcoma-presenting-as-a-non-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Andrew Lamberth Parker, Terrence Pugh, Mark A Hirsch
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare but well-recognized malignant soft tissue sarcoma of smooth muscle origin. Metastases commonly occur in the lungs, liver, kidney, brain, and bone. Cases of metastatic osseous lesions or other extradural space-occupying masses secondary to LMS leading to neurologic compromise are relatively commonplace in the literature. Conversely, cases of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM), an unusual entity as a sequela of any cancer, are exceedingly rare as a consequence of LMS. Only 2 cases of an ISCM from LMS are currently documented in the literature, and to the best of our knowledge, no case is described in the rehabilitation literature...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812130/quality-of-life-and-its-association-with-physical-activity-among-different-types-of-cancer-survivors
#15
Furong Tang, Jiwei Wang, Zheng Tang, Mei Kang, Qinglong Deng, Jinming Yu
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to compare the quality of life (QOL) and its association with physical activity (PA) among patients diagnosed with different types of cancer. Based on the results, we tentatively present suggestions for the cancer health care model. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 2915 cancer survivors recruited from multi-community cancer rehabilitation centers, all of which were affiliated with the Shanghai Cancer Rehabilitation Club...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811855/effect-of-walking-on-circadian-rhythms-and-sleep-quality-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Hui-Mei Chen, Chun-Ming Tsai, Yu-Chung Wu, Kuan-Chia Lin, Chia-Chin Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances and poor rest-activity rhythms, which can reduce the quality of life, are highly prevalent among patients with lung cancer. METHODS: This trial investigated the effects of a 12-week exercise intervention including home-based walking exercise training and weekly exercise counseling on 111 lung cancer patients. Participants were randomly allocated to receive the intervention or usual-care. Outcomes included objective sleep (total sleep time, TST; sleep efficiency, SE; sleep onset latency, SOL; and wake after sleep onset, WASO), subjective sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, PSQI), and rest-activity rhythms (r24 and I<O)...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803808/perioperative-physical-exercise-interventions-for-patients-undergoing-lung-cancer-surgery-what-is-the-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Carlotta Mainini, Patrícia Fs Rebelo, Roberta Bardelli, Besa Kopliku, Sara Tenconi, Stefania Costi, Claudio Tedeschi, Stefania Fugazzaro
Surgical resection appears to be the most effective treatment for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Recent studies suggest that perioperative pulmonary rehabilitation improves functional capacity, reduces mortality and postoperative complications and enhances recovery and quality of life in operated patients. Our aim is to analyse and identify the most recent evidence-based physical exercise interventions, performed before or after surgery. We searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and PsycINFO...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771425/short-term-preoperative-high-intensity-interval-training-in-patients-awaiting-lung-cancer-surgery-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics, John Diaper, Isabelle Frésard, Frédéric Triponez, Christoph Ellenberger, Raoul Schorer, Bengt Kayser, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux
INTRODUCTION: Impairment in aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for postoperative complications. In this randomized controlled trial, we hypothesized that a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program enhances cardiorespiratory fitness before lung cancer surgery and therefore reduces the risk of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC) (n = 77) or preoperative rehabilitation based on HIIT (Rehab) (n = 74)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743822/-evolution-of-pain-during-respiratory-rehabilitation-after-major-lung-resection
#19
F Vandenbos, D Pop, C Perrotin, N Venissac, J Mouroux
INTRODUCTION: Lung resection for cancer is the cause of significant postoperative pain. The aim of this study was to determine whether pulmonary rehabilitation could induce a resurgence of pain. METHODS: In 2014 and 2015, pulmonary rehabilitation was offered to all patients referred to our institution after lung resection for cancer. Patients were assessed at entry and departure for nociceptive pain, neuropathic pain (DN4), for quality of life using questionnaire EORTC QlQ-C30 and for anxiety and depression (HAD questionnaire)...
October 12, 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723943/development-and-validation-of-a-self-efficacy-scale-for-postoperative-rehabilitation-management-of-lung-cancer-patients
#20
Fei-Fei Huang, Qing Yang, Xuan Ye Han, Jing-Ping Zhang, Ting Lin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a Self-Efficacy Scale for Rehabilitation Management designed specifically for postoperative lung cancer patients (SESPRM-LC) and to evaluate its psychometric properties. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on the concept of self-management of chronic disease, items were developed from literature review and semistructured interviews of 10 lung cancer patients and screened by expert consultation and pilot testing. Psychometric evaluation was done with 448 postoperative lung cancer patients recruited from 5 tertiary hospitals in Fuzhou, China, by incorporating classical test theory and item response theory methods...
October 10, 2016: Psycho-oncology
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