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lung cancer, rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145841/rehabilitation-for-cancer-patients-at-black-lion-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133320/effect-of-an-intensive-3-week-preoperative-home-rehabilitation-programme-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-eligible-for-lung-cancer-surgery-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Hélène Laurent, Géraud Galvaing, Emilie Thivat, Emmanuel Coudeyre, Sylvie Aubreton, Ruddy Richard, Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Frederic Costes, Marc Filaire
INTRODUCTION: Surgery is the standard curative treatment for lung cancer but is only possible in patients with local tumour and preserved exercise capacity. Improving fitness before surgery can reduce postoperative complications and mortality. However, preoperative rehabilitation remains difficult to implement for several reasons. We aim to investigate the effectiveness of an intensive 3-week home-based preoperative exercise training programme on hospital discharge ability, postoperative complications and physical performance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are eligible for lung cancer surgery...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078604/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-bronchial-sleeve-lobectomy
#3
REVIEW
Fabio Davoli, Luca Bertolaccini, Alessandro Pardolesi, Piergiorgio Solli
A sleeve lobectomy (SL) is considered a valid option instead of a pneumonectomy in patients affected by central non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the last few years, the improvement of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has allowed experienced surgeons to carry out this challenging operation by a minimally invasive approach. A full pre-operative assessment enclosing a flexible fiber-optic bronchoscopy evaluation and a multidisciplinary team discussion of the clinical case must be accomplished...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054892/transthoracic-littre-s-hernia-presenting-with-faecopneumothorax-following-perforation-of-the-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-late-complication-of-oesophagectomy
#4
Charles West, Karen Erskine, Khaled Hamdan
A Littre's hernia is an unusual phenomenon where a Meckel's diverticulum protrudes through a potential abdominal opening. We wish to present a unique case of a 79-year-old man with respiratory distress following a fall from standing, initially managed as a haemothorax. After a chest drain was placed, bowel contents were drained from the pleural cavity and he was taken to theatre. He had a history of minimally invasive oesophagectomy for cancer and had subsequently developed a diaphragmatic hernia. A blind ending diverticulum with a perforation at its tip was found in the left oblique lung fissure that was subsequently confirmed histologically as a perforated Meckel's diverticulum...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942912/an-evolving-role-for-cancer-rehabilitation-in-the-era-of-low-dose-lung-computed-tomography-screening
#5
REVIEW
Sean Robinson Smith, Ashish Khanna, Eric M Wisotzky
Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and is often detected in the later stages. Use of low-dose chest computed tomography in at-risk patients provides earlier detection and is being adopted as the standard screening tool, replacing less precise methods of radiography and sputum cytology. In the past, late detection of disease meant that rehabilitation interventions attempted to salvage function and to improve aerobic capacity to the point where patients could tolerate the sometimes-extensive oncologic treatment, including lobectomy or pneumonectomy...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919152/erector-spinae-plane-esp-block-in-the-management-of-post-thoracotomy-pain-syndrome-a-case-series
#6
Mauricio Forero, Manikandan Rajarathinam, Sanjib Adhikary, Ki Jinn Chin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Post thoracotomy pain syndrome (PTPS) remains a common complication of thoracic surgery with significant impact on patients' quality of life. Management usually involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes oral and topical analgesics, performing appropriate interventional techniques, and coordinating additional care such as physiotherapy, psychotherapy and rehabilitation. A variety of interventional procedures have been described to treat PTPS that is inadequately managed with systemic or topical analgesics...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894706/the-effectiveness-of-electrical-acupuncture-stimulation-in-reducing-levels-of-self-reported-anxiety-of-lung-cancer-patients-during-palliative-care-a-pilot-study
#7
Yin-Qing Hu, Yi-Fan Wu, Li-Li Hou
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a serious threat to human health and life worldwide. Anxiety is common amongst palliative care patients with lung cancer and adversely affects quality of life. Acupuncture is an effective and safe treatment method used for the treatment of depressive mood status. We aimed to assess the influence of electrical acupuncture stimulation on self-reported anxiety in palliative care among patients with lung cancer. METHODS: This pilot study had an experimental, 3-group, research plan...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890435/pain-control-in-thoracic-oncology
#8
Christine Peeters-Asdourian, Gilbert Massard, Paragi H Rana, Paul Van Houtte, Andrew P White, Bogdan Grigoriu, Dominique Lossignol, Mohammed Almalki, Jean Alexiou, Jean-Luc Engelholm, Jean-Paul Sculier
This review of pain management in lung cancer is based on the presentation of four cases of thoracic oncology patients with pain at various stages of their disease. The approach will be multidisciplinary, involving a thoracic oncologist, radiologist, thoracic and orthopaedic spine surgeon, radiation therapist, pain medicine specialist, and palliative care specialist. This multispecialty approach to the management of different painful presentations in thoracic oncology will demonstrate the complexity of each case and the improved patient outcomes which result from the involvement of different disciplines working in concert...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860884/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Dionisios Spyratos, Eleni Papadaki, Sofia Lampaki, Theodoros Kontakiotis
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer share a common etiological factor (cigarette smoking) and usually coexist in everyday clinical practice. The prevalence of COPD among newly diagnosed patients with lung cancer sometimes exceeds 50%. COPD is an independent risk factor (2-4 times higher than non-COPD subjects) for lung cancer development. The presence of emphysema in addition to other factors (e.g., smoking history, age) could be incorporated into risk scores in order to define the most appropriate target group for lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839990/short-term-high-intensity-rehabilitation-in-radically-treated-lung-cancer-a-three-armed-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jian Huang, Yutian Lai, Xudong Zhou, Shuangjiang Li, Jianhua Su, Mei Yang, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: The feasibility and practicality of preoperative rehabilitation (PR) programs remains quite controversial in the treatment of lung cancer (LC). This study explored whether a short-term high-intensity rehabilitation program could improve postoperative outcomes compared to those achieved with conventional inspiratory muscle training (IMT). METHODS: A three-armed randomized controlled trial comparing the two training modalities and routine care was conducted in surgical LC patients...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760151/pureair-protocol-randomized-controlled-trial-of-intensive-pulmonary-rehabilitation-versus-standard-care-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-resection-for-lung-cancer
#11
Stefania Fugazzaro, Stefania Costi, Carlotta Mainini, Besa Kopliku, Cristian Rapicetta, Roberto Piro, Roberta Bardelli, Patricia Filipa Sobral Rebelo, Carla Galeone, Giorgio Sgarbi, Filippo Lococo, Massimiliano Paci, Tommaso Ricchetti, Silvio Cavuto, Domenico Franco Merlo, Sara Tenconi
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. Surgery is proven to be the most effective treatment in early stages, despite its potential impact on quality of life. Pulmonary rehabilitation, either before or after surgery, is associated with reduced morbidity related symptoms and improved exercise capacity, lung function and quality of life. METHODS: We describe the study protocol for the open-label randomized controlled trial we are conducting on patients affected by primary lung cancer (stages I-II) eligible for surgical treatment...
July 31, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740672/effectiveness-of-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-thoracic-surgery
#12
Attila Vagvolgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Maria Kerti, Paul Vadasz, Janos Varga
BACKGROUND: Functional condition is crucial for operability of patients with lung cancer and/or chronic respiratory diseases. The aim of the study was to measure changes of functional and quality of life parameters in terms of the effectiveness of perioperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS: A total of 208 COPD patients (age: 63±9 years, man/woman: 114/94, FEV1: 62±14%pred) participated in a perioperative PR program. The indication was primary lung cancer in 72% of the patients...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730888/preoperative-exercise-training-prevents-functional-decline-after-lung-resection-surgery-a-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trial
#13
Raquel Sebio García, Maria Isabel Yáñez-Brage, Esther Giménez Moolhuyzen, Marta Salorio Riobo, Ana Lista Paz, Jose María Borro Mate
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Patients with suspected or confirmed lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to either a prehabilitation group or a control group...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696575/impact-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Hajime Saito, Kazutoshi Hatakeyama, Hayato Konno, Toshiki Matsunaga, Yoichi Shimada, Yoshihiro Minamiya
BACKGROUND: Given the extent of the surgical indications for pulmonary lobectomy in breathless patients, preoperative care and evaluation of pulmonary function are increasingly necessary. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) for reducing the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: The records of 116 patients with COPD, including 51 patients who received PR, were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682913/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-sleeve-lobectomy-via-a-single-intercostal-space-three-port-approach-case-report
#15
Lian Wang, Saibo Pan, Ming Wu
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted thoracoscopic sleeve lobectomy is safe and feasible for lung cancer. We describe a case of video-assisted thoracoscopic sleeve lobectomy via a novel single intercostal space (SIC) three-port approach. CONCLUSIONS: This case demonstrates that a SIC three-port thoracoscopic approach is effective in sleeve lobectomy, and possesses potential advantages in perioperative pain management and rehabilitation.
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666714/intensive-preoperative-rehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-and-postoperative-hospital-length-of-stay-in-elderly-patients-with-lung-cancer-synopsis
#16
Elizabeth H Skinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633879/intensive-preoperative-rehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-and-postoperative-hospital-length-of-stay-in-elderly-patients-with-lung-cancer-commentary
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628542/a-rare-intramedullary-spinal-cord-metastasis-from-a-retroperitoneal-leiomyosarcoma-presenting-as-a-non-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Andrew Lamberth Parker, Terrence Pugh, Mark A Hirsch
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare but well-recognized malignant soft tissue sarcoma of smooth muscle origin. Metastases commonly occur in the lungs, liver, kidney, brain, and bone. Cases of metastatic osseous lesions or other extradural space-occupying masses secondary to LMS leading to neurologic compromise are relatively commonplace in the literature. Conversely, cases of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM), an unusual entity as a sequela of any cancer, are exceedingly rare as a consequence of LMS. Only 2 cases of an ISCM from LMS are currently documented in the literature, and to the best of our knowledge, no case is described in the rehabilitation literature...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588791/synchronous-adie-s-syndrome-and-type-1-antineuronal-nuclear-antibody-anti-hu-related-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndromes-as-predictors-of-complete-response-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report
#19
Katherina Bernadette Sreter, Blazenka Barisic, Marija Barisic Kutija, Suzana Kukulj, Miroslav Samarzija
Adie's syndrome (AS) and paraneoplastic sensorimotor neuropathy with cerebellar ataxia (PSN CA) are extremely rare, rapidly progressive, autoimmune diseases associated with the development of antibodies against neuronal-specific Hu proteins that are abnormally expressed in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). We herein present the unique case of a 55-year-old obese woman, previous heavy smoker, who, during treatment with standard cisplatin-etoposide chemotherapy for limited-stage SCLC, developed simultaneous AS and worsening symptoms consistent with PSN CA that led to significant neurological disability and severe axonal electrophysiological pattern on nerve conduction studies...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521182/should-nonsmokers-be-excluded-from-early-lung-cancer-screening-with-low-dose-spiral-computed-tomography-community-based-practice-in-shanghai
#20
Xiaoyang Luo, Shanbo Zheng, Quan Liu, Shengping Wang, Yuan Li, Lei Shen, Guodong Li, Wentao Li, Yanping Zhao, Huilin Xu, Jing Wang, Xiaohua Liu, Yunjian Pan, Hong Hu, Yihua Sun, Haiyan Yang, Su Xu, Haiquan Chen
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy of early lung cancer screening with low-dose spiral computed tomography(LDCT) in both smokers and nonsmokers based on the current situation of community health service, with integration of superior resources of medical institutions at all levels in Shanghai. METHODS: From August 2013 to August 2014, we screened 11,332 (male 7144; female 4188) high-risk individuals in selected communities of Minhang, Shanghai City, for early diagnosis of lung cancer with LDCT combined with multidisciplinary comprehensive treatment pattern including minimally invasive surgery, exploring the medical service network covering prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and follow-up...
August 2017: Translational Oncology
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