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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107694/evaluation-in-the-field-of-social-services-for-minors-measuring-the-efficacy-of-interventions-in-the-italian-service-for-health-protection-and-promotion
#2
Antonio Iudici, Agnese Gagliardo Corsi
This article presents the availment of a new Methodology for the efficacy evaluation of interventions in the field of social science: the Method of Computerized Textual Data Analysis (M.A.D.I.T.). In the beginning, we present some elements of the international and Italian legislation referred to the efficacy evaluation and about the child protection. Subsequently this work describes the process of efficacy evaluation of an intervention of minor protection delivered by a public Italian Service, the Minor and Family Service, MiFa...
November 30, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107490/diagnostic-value-of-urine-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-2-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-7-for-acute-kidney-injury-a-meta-analysis
#3
Yuanyuan Su, Zhiyan Gong, Yan Wu, Yuan Tian, Xiaohui Liao
BACKGROUND: Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-7 (IGFBP7) are both involved in renal tubular epithelial cell cycle arrest in acute kidney injury (AKI). Several recent studies showed that urine TIMP-2 times IGFBP7 ([TIMP-2]*[IGFBP7]) is a promising biomarker to predict AKI. METHODS: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the diagnostic value of urine [TIMP-2]*[IGFBP7] for early diagnosis of AKI. Relevant studies were retrieved from the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107474/enacted-reading-comprehension-using-bodily-movement-to-aid-the-comprehension-of-abstract-text-content
#4
Michael P Kaschak, Carol M Connor, Jennifer L Dombek
We report a design study that assessed the feasibility of Enacted Reading Comprehension (ERC), an intervention designed to teach 3rd and 4th grade students (n = 40 and 25, respectively) to use gestures to understand an increasingly abstract set of texts. Students were taught to use gestures to understand the idea of "opposing forces" in a concrete setting-the forces at play as tectonic plates move past each other-and then taught to use the gestures to understand opposing forces in more abstract situations. For example, students were taught to use gestures to understand the opposing sides of an argument, and to understand the internal conflicts that arise as individuals are faced with moral dilemmas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107402/risk-factors-for-postoperative-pain-intensity-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-disc-surgery-a-systematic-review
#5
Marie Dorow, Margrit Löbner, Janine Stein, Alexander Konnopka, Hans J Meisel, Lutz Günther, Jürgen Meixensberger, Katarina Stengler, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Pain relief has been shown to be the most frequently reported goal by patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. There is a lack of systematic research investigating the course of postsurgical pain intensity and factors associated with postsurgical pain. This systematic review focuses on pain, the most prevalent symptom of a herniated disc as the primary outcome parameter. The aims of this review were (1) to examine how pain intensity changes over time in patients undergoing surgery for a lumbar herniated disc and (2) to identify socio-demographic, medical, occupational and psychological factors associated with pain intensity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107173/electronic-cigarettes-and-indoor-air-quality-a-review-of-studies-using-human-volunteers
#6
Najihah Zainol Abidin, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Aziemah Zulkifli, Karmegam Karuppiah, Sharifah Norkhadijah Syed Ismail, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin
OBJECTIVE: This paper is primarily aimed to review articles on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) focusing on indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment that were conducted using human volunteers under natural settings that mimic actual vaping scenarios. Such studies may give a better representation of the actual potential exposure towards e-cigarettes emissions in indoor settings. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed search engine database...
January 20, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107056/selfing-local-mate-competition-and-reinforcement
#7
Mark D Rausher
Reinforcement can contribute to speciation by increasing the strength of prezygotic isolating mechanisms. Theoretical analyses over the past two decades have demonstrated that conditions for reinforcement are not unduly restrictive, and empirical investigations have documented over a dozen likely cases, indicating that it may be a reasonably common phenomenon in nature. Largely uncharacterized, however, is the diversity of biological scenarios that can create the reduced hybrid fitness that drives reinforcement...
February 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106227/can-ngal-be-employed-as-prognostic-and-diagnostic-biomarker-in-human-cancers-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#8
Laura Roli, Valentina Pecoraro, Tommaso Trenti
BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported differentially altered neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in several malignancies. We evaluated NGAL measured in plasma or urine as both prognostic and diagnostic marker for different types of human tumors. METHODS: We performed systematic electronic searches in Medline, Embase and CRDTAS. Studies were included if they evaluated NGAL as a prognostic or diagnostic marker for human cancers. The selection of the studies, screening of the full texts and data extraction were conducted independently by 2 authors...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106011/magnetic-glass-state-and-magnetoresistance-in-srlafecoo6-double-perovskite
#9
R Pradheesh, Harikrishnan S Nair, G R Haripriya, Anatoliy Senyshyn, Tapan Chatterji, V Sankaranarayanan, K Sethupathi
Unusual features in magnetization resembling the kinetic arrest of a magnetic glass state are observed in the La-doped double perovskite, SrLaFeCoO6. Neutron powder diffraction experiments confirm the presence of antisite disorder as well as a lack of long-range magnetic order down to 4 K in this double perovskite which displays spin glass-like features in dc and ac susceptibilities. Magnetic relaxation observed through cooling and heating under unequal fields (CHUF) point towards unusual domain dynamics which is supported by a broad memory effect...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106009/nb-inas-nanowire-proximity-junctions-from-josephson-to-quantum-dot-regimes
#10
Kaveh Gharavi, Gregory W Holloway, Ray R LaPierre, Jonathan Baugh
The superconducting proximity effect is probed experimentally in Josephson junctions fabricated with InAs nanowires contacted by Nb leads. Contact transparencies [Formula: see text] are observed. The electronic phase coherence length at low temperatures exceeds the channel length. However, the elastic scattering length is a few times shorter than the channel length. Electrical measurements reveal two regimes of quantum transport: (i) the Josephson regime, characterised by a dissipationless current up to ∼100 nA, and (ii) the quantum dot (QD) regime, characterised by the formation of Andreev bound states (ABS) associated with spontaneous QDs inside the nanowire channel...
January 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105954/the-amp-foot-3-new-generation-propulsive-prosthetic-feet-with-explosive-motion-characteristics-design-and-validation
#11
Pierre Cherelle, Victor Grosu, Manuel Cestari, Bram Vanderborght, Dirk Lefeber
The last decades, rehabilitation has become a challenging context for mechatronical engineering. From the state-of-the-art it is seen that the field of prosthetics offers very promising perspectives to roboticist. Today's prosthetic feet tend to improve amputee walking experience by delivering the necessary push-off forces while walking. Therefore, several new types of (compliant) actuators are developed in order to fulfill the torque and power requirements of a sound ankle-foot complex with minimized power consumption...
December 19, 2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105759/visualizing-indented-writing-on-thermal-paper-by-the-controlled-application-of-heat
#12
Matthew Johnson, John W Bond
Indented writing on thermal paper made with either one, two, or three sheets of paper above the thermal paper has been visualized by the controlled application of heat to the thermal paper at temperatures below the paper's normal color change temperature. Indentations created by applying a variable pressure to a steel letter stamp showed that, with one sheet above the thermal paper, indentations were more visible at lower pressures than with either two or three sheets above. Handwriting from 20 volunteers produced indented writing graded with most of the text clear and easy to read for all samples with one sheet above, half the samples with two sheets above and eight samples with three sheets above...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105254/disease-monitoring-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-metabolomics
#13
REVIEW
Asem I Fitian, Roniel Cabrera
We elucidate major pathways of hepatocarcinogenesis and accurate diagnostic metabolomic biomarkers of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) identified by contemporary HCC metabolomics studies, and delineate a model HCC metabolomics study design. A literature search was carried out on Pubmed for HCC metabolomics articles published in English. All relevant articles were accessed in full text. Major search terms included "HCC", "metabolomics", "metabolomics", "metabonomic" and "biomarkers". We extracted clinical and demographic data on all patients and consolidated the lead candidate biomarkers, pathways, and diagnostic performance of metabolomic expression patterns reported by all studies in tables...
January 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104580/leveraging-electronic-health-care-record-information-to-measure-pressure-ulcer-risk-in-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-longitudinal-study-protocol
#14
Stephen L Luther, Susan S Thomason, Sunil Sabharwal, Dezon K Finch, James McCart, Peter Toyinbo, Lina Bouayad, Michael E Matheny, Glenn T Gobbel, Gail Powell-Cope
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers (PrUs) are a frequent, serious, and costly complication for veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI). The health care team should periodically identify PrU risk, although there is no tool in the literature that has been found to be reliable, valid, and sensitive enough to assess risk in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: The immediate goal is to develop a risk assessment model that validly estimates the probability of developing a PrU...
January 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104546/dying-in-intensive-care-units-of-india-commentaries-on-policies-and-position-papers-on-palliative-and-end-of-life-care
#15
REVIEW
Jaydeep Sengupta, Suhita Chopra Chatterjee
PURPOSE: This study critically examines the available policy guidelines on integration of palliative and end-of-life care in Indian intensive care units to appraise their congruence with Indian reality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six position statements and guidelines issued by the Indian Society for Critical Care Medicine and the Indian Association of Palliative Care from 2005 till 2015 were examined. The present study reflects upon the recommendations suggested by these texts...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104462/questionnaires-used-to-assess-barriers-of-clinical-guideline-use-among-physicians-are-not-comprehensive-reliable-or-valid-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Melina L Willson, Robin Wm Vernooij, Anna R Gagliardi
OBJECTIVE: This study described the number and characteristics of questionnaires used to assess barriers of guideline use among physicians. STUDY DESIGN: A scoping review was conducted. MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from 2005 to June 2016. English language studies that administered a questionnaire to assess barriers of guideline use among practicing physicians were eligible. Summary statistics were used to report study and questionnaire characteristics. Questionnaire content was assessed with a checklist of 57 known barriers...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104347/bacterial-resistance-to-antibodies-a-model-evolutionary-study
#17
Lawrence S Schulman
The tangled nature model of evolution (reviewed in the main text) is adapted for use in the study of antibody resistance acquired by horizontal gene transfer. Exchanges of DNA and the acquisition of resistant gene sequences are considered. For the parameters used, resistant strains rapidly proliferate and dominate, although initial intense antibiotic treatment can occasionally prevent this. Variation in genome distribution appears to be long tailed. If this is reflected in nature, the occurrence of resistant bacterial strains can be expected, as well as considerable variation in patient outcomes...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104065/borderline-personality-disorder-psychological-treatment-an-integrative-review
#18
Beverly Reeves-Dudley
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a complex and at times debilitating mental disorder, treatment of which has eluded effective pharmacotherapy (Gunderson, 2007). Although once considered untreatable, psychodynamic therapy and cognitive therapy (two types of psychological therapies) have provided hope for better lives for patients with this diagnosis (Gunderson). The author performed an integrative review of the literature pertaining to the present role of evidence-based practice (EBP) using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) definition of BPD to identify symptoms of the disorder...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104055/mental-health-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-suicidal-patients-in-psychiatric-wards-an-emotional-endeavor
#19
Julia Hagen, Birthe Loa Knizek, Heidi Hjelmeland
The purpose of the study is to investigate mental health nurses' experiences of recognizing and responding to suicidal behavior/self-harm and dealing with the emotional challenges in the care of potentially suicidal inpatients. Interview data of eight mental health nurses were analyzed by systematic text condensation. The participants reported alertness to patients' suicidal cues, relieving psychological pain and inspiring hope. Various emotions are evoked by suicidal behavior. Mental health nurses seem to regulate their emotions and emotional expressions, and balance involvement and distance to provide good care of patients and themselves...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104006/-discussion-on-the-species-and-naming-of-medical-bamboo-slips-unearthed-from-han-tomb-in-laoguanshan
#20
J M Li, Y L Ren, Y T Wang, T Xie, Y Ye
920 pieces of bamboo slip, including broken bamboo slips, found in Laoguanshan Han tomb, are placed in two locations. In one of the location, 736 pieces, except 20 pieces of " chi jian" , of medical bamboo slips are stored. The Chengdu Municipal Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics Protection Center of Jingzhou preliminary sorted out these pieces and tentatively give them the names: Wu se mai zang lun, Bi xi yi lun, Mai si hou, Liu shi bing fang, Bing yuan lun, Zhu bing zheng hou, Jing mai shu, Gui mai shu...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
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