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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031235/homeobox-genes-and-tooth-development-understanding-the-biological-pathways-and-applications-in-regenerative-dental-science
#1
REVIEW
Anand Ramanathan, Thekkeparambil Chandrabose Srijaya, Prema Sukumaran, Rosnah Binti Zain, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
OBJECTIVES: Homeobox genes are a group of conserved class of transcription factors that function as key regulators during the embryonic developmental processes. They act as master regulator for developmental genes, which involves coordinated actions of various auto and cross-regulatory mechanisms. In this review, we summarize the expression pattern of homeobox genes in relation to the tooth development and various signaling pathways or molecules contributing to the specific actions of these genes in the regulation of odontogenesis...
October 4, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031232/does-prior-domain-specific-content-knowledge-influence-students-recall-of-arguments-surrounding-interdisciplinary-topics
#2
Hiemke K Schmidt, Martin Rothgangel, Dietmar Grube
Awareness of various arguments can help interactants present opinions, stress points, and build counterarguments during discussions. At school, some topics are taught in a way that students learn to accumulate knowledge and gather arguments, and later employ them during debates. Prior knowledge may facilitate recalling information on well structured, fact-based topics, but does it facilitate recalling arguments during discussions on complex, interdisciplinary topics? We assessed the prior knowledge in domains related to a bioethical topic of 277 students from Germany (approximately 15 years old), their interest in the topic, and their general knowledge...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029132/general-practitioners-strategies-in-consultations-with-immigrants-in-norway-practice-based-shared-reflections-among-participants-in-focus-groups
#3
Stefán Hjörleifsson, Elise Hammer, Esperanza Díaz
Background: Immigrants comprise 16.8% of the population in Norway and meet General Practitioners (GPs) as their first point of contact with most health care services as do others in Norway. While Norwegian GPs are not trained in cultural competence, little is known about the extent to which they see good care for immigrants as relying on specific strategies. Objectives: To explore the thoughts of GPs in Norway about strategies they might use with immigrant patients...
September 28, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028901/a-collaborative-filtering-based-approach-to-biomedical-knowledge-discovery
#4
Jake Lever, Sitanshu Gakkhar, Michael Gottlieb, Tahereh Rashnavadi, Santina Lin, Celia Siu, Maia Smith, Martin Jones, Martin Krzywinski, Steven J Jones
Motivation: The increase in publication rates makes it challenging for an individual researcher to stay abreast of all relevant research in order to find novel research hypotheses. Literature-based discovery methods make use of knowledge graphs built using text mining and can infer future associations between biomedical concepts that will likely occur in new publications. These predictions are a valuable resource for researchers to explore a research topic. Current methods for prediction are based on the local structure of the knowledge graph...
September 26, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028595/-loser-or-popular-neural-response-to-social-status-words-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Jennifer S Silk, Kyung Hwa Lee, Rebecca Kerestes, Julianne M Griffith, Ronald E Dahl, Cecile D Ladouceur
Concerns about social status are ubiquitous during adolescence, with information about social status often conveyed in text formats. Depressed adolescents may show alterations in the functioning of neural systems supporting processing of social status information. We examined whether depressed youth exhibited altered neural activation to social status words in temporal and prefrontal cortical regions thought to be involved in social cognitive processing, and whether this response was associated with development...
September 23, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028438/laser-sintering-technology-and-balling-phenomenon
#6
Perihan Oyar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the balling phenomenon which occurs typically in Selective Laser Sintering (SLS). BACKGROUND DATA: The balling phenomenon is a typical SLS defect, and observed in laser sintered powder, significantly reduces the quality of SLS, and hinders the further development of SLS Technology. METHODS: Electronic database searches were performed using Google Scholar. The keywords "laser sintering, selective laser sintering, direct metal laser melting, and balling phenomenon" were searched in title/abstract of publications, limited to December 31, 2016...
October 13, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028375/health-disparities-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-blueprint-for-action-an-official-american-thoracic-society-statement
#7
Arunabh Talwar, Joe G N Garcia, Halley Tsai, Matthew Moreno, Tim Lahm, Roham T Zamanian, Roberto Machado, Steven M Kawut, Mona Selej, Stephen Mathai, Laura Hoyt D'Anna, Sonu Sahni, Erik J Rodriquez, Richard Channick, Karen Fagan, Michael Gray, Jessica Armstrong, Josanna Rodriguez Lopez, Vinicio de Jesus Perez
BACKGROUND: Health disparities have a major impact in the quality of life and clinical care received by minorities in the United States. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare cardiopulmonary disorder that affects children and adults and that, if untreated, results in premature death. The impact of health disparities in the diagnosis, treatment, and clinical outcome of patients with PAH has not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: The specific goals of this research statement were to conduct a critical review of the literature concerning health disparities in PAH, identify major research gaps and prioritize direction for future research...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028366/synthesis-modeling-and-biological-evaluation-of-hybrids-from-pyrazolo-1-5c-pyrimidine-as-antileishmanial-agents
#8
Kamal Fahmy Mohamed Atta, Tamer Mohamed Ibrahim, Omaima Osman Mahmoud Farahat, Tareq Qasem Al-Shargabi, Mohamed Gaber Marei, Adnan Ahmed Bekhit, El Sayed Helmy El Ashry
AIM: A new series of pyrazolo[1,5-c]pyrimidines were synthesized by different hybridization strategies. METHODOLOGY: All structures were confirmed by IR, (1)H, (13)C, (1)H-(13)C heteronuclear multiple-quantum correlation (HMQC) spectra and microanalysis. They were evaluated for their in vitro antileishmanial activity against miltefosine and amphotericin B deoxycholate as reference drugs. RESULTS: The most active compounds 2a and 9a demonstrated superior potencies to miltefosine by ten- and six-fold, respectively, for the promastigote form, and by 5...
October 13, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028282/characteristics-of-quality-improvement-champions-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#9
Kyungmi Woo, Gvira Milworm, Dawn Dowding
BACKGROUND: Improving care quality while reducing cost has always been a focus of nursing homes. Certified nursing assistants comprise the largest proportion of the workforce in nursing homes and have the potential to contribute to the quality of care provided. Quality improvement (QI) initiatives using certified nursing assistants as champions have the potential to improve job satisfaction, which has been associated with care quality. AIMS: To identify the role, use and preparation of champions in a nursing home setting as a way of informing future QI strategies in nursing homes...
October 13, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028179/reconstructing-one-articulated-networks-with-distance-matrices
#10
Kuang-Yu Chang, Yun Cui, Siu-Ming Yiu, Wing-Kai Hon
Given a distance matrix M that represents evolutionary distances between any two species, an edge-weighted phylogenetic network N is said to satisfy M if between any pair of species, there exists a path in N with a length equal to the corresponding entry in M. In this article, we consider a special class of networks called a one-articulated network, which is a proper superset of galled trees. We show that if the distance matrix M is derived from an ultrametric one-articulated network N (i.e., for any species X and Y, the entry [Formula: see text] is equal to the shortest distance between X and Y in N), we can re-construct a network that satisfies M in [Formula: see text] time, where n denotes the number of species; further, the reconstructed network is guaranteed to be the simplest, in a sense that the number of hybrid nodes is minimized...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028176/a-biclique-approach-to-reference-anchored-gene-blocks-and-its-applications-to-genomic-islands
#11
Arnon Benshahar, Vered Chalifa-Caspi, Danny Hermelin, Michal Ziv-Ukelson
We formalize a new problem variant in gene-block discovery, denoted Reference-Anchored Gene Blocks (RAGB), given a query sequence Q of length n, representing the gene array of a DNA element, a window size bound d on the length of a substring of interest in Q, and a set of target gene sequences [Formula: see text]. Our objective is to identify gene blocks in [Formula: see text] that are centered in a subset q of co-localized genes from Q, and contain genomes from [Formula: see text] in which the corresponding orthologs of the genes from q are also co-localized...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027835/identifying-the-types-of-support-needed-by-interprofessional-teams-providing-pediatric-end-of-life-care-a-thematic-analysis
#12
Clare O Riotte, Stephanie K Kukora, Patricia M Keefer, Janice I Firn
BACKGROUND: Despite the number of interprofessional team members caring for children at the end of life, little evidence exists on how institutions can support their staff in providing care in these situations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate which aspects of the hospital work environment were most helpful for multidisciplinary team members who care for patients at the end of life and identify areas for improvement to better address staff needs. DESIGN: Qualitative thematic analysis was completed of free-text comments from a survey distributed to interprofessional staff members involved in the care of a recently deceased pediatric patient...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027813/classic-text-no-113-final-chapter-from-india-to-the-planet-mars-a-study-of-a-case-of-somnambulism-with-glossolalia-by-th%C3%A3-odore-flournoy-1900
#13
Everton de Oliveira Maraldi, Carlos S Alvarado
Among the many attempts to explain mediumship psychologically at the turn of the century were the efforts of Swiss psychologist Théodore Flournoy (1854-1920). In his well-known book Des Indes à la Planète Mars (1900), translated as From India to the Planet Mars (1900), Flournoy analysed the mediumistic productions of medium Hélène Smith (1861-1929), consisting of accounts of previous lives in France and in India, and material about planet Mars. Flournoy explained the phenomena as a function of cryptomnesia, suggestive influences, and subconscious creativity, analyses that influenced both psychology and psychical research...
October 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027663/the-role-of-cardiac-vagal-tone-and-inhibitory-control-in-pre-schoolers-listening-comprehension
#14
Sara Scrimin, Elisabetta Patron, Elena Florit, Daniela Palomba, Lucia Mason
This study investigated the role of basal cardiac activity and inhibitory control at the beginning of the school year in predicting oral comprehension at the end of the year in pre-schoolers. Forty-three, 4-year-olds participated in the study. At the beginning of the school year children's electrocardiogram at rest was registered followed by the assessment of inhibitory control as well as verbal working memory and verbal ability. At the end of the year all children were administered a listening comprehension ability measure...
October 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027508/practice-based-small-group-learning-pbsgl-in-scotland-a-survey-of-registered-pharmacy-staff-and-general-practice-nurses
#15
David E Cunningham, Leon Zlotos
INTRODUCTION: Practice-based small group learning (PBSGL) has grown in primary healthcare in Scotland, and is used regularly by 2244 GPs and GP specialist trainees. The programme has been available to general practice nurses (GPNs) and pharmacy staff since uni-professional and inter-professional pilot studies were considered successful. Growth has been slower compared to GPs uptake but has now reached significant levels. It seemed timely to evaluate the use of the programme by these professions...
October 13, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027144/erratum-to-quantitative-physiology-and-elemental-composition-of-kluyveromyces-lactis-cbs-2359-during-growth-on-glucose-at-different-specific-growth-rates
#16
Oscar Dias, Thiago O Basso, Isabel Rocha, Eugénio C Ferreira, Andreas K Gombert
In the original publication of the article, the below mentioned errors have appeared. The correct text is provided in this erratum, In the abstract section, the sentence "This dataset serve" should be replaced as "This dataset serves". Also, the reference "Basso TO, Gomes FS, Lopes ML, et al (2014) Homo- and heterofermentative lactobacilli differently affect sugarcane-based fuel ethanol fermentation. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 105:169-177. doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-0063-6 " should be replaced as "Basso TO, Dario MG, Tonso A, Stambuk BU, Gombert AK (2010) Insufficient uracil supply in fully aerobic chemostat cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae leads to respiro-fermentative metabolism and double nutrient-limitation...
October 12, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027064/light-scattering-measurements-in-electron-beam-sterilized-corneas-stored-in-recombinant-human-serum-albumin
#17
Khoa D Tran, Yan Li, Jeffrey D Holiman, Maolong Tang, David Huang, Michael D Straiko, Christopher G Stoeger
Irradiated corneal tissues have been used for a variety of ophthalmic procedures including glaucoma drainage device covers and lamellar grafts. The maintenance of corneal clarity is important, as light obstructions resulting from processing or long-term storage of irradiated corneas may negatively affect vision and postoperative cosmesis. It has been reported that corneal tissues can be preserved in human serum albumin (HSA), however, the clarity of corneas after long-term storage in HSA has not been well described...
October 12, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026694/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-school-children-s-caries-studies-in-gulf-cooperation-council-states
#18
REVIEW
Wafa Alayyan, Manal Al Halabi, Iyad Hussein, Amar Khamis, Mawlood Kowash
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of dental caries school children in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) area, to help the development of systematic approaches for preventive oral care programs in the GCC states and to provide sound information for oral health promotion and public health care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search to identify both published and unpublished articles concerning relevant studies of dental caries in children aged 6-16 years for their permanent teeth published from 1992 to 2016 with no language and time limit was performed...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026457/applications-of-information-and-communications-technologies-to-public-health-a-scoping-review-using-the-mesh-term-public-health-informatics
#19
Arjun Kumar Bhattarai, Aein Zarrin, Joon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the public health domains, key informatics concepts, and information and communications technologies (ICTs) applied in articles that are tagged with the MeSH term "public health informatics" and primarily focus on applying ICTs to public health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MeSH term "public health informatics" was searched on MEDLINE-PubMed. The results of the search were then screened in two steps in order to only include articles about applying ICTs to public health problems...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026408/camel-milk-has-beneficial-effects-on-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Parvin Mirmiran, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Pooneh Angoorani, Fariba Eslami, Fereidoun Azizi
CONTEXT: Controlling diabetes, a worldwide metabolic disease, by effective alternative treatments is currently a topic of great interest. Camel milk is believed to be a suitable hypoglycemic agent in experimental animals and patients with diabetes. The current systematic review aimed at evaluating the effect of camel milk on diabetes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive search was dine in PubMed and Scopus for all clinical trials and animal studies documented up to 2015, which focused on the effect of camel milk on diabetes markers...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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