Read by QxMD icon Read


Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Alexa Craig, Christine James, Janelle Bainter, Francis L Lucas, Scott Evans, John Glazer, Donna Dowling
BACKGROUND: The traumatic experiences of parents of babies treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) have been described. No research has assessed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurse experience in providing care to hypothermic babies and emotional support to their parents. PURPOSE: To assess NICU nurse attitudes to the provision of TH with respect to perceptions about baby pain/sedation, need for nurse and parent education, decision making about initiation of TH, and barriers to best care...
October 18, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Heewon Park, Atsushi Niida, Seiya Imoto, Satoru Miyano
Driver gene selection is crucial to understand the heterogeneous system of cancer. To identity cancer driver genes, various statistical strategies have been proposed, especially the L1-type regularization methods have drawn a large amount of attention. However, the statistical approaches have been developed purely from algorithmic and statistical point, and the existing studies have applied the statistical approaches to genomic data analysis without consideration of biological knowledge. We consider a statistical strategy incorporating biological knowledge to identify cancer driver gene...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
Kevin Wong, Jessica R Levi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate the readability of pediatric otolaryngology-related patient education materials from leading online sources. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: All pediatric otolaryngology-related articles from the online patient health libraries of the top 10 US News & World Report-ranked children's hospitals, top 5 Doximity-ranked pediatric otolaryngology fellowships, and the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery were collected...
October 18, 2016: Laryngoscope
Michael Bobian, Aron Kandinov, Nour El-Kashlan, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Ross Mayerhoff, Jean Anderson Eloy, S Naweed Raza
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Despite the increasing role of mobile applications (apps) in patient education, there has been little inquiry evaluating the quality of these resources. Because poor health literacy has been associated with inferior health outcomes, evaluating the quality of patient education materials takes on great importance. Our objective was to employ validated readability tools for the evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) mobile apps. METHODS: GERD-specific apps found in the Apple App Store (Apple Inc...
October 18, 2016: Laryngoscope
Richard J E James, Claire O'Malley, Richard J Tunney
This manuscript reviews the extant literature on key issues related to mobile gambling and considers whether the potential risks of harm emerging from this platform are driven by pre-existing comorbidities or by psychological processes unique to mobile gambling. We propose an account based on associative learning that suggests this form of gambling is likely to show distinctive features compared with other gambling technologies. Smartphones are a rapidly growing platform on which individuals can gamble using specifically designed applications, adapted websites or text messaging...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Psychology
Michael D Jibson, Lisa S Seyfried
OBJECTIVE: The publication of DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in 2013 was accompanied by the release of a series of APA-approved "essential guides" to aid clinicians and trainees in its use and the transition from DSM-IV. Several of these were explicitly designated as study guides, but all serve educational as well as clinical functions. To assist trainees and educators in their selection of appropriate materials for study and teaching, several of these books were reviewed from the perspective of psychiatry education...
October 17, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Antonio Oseas de Carvalho Filho, Aristófanes Corrêa Silva, Anselmo Cardoso de Paiva, Rodolfo Acatauassú Nunes, Marcelo Gattass
Using images from the Image Database Consortium and Image Database Resource Initiative (LIDC-IDRI), we developed a methodology for classifying lung nodules. The proposed methodology uses image processing and pattern recognition techniques. To classify volumes of interest into nodules and non-nodules, we used shape measurements only, analyzing their shape using shape diagrams, proportion measurements, and a cylinder-based analysis. In addition, we use the support vector machine classifier. To test the proposed methodology, it was applied to 833 images from the LIDC-IDRI database, and cross-validation with k-fold, where [Formula: see text], was used to validate the results...
October 17, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Gang Deng, Zhan-Dong Qiu, Da-Yong Li, Yu Fang, Su-Ming Zhang
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Aldosterone was reported to be increased in patients with OSA and correlated with OSA severity. Many studies investigated the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on plasma aldosterone concentrations (PAC) in OSA patients. The results, however, were inconsistent. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of CPAP therapy on PAC by performing a meta-analysis. Literature search was carried out in electronic databases including PubMed/Medline, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Science...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Todd P Chang, Sheree M Schrager, Alyssa J Rake, Michael W Chan, Phung K Pham, Grant Christman
Multimedia in assessing clinical decision-making skills (CDMS) has been poorly studied, particularly in comparison to traditional text-based assessments. The literature suggests multimedia is more difficult for trainees. We hypothesize that pediatric residents score lower in diagnostic skill when clinical vignettes use multimedia rather than text for patient findings. A standardized method was developed to write text-based questions from 60 high-resolution, quality multimedia; a series of expert panels selected 40 questions with both a multimedia and text-based counterpart, and two online tests were developed...
October 17, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Jun Qiu, Fang-Fang Li
Mechanical properties of a single cell and its mechanical response under stimulation play an important role in regulating interactions between cell and extracellular matrix and affecting mechanotransduction. Osteocytes exhibit solid-like viscoelastic behavior in response to the interstitial fluid shear resulting from tissue matrix deformation. This study intends to quantitatively describe the mechanical behavior of osteocytes combining in vitro experiment and fluid-structure interaction (FSI) finite element (FE) model...
October 17, 2016: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Alexandre Baptista, Inês Teixeira, Sónia Romano, António Vaz Carneiro, Julian Perelman
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of cost-effectiveness, cost-utility, and cost-benefit studies of DPP-4 inhibitors for diabetes treatment versus other antidiabetics. METHODS: Three investigators searched the CRD York, Tufts CEA Registry, and MEDLINE databases through 2015. We reviewed all potentially relevant titles and abstracts, and screened full-text articles, according to inclusion criteria. We established a quality score for each study based on a 35-item list...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
Xinyang Liu, Sukryool Kang, William Plishker, George Zaki, Timothy D Kane, Raj Shekhar
The purpose of this work was to develop a clinically viable laparoscopic augmented reality (AR) system employing stereoscopic (3-D) vision, laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS), and electromagnetic (EM) tracking to achieve image registration. We investigated clinically feasible solutions to mount the EM sensors on the 3-D laparoscope and the LUS probe. This led to a solution of integrating an externally attached EM sensor near the imaging tip of the LUS probe, only slightly increasing the overall diameter of the probe...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
Sam Y Bae, Ronald J Korniski, Michael Shearn, Harish M Manohara, Hrayr Shahinian
High-resolution three-dimensional (3-D) imaging (stereo imaging) by endoscopes in minimally invasive surgery, especially in space-constrained applications such as brain surgery, is one of the most desired capabilities. Such capability exists at larger than 4-mm overall diameters. We report the development of a stereo imaging endoscope of 4-mm maximum diameter, called Multiangle, Rear-Viewing Endoscopic Tool (MARVEL) that uses a single-lens system with complementary multibandpass filter (CMBF) technology to achieve 3-D imaging...
January 2017: Neurophotonics
Vincent Buskens, Chris Snijders
We study how payoffs and network structure affect reaching the payoff-dominant equilibrium in a [Formula: see text] coordination game that actors play with their neighbors in a network. Using an extensive simulation analysis of over 100,000 networks with 2-25 actors, we show that the importance of network characteristics is restricted to a limited part of the payoff space. In this part, we conclude that the payoff-dominant equilibrium is chosen more often if network density is larger, the network is more centralized, and segmentation of the network is smaller...
2016: Dynamic Games and Applications
Jay Thakkar, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Gaurav Purohit, Swetha Thakkar, Jitender Sharma, Sunilkumar Verma, Neeraj Parakh, Sandeep Seth, Sundeep Mishra, Rakesh Yadav, Sandeep Singh, Rohina Joshi, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Text message based prevention programs have demonstrated reduction in cardiovascular risk factors among patients with CHD in selected populations. Customisation is important as behaviour change is influenced by culture and linguistic context. OBJECTIVES: To customise a mobile phone text message program supporting behaviour and treatment adherence in CHD for delivery in North India...
2016: Heart Asia
Benjamin L Cook, Ana M Progovac, Pei Chen, Brian Mullin, Sherry Hou, Enrique Baca-Garcia
Natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning were used to predict suicidal ideation and heightened psychiatric symptoms among adults recently discharged from psychiatric inpatient or emergency room settings in Madrid, Spain. Participants responded to structured mental and physical health instruments at multiple follow-up points. Outcome variables of interest were suicidal ideation and psychiatric symptoms (GHQ-12). Predictor variables included structured items (e.g., relating to sleep and well-being) and responses to one unstructured question, "how do you feel today?" We compared NLP-based models using the unstructured question with logistic regression prediction models using structured data...
2016: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Maya B Mathur, Michael Gould, Nayer Khazeni
Background: Direct-to-consumer (DTC) prescription drug advertisements are thought to induce "boomerang effects," meaning they reduce the perceived effectiveness of a potential alternative option: non-pharmaceutical treatment via lifestyle change. Past research has observed such effects using artificially created, text-only advertisements that may not adequate capture the complex, conflicting portrayal of lifestyle change in real television advertisements. In other risk domains, individual "problem status" often moderates boomerang effects, such that subjects who currently engage in the risky behavior exhibit the strongest boomerang effects...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
N A Giraldo, P Amariles, M Monsalve, M J Faus
BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy has extended the expected lifespan of patients with HIV/AIDS. However, the therapeutic benefits of some drugs used simultaneously with highly active antiretroviral therapy may be adversely affected by drug interactions. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to design and develop a free software to facilitate analysis, assessment, and clinical decision making according to the clinical relevance of drug interactions in patients with HIV/AIDS...
September 23, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Catherine McParlin, Ruth Bell, Stephen C Robson, Colin R Muirhead, Vera Araújo-Soares
OBJECTIVE: to investigate barriers and facilitators to physical activity (PA) guideline implementation for midwives when advising obese pregnant women. DESIGN: a cross-sectional, self-completion, anonymous questionnaire was designed using the Theoretical Domains Framework. this framework was developed to evaluate the implementation of guidelines by health care professionals. A total of 40 questions were included. These were informed by previous research on pregnant women's and midwives views, knowledge and attitudes to PA, and supported by national evidence based guidelines...
September 28, 2016: Midwifery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"