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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457923/flipping-social-determinants-on-its-head-medical-student-perspectives-on-the-flipped-classroom-and-simulated-patients-to-teach-social-determinants-of-health
#1
N Gostelow, J Barber, F Gishen, A Berlin
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in healthcare are increasing. Engaging medical students to tackle this urgent challenge alongside clinical sciences can be demanding. This study examines medical student perceptions of a flipped approach to health inequalities co-designed by faculty and sixth-year students. INNOVATION: A flipped learning session was piloted for year 4 medical students combining an online lesson followed by a tutorial with a simulated patient. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach collected questionnaire data using 4-point Likert scales and free text answers...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457508/integrative-review-of-mobile-phone-contacts-and-medication-adherence-in-severe-mental-illness
#2
Cordellia E Bright
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is a significant problem in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). About 50% of people with SMI become nonadherent to treatment in the first month following discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: This study examined literature in the past decade (2006-2016) on the use of mobile phone contacts in individuals with SMI to improve medication adherence post hospital discharge. DESIGN: This integrative review used the search terms texting, text messaging, SMS, cell/mobile phone, medication adherence, medication compliance, and mental illness...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457416/-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-pfna-and-intertan-for-the-treatment-of-intertrochanteric-fractures
#3
Jun-Jun Shi, Yu-Ze Wang, Yuan Li, Yuan-Peng Gao, Dong Wang, Zhi-Yong Wang, Zhi-Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To system evaluate the clinical effect and safety of PFNA and InterTAN internal fixation methods for femoral intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: According to the Cochrane systemic analysis method, randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized controlled trials which were about the comparison of PFNA and InterTAN for intertrochanteric fracture were collected from Cochrane Library(2017, issue 4), PubMed (January, 2003-May, 2017), Wanfang Med Online (January, 2003-May, 2017) and China Academic Journals Full-text Database(January, 2003-May, 2017) by computer searching...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457339/subjective-sleep-quality-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Kenneth Lo, Brigitte Woo, Martin Wong, Wilson Tam
Sleep quality is an important aspect of sleep, but no meta-analysis has elucidated its relationship with blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. A meta-analysis was conducted in October 2016 using multiple databases, including Embase and Medline. Studies that assessed subjective sleep quality and BP or hypertension were included. Upon full-text evaluation, 29 articles from 45 041 patients were selected, of which 22 articles were included in the meta-analysis and seven were presented narratively. Poor sleep quality was significantly associated with a greater likelihood of hypertension (odds ratio, 1...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456984/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-the-anxiety-disorders-among-adolescent-girls
#5
Afsaneh Karbasi, Azadeh Haratian
Background: The prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents are found to be approximately between 8-12 and 5-10, respectively, and the long-lasting effects of such disorders can expose the sufferers to impairment and dysfunction in several areas of life the examples of which are poor educational performance, low self-esteem, and depression. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) in treating the anxiety disorders among adolescent females...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456897/detection-of-essential-tremor-at-the-formula-see-text-band
#6
Xiaodong Yang, Syed Aziz Shah, Aifeng Ren, Dou Fan, Nan Zhao, Dongjian Cao, Fangming Hu, Masood Ur Rehman, Weigang Wang, Karen M Von Deneen, Jie Tian
Essential tremor (ET) is a neurological disorder characterized by rhythmic, involuntary shaking of a part or parts of the body. The most common tremor is seen in the hands/arms and fingers. This paper presents an evaluation of ETs monitoring based on finger-to-nose test measurement as captured by small wireless devices working in shortwave or [Formula: see text]-band frequency range. The acquired signals in terms of amplitude and phase information are used to detect a tremor in the hands. Linearly transforming raw phase data acquired in the [Formula: see text]-band were carried out for calibrating the phase information and to improve accuracy...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456615/how-has-the-presidential-election-affected-young-americans
#7
EDITORIAL
Melissa DeJonckheere, Andre Fisher, Tammy Chang
The 2016 presidential election season and subsequent political events have had physical and emotional impacts on youth. We collected qualitative insights from 14 to 24 year olds across the US related to these events over time. Open-ended probes were sent via text message at three time points before and after the 2016 presidential election. The majority of youth reported emotional stress during all three time points, and female participants were significantly more likely to experience emotional responses. White participants were more likely to report negative symptoms than their peers both pre-election and at 4-months post-election...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456419/zipf-mandelbrot-law-f-divergences-and-the-jensen-type-interpolating-inequalities
#8
Neda Lovričević, Ðilda Pečarić, Josip Pečarić
Motivated by the method of interpolating inequalities that makes use of the improved Jensen-type inequalities, in this paper we integrate this approach with the well known Zipf-Mandelbrot law applied to various types of f -divergences and distances, such are Kullback-Leibler divergence, Hellinger distance, Bhattacharyya distance (via coefficient), [Formula: see text]-divergence, total variation distance and triangular discrimination. Addressing these applications, we firstly deduce general results of the type for the Csiszár divergence functional from which the listed divergences originate...
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456417/orlicz-garling-sequence-spaces-of-difference-operator-and-their-domination-in-orlicz-lorentz-spaces
#9
Charu Sharma, Syed Abdul Mohiuddine, Kuldip Raj, Ali H Alkhaldi
We introduce new classes of generalized Orlicz-Garling sequences and Orlicz-Lorentz sequences by using a sequence of Orlicz functions and difference operator. We show that the Orlicz-Garling sequence space admits a unique 1-subsymmetric basis and a 1-dominated block basic sequence in [Formula: see text]. We also make an effort to prove that every symmetric normalized block Orlicz-Garling sequence dominates an Orlicz-Lorentz sequence. Finally, we study some geometric properties of these spaces and establish some inclusion relations between spaces...
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456416/endpoint-regularity-of-discrete-multisublinear-fractional-maximal-operators-associated-with-formula-see-text-balls
#10
Feng Liu
In this paper we investigate the endpoint regularity of the discrete m -sublinear fractional maximal operator associated with [Formula: see text]-balls, both in the centered and uncentered versions. We show that these operators map [Formula: see text] into [Formula: see text] boundedly and continuously. Here [Formula: see text] represents the set of functions of bounded variation defined on [Formula: see text].
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456286/examining-thematic-similarity-difference-and-membership-in-three-online-mental-health-communities-from-reddit-a-text-mining-and-visualization-approach
#11
Albert Park, Mike Conway, Annie T Chen
Objectives: Social media, including online health communities, have become popular platforms for individuals to discuss health challenges and exchange social support with others. These platforms can provide support for individuals who are concerned about social stigma and discrimination associated with their illness. Although mental health conditions can share similar symptoms and even co-occur, the extent to which discussion topics in online mental health communities are similar, different, or overlapping is unknown...
January 2018: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456259/improvement-of-electromagnetic-field-distributions-using-high-dielectric-constant-hdc-materials-for-ctl-spine-mri-numerical-simulations-and-experiments
#12
Bu S Park, Brent McCright, Leonardo M Angelone, Amir Razjouyan, Sunder S Rajan
This study investigates the use of pads with high dielectric constant (HDC) materials to alter electromagnetic field distributions in patients during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The study was performed with numerical simulations and phantom measurements. An initial proof-of-concept and validation was performed using a phantom at 64 MHz, showing increases of up to 10% in electromagnetic field when using distilled water as the high dielectric material. Additionally, numerical simulations with computational models of human anatomy were performed at 128 MHz...
October 2017: IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456258/modifying-the-standard-disk-model-for-the-ultraviolet-spectral-analysis-of-disk-dominated-cataclysmic-variables-i-the-novalikes-mv-lyrae-bz-camelopardalis-and-v592-cassiopeiae
#13
Patrick Godon, Edward M Sion, Şölen Balman, William P Blair
The standard disk is often inadequate to model disk-dominated cataclysmic variables (CVs) and generates a spectrum that is bluer than the observed UV spectra. X-ray observations of these systems reveal an optically thin boundary layer (BL) expected to appear as an inner hole in the disk. Consequently, we truncate the inner disk. However, instead of removing the inner disk, we impose the no-shear boundary condition at the truncation radius, thereby lowering the disk temperature and generating a spectrum that better fits the UV data...
September 1, 2017: Astrophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456126/body-quest-parent-a-text-message-parent-education-intervention-to-supplement-a-school-based-obesity-prevention-initiative-for-third-graders
#14
Katie Funderburk, Barb Struempler, Sondra M Parmer, Jamie B Griffin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455721/fit4yams-structuring-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-rural-overweight-and-obese-young-adult-males-using-participatory-design
#15
Jannine Bailey, Cristyn Davies, Timothy McCrossin, Michael Kiernan, Rachel Skinner, Katharine Steinbeck, Kumara Mendis
PURPOSE: Young adult males (YAMs) are understudied with respect to lifestyle interventions to address overweight and obesity in this group. This study reports on the participatory design of the structure and delivery of the Fit4YAMs text message-based lifestyle intervention for 18- to 25-year-old rural YAMs in Australia. METHODS: Two semi-structured focus group discussions were held with six overweight or obese YAMs. Sessions explored their preferences for the structure and delivery of a weight loss intervention...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455699/existing-approaches-to-chemical-biological-radiological-and-nuclear-cbrn-education-and-training-for-health-professionals-findings-from-an-integrative-literature-review
#16
Mayumi Kako, Karen Hammad, Satoko Mitani, Paul Arbon
OBJECTIVES: This review was conducted to explore the literature to determine the availability, content, and evaluation of existing chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) education programs for health professionals. METHODS: An integrative review of the international literature describing disaster education for CBRN (2004-2016) was conducted. The following relevant databases were searched: Proquest, Pubmed, Science Direct, Scopus, Journals @ OVID, Google Scholar, Medline, and Ichuschi ver...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455250/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-post-acute-inpatient-rehabilitation
#17
REVIEW
I Churilov, L Churilov, R J MacIsaac, E I Ekinci
Sarcopenia is associated with poor function and increased risk of falls and disability. This work reports a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence of sarcopenia in post acute inpatient rehabilitation. Sarcopenia is found to be present in approximately 50% of rehabilitation patients and its prevalence may vary with admission diagnosis. PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of reported prevalence of sarcopenia in post acute inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Systematic review conducted according to PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO registration number CRD42016054135)...
February 18, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455169/positron-emission-tomography-pet-for-prediction-of-glioma-histology-protocol-for-an-individual-level-data-meta-analysis-of-test-performance
#18
Nikolaos A Trikalinos, Takashi Nihashi, Evangelos Evangelou, Teruhiko Terasawa
INTRODUCTION: Gliomas, the most commonly diagnosed primary brain tumours, are associated with varied survivals based, in part, on their histological subtype. Therefore, accurate pretreatment tumour grading is essential for patient care and clinical trial design. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will perform an individual-level data meta-analysis of published studies to evaluate the ability of different types of positron emission tomography (PET) to differentiate high from low-grade gliomas...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455118/multivariate-dynamic-tobit-models-with-lagged-observed-dependent-variables-an-effectiveness-analysis-of-highway-safety-laws
#19
Chunjiao Dong, Kun Xie, Jin Zeng, Xia Li
Highway safety laws aim to influence driver behaviors so as to reduce the frequency and severity of crashes, and their outcomes. For one specific highway safety law, it would have different effects on the crashes across severities. Understanding such effects can help policy makers upgrade current laws and hence improve traffic safety. To investigate the effects of highway safety laws on crashes across severities, multivariate models are needed to account for the interdependency issues in crash counts across severities...
February 15, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454869/the-intrapartum-and-perinatal-risks-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Nicole T Brown, Jessica M Turner, Sailesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing is an increasingly common condition in non-obstetric populations and is associated with significant morbidity. The incidence of sleep-disordered breathing in pregnancy is unknown and it is likely that many cases go undiagnosed. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to determine if pregnant women diagnosed with sleep-disordered breathing are more likely to have adverse intrapartum and perinatal outcomes compared to controls...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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