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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141975/dietary-strategies-to-reduce-environmental-impact-a-critical-review-of-the-evidence-base
#1
REVIEW
Bradley G Ridoutt, Gilly A Hendrie, Manny Noakes
The food system is a major source of environmental impact, and dietary change has been recommended as an important and necessary strategy to reduce this impact. However, assessing the environmental performance of diets is complex due to the many types of foods eaten and the diversity of agricultural production systems and local environmental settings. To assess the state of science and identify knowledge gaps, an integrative review of the broad topic of environment and diet was undertaken, with particular focus on the completeness of coverage of environmental concerns and the metrics used...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127333/a-light-activated-antimicrobial-surface-is-active-against-bacterial-viral-and-fungal-organisms
#2
Tim Walker, Melisa Canales, Sacha Noimark, Kristopher Page, Ivan Parkin, Jane Faull, Manni Bhatti, Lena Ciric
Evidence has shown that environmental surfaces play an important role in the transmission of nosocomial pathogens. Deploying antimicrobial surfaces in hospital wards could reduce the role environmental surfaces play as reservoirs for pathogens. Herein we show a significant reduction in viable counts of Staphylococcus epidermidis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and MS2 Bacteriophage after light treatment of a medical grade silicone incorporating crystal violet, methylene blue and 2 nm gold nanoparticles. Furthermore, a migration assay demonstrated that in the presence of light, growth of the fungus-like organism Pythium ultimum and the filamentous fungus Botrytis cinerea was inhibited...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121153/evolution-of-practice-patterns-for-the-treatment-of-fungal-keratitis
#3
Catherine E Oldenburg, N Venkatesh Prajna, Abdou Amza, Allison Loh, Nisha R Acharya, Mark J Mannis, Thomas M Lietman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102687/rosacea-comorbidities-and-future-research-the-2017-update-by-the-national-rosacea-society-expert-committee
#4
EDITORIAL
Richard L Gallo, Richard D Granstein, Sewon Kang, Mark Mannis, Martin Steinhoff, Jerry Tan, Diane Thiboutot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101835/blending-virtual-with-conventional-learning-to-improve-student-midwifery-skills-in-india
#5
Sudharsanam Manni Balasubramaniam, Saurabh Bhargava, Neeraj Agrawal, Rashmi Asif, Lalhmangaihi Chawngthu, Pallavi Sinha, Somesh Kumar, Bulbul Sood
India's state of Bihar has suboptimal quality of pre-service training for auxiliary nurse midwives. To address this, state government of Bihar implemented a blended training model to supplement conventional classroom teaching with virtual training. A 72-hour virtual training package with updated content on key maternal and newborn health practices was developed for final year students and broadcasted from one instructor location simultaneously to two auxiliary nurse midwives training centres. This pre-post intervention study compared skills of two auxiliary nurse midwife student cohorts...
October 23, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095677/long-term-results-of-the-foll05-trial-comparing-r-cvp-versus-r-chop-versus-r-fm-for-the-initial-treatment-of-patients-with-advanced-stage-symptomatic-follicular-lymphoma
#6
Stefano Luminari, Angela Ferrari, Martina Manni, Alessandra Dondi, Annalisa Chiarenza, Francesco Merli, Chiara Rusconi, Vittoria Tarantino, Alessandra Tucci, Umberto Vitolo, Sofia Kovalchuk, Emanuele Angelucci, Alessandro Pulsoni, Luca Arcaini, Francesco Angrilli, Gianluca Gaidano, Caterina Stelitano, Giovanni Bertoldero, Nicola Cascavilla, Flavia Salvi, Andrés J M Ferreri, Daniele Vallisa, Luigi Marcheselli, Massimo Federico
Purpose The FOLL05 trial compared R-CVP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone) with R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) and R-FM (rituximab plus fludarabine and mitoxantrone) regimens without rituximab maintenance as initial therapy for patients with advanced-stage follicular lymphoma (FL). A previous analysis with a median follow-up of 34 months showed a superior 3-year time to treatment failure, the primary study end point, with R-CHOP and R-FM versus R-CVP and showed R-CHOP to have a better risk-benefit ratio in terms of toxicity than R-FM...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089180/standard-classification-and-pathophysiology-of-rosacea-the-2017-update-by-the-national-rosacea-society-expert-committee
#7
REVIEW
Richard L Gallo, Richard D Granstein, Sewon Kang, Mark Mannis, Martin Steinhoff, Jerry Tan, Diane Thiboutot
In 2002, the National Rosacea Society assembled an expert committee to develop the first standard classification of rosacea. This original classification was intended to be updated as scientific knowledge and clinical experience increased. Over the last 15 years, significant new insights into rosacea's pathogenesis and pathophysiology have emerged, and the disorder is now widely addressed in clinical practice. Growing knowledge of rosacea's pathophysiology has established that a consistent multivariate disease process underlies the various clinical manifestations of this disorder, and the clinical significance of each of these elements is increasing as more is understood...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077730/detection-of-central-visual-field-defects-in-early-glaucomatous-eyes-comparison-of-humphrey-and-octopus-perimetry
#8
Gloria Roberti, Gianluca Manni, Ivano Riva, Gabor Holló, Luciano Quaranta, Luca Agnifili, Michele Figus, Sara Giammaria, Davide Rastelli, Francesco Oddone
PURPOSE: To compare the detection rate of central visual field defect (CVFD) between the 30-degree Octopus G1 program (Dynamic strategy) and the HFA 10-2 SITA-Standard test in early glaucoma eyes not showing any CVFD on the HFA 24-2 SITA-Standard test. METHODS: One eye of 41 early glaucoma patients without CVFD in the central 10° on HFA 24-2 test was tested with both the HFA 10-2 test and the Octopus G1 program 15 minutes apart, in random order. The primary outcome measure was the comparison of CVFD detection rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075564/gender-differences-in-safety-issues-during-fingolimod-therapy-evidence-from-a-real-life-relapsing-multiple-sclerosis-cohort
#9
Alessia Manni, Vita Direnzo, Antonio Iaffaldano, Valentina Di Lecce, Carla Tortorella, Stefano Zoccolella, Pietro Iaffaldano, Maria Trojano, Damiano Paolicelli
OBJECTIVE: Benefits and risks of new therapies in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) must be balanced carefully and tailored to patients. We aimed to describe our experience with Fingolimod (FTY), correlating demographics, clinical and hematological features of the Relapsing MS (RMS) cohort with the occurring Adverse Events (AEs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pretreatment screening tests, cardiological observation, and safety follow-up data were analyzed in 225 RMS patients. Changes in continuous data were analyzed post hoc with Wilcoxon ranks test; categorical variables were examined using McNemar test...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074734/the-impact-of-out-of-hospital-models-of-care-on-paediatric-emergency-department-presentations
#10
Russell M Viner, Frances Blackburn, Francesca White, Randy Mannie, Tracy Parr, Sara Nelson, Claire Lemer, Anna Riddell, Mando Watson, Francesca Cleugh, Michelle Heys, Dougal S Hargreaves
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the potential impact of enhanced primary care and new out-of-hospital models (OOHMs) on emergency department (ED) presentations by children and young people (CYP). DESIGN: Observational study. PATIENTS & SETTING: Data collected prospectively on 3020 CYP 0â€"17.9 years from 6 London EDs during 14 days by 25 supernumerary clinicians. CYP with transient acute illness, exacerbation of long-term condition (LTC), complex LTC/disability and injury/trauma were considered manageable within OOHM...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052840/crowd-sourcing-of-membrane-fission-how-crowding-of-non-specialized-membrane-bound-proteins-contributes-to-cellular-membrane-fission
#11
REVIEW
Marco M Manni, Jure Derganc, Alenka Čopič
Fission of cellular membranes is ubiquitous and essential for life. Complex protein machineries, such as the dynamin and ESCRT spirals, have evolved to mediate membrane fission during diverse cellular processes, for example, vesicle budding. A new study suggests that non-specialized membrane-bound proteins can induce membrane fission through mass action due to protein crowding. Because up to 2/3 of the mass of cellular membranes is contributed by proteins, membrane protein crowding is an important physiological parameter...
October 20, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033546/safety-and-efficacy-profile-of-pembrolizumab-in-solid-cancer-pooled-reanalysis-based-on-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Manni Wang, Xuelei Ma, Linghong Guo, Fan Xia
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present review is to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab by analyzing survival outcomes and at the same time, to present evidence for future clinical applications of anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1) antibodies by analyzing the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Medline, and Embase was performed for all relevant clinical trials. In this study, adverse events of any grades and grades ≥3 were summarized and calculated for event rates...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025598/acute-myeloid-leukemia-with-t-14-21-involving-runx1-and-syne2-a-novel-favorable-risk-translocation
#13
Nicole Foley, Jessica Van Ziffle, Jingwei Yu, Zhongxia Qi, James P Grenert, Iwei Yeh, Boris Bastian, Scott Kogan, Gabriel N Mannis
In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a translocation between chromosomes 8q22 and 21q22 leads to the RUNX1-RUNXT1 fusion gene which, in the absence of a concomitant KIT mutation, generally portends a more favorable prognosis. Translocations at 21q22, other than those involving 8q22, are uncommon, and the specific prognostic and therapeutic implications are accordingly limited by the small number of reported cases. In this report, we describe the case of a 67-year-old gentleman who presented with AML harboring t(14;21)(q23;q22)...
October 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981945/-association-of-hla-a-b-drb1-alleles-and-haplotypes-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-among-ethnic-hans-from-northern-china
#14
Jun Qi, Liping Chen, Tianju Wang, Manni Wang, Xiaofang Wang, Junhua Wu, Shihui Ye
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A, -B, -DRB1 alleles and haplotypes with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) among ethnic Hans from northern China. METHODS: A total of 170 ALL patients (patient group) and 1241 unrelated healthy bone marrow donors (control group) were genotyped at a high-resolution level using polymerase chain reaction-sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT), sequence specific oligonucleotide probes (SSO) and sequence specific primer (SSP) typing methods...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972396/intranasal-nerve-growth-factor-administration-improves-cerebral-functions-in-a-child-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#15
Antonio Chiaretti, Giorgio Conti, Benedetto Falsini, Danilo Buonsenso, Matteo Crasti, Luigi Manni, Marzia Soligo, Claudia Fantacci, Orazio Genovese, Maria Lucia Calcagni, Daniela Di Giuda, Maria Vittoria Mattoli, Fabrizio Cocciolillo, Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Ruggiero, Susanna Staccioli, Giovanna Stefania Colafati, Riccardo Riccardi
BACKGROUND: Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes neural recovery after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) supporting neuronal growth, differentiation and survival of brain cells and up-regulating the neurogenesis-associated protein Doublecortin (DCX). Only a few studies reported NGF administration in paediatric patients with severe TBI. METHODS: A four-year-old boy in a persistent unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) was treated with intranasal murine NGF administration 6 months after severe TBI...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969692/role-of-protein-kinases-ck1%C3%AE-and-ck2-in-multiple-myeloma-regulation-of-pivotal-survival-and-stress-managing-pathways
#16
REVIEW
Sabrina Manni, Marilena Carrino, Francesco Piazza
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant tumor of transformed plasma cells. MM pathogenesis is a multistep process. This cancer can occur de novo (rarely) or it can develop from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (most of the cases). MM can be asymptomatic (smoldering myeloma) or clinically active. Malignant plasma cells exploit intrinsic and extrinsic bone marrow microenvironment-derived growth signals. Upregulation of stress-coping pathways is also instrumental to maintain MM cell growth. The phylogenetically related Ser/Thr kinases CSNK1A1 (CK1α) and CSNK2 (CK2) have recently gained a growing importance in hematologic malignancies arising both from precursors and from mature blood cells...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955492/prongf-p75ntr-axis-plays-a-proinflammatory-role-in-inflamed-joints-a-novel-pathogenic-mechanism-in-chronic-arthritis
#17
Gaetana Minnone, Marzia Soligo, Ivan Caiello, Giusi Prencipe, Luigi Manni, Denise Pires Marafon, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Antonio Manzo, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Luisa Bracci-Laudiero
OBJECTIVE: To identify the role of mature nerve growth factor (mNGF), its immature form proNGF and their receptors in arthritis inflammation. METHODS: Real-time PCR, western blot and ELISA were performed to evaluate NGF, proNGF, their receptor and cytokine expression in synovial tissue and cells of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and controls. RESULTS: proNGF and not mNGF is the prevalent form measured in synovial fluids of patients with JIA and RA with synovial fibroblasts as a major source of proNGF in the inflamed synoviae...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931037/assessment-of-renal-function-in-routine-care-of-people-living-with-hiv-on-art-in-a-resource-limited-setting-in-urban-zambia
#18
Andreas Deckert, Florian Neuhann, Christina Klose, Thomas Bruckner, Claudia Beiersmann, John Haloka, Mannie Nsofwa, Greg Banda, Maik Brune, Helmut Reutter, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Martin Zeier
INTRODUCTION: Data on renal impairment in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains scarce, determination of renal function is not part of routine assessments. We evaluated renal function and blood pressure in a cohort of people living with HIV (PLWH) on antiretroviral treatment (ART) in the Renal Care Zambia project (ReCaZa). METHODS: Using routine data from an HIV outpatient clinic from 2011-2013, we retrospectively estimated the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, CKD-Epi formula) of PLWH on ART in Lusaka, Zambia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906411/prognostic-value-of-maximum-standard-uptake-value-metabolic-tumor-volume-and-total-lesion-glycolysis-of-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Qingfang Li, Jing Zhang, Wei Cheng, Chenjing Zhu, Linyan Chen, Fan Xia, Manni Wang, Fuyao Yang, Xuelei Ma
BACKGROUND: The maximal standard uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) perform as new prognostic factors, but the outcomes of the published articles were inconclusive. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the prognostic value of SUVmax, MTV, and TLG of PET/CT in patients with NPC. METHODS: Relevant English articles were searched in PubMed and EMBASE...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885981/from-surnames-to-linguistic-and-genetic-diversity-five-centuries-of-internal-migrations-in-spain
#20
Roberto Rodríguez-Díaz, María José Blanco-Villegas, Franz Manni
In a previous study concerning 33,753 single Spanish surnames (considered as tokens) occurring 51,419,788 times we have shown that the present-day geography of contemporary surname variability in Spain still corresponds to the political geography of the country at the end of the Middle Ages. Here we reprocess the same database, by clustering surnames with Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs) according to their geographic distribution, to identify the monophyletic surnames showing a geo-historical origin in one of the 47 provinces of continental Spain...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
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