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Neurology Behavioural Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855720/pharmacological-interventions-for-agitation-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
David R Williamson, Anne Julie Frenette, Lisa Burry, Marc M Perreault, Emmanuel Charbonney, François Lamontagne, Marie-Julie Potvin, Jean-François Giguère, Sangeeta Mehta, Francis Bernard
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a worldwide leading cause of mortality and disability. Among TBI complications, agitation is a frequent behavioural problem. Agitation causes potential harm to patients and caregivers, interferes with treatments, leads to unnecessary chemical and physical restraints, increases hospital length of stay, delays rehabilitation, and impedes functional independence. Pharmacological treatments are often considered for agitation management following TBI...
November 17, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570959/-on-the-university-of-recovery
#2
Jean-François Pelletier, Christine Boisvert, Marie-Claude Galipeau-Leduc, Christian Ducasse, Denis Pouliot-Morneau, Julie Bordeleau
Objectives Located at the heart of a mental health university institute in Montreal, Canada, the University of Recovery (UR) is a peer-run agency of service users who came together as a private non-profit organization to promote their experiential knowledge in science and public health, and to transform the academic milieu as an inclusive work environment conducive to recovery and full citizenship. UR students can thus have access to scientific conferences and classes on various topics and invite scientists or other professionals to further discuss new discoveries and techniques, and possible ways of improving healthcare from a patients' and service users' perspective...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216280/management-of-headache-and-associated-factors-among-undergraduate-medicine-and-health-science-students-of-university-of-gondar-north-west-ethiopia
#3
Eshetie Melese Birru, Zenahebezu Abay, Mohammedbrhan Abdelwuhab, Abebe Basazn, Betelhem Sirak, Fitsum Sebsibe Teni
BACKGROUND: The headache disorders, namely, migraine and tension type headache and the associated analgesic consumption is badly underestimated and thus makes a major current public health problem. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of migraine and tension type headaches and the associated management options used among undergraduate students of College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia. METHOD: Institution based cross sectional study was conducted among 720 students in May, 2014...
2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913780/preface-to-the-cjep-special-section-on-numerical-cognition
#4
EDITORIAL
Jamie I D Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26458259/a-systematic-review-of-mirror-neuron-system-function-in-developmental-coordination-disorder-imitation-motor-imagery-and-neuroimaging-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Jess E Reynolds, Ashleigh L Thornton, Catherine Elliott, Jacqueline Williams, Brendan S Lay, Melissa K Licari
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the evidence of abnormal functioning of the mirror neuron system (MNS) in children and adults with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), through examination of imitation, motor imagery, and neuroimaging literature. METHODS: The following databases were comprehensively searched for relevant articles: CINAHL Plus, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Pubmed, and Web of Science. Full-text articles of all potentially relevant citations were obtained and assessed for eligibility by two authors...
December 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26379072/migraine-and-suicidal-behaviors-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Adam Nović, Kairi Kõlves, Siobhan O'Dwyer, Diego De Leo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to provide a picture of suicidality (suicide ideation and behavior, both fatal and nonfatal) among indviduals with migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine is a leading cause of disability around the world. Migraine may manifest with a number of symptoms, ranging from severe headaches to neurological sensory disturbances. Comorbid psychological conditions, such as depression, have also been linked to chronic migraine. DATA SOURCES: Articles were retrieved from SCOPUS, PubMed, Proquest, and Web of Science...
April 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26181216/experimental-pain-processing-in-individuals-with-cognitive-impairment-current-state-of-the-science
#7
REVIEW
Ruth Defrin, Martina Amanzio, Marina de Tommaso, Violeta Dimova, Sasa Filipovic, David P Finn, Lydia Gimenez-Llort, Sara Invitto, Christina Jensen-Dahm, Stefan Lautenbacher, Joukje M Oosterman, Laura Petrini, Chaim G Pick, Gisele Pickering, Lene Vase, Miriam Kunz
Cognitive impairment (CI) can develop during the course of ageing and is a feature of many neurological and neurodegenerative diseases. Many individuals with CI have substantial, sustained, and complex health care needs, which frequently include pain. However, individuals with CI can have difficulty communicating the features of their pain to others, which in turn presents a significant challenge for effective diagnosis and treatment of their pain. Herein, we review the literature on responsivity of individuals with CI to experimental pain stimuli...
August 2015: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25266576/a-systematic-review-of-behavioural-techniques-used-in-nutrition-and-weight-loss-interventions-among-adults-with-mobility-impairing-neurological-and-musculoskeletal-conditions
#8
REVIEW
M A Plow, S Moore, M Elaine Husni, J P Kirwan
Obesity is a common comorbidity in adults with mobility-impairing neurological and musculoskeletal conditions, such as stroke and arthritis. The interaction between mobility impairments and environmental factors often compromises motivation and ability to engage in healthy behaviours. Such difficulties to engage in healthy behaviours can result in energy imbalance, weight gain and a cycle of functional declines; i.e. obesity can exacerbate mobility impairments and symptoms and increase the likelihood of other comorbid conditions, all of which make it more difficult to engage in healthy behaviours...
December 2014: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24943344/frontotemporal-dementia-and-its-subtypes-a-genome-wide-association-study
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Raffaele Ferrari, Dena G Hernandez, Michael A Nalls, Jonathan D Rohrer, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, John B J Kwok, Carol Dobson-Stone, William S Brooks, Peter R Schofield, Glenda M Halliday, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Lauren Bartley, Elizabeth Thompson, Eric Haan, Isabel Hernández, Agustín Ruiz, Mercè Boada, Barbara Borroni, Alessandro Padovani, Carlos Cruchaga, Nigel J Cairns, Luisa Benussi, Giuliano Binetti, Roberta Ghidoni, Gianluigi Forloni, Daniela Galimberti, Chiara Fenoglio, Maria Serpente, Elio Scarpini, Jordi Clarimón, Alberto Lleó, Rafael Blesa, Maria Landqvist Waldö, Karin Nilsson, Christer Nilsson, Ian R A Mackenzie, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung, David M A Mann, Jordan Grafman, Christopher M Morris, Johannes Attems, Timothy D Griffiths, Ian G McKeith, Alan J Thomas, P Pietrini, Edward D Huey, Eric M Wassermann, Atik Baborie, Evelyn Jaros, Michael C Tierney, Pau Pastor, Cristina Razquin, Sara Ortega-Cubero, Elena Alonso, Robert Perneczky, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Panagiotis Alexopoulos, Alexander Kurz, Innocenzo Rainero, Elisa Rubino, Lorenzo Pinessi, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Peter St George-Hyslop, Giacomina Rossi, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Giorgio Giaccone, James B Rowe, Johannes C M Schlachetzki, James Uphill, John Collinge, Simon Mead, Adrian Danek, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, Murray Grossman, John Q Trojanowski, Julie van der Zee, William Deschamps, Tim Van Langenhove, Marc Cruts, Christine Van Broeckhoven, Stefano F Cappa, Isabelle Le Ber, Didier Hannequin, Véronique Golfier, Martine Vercelletto, Alexis Brice, Benedetta Nacmias, Sandro Sorbi, Silvia Bagnoli, Irene Piaceri, Jørgen E Nielsen, Lena E Hjermind, Matthias Riemenschneider, Manuel Mayhaus, Bernd Ibach, Gilles Gasparoni, Sabrina Pichler, Wei Gu, Martin N Rossor, Nick C Fox, Jason D Warren, Maria Grazia Spillantini, Huw R Morris, Patrizia Rizzu, Peter Heutink, Julie S Snowden, Sara Rollinson, Anna Richardson, Alexander Gerhard, Amalia C Bruni, Raffaele Maletta, Francesca Frangipane, Chiara Cupidi, Livia Bernardi, Maria Anfossi, Maura Gallo, Maria Elena Conidi, Nicoletta Smirne, Rosa Rademakers, Matt Baker, Dennis W Dickson, Neill R Graff-Radford, Ronald C Petersen, David Knopman, Keith A Josephs, Bradley F Boeve, Joseph E Parisi, William W Seeley, Bruce L Miller, Anna M Karydas, Howard Rosen, John C van Swieten, Elise G P Dopper, Harro Seelaar, Yolande A L Pijnenburg, Philip Scheltens, Giancarlo Logroscino, Rosa Capozzo, Valeria Novelli, Annibale A Puca, Massimo Franceschi, Alfredo Postiglione, Graziella Milan, Paolo Sorrentino, Mark Kristiansen, Huei-Hsin Chiang, Caroline Graff, Florence Pasquier, Adeline Rollin, Vincent Deramecourt, Florence Lebert, Dimitrios Kapogiannis, Luigi Ferrucci, Stuart Pickering-Brown, Andrew B Singleton, John Hardy, Parastoo Momeni
BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a complex disorder characterised by a broad range of clinical manifestations, differential pathological signatures, and genetic variability. Mutations in three genes-MAPT, GRN, and C9orf72--have been associated with FTD. We sought to identify novel genetic risk loci associated with the disorder. METHODS: We did a two-stage genome-wide association study on clinical FTD, analysing samples from 3526 patients with FTD and 9402 healthy controls...
July 2014: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24863010/on-compensatory-strategies-and-computational-models-the-case-of-pure-alexia
#10
Tim Shallice
The article is concerned with inferences from the behaviour of neurological patients to models of normal function. It takes the letter-by-letter reading strategy common in pure alexic patients as an example of the methodological problems involved in making such inferences that compensatory strategies produce. The evidence is discussed on the possible use of three ways the letter-by-letter reading process might operate: "reversed spelling"; the use of the phonological input buffer as a temporary holding store during word building; and the use of serial input to the visual word-form system entirely within the visual-orthographic domain such as in the model of Plaut [1999...
2014: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24726900/the-trees-and-the-forest-characterization-of-complex-brain-networks-with-minimum-spanning-trees
#11
REVIEW
C J Stam, P Tewarie, E Van Dellen, E C W van Straaten, A Hillebrand, P Van Mieghem
In recent years there has been a shift in focus from the study of local, mostly task-related activation to the exploration of the organization and functioning of large-scale structural and functional complex brain networks. Progress in the interdisciplinary field of modern network science has introduced many new concepts, analytical tools and models which allow a systematic interpretation of multivariate data obtained from structural and functional MRI, EEG and MEG. However, progress in this field has been hampered by the absence of a simple, unbiased method to represent the essential features of brain networks, and to compare these across different conditions, behavioural states and neuropsychiatric/neurological diseases...
June 2014: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24324236/neurocognitive-insights-on-conceptual-knowledge-and-its-breakdown
#12
REVIEW
Matthew A Lambon Ralph
Conceptual knowledge reflects our multi-modal 'semantic database'. As such, it brings meaning to all verbal and non-verbal stimuli, is the foundation for verbal and non-verbal expression and provides the basis for computing appropriate semantic generalizations. Multiple disciplines (e.g. philosophy, cognitive science, cognitive neuroscience and behavioural neurology) have striven to answer the questions of how concepts are formed, how they are represented in the brain and how they break down differentially in various neurological patient groups...
2014: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24249541/non-specialist-health-worker-interventions-for-the-care-of-mental-neurological-and-substance-abuse-disorders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
REVIEW
Nadja van Ginneken, Prathap Tharyan, Simon Lewin, Girish N Rao, S M Meera, Jessica Pian, Sudha Chandrashekar, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Many people with mental, neurological and substance-use disorders (MNS) do not receive health care. Non-specialist health workers (NSHWs) and other professionals with health roles (OPHRs) are a key strategy for closing the treatment gap. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of NSHWs and OPHRs delivering MNS interventions in primary and community health care in low- and middle-income countries. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (including the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) Group Specialised Register) (searched 21 June 2012); MEDLINE, OvidSP; MEDLINE In Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, OvidSP; EMBASE, OvidSP (searched 15 June 2012); CINAHL, EBSCOhost; PsycINFO, OvidSP (searched 18 and 19 June 2012); World Health Organization (WHO) Global Health Library (searched 29 June 2012); LILACS; the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO); OpenGrey; the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (searched 8 and 9 August 2012); Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index (ISI Web of Knowledge) (searched 2 October 2012) and reference lists, without language or date restrictions...
November 19, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24009695/meta-analysis-of-pre-clinical-studies-of-early-decompression-in-acute-spinal-cord-injury-a-battle-of-time-and-pressure
#14
Peter E Batchelor, Taryn E Wills, Peta Skeers, Camila R Battistuzzo, Malcolm R Macleod, David W Howells, Emily S Sena
BACKGROUND: The use of early decompression in the management of acute spinal cord injury (SCI) remains contentious despite many pre-clinical studies demonstrating benefits and a small number of supportive clinical studies. Although the pre-clinical literature favours the concept of early decompression, translation is hindered by uncertainties regarding overall treatment efficacy and timing of decompression. METHODS: We performed meta-analysis to examine the pre-clinical literature on acute decompression of the injured spinal cord...
2013: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23951131/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-in-animal-models-of-spinal-cord-injury
#15
REVIEW
Peter E Batchelor, Peta Skeers, Ana Antonic, Taryn E Wills, David W Howells, Malcolm R Macleod, Emily S Sena
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia is a clinically useful neuroprotective therapy for cardiac arrest and neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and may potentially be useful for the treatment of other neurological conditions including traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). The pre-clinical studies evaluating the effectiveness of hypothermia in acute SCI broadly utilise either systemic hypothermia or cooling regional to the site of injury. The literature has not been uniformly positive with conflicting studies of varying quality, some performed decades previously...
2013: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23922416/equipped-to-survive-comprehensive-response-to-threat-enables-optimal-behaviour
#16
Guillén Fernández
Guillén Fernández is Professor for Cognitive Neuroscience and director of the Donders Center for Neuroscience at the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center. He obtained his medical degree, doctorate, and habilitation at Bonn University. He received full training in clinical neurology and cognitive neurosciences in Bonn, Magdeburg, and Stanford. In 2002, he became a founding principal investigator of the Donders Center for Cognitive Neuroimaging in Nijmegen. His area of research is human cognitive neuroscience in which he studies the brain basis of memory, emotion, and their interactions...
September 2013: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23551791/educational-interventions-in-neurology-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
P McColgan, P P McKeown, C Selai, R Doherty-Allan, M O McCarron
A fear of neurology and neural sciences (neurophobia) may have clinical consequences. There is therefore a need to formulate an evidence-based approach to neurology education. A comprehensive systematic review of educational interventions in neurology was performed. BEI, Cochrane Library, Dialog Datastar, EBSCO Biomedical, EBSCO Psychology & Behavioral Sciences, EMBASE, ERIC, First Search, MDConsult, Medline, Proquest Medical Library and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for all published studies assessing interventions in neurology education among undergraduate students, junior medical doctors and residents up to and including July 2012...
July 2013: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22917671/large-scale-brain-models-of-epilepsy-dynamics-meets-connectomics
#18
REVIEW
Mark P Richardson
The brain is in a constant state of dynamic change, for example switching between cognitive and behavioural tasks, and between wakefulness and sleep. The brains of people with epilepsy have additional features to their dynamic repertoire, particularly the paroxysmal occurrence of seizures. Substantial effort over decades has produced a detailed description of many human epilepsies and of specific seizure types; in some instances there are known causes, sometimes highly specific such as single gene mutations, but the mechanisms of seizure onset and termination are not known...
December 2012: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22574081/the-vegetative-state-a-syndrome-in-search-of-a-name
#19
REVIEW
K von Wild, S T Laureys, F Gerstenbrand, G Dolce, G Onose
In 2002, Bryan Jennett chose the caption "A syndrome in search of a name" for the first chapter of his book "The vegetative state--medical facts, ethical and legal dilemmas", which, in summary, can be taken as his legacy. Jennett coined the term "VegetativeState" (VS), which became the preferential name for the syndrome of wakeful unresponsiveness in the English literature, with the intention to specify the concern and dilemmas in connection with the naming "vegetative", "persistent" and "permanent". In Europe, Apallic Syndrome (AS) is still in use...
February 22, 2012: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22326925/long-term-cognitive-and-cardiac-outcomes-after-prenatal-exposure-to-chemotherapy-in-children-aged-18-months-or-older-an-observational-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Frédéric Amant, Kristel Van Calsteren, Michael J Halaska, Mina Mhallem Gziri, Wei Hui, Lieven Lagae, Michèl A Willemsen, Livia Kapusta, Ben Van Calster, Heidi Wouters, Liesbeth Heyns, Sileny N Han, Viktor Tomek, Luc Mertens, Petronella B Ottevanger
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy for the treatment of maternal cancers during pregnancy has become more acceptable in the past decade; however, the effect of prenatal exposure to chemotherapy on cardiac and neurodevelopmental outcomes of the offspring is still uncertain. We aimed to record the general health, cardiac function, and neurodevelopmental outcomes of children who were prenatally exposed to chemotherapy. METHODS: We did an interim analysis of a multicentre observational cohort study assessing children who were prenatally exposed to maternal cancer staging and treatment, including chemotherapy...
March 2012: Lancet Oncology
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