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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213903/specifics-of-fetuin-a-levels-in-distinct-types-of-chronic-heart-failure
#1
Michael Lichtenauer, Bernhard Wernly, Vera Paar, Ilonka Rohm, Christian Jung, Atilla Yilmaz, Uta C Hoppe, Paul Christian Schulze, Daniel Kretzschmar, Rudin Pistulli
INTRODUCTION: Fetuin-A has been described to correlate inversely with vascular calcification both in animal models but also in patients with heart and renal disease. In this current study, we sought to investigate whether fetuin-A might be a useful marker for the discrimination of ischemic (ICM) from dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: A total of 124 non-consecutive patients were included in this study, 59 patients suffered from ICM and 65 patients from DCM. Serum samples were obtained during out-patient visits and analyzed for fetuin-A by ELISA...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212870/the-174-g-c-interleukin-6-gene-polymorphism-is-associated-with-angiographic-progression-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-a-4-year-period
#2
Konstantinos Toutouzas, Dimitrios Klettas, Nikolaos Anousakis-Vlachochristou, Konstantinos Melidis, Zeta Azilazian, Maria Asimomiti, Antonios Karanasos, Anastasios Spanos, Eleftherios Tsiamis, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is the key process underlying the clinical course of coronary artery disease (CAD). C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) participate in the pathophysiology and act as biomarkers. We sought to examine whether known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) impact the progression of CAD, reflecting higher inflammatory activity. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated coronary angiographies of patients with already established CAD who were re-investigated for stable/unstable angina after a time interval >12 months...
February 14, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212629/cardiometabolic-risk-in-a-population-of-older-adults-with-multiple-co-morbidities-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-indepth-communities-study
#3
Thomas A Gaziano, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Alisha Wade, Nigel J Crowther, Sartaj Alam, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan Wagner, Julia Rohr, Livia Montana, Kathleen Kahn, Till W Bärnighausen, Lisa F Berkman, Stephen Tollman
BACKGROUND: A consequence of the widespread uptake of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is that the older South African population will experience an increase in life expectancy, increasing their risk for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), and its risk factors. The long-term interactions between HIV infection, treatment, and CMD remain to be elucidated in the African population. The HAALSI cohort was established to investigate the impact of these interactions on CMD morbidity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212483/-correlation-of-heart-rate-variability-with-syntax-ii-on-chronic-angina
#4
Tatiana Chantal Castro-de la Torre, Norma Amador-Licona, Enrique Bernal-Ruíz
BACKGROUND: The heart rate variability (HRV) is a prognostic value of cardiovascular risk. It is unknown the correlation between HRV and coronary severity on patients with chronic angina. The objective was to determine the correlation between HRV and the SYNTAX II score in chronic angina. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in patients of 18 years or older with stable angina and indication of coronary angiography who went to a third level center. The SYNTAX II score was established by using coronary angiography, while HRV was obtained by a 24-hour Holter ECG...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210456/severe-odontogenic-infection-an-emergency-case-report
#5
Marcelo Guzmán-Letelier, Claudia Crisosto-Jara, Camilo Diaz-Ricouz, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago, David Peñarrocha-Oltra
Odontogenic infections (OI) are a major reason for consultation in dental practice. They affect people of all ages, and most of them respond well to current medical and surgical treatments. However, some OI can spread to vital and deep structures, overcome the host immune system - especially in diabetic, immunocompromised or weakened patients - and even prove fatal. Ludwig's angina is a severe form of diffuse cellulitis that can have an acute onset and spread very rapidly, bilaterally affecting areas of the head and neck, and may prove life threatening...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209787/cd133-stem-cells-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-refractory-angina
#6
EDITORIAL
James T Willerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209590/association-between-bariatric-surgery-and-rate-of-hospitalisations-for-stable-angina-pectoris-in-obese-adults
#7
Yuichi J Shimada, Yusuke Tsugawa, Hiroyasu Iso, David Fm Brown, Kohei Hasegawa
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and stable angina pectoris (SAP) are important public health problems in the USA. However, little is known about whether weight reduction affects the rate of SAP-related morbidities. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that bariatric surgery is associated with a lower rate of hospitalisations for SAP in obese adults. METHODS: We performed a self-controlled case series study of obese adults with SAP who underwent bariatric surgery using a population-based inpatient database in three states (California, Florida and Nebraska) from 2005 to 2011...
February 16, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207514/arginine-methylation-dysfunction-increased-risk-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-coronary-artery-disease-population-a-case-control-study
#8
Shengyu Zhang, Shuyang Zhang, Hongyun Wang, Wei Wu, Yicong Ye
The plasma levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) had been proved to be an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Few studies involved the entire arginine methylation dysfunction. This study was designed to investigate whether arginine methylation dysfunction is associated with acute coronary syndrome risk in coronary artery disease population.In total 298 patients undergoing coronary angiography because of chest pain with the diagnosis of stable angina pectoris or acute coronary syndrome from February 2013 to June 2014 were included...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203684/crushed-sublingual-versus-oral-ticagrelor-administration-strategies-in-patients-with-unstable-angina-a-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-study
#9
Piotr Niezgoda, Joanna Sikora, Malwina Barańska, Adam Sikora, Katarzyna Buszko, Emilia Siemińska, Michał Piotr Marszałł, Jolanta M Siller-Matula, Bernd Jilma, Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Tomasz Fabiszak, Jacek Kubica
Oral administration of crushed ticagrelor tablets turned out to be an efficacious method that improves its pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. This strategy, however, is unlikely to eliminate the drug-drug interaction in patients receiving intravenous morphine, as the impairment of the P2Y12 inhibitor absorption related to decreased propulsive motility of the gastro-intestinal tract is the most likely mechanism of interaction. Thus, we designed a pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study setting the feasibility of platelet inhibition with a loading dose of ticagrelor given as crushed tablets sublingually compared with two other ticagrelor loading dose administration strategies: integral tablet given orally and crushed tablet given orally in patients with unstable angina...
February 16, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203572/symptomatic-type-iv-dual-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery
#10
Kyriacos Papadopoulos, Georgios M Georgiou, Evagoras Nicolaides
Dual left anterior descending coronary artery is a rare congenital anomaly with 4 subtypes. Double left anterior descending coronary artery originating from the left main stem and the right coronary artery (type IV dual left anterior descending artery) has been reported to occur in 0.01% to 0.7% of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. We report a case of a 49-year-old woman who was found to have this anomaly during coronary angiography. The patient had been complaining of chest pain that mimics angina pectoris and exercise tolerance test was positive for myocardial ischemia...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202069/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-morbidities-in-myanmar
#11
Ko Ko Zaw, Nwe Nwe, Su Su Hlaing
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are now in a rising trend in South East Asia including Myanmar due to increase in major cardiovascular risk factors in both urban and rural areas, such as smoking, obesity and diabetes mellitus. It is necessary to determine CVD morbidities in Myanmar for planning of prevention and control activities for CVDs. The cross-sectional household survey was conducted in 2012 with 600 people aged 40 years and above in four townships (Kyauk-Tan, Mawlamyaing, Pathein and Pyay) and used face-to-face interview with standard questionnaire [Rose Angina Questionnaire and Questionnaire by European Cardiovascular Indicators Surveillance Set (EUROCISS) Research Group] to determine the level of reported CVD morbidities in adult population...
February 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202043/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-coronary-revascularization-outcome-questionnaire
#12
Minju Kim, JiYeong Seo, Jin-Yong Hwang, Ki Soo Park
BACKGROUND: People with ischemic heart disease have increased drastically, and their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been increasingly important. The Coronary Revascularization Outcome Questionnaire (CROQ) is a widely used tool to assess the quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to rigorously examine the psychometric properties of the CROQ in patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The CROQ was translated into Korean...
February 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196358/wellens-syndrome-a-bad-omen
#13
Madalena Coutinho Cruz, Isabel Luiz, Lurdes Ferreira, Rui Cruz Ferreira
Wellens' syndrome is characterized by an electrocardiographic pattern of T-wave changes associated with a critical stenosis of the left anterior descending artery (LAD), which progresses to an extensive anterior myocardial infarction in the majority of cases. For this reason, its recognition and early treatment are extremely important. We report 2 cases of Wellens' syndrome: an 83-year-old male presenting with ill-characterized chest pain, biphasic T waves in V1-V3 during an asymptomatic period, negative cardiac biomarkers, and a 64% stenosis in LAD with a fractional flow reserve of 0...
February 15, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194700/perioperative-management-for-iatrogenic-aortocoronary-dissection-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#14
Takashi Shuto, Hirofumi Anai, Jun Hirota, Tomoyuki Wada, Satoshi Takebayashi, Shinji Miyamoto
Aortocoronary dissection is a rare but serious complication. We report the case of a 72-year-old female with angina. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed for right coronary artery disease. Manipulation of the guiding catheter led to aortocoronary dissection. A drug-eluting stent was immediately implanted in the right coronary ostium to seal the entry of the dissection. Computed tomography (CT) showed ascending aortic dissection. The patient was observed without surgery. CT performed the following day and showed the contrast in the false lumen which had disappeared...
February 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194232/post-challenge-insulin-concentration-is-useful-for-differentiating-between-coronary-artery-disease-and-cardiac-syndrome-x-in-subjects-without-known-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Kae-Woei Liang, Wayne H-H Sheu, Wen-Jane Lee, Wen-Lieng Lee, Hung-Chih Pan, I-Te Lee, Jun-Sing Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is characterized by angina pectoris but with patent coronary arteries. Our previous study demonstrated that subjects with CSX had a higher fasting insulin-resistance (IR) than the controls. However, few studies have investigated the degree of IR, including oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-derived indices and profiles of metabolic abnormalities between CSX and coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Ninety-two CSX and 145 CAD subjects without known diabetes mellitus (DM) underwent coronary angiogram (CAG) for angina pectoris and also agreed to receive OGTT and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) evaluations for screening abnormal glucose regulation and IR...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191514/anticoagulant-therapy-for-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-china-a-multi-center-observational-study
#16
Xiao-Huan Gong, Jin-Ming Yu, Yong Mao, Da-Yi Hu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the anticoagulant therapy for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) in China and to offer the rationale for establishing reasonable strategies to improve the prognosis of NSTE-ACS. METHODS: A total of 1,502 patients with NSTE-ACS were recruited from 28 third-grade hospitals distributed in 14 provinces and cities in China from December 2009 to December 2011. The strategies for diagnosis and treatment, decided by each hospital respectively, were used for further analysis and comparison of medication, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and end points for efficacy and safety assessment at 9 and 30 days following PCI...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190464/a-chinese-patent-medicine-salvia-miltiorrhiza-depside-salts-for-infusion-combined-with-conventional-treatment-for-patients-with-angina-pectoris-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Yili Zhang, Yanming Xie, Xing Liao, Qiulei Jia, Yan Chai
BACKGROUND: Currently, many trials have been conducted to investigate the beneficial and harmful effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza depside salts for infusion for treating patients with angina pectoris. It is important to systematically and criticallyevaluate the existing literature into providing a pooled effect to examine outcomes of angina pectoris with Salvia miltiorrhiza depside salts for infusion. PURPOSE: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to determine the clinical curative effect and safety of Salvia miltiorrhiza depside salts for infusion for angina pectoris and provide clear evidence to inform clinical practice...
February 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185594/sleep-apnoea-in-australian-men-disease-burden-co-morbidities-and-correlates-from-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#18
Chamara Visanka Senaratna, Dallas R English, Dianne Currier, Jennifer L Perret, Adrian Lowe, Caroline Lodge, Melissa Russell, Sashane Sahabandu, Melanie C Matheson, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea is a common disorder with under-rated clinical impact, which is increasingly being recognised as having a major bearing on global disease burden. Men are especially vulnerable and become a priority group for preventative interventions. However, there is limited information on prevalence of the condition in Australia, its co-morbidities, and potential risk factors. METHODS: We used data from 13,423 adult men included in the baseline wave of Ten to Men, an Australian national study of the health of males, assembled using stratified cluster sampling with oversampling from rural and regional areas...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185417/left-main-coronary-angioplasty-of-a-9-year-old-child-with-bioresorable-vascular-scaffold
#19
Hasmukh Ravat, Swati Garekar, Vishal Changela
Familial hypercholesterolemia is an autosomal dominant disorder due to mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor gene, characterized by skin and tendon xanthomas, xanthelasmas, and increased risk of premature coronary artery disease. Here, we report a case of 9-year-old girl who presented with angina and dyspnoea on exertion with xanthomas and an elevated serum cholesterol and triglyceride. She had severe stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) requiring angioplasty and placement of Bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS)...
February 10, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185167/challenges-with-evidence-based-management-of-stable-ischemic-heart-disease
#20
REVIEW
Amit V Patel, Sripal Bangalore
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) is a highly prevalent condition associated with increased costs, morbidity, and mortality. Management goals of SIHD can broadly be thought of in terms of improving prognosis and/or improving symptoms. Treatment options include medical therapy as well as revascularization, either with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting. Herein, we will review the current evidence base for treatment of SIHD as well as its challenges and discuss ongoing studies to help address some of these knowledge gaps...
February 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
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