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thyroid eye dry

Abdullah Omar Al Houssien, Rana Omar Al Houssien, Abdulaziz Al-Hawass
PURPOSE: To study the magnitude of chronic diseases among patients suffering from Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) and compare them with published findings in the literature. METHODS: Patients diagnosed in 2016 suffering from DES based on presenting symptoms and findings of ocular examination were included in this study. The demographic information included age and gender. Chronic diseases among them were identified through case records, assessment and ongoing medications...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
Takashi Isobe, Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Yasushi Oya, Yuko Saito, Miho Murata, Ichizo Nishino, Yuji Takahashi
We report a 62-year-old woman with a history of Basedow's disease and Sjogren's syndrome who presented with slowly progressive limb muscle weakness over the course of ten years. On physical examination, she had dry eye and mouth, but was otherwise normal. Neurological examination revealed symmetrical proximal dominant muscle weakness. Polymyositis was suspected at initial diagnosis due to her clinical course, physical examination, and autoimmune disease. However, the final diagnosis based on a muscle biopsy was the chronic myopathic type of sarcoid myopathy...
April 27, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Ryan E K Man, Anuradha R Veerappan, Shu-Pei Tan, Eva K Fenwick, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Jacqueline Chua, Yuan-Yuh Leong, Tien Yin Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Ching-Yu Cheng, Louis Tong
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of symptomatic dry eye disease (SDED) and associated risk factors in a well-characterized cohort of ethnic Malays in Singapore. METHODS: We included 1682 participants (mean age [SD]: 57 [10]years; 55.4% female) without SDED from the Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES), a population-based longitudinal study with baseline examination (SiMES-1) conducted between 2004 and 2006, and follow-up examination (SiMES-2) conducted between 2010 and 2013...
April 22, 2017: Ocular Surface
Min Ji Kim, Hye Rim Hwang, Yun-Jin Kim, Sang-Yeoup Lee, Jeong-Gyu Lee, Dong-Wook Jeong, Yun Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is a common disease. Many patients continue to experience residual symptoms despite optimal treatment. Thus, new treatment options are required. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and dry eye. METHODS: This study was performed using data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which is a cross-sectional study of the Korean population that was conducted from 2010 to 2011...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Yong-Sheng You, Nai-Bin Qu, Xiao-Ning Yu
AIM: To quantify the association between alcohol consumption and dry eye syndrome (DES) with Meta-analysis of published case-control and cross-sectional studies. METHODS: Three databases were screened for potentially eligible studies through Nov. 30, 2015, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Odds ratios (ORs) were pooled with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to evaluate the relationship between alcohol consumption and DES risk. Subgroup analyses were performed according to diagnostic criteria, publication year, sample size, alcohol intake and adjusted factors...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
S L Hsu, P Y Lee, C H Chang, C H Chen
Thyroid orbitopathy (TO) is an autoimmune disease that is complicated by ocular surface disorders, leading to discomfort. Dry eye is very prevalent in patients with TO. Recent studies on the pathogenesis of dry eye have focused on the inflammatory process, and some supporting evidence has been discovered. Because TO is a disorder of autoimmune origin, we assumed that the association between TO and dry eye is related to inflammation. Inflammation of the ocular surface in TO-related dry eye has not been well studied...
August 30, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Elisabeth M Messmer, Victoria von Lindenfels, Alexandra Garbe, Anselm Kampik
PURPOSE: To measure matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) in the tear film of patients with dry eye disease (DED) compared with controls and to correlate clinical findings. DESIGN: In a prospective study, 101 patients and controls underwent MMP-9 testing of the tear film. Thereafter, they were evaluated for symptoms and signs of DED. PARTICIPANTS: Included patients were those who showed 3 of the following 4 dry eye criteria: ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score of more than 12, tear film break-up time (TBUT) of 10 seconds or less, Schirmer test results without anesthesia of less than 10 mm/5 minutes, and corneal staining results of 1 or more...
November 2016: Ophthalmology
Fabricio Lopes da Fonseca, Patricia Kazue Yamanaka, Juliana Mika Kato, Suzana Matayoshi
BACKGROUND: Radioiodine therapy (RIT) is an established treatment for differentiated thyroid carcinomas, and is widely used throughout the world, given the increasing incidence of this malignancy. Although serious adverse effects are infrequent, complications such as dry mouth, sialadenitis, and dysphagia have been described. The involvement of the eyes and accessory visual structures is not commonly discussed, despite dry eye, keratoconjunctivitis, and lacrimal system obstruction (LSO) being reported, especially after high cumulative doses of radiopharmaceuticals...
December 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Nur Aqilah Salleh, Wong Hon Seng, Hazlita Dato' Mohd Isa
In patients with thyroid disease, ocular involvement or thyroid ophthalmopathy is common, irrespective of their thyroid status. A common feature of thyroid eye disease is eyelid retraction, which leads to a classical starry gaze (Kocher sign). Treatment with radioactive iodine (RAI) is a known therapy for hyperthyroidism. However, this treatment may lead to or worsen thyroid ophthalmopathy. We report a case series of two patients with thyrotoxicosis, who presented with an atypical and subtle occurrence of thyroid eye disease (TED) soon after RAI therapy...
May 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
So-Hyang Chung, Jun-Pyo Myong
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether blood mercury concentrations associated with the presence of dry eye symptoms in a nationally representative Korean population. METHODS: Population-based prospective cross-sectional study using the heavy metal data set of the 2010-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). A total of 4761 adult Koreans were the eligible population in this study. Of the 7162 survey participants, 2401 were excluded because they were <19 years of age, there were missing data in the heavy metal data set, or they had diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, asthma, depression and/or under-the-eye surgery...
April 27, 2016: BMJ Open
Sam Young Yoon, Seok Hyun Bae, Young Joo Shin, Shin Goo Park, Sang-Hee Hwang, Joon Young Hyon, Won Ryang Wee
BACKGROUND: Dry eye syndrome (DES) is a common tear film and ocular surface disease that results in discomfort, visual disturbance, and tear film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface. Systemic diseases associated with DES include diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, depression, anxiety, thyroid disease, allergic diseases, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic pain syndrome, and hyperlipidemia. Interestingly, it has been found that most of these are associated with low levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) or inadequate sunlight exposure...
2016: PloS One
Hyun Cheol Roh, Jimmy K Lee, Martha Kim, Jong-Hyun Oh, Min-Wook Chang, Roy S Chuck, Choul Yong Park
PURPOSE: To identify systemic comorbidities in patients with dry eye syndrome in South Korea. METHODS: From 2010 to 2012, 17,364 participants aged 20 or older were randomly included in the nationwide Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V. The prevalence of dry eye syndrome and demographics of these patients were investigated. We performed conditional logistic regression analyses based on age, sex, residential area, education level, occupation type, and household income level to obtain the odds ratio for each systemic comorbidity among subjects with and without dry eye syndrome...
February 2016: Cornea
Nina Matheis, Franz H Grus, Matthias Breitenfeld, Ivo Knych, Sebastian Funke, Susanne Pitz, Katharina A Ponto, Norbert Pfeiffer, George J Kahaly
PURPOSE: In patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO), the dry eye syndrome occurs frequently, and symptoms and signs of both disorders overlap making early and accurate differential diagnosis difficult. A differentiation via specific markers is warranted. METHODS: Tear fluid samples of 120 subjects with TAO, TAO + dry eye, dry eye, and controls were collected. The samples were measured using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry...
April 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Jessica H Selter, Anisa I Gire, Shameema Sikder
BACKGROUND: A complex relationship between Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and dry eye syndrome exists. New research brings more insight into the association between these two diseases. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted using the query terms "Graves' Ophthalmopathy", "Thyroid Eye Disease", and "Dry Eye" in MedLine (PubMed) and Scopus. A total of 55 papers were reviewed. Case reports were excluded. CONCLUSION: This review paper shows the close relationship between dry eye syndrome and GO...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
Emrah Kan, Elif Kılıçkan, Gulçin Ecemiş, Emrullah Beyazyildiz, Ramis Çolak
Purpose. To evaluate the tear function tests in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and to compare the results with healthy subjects. Methods. A hundred and ten patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and 100 healthy subjects were included in this study. The presence of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy and tear function tests were evaluated clinically. The results were first compared between the patients and the control groups and then compared between patients with NOSPECS and patients without NOSPECS. Logistic regression analyses of the risk factors for dry eye including sex, gender, free plasma thyroxine, proptosis, upper eyelid margin-reflex distance, and duration of the disease were also evaluated...
2014: Journal of Ophthalmology
Hui Shan Sim, Andrea Petznick, Sylvaine Barbier, Jen Hong Tan, U Rajendra Acharya, Sharon Yeo, Louis Tong
AIM: The main treatment for meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), a major cause of dry eye, is eyelid warming. Lack of compliance is the main reason for treatment failure. This has led to the development of eyelid-warming devices that are safe, effective and convenient. To obtain robust evidence demonstrating their efficacy, the authors conducted a 3-arm randomized clinical study. METHODS: The authors conducted a 3-month assessor-blinded, randomized, controlled trial of patients from the Singapore National Eye Centre experiencing at least one of eight dry eye symptoms 'often' or 'all the time'...
December 2014: Ophthalmology and Therapy
Ji Min Ahn, Seung Hyun Lee, Tyler Hyung Taek Rim, Ryoung Jin Park, Hong Seok Yang, Tae Im Kim, Kyung Chul Yoon, Kyoung Yul Seo
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of and risk factors associated with dry eye syndrome (DES) in South Korea. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: In 2010 and 2011, 11,666 subjects, ranging in age from 19 to 95, were randomly selected as nationally representative participants in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Subjects were divided into 2 groups: 1 with clinically diagnosed DES and 1 with symptoms of dry eye...
December 2014: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Claudia F Henrich, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Esen K Akpek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the frequency and types of inflammatory systemic diseases in a cohort of patients with dry eye, and identify clinical features suggesting the presence of these. METHODS: Consecutive new patients with a primary diagnosis of dry eye evaluated at a tertiary dry eye center between January 2010 and December 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Standardized questionnaires were used to obtain data regarding systemic symptoms, previous medical diagnoses, and family history...
August 2014: Cornea
Armaghan Fard-Esfahani, Alireza Emami-Ardekani, Babak Fallahi, Pezhman Fard-Esfahani, Davood Beiki, Arman Hassanzadeh-Rad, Mohammad Eftekhari
Use of radioactive iodine is an essential adjuvant treatment strategy after thyroidectomy in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Although generally safe, radioiodine therapy has some potential side effects, classified as early and late complications, which we have reviewed in this paper. Early complications include gastrointestinal symptoms, radiation thyroiditis, sialadenitis/xerostomia, bone marrow suppression, gonadal damage, dry eye, and nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The late complications include secondary cancers, pulmonary fibrosis, permanent bone marrow suppression, and genetic effects...
August 2014: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Jennifer F Williamson, Kyle Huynh, Mark A Weaver, Richard M Davis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the perceptions of eye care providers regarding the clinical management of dry eye. METHODS: Invitations to complete a 17-question online survey were mailed to 400 members of the North Carolina Ophthalmology and Optometry Associations including community optometrists, comprehensive ophthalmologists, and cornea specialists. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 100 eye care providers (25% response rate). Providers reported burning (46...
March 2014: Eye & Contact Lens
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