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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668108/sonographic-assessment-of-swallowing-in-irradiated-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients
#1
Dennis T H Cheng, Kathy Y S Lee, Anil T Ahuja, Michael C F Tong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Ultrasonography is an emerging clinical tool to study the dysfunction of swallowing muscles. This was the first sonographic study to assess the relationship between suprahyoid muscle contraction, hyoid bone displacement, and penetration-aspiration status (PAS) during swallowing in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). The study also aimed to establish reliability data for the sonographic technique described. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667933/a-cbct-study-of-the-gravity-induced-movement-in-rotating-rabbits
#2
Jeffrey Barber, Chun-Chien Shieh, William Counter, Jonathan R Sykes, Peter Bennett, Verity Ahern, Stéphanie Corde, Soo-Min Heng, Paul White, Michael Jackson, Paul Liu, Paul J Keall, Ilana Feain
Fixed-beam radiotherapy systems with subjects rotating about a longitudinal (horizontal) axis are subject to gravity-induced motion. Limited reports on the degree of this motion, and any deformation, has been reported previously. The purpose of this study is to quantify the degree of anatomical motion caused by rotating a subject around a longitudinal axis, using cone-beam CT (CBCT). 
 
 In the current study, a purpose-made longitudinal rotating was aligned to a Varian TrueBeam kV imaging system...
April 18, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667769/targeting-the-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-akt-mechanistic-target-of-rapamycin-signaling-pathway-in-b-lineage-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-an-update
#3
REVIEW
Carolina Simioni, Alberto M Martelli, Giorgio Zauli, Marco Vitale, James A McCubrey, Silvano Capitani, Luca M Neri
Despite considerable progress in treatment protocols, B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) displays a poor prognosis in about 15-20% of pediatric cases and about 60% of adult patients. In addition, life-long irreversible late effects from chemo- and radiation therapy, including secondary malignancies, are a growing problem for leukemia survivors. Targeted therapy holds promising perspectives for cancer treatment as it may be more effective and have fewer side effects than conventional therapies. The phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway is a key regulatory cascade which controls proliferation, survival and drug-resistance of cancer cells, and it is frequently upregulated in the different subtypes of B-ALL, where it plays important roles in the pathophysiology, maintenance and progression of the disease...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667726/interventions-for-infantile-haemangiomas-of-the-skin
#4
REVIEW
Monica Novoa, Eulalia Baselga, Sandra Beltran, Lucia Giraldo, Ali Shahbaz, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667369/fully-automated-production-and-characterization-of-64cu-and-proof-of-principle-small-animal-pet-imaging-using-64cu-labelled-ca-xii-targeting-6a10-fab
#5
Luise Fiedler, Markus Kellner, Rosel Oos, Guido Böning, Sibylle Ziegler, Peter Bartenstein, Reinhard Zeidler, Franz Josef Gildehaus, Simon Lindner
64Cu is a cyclotron-produced radionuclide which offers, due to its characteristic decay scheme the possibility to combine PET investigations with radiotherapy. We evaluated the Alceo sys-tem from Comecer SpA to automatically produce 64Cu for radiolabelling purposes. We established a 64Cu production routine with high yields and radionuclide purity in combination with excellent operator radiation protection. The carbonic anhydrase XII targeting 6A10 antibody fab fragment was successfully radiolabelled with the produced 64Cu and proof of principle small animal PET experiments on mice bearing glioma xenografts were performed...
April 18, 2018: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667294/image-quality-and-absorbed-dose-comparison-of-single-and-dual-source-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#6
Hideharu Miura, Shuichi Ozawa, Toshiya Okazue, Atsushi Kawakubo, Kiyoshi Yamada, Yasushi Nagata
PURPOSE: Dual-source cone-beam computed tomography (DCBCT) is currently available in the Vero4DRT image-guided radiotherapy system. We evaluated the image quality and absorbed dose for DCBCT and compared the values with those for single-source CBCT (SCBCT). METHODS: Image uniformity, Hounsfield unit (HU) linearity, image contrast, and spatial resolution were evaluated using a Catphan phantom. The rotation angle for acquiring SCBCT and DCBCT images is 215° and 115°, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667293/enhanced-in-vitro-biocompatibility-and-water-dispersibility-of-magnetite-and-cobalt-ferrite-nanoparticles-employed-as-ros-formation-enhancer-in-radiation-cancer-therapy
#7
Stefanie Klein, Melek Kızaloğlu, Luis Portilla, Hyoungwon Park, Tobias Rejek, Julian Hümmer, Karsten Meyer, Rainer Hock, Luitpold V R Distel, Marcus Halik, Carola Kryschi
Efficient magnetic reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation enhancing agents after X-ray treatment are realized by functionalizing superparamagnetic magnetite (Fe3 O4 ) and Co-ferrite (CoFe2 O4 ) nanoparticles with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). The Fe3 O4 and CoFe2 O4 nanoparticles are synthesized using Massart's coprecipitation technique. Successful surface modification with the SAM forming compounds 1-methyl-3-(dodecylphosphonic acid) imidazolium bromide, or (2-{2-[2-hydroxy-ethoxy]-ethoxy}-ethyl phosphonic acid provides biocompatibility and long-term stability of the Fe3 O4 and CoFe2 O4 nanoparticles in cell media...
April 18, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667156/how-we-manage-patients-with-plasmacytomas
#8
REVIEW
Despina Fotiou, Meletios A Dimopoulos, Efstathios Kastritis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the diagnostic approach, treatment options, and future considerations in the management of plasmacytomas, either solitary or in the context of overt multiple myeloma (MM). RECENT FINDINGS: Advanced imaging techniques such as whole-body magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography/computerized tomography are essential for the diagnostic workup of solitary plasmacytomas (SP) to rule out the presence of other disease foci...
April 17, 2018: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667068/characteristics-and-survival-outcomes-associated-with-the-lack-of-radiation-in-the-treatment-of-glioblastoma
#9
Bin Huang, Therese A Dolecek, Quan Chen, Catherine R Garcia, Thomas Pittman, John L Villano
Radiation increases survival in glioblastoma (GBM); however, 30% do not receive this treatment. We sought to identify characteristics associated with not receiving radiation and the impact on outcomes. We analyzed the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (SEER) 18 registries 2000-2013 research database on 30,479 GBM cases that were aged 20 years and older. In total, 21,179 received radiation as first course of therapy, while 8218 did not with 5178 (63%) being 65 years and older. Early decisions on surgery often predicted radiation therapy with 61% having only a biopsy or no surgery at diagnosis...
April 17, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667046/radiotherapy-in-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-clinical-and-dosimetric-aspects
#10
Giulia Riva, Ombretta Alessandro, Ruggero Spoto, Annamaria Ferrari, Cristina Garibaldi, Federica Cattani, Rosa Luraschi, Elena Rondi, Nicola Colombo, Fulvio Lorenzo Francesco Giovenzana, Carlo Maria Cipolla, Mikolaj Winnicki, Martina Persiani, Fabiana Castelluccia, Massimo Sarra Fiore, Roberto Orecchia, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa
As a result of aging, the number of patients with cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) requiring radiotherapy (RT) continues to rise. The aim of this work was to evaluate RT-related malfunctions of CIED in a cohort of patients who underwent RT in our clinic from June 2010 to December 2016. We retrospectively analyzed 93 RT treatments in 63 patients with CIEDs. Patients were treated with 3D conformal RT, intensity-modulated RT and stereotactic RT. We collected clinical characteristics of cancer, models of CIEDs, total RT dose to tumor and radiation energy...
April 17, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666969/three-case-reports-of-radiation-induced-glioblastoma-after-complete-remission-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Takumi Kajitani, Masayuki Kanamori, Ryuta Saito, Yuko Watanabe, Hiroyoshi Suzuki, Mika Watanabe, Shigeo Kure, Teiji Tominaga
Radiation therapy is sometimes performed to control intracranial acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but may lead to radiation-induced malignant glioma. The clinical, radiological, histological, and molecular findings are described of three cases of radiation-induced glioblastoma after the treatment for ALL. They received radiation therapy at age 6-8 years. The latency from radiation therapy to the onset of radiation-induced glioblastoma was 5-10 years. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated diffuse lesions with multiple small enhanced lesions in all cases...
April 17, 2018: Brain Tumor Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666957/conditioned-medium-from-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-improves-nasal-mucosa-damage-by-radiation
#12
Hong-Gang Duan, Fang Ji, Chun-Quan Zheng, Jing Li, Jing Wang
OBJECTIVES: To explore therapeutic effects of conditioned medium from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) on nasal mucosa radiation damage both in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: The mucus cilia clearance time (7 and 30 days), degree of mucosal edema (7, 30, 90 and 180 days), cilia coverage (180 days) of concentrated conditioned medium group improved compared with radiotherapy control group. The proliferation and migration abilities of irradiated and non-irradiated nasal epithelial cells significantly increased after culture in bronchial epithelial cell growth medium (BEGM) containing 10% conditioned medium of hUC-MSCs compared to cells cultured in BEGM alone...
April 17, 2018: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666822/accuracy-and-precision-of-a-veterinary-neuronavigation-system-for-radiation-oncology-positioning
#13
Isabelle F Vanhaezebrouck, Elizabeth A Ballegeer, Stephen Frey, Rob Sieffert
Conformal radiation treatment plans such as IMRT and other radiosurgery techniques require very precise patient positioning, typically within a millimeter of error for best results. CT cone beam, real-time navigation, and infrared position sensors are potential options for success but rarely present in veterinary radiation centers. A neuronavigation system (Brainsight Vet, Rogue Research) was tested 22 times on a skull for positioning accuracy and precision analysis. The first 6 manipulations allowed the authors to become familiar with the system but were still included in the analyses...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666806/the-frontline-of-esophageal-cancer-treatment-questions-to-be-asked-and-answered
#14
REVIEW
Cheng-Che Tu, Po-Kuei Hsu
Achieving a good treatment for esophageal cancer is a great challenge. For early stage cancer, endoscopic treatment is considered the first line and a possible curative therapy. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery are all used for the treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer, administered either alone or combined. Some combinations have proven to be feasible, effective, and superior, such as neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) plus surgery in the Chemoradiotherapy for Oesophageal Cancer Followed by Surgery Study (CROSS) trial...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666802/advances-in-radiotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Wei Deng, Steven H Lin
Esophageal cancer is a common type of malignancy worldwide and usually requires multidisciplinary care. Radiotherapy plays an important part in management of the disease. During the past few years, researchers have made much progress about radiotherapy for esophageal cancer, which was revealed in every aspect of clinical practice. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy remains the standard treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer, whereas neoadjuvant chemotherapy appears to show less toxicities and non-inferior prognosis...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666782/new-perspectives-on-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#16
REVIEW
Marika Rossini, Paola Rizzo, Ilaria Bononi, Anthony Clementz, Roberto Ferrari, Fernanda Martini, Mauro G Tognon
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare, but severe form of cancer, with an incidence that varies significantly within and among different countries around the world. It develops in about one to two persons per million of the general population, leading to thousands of deaths every year worldwide. To date, the MPM is mostly associated with occupational asbestos exposure. Asbestos represents the predominant etiological factor, with approximately 70% of cases of MPM with well-documented occupational exposure to asbestos, with the exposure time, on average greater than 40 years...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666747/symphysis-pubis-osteomyelitis-an-uncommon-complication-after-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-case-description-with-literature-review
#17
Jad A Degheili, Mazen M Mansour, Rami W Nasr
Prostate cancer is the most common solid cancer among American men. Although there are various modalities for treatment, including radical prostatectomy among many others, the former is, nevertheless, not without any accompanied complications. Other than the well-known surgical complications such as erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and voiding dysfunction, osteomyelitis of the symphysis pubis is not a well-understood complication, with various hypotheses explaining its pathogenesis. Although osteomyelitis of the pubis symphysis has been reported after endoscopic urological procedures such as transurethral resection of the prostate, it has rarely been reported after robotic surgeries...
2018: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666729/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-presenting-as-testicular-lymphoma-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Steve Omoruyi Obanor, Michelle Gruttadauria, Kayla Applebaum, Mohammad Eskandari, Michelle Lieberman Lubetzky, Stuart Greenstein
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a malignancy caused by the immunosuppression that occurs after transplantation. It is primarily a nodal lesion but frequently it involves extranodal masses. Treatment is usually by reducing immunosuppressive therapy. Testicular lymphoma as PTLD is notably rare in documented literature and there is limited evidence of definitive treatment guidelines. This manuscript describes a patient who developed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of his right testis one year following kidney transplantation...
2018: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666441/using-biology-to-guide-the-treatment-of-sarcomas-and-aggressive-connective-tissue-tumours
#19
REVIEW
Armelle Dufresne, Mehdi Brahmi, Marie Karanian, Jean-Yves Blay
Sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignancies that arise from cells of a mesenchymal origin. Surgery forms the mainstay of the treatment of most patients with localized sarcoma and might be followed or preceded by chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. In the metastatic setting, systemic treatments tend to improve survival and control symptoms. However, the adverse events and sometimes disappointing outcomes associated with these empirical approaches to treatment indicate a need for new approaches. The advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has enabled more targeted treatment of many malignancies based on the presence of specific alterations...
April 17, 2018: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666135/study-protocol-for-the-saron-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-trial-comparing-the-addition-of-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-and-radical-radiotherapy-with-standard-chemotherapy-alone-for-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
John Conibear, Brendan Chia, Yenting Ngai, Andrew Tom Bates, Nicholas Counsell, Rushil Patel, David Eaton, Corinne Faivre-Finn, John Fenwick, Martin Forster, Gerard G Hanna, Susan Harden, Philip Mayles, Syed Moinuddin, David Landau
INTRODUCTION: Following growing evidence to support the safety, local control (LC) and potential improvement in overall survival (OS) in patients with oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that have been treated with local ablative therapy such as stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), we initiate the SARON trial to investigate the impact and feasibility of adding SABR/SRS and radical radiotherapy (RRT) following standard chemotherapy on OS...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
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