keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Radiotherapy OR (radiation therapy)

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822765/local-radiotherapy-reduces-circulating-tumor-cells-and-metastatic-progression-role-of-circulating-cell-detection-in-response-to-vascular-damaging-therapies
#1
Nathan A Koonce, Mazen A Juratli, Chengzhong Cai, Mustafa Sarimollaoglu, Yulian A Menyaev, Judy Dent, Charles M Quick, Ruud P M Dings, Dmitry Nedosekin, Vladimir Zharov, Robert J Griffin
Noninvasive biological readouts of tumor metastatic risk and therapeutic efficacy are needed as healthcare costs rise. Conventional imaging modalities are expensive; require significant periods of time to see appreciable change and repetitive use increases risk of hazardous side effects. Utilizing circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as a minimally invasive biological readout of tumor progression or therapeutic response is increasingly being studied. While focus has primarily been on the predictive value of naturally occurring CTCs, a more recent effort has emerged regarding the potential consequence of therapy induced CTCs...
August 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822604/volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-vmat-for-whole-brain-radiotherapy-not-only-for-hippocampal-sparing-but-also-for-reduction-of-dose-to-organs-at-risk
#2
Sumit Sood, Damodar Pokhrel, Christopher McClinton, Christopher Lominska, Rajeev Badkul, Hongyu Jiang, Fen Wang
A prospective clinical trial, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0933, has demonstrated that whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) using conformal radiation delivery technique with hippocampal avoidance is associated with less memory complications. Further sparing of other organs at risk (OARs) including the scalp, ear canals, cochleae, and parotid glands could be associated with reductions in additional toxicities for patients treated with WBRT. We investigated the feasibility of WBRT using volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) to spare the hippocampi and the aforementioned OARs...
August 16, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822531/cardio-oncology-a-new-subspecialty-with-collaboration-at-its-heart
#3
REVIEW
Arjun K Ghosh, J Malcolm Walker
Cardio-Oncology is the care of cancer patients with cardiovascular disease, overt or occult, already established or acquired during treatment. Cancer patients can present with a variety of cardiovascular problems not all of which are directly related to cancer therapy (medications or radiotherapy). The cardiovascular problems of oncology patients can range from ischaemia to arrhythmias and can also include valve problems and heart failure. As such, within cardiology, teamwork is required with members of different cardiology subspecialties...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822397/outcomes-after-mastectomy-and-lumpectomy-in-octogenarians-and-nonagenarians-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#4
Amelia Y Merrill, Doris R Brown, Heidi D Klepin, Edward A Levine, Marissa Howard-Mcnatt
Prospective studies have shown equal outcomes after mastectomy or breast conservation in patients with invasive breast cancer; however, many of these studies excluded elderly patients. We identified patients in their eighties and nineties with clinical stage 0 to II breast cancer undergoing mastectomy or lumpectomy with or without radiation from the prospective sentinel lymph node database at Wake Forest Baptist Health and analyzed their treatment and survival. Of 92 patients, 24 (26.1%) underwent mastectomy, 22 (23...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822394/the-clinical-utility-and-cost-of-postoperative-mammography-completed-within-one-year-of-breast-conserving-therapy-is-it-worth-it
#5
Ahkeel Allen, Allison Cauthen, Justin Vaughan, Paul Dale
Breast conserving therapy (BCT), lumpectomy followed by radiotherapy, is an effective treatment for a majority of breast cancers. According to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, mammographic imaging should be completed at least six months after completion of radiation. This study evaluates the clinical significance and financial cost of postoperative breast imaging within one year of BCT. Patients treated with BCT between 2014 and 2016 at an academic center were identified retrospectively. The medical records were reviewed to identify the timing and type of the first imaging study after BCT...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822291/highly-absorbing-multispectral-near-infrared-polymer-nanoparticles-from-one-conjugated-backbone-for-photoacoustic-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy
#6
Haobin Chen, Jian Zhang, Kaiwen Chang, Xiaoju Men, Xiaofeng Fang, Libo Zhou, Dongliang Li, Duyang Gao, Shengyan Yin, Xuanjun Zhang, Zhen Yuan, Changfeng Wu
Semiconducting polymers with specific absorption are useful in various applications, including organic optoelectronics, optical imaging, and nanomedicine. However, the optical absorption of a semiconducting polymer with a determined structure is hardly tunable when compared with that of inorganic semiconductors. In this work, we show that the optical absorption of polymer nanoparticles from one conjugated backbone can be effectively tuned through judicious design of the particle morphology and the persistence length of polymers...
August 12, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822031/advances-in-the-management-of-thyroid-eye-diseases-an-overview
#7
REVIEW
Rashmi Kumari, Bhawesh Chandra Saha
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid eye disease (TED) remains a notorious ailment for both patients and the treating ophthalmologists. Recent years have witnessed considerable research in the immunopathogenic mechanism of TED that has resulted in an expansion and modification of the available management options. AIM: Purpose of this review is to summarise the advances in the management of thyroid ophthalmopathy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A thorough literature search and of the past 10 years web search with words Thyroid ophthalmopathy, recent, advances...
August 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821920/tspo-pet-for-glioma-imaging-using-the-novel-ligand-18-f-ge-180-first-results-in-patients-with-glioblastoma
#8
Nathalie L Albert, M Unterrainer, D F Fleischmann, S Lindner, F Vettermann, A Brunegraf, L Vomacka, M Brendel, V Wenter, C Wetzel, R Rupprecht, J-C Tonn, C Belka, P Bartenstein, M Niyazi
OBJECTIVE: The 18-kDa mitochondrial translocator protein (TSPO) was reported to be upregulated in gliomas. (18)F-GE-180 is a novel 3rd generation TSPO receptor ligand with improved target-to-background contrast compared to previous tracers. In this pilot study, we compared PET imaging with (18)F-GE-180 and MRI of patients with untreated and recurrent pretreated glioblastoma. METHODS: Eleven patients with histologically confirmed IDH wildtype gliomas (10 glioblastomas, 1 anaplastic astrocytoma) underwent (18)F-GE-180 PET at initial diagnosis or recurrence...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821268/hypo-fractionated-sbrt-for-localized-prostate-cancer-a-german-bi-center-single-treatment-group-feasibility-trial
#9
Ping Jiang, Katja Krockenberger, Reinhard Vonthein, Jane Tereszczuk, Arne Schreiber, Sebastian Liebau, Stefan Huttenlocher, Detlef Imhoff, Panagiotis Balermpas, Christian Keller, Kathrin Dellas, Rene Baumann, Claus Rödel, Guido Hildebrandt, Klaus-Peter Jünemann, Alex S Merseburger, Alan Katz, Andreas Ziegler, Oliver Blanck, Jürgen Dunst
BACKGROUND: For prostate cancer treatment, treatment options with minimal side effects are desired. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is non-invasive, standard of care and delivered in either conventional fractionation over 8 weeks or with moderate hypo-fractionation over about 5 weeks. Recent advances in radiotherapy technology have made extreme hypo-fractionated stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of prostate cancer feasible, which has not yet been introduced as a standard treatment method in Germany...
August 18, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820816/comments-on-should-immediate-autologous-breast-reconstruction-be-considered-in-women-who-require-post-mastectomy-radiation-therapy
#10
Luis Parra Pont, Andrés A Maldonado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820513/predictors-of-unplanned-hospitalizations-in-patients-with-nonmetastatic-lung-cancer-during-chemotherapy
#11
Kristen L Fessele, Matthew J Hayat, Robert L Atkins
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of unplanned hospitalizations in patients with lung cancer to receive chemotherapy in the outpatient setting and examine the potential financial burden of these events.
. DESIGN: Retrospective, longitudinal cohort study.
. SETTING: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database.
. SAMPLE: Of 104,388 incident cases of lung cancer diagnosed from 2005-2009, 2,457 cases of patients with lung cancer who received outpatient chemotherapy were identified...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820311/clinical-radiobiology-of-proton-therapy-modeling-of-rbe
#12
B Jones
PURPOSE: To better estimate relative biological effectiveness (RBE) in therapeutic proton beams by using a modeled approach, in order to improve their clinical safety and effectiveness. INTRODUCTION: Concerns exist about the 1.1 RBE used in proton therapy, since it may lead to unintentional over- and under-dosage in patients and so lead to unexpected clinical outcomes. Late reacting normal tissues (with low α/β values), might be overdosed if RBE >1.1; very radiosensitive tumors (with high α/β), might be under-dosed if RBE <1...
August 18, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820306/prognostic-value-of-estrogen-receptor-in-who-grade-iii-meningioma-a-long-term-follow-up-study-from-a-single-institution
#13
Lingyang Hua, Hongda Zhu, Jingrun Li, Hailiang Tang, Dapeng Kuang, Yin Wang, Feng Tang, Xiancheng Chen, Liangfu Zhou, Qing Xie, Ye Gong
OBJECTIVE Malignant meningioma is rare and classified as Grade III in the WHO classification of CNS tumors. However, the presence of estrogen receptor (ER) in WHO Grade III meningiomas and its correlation with patients' outcomes are still unclear. In this single-center cohort study, the authors analyzed clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of these malignant tumors in patients with long-term follow-up. METHODS A total of 87 patients who were pathologically diagnosed with WHO Grade III meningiomas between 2003 and 2008 were enrolled in this study and followed for at least 7 years...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820285/oligometastatic-cancer-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-for-patients-affected-by-isolated-body-metastasis
#14
Andrea Lancia, Gianluca Ingrosso, Alessandra Carosi, Luana Di Murro, Emilia Giudice, Sara Cicchetti, Pasquale Morelli, Daniela di Cristino, Claudia Bruni, Alessandra Murgia, Alessandro Cancelli, Irene Turturici, Anjali Iadevaia, Elisabetta Ponti, Riccardo Santoni
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the outcome of patients affected by a single isolated body metastasis treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven-eight patients were treated with SBRT for isolated body metastasis. The most frequent primary tumor was prostate cancer (28.2%), followed by colorectal cancer (23.1%) and lung cancer (20.5%). Median age at diagnosis of oligometastatic disease was 70 years (range 47-88). Median Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) was 90 (range 70-100)...
August 18, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819886/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-nsqip-analysis
#15
Ibrahim Nassour, Sam C Wang, Matthew R Porembka, Adam C Yopp, Michael A Choti, Mathew M Augustine, Patricio M Polanco, John C Mansour, Rebecca M Minter
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of literature is supporting the safety of minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy compared to open pancreaticoduodenectomy, but there are limited comparative studies between laparoscopic and robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of postoperative 30-day overall complications between laparoscopic and robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic and robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy were abstracted from the 2014-2015 pancreas-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819802/significance-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-as-a-predictor-of-resistance-to-standard-chemo-radiotherapy-for-pure-germinoma
#16
Akihiro Inoue, Takanori Ohnishi, Shohei Kohno, Shiro Ohue, Shinji Iwata, Shirabe Matsumoto, Masahiro Nishikawa, Saya Ozaki, Yawara Nakamura, Yosuke Mizuno, Riko Kitazawa, Takeharu Kunieda
Intracranial pure germinomas in children generally respond well to standard chemo-radiotherapy. However, some patients are refractory to standard therapy and require additional treatment. To investigate the characteristics of this subgroup, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical features and treatment outcomes of a cohort of 21 patients with intracranial pure germinomas who were diagnosed between April 2002 and December 2016 at Ehime University Hospital in Japan. Pure germinoma diagnosis was verified by histological examination of the tumor after surgery, and all patients received standard chemo-radiotherapy...
August 18, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819783/factors-associated-with-hospital-readmission-following-diverting-ileostomy-creation
#17
W Li, L Stocchi, D Cherla, G Liu, A Agostinelli, C P Delaney, S R Steele, E Gorgun
BACKGROUND: The creation of a diverting loop ileostomy is associated with the risk of readmission due to stoma-related complications. We hypothesized that the assessment of our institution-specific readmissions following ileostomy creation would help identifying at-risk groups which should be the focus of future preventative strategies. METHODS: Patients who underwent loop ileostomy formation from 2009 to 2013 were reviewed. We evaluated readmissions within 30 days after discharge following loop ileostomy construction...
August 17, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819769/disparities-in-breast-cancer-private-patients-have-better-outcomes-than-public-patients
#18
W C Coetzee, J P Apffelstaedt, T Zeeman, M Du Plessis
INTRODUCTION: Different outcomes in breast cancer have been reported for low and high socio-economic groups. We present data quantifying disparities between South African public and private patients. METHODS: Records of 240 consecutive patients treated in 2008 in a public versus 97 patients in a private health facility were reviewed for demographic and oncologic data. RESULTS: The average of patients was 56.2 versus 51.9 years (p = 0.032)...
August 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819766/-german-s3-guideline-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-presentation-and-discussion-of-essential-aspects-for-the-radiation-oncologist
#19
REVIEW
Arndt-Christian Müller, Birgitt van Oorschot, Oliver Micke, Matthias Guckenberger
PURPOSE: We aim to introduce and discuss the statements and recommendations of the German S3 guideline on renal cell cancer for daily practice of radiation oncologists. METHODS: This report comprises indication, treatment decision, dose prescription and current literature including treatment of oligometastatic disease. RESULTS: According to different stages of the disease and the structure of the guideline we focus on five treatment situations and recommendations for decision making: (1) Neo-/adjuvant treatment before or after nephrectomy: No indication for radiotherapy...
August 17, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819752/progression-of-understanding-for-the-role-of-epstein-barr-virus-and-management-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#20
Yosuke Nakanishi, Naohiro Wakisaka, Satoru Kondo, Kazuhira Endo, Hisashi Sugimoto, Miyako Hatano, Takayoshi Ueno, Kazuya Ishikawa, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is very common in southern China and Southeast Asia. In regions where NPC is endemic, undifferentiated subtypes constitute most cases and are invariably associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, whereas the differentiated subtype is more common in other parts of the world. Undifferentiated NPC is a unique malignancy with regard to its epidemiology, etiology, and clinical presentation. Clinically, NPC is highly invasive and metastatic, but sensitive to both chemotherapy and radiotherapy (RT)...
August 17, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
keyword
keyword
68806
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"