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Lukasz Wujak, Ralph T Böttcher, Oleg Pak, Helena Frey, Elie El Agha, Ying Chen, Sigrid Schmitt, Saverio Bellusci, Liliana Schaefer, Norbert Weissmann, Reinhard Fässler, Malgorzata Wygrecka
Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) 1 modulates cell adhesion and motility under normal and pathological conditions. Previous studies documented that LRP1 binds several integrin receptors and mediates their trafficking to the cell surface and endocytosis. However, the mechanism by which LRP1 may regulate integrin activation remains unknown. Here we report that LRP1 promotes the activation and subsequent degradation of β1 integrin and thus supports cell adhesion, spreading, migration and integrin signaling on fibronectin...
November 7, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Zhongji Liao, Ana Kasirer-Friede, Sanford J Shattil
The integrin αVβ3 is reported to promote angiogenesis in some model systems but not in others. Here, we used optogenetics to study the effects of αVβ3 interaction with the intracellular adapter kindlin-2 (Fermt2) on endothelial cell functions potentially relevant to angiogenesis. Because interaction of kindlin-2 with αVβ3 requires the C-terminal three residues of the β3 cytoplasmic tail (Arg-Gly-Thr; RGT), optogenetic probes LOVpep and ePDZ1 were fused to β3ΔRGT-GFP and mCherry-kindlin-2, respectively, and expressed in β3 integrin-null microvascular endothelial cells...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
Ben Stutchbury, Paul Atherton, Ricky Tsang, De-Yao Wang, Christoph Ballestrem
Focal adhesions (FAs) are macromolecular complexes that regulate cell adhesion and mechanotransduction. By performing fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and fluorescence loss after photoactivation (FLAP) experiments, we found that the mobility of core FA proteins correlates with their function. Structural proteins such as tensin, talin and vinculin are significantly less mobile in FAs than signaling proteins such as FAK (also known as PTK2) and paxillin. The mobilities of the structural proteins are directly influenced by substrate stiffness, suggesting that they are involved in sensing the rigidity of the extracellular environment...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
Vira V Artym, Stephen Swatkoski, Kazue Matsumoto, Catherine B Campbell, Ryan J Petrie, Emilios K Dimitriadis, Xin Li, Susette C Mueller, Thomas H Bugge, Marjan Gucek, Kenneth M Yamada
Cell interactions with the extracellular matrix (ECM) can regulate multiple cellular activities and the matrix itself in dynamic, bidirectional processes. One such process is local proteolytic modification of the ECM. Invadopodia of tumor cells are actin-rich proteolytic protrusions that locally degrade matrix molecules and mediate invasion. We report that a novel high-density fibrillar collagen (HDFC) matrix is a potent inducer of invadopodia, both in carcinoma cell lines and in primary human fibroblasts. In carcinoma cells, HDFC matrix induced formation of invadopodia via a specific integrin signaling pathway that did not require growth factors or even altered gene and protein expression...
February 2, 2015: Journal of Cell Biology
Tania Rozario, Paul E Mead, Douglas W DeSimone
The kindlin/fermitin family includes three proteins involved in regulating integrin ligand-binding activity and adhesion. Loss-of-function mutations in kindlins1 and 3 have been implicated in Kindler Syndrome and Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency III (LAD-III) respectively, whereas kindlin2 null mice are embryonic lethal. Post translational regulation of cell-cell and cell-ECM adhesion has long been presumed to be important for morphogenesis, however, few specific examples of activation-dependent changes in adhesion molecule function in normal development have been reported...
August 2014: Mechanisms of Development
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