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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#1
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#2
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777747/social-environment-as-a-factor-affecting-exploration-and-learning-in-pre-juvenile-rats
#3
Klaudia Modlinska, Rafał Stryjek, Anna Chrzanowska, Wojciech Pisula
Stress associated with social isolation in early life can lead to disturbances in the emotional regulation in adult rats. However, there are no reports on the impact of isolation from the mother while providing contact with peers. Under such conditions, young individuals have the opportunity to interact with others, are able to develop social behaviour, etc. Yet, there is no stimulation and care provided by the mother. We examined the relative impact of maternal contact and sibling contact in the rarely studied pre-juvenile (3rd and 4th week post birth) period on subsequent development...
May 16, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765935/experiences-during-a-psychoeducational-intervention-program-run-in-a-pediatric-ward-a-qualitative-study
#4
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762867/shaping-memory-consolidation-via-targeted-memory-reactivation-during-sleep
#5
REVIEW
Nicola Cellini, Alessandra Capuozzo
Recent studies have shown that the reactivation of specific memories during sleep can be modulated using external stimulation. Specifically, it has been reported that matching a sensory stimulus (e.g., odor or sound cue) with target information (e.g., pairs of words, pictures, and motor sequences) during wakefulness, and then presenting the cue alone during sleep, facilitates memory of the target information. Thus, presenting learned cues while asleep may reactivate related declarative, procedural, and emotional material, and facilitate the neurophysiological processes underpinning memory consolidation in humans...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755049/developing-a-productive-workgroup-within-a-community-coalition-transtheoretical-model-processes-stages-of-change-and-lessons-learned
#6
Heather A Finnegan, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Emily Blejwas, Alethea Hill, Donald Ponquinette, Shearie Archer, Marlena Kelley, Matt Allison
BACKGROUND: Addressing complex problems such as health disparities requires collaboration among individuals and agencies. Yet, methods by which productive and cohesive community-based volunteer workgroups are developed and activated to improve health outcomes are often not discussed. OBJECTIVE: Using the transtheoretical model (TTM) as a framework, we discuss effective processes for developing an action-oriented community-based workgroup committed to producing evidence-based information relevant to health policy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754114/the-value-of-continuing-professional-development-a-realistic-evaluation-of-a-multi-disciplinary-workshop-for-health-visitors-dealing-with-children-with-complex-needs
#7
Alison Steven, Valerie Larkin, Jane Stewart, Belinda Bateman
BACKGROUND: Continuing Professional Development is important for maintaining and developing knowledge and skills. Evidence regarding direct impact on practice is limited. Existing literature often lacks sufficient detail regarding the initiative or its evaluation, making transferability problematic. OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact and perceived value of multi-disciplinary Continuing Professional Development workshops for Health Visitors who support families with children with complex health needs...
April 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751812/negotiating-health-patients-and-guardians-perspective-on-failed-patient-professional-interactions-in-the-context-of-the-swedish-health-care-system
#8
Roland Koch, Stefanie Joos, Elsa-Lena Ryding
BACKGROUND: Sweden has a largely tax-funded health care system that aims at providing equal access for everyone. However, the individual's perception and experience of the health care system remains a relevant topic for researchers. The aim of this study is to learn the patient's perspective on how patients and professionals negotiate in the social context of the Swedish health care system. METHODS: Eight essays that had spontaneously been contributed to a medical writing contest were analyzed using narrative methods...
May 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745711/rapid-visual-perception-of-interracial-crowds-racial-category-learning-from-emotional-segregation
#9
Sarah Ariel Lamer, Timothy D Sweeny, Michael Louis Dyer, Max Weisbuch
Drawing from research on social identity and ensemble coding, we theorize that crowd perception provides a powerful mechanism for social category learning. Crowds include allegiances that may be distinguished by visual cues to shared behavior and mental states, providing perceivers with direct information about social groups and thus a basis for learning social categories. Here, emotion expressions signaled group membership: to the extent that a crowd exhibited emotional segregation (i.e., was segregated into emotional subgroups), a visible characteristic (race) that incidentally distinguished emotional subgroups was expected to support categorical distinctions...
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741963/challenges-and-strategies-for-coping-with-scleroderma-implications-for-a-scleroderma-specific-self-management-program
#10
Katherine Milette, Brett D Thombs, Kristina Maiorino, Warren R Nielson, Annett Körner, Sandra Peláez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore challenges faced by patients with systemic sclerosis, also called scleroderma, in coping with their disease and the strategies they used to face those challenges. METHOD: Five focus groups were held with scleroderma patients (4 groups, n = 34) and health care professionals who have experience treating scleroderma (1 group, n = 8). Participants' discussions were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731417/social-touch-and-human-development
#11
Carissa J Cascio, David Moore, Francis McGlone
Social touch is a powerful force in human development, shaping social reward, attachment, cognitive, communication, and emotional regulation from infancy and throughout life. In this review, we consider the question of how social touch is defined from both bottom-up and top-down perspectives. In the former category, there is a clear role for the C-touch (CT) system, which constitutes a unique submodality that mediates affective touch and contrasts with discriminative touch. Top-down factors such as culture, personal relationships, setting, gender, and other contextual influences are also important in defining and interpreting social touch...
April 24, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725317/psychopathy-to-altruism-neurobiology-of-the-selfish-selfless-spectrum
#12
REVIEW
James W H Sonne, Don M Gash
The age-old philosophical, biological, and social debate over the basic nature of humans as being "universally selfish" or "universally good" continues today highlighting sharply divergent views of natural social order. Here we analyze advances in biology, genetics and neuroscience increasing our understanding of the evolution, features and neurocircuitry of the human brain underlying behavior in the selfish-selfless spectrum. First, we examine evolutionary pressures for selection of altruistic traits in species with protracted periods of dependence on parents and communities for subsistence and acquisition of learned behaviors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724613/perceptions-of-singaporean-patients-living-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#13
Sim Leng Ooi, Betsy Seah, Vivien Xi Wu, Karen Wei Ling Koh, Nana Jiao, Hong-Gu He, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) as a preventive approach for high-risk patients with arrhythmias, little is known about the perceptions of ICD recipients regarding these devices and their impact on quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To explore perceptions towards quality of life, coping strategies, and learning needs of patients living with ICDs in Singapore. METHODS: 16 participants (age ranges 52 to 84 years old) were purposively recruited and interviewed individually for this exploratory qualitative study...
April 30, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718733/development-of-a-multimedia-educational-programme-for-first-time-hearing-aid-users-a-participatory-design
#14
Melanie Ferguson, Paul Leighton, Marian Brandreth, Heather Wharrad
OBJECTIVE: To develop content for a series of interactive video tutorials (or reusable learning objects, RLOs) for first-time adult hearing aid users, to enhance knowledge of hearing aids and communication. DESIGN: RLO content was based on an electronically-delivered Delphi review, workshops, and iterative peer-review and feedback using a mixed-methods participatory approach. STUDY SAMPLE: An expert panel of 33 hearing healthcare professionals, and workshops involving 32 hearing aid users and 11 audiologists...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704412/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-their-general-functioning
#15
Anna Mosiołek, Jacek Gierus, Tytus Koweszko, Agata Szulc
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the relation between cognitive functioning in people with borderline personality disorder and their overall functioning level, as well as psychopathology intensification specific for this type of disorders. METHODS: 64 patients aged 18-55 (M = 30.09) with borderline personality disorder (emotionally unstable personality - borderline type in the ICD-10) were examined. The study used: demographic-descriptive questionnaire, SCID II, Borderline Symptom Checlist-23, and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696780/neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-and-management
#16
Ann Swillen, Edward Moss, Sasja Duijff
The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2 DS) places affected individuals at an increased risk for neurodevelopmental/cognitive, behavioral and social-emotional difficulties. Poor cognitive functioning and intellectual disabilities, attention and executive functioning deficits, learning disorders, emotional dysregulation and impairments in social processing are common among individuals with 22q11.2 DS. Identifying risk and protective/resilience factors that can be detected in early life and can predict neurodevelopmental outcomes for people with 22q11...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695937/effect-of-mindfulness-and-yoga-on-quality-of-life-for-elementary-school-students-and-teachers-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-school-based-study
#17
Alessandra N Bazzano, Christopher E Anderson, Chelsea Hylton, Jeanette Gustat
Objective: To assess the impact of a yoga curriculum in an elementary school on student quality of life, and to assess teacher and staff perception of potential barriers to, and benefits of, introducing yoga and mindfulness into the classroom. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was utilized to assess the impact of a brief intervention on third-grade students who screened positive for symptoms of anxiety. Students were randomized to an intervention group of 20 students receiving small-group yoga/mindfulness activities for 8 weeks between October 2016 and February 2017, and a control group of 32 students receiving care as usual...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688081/perceptions-of-the-transition-from-receiving-the-diagnosis-recessive-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-to-becoming-in-need-of-human-support-and-using-a-wheelchair-an-interview-study
#18
Anna Carin Aho, Sally Hultsjö, Katarina Hjelm
PURPOSE: To describe perceptions of the transition from receiving the diagnosis recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy to becoming in need of human support to manage daily life and using a wheelchair for ambulation, from the affected young adults' and their parents' perspectives. METHOD: A qualitative and descriptive study design was used. Semi-structured interviews were held with 14 young adults diagnosed with recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy and 19 parents...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684224/mismatch-negativity-and-cortical-thickness-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#19
Sungkean Kim, Hyeonjin Jeon, Kuk-In Jang, Yong-Wook Kim, Chang-Hwan Im, Seung-Hwan Lee
Introduction: Mismatch negativity (MMN) is a measure of automatic neurophysiological brain processes for detecting unexpected sensory stimuli. This study investigated MMN reduction in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and examined whether cortical thickness is associated with MMN, for exploratory purposes. Methods: Electroencephalograms were recorded in 38 patients with schizophrenia, 37 patients with bipolar disorder, and 32 healthy controls (HCs) performing a passive auditory oddball paradigm...
April 19, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668020/adolescent-sexual-health-and-education-where-does-the-pediatrician-s-responsibility-fall
#20
Rachel S Dawson
Adolescence is a stressful time with a considerable amount of change, not only physically, with all the changes expected throughout puberty, but also emotionally, spiritually, and psychosocially. Teens are learning how to build and sustain relationships, learning boundaries in all areas of their lives, experimenting, as well as setting values that will sustain them throughout their lives. Home, school, various social settings, and places of worship all contribute to where adolescents learn what their values are, what they want their values to be, and how they start to make choices about their personal beliefs, which may not always align with their family values...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
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