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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#1
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341270/pre-transplant-depression-in-lung-recipients-a-lost-battle
#2
Ivan Knezevic, Bojan Zalar
What have we learned so far about the relationship of the recipient's pre-transplant depression and his survival after lung transplantation? First, every chronic disease is always accompanied by somatic changes, functional limitations and emotional, cognitive and social changes as part of the disease. From the first symptoms, to the time of diagnosis of the chronic disease with the expected future, the patient is exposed to the terrible stress of denying and accepting life with a serious chronic illness whose end result is death...
January 16, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340965/emotional-and-social-characteristics-of-stroke-patients-with-low-verbal-memory
#3
Ewa Zawadzka, Łucja Domańska
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits, especially problems with memory observed after stroke often coexist with patients' experience of difficulties in everyday life situations. AIMS: The purposes of the study were to explore the relationships between verbal memory, emotional functioning and social competence in stroke patients, and to examine the emotional and social condition of stroke patients with low verbal memory. METHODS: Ninety-five participants were assessed with the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, the Neuropsychology Behavior and Affect Profile, and the Social Competency Questionnaire...
January 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330097/learning-situated-emotions
#4
Lauren A M Lebois, Christine D Wilson-Mendenhall, W Kyle Simmons, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Lawrence W Barsalou
From the perspective of constructivist theories, emotion results from learning assemblies of relevant perceptual, cognitive, interoceptive, and motor processes in specific situations. Across emotional experiences over time, learned assemblies of processes accumulate in memory that later underlie emotional experiences in similar situations. A neuroimaging experiment guided participants to experience (and thus learn) situated forms of emotion, and then assessed whether participants tended to experience situated forms of the emotion later...
January 9, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329024/-teamup-an-approach-to-developing-teamwork-skills-in-undergraduate-midwifery-students
#5
Carolyn Ruth Hastie
OBJECTIVE: to develop an effective model to enable educators to teach, develop and assess the development of midwifery students' teamwork skills DESIGN: an action research project involving participant interviews and academic feedback. SETTING: a regional university PARTICIPANTS: midwifery students (n = 21) and new graduate midwives (n = 20) INTERVENTIONS: a whole of course program using a rubric, with five teamwork domains and behavioural descriptors, to provide a framework for teaching and assessment...
December 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314508/how-the-dual-process-model-of-human-cognition-can-inform-efforts-to-de-implement-ineffective-and-harmful-clinical-practices-a-preliminary-model-of-unlearning-and-substitution
#6
Christian D Helfrich, Adam J Rose, Christine W Hartmann, Leti van Bodegom-Vos, Ian D Graham, Suzanne J Wood, Barbara R Majerczyk, Chester B Good, Leonard M Pogach, Sherry L Ball, David H Au, David C Aron
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: One way to understand medical overuse at the clinician level is in terms of clinical decision-making processes that are normally adaptive but become maladaptive. In psychology, dual process models of cognition propose 2 decision-making processes. Reflective cognition is a conscious process of evaluating options based on some combination of utility, risk, capabilities, and/or social influences. Automatic cognition is a largely unconscious process occurring in response to environmental or emotive cues based on previously learned, ingrained heuristics...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313176/effectiveness-of-a-multisystem-aquatic-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Giovanni Caputo, Giovanni Ippolito, Marina Mazzotta, Luigi Sentenza, Mara Rosaria Muzio, Sara Salzano, Massimiliano Conson
Aquatic therapy improves motor skills of persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but its usefulness for treating functional difficulties needs to be verified yet. We tested effectiveness of a multisystem aquatic therapy on behavioural, emotional, social and swimming skills of children with ASD. Multisystem aquatic therapy was divided in three phases (emotional adaptation, swimming adaptation and social integration) implemented in a 10-months-programme. At post-treatment, the aquatic therapy group showed significant improvements relative to controls on functional adaptation (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales), emotional response, adaptation to change and on activity level (Childhood Autism Rating Scale)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310448/motivations-for-participation-in-an-online-social-media-community-for-diabetes
#8
Katherine White, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Dana Lewis, Weston Nordgren, James Wedding, Josh Pasek, Ashley Garrity, Emily Hirschfeld, Joyce M Lee
BACKGROUND: Our objectives were to describe individuals' motivations for participation in an online social media community and to assess their level of trust in medical information provided by medical professionals and community members. METHODS: A purposive survey was delivered to participants recruited through posts on the CGM in the Cloud group, Twitter, and blogs. Individuals were asked a series of demographic and social media use questions. RESULTS: A total of 1268 members of the CGM in the Cloud community responded to the survey...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294928/applying-differential-coercion-and-social-support-theory-to-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Egbert Zavala, Don L Kurtz
A review of the current body of literature on intimate partner violence (IPV) shows that the most common theories used to explain this public health issue are social learning theory, a general theory of crime, general strain theory, or a combination of these perspectives. Other criminological theories have received less empirical attention. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to apply Differential Coercion and Social Support (DCSS) theory to test its capability to explain IPV. Data collected from two public universities ( N = 492) shows that three out of four measures of coercion (i...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294711/distinct-and-overlapping-correlates-of-psychological-and-physical-partner-violence-perpetration
#10
Michele Cascardi, Ernest N Jouriles, Jeff R Temple
Despite its high prevalence, adverse impact, and potential significance in understanding the onset of physical partner violence (PV), there has been surprisingly scant research on psychological PV perpetration. The present research, guided by social learning and attachment theories, addresses this gap in the literature by examining overlapping and distinct correlates for psychological and physical PV perpetration in emerging adults. Undergraduates ( N = 504) with current or recent dating experience were recruited to complete a self-report survey...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287909/ethological-approach-to-social-isolation-effects-in-behavioral-studies-of-laboratory-rodents
#11
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Arakawa
The aim of the present review is to discuss how housing conditions affect behavioral performance in laboratory rodents from an ethological view. Commonly used laboratory rodents such as rats and mice, are originally captured animals that largely retain species-typical natural behaviors, while have fully adapted to a laboratory setting after long-term domestication. Laboratory settings including caging and artificial group housing are a considerable ethological factor influencing rodents' behaviors in commonly employed behavioral test paradigms, including emotional and defensive behaviors, learning and memory, and attention-related behaviors...
December 26, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250006/developmental-changes-in-learning-computational-mechanisms-and-social-influences
#12
REVIEW
Florian Bolenz, Andrea M F Reiter, Ben Eppinger
Our ability to learn from the outcomes of our actions and to adapt our decisions accordingly changes over the course of the human lifespan. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in using computational models to understand developmental changes in learning and decision-making. Moreover, extensions of these models are currently applied to study socio-emotional influences on learning in different age groups, a topic that is of great relevance for applications in education and health psychology...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249203/characterization-of-excitatory-synaptic-transmission-in-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex-of-adult-tree-shrew
#13
Xu-Hui Li, Qian Song, Qi-Yu Chen, Jing-Shan Lu, Tao Chen, Min Zhuo
The tree shrew, as a primate-like animal model, has been used for studying high brain functions such as social emotion and spatial learning memory. However, little is known about the excitatory synaptic transmission in cortical brain areas of the tree shrew. In the present study, we have characterized the excitatory synaptic transmission and intrinsic properties of pyramidal neurons in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) of the adult tree shrew, a key cortical region for pain perception and emotion. We found that glutamate is the major excitatory transmitter for fast synaptic transmission...
December 18, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236411/boosting-social-and-emotional-development-in-and-out-of-school
#14
Ashley Wallace, Jennifer Palmer
(1) Illinois' state ESSA plan reflects the state’s whole-child approach, adding references to the social, emotional and behavioral needs of students, along with high expectations for student achievement. (2) Massachusetts' state ESSA plan lists supporting socialemotional learning, health and safety as among the state's core educational strategies. (3) South Carolina's ESSA plan develops a framework identifying self-direction, perseverance, global perspective and interpersonal skills to be among the characteristics that every student should have when he or she graduates from high school...
November 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228835/the-self-management-balancing-act-of-spousal-care-partners-in-the-case-of-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Sue Berger, Tiffany Chen, Jenna Eldridge, Cathi A Thomas, Barbara Habermann, Linda Tickle-Degnen
BACKGROUND: Living with and caring for someone with chronic illness can lead to limitations in activity and social participation for the care partner. Past research emphasizes the importance of care partners taking care of themselves physically and emotionally so they can stay healthy to support the care recipient. There is little information regarding how the care partner takes care of their own social lives. The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of social self-management from the perspective of spousal care partners of people with Parkinson's disease...
December 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221855/toll-like-receptor-4-regulates-anxiety-like-behavior-and-darpp-32-phosphorylation
#16
T Femenia, Y Qian, T Arentsen, H Forssberg, R Diaz Heijtz
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in early innate immune responses to inflammatory agents and pathogens. In the brain, some members of the TLR family are expressed in glial cells and neurons. In particular, TLR4 has been involved in learning and memory processes, stress-induced adaptations, and pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. However, the role of TLR4 in emotional behaviors and their underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role of TLR4 in emotional and social behavior by using different behavioral approaches, and assessed potential molecular alterations in important brain areas involved in emotional responses...
December 5, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209272/a-european-perspective-on-auditory-processing-disorder-current-knowledge-and-future-research-focus
#17
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Martin Ptok, Helen Grech, Ellen Raben Pedersen, André Brechmann, Naïma Deggouj, Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska, Andreas Nickisch, Laurent Demanez, Evelyne Veuillet, Hung Thai-Van, Tony Sirimanna, Marina Callimachou, Rosamaria Santarelli, Sandra Kuske, Jose Barajas, Mladen Hedjever, Ozlem Konukseven, Dorothy Veraguth, Tone Stokkereit Mattsson, Jorge Humberto Martins, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Current notions of "hearing impairment," as reflected in clinical audiological practice, do not acknowledge the needs of individuals who have normal hearing pure tone sensitivity but who experience auditory processing difficulties in everyday life that are indexed by reduced performance in other more sophisticated audiometric tests such as speech audiometry in noise or complex non-speech sound perception. This disorder, defined as "Auditory Processing Disorder" (APD) or "Central Auditory Processing Disorder" is classified in the current tenth version of the International Classification of diseases as H93...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209251/social-cognition-and-executive-functions-as-key-factors-for-effective-pedagogy-in-higher-education
#18
Rut Correia, Gorka Navarrete
Higher education (HE) faces the challenge of responding to an increasing diversity. In this context, more attention is being paid to teachers and teaching skills positively related to students learning. Beyond the knowledges identified as key components of an effective teacher, teachers also need to be capable of unraveling what their students think and believe, and how they accommodate the new information. More importantly, teachers need to be able to adapt their own teaching to their audience's needs. In learners, social cognition (SC) has been related to a better receptivity to the different teacher-student interactions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204846/the-costly-consequences-of-not-being-socially-and-behaviorally-ready-to-learn-by-kindergarten-in-baltimore-city
#19
Amie F Bettencourt, Deborah Gross, Grace Ho, Nancy Perrin
Social, emotional, and behavioral skills are foundational to learning and long-term success. However, poverty and exposure to adverse childhood experiences reduce the chances of children entering kindergarten socially-behaviorally ready to learn. This study examined the unique impact of 5-year-old children (N = 11,412) entering kindergarten not socially-behaviorally ready on three costly school outcomes by fourth grade in Baltimore City Public Schools: being retained in grade, receiving services and supports through an IEP or 504 plan, and being suspended/expelled...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199448/exploring-the-moderating-effects-of-cognitive-abilities-on-social-competence-intervention-outcomes
#20
Janine P Stichter, Melissa J Herzog, Stephen P Kilgus, Alexander M Schoemann
Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the social competence needs of early adolescents (i.e., age 11-14 years) identified as having scholastic potential but experiencing significant social competence deficits. Given the importance of establishing intervention efficacy, the current paper highlights the results from a four-year cluster randomized trial (CRT) to examine the efficacy of SCI-A (n = 146 students) relative to Business As Usual (n = 123 students) school-based programming...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
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