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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916015/evaluating-integrated-mental-health-care-programs-for-children-and-youth
#1
REVIEW
Lawrence S Wissow, Jonathan D Brown, Robert J Hilt, Barry D Sarvet
Evaluations of integrated care programs share many characteristics of evaluations of other complex health system interventions. However, evaluating integrated care for child and adolescent mental health poses special challenges that stem from the broad range of social, emotional, and developmental problems that need to be addressed; the need to integrate care for other family members; and the lack of evidence-based interventions already adapted for primary care settings. Integrated care programs for children's mental health need to adapt and learn on the fly, so that evaluations may best be viewed through the lens of continuous quality improvement rather than evaluations of fixed programs...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905207/role-of-vasopressin-v1a-receptor-in-%C3%A2-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-induced-cataleptic-immobilization-in-mice
#2
Nobuaki Egashira, Emi Koushi, Takayuki Myose, Akito Tanoue, Kenichi Mishima, Ryota Tsuchihashi, Junei Kinjo, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto, Katsunori Iwasaki
RATIONALE: Cannabis is a widely used illicit substance. ∆(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the major psychoactive component of cannabis, is known to cause catalepsy in rodents. Recent studies have shown that vasopressin V1a and V1b receptors are widely distributed in the central nervous system and are capable of influencing a wide variety of brain functions such as social behavior, emotionality, and learning and memory. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to examine the possible involvement of V1a and V1b receptors in THC-induced catalepsy-like immobilization...
September 14, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904510/dysfunction-of-cognition-patterns-measured-by-matrics-consensus-cognitive-battery-mccb-among-first-episode-schizophrenia-patients-and-their-biological-parents
#3
Aiai Cao, Ting Shen, Haibin Li, Chuangxin Wu, Marita McCabe, David Mellor, Linda Byrne, Jie Zhang, Jia Huang, Daihui Peng, Yifeng Xu
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is characterized by abnormal perception, thinking, emotions, and behaviors. Cognitive dysfunction is acknowledged as one of the most pivotal symptoms in schizophrenia. In addition to positive or negative symptoms, which had been proposed by Gallhofer in the early 1970s, schizophrenia patients suffered from cognitive impairments as well. Many studies show that there is genetic susceptibility in the first grading kinship of patients with schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia have cognitive impairment not only in the acute phase but also in the stable phase...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889019/psychotraumatology-what-researchers-and-clinicians-can-learn-from-an-evolutionary-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Alfonso Troisi
This review outlines the contribution of evolutionary science to experimental and clinical psychotraumatology. From an evolutionary perspective, traumatic and psychosocial stressors are conceived of as events or circumstances that thwart the achievement of biological goals. The more important is the adaptive value of the goal, the more painful is the emotional impact of the life event that endangers goal achievement. Life history theory and sexual selection theory help to explain why goal priorities differ between the sexes and across age groups...
September 6, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868951/experiences-of-flourishing-and-languishing-during-the-first-year-at-university
#5
Riané Knoesen, Luzelle Naudé
BACKGROUND: The theoretical framework utilised in the current study included Keyes's mental health continuum, as well as the dimensions of emotional, psychological and social well-being. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore students experiences of flourishing and languishing during their first year at university. METHODS: A nominal group technique was utilised in order to obtain data regarding the experiences of 22 first-year students and was thereafter analysed by means of thematic analysis...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867895/estrous-cycle-phase-dependent-changes-in-anxiety-and-depression-like-profiles-in-the-late-adolescent-wistar-kyoto-rat
#6
Deepthi D'Souza, Monika Sadananda
BACKGROUND: Depression often manifests during adolescence when the development and networking of social and emotional brain areas is being influenced by hormones. The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat has been proposed as an animal model of adolescent depression with various face, construct, and predictive validities for clinical depression having been established. PURPOSE: The influence of the estrous cycle on anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in female adolescents may be tested out further using this model...
July 2017: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865664/responding-to-aces-with-hope-health-outcomes-from-positive-experiences
#7
Robert D Sege, Charlyn Harper Browne
This article introduces a framework called "HOPE: Health Outcomes From Positive Experiences." The HOPE framework focuses on the need to actively promote positive childhood experiences that contribute to healthy development and well-being, as well as prevent or mitigate the effect of adverse childhood experiences and other negative environmental influences. Key positive childhood experiences fall within 4 broad categories: being in nurturing, supportive relationships; living, developing, playing, and learning in safe, stable, protective, and equitable environments; having opportunities for constructive social engagement and connectedness; and learning social and emotional competencies...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865659/prioritizing-possibilities-for-child-and-family-health-an-agenda-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-foster-the-social-and-emotional-roots-of-well-being-in-pediatrics
#8
Christina D Bethell, Michele R Solloway, Stephanie Guinosso, Sandra Hassink, Aditi Srivastav, David Ford, Lisa A Simpson
OBJECTIVE: A convergence of theoretical and empirical evidence across many scientific disciplines reveals unprecedented possibilities to advance much needed improvements in child and family well-being by addressing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), promoting resilience, and fostering nurturance and the social and emotional roots of healthy child development and lifelong health. In this article we synthesize recommendations from a structured, multiyear field-building and research, policy, and practice agenda setting process to address these issues in children's health services...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865432/a-mixed-methods-investigation-of-incident-hemodialysis-access-in-a-safety-net-population
#9
Nicole C Rich, Shant M Vartanian, Shimi Sharief, Daniel J Freitas, Delphine S Tuot
BACKGROUND: Despite improved health outcomes associated with arteriovenous fistulas, 80% of Americans initiate hemodialysis using a catheter, influenced by low socioeconomic status among other factors. Risk factors for incident catheter use in safety-net populations are unknown. Our objective was to identify factors associated with incident catheter use among hemodialysis patients at one safety-net hospital, with a goal of informing fistula placement initiatives targeted at safety-net populations more generally...
September 2, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857664/the-role-of-pupil-size-in-communication-is-there-room-for-learning
#10
Mariska E Kret
The eyes are extremely important for communication. The muscles around the eyes express emotional states and the size of the pupil signals whether a person is aroused and alert or bored and fatigued. Pupil size is an overlooked social signal, yet is readily picked up by observers. Observers mirror their own pupil sizes in response, which can influence social impressions. In a landmark study by Hess [1975. The role of pupil size in communication. Scientific American, 233(5), 110-119] it was shown that individuals with large pupils are perceived more positively than individuals with small pupils...
August 31, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852913/cancer-patients-intentions-towards-receiving-unsolicited-genetic-information-obtained-using-next-generation-sequencing
#11
Rhodé M Bijlsma, Hester Wessels, Roel H P Wouters, Anne M May, Margreet G E M Ausems, Emile E Voest, Annelien L Bredenoord
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) can be used to generate information about a patient's tumour and personal genome. This powerful diagnostic tool provides solicited and unsolicited hereditary genetic (risk) information that could have consequences for cancer patients and their quality of life. A well-defined approach for returning appropriate genetic risk information is needed in personalized cancer care. A qualitative design with semi-structured interviews was used. We conducted interviews with 24 Dutch patients with different types of cancer, both NGS-experienced and NGS-inexperienced, to learn their intentions, needs and preferences towards receiving unsolicited genetic information obtained using NGS...
August 29, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843112/bio-behavioral-synchrony-promotes-the-development-of-conceptualized-emotions
#12
REVIEW
Shir Atzil, Maria Gendron
As adults, we have structured conceptual representations of our emotions that help us to make sense of and regulate our ongoing affective experience. The ability to use emotion concepts is critical to make predictions about the world and choose appropriate action, such as 'I am afraid, and going to run away' or 'I am hungry and going to eat'. Thus, emotion concepts have an important role in helping us maintain our ongoing physiological balance, or allostasis. We will suggest here that infants can learn emotion concepts for the purpose of allostasis regulation, and that conceptualization is key component in emotional development...
July 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838600/social-and-emotional-learning
#13
EDITORIAL
Martha K Swartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831313/emotion-processing-by-erp-combined-with-development-and-plasticity
#14
REVIEW
Rui Ding, Ping Li, Wei Wang, Wenbo Luo
Emotions important for survival and social interaction have received wide and deep investigations. The application of the fMRI technique into emotion processing has obtained overwhelming achievements with respect to the localization of emotion processes. The ERP method, which possesses highly temporal resolution compared to fMRI, can be employed to investigate the time course of emotion processing. The emotional modulation of the ERP component has been verified across numerous researches. Emotions, described as dynamically developing along with the growing age, have the possibility to be enhanced through learning (or training) or to be damaged due to disturbances in growth, which is underlain by the neural plasticity of emotion-relevant nervous systems...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822851/-why-are-we-not-doing-more-for-them-genocide-prevention-lessons-from-the-kindertransport
#15
J Angel, D P Evans
OBJECTIVES: Genocide remains one of the most widespread forms of preventable mortality and morbidity for children today. Despite the creation of multiple human rights treaties, genocide has not been eliminated and its effects disproportionally impact children. The Kindertransport was a series of rescue efforts that brought thousands of refugee children to the United Kingdom from Nazi Germany between 1938 and 1940. This qualitative study asks what public health professionals can learn from the prevention efforts of the Kindertransport by examining the experiences and reflections of individuals rescued as children...
August 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818075/perspectives-of-basic-wheelchair-users-on-improving-their-access-to-wheelchair-services-in-kenya-and-philippines-a-qualitative-study
#16
Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L Sy, R Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi, Eva Bazant
BACKGROUND: The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. Yet little is known about the extent to which appropriate wheelchairs are available and provided according to international guidelines. This study's purpose was to describe wheelchair users' experiences receiving services and acquiring wheelchair skills in urban and peri-urban areas of Kenya and the Philippines...
August 17, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813689/large-scale-machine-learning-of-media-outlets-for-understanding-public-reactions-to-nation-wide-viral-infection-outbreaks
#17
Sungwoon Choi, Jangho Lee, Min-Gyu Kang, Hyeyoung Min, Yoon-Seok Chang, Sungroh Yoon
From May to July 2015, there was a nation-wide outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in Korea. MERS is caused by MERS-CoV, an enveloped, positive-sense, single stranded RNA virus belonging to the family Coronaviridae. Despite expert opinions that the danger of MERS might be exaggerated, there was an overreaction by the public according to the Korean mass media, which led to a noticeable reduction in social and economic activities during the outbreak. To explain this phenomenon, we presumed that machine learning-based analysis of media outlets would be helpful and collected a number of Korean mass media articles and short-text comments produced during the 10-week outbreak...
August 13, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813260/pairing-attachment-theory-and-social-learning-theory-in-video-feedback-intervention-to-promote-positive-parenting
#18
REVIEW
Femmie Juffer, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) is a social-learning and attachment-based intervention using video feedback to support sensitive parenting and at the same time setting firm limits. Empirical studies and meta-analyses have shown that sensitive parenting is the key determinant to promote secure child-parent attachment relationships and that adequate parental discipline contributes to fewer behavior problems in children. Building on this evidence, VIPP-SD has been tested in various populations of at-risk parents and vulnerable children (in the age range of zero to six years), as well as in the context of child care...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805434/the-differential-influences-of-parenting-and-child-narrative-coherence-on-the-development-of-emotion-recognition
#19
Sara R Berzenski, Tuppett M Yates
The ability to recognize and label emotions serves as a building block by which children make sense of the world and learn how to interact with social partners. However, the timing and salience of influences on emotion recognition development are not fully understood. Path analyses evaluated the contributions of parenting and child narrative coherence to the development of emotion recognition across ages 4 through 8 in a diverse (50% female; 46% Hispanic, 18.4% Black, 11.2% White, .4% Asian, 24.0% multiracial) longitudinally followed sample of 250 caregiver-child dyads...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800438/social-exposure-and-emotion-dysregulation-main-effects-in-relation-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#20
Rachel L Zelkowitz, Andrew C Porter, Ellen R Heiman, David A Cole
We examined the relation of interpersonal and media exposure to nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among 340 university students in the southeastern United States (73.5% female, M age = 19.38 years, SD = 1.15). We also assessed interactions and main effects of each exposure and emotion dysregulation in relation to NSSI, testing the social learning hypothesis of NSSI. Most participants endorsed medium to high levels of exposure to NSSI via media sources. More than one-third of participants were somewhat or very familiar with someone who engaged in NSSI...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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