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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458220/incidence-of-autoimmune-and-related-disorders-after-resolution-of-endogenous-cushing-syndrome-in-children
#1
Christina Tatsi, Meg Keil, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Constantine A Stratakis, Maya B Lodish
Glucocorticoids are widely used for immunosuppression in autoimmune diseases. After the resolution of hypercortisolemia, the immune system recovers allowing for autoimmune diseases to manifest. Here we investigated the presence of autoimmune and related diseases that developed after cure of endogenous Cushing syndrome (CS) in children. We identified 129 children who were diagnosed and successfully treated for endogenous CS at the National Institutes of Health from 1997 until 2017, and who were followed for at least 6 months after treatment...
February 19, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456943/transnasal-endoscopic-optic-nerve-decompression-in-post-traumatic-optic-neuropathy
#2
Devang Gupta, Monica Gadodia
To quantify the successful outcome in patients following optic nerve decompression in post traumatic unilateral optic neuropathy in form of improvement in visual acuity. A prospective study was carried out over a period of 5 years (January 2011 to June 2016) at civil hospital Ahmedabad. Total 20 patients were selected with optic neuropathy including patients with direct and indirect trauma to unilateral optic nerve, not responding to conservative management, leading to optic neuropathy and subsequent impairment in vision and blindness...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456342/immune-mediated-neuropathies-our-experience-over-3-years
#3
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Venkata Raviteja Karru, M A Mukheem Mudabbir, Subashree Ramakrishnan, Anitha Mahadevan
Introduction: Immune-mediated peripheral neuropathy is the term applied to a spectrum of peripheral nerve disorders where immune dysregulation plays a role. Therefore, they are treatable. We analyzed the cases seen in the past 3 years by us and evaluated the clinical, laboratory, and outcome parameters in these patients. Patients and Methods: Consecutive patients seen by the authors and diagnosed as immune-mediated neuropathy were analyzed for etiology, pathology, and outcome assessed...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455401/new-clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-of-hand-knob-infarction
#4
Yun Wang, Qian Dong, Shu-Juan Li, Wen-Li Hu
Hand knob infarction (HKI) is a rare clinical condition which is often misdiagnosed as peripheral neuropathy. This study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics and risk factors of HKI. Nine HKI patients admitted between January 2013 and March 2016 were confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Their medical records were collected and analyzed. The modified Rankin Scale was used to assess clinical outcomes. Routine laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, cranial magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance angiography, computed tomography angiography, and Doppler ultrasonography examinations were performed...
February 17, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455258/effects-of-capsaicin-on-ovarian-granulosa-cell-proliferation-and-apoptosis
#5
Sabire Güler, Berrin Zik
Capsaicin is the pungent ingredient in red peppers. Due to the effects on the sensory nerve fibers, capsaicin has been used to treat pain and inflammation associated with a variety of diseases including rheumatoid arthritis and diabetic neuropathy, obesity, and cardiovascular and gastrointestinal conditions. Despite the extensive publications on different systems, the studies of the effects on the ovary are very limited. The present study was conducted to examine the possible proliferative and/or apoptotic effects of various doses of capsaicin on primarily derived granulosa cells...
February 17, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455215/stroke-and-seizure-continue-to-be-the-major-brunt-of-in-patient-neurology-care-an-observation-from-teaching-hospital
#6
Azra Zafar, Majed Alabdali, Rizwana Shahid, Danah Aljaafari, Fahd A Al-Khamis, Aishah I Albakr, Saima Nazish, Abdulla A Al-Sulaiman, Alon Abraham
OBJECTIVE: To assess the burden and describe the pattern of neurological disorders requiring admissions in a teaching hospital of Al Khobar. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross sectional study, carried out in the Neurology Department of King Fahd Hospital of the University from January 2009 to December 2016. Neurological disorders were grouped as ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, transient ischemic attack, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, seizure disorders, central nervous system infection, multiple sclerosis, neuropathies, myopathies, headache, dementia and miscellaneous group...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455214/an-overview-of-complications-affecting-the-central-nervous-system-following-bariatric-surgery
#7
Azra Zafar, Ismail A Khatri
Bariatric surgery has been considered as an effective treatment for morbid obesity. Apart from procedures related complications, a broad spectrum of neurological disorders affecting any part of neuraxis has been reported following BS. Central nervous system complications, although less common than peripheral nervous system complications, carry significant morbidity and potential mortality. Encephalopathy, behavioral and psychiatric disorders, myelopathy and optic neuropathy are the most frequently reported CNS complications...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455184/csf-free-light-chain-identification-of-demyelinating-disease-comparison-with-oligoclonal-banding-and-other-csf-indexes
#8
Kari M Gurtner, Eslam Shosha, Sandra C Bryant, Bruna D Andreguetto, David L Murray, Sean J Pittock, Maria Alice V Willrich
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) used in immunoglobulin gamma (IgG) index testing and oligoclonal bands (OCBs) are common laboratory tests used in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. The measurement of CSF free light chains (FLC) could pose as an alternative to the labor-intensive isoelectric-focusing (IEF) gels used for OCBs. METHODS: A total of 325 residual paired CSF and serum specimens were obtained after physician-ordered OCB IEF testing. CSF kappa (cKFLC) and lambda FLC (cLFLC), albumin and total IgG were measured...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454964/nek3-mediated-snap29-phosphorylation-modulates-its-membrane-association-and-snare-fusion-dependent-processes
#9
Debora Rapaport, Boris Fichtman, Hilla Weidberg, Eli Sprecher, Mia Horowitz
Intracellular membrane fusion depends on the presence of specific mediators, the vesicle (v-) and the target (t-) SNAREs (Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor, NSF, attachment protein SNAP receptors), whose interaction brings apposing membranes to close proximity and initiates their fusion. SNAP29 (synaptosomal-associated protein 29), a t-SNARE protein, is involved in multiple fusion events during intracellular transport and affects structure of organelles such as the Golgi apparatus and focal adhesions...
February 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454676/opa1-how-much-do-we-know-to-approach-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Valentina Del Dotto, Mario Fogazza, Guy Lenaers, Michela Rugolo, Valerio Carelli, Claudia Zanna
OPA1 is a GTPase that controls several functions, such as mitochondrial dynamics and energetics, mtDNA maintenance and cristae integrity. In the last years, there have been described other cellular pathways and mechanisms involving OPA1 directly or through its interaction. All this new information, by implementing our knowledge on OPA1 is instrumental to elucidating the pathogenic mechanisms of OPA1 mutations. Indeed, these are associated with dominant optic atrophy (DOA), one of the most common inherited optic neuropathies, and with an increasing number of heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders...
February 15, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454364/cyclosporine-a-does-not-prevent-second-eye-involvement-in-leber-s-hereditary-optic-neuropathy
#11
Stéphanie Leruez, Christophe Verny, Dominique Bonneau, Vincent Procaccio, Guy Lenaers, Patrizia Amati-Bonneau, Pascal Reynier, Clarisse Scherer, Adriana Prundean, Christophe Orssaud, Xavier Zanlonghi, Marie-Bénédicte Rougier, Caroline Tilikete, Dan Miléa
BACKRGROUND: Evaluation of the efficacy of oral cyclosporine A as a prophylactic agent in preventing second-eye involvement in Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) in a prospective, open-label, non-randomized, multicenter pilot study. Only LHON patients aged 18 years or more, with confirmed primary mitochondrial DNA mutations and strictly unilateral optic neuropathy occurring within 6 months prior to enrolment, were included in the study. All these patients, receiving treatment with oral cyclosporine (Neoral®, Novartis) at 2...
February 17, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453628/safety-tolerability-and-preliminary-activity-of-imgn529-a-cd37-targeted-antibody-drug-conjugate-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-dose-escalation-phase-i-study
#12
Anastasios Stathis, Ian W Flinn, Sumit Madan, Kami Maddocks, Arnold Freedman, Steven Weitman, Emanuele Zucca, Mihaela C Munteanu, M Lia Palomba
Background CD37 is expressed on B-cell lymphoid malignancies, thus making it an attractive candidate for targeted therapy in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). IMGN529 is an antibody-drug conjugate comprising a CD37-binding antibody linked to the maytansinoid DM1, a potent anti-mitotic agent. Methods This first-in-human, phase 1 trial recruited adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell NHL. The primary objective was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose. Secondary objectives were to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary clinical activity...
February 17, 2018: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453140/serum-apolipoprotein-a-1-concentrations-and-the-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-neuropathy-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Jin Ook Chung, Seon-Young Park, Ji Hyun Han, Dong Hyeok Cho, Dong Jin Chung, Min Young Chung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between levels of serum apolipoproteins and the prevalence of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In total, 3199 individuals with type 2 diabetes were investigated in a cross-sectional study. The diagnosis of CAN was made based on the results of a cardiovascular reflex test. Serum apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) and apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels were measured. RESULTS: Serum apoA-1 levels were significantly low in individuals with CAN, but there was no significant association between serum apoB levels and CAN...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452785/the-risks-of-sarcopenia-falls-and-fractures-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
REVIEW
C Sarodnik, S P G Bours, N C Schaper, J P van den Bergh, T A C M van Geel
Fracture risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increased, and the mechanism is multifactorial. Recent research on T2DM-induced bone fragility shows that bone mineral density (BMD) is often normal or even slightly elevated. However, bone turnover may be decreased and bone material and microstructural properties are altered, especially when microvascular complications are present. Besides bone fragility, extra-skeletal factors leading to an increased propensity to experience falls may also contribute to the increased fracture risk in T2DM, such as peripheral neuropathy, retinopathy and diabetes medication (e...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452759/feasibility-study-of-weekly-nanoparticle-albumin-bound-paclitaxel-150-mg-m-2-followed-by-fluorouracil-epirubicin-and-cyclophosphamide-therapy-as-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-her2-negative-breast-cancer
#15
Yasuyuki Kojima, Hisanori Kawamoto, Toru Nishikawa, Ryosuke Hayami, Arata Shimo, Ei Haku, Kyoko Akiyama, Koichiro Tsugawa
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have shown efficacy of nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab) paclitaxel use as a neoadjuvant treatment in breast cancer, dosage and schedules were varied or used in combination and the data are still limited for weekly regimens. We evaluated the feasibility of weekly nab-paclitaxel followed by FEC (5-FU [fluorouracil], epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide) treatment feasibility as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with no previous chemotherapy were enrolled to receive nab-paclitaxel 150 mg/m 2 the first 3 of 4 weeks (3q4w) followed by FEC as neoadjuvant treatment...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452113/technological-innovation-strategies-for-the-specific-treatment-of-chagas-disease-based-on-benznidazole
#16
REVIEW
Leslie Raphael de Moura Ferraz, Alinne Élida Gonçalves Alves, Débora Dolores Souza da Silva Nascimento, Isabela Araújo E Amariz, Aline Silva Ferreira, Salvana Priscylla Manso Costa, Larissa Araújo Rolim, Ádley Antonini Neves de Lima, Pedro José Rolim Neto
Caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, Chagas disease is responsible for public health problems greater in magnitude than those attributed to malaria, schistosomiasis, or leishmaniasis. A factor in the socioeconomic development of poor countries, Chagas disease can cause death due to a high parasitic burden during its acute phase due and irreversible damage in organs such as the heart, esophagus, and colon during its chronic phase, even when the number of parasites is minimal. For treating Chagas disease, benznidazole (BNZ) remains the drug of choice and, in Latin America, the only drug on the market for treating the disease...
February 13, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451992/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-the-peripapillary-retina-in-normal-tension-glaucoma-and-chronic-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#17
Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Luca Agnifili, Enrico Borrelli, Vincenzo Fasanella, Lorenza Brescia, Luca Di Antonio, Leonardo Mastropasqua
PURPOSE: To analyze the retinal radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) network in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) eyes using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with NTG, 22 patients with unilateral chronic NAION, and 23 age-matched controls were enrolled. Patients underwent OCTA to obtain en face angiograms of the peripapillary region. The main outcome measures were as follows: (1) the whole en face image perfusion density (WPD) and (2) the circumpapillary perfusion density (CPD)...
February 16, 2018: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451665/mirror-therapy-a-potential-intervention-for-pain-management
#18
Priscilla G Wittkopf, Mark I Johnson
The consequences of chronic pain and associated disabilities to the patient and to the health care system are well known. Medication is often the first treatment of choice for chronic pain, although side effects and high costs restrict long-term use. Inexpensive, safe and easy to self-administer non-pharmacological therapies, such as mirror therapy, are recommended as adjuncts to pain treatment. The purpose of this review is to describe the principles of use of mirror therapy so it can be incorporated into a health care delivery...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450683/common-adverse-effects-of-novel-therapies-for-multiple-myeloma-mm-and-their-management-strategies
#19
REVIEW
Kristen B McCullough, Miriam A Hobbs, Jithma P Abeykoon, Prashant Kapoor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to evaluate management strategies for common adverse effects of novel therapies in multiple myeloma (MM), including immunomodulatory drugs, proteasome inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies, and a histone deacetylase inhibitor. RECENT FINDINGS: There are several adverse effects that occur across multiple classes of antimyeloma drugs, including rash, peripheral neuropathy, infusion reactions, and cardiotoxicity, but most can be managed without complete discontinuation of the agent or abandonment of the class...
February 15, 2018: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449460/pfn2-and-gamt-as-common-molecular-determinants-of-axonal-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#20
Manisha Juneja, Abdelkrim Azmi, Jonathan Baets, Andreas Roos, Matthew J Jennings, Paola Saveri, Chiara Pisciotta, Nathalie Bernard-Marissal, Bernard L Schneider, Catherine Verfaillie, Roman Chrast, Pavel Seeman, Angelika F Hahn, Peter de Jonghe, Stuart Maudsley, Rita Horvath, Davide Pareyson, Vincent Timmerman
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2 (CMT2) neuropathy is characterised by a vast clinical and genetic heterogeneity complicating its diagnosis and therapeutic intervention. Identification of molecular signatures that are common to multiple CMT2 subtypes can aid in developing therapeutic strategies and measuring disease outcomes. METHODS: A proteomics-based approach was performed on lymphoblasts from CMT2 patients genetically diagnosed with different gene mutations to identify differentially regulated proteins...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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