keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Respiratory center

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088400/hospitalizations-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-vaccine-preventable-infections-in-the-first-2-years-after-pediatric-liver-transplant
#1
Amy G Feldman, Shikha S Sundaram, Brenda L Beaty, Allison Kempe
OBJECTIVES: To examine in liver transplant recipients at centers participating in the Pediatric Health Information System dataset the number of hospitalizations for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and vaccine-preventable infections (VPIs) in the first 2 years after transplantation, morbidity and mortality associated with these hospitalizations, and costs associated with these hospitalizations. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of patients <18 years of age who underwent liver transplantation at a Pediatric Health Information System center between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2012...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081532/cardiovascular-events-in-moderately-to-severely-obese-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-on-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#2
Anna Maria Marotta, Jean-Christian Borel, Louis M Galerneau, Renaud Tamisier, Maria R Bonsignore, Jean Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: In moderately to severely obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the effects of long-term positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment on cardiovascular risk are poorly defined. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on the occurrence of cardiovascular events in obese OSA patients. METHODS: We performed a noninterventional observational study in obese OSA patients recruited between 2007 and 2010 at the Sleep Center, University of Grenoble, treated with CPAP or NIV, and followed for 5...
January 13, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079851/corticosteroid-and-cyclophosphamide-in-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#3
Luca Novelli, Roberto Ruggiero, Federica De Giacomi, Alice Biffi, Paola Faverio, Luca Bilucaglia, Silvia Gamberini, Grazia Messinesi, Alberto Pesci
Acute Exacerbation (AEx) is a frequent and severe complication of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). In the absence of consensus regarding treatment, studies evaluating the efficacy of specific therapies, such as corticosteroids and immunosuppresant agents, are needed. In this case series we evaluated the outcome in terms of survival of intravenous pulse doses of high-dose corticosteroid (methylprednisolone 1000 mg per day for 3 consecutive days) followed by montlhy cyclophosphamide administration (maximum 6 doses) in a cohort of patients with AEx-IPF referred to the Respiratory Unit, San Gerardo University Hospital, Monza, Italy, from 2009 to 2013...
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079652/long-term-survival-and-causes-of-late-death-in-children-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#4
Viktor von Bahr, Jan Hultman, Staffan Eksborg, Roxana Gerleman, Øyvind Enstad, Björn Frenckner, Håkan Kalzén
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used in patients with severe circulatory or respiratory failure since the 1970s, but the knowledge on long-term survival in this group is scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate the 10-year survival rates and causes of late death in children treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for extracorporeal life support...
January 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078558/respiratory-syncytial-virus-associated-hospitalizations-in-preterm-infants-of-29-to-32%C3%A2-weeks-gestational-age-using-a-risk-score-tool-for-palivizumab-prophylaxis
#5
B Resch, V S Bramreiter, S Kurath-Koller, T Freidl, B Urlesberger
To evaluate the efficacy of palivizumab in infants of 29 to 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) based on a risk score tool developed for Austria. Retrospective single-center cohort study including all preterm infants of 29 (+0) to 32 (+6) weeks of GA born between 2004 and 2012 at a tertiary care university hospital. Data on RSV-related hospitalizations over the first 2 years of life were analyzed and compared between those having received palivizumab and those without. The study population was comprised of 789 of 816 screened infants, of whom 262 (33%) had received palivizumab and 527 (67%) had not...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075183/systematic-evaluation-of-lung-tumor-motion-using-four-dimensional-computed-tomography
#6
Sebastian Sarudis, Anna Karlsson Hauer, Jan Nyman, Anna Bäck
BACKGROUND: Respiratory-induced lung tumor motion may decrease robustness and outcome of radiation therapy (RT) if not accounted for. This study provides detailed information on the motion distribution of lung tumors for a group of 126 patients treated with stereotactic body RT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four-dimensional computed tomography scans were reviewed to assess lung tumor motion. The tumor motion was determined by the center of mass shift based on a rigid registration of the breathing phases containing the largest positional differences in the inferior-superior (IS), left-right (LR), and anterior-posterior (AP) directions...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071340/respiration-induced-intraorgan-deformation-of-the-liver
#7
Anna K Paulsson, Sue S Yom, Mekhail Anwar, Dilini Pinnaduwage, Atchar Sudhyadhom, Alexander R Gottschalk, Albert J Chang, Martina Descovich
Stereotactic body radiation therapy is a well-tolerated modality for the treatment of primary and metastatic liver lesions, and fiducials are often used as surrogates for tumor tracking during treatment. We evaluated respiratory-induced liver deformation by measuring the rigidity of the fiducial configuration during the breathing cycle. Seventeen patients, with 18 distinct treatment courses, were treated with stereotactic body radiosurgery using multiple fiducials. Liver deformation was empirically quantified by measuring the intrafiducial distances at different phases of respiration...
January 1, 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070747/enhanced-bulbar-function-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-the-nuedexta-treatment-trial
#8
Richard Smith, Erik Pioro, Kathleen Myers, Michael Sirdofsky, Kimberly Goslin, Gregg Meekins, Hong Yu, James Wymer, Merit Cudkowicz, Eric A Macklin, David Schoenfeld, Gary Pattee
The goal of this randomized, blinded, crossover clinical trial was to determine whether Nuedexta (dextromethorphan and quinidine) enhanced speech, swallowing, and salivation in patients with ALS. Sixty patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) received either Nuedexta or placebo for 28 to 30 days, followed by a 10 to 15-day washout period. Subsequently, patients were switched to the opposite treatment arm for the remaining days of the trial. The primary endpoint was a reduction in the self-report Center for Neurologic Study Bulbar Function Scale (CNS-BFS) score...
January 9, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070154/proposed-mechanisms-of-photobiomodulation-or-low-level-light-therapy
#9
Lucas Freitas de Freitas, Michael R Hamblin
Photobiomodulation (PBM) also known as low-level laser (or light) therapy (LLLT), has been known for almost 50 years but still has not gained widespread acceptance, largely due to uncertainty about the molecular, cellular, and tissular mechanisms of action. However, in recent years, much knowledge has been gained in this area, which will be summarized in this review. One of the most important chromophores is cytochrome c oxidase (unit IV in the mitochondrial respiratory chain), which contains both heme and copper centers and absorbs light into the near-infra-red region...
May 2016: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069087/active-surveillance-for-influenza-reduces-but-does-not-eliminate-hospital-exposure-to-patients-with-influenza
#10
Brenda L Coleman, Wil Ng, Vinaya Mahesh, Maja McGuire, Kazi Hassan, Karen Green, Shelly McNeil, Allison J McGeer, Kevin Katz
OBJECTIVE To describe the frequency, characteristics, and exposure associated with influenza in hospitalized patients in a Toronto hospital DESIGN/METHOD Prospective data collected for consenting patients with laboratory-confirmed influenza and a retrospective review of infection control charts for roommates of cases over 3 influenza seasons RESULTS Of the 661 patients with influenza (age range: 1 week-103 years), 557 were placed on additional precautions upon admission. Of 104 with symptoms detected after admission, 57 cases were community onset and 47 were nosocomial (10 nosocomial were part of outbreaks)...
January 10, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064293/epidemiological-and-clinical-features-of-enteroviral-acute-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-hospitalized-paediatric-patients-in-a-malaysian-tertiary-center
#11
J W Y Tan, R Nuryasmin, Y Apandi, V Nethiya, H Hussin, A L Zuraidah
BACKGROUND: Human enteroviruses (HEVs) have been recognized to cause a significant number of respiratory tract infections in many regions. Previous studies conducted to analyse enteroviral respiratory tract infections focused on outbreaks. Data in the Southeast Asian region is still rather limited to date. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a prospective analysis to understand the epidemiological characteristics of enteroviral lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) among paediatric patients admitted to Hospital Ampang, a tertiary hospital in Malaysia...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061000/prediction-of-neonatal-respiratory-distress-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-fetal-lung-masses
#12
Anna I Girsen, Susan R Hintz, Rami Sammour, Aasim Naqvi, Yasser Y El-Sayed, Katie Sherwin, Alexis S Davis, Valerie Y Chock, Richard A Barth, Erika Rubesova, Karl G Sylvester, Ritu Chitkara, Yair J Blumenfeld
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of fetal lung mass imaging for predicting neonatal respiratory distress. METHOD: Pregnancies with fetal lung masses between 2009 and 2014 at a single center were analyzed. Neonatal respiratory distress was defined as: Intubation and mechanical ventilation at birth, surgery before discharge, or ECMO. The predictive utility of the initial as well as maximal lung mass volume and congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) volume ratio (CVR) by US and MRI was analyzed...
January 6, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060921/does-an-integrated-care-intervention-for-copd-patients-have-long-term-effects-on-quality-of-life-and-patient-activation-a-prospective-open-controlled-single-center-intervention-study
#13
Elena Titova, Øyvind Salvesen, Signe Berit Bentsen, Synnøve Sunde, Sigurd Steinshamn, Anne Hildur Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Implementation of the COPD-Home integrated disease management (IDM) intervention at discharge after hospitalizations for acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) led to reduced hospital utilization during the following 24 months compared to the year prior to study start. AIMS: To analyze the impact of the COPD-Home IDM intervention on health related quality of life, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and the degree of patient activation during 24 months of follow-up and to assess the association between these outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060201/epidemiology-of-comorbid-conditions-among-adults-50-years-and-older-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Raj G Kumar, Shannon B Juengst, Zhensheng Wang, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Sureyya S Dikmen, Therese M OʼNeil-Pirozzi, Marie N Dahdah, Flora M Hammond, Elizabeth R Felix, Patricia M Arenth, Amy K Wagner
OBJECTIVES: Aging individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience multiple comorbidities that can affect recovery from injury. The objective of this study was to describe the most commonly co-occurring comorbid conditions among adults 50 years and older with TBI. SETTING: Level I Trauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: Adults 50 years and older with moderate/severe TBI enrolled in the TBI-Model Systems (TBI-MS) from 2007 to 2014 (n = 2134)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053516/psychometric-properties-of-the-anxiety-inventory-for-respiratory-disease-in-patients-with-copd-in-china
#15
Xiao-Yan Dong, Lan Wang, Yan-Xia Tao, Xiu-Li Suo, Yue-Chuan Li, Fang Liu, Yue Zhao, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a common comorbidity in patients with COPD in China, and it can significantly decrease patients' quality of life. Almost all anxiety measurements contain somatic items that can overlap with symptoms of COPD and side effects of medicines, which can lead to bias in measuring anxiety in patients with COPD. Therefore, a brief and disease-specific non-somatic anxiety measurement scale, the Anxiety Inventory for Respiratory Disease (AIR), which has been developed and validated in its English version, is needed for patients with COPD in China...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049997/self-assessment-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma-sacra-questionnaire-based-allergic-rhinitis-treatment-improves-asthma-control-in-asthmatic-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#16
Masanori Yasuo, Yoshiaki Kitaguchi, Yoshimichi Komatsu, Mineyuki Hama, Tomonobu Koizumi, Toshihiko Agatsuma, Takashi Ichiyama, Akane Kato, Hideaki Moteki, Masayuki Hanaoka
Objective This study was conducted to investigate whether the add-on treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) based on the Self-assessment of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma (SACRA) questionnaire for assessing AR control improves both AR and asthma control in asthmatic patients with AR. Methods This multi-center prospective study was performed in Nagano prefecture, Japan. Two hundred five asthmatic patients and 23 respiratory physicians participated in the study. We administered add-on AR treatments based on the results of the SACRA questionnaire...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049204/rapid-drug-desensitization-with-biologics-a-single-center-experience-with-four-biologics
#17
Sevim Bavbek, Reşat Kendirlinan, Pamir Çerçi, Seda Altıner, Şadan Soyyiğit, Zeynep Çelebi Sözener, Ömür Aydın, Reyhan Gümüşburun
BACKGROUND: Rapid drug desensitization (RDD) induces a temporary tolerance to biologics which induce hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs). Data are limited regarding the use of RDD outside the USA. Our purpose was to report our data on RDD to rituximab, infliximab, cetuximab, and trastuzumab. METHODS: The study was conducted as a retrospective chart review of patients with symptoms of HSRs to biologics. HSRs were classified as grades I, II, and III, based on their severity...
January 4, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048859/su-g-jep4-12-real-time-organ-motion-monitoring-using-ultrasound-and-kv-fluoroscopy-during-lung-sbrt-delivery
#18
E Omari, A Tai, D Cooper, M Lachaine, X Li
PURPOSE: Real-time ultrasound monitoring during SBRT is advantageous in understanding and identifying motion irregularities which may cause geometric misses. In this work, we propose to utilize real-time ultrasound to track the diaphragm in conjunction with periodical kV fluoroscopy to monitor motion of tumor or landmarks during SBRT delivery. METHODS: Transabdominal Ultrasound (TAUS) b-mode images were collected from 10 healthy volunteers using the Clarity Autoscan System (Elekta)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048800/su-f-t-112-long-term-follow-up-of-nsclc-patients-treated-with-lung-sbrt-using-the-modified-conformal-arc-mdca-planning-technique
#19
E Ku, A Desai, D Fang, C Lawrence, C Iannuzzi, C Shi
PURPOSE: To assess long-term toxicity and primary tumor changes for Stage I/II non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients after treatment with lung SBRT using the modified dynamic conformal arc (MDCA) planning technique. METHODS: Clinical and radiograph data from electronic health records of 15 NSCLC patients treated with lung SBRT utilizing the MDCA technique between October 2011 and July 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. MDCA uses a coplanar beam arrangement, patient body center for the beam isocenter, and six partial rotation conformal arcs to target the tumor...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048493/su-g-jep3-14-positioning-and-dosimetric-uncertainties-in-image-guided-radiation-therapy-with-respiratory-gating
#20
I Ali, S Hossain, O Algan, E Syzek, S Ahmad
PURPOSE: To investigate quantitatively positioning and dosimetric uncertainties due to 4D-CT intra-phase motion in the internal-target-volume (ITV) associated with radiation therapy using respiratory-gating for patients setup with image-guidance-radiation-therapy (IGRT) using free-breathing or average-phase CT-images. METHODS: A lung phantom with an embedded tissue-equivalent target is imaged with CT while it is stationary and moving. Four-sets of structures are outlined: (a) the actual target on CT-images of the stationary-target, (b) ITV on CT-images for the free-moving phantom, (c) ITV's from the ten different phases (10-100%) and (d) ITV on the CT-images generated from combining 3 phases: 40%-50%-60%...
June 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
68785
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"