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chronic subdural hemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658352/chronic-subdural-collection-overlying-an-intra-axial-hemorrhagic-lesion-in-chronic-myelomonocytic-leukemia-special-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Anne-Laure Bernat, Stefano Maria Priola, Ahmad Elsawy, Faisal Farrash, Shervin Taslimi, Fred Gentili
Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder characterized by the presence of an absolute monocytosis in the peripheral blood (>1 x 109 /L) and the presence of myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative features in the bone marrow. Involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is uncommon in CMML. Areas covered: Herein described is a case report of a CMML patient who presents with symptomatic chronic subdural collection overlying a haemorrhagic brain lesion, along with diffuse dural infiltration, after two cycles of azacytidine...
April 19, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541484/acute-on-chronic-subdural-hematoma-in-a-patient-taking-red-clover-herbal-supplement-a-case-report
#2
Samuel Hall, Eleanor Walshe, Claudia Ajayi, Kevin Boyle, Colin Griffith
Background: Herbal supplements are commonly used, however, their side-effect profiles are poorly understood and not subject to the same scrutiny as prescribed medications. Some herbal supplements such as St Johns' Wort are accepted to interfere with clotting pathways, however others, including Red Clover have theoretical bleeding risks based on coumarin content with very little underlying evidence. Case Description: This case reports a 65-year-old woman who suffered a spontaneous acute-on-chronic subdural hemorrhage with a significant postoperative re-hemorrhage...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529540/remote-acute-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-after-drainage-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Guangming Wang, Jinlu Yu
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subdural hematoma(CSDH) can be treated by a relatively simple burr hole surgery. Acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurring after surgery for CSDH has been reported as a rare but severe complication. CASE REPORT: An 88-year-old female complained of progressive headache and dizziness for one month. A right fronto-temporo-parietal CSDH with a shift in the midline structures and lateral ventricle compression was shown by computed tomography (CT) scans...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486314/growth-potential-of-subdural-hematomas-under-clinical-observation-which-subdural-hematomas-tend-to-grow-and-why-they-do
#4
Ziya Asan
OBJECTIVE: To study the prognoses of patients with subdural hematoma (SDH) who were not operated on at the time of the first diagnosis and the causes of enlarged hematomas in some patients during the follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records, service files, and radiologic examination results of the patients with diagnoses of SDH were reviewed. The SDH patients were recorded under 5 different categories: acute SDH (ASDH), subacute SDH (SSDH), chronic SDH (CSDH), acute component with chronic SDH (A-CSDH), and subacute component with chronic SDH (S-CSDH)...
May 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429778/hydrocephalus-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-national-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-124-444-hospitalized-patients
#5
Kavelin Rumalla, Vijay Letchuman, Kyle A Smith, Paul M Arnold
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a life-threatening sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with poorly defined epidemiology in children. Here, we report the national incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH). METHODS: The Kids Inpatient Database (2003, 2006, 2009, 2012) was queried using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes to identify all patients (age 0 to 20) with TBI (850...
March 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428263/evidence-based-diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Vikram Mehta, Stephen C Harward, Eric W Sankey, Gautam Nayar, Patrick J Codd
Chronic subdural hematomas are encapsulated blood collections within the dural border cells with characteristic outer "neomembranes". Affected patients are more often male and typically above the age of 70. Imaging shows crescentic layering of fluid in the subdural space on a non-contrast computed tomography (CT) scan, best appreciated on sagittal or coronal reformats. Initial medical management involves reversing anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapies, and often initiation of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs)...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328003/characterizing-the-type-and-location-of-intracranial-abnormalities-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Harri Isokuortti, Grant L Iverson, Noah D Silverberg, Anneli Kataja, Antti Brander, Juha Öhman, Teemu M Luoto
OBJECTIVE The incidence of intracranial abnormalities after mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) varies widely across studies. This study describes the characteristics of intracranial abnormalities (acute/preexisting) in a large representative sample of head-injured patients who underwent CT imaging in an emergency department. METHODS CT scans were systematically analyzed/coded in the TBI Common Data Elements framework. Logistic regression modeling was used to quantify risk factors for traumatic intracranial abnormalities in patients with mild TBIs...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290532/thrombolysis-alert-in-hassan-ii-university-teaching-hospital-of-fez-morocco-a-prospective-study-of-2-years
#8
Moussa Toudou Daouda, Siham Bouchal, Naima Chtaou, Aouatef Midaoui, Zouahyr Souirti, Faouzi Belahsen
BACKGROUND: Thrombolysis alert (TA) is a procedure triggered every time a patient consults for sudden focal neurological deficit within 4.5 hours. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine firstly the etiological profile of TA and secondly to evaluate the delays in the management not only of thrombolyzed patients but also of nonthrombolyzed patients to determine the intrahospital delays to optimize. METHODS: Patients aged over 18 years who consulted for sudden focal neurological deficit within 4...
April 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201851/postoperative-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-multipunctate-intracerebral-hemorrhages-following-evacuation-of-bilateral-chronic-subdural-hematomas
#9
Won-Bae Seung, Ju Ho Jeong
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) can be easily treated by burr hole surgery. However, several complications including intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and acute subdural hematoma are rare after evacuation of a CSDH. A 77-year-old man was admitted with right hemiparesis and dysarthria. A brain computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a bilateral CSDH with midline shifting toward the right side. The patient got the burr hole trephination with the catheters insertion in the both sides of parietal area under the local anesthesia...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201850/remote-hemorrhage-after-burr-hole-drainage-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma
#10
Chang Hyeun Kim, Geun Sung Song, Young Ha Kim, Young Soo Kim, Soon Ki Sung, Dong Wuk Son, Sang Weon Lee
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and symptomatic subdural hygroma are common diseases that require neurosurgical management. Burr hole trephination is the most popular surgical treatment for CSDH and subdural hygroma because of a low recurrence rate and low morbidity compared with craniotomy with membranectomy, and twist-drill craniotomy. Many reports suggest that placing a catheter in the subdural space for drainage can further reduce the rate of recurrence; however, complications associated with this type of drainage include acute subdural hematoma, cortical injury, and infection...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192373/flexible-endoscopically-assisted-evacuation-of-acute-and-subacute-subdural-hematoma-through-a-small-craniotomy-preliminary-results
#11
Toshinari Kawasaki, Yoshitaka Kurosaki, Hitoshi Fukuda, Masanori Kinosada, Ryota Ishibashi, Akira Handa, Masaki Chin, Sen Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The first choice to treat acute subdural hematoma (SDH) is a large craniotomy under general anesthesia. However, increasing age or comorbid burden of the patients may render invasive treatment strategy inappropriate. These medically frail patients with SDH may benefit from a combination of small craniotomy and endoscopic hematoma removal, which is less invasive and even available under local anesthesia. Although hematoma evacuation with a rigid endoscope for acute or subacute SDHs has been reported in the literature, use of a flexible endoscope may have distinct advantages...
February 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155345/the-relationship-between-hematoma-and-pachymeninges-in-an-interdural-hematoma-diagnosis-and-surgical-strategy
#12
Ko-Ting Chen, Hsu-Cheng Huang, Ya-Jui Lin, Ming-Houng Chen, Tsung-Che Hsieh
BACKGROUND: The exact location of a hematoma in relation to the pachymeninges contributes to typical radiographic presentations. However, because of the complexity of hematoma evolution and neomembrane formation, an unexpected intraoperative finding can lead to a change of surgical strategy. In addition, the concentration of hemoglobin and its degradation products, the integrity of red blood cells, and the infiltration of fibroblasts, polymorphonuclear neutrophils, and macrophages are factors that affect the imaging characteristics on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging as the hematoma ages...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114271/organized-chronic-subdural-hematomas-treated-by-large-craniotomy-with-extended-membranectomy-as-the-initial-treatment
#13
Mustafa Balevi
Objective: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy and incidence of complications of craniotomy and membranectomy in elderly patients for the treatment of organized chronic subdural hematoma (OCSH). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a series of 28 consecutive patients suffering from OCSH, diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computer tomography (CT) to establish the degree of organization and determine the intrahematomal architecture including inner membrane ossification...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107160/resumption-of-antithrombotic-agents-in-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Kevin Phan, David Abi-Hanna, Jack Kerferd, Victor M Lu, Adam A Dmytriw, Yam-Ting Ho, Jacob Fairhall, Rajesh Reddy, Peter Wilson
BACKGROUND: The clinical decision whether and when to resume antithrombotics in patients with chronic subdural hematomas (CSDH) postoperatively is limited by a lack of quality evidence exploring this topic. Our study aims to assess the available evidence of patient complication outcomes, specifically hemorrhagic and thromboembolic events, following the resumption or non-resumption of antithrombotic agents postoperatively in CSDH patients already on these agents before CSDH. METHODS: We followed recommended PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews...
January 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054780/safe-burr-hole-surgery-for-chronic-subdural-hematoma-using-dabigatran-with-idarucizumab
#15
Nobuhiko Arai, Yutaka Mine, Hiroshi Kagami, Michiyuki Maruyama, Atsushi Daikoh, Makoto Inaba
BACKGROUND: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a common intracranial hematoma. The number of patients who undergo anticoagulant therapy including a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) is expected to increase. Recently, idarucizumab, the antidote for dabigatran, which is a DOAC, has been developed. We successfully treated CSDH with dabigatran using emergency burr hole surgery and idarucizumab. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old Japanese man severely hit his head and visited the emergency department...
January 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976409/subdural-instillation-of-a-thrombolytic-agent-for-treatment-of-recurrent-subdural-hematoma
#16
Mark B Frenkel, Aarti Sarwal, Mary Petrulis Wren, Christopher R Newey, Daniel E Couture
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report the case of a patient with recurrent subdural hemorrhage (SDH) who was administered tissue plasminogen activator through a subdural drain to enhance drainage and prevent recurrence. METHODS: An 85-year-old man was treated for subacute over chronic SDH that kept on reaccumulating despite serial twist drill drainage, burr hole drainage, and craniotomy. No coagulopathy was identified with adequate blood pressure control. RESULTS: Treatment with tissue plasminogen activator resulted in successful drainage of the SDH, and the patient had no further recurrence at 9-month follow-up...
November 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939200/open-distal-fenestration-of-chronic-dissection-facilitates-endovascular-elephant-trunk-completion-late-outcomes
#17
Muhammad Aftab, Jay J Idrees, Frank Cikach, Jose L Navia, Donald Hammer, Eric E Roselli
BACKGROUND: Retrograde false lumen perfusion is a common mode of failure after stent grafting chronic aortic dissection. Open fenestration during the first-stage elephant trunk (ET) creates a landing zone for second-stage endovascular ET completion in patients with a false lumen aneurysm. Our objectives were to assess long-term safety and durability of this technique. METHODS: From 2007 to 2014, 56 patients with thoracoabdominal dissection and aneurysm underwent stage 1 ET and open fenestration...
December 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935547/chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-perspective-on-subdural-membranes-and-dementia
#18
REVIEW
Ronald Sahyouni, Khodayar Goshtasbi, Amin Mahmoodi, Diem Kieu Tran, Jefferson W Chen
OBJECTIVE: To review the complex pathogenesis of the subdural membrane and the link between head trauma, dementia, and dural lymphatics. METHODS: A thorough literature search of published English-language articles was performed using PubMed, Ovid, and Cochrane databases. RESULTS: Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is a common intracranial pathology and a leading cause of reversible dementia. cSDH is projected to affect at least 60,000 new individuals in the United States annually by 2030...
December 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882608/-intracranial-hemorrhage-and-oral-anticoagulants-of-patients-treated-between-2011-and-2013-at-the-nancy-regional-university-hospital
#19
A Leblanc, N Petitpain, O Pereira, H El Adssi, C Latarche, P Gillet, S Colnat-Coulbois
OBJECTIVE: To perform a descriptive analysis of intracranial hemorrhages of patients treated with an antivitamin K (fluindione, acenocoumarol or warfarin) or a direct oral anticoagulant (dabigatran, rivaroxaban or apixaban) at the Nancy Regional University Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study period was from January 2011 to December 2013 and the computerized data (Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information) of our hospital was accessed to identify the patients...
September 4, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818164/outcome-in-chronic-subdural-hematoma-after-subdural-vs-subgaleal-drain
#20
Asim Ishfaq
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome after surgery for chronic subdural hematoma when the drain is placed in subdural space or subgaleal space. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Combined Military Hospital, Lahore, from July 2015 to June 2016. METHODOLOGY: Patients with chronic subdural hematoma of both genders and age, ranging between 55 to 85 years, were included. Patients on antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy and acute on chronic subdural hematoma were excluded...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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