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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437917/vector-radiative-transfer-model-for-coupled-atmosphere-and-ocean-systems-including-inelastic-sources-in-ocean-waters
#1
Peng-Wang Zhai, Yongxiang Hu, David M Winker, Bryan A Franz, Jeremy Werdell, Emmanuel Boss
Inelastic scattering plays an important role in ocean optics. The main inelastic scattering mechanisms include Raman scattering, fluorescence by colored dissolved organic matter (FDOM), and fluorescence by chlorophyll. This paper reports an implementation of all three inelastic scattering mechanisms in the exact vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean Systems (CAOS). Simulation shows that FDOM contributes to the water radiation field in the broad visible spectral region, while chlorophyll fluorescence is limited in a narrow band centered at 685 nm...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437744/fe-%C3%A2-ions-enhanced-catalytic-properties-of-bio-2co3-nanowires-and-mechanism-study-for-complete-degradation-of-xanthate
#2
Yujiao Guo, Kuixin Cui, Mingyi Hu, Shengming Jin
The wire-like Fe(3+)-doped (BiO)2CO3 photocatalyst was synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The photocatalytic property of Fe(3+)-doped (BiO)2CO3 nanowires was evaluated through degradation of sodium isopropyl xanthate under UV-visible light irradiation. The as-prepared Fe(3+)-doped (BiO)2CO3 nanowires were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) in detail...
April 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437362/sonotubometric-assessment-for-severity-of-patulous-eustachian-tube
#3
Iori Takata, Ryoukichi Ikeda, Tetsuaki Kawase, Yoko Suzuki, Takeshi Sato, Yukio Katori, Toshimitsu Kobayashi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the morphological patency of the eustachian tube (ET) and sound transmission via the ET. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review and model experiment. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. SUBJECTS: A total of 56 ears of 28 patients (9 men and 19 women, aged from 12 to 82 yr, mean 40.4 ± 21.5 yr) who underwent sonotubometric measurement using postural change as well as computed tomography (CT) of the ET in the sitting position, including 26 ears with definite patulous ET, 9 ears with possible patulous ET, and 21 ears without patulous ET...
April 21, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437252/valley-filtering-in-graphene-due-to-substrate-induced-mass-potential
#4
D R da Costa, A Chaves, G A Farias, F M Peeters
The interaction of monolayer graphene with specific substrates may break its sublattice symmetry and results in unidirectional chiral states with opposite group velocities in the different Dirac cones (Zarenia et al 2012 Phys. Rev. B 86 085451). Taking advantage of this feature, we propose a valley filter based on a transversal mass kink for low energy electrons in graphene, which is obtained by assuming a defect region in the substrate that provides a change in the sign of the substrate-induced mass and thus creates a non-biased channel, perpendicular to the kink, for electron motion...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437099/surfactant-1-hexadecyl-3-methylimidazolium-chloride-can-convert-one-dimensional-viologen-bromoplumbate-into-zero-dimensional
#5
Guangfeng Liu, Jie Liu, Lina Nie, Rui Ban, Gerasimos S Armatas, Xutang Tao, Qichun Zhang
A zero-dimensional N,N'-dibutyl-4,4'-dipyridinium bromoplumbate, [BV]6[Pb9Br30], with unusual discrete [Pb9Br30](12-) anionic clusters was prepared via a facile surfactant-mediated solvothermal process. This bromoplumbate exhibits a narrower optical band gap relative to the congeneric one-dimensional viologen bromoplumbates.
April 24, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433025/a-combined-theoretical-and-experimental-study-of-phenol-acetylene-n-n-%C3%A2-7-clusters
#6
Gurmeet Singh, Apurba Nandi, Shridhar R Gadre, Takashi Chiba, Asuka Fujii
Structures and vibrational spectra of phenol-(acetylene)n (Ph(Ac)n) clusters are studied by a combination of theoretical calculations and infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The molecular electrostatic potential features are utilized for generating trial geometries of the medium-sized Ph(Ac)n (n = 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7) clusters. These initial geometries are subjected to geometry optimization within the second-order Møller-Plesset (MP2) theory, employing correlation consistent aug-cc-pVDZ (aVDZ) basis set. Minimal nature of the reported structures is confirmed by doing vibrational frequency run at MP2/aVDZ level of theory using full calculations for n = 1 and 2 and employing grafting based molecular tailoring approach for the n = 4, 6, and 7...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432477/usefulness-of-non-magnifying-narrow-band-imaging-in-evis-exera-iii-video-systems-and-high-definition-endoscopes-to-diagnose-dysplasia-in-barrett-s-esophagus-using-the-barrett-international-nbi-group-bing-classification
#7
Oscar Nogales, Arancha Caballero-Marcos, Ana Clemente-Sánchez, Javier García-Lledó, Leticia Pérez-Carazo, Beatriz Merino, Carlos Carbonell, María López-Ibáñez, Cecilia González-Asanza
BACKGROUND: Narrow band imaging (NBI) allows identification of abnormal areas of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and could facilitate targeted biopsies. AIMS: We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy for dysplasia prediction using non-magnifying NBI in Evis Exera III processors and high-definition endoscopes using the Barrett International NBI Group (BING) classification, as well as inter/intraobserver agreement for dysplasia prediction and mucosal/vascular patterns. METHODS: Eight observers (4 staff endoscopists and 4 trainee endoscopists) evaluated 100 images selected from an anonymized bank of 470 photographs using the BING classification...
April 21, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431308/hyperexcitability-of-inferior-colliculus-and-acoustic-startle-reflex-with-age-related-hearing-loss
#8
Binbin Xiong, Ana'am Alkharabsheh, Senthilvelan Manohar, Guang-Di Chen, Ning Yu, Xiaoming Zhao, Richard Salvi, Wei Sun
Chronic tinnitus and hyperacusis often develop with age-related hearing loss presumably due to aberrant neural activity in the central auditory system (CAS) induced by cochlear pathologies. However, the full spectrum of physiological changes that occur in the CAS as a result age-related hearing loss are still poorly understood. To address this issue, neurophysiological measures were obtained from the cochlea and the inferior colliculus (IC) of 2, 6 and 12 month old C57BL/6J mice, a mouse model for early age-related hearing loss...
March 27, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430526/the-bow-tie-shape-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-as-visualized-by-high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Kang Min Sohn, Min Jin Lee, Helen Hong, Young Cheol Yoon, Chan Deok Park, Joon Ho Wang
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have examined the anatomic characteristics of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), its actual shape remains unclear. PURPOSE: To determine the average shape of the ACL by analyzing its cross section through the use of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: The study included 96 MRIs, conducted using a 3.0-T magnet, to analyze the shape of the ACL...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430499/bc8-silicon-si-iii-is-a-narrow-gap-semiconductor
#10
Haidong Zhang, Hanyu Liu, Kaya Wei, Oleksandr O Kurakevych, Yann Le Godec, Zhenxian Liu, Joshua Martin, Michael Guerrette, George S Nolas, Timothy A Strobel
Large-volume, phase-pure synthesis of BC8 silicon (Ia3[over ¯], cI16) has enabled bulk measurements of optical, electronic, and thermal properties. Unlike previous reports that conclude BC8-Si is semimetallic, we demonstrate that this phase is a direct band gap semiconductor with a very small energy gap and moderate carrier concentration and mobility at room temperature, based on far- and midinfrared optical spectroscopy, temperature-dependent electrical conductivity, Seebeck and heat capacity measurements...
April 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430435/cu-in-halide-perovskite-cihp-solar-absorbers
#11
Xin-Gang Zhao, Dongwen Yang, Yuanhui Sun, Tianshu Li, Lijun Zhang, Liping Yu, Alex Zunger
The long-term chemical instability and the presence of toxic Pb in otherwise stellar solar absorber APbX3 made of organic molecules on the A site and halogens for X have hindered their large-scale commercialization. Previously explored ways to achieve Pb-free halide perovskites involved replacing Pb(2+) with other similar M(2+) cations in ns(2) electron configuration, e.g., Sn(2+) or by Bi(3+) (plus Ag(+)), but unfortunately this showed either poor stability (M = Sn) or weakly absorbing oversized indirect gaps (M = Bi), prompting concerns that perhaps stability and good optoelectronic properties might be contraindicated...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430270/atomistic-non-adiabatic-dynamics-of-the-lh2-complex-with-a-gpu-accelerated-ab-initio-exciton-model
#12
Aaron Sisto, Clem Stross, Marc W van der Kamp, Michael O'Connor, Simon McIntosh-Smith, Graham T Johnson, Edward G Hohenstein, Fred R Manby, David R Glowacki, Todd J Martinez
We recently outlined an efficient multi-tiered parallel ab initio excitonic framework that utilizes time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) to calculate ground and excited state energies and gradients of large supramolecular complexes in atomistic detail - enabling us to undertake non-adiabatic simulations which explicitly account for the coupled anharmonic vibrational motion of all the constituent atoms in a supramolecular system. Here we apply that framework to the 27 coupled bacterio-chlorophyll-a chromophores which make up the LH2 complex, using it to compute an on-the-fly nonadiabatic surface-hopping (SH) trajectory of electronically excited LH2...
April 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429736/single-step-one-pot-synthesis-of-tio2-nanosheets-doped-with-sulfur-on-reduced-graphene-oxide-with-enhanced-photocatalytic-activity
#13
Weilin Wang, Zhaofeng Wang, Jingjing Liu, Zhu Luo, Steven L Suib, Peng He, Guqiao Ding, Zhengguo Zhang, Luyi Sun
A hybrid photocatalyst based on anatase TiO2 was designed by doping TiO2 with sulfur and incorporating reduced graphene oxide (TiO2-S/rGO hybrid), with an aim to narrow the band gap to potentially make use of visible light and decrease the recombination of excitons, respectively. This TiO2-S/rGO hybrid was successfully synthesized using a one-pot hydrothermal method via single-step reaction. The structure and morphology of the TiO2-S/rGO hybrid catalyst was carefully characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429005/carborane-based-polymers-a-novel-class-of-semiconductors-with-tunable-properties
#14
B Dong, A Oyelade, J A Kelber
Semiconducting boron carbides based on cross-linked carborane (B10C2H12) icosahedra, developed several decades ago, are of significant interest in a variety of emerging areas, including photocatalysis, spintronics, and especially neutron detection. These materials, however, display generally poor charge carrier mobility, high defect levels and other properties that pose significant drawbacks. A class of nanocomposite carborane-based materials has recently been developed, that addresses many of these issues...
April 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425557/dual-spectra-band-emissive-eu-2-mn-2-co-activated-alkaline-earth-phosphates-for-indoor-plant-growth-novel-phosphor-converted-leds
#15
Young Jun Yun, Jin Kyu Kim, Ji Young Ju, Seul Ki Choi, Woon Ik Park, Jae Yong Suh, Ha-Kyun Jung, Yongseon Kim, Sungho Choi
This paper reports designing a novel single composition blue/red color illuminating phosphor followed by fabricating "smart" agricultural/horticultural LED lighting. Color-tunable Eu(2+)/Mn(2+) co-activated alkaline earth phosphates, Na(Sr,Ba)PO4 and Ca3Mg3(PO4)4, are considered, and the stable doping sites for the corresponding activators are identified by using first-principle DFT calculations. We can realize the designated color purity with stable thermal quenching preserved luminescence behavior is induced by the Eu(2+) center positioned at different coordination states with intermixed Sr(2+)/Ba(2+) sites in Na(Sr,Ba)PO4 hosts...
April 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424473/highly-gate-tuneable-rashba-spin-orbit-interaction-in-a-gate-all-around-inas-nanowire-metal-oxide-semiconductor-field-effect-transistor
#16
K Takase, Y Ashikawa, G Zhang, K Tateno, S Sasaki
III-V semiconductors have been intensively studied with the goal of realizing metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) with high mobility, a high on-off ratio, and low power consumption as next-generation transistors designed to replace current Si technology. Of these semiconductors, a narrow band-gap semiconductor InAs has strong Rashba spin-orbit interaction, thus making it advantageous in terms of both high field-effect transistor (FET) performance and efficient spin control. Here we report a high-performance InAs nanowire MOSFET with a gate-all-around (GAA) structure, where we simultaneously control the spin precession using the Rashba interaction...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424191/the-d-lemma-narrow-band-uv-type-b-radiation-versus-vitamin-d-supplementation-versus-sunlight-for-cardiovascular-and-immune-health
#17
Michael F Holick, Arash Hossein-Nezhad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422411/optical-properties-of-eu-2-eu-3-mixed-valence-phosphor-ca2-sio2-f2-eu-2-eu-3
#18
Mubiao Xie, Guoxian Zhu, Rongkai Pan, Wei Xie
The Eu(2+) /Eu(3+) mixed valence phosphor Ca2 SiO2 F2 :Eu(2+) /Eu(3+) was prepared using a solid-state reaction synthesis method in a CO atmosphere, and the optical properties were investigated. The spectroscopic properties revealed that Ca(2+) ions were occupied by both Eu(2+) and Eu(3+) ions in Ca2 SiO2 F2 , and both ions were able to generate their characteristic emissions. A broad 5d → 4f Eu(2+) band at ~470 nm and narrow 4f → 4f Eu(3+) peaks upon excitation with n-UV light were observed. The ratio between Eu(2+) and Eu(3+) emissions changed regularly, and the relative intensity of the red component from Eu(3+) became systematically stronger with increasing overall Eu content...
April 19, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419557/usefulness-of-the-valsalva-maneuver-without-a-mouthpiece-to-observe-the-hypopharynx-using-transoral-endoscopy
#19
Yasushi Yamasaki, Ryu Ishihara, Kenta Hamada
Transoral endoscopy with narrow band imaging is useful for early detection of pharyngeal cancer.(1) The postcricoid area and the posterior wall of the hypopharynx, however, are still difficult to observe because they're anatomically closed.(2) Although the Valsalva maneuver with transnasal endoscopy has been reportedly useful for opening the closed area,(3) it is difficult with transoral endoscopy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 17, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412810/ultraviolet-light-makes-dgmp-floppy-femtosecond-stimulated-raman-spectroscopy-of-2-deoxyguanosine-5-monophosphate
#20
Joohyun Lee, J Reddy Challa, David W McCamant
The ultrafast dynamics of 2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate (dGMP) after excitation with ultraviolet light has been studied with femtosecond transient absorption (TA) and femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy (FSRS). TA kinetics and transient anisotropy spectra reveal a rapid relaxation from the Franck-Condon region, producing an extremely red-shifted stimulated emission band at ~440-nm that is formed after 200 fs and subsequent relaxation 0.8-1.5 ps, consistent with prior studies. Viscosity dependence shows that the initial relaxation, prior to 0...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
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