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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167513/band-gap-engineering-of-in-ga-n-gan-short-period-superlattices
#1
I Gorczyca, T Suski, P Strak, G Staszczak, N E Christensen
Discussion of band gap behavior based on first principles calculations of the electronic band structures for several InN/GaN superlattices (SLs) (free-standing and pseudomorphic) grown along different directions (polar and nonpolar) is presented. Taking into account the dependence on internal strain and lattice geometry mainly two factors influence the dependence of the band gap, E g on the layer thickness: the internal electric field and the hyb wells) is more important. We also consider mIn ridization of well and barrier wave functions...
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158935/synchronous-hpv-related-cancer-of-bilateral-tonsils-detected-using-transoral-endoscopic-examination-with-narrow-band-imaging
#2
Fukuko Shimizu, Kenji Okami, Koji Ebisumoto, Daisuke Maki, Akihiro Sakai, Go Ogura, Naoya Nakamura, Masahiro Iida
Background: The incidence of human papillomavirus- (HPV-) related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has been rapidly increasing worldwide. HPV is reported in approximately 50% cases of OPSCC in Japan. However, there are few reports of synchronous bilateral HPV-positive tonsillar carcinoma, and, in almost all those cases, carcinoma was detected using positron emission tomography/computed tomography and/or bilateral tonsillectomy. Methods and Results: We report the case of a 63-year-old male with bilateral tonsillar carcinoma detected using transoral endoscopic examination with narrow-band imaging (NBI)...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155417/growth-of-rutile-tio2-nanorods-in-ti-and-cu-ion-sequentially-implanted-sio2-and-the-involved-mechanisms
#3
Xiaoyu Mu, Xiaoyu Liu, Xiaohu Wang, Hai Tao Dai, Changlong Liu
TiO2 in nanoscale exhibits unique physicochemical and optoelectronic properties and has attracted much more interest of the researchers. In this work, TiO2 nanostructures are synthesized in amorphous SiO2 slices by implanting Ti ions, or sequentially implanting Ti and Cu ions combined with annealing at high temperature. The morphology, structure, spatial distribution and optical properties of the formed nanostructures have been investigated in detail. Our results clearly show that the thermal growth of TiO2 nanostructures in SiO2 substrate is significantly enhanced by presence of post Cu ion implantation, which depends strongly on the applied Cu ion fluence, as well as the annealing atmosphere...
November 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150968/effects-of-blue-light-on-inflammation-and-skin-barrier-recovery-following-acute-perturbation-pilot-study-results-in-healthy-human-subjects
#4
Denise Falcone, Natallia E Uzunbajakava, Frank van Abeelen, Gerrit Oversluizen, Malou Peppelman, Piet E J van Erp, Peter C M van de Kerkhof
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While growing evidence supports the therapeutic effect of 453 nm blue light in chronic inflammatory skin diseases, data on its effects on acutely-perturbed human skin are scarce. In this study we investigated the impact of 453 nm narrow-band LED light on healthy skin following acute perturbation. METHODS: Tape stripping and histamine iontophoresis were performed on the forearm of 22 healthy volunteers on two consecutive weeks. In one week, challenges were followed by irradiation for 30 minutes...
November 18, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150027/tailored-resections-in-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-using-narrow-band-imaging
#5
Giancarlo Tirelli, Marco Piovesana, Alberto Vito Marcuzzo, Annalisa Gatto, Matteo Biasotto, Rossana Bussani, Lorenzo Zandonà, Fabiola Giudici, Francesca Boscolo Nata
PURPOSE: In a previous pilot study we observed that intra-operative narrow-band imaging (NBI) helps achieve clear superficial resection margins. The aim of this study was to verify if the use of intra-operative NBI can help to obtain tailored resections and if it is influenced by the lesion site, aspects not investigated in our previous study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The resection margins of 39 oral and 22 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas were first set at 1...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148570/robust-optimization-in-impt-using-quadratic-objective-functions-to-account-for-the-minimum-mu-constraint
#6
Jie Shan, Yu An, Martin Bues, Steven E Schild, Wei Liu
PURPOSE: Currently, in clinical practice of intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT), the influence of the minimum monitor unit (MU) constraint is taken into account through post-processing after the optimization is completed. This may degrade the plan quality and plan robustness. This study aims to mitigate the impact of the minimum MU constraint directly during the plan robust optimization. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cao et al. have demonstrated a two-stage method to account for the minimum MU constraint using linear programming without the impact of uncertainties considered...
November 17, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147023/nitrogen-related-intermediate-band-in-p-rich-ganxpyas1-x-y-alloys
#7
K Zelazna, M Gladysiewicz, M P Polak, S Almosni, A Létoublon, C Cornet, O Durand, W Walukiewicz, R Kudrawiec
The electronic band structure of phosphorus-rich GaNxPyAs1-x-y alloys (x ~ 0.025 and y ≥ 0.6) is studied experimentally using optical absorption, photomodulated transmission, contactless electroreflectance, and photoluminescence. It is shown that incorporation of a few percent of N atoms has a drastic effect on the electronic structure of the alloys. The change of the electronic band structure is very well described by the band anticrossing (BAC) model in which localized nitrogen states interact with the extended states of the conduction band of GaAsP host...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141288/-application-of-stroboscopy-and-narrow-band-imaging-endoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-vocal-cord-leukoplakia
#8
J Li, W Xu, L Y Cheng
Objective: To investigate the value of stroboscopy and narrow band imaging (NBI)endoscopy in the diagnosis of vocal cord leukoplakia. Methods: Two hundred and forty-six patients with vocal cord leukoplakia who underwent laryngeal microsurgery and diagnosed by histopathology were recruited between August 2014 and July 2016 in this retrospective study. The diagnostic accuracy of stroboscopy and narrow band imaging endoscopy in the diagnosis of vocal cord leukoplakia was compared. SPSS21.0 software was used to analyze the data...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140308/synergistic-effect-of-fluorinated-and-n-doped-tio%C3%A2-nanoparticles-leading-to-different-microstructure-and-enhanced-photocatalytic-bacterial-inactivation
#9
Irena Milosevic, Amarnath Jayaprakash, Brigitte Greenwood, Birgit van Driel, Sami Rtimi, Paul Bowen
This work focuses on the development of a facile and scalable wet milling method followed by heat treatment to prepare fluorinated and/or N-doped TiO₂ nanopowders with improved photocatalytic properties under visible light. The structural and electronic properties of doped particles were investigated by various techniques. The successful doping of TiO₂ was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the atoms appeared to be mainly located in interstitial positions for N whereas the fluorination is located at the TiO₂ surface...
November 15, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138887/-developments-in-dysphagia-diagnostics-presentation-of-an-interdisciplinary-concept
#10
REVIEW
C Pflug, T Flügel, J C Nienstedt
Demographic developments and medical progress will cause the already high prevalence of swallowing disorders to increase further in the future. With the same number of specialists and economic resources, it is necessary to improve the efficiency of dysphagia diagnostics and continue to offer patients a treatment concept tailored to their needs. Manifold and often co-existing causes of dysphagia require interdisciplinary cooperation in this area. Endoscopic swallowing diagnostics play a prominent role in dysphagia diagnostics and should always contain thorough endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract-the domain of the ENT specialist and phoniatrician...
November 14, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136106/cell-type-specific-burst-firing-interacts-with-theta-and-beta-activity-in-prefrontal-cortex-during-attention-states
#11
B Voloh, T Womelsdorf
Population-level theta and beta band activity in anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortices (ACC/PFC) are prominent signatures of self-controlled, adaptive behaviors. But how these rhythmic activities are linked to cell-type specific activity has remained unclear. Here, we suggest such a cell-to-systems level linkage. We found that the rate of burst spiking events is enhanced particularly during attention states and that attention-specific burst spikes have a unique temporal relationship to local theta and beta band population-level activities...
November 9, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135863/effectiveness-in-rehabilitation-of-current-wireless-cros-technology-in-experienced-bone-anchored-implant-users
#12
Hillary A Snapp, Michael E Hoffer, Xuezhong Liu, Suhrud M Rajguru
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of current contralateral routing of signal technology (CROS) to bone-anchored implants in experienced bone-anchored implant users with unilateral severe-profound sensorineural hearing loss. DESIGN: Prospective, within-subject repeated-measures comparison study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Adult, English-speaking patients (n = 12) with severe-profound unilateral sensorineural hearing loss implanted with a bone-anchored implant for the indication of single-sided deafness...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133931/design-of-dual-band-cold-mirrors
#13
Xiaodong Wang, Bo Chen
Dual-band cold mirrors are designed based on third-order of 121.6 nm multilayers, and they are only composed of LaF3 and MgF2. The designed mirrors have a high reflectance at 121.6 nm and 280 nm, and a low reflectance in visible waveband; they also have a narrow bandwidth of 4 nm at 121.6 nm, and low sidelobe ripples of two stopbands. A broadband antireflection coating and an asymmetrically Gaussian-apodization of thickness-modulated design method are proposed to eliminate sidelobe ripples of the reflection zone...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132614/early-childhood-linear-growth-faltering-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-as-a-whole-population-condition-analysis-of-179-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-64-countries-1993-2015
#14
Daniel E Roth, Aditi Krishna, Michael Leung, Joy Shi, Diego G Bassani, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: The causes of early childhood linear growth faltering (known as stunting) in low-income and middle-income countries remain inadequately understood. We aimed to determine if the progressive postnatal decline in mean height-for-age Z score (HAZ) in low-income and middle-income countries is driven by relatively slow growth of certain high-risk children versus faltering of the entire population. METHODS: Distributions of HAZ (based on WHO growth standards) were analysed in 3-month age intervals from 0 to 36 months of age in 179 Demographic and Health Surveys from 64 low-income and middle-income countries (1993-2015)...
December 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131201/watt-level-tunable-1-5%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-narrow-linewidth-fiber-ring-laser-based-on-a-temperature-tuning-%C3%AF-phase-shifted-fiber-bragg-grating
#15
Junjie Sun, Zefeng Wang, Meng Wang, Zhiyue Zhou, Ni Tang, Jinbao Chen, Xijia Gu
A watt-level tunable 1.5 μm narrow linewidth fiber ring laser using a temperature tuning π-phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating (π-PSFBG) is demonstrated here, to the best of our knowledge, for the first time. The π-PSFBG is employed as both a narrow band filter and a wavelength tuning component, and its central wavelength is thermally tuned by a thermo-electric cooler. The maximum laser power is about 1.1 W with a linewidth of ∼318  MHz (∼2.57  pm) and a power fluctuation of less than 3%. The wavelength tuning range of the laser is about 1...
November 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128751/a-new-silver-metaniobate-semiconductor-of-ag0-5la0-5nb2o6-with-defect-perovskite-structure
#16
Longqing Mi, Yongyi Feng, Lei Cao, Mingqiang Xue, Yanlin Huang, Lin Qin, Hyo Jin Seo
Silver-containing lanthanum metaniobate Ag0.5La0.5Nb2O6 nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel polymerized complex method. A typical defect-perovskite structure was confirmed by XRD Rietveld refinements. The surface characteristics of the sample were tested by SEM, TEM and EDS measurements. SEM and TEM show that the sample presents ball-like particles with the diameters of 100nm to 400nm. The sample shows both self-activated luminescence and photocatalytic activities. Ag0.5La0.5Nb2O6 has a direct transition with band energy of 2...
November 3, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127481/expression-of-janus-kinase-1-in-vitiligo-psoriasis-before-and-after-narrow-band-uvb-a-case-control-study
#17
Hanan Rabea Nada, Dina Ahmed El Sharkawy, Maha Fathy Elmasry, Laila Ahmed Rashed, Sally Mamdouh
Janus kinases (JAKs) are non-receptor protein tyrosine kinases that are expressed in many tissues. Once the JAKs are activated, a cascade of further signaling events is triggered involving phosphorylation of selected receptor chain tyrosines, binding of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins and phosphorylation of these STATs. Due to their ability to selectively modulate immune function, targeted JAK inhibitors are promising candidates for some skin diseases such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125614/bubble-propagation-on-a-rail-a-concept-for-sorting-bubbles-by-size
#18
Andrés Franco-Gómez, Alice B Thompson, Andrew L Hazel, Anne Juel
We demonstrate experimentally that the introduction of a rail, a small height constriction, within the cross-section of a rectangular channel could be used as a robust passive sorting device in two-phase fluid flows. Single air bubbles carried within silicone oil are generally transported on one side of the rail. However, for flow rates marginally larger than a critical value, a narrow band of bubble sizes can propagate (stably) over the rail, while bubbles of other sizes segregate to the side of the rail. The width of this band of bubble sizes increases with flow rate and the size of the most stable bubble can be tuned by varying the rail width...
November 10, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124712/safety-and-efficacy-of-phototherapy-in-the-management-of-eczema
#19
Annalisa Patrizi, Beatrice Raone, Giulia Maria Ravaioli
Atopic Dermatitis (AD), a common skin disease, can occur in patients of all age, gender and ethnicity. It is an inflammatory affection, characterized by chronic and highly debilitating behavior. First-line interventions against AD include environmental measures and topical emollients, corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors. When these measures are not sufficient, phototherapy represents an efficient second-line option of treatment; it can be administered on its own, or in the most severe cases combined with systemic medicaments such as corticosteroids...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124691/polymorphous-light-eruption
#20
Marcella Guarrera
Polymorphous light eruption (PLE) is the commonest immuno-mediated photodermatosis. It occurs after solar or artificial UV-light exposure and affects only the sun-exposed areas with preference of the V-area of the chest, of arms and forearms, legs, upper part of the back, and rarely the face. The lesions are itching or burning, and vary morphologically from erythema to papules, vesico-papules and occasionally blisters, plaques, sometimes erythema multiforme-like, insect bite-like wheals and purpura. The clinical manifestations befall within a few hours to days from light exposure, last a few days, and subside in about a week without sequelae...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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