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Flavio Esposito, Rajeev Ranjan, Stefania Campopiano, Agostino Iadicicco
In this work, we report about our recent results concerning the fabrication of Long Period Grating (LPG) sensors in several optical fibers, through the Electric Arc Discharge (EAD) technique. In particular, the following silica fibers with both different dopants and geometrical structures are considered: standard Ge-doped, photosensitive B/Ge codoped, P-doped, pure-silica core with F-doped cladding, Panda type Polarization-maintaining, and Hollow core Photonic crystal fiber. An adaptive platform was developed and the appropriate "recipe" was identified for each fiber, in terms of both arc discharge parameters and setup arrangement, for manufacturing LPGs with strong and narrow attenuation bands, low insertion losses, and short length...
March 20, 2018: Sensors
Keisuke Kawasaki, Yasuko Fujita, Noriyuki Uesugi, Tamotsu Sugai, Takayuki Matsumoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Xiu-Xiu Zhang, Yi-Zhen Song, Fang Fang, Zhi-Yong Wu
On-site rapid monitoring of nitrite as an assessment indicator of the environment, food, and physiological systems has drawn extensive attention. Here, electrokinetic stacking (ES) was combined with colorimetric reaction on a paper-based device (PAD) to achieve colorless nitrite detection with smartphone. In this paper, nitrite was stacked on the paper fluidic channel as a narrow band by electrokinetic stacking. Then, Griess reagent was introduced to visualize the stacking band. Under optimal conditions, the sensitivity of nitrite was 160-fold increased within 5 min...
March 19, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Chenzhou Wu, John Gleysteen, Nutte Tarn Teraphongphom, Yi Li, Eben Rosenthal
Head and neck cancers become a severe threat to human's health nowadays and represent the sixth most common cancer worldwide. Surgery remains the first-line choice for head and neck cancer patients. Limited resectable tissue mass and complicated anatomy structures in the head and neck region put the surgeons in a dilemma between the extensive resection and a better quality of life for the patients. Early diagnosis and treatment of the pre-malignancies, as well as real-time in vivo detection of surgical margins during en bloc resection, could be leveraged to minimize the resection of normal tissues...
March 18, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Jiaojiao Jiang, Zipeng Xing, Meng Li, Zhenzi Li, Junwei Yin, Junyan Kuang, Jinlong Zou, Qi Zhu, Wei Zhou
Plasmon Ag decorated 3D urchinlike N-TiO2-x photocatalysts are successfully synthesized by a facile hydrothermal treatment (180 °C) and combined with a photo-deposition approach, followed by a reduction treatment. The results show that the resultant Ag/N-TiO2-x sample possesses a three-dimensional (3D) urchinlike nanostructure with high crystallinity of anatase. Meanwhile, it exhibits the narrow optical band gap (Eg ∼ 2.61 eV) and the excellent visible-light-driven photocatalytic performance. Moreover, the hydrogen generation rate and photocatalytic degradation rate of phenol are up to 186...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Meysam Makaremi, Sean Grixti, Keith T Butler, Geoffrey A Ozin, Chandra Veer Singh
Since hydrogen fuel involves the highest energy density among all fuels, production of this gas through the solar water splitting approach has been suggested as a green remedy for greenhouse environmental issues due to extensive consumption of fossil fuels. Low-dimensional materials possessing a large surface-to-volume ratio can be a promising candidate to be used for the photocatalytic approach. Here, we used extensive first-principles calculations to investigate the application of newly fabricated members of two-dimensional carbon nitrides including tg-C3 N4 , hg-C3 N4 , C2 N, and C3 N for water splitting...
March 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Larisa G Poddubnaya, Willy Hemmingsen, Magdaléna Bruñanská, David I Gibson
This investigation of Calicotyle affinis is the first ultrastructural description of the male reproductive system of a monocotylid monogenean. It has revealed numerous characteristics which are either new or clarify those determined from previous light microscopical observations on the morphology of Calicotyle spp. These include numerous individual testes, each surrounded by its own basal lamina; an ejaculatory bulb delimited by a basal lamina surrounded by two independent internal and external bands of muscles; a bipartite, but not fully divided, muscular chamber (an internal seminal vesicle) in the proximal region of the ejaculatory bulb; well-developed unicellular prostatic glands localised outside the ejaculatory bulb, the cytoplasmic extensions of which pass into the ejaculatory bulb, to form the ducts which open into the lumen of ejaculatory duct; and a male copulatory organ in the form of a coiled penis tube containing throughout its lumen a long, hollow stylet...
March 18, 2018: Parasitology Research
Hanna Klimza, Joanna Jackowska, Cesare Piazza, Jacek Banaszewski, Malgorzata Wierzbicka
INTRODUCTION: Trans-oral laser microsurgery is an established technique for the treatment of early and moderately advanced laryngeal cancer. OBJECTIVE: The authors intend to test the usefulness of narrow-band imaging in the intraoperative assessment of the larynx mucosa in terms of specifying surgical margins. METHODS: Forty-four consecutive T1-T2 glottic cancers treated with trans-oral laser microsurgery Type I-VI cordectomy were presented...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Takeshi Konuma, Syunsuke Sakamoto, Syuhei Toba, Ayano Futsuki, Naoki Yamamoto, Shinji Kanemitsu, Hideto Shimpo
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative left pulmonary artery (PA) or bronchus compression occasionally follows narrowing of the retroaortic space after the Norwood procedure. We examined hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS)-specific anatomical malformations and hypothesized that a long main pulmonary arterial trunk might contribute to a larger retroaortic space. In this study, we introduced a modified Norwood procedure [pulmonary artery trunk-saving method (PATS)] and evaluated the results. METHODS: HLHS-specific anatomical malformations were examined using computed tomographic data from 23 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral pulmonary banding...
March 12, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Luyan Tang, Wenyu Wu, Wenwen Fu, Yao Hu
Phototherapy is widely used in the treatment of vitiligo. Previous studies have focused on the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on melanocytes; however, the biological effects of phototherapy and melanocytes on keratinocytes remain to be elucidated. To investigate and assess the effects of clinically doses of broad band (BB)-UVA, narrow band (NB)-UVB and melanocytes on human keratinocytes in vitro , clinical doses of BB-UVA or NB-UVB radiation and human melanoma cell A375 co-culture were performed as stress divisors to HaCaT cells...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sara Moccia, Gabriele O Vanone, Elena De Momi, Andrea Laborai, Luca Guastini, Giorgio Peretti, Leonardo S Mattos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early-stage diagnosis of laryngeal cancer is of primary importance to reduce patient morbidity. Narrow-band imaging (NBI) endoscopy is commonly used for screening purposes, reducing the risks linked to a biopsy but at the cost of some drawbacks, such as large amount of data to review to make the diagnosis. The purpose of this paper is to present a strategy to perform automatic selection of informative endoscopic video frames, which can reduce the amount of data to process and potentially increase diagnosis performance...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Michael J Willatt, Michele Ceriotti, Stuart C Althorpe
Matsubara dynamics is the quantum-Boltzmann-conserving classical dynamics which remains when real-time coherences are taken out of the exact quantum Liouvillian [T. J. H. Hele et al., J. Chem. Phys. 142, 134103 (2015)]; because of a phase-term, it cannot be used as a practical method without further approximation. Recently, Smith et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 142, 244112 (2015)] developed a "planetary" model dynamics which conserves the Feynman-Kleinert (FK) approximation to the quantum-Boltzmann distribution...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Qiulin Zhang, Bofang Zheng, Chester Shu
We proposed a novel scheme for realizing Kramers-Kronig detection by utilizing the narrow-band and high-gain characteristic of stimulated Brillouin scattering. At the receiver, the weak virtual carrier located at the edge of the signal spectrum is Brillouin amplified by the output of a slave laser, which is injection locked by a weak pump seed provided by the transmitter. More than a 2.7-dB optical signal-to-noise ratio sensitivity improvement is experimentally obtained compared with the traditional virtual carrier assisted scheme after an 80-km transmission...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Y Wang, S Subhankar, P Bienias, M Łącki, T-C Tsui, M A Baranov, A V Gorshkov, P Zoller, J V Porto, S L Rolston
We report on the experimental realization of a conservative optical lattice for cold atoms with a subwavelength spatial structure. The potential is based on the nonlinear optical response of three-level atoms in laser-dressed dark states, which is not constrained by the diffraction limit of the light generating the potential. The lattice consists of a one-dimensional array of ultranarrow barriers with widths less than 10 nm, well below the wavelength of the lattice light, physically realizing a Kronig-Penney potential...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Mazin Jouda, Robert Kamberger, Jochen Leupold, Nils Spengler, Jürgen Hennig, Oliver Gruschke, Jan G Korvink
High signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the NMR signal has always been a key target that drives massive research effort in many fields. Among several parameters, a high filling factor of the MR coil has proven to boost the SNR. In case of small-volume samples, a high filling factor and thus a high SNR can be achieved through miniaturizing the MR coil. However, under certain circumstances, this can be impractical. In this paper, we present an extensive theoretical and experimental investigation of the inductively coupled LC resonator and the magnetic Lenz lens as two candidate approaches that can enhance the SNR in such circumstances...
July 2017: Concepts in Magnetic Resonance. Part B, Magnetic Resonance Engineering
Yusuke Horiuchi, Junko Fujisaki, Noriko Yamamoto, Shoichi Yoshimizu, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Masatsugu Nagahama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Tomohiro Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: It is unknown how the accuracy rate of diagnostic demarcation of undifferentiated-type early gastric cancers (UD-type EGCs) differs between patients uninfected with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and patients with and without H. pylori eradication. This study assessed and compared the diagnostic accuracy rate in the H. pylori-uninfected group and the non-H. pylori eradication and H. pylori eradication groups. METHODS: Subjects were 81 patients with 81 lesions who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection between January 2010 and January 2015...
March 13, 2018: Gastric Cancer
Y C Hao, C L Xiao, K Liu, Y Q Liu, L L Ma
Objective: To investigate application value of narrow-band imaging (NBI) flexible ureteroscopy in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of upper urinary tract transitional carcinomas (UTUC). Methods: From June 2015 to June 2017, 16 patients of UTUC were treated by flexible ureteroscopy with white light (WLI) and NBI at Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital , including 10 females and 6 males. The age of patients ranged from 43 to 84 years (average 68.9 years). There were 54 cases, including 16 cases with first-suspicion of cancer, and 38 cases with known of UTUC as follow-up...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Xiaofeng Yi, Jian Zhang, Tiehu Fan, Baofeng Tian, Chuandong Jiang
Magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) is a novel geophysical method to detect groundwater directly. By applying this method to underground projects in mines and tunnels, warning information can be provided on water bodies that are hidden in front prior to excavation and thus reduce the risk of casualties and accidents. However, unlike its application to ground surfaces, the application of MRS to underground environments is constrained by the narrow space, quite weak MRS signal, and complex electromagnetic interferences with high intensities in mines...
March 13, 2018: Sensors
Chan-Chieh Lin, Gareoung Kim, Dianta Ginting, Kyunghan Ahn, Jong Soo Rhyee
Topological insulators generally share commonalities with good thermoelectric materials because of their narrow band gaps and heavy constituent elements. Here we propose that a topological crystalline insulator (TCI) could exhibit a high thermoe-lectric performance by breaking its crystalline symmetry and tuning chemical potential by elemental doping. As a candidate material, we investigate thermoelectric properties of the Cl-doped topological crystalline insulator Pb0.7Sn0.3Se. The infrared absorption spectra reveal that the band gap is increased from 0...
March 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Keisuke Kasai, Masataka Nakazawa, Mitsuteru Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Ishii
We describe a 1.5 μm, narrow linewidth, high output power wavelength tunable LD that employs a self-optical feedback circuit. By incorporating an optical circulator-based feedback circuit in a DFB LD array, we have successfully reduced the oscillation linewidth from several MHz to less than 8 kHz over the full C-band range. A high output power of approximately 50 mW and a low relative intensity noise of less than -130 dB/Hz were simultaneously achieved. Furthermore, by employing a partial reflection mirror as a self-optical feedback circuit, we have also realized a full C-band wavelength tunable LD with a linewidth of less than 11 kHz and a simple laser configuration...
March 5, 2018: Optics Express
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