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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526945/tri-scan-a-three-stage-color-enhancement-tool-for-endoscopic-images
#1
Mohammad S Imtiaz, Shahed K Mohammed, Farah Deeba, Khan A Wahid
Modern endoscopes play a significant role in diagnosing various gastrointestinal (GI) tract related diseases where the visual quality of endoscopic images helps improving the diagnosis. This article presents an image enhancement method for color endoscopic images that consists of three stages, and hence termed as "Tri-scan" enhancement: (1) tissue and surface enhancement: a modified linear unsharp masking is used to sharpen the surface and edges of tissue and vascular characteristics; (2) mucosa layer enhancement: an adaptive sigmoid function is employed on the R plane of the image to highlight micro-vessels of the superficial layers of the mucosa and submucosa; and (3) color tone enhancement: the pixels are uniformly distributed to create an enhanced color effect to highlight the subtle micro-vessels, mucosa and tissue characteristics...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525393/novel-nb3o7f-ws2-hybrid-nanomaterials-with-enhanced-optical-absorption-and-photocatalytic-activity
#2
Fei Huang, Zhen Li, Aihua Yan, Hui Zhao, Hao Feng, Yuehua Wang
Coping with the increasing environmental issues, niobium oxyfluoride (Nb3O7F) as a novel semiconductor is a kind of promising photocatalyst due to its outstanding electronic and optoelectrinic properties. However, the photocatalytic performance of Nb3O7F is restricted in practical application due to its weak optical absorption and low carrier separation. In this work, novel Nb3O7F/WS2 hybrid nanocomposites with superior optical absorption and photocatalytic activity have been successfully synthesized by a facile two-step sol-hydrothermal technique...
May 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522954/current-practices-in-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-colorectal-neoplasms-a-survey-of-indications-among-korean-endoscopists
#3
Tae Jun Kim, Eun Ran Kim, Sung Noh Hong, Young-Ho Kim, Dong Kyung Chang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The indications for colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) vary in clinical practice. To establish colorectal ESD as a standard treatment, standard indications are essential. For establishing standard indications for colorectal ESD, we surveyed the preferences and criteria of endoscopists for colorectal ESD in their practices. METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was sent to 27 members of the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy/ESD group...
April 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516987/theoretical-investigations-into-the-charge-transfer-properties-of-thiophene-%C3%AE-substituted-naphthodithiophene-diimides-excellent-n-channel-and-ambipolar-organic-semiconductors
#4
Li-Fei Ji, Jian-Xun Fan, Shou-Feng Zhang, Ai-Min Ren
A theoretical study was carried out to investigate the electronic structures and the charge transport properties of a series of naphthodithiophene diimide (NDTI) thiophene α-substituted derivatives NDTI-X using density functional theory and classical Marcus charge transfer theory. This study deeply revealed the structure-property relationships by analyzing the intermolecular interactions in crystal structures of C8-NDTI and C8-NDTI-Cl thoroughly by using the Hirshfeld surface, QTAIM theories and symmetry-adapted perturbation theory (SAPT)...
May 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516968/preliminary-experience-with-4k-ultra-high-definition-endoscope-analysis-of-pros-and-cons-in-skull-base-surgery
#5
M Rigante, G La Rocca, L Lauretti, G Q D'Alessandris, A Mangiola, C Anile, A Olivi, G Paludetti
During the last two decades endoscopic skull base surgery observed a continuous technical and technological development 3D endoscopy and ultra High Definition (HD) endoscopy have provided great advances in terms of visualisation and spatial resolution. Ultra-high definition (UHD) 4K systems, recently introduced in the clinical practice, will shape next steps forward especially in skull base surgery field. Patients were operated on through transnasal transsphenoidal endoscopic approaches performed using Olympus NBI 4K UHD endoscope with a 4 mm 0° Ultra Telescope, 300 W xenon lamp (CLV-S400) predisposed for narrow band imaging (NBI) technology connected through a camera head to a high-quality control unit (OTV-S400 - VISERA 4K UHD) (Olympus Corporation, Tokyo, Japan)...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516773/amphiphilic-bodipy-hydroporphyrin-energy-transfer-arrays-with-broadly-tunable-absorption-and-deep-red-near-infrared-emission-in-aqueous-micelles
#6
Adam Meares, Andrius Satraitis, Joshua Akhigbe, Nithya Santhanam, Subramani Swaminathan, Melanie Ehudin, Marcin Ptaszek
BODIPY-hydroporphyrin energy transfer arrays allow for development of family of fluorophores featuring a common excitation band at 500 nm, tunable excitation band in deep red/near-infrared window, and tunable emission. Their biomedical applications are contingent upon retaining their optical properties in aqueous environment. Amphiphilic arrays containing PEG-substituted BODIPY and chlorins or bacteriochlorins were prepared and their optical and fluorescence properties were determined in organic solvents and aqueous surfactants...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516760/from-highly-fluorescent-donors-to-strongly-absorbing-acceptors-the-tunable-properties-of-fluorubines
#7
Dominique Mario Gampe, Stefan Schramm, Steffen Ziemann, Matthias Westerhausen, Helmar Görls, Pance Naumov, Rainer Beckert
The synthesis and characterization of three novel fluorubine derivatives is reported via three to four simple reaction steps with isolatable intermediates. The functional dyes are characterized by their strong absorption peaks in the visible region and high fluorescence quantum yields. A significant and useful feature is that the properties can be tuned over a wide range by changing the pH. Transformation of the dyes into protonated amidinium salts leads to narrower band gaps and drastically lower LUMO energies...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507710/semiconducting-polymer-dots-with-bright-narrow-band-emission-at-800-nm-for-biological-applications
#8
Dandan Chen, I-Che Wu, Zhihe Liu, Ying Tang, Haobin Chen, Jiangbo Yu, Changfeng Wu, Daniel T Chiu
The development of near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probes is critical for in vivo exploration of the fundamental and complex processes in living systems by noninvasive fluorescence imaging techniques. Semiconducting polymer dots (Pdots) are emerging as important probes that exhibit several advantages, such as high brightness and biocompatibility. However, NIR-emitting Pdots are very rare, particularly at the center (∼800 nm) of the first optical window of biological tissues (between 650 nm and 950 nm). In this paper, we describe the synthesis of a semiconducting polymer with bright and narrow-band emission at 800 nm...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507663/molecular-engineering-and-sequential-cosensitization-for-preventing-the-trade-off-effect-with-photovoltaic-enhancement
#9
Weiwei Zhang, Yongzhen Wu, Xin Li, Erpeng Li, Xiongrong Song, Huiyun Jiang, Chao Shen, Hao Zhang, He Tian, Wei-Hong Zhu
In dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), it is essential to use rational molecular design to obtain promising photosensitizers with well-matched energy levels and narrow optical band gaps. However, the "trade-off" effect between the photocurrent and photovoltage is still a challenge. Here we report four benzoxidazole based D-A-π-A metal-free organic dyes (WS-66, WS-67, WS-68 and WS-69) with different combinations of π-spacer units and anchoring-acceptor groups. Either extending the π-spacer or enhancing the electron acceptor can efficiently modulate the molecular energy levels, leading to a red-shift in the absorption spectra...
March 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507302/impedance-self-matching-ultra-narrow-linewidth-fiber-resonator-by-use-of-a-tunable-%C3%AF-phase-shifted-fbg
#10
Mingyong Jing, Bo Yu, Jianyong Hu, Huifang Hou, Guofeng Zhang, Liantuan Xiao, Suotang Jia
In this paper, we present a novel ultra-narrow linewidth fiber resonator formed by a tunable polarization maintaining (PM) π-phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating and a PM uniform fiber Bragg grating with a certain length of PM single mode fiber patch cable between them. Theoretical prediction shows that this resonator has ultra-narrow linewidth resonant peaks and is easy to realize impedance matching. We experimentally obtain 3 MHz narrow linewidth impedance matched resonant peak in a 7.3 m ultra-long passive fiber cavity...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504684/fully-automated-5-plex-fluorescent-immunohistochemistry-with-tyramide-signal-amplification-and-same-species-antibodies
#11
Wenjun Zhang, Antony Hubbard, Tobin Jones, Adriana Racolta, Srabani Bhaumik, Nick Cummins, Liping Zhang, Karl Garsha, Frank Ventura, Mark R Lefever, Zhenqiang Lu, John K Hurley, William A Day, Lidija Pestic-Dragovich, Larry E Morrison, Lei Tang
The ability to simultaneously visualize the presence, abundance, location and functional state of many targets in cells and tissues has been described as a true next-generation approach in immunohistochemistry (IHC). A typical requirement for multiplex IHC (mIHC) is the use of different animal species for each primary (1°Ab) and secondary (2°Ab) antibody pair. Although 1°Abs from different species have been used with differently labeled species-specific 2°Abs, quite often the appropriate combination of antibodies is not available...
May 15, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503988/the-usefulness-of-narrow-band-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-vocal-fold-leukoplakia
#12
Fang Huang, Jinchao Yu, Fan Zhang, Changding He, Shimin Li, Jun Shao
OBJECTIVE: This research was aimed to explore the efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) on distinguishing the degree of dysplasia of vocal fold leukoplakia. METHODS: Patients were examined by flexible endoscopy, under white light endoscopy (WLE) and NBI. 78 lesions were divided into two groups according to the NBI classification. Group 1: non-dysplasia (ND), including squamous hyperplasia with hyperkeratosis or parakeratosis; Group 2: squamous hyperplasia with mild or moderate dysplasia (MD) or severe dysplasia (SD), or carcinoma in situ (CIS)...
May 14, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500570/narrow-band-imaging-can-increase-the-visibility-of-fibrin-caps-after-bleeding-of-esophageal-varices-a-case-with-extensive-esophageal-candidiasis
#13
Yoshihiro Furuichi, Yoshitaka Kasai, Hirohito Takeuchi, Yuu Yoshimasu, Takashi Kawai, Katsutoshi Sugimoto, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Ikuo Nakamura, Takao Itoi
A 58-year-old man with hepatitis B cirrhosis noticed black stools and underwent an endoscopy at a community hospital. The presence of esophageal varices (EVs) was confirmed, but the bleeding point was not found. He was referred to our institution and underwent a second endoscopy. Extensive white patches of esophageal candidiasis were visible on endoscopy by white-light imaging (WLI), but it was difficult to find the fibrin cap of the EVs. This was easier under narrow-band imaging (NBI), however, as the color turned red from absorption by hemoglobin adhered to it...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499337/optically-encoded-semiconducting-polymer-dots-with-single-wavelength-excitation-for-barcoding-and-tracking-of-single-cells
#14
Chun-Ting Kuo, Hong-Shang Peng, Yu Rong, Jiangbo Yu, Wei Sun, Bryant S Fujimoto, Daniel T Chiu
Multiplexed optical encoding is emerging as a powerful technique for high-throughput cellular analysis and molecular assays. Most of the developed optical barcodes, however, either suffer from large particle size or are incompatible with most commercial optical instruments. Here, a new type of nanoscale fluorescent barcodes (Pdot barcodes) was prepared from semiconducting polymers. The Pdot barcodes possess the merits of small size (~20 nm in diameter), narrow emission bands (FWHM of 30-40 nm), three-color emissions (blue, green, and red) under single-wavelength excitation, a high brightness, good pH and thermal stability, and efficient cellular uptake...
May 12, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498707/electronic-phase-separation-and-dramatic-inverse-band-renormalization-in-the-mixed-valence-cuprate-licu_-2-o_-2
#15
S Moser, Y Nomura, L Moreschini, G Gatti, H Berger, P Bugnon, A Magrez, C Jozwiak, A Bostwick, E Rotenberg, S Biermann, M Grioni
We measured, by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, the electronic structure of LiCu_{2}O_{2}, a mixed-valence cuprate where planes of Cu(I) (3d^{10}) ions are sandwiched between layers containing one-dimensional edge-sharing Cu(II) (3d^{9}) chains. We find that the Cu(I)- and Cu(II)-derived electronic states form separate electronic subsystems, in spite of being coupled by bridging O ions. The valence band, of the Cu(I) character, disperses within the charge-transfer gap of the strongly correlated Cu(II) states, displaying an unprecedented 250% broadening of the bandwidth with respect to the predictions of density functional theory...
April 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498702/anomalous-de-haas-van-alphen-effect-in-inas-gasb-quantum-wells
#16
Johannes Knolle, Nigel R Cooper
The de Haas-van Alphen effect describes the periodic oscillation of the magnetization in a material as a function of an inverse applied magnetic field. It forms the basis of a well established procedure for measuring Fermi surface properties, and its observation is typically taken as a direct signature of a system being metallic. However, certain insulators can show similar oscillations of the magnetization from quantization of the energies of electron states in filled bands. Recently, the theory of such an anomalous dHvAE (AdHvAE) was worked out, but there has not yet been a clear experimental observation...
April 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497504/semiconducting-coordination-polymers-based-on-the-pre-designed-ternary-te-fe-cu-carbonyl-cluster-and-conjugation-interrupted-dipyridyl-linkers
#17
Minghuey Shieh, Chia-Chi Yu, Chia-Yeh Miu, Chang-Hung Kung, Chung-Yi Huang, Yu-Hsin Liu, Hsiang-Lin Liu, Chih-Chiang Shen
A series of semiconducting cluster-incorporated Cu-based coordination polymers, namely, 1D zigzag polymers [[{TeFe3(CO)9Cu2}(L)]n (L = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (bpea), 1; L = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (bpee), 5), 2D honeycomb-like polymers [{TeFe3(CO)9Cu}Cu(L)2.5]n (L = bpea, 2; L =bpee, 6), and 2D wave-like cation-anion polymer [{Cu2(L)4}{{TeFe3(CO)9Cu}2(L)}]n (L = 1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane (bpp), 4), as well as the macrocycle [{TeFe3(CO)9Cu2}2(bpp)2] (3) have been quantitatively synthesized via the liquid-assisted grinding from the pre-designed cluster [TeFe3(CO)9Cu2(MeCN)2] with conjugated or conjugation-interrupted dipyridyl linkers...
May 11, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494373/influence-of-li-charge-compensator-ion-on-the-energy-transfer-from-pr-3-to-gd-3-ions-in-ca9mg-po4-6f2-gd-3-pr-3-li-phosphor
#18
Sumedha Tamboli, S J Dhoble
Phototherapy is a renowned treatment for curing skin diseases since ancient times. Phototherapeutic treatment for psoriasis and many other diseases require narrow band ultra violet-B (NB-UVB) light with peak intensity at 313nm to be exposed to the affected part of body. In this paper, we report combustion synthesis of NB-UVB -313nm emitting Ca9Mg(PO4)6F2 phosphors doped with Gd(3+), Pr(3+) and Li(+) ions. The phase formation was confirmed by obtaining X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern and morphology was studied with the Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images...
May 2, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492712/lugol-s-iodine-chromoendoscopy-versus-narrow-band-image-enhanced-endoscopy-for-the-detection-of-esophageal-cancer-in-patients-with-stenosis-secondary-to-caustic-corrosive-agent-ingestion
#19
Caterina Maria Pia Simoni Pennachi, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Renato Bastos Pimenta Amorim, Hugo Gonçalo Guedes, Vivek Kumbhari, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of corrosion cancer should be suspected in patients with corrosive ingestion if after a latent period of negligible symptoms there is development of dysphagia, or poor response to dilatation, or if respiratory symptoms develop in an otherwise stable patient of esophageal stenosis. Narrow Band Imaging detects superficial squamous cell carcinoma more frequently than white-light imaging, and has significantly higher sensitivity and accuracy compared with white-light...
May 8, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492320/hydrazine-assisted-syntheses-and-properties-of-mercury-tellurides-containing-transition-metal-complexes
#20
Peipei Sun, Shuzhen Liu, Shufen Li, Limei Zhang, Hui Sun, Dingxian Jia
With assistance of reactive and coordinative hydrazine, transition-metal telluromercurates [Mn(trien)(N2H4)2]2[Hg2Te4]2 (A), [Zn(trien)(N2H4)2]Hg2Te4 (B), [Mn(tepa)(N2H4)]2Hg4Te12 (C), [TM(trien)(Hg2Te4)] (TM = Mn (D), Zn (E)), and [Zn(atep)]2Hg5Te12 (atep = 4-(2-aminoethyl)triethylenetetramine) (F) were solvothermally prepared in triethylenetetramine (trien) or tetraethylenepentamine (tepa) solvents using elemental Te as precursor in lower temperature range. Compounds A and B consist of mixed coordination cations [TM(trien)(N2H4)2](2+) (TM = Mn, Zn) and one-dimensional polyanion [Hg2Te4](2-) with the five-membered Hg2Te3 rings being coplanar...
May 11, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
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