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Sperm agglutination

Stanley Ifeanyi Ugwu, Kogiku Shiba, Kazuo Inaba, Masaya Morita
Identification of seminal proteins provides a means of investigating their roles. Despite their importance in the study of protein function, such as regulation of sperm motility, it is difficult to select candidates from the large number of proteins. Analyzing the rate of molecular evolution is a useful strategy for selecting candidates, and expressing the protein allows the examination of its function. In the present study, we investigated seminal plasma proteins of the cichlid Oreochromis mossambicus, which exhibits a unique mode of fertilization and a rapidly evolving gene that encodes a seminal plasma protein, zona-pellucida 3-like (ZP3-like), which does not belong to the same molecular family as other ZPs...
April 2018: Zoological Science
Somayeh Bahrami, Hossein Hamidinejat, Seyed Reza Fatemi-Tabatabaei, Saeed Sardarifar
Neospora is one of the protozoans that can infect the male and female's reproduction system. Despite the existence of N. caninum in the genitalia, its effect on sperm characteristics was not studied yet. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of natural neosporosis on the sperm parameters of bulls. Using 30 bulls with neosporosis diagnosed by modified agglutination test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and 15 healthy bulls, some sperm parameters such as sperm concentration, viability, motility, and morphology were studied and compared...
January 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Dalia Kheirallah, Lamia El-Samad, Naglaa Fahmi, Wafaa Osman
Ultrastructure alterations in spermiogenesis of the ground beetle, Blaps sulcata (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) were studied in normal adult males and in two male groups irradiated by gamma rays of 3 and 16 μSv/h dose rate. Ultrastructure examination of irradiated sperms revealed many alterations both in the head and in the flagellum regions of mature sperm. Alterations of the head region included nuclei with uncondensed chromatin materials and irregular nuclear envelope. Abnormal flagella contained malformed mitochondrial derivatives and damaged axonemes in addition to the absence of accessory bodies...
September 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
G Nardi Júnior, J Megid, L A Mathias, L Paulin, A F Vicente, A Cortez, F J P Listoni, G H B Lara, R G Motta, M G M Chacur, F M Monteiro, M G Ribeiro
Brucellosis remains as a major infectious disease of domestic animals and is considered a re-emerging zoonosis in several countries. B. abortus infections in bulls are related to reproductive tract infections, although infected animals show transient serological titers or nonreactor status. Thus, diagnosis of bovine brucellosis based exclusively on serological tests probably underestimates B. abortus infections in bulls. In this scenario, three hundred thirty-five serum samples from reproductively mature bovine bulls were subjected simultaneously to standard serodiagnosis using the rose Bengal test (RBT), 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME), complement fixation (CFT), and fluorescence polarization assay (FPA)...
June 27, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
J M Teijeiro, P E Marini, M J Bragado, L J Garcia-Marin
Male germ cells undergo different processes within the female reproductive tract to successfully fertilize the oocyte. These processes are triggered by different extracellular stimuli leading to activation of protein phosphorylation. Protein kinase C (PKC) is a key regulatory enzyme in signal transduction mechanisms involved in many cellular processes. Studies in boar sperm demonstrated a role for PKC in the intracellular signaling involved in motility and cellular volume regulation. Experiments using phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) showed increases in the Serine/Threonine phosphorylation of substrates downstream of PKC in boar sperm...
March 2017: Andrology
Kuppusamy Chenniappan, Kadarkari Murugan
CONTEXT: Ionidium suffruticosum (L.) Ging (Violaceae) is an important medicinal plant widely used as a herbal traditional medicine in Ayurveda for the treatment of infertility. Currently, little pharmacological information is available on its male fertility properties following prolonged use. OBJECTIVE: To investigate I. suffruticosum leaf extracts for male fertility parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ethanol lyophilized fraction was administered orally on carbendazim-induced sub-fertility rats (250 mg/kg body weight for 28 days)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Huan Mao, Lei Feng, Wan-Xi Yang
We investigated whether human semen parameters present circannual rhythm or not, and whether environmental factors exert on semen quality. This retrospective study used data of patients mainly from Reproductive Medicine Center and Urology and Andrology Clinic of a general hospital in China. Sperm concentration and motility were measured by computer aided sperm analysis (CASA). Sperm morphology was scored based on the strict criteria (WHO, 2010). The Kruskal-Wallis rank test was used to investigate the relationship between semen parameters and season/month...
2017: Chronobiology International
Elisabeth Pinart, Esther Domènech, Eva Bussalleu, Marc Yeste, Sergi Bonet
The present study compares the sperm quality of boar seminal doses artificially inoculated with Escherichia coli and Clostridium perfringens, and maintained in liquid storage at 15°C for a 9-day period. Seminal doses from 10 sexually mature Piétrain boars were diluted in a Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS)-based extender and infected either with E. coli or C. perfringens, with bacterial loads ranging from 101 to 107 cfumL-1 . During storage, the changes in sperm quality were determined by assessing pH, sperm viability, sperm motiliy, sperm morphology, sperm agglutination degree, and sperm-bacteria interaction...
February 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
S K Srivastava, S Shinde, S K Singh, S Mehrotra, M R Verma, A K Singh, S Nandi, N Srivastava, S K Singh, T K Goswami, S K Bhure, H Kumar, S K Ghosh
Antisperm antibodies have been found in repeat-breeding(RB) cows, and those causing agglutination and/or immobilization of sperm are considered to be closely related to unexplained infertility. However, a standard protocol for identifying antisperm antibodies (ASA) in cattle is not validated. Therefore, an investigation was undertaken to evaluate sperm immobilization (SIT), sperm agglutination (SAT) and immunoperoxidase (IPT)assays for detection of ASA in serum and their respective threshold levels for confirmation...
April 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
D Gączarzewicz, J Udała, M Piasecka, B Błaszczyk, T Stankiewicz
This study was designed to determine the degree and type of bacterial contamination in boar semen (79 ejaculates from Large White and Landrace boars) and its consequences for sperm quality during storage (27 extended semen samples, 16°C for five days) under practical conditions of artificial insemination (AI). The results revealed the presence of aerobic bacteria in 99% of the ejaculates (from 80 to 370 ×106 colony-forming units/mL). Most of the ejaculates contained two or three bacterial contaminants, while the Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Pseudomonas bacterial genera were most frequently isolated...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Gergely Bernáth, Daniel Żarski, Eszter Kása, Ádám Staszny, Levente Várkonyi, Tímea Kollár, Árpád Hegyi, Zoltán Bokor, Béla Urbányi, Ákos Horváth
The applicability of a programmable freezer for the increased-scale cryopreservation of common carp sperm was investigated. The effect of different equilibration times, cryopreservation methods, extenders, dilution ratios, activating solutions on the post-thaw motility of common carp sperm was investigated. The suitable post-thaw storage time-interval as well as fertilizing capacity of cryopreserved sperm was also examined. The motility, curvilinear velocity (VCL) and straightness (STR) values did not decrease significantly during 60min of equilibration neither in equilibrated nor thawed groups...
October 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Joaquín Cordero-Martínez, Charmina Aguirre-Alvarado, Jessica Gabriela Guzmán-Soriano, Cinthia Erika Sánchez-Arroyo, Juan Carlos Flores-Alonso, Lorena Rodríguez-Páez
UNLABELLED: The present study evaluates the possible antifertility effect of aqueous crude extract (OBACE) of Echeveria gibbiflora, a plant that belongs to the crassulaceae family, used in traditional Mexican medicine as a vaginal post coital rinse to prevent pregnancy and shown to have an immobilization/agglutination effect on sperm of different mammal species. We evaluated the effect of OBACE on functional parameters of mouse sperm, such as viability, capacitation, and acrosome reaction...
October 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Marta F Riesco, Francisca Félix, Domitilia Matias, Sandra Joaquim, Marc Suquet, Elsa Cabrita
Sperm cryopreservation is a widely employed technique that promotes alternative techniques to contribute to broodstock management or restoration programs for species of commercial interest, endangered species or species with an interesting genotype. The preservation of genetic material from improved stocks or from the original population is extremely important for the oyster aquaculture industry to prevent the potential impacts of epidemic diseases and natural disasters. The Portuguese oyster, Crassostrea angulata, was the most important species commercialized by the shellfish industry...
May 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Davide Monaco, Meriem Fatnassi, Barbara Padalino, Mohamed Hammadi, Touhami Khorchani, Giovanni Michele Lacalandra
Ejaculates from five clinically healthy dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) were used to evaluate the effects of different enzymatic treatments (Amylase, Papain, Spermfluid) on liquefaction and seminal parameters. After collection, ejaculates were divided into 5 aliquots: (1) kept undiluted (control); or diluted 1:1 with: (2) Tris-Citrate-Fructose (TCF), (3) TCF containing Amylase, (4) TCF containing Papain or (5) Spermfluid containing Bromelain. At 120 min after dilution, each aliquot was evaluated, at 20-min intervals, for viscosity, motility, viability and agglutination...
April 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
Maria Angeles Monclus, Miguel Walter Fornes
In many mammalian and non-mammalian species, mature sperm interact within the female reproductive tract or inside the epididymal lumen using cohesive forces. This phenomenon, known as "sperm conjugation," is sometimes confused with sperm agglutination, which is the result of the interaction of epididymal or ejaculate spermatozoa upon release into culture medium. In addition to "agglutination," the terms "association," "rouleaux," or "rosettes" are employed interchangeably to describe the conjugation phenomenon, which inevitably causes confusion due to the non-unifying nomenclature...
October 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Jun Fu, Rongyan Yao, Yanyun Luo, Dantong Yang, Yang Cao, Yi Qiu, Wei Song, Shiying Miao, Yiqun Gu, Linfang Wang
Infertility is currently a major public health problem. Anti-sperm antibodies (ASAs) markedly reduce sperm quality, which can subsequently lead to male and/or female infertility. The accurate detection of ASAs derived from specific spermatozoa is, therefore, clinically useful. We have focused on the spermatozoa-specific expression protein ACTL7a for many years and have developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect the concentration of anti-ACTL7a antibodies in fertile sera (n = 267) and infertile sera (n = 193)...
March 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
T Leahy, J P Rickard, R J Aitken, S P de Graaf
Head-to-head agglutination of ram spermatozoa is induced by dilution in the Tyrode's capacitation medium with albumin, lactate and pyruvate (TALP) and ameliorated by the addition of the thiol d-penicillamine (PEN). To better understand the association and disassociation of ram spermatozoa, we investigated the mechanism of action of PEN in perturbing sperm agglutination. PEN acts as a chelator of heavy metals, an antioxidant and a reducing agent. Chelation is not the main mechanism of action, as the broad-spectrum chelator ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and the copper-specific chelator bathocuproinedisulfonic acid were inferior anti-agglutination agents compared with PEN...
May 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Jun Fu, Rongyan Yao, Yanyun Luo, Dantong Yang, Yang Cao, Yi Qiu, Wei Song, Shiying Miao, Yiqun Gu, Linfang Wang
Numerous investigations have focused on the detection of antisperm antibodies, which have a naturally occurring impact on male and female fertility. In this study, spermatogenic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDHS) was considered to be a candidate biomarker of immune infertility. The concentrations of anti-GAPDHS antibodies in the sera of sterile individuals and fertile couples were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Sera were collected from immune infertile (n = 175) and fertile (n = 237) individuals and were screened by tray agglutination tests (TAT)...
April 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Anisha A D'Souza, Smita V Yevate, A H Bandivdekar, Padma V Devarajan
The present study evaluates the feasibility of particulate carriers of a biodegradable polymer polyethylene sebacate (PES) as an alternative to Freund's adjuvant in the design of a peptide vaccine formulation. The vaccine formulation comprised of PES and the antigen KLH conjugated 80kDa HSA peptide-1 dissolved in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)/NMP-water as solvent. The antigen revealed good stability and the formulations were readily syringeable. Intradermal injection of the formulations resulted in the formation of PES particulates in situ at the site of injection...
December 30, 2015: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
C E Kuster, G C Althouse
Bacteriospermia is a documented risk to reproductive performance when using extended boar semen for artificial insemination. A substantial list of bacteria have been recovered from boar semen attributed to fecal, preputial, skin, and hair microorganisms, with these and other environmental bacteria from processing areas identified in doses prepared for artificial insemination. Gram-negative bacteria are most commonly recovered from extended doses, including both Enterobacteriaceae and environmental contaminants, such as those that inhabit water purification systems...
January 1, 2016: Theriogenology
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