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Skin antisepsis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529860/use-of-chlorhexidine-preparations-in-total-joint-arthroplasty
#1
REVIEW
Jaiben George, Alison K Klika, Carlos A Higuera
Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Chlorhexidine is a widely used antiseptic because of its rapid and persistent action. It is well tolerated and available in different formulations at various concentrations. Chlorhexidine can be used for pre-operative skin cleansing, surgical site preparation, hand antisepsis of the surgical team and intra-articular irrigation of infected joints. The optimal intra-articular concentration of chlorhexidine gluconate in irrigation solution is 2%, to provide a persistent decrease in biofilm formation, though cytotoxicity might be an issue...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526172/skin-antisepsis-it-s-not-only-what-you-use-it-s-the-way-that-you-use-it
#2
A L Casey, J M Badia, A Higgins, J Korndorrfer, C Mantyh, O Mimoz, M Moro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394747/risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-surgical-infections-among-spine-patients
#3
REVIEW
Alyssa G Blood, Melanie F Sandoval, Evalina Burger, Katherine Halverson-Carpenter
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to identify patient-specific and procedure-specific risk and protective factors associated with post-operative surgical site infections (SSIs) among surgical spine patients. METHODS: CINAHL, PubMed, Ovid, Medline, and EBSCO databases were searched for articles within the past 10 years (January 2003-March 2015). The keywords and combinations used in the search included: Spine surgery, post-operative infection, risk factors, orthopedic infections...
April 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277409/randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-alcohol-based-preparations-for-surgical-site-antisepsis-in-colorectal-surgery
#4
Robyn B Broach, Emily C Paulson, Charles Scott, Najjia N Mahmoud
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 alcohol-based, dual-action skin preparations for surgical site infection (SSI) prevention in elective colorectal surgery. BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery is associated with the highest SSI rate among elective surgical procedures. Although evidence indicates that alcohol-based skin preparations are superior in SSI prevention, it is not clear if different alcohol-based preparations are equivalent in clean-contaminated colorectal procedures. METHODS: We performed a blinded, randomized, noninferiority trial comparing iodine povacrylex-alcohol (IPA) and chlorhexidine-alcohol for elective, clean-contaminated colorectal surgery...
March 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159079/guideline-implementation-hand-hygiene
#5
Judith L Goldberg
Performing proper hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis is essential to reducing the rates of health care-associated infections, including surgical site infections. The updated AORN "Guideline for hand hygiene" provides guidance on hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis, the wearing of fingernail polish and artificial nails, proper skin care to prevent dermatitis, the wearing of jewelry, hand hygiene product selection, and quality assurance and performance improvement considerations. This article focuses on key points of the guideline to help perioperative personnel make informed decisions about hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis...
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131655/a-return-to-the-basics-nurses-practices-and-knowledge-about-interventional-patient-hygiene-in-critical-care-units
#6
Azza H El-Soussi, Hayam I Asfour
BACKGROUND: The Nursing profession is struggling to return to basic nursing care to maintain patients' safety. "Interventional patient hygiene" (IPH) is a measurement model for reducing the bioburden of both the patient and health care worker, and its components are hand hygiene, oral care, skin care/antisepsis, and catheter site care. OBJECTIVES: To identify the level of nurses' practice and knowledge about interventional patient hygiene and identify barriers for implementing interventional patient hygiene in critical care units...
January 25, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124850/a-quality-improvement-approach-to-reducing-the-caesarean-section-surgical-site-infection-rate-in-a-regional-hospital
#7
M O'Hanlon, C McKenna, E Carton, D Diviney, M R Costello, L O'Sullivan, J Fitzsimons, L Toland, G Dornikova, R Curran, C McCann, L O'Sullivan, T Doherty, C Crowley, S O'Coigligh
Surgical site infection (SSI) rates are used extensively by hospitals as a basis for quality improvement. A 30-day post-discharge SSI programme for Caesarean section operations has been implemented in Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital since 2011. It has been shown that skin antisepsis and antibiotic prophylaxis are key factors in the prevention of SSI. Using quality improvement methodology, an infection prevention bundle was introduced to address these two factors. Skin antisepsis was changed from povidone-iodine to chlorhexidine-alcohol...
September 9, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121042/economic-case-for-intraoperative-interventions-to-prevent-surgical-site-infection
#8
REVIEW
B M Gillespie, W Chaboyer, A Erichsen-Andersson, R M Hettiarachchi, S Kularatna
BACKGROUND: Surgical-site infection (SSI) occurs in 1-10 per cent of all patients undergoing surgery; rates can be higher depending on the type of surgery. The aim of this review was to establish whether (or not) surgical hand asepsis, intraoperative skin antisepsis and selected surgical dressings are cost-effective in SSI prevention, and to examine the quality of reporting. METHODS: The authors searched MEDLINE via Ovid, CINAHL via EBSCO, Cochrane Central and Scopus databases systematically from 1990 to 2016...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089672/isopropyl-alcohol-is-as-efficient-as-chlorhexidine-to-prevent-contamination-of-blood-cultures
#9
Jovanna Martínez, Juan H Macías, Virginia Arreguín, Jose A Álvarez, Alejandro E Macías, Juan L Mosqueda-Gómez
BACKGROUND: False-positive blood cultures can lead to unnecessary risks and misuse of antibiotics; to reduce rates of false-positives, it would be useful to determine whether use of an antiseptic with a prolonged effect is required. METHODS: Clinical study of efficacy (blinded and randomized) to compare the rate of blood culture contamination when skin antisepsis was performed with 70% isopropyl alcohol or 2% chlorhexidine gluconate in 70% isopropyl alcohol in 2 hospitals...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924201/central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-importance-of-the-care-bundle
#10
Aynur Atilla, Zahide Doğanay, Hale Kefeli Çelik, Leman Tomak, Özgür Günal, S Sırrı Kılıç
BACKGROUND: The importance and efficacy of a care bundle for preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and infectious complications related to placing a central venous catheter (CVC) in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A care bundle was implemented from July 2013 to June 2014 in a medical ICU and surgical ICU. Data were divided into three periods: the prior period (July 2012-June 2013), the intervention period (July 2013-June 2014; first and second periods), and the post-intervention period (July 2014-December 2014; third period)...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890067/clinical-issues-december-2016
#11
Lisa Spruce, Amber Wood
Head coverings Key words: head cover, bouffant, skull cap, hair, scalp. Skin preps Key words: skin preps, antiseptics, cesarean delivery, surgical site infections, abdomen. Pediatric surgical counts Key words: pediatrics, counts, surgical, retained surgical items, policy. Sterile set up Key words: sterile table, sterile set up, covering, monitoring, contamination. Surgical hand antisepsis Key words: surgical hand rub, application, surgical scrub, scrubbed areas.
December 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879993/randomized-clinical-trial-of-preoperative-skin-antisepsis-with-chlorhexidine-gluconate-or-povidone-iodine
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H M Park, S-S Han, E C Lee, S D Lee, H M Yoon, B W Eom, S H Kim, K W Ryu, S-J Park, Y W Kim, B Park
BACKGROUND: Skin antiseptic agents are used to prevent surgical-site infection (SSI); few trials have reported the superiority of any specific agent in clean-contaminated abdominal surgery. This RCT was designed to compare the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone-iodine. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent clean-contaminated upper gastrointestinal or hepatobiliary-pancreatic open surgery between 2011 and 2014 were assigned randomly to either chlorhexidine gluconate or povidone-iodine...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707940/chlorhexidine-versus-tincture-of-iodine-for-reduction-of-blood-culture-contamination-rates-a-prospective-randomized-crossover-study
#13
Elizabeth Story-Roller, Melvin P Weinstein
Blood cultures (BCs) are the standard method for diagnosis of bloodstream infections (BSIs). However, the average BC contamination rate (CR) in U.S. hospitals is 2.9%, potentially resulting in unnecessary antibiotic use and excessive therapy costs. Several studies have compared various skin antisepsis agents without a clear consensus as to which agent is most effective in reducing contamination. A prospective, randomized crossover study directly comparing blood culture contamination rates using chlorhexidine versus iodine tincture for skin antisepsis was performed at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital (RWJUH)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671220/acquired-resistance-to-chlorhexidine-is-it-time-to-establish-an-antiseptic-stewardship-initiative
#14
REVIEW
G Kampf
Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHG) is an antimicrobial agent used for different types of applications in hand hygiene, skin antisepsis, oral care, and patient washing. Increasing use raises concern regarding development of acquired bacterial resistance. Published data from clinical isolates with CHG minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were reviewed and compared to epidemiological cut-off values to determine resistance. CHG resistance is rarely found in Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus or coagulase-negative staphylococci...
November 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668910/daniel-molli%C3%A3-re-1848-1890-the-french-anatomist-and-surgeon-and-his-encounters-with-nosocomial-infections-in-the-operating-theatre
#15
Gregory Tsoucalas, Konstantinos Laios, Marianna Karamanou, Markos Sgantzos, George Androutsos
Daniel Mollière, was a French anatomist and surgeon, born in Lyon, who succeeded in his short life in making his mark in surgery. He was a prolific writer who left a series of medical treatises and a committed surgeon who was responsible for various significant innovative apparatuses in the medical sper. As he lived in an era when the role of microbe had already been recognized, he was among the first to use antisepsis and install extreme measures against microbes, both in the air and on the skin'. Fountains with fresh clean water, carbonic acid, cross ventilation, medical blouses, combined with Valette's apparatus for the dressing of amputations, were some of his precautions to reduce surgical infections and post-operative mortality...
September 1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568541/guideline-at-a-glance-skin-antisepsis
#16
Aorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515157/what-s-new-in-skin-antisepsis-for-short-term-intravascular-catheters-new-data-to-address-old-problems
#17
Olivier Mimoz, Vineet Chopra, Andreas Widmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509412/on-the-significance-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-with-instillation-in-dermatology
#18
REVIEW
Cornelia Sigrid Lissi Müller, Barbara Burgard, Monika Zimmerman, Thomas Vogt, Claudia Pföhler
Methods used in the treatment of acute and chronic wounds undergo constant evolution, reevaluation, and innovation. While negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is an established treatment modality, the combination of NPWT and instillation of normal saline as well as solutions with active antiseptic components for topical treatment of the wound bed represents a novel approach. The well-known effects of NPWT may thus be combined with those of local antisepsis. They include a decrease in wound area, induction of granulation tissue, and reduction in bacterial colonization...
August 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508334/surgical-hand-antisepsis-and-surgical-site-infections
#19
Brad S Oriel, Kamal M F Itani
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) remain a significant problem to both the patients and the healthcare system. Value care and standardized quality measures continue to promote improvement in surgical asepsis, but certain debates remain unresolved in the field of surgical hand antisepsis. METHODS: Review of relevant accounts and literature. RESULTS: Controversy has existed regarding the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s 1994 Tentative Final Monograph (TFM), which defined how surgical hand antisepsis products are assessed...
December 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410189/skin-antisepsis-for-reducing-central-venous-catheter-related-infections
#20
REVIEW
Nai Ming Lai, Nai An Lai, Elizabeth O'Riordan, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Jacqueline E Taylor, Kenneth Tan
BACKGROUND: The central venous catheter (CVC) is a device used for many functions, including monitoring haemodynamic indicators and administering intravenous medications, fluids, blood products and parenteral nutrition. However, as a foreign object, it is susceptible to colonisation by micro-organisms, which may lead to catheter-related blood stream infection (BSI) and in turn, increased mortality, morbidities and health care costs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of skin antisepsis as part of CVC care for reducing catheter-related BSIs, catheter colonisation, and patient mortality and morbidities...
July 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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