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Povidone iodine versus chlorhexidine

Peter M Vogt, Joerg Hauser, Stefan Mueller, Bjoern Bosse, Michael Hopp
INTRODUCTION: Infection is a major threat to wound healing and a leading cause of graft loss in patients undergoing meshed skin grafts (MSGs). Therefore, topical antisepsis is important in the overall treatment scheme. METHODS: An exploratory satellite group of 14 patients with infected MSGs were enrolled as part of a prospective, randomized, controlled, parallel-group, open-label, pilot Phase II study that investigated the efficacy and tolerability of 3% liposomal povidone-iodine hydrogel (PVP-ILH, Repithel(®); RepiGel(®)) versus chlorhexidine gauze in non-infected MSGs...
October 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
S Patrick, A McDowell, A Lee, A Frau, U Martin, E Gardner, G McLorinan, N Eames
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine whether the sequential application of povidone iodine-alcohol (PVI) followed by chlorhexidine gluconate-alcohol (CHG) would reduce surgical wound contamination to a greater extent than PVI applied twice in patients undergoing spinal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-centre, interventional, two arm, parallel group randomised controlled trial was undertaken, involving 407 patients who underwent elective spinal surgery...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
Carmen Oakley, Penny Allen, Joobin Hooshmand, Brendan J T Vote
PURPOSE: To investigate ocular bacterial count before and after antisepsis with aqueous chlorhexidine (AC) or povidone-iodine (PI) and to assess discomfort with each agent. METHODS: Bacterial swabs were taken from participants' eyes before and after antisepsis. These underwent microscopy, culture, and sensitivity testing. Aqueous chlorhexidine drops were administered to left eyes and PI to right eyes. Participants rated their pain (scale 0-10) for each eye but were blinded to the type of drop...
August 8, 2017: Retina
Gill Norman, Janice Christie, Zhenmi Liu, Maggie J Westby, Jayne M Jefferies, Thomas Hudson, Jacky Edwards, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, Ibrahim A Hassan, Jo C Dumville
BACKGROUND: Burn wounds cause high levels of morbidity and mortality worldwide. People with burns are particularly vulnerable to infections; over 75% of all burn deaths (after initial resuscitation) result from infection. Antiseptics are topical agents that act to prevent growth of micro-organisms. A wide range are used with the intention of preventing infection and promoting healing of burn wounds. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of antiseptics for the treatment of burns in any care setting...
July 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Edward H Springel, Xiao-Yu Wang, Vanessa M Sarfoh, Bradley P Stetzer, Steven A Weight, Brian M Mercer
BACKGROUND: Identification of optimal surgical site antisepsis preparations may reduce cesarean-related surgical site infections. Two recently published investigations examined efficacy of chlorhexidine-alcohol and iodine-alcohol preparations. No previous randomized controlled trial has compared chlorhexidine-alcohol to povidone-iodine aqueous scrub and paint in reduction of cesarean-related surgical site infection. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to determine if chlorhexidine-alcohol would result in fewer surgical site infections than povidone-iodine when used as skin antisepsis preparation prior to cesarean delivery...
October 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dan Zhang, Xi-Chen Wang, Zeng-Xi Yang, Jian-Xin Gan, Jie-Bin Pan, Lan-Ning Yin
BACKGROUNDS: Updated guidelines for surgical site infections (SSIs) suggested that chlorhexidine (CH) or povidone-iodine (PVI) product was equally appropriate to be applied in preoperative disinfection, but which one was optimal remained ambiguous. Moreover, recent studies reported inconsistent results. Thus, an updated meta-analysis was conducted to clarify the superiority of CH or PVI for prevention of SSIs in clean and clean-contaminated surgery. METHODS: From the inception to November 2016, Pubmed, Embase, and the Cochrane library were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which explored preoperative antisepsis schemes (CH or PVI) for prevention of SSIs in clean and clean-contaminated surgery...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Yaara Forer, Colin Block, Shahar Frenkel
PURPOSE: The goal of this experiment was to evaluate and compare the antimicrobial efficacy of routine preoperative hand washing using commercial medicated sponge brushes versus an alcoholic hand rub, by comparing bacterial growth on ophthalmic surgeons' hands after application of each of these methods. METHODS: Twenty ophthalmic surgeons were recruited at the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem, Israel. Samples were collected twice from the hands of each surgeon after hand decontamination using two different protocols during routine surgical practice...
May 30, 2017: Current Eye Research
Fang Hua, Huixu Xie, Helen V Worthington, Susan Furness, Qi Zhang, Chunjie Li
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia developing in people who have received mechanical ventilation for at least 48 hours. VAP is a potentially serious complication in these patients who are already critically ill. Oral hygiene care (OHC), using either a mouthrinse, gel, toothbrush, or combination, together with aspiration of secretions, may reduce the risk of VAP in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral hygiene care on incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in hospital intensive care units (ICUs)...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nai Ming Lai, Nai An Lai, Elizabeth O'Riordan, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Jacqueline E Taylor, Kenneth Tan
BACKGROUND: The central venous catheter (CVC) is a device used for many functions, including monitoring haemodynamic indicators and administering intravenous medications, fluids, blood products and parenteral nutrition. However, as a foreign object, it is susceptible to colonisation by micro-organisms, which may lead to catheter-related blood stream infection (BSI) and in turn, increased mortality, morbidities and health care costs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of skin antisepsis as part of CVC care for reducing catheter-related BSIs, catheter colonisation, and patient mortality and morbidities...
July 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Liang Qin Liu, Sinead Mehigan
This systematic review aimed to critically appraise and synthesize updated evidence regarding the effect of surgical-scrub techniques on skin integrity and the incidence of surgical site infections. Databases searched include the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central. Our review was limited to eight peer-reviewed, randomized controlled trials and two nonrandomized controlled trials published in English from 1990 to 2015. Comparison models included traditional hand scrubbing with chlorhexidine gluconate or povidone-iodine against alcohol-based hand rubbing, scrubbing with a brush versus without a brush, and detergent-based antiseptics alone versus antiseptics incorporating alcohol solutions...
May 2016: AORN Journal
E-M Decker, V Bartha, A Kopunic, C von Ohle
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the therapy of destructive periodontal disease, chemical antimicrobial agents and increasingly photodynamic therapy (PDT) play an important adjunctive role to standard mechanical anti-infective treatment procedures. However, both antiseptic methods have their shortcomings in terms of eliminating periodontal pathogens. The aim of the study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of different antiseptic mouthrinses, of a conventional and a new, modified PDT(plus) as well as of the different antiseptic mouthrinses combined with either the conventional or the modified PDT(plus) against periopathogens...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
Nai Ming Lai, Jacqueline E Taylor, Kenneth Tan, Yao Mun Choo, Azanna Ahmad Kamar, Nor Asiah Muhamad
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVCs) provide secured venous access in neonates. Antimicrobial dressings applied over the CVC sites have been proposed to reduce catheter-related blood stream infection (CRBSI) by decreasing colonisation. However, there may be concerns on the local and systemic adverse effects of these dressings in neonates. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effectiveness and safety of antimicrobial (antiseptic or antibiotic) dressings in reducing CVC-related infections in newborn infants...
March 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Judith Tanner, Jo C Dumville, Gill Norman, Mathew Fortnam
BACKGROUND: Medical professionals routinely carry out surgical hand antisepsis before undertaking invasive procedures to destroy transient micro-organisms and inhibit the growth of resident micro-organisms. Antisepsis may reduce the risk of surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of surgical hand antisepsis on preventing surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients treated in any setting. The secondary objective is to determine the effects of surgical hand antisepsis on the numbers of colony-forming units (CFUs) of bacteria on the hands of the surgical team...
January 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jared M Criddle, Robert A Hieb, Sarah B White, Parag J Patel, Eric J Hohenwalter, Sean M Tutton, William S Rilling
PURPOSE: Prior studies have reported infection rates of converting non-tunneled dialysis catheters (NTDCs) to tunneled dialysis catheters (TDCs) versus de novo placement of TDCs using povidone-iodine. Chlorhexidine, per the Center of Disease Control guidelines, has been exclusively used in our institution since 2005. Therefore, our study aims to determine whether there is a difference in infection rates between conversion and de novo placement when utilizing chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis from 1/1/2009 to 8/10/2012 was performed of patients who underwent placement of NTDCs, which were subsequently converted to TDCs and those who underwent de novo TDC placement...
March 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Olivier Mimoz, Jean-Christophe Lucet, Thomas Kerforne, Julien Pascal, Bertrand Souweine, Véronique Goudet, Alain Mercat, Lila Bouadma, Sigismond Lasocki, Serge Alfandari, Arnaud Friggeri, Florent Wallet, Nicolas Allou, Stéphane Ruckly, Dorothée Balayn, Alain Lepape, Jean-François Timsit
BACKGROUND: Intravascular-catheter-related infections are frequent life-threatening events in health care, but incidence can be decreased by improvements in the quality of care. Optimisation of skin antisepsis is essential to prevent short-term catheter-related infections. We hypothesised that chlorhexidine-alcohol would be more effective than povidone iodine-alcohol as a skin antiseptic to prevent intravascular-catheter-related infections. METHODS: In this open-label, randomised controlled trial with a two-by-two factorial design, we enrolled consecutive adults (age ≥18 years) admitted to one of 11 French intensive-care units and requiring at least one of central-venous, haemodialysis, or arterial catheters...
November 21, 2015: Lancet
Margaret M Hannan, Katie E O'Sullivan, Ann M Higgins, Ann-Marie Murphy, James McCarthy, Edmund Ryan, John P Hurley
BACKGROUND: The use of 2% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol (CHG) has been associated with reduction in catheter-related bloodstream infections and surgical site infection (SSI) in general surgery. Also, improved awareness of best practice from the perspective of the operative team is likely to result in reductions in SSI rates. METHODS: This is an ambispective cohort study of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. Between January 2010 and December 2010, patients underwent surgical preparation using Alcohol Povidone Iodine (API)...
December 2015: Surgical Infections
Anirudh Srinivas, Lileswar Kaman, Prithivi Raj, Vikas Gautam, Divya Dahiya, Gurpreet Singh, Rajinder Singh, Bikash Medhi
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine-gluconate versus povidone iodine in preoperative skin preparation in the prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs) in clean-contaminated upper abdominal surgeries. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial conducted on patients undergoing clean-contaminated upper abdominal surgeries. A total of 351 patients 18-70 years old were randomized into two groups; chlorhexidine and povidone iodine skin preparation before surgery...
November 2015: Surgery Today
Diah R Hadiati, Mohammad Hakimi, Detty S Nurdiati, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: The risk of maternal mortality and morbidity (particularly postoperative infection) is higher for caesarean section than for vaginal birth. With the increasing rate of caesarean section, it is important that the risks to the mother are minimised as far as possible. This review focuses on different forms and methods for preoperative skin preparation to prevent infection. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of different agent forms and methods of preoperative skin preparation for preventing postcaesarean infection...
September 17, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Cynelle M Kunkle, Jennifer Marchan, Sara Safadi, Stephanie Whitman, Ramen H Chmait
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare the prevalence of positive bacterial cultures at the cesarean delivery (CD) incision site in patients with pre-operative application of chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) versus povidone iodine (PI). METHODS: Women undergoing a scheduled CD at ≥36 gestational weeks were randomly assigned to receive CG or PI. A swab of the incision site was performed at 3 min after disinfectant application and at 18 post-operative hours, and the prevalence of cultures with any detected bacterial growth was compared for the two groups...
March 2015: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Laura E Grimmer, Todd S Stafford, Steven Milman, Thomas Ng
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy of pre-operative Staphylococcus aureus (SA) screening and chlorhexidine chest scrub in decreasing the incidence of empyema after major pulmonary resections. METHODS: For two years, a strategy aimed at decreasing post-resection empyema was instituted. This entailed pre-operative screening for nasal SA and chlorhexidine chest scrub the night before surgery (Group Swab-Scrub, n=192). Patients screened positive for SA, methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive (MSSA), received 5 d of nasal mupirocin...
April 2014: Surgical Infections
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