keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic fatigue

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813821/gait-training-assist-system-of-a-lower-limb-prosthetic-visualizing-muscle-activation-pattern-using-a-color-depth-sensor
#1
Kunihiro Ogata, Tomoki Mita, Toshiaki Tsuji, Yoshio Matsumoto
Some unilateral lower-limb amputees load the intact limb more than the prosthetic limb. This can cause chronic pains, fatigue, lumbago, and joint diseases, including knee osteoarthritis. To avoid and counteract these symptoms it is necessary to improve their asymmetric gait. Increasing the function of the hip abductor muscle is important to maintaining symmetrical weight distribution. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a training assist system, which estimates and visualizes an abductor muscle by using a color-depth sensor...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812455/prognostic-factors-for-change-in-self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-in-spondyloarthritis-patients-data-from-the-population-based-spascania-cohort-from-southern-sweden
#2
Jjl Meesters, S Bergman, E Haglund, Lth Jacobsson, I F Petersson, A Bremander
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety and depression symptoms are more common in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) than in the general population. This study describes prognostic factors for change in self-reported anxiety and depression over 2 years in a well-defined SpA cohort. METHOD: In 2009, 3716 adult patients from the SpAScania cohort received a postal questionnaire to assess quality of life (QoL) and physical and mental functioning. A follow-up survey was performed in 2011...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812375/the-family-caregiver-experience%C3%A2-%C3%A2-examining-the-positive-and-negative-aspects-of-compassion-satisfaction-and-compassion-fatigue-as-caregiving-outcomes
#3
Susan H Lynch, Geoff Shuster, Marie L Lobo
OBJECTIVES: Caregiving results in both positive and negative outcomes for caregivers. The purpose of this study was to examine compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction in family caregivers. METHODS: Using a cross sectional descriptive survey design with a convenience sample, 168 family caregivers of individuals with chronic illness completed a web-based survey. Measures included a demographic questionnaire, Caregiver Burden Interview, Brief COPE inventory and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL)...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811366/inflammation-correlates-with-symptoms-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#4
Anthony L Komaroff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810460/exploring-our-understanding-of-fatigue-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-highlighting-the-unknown
#5
Maria Elizabeth Loades, Ashraf Kagee
Due to antiretroviral therapies, HIV is now a chronic illness rather than a terminal disease. Chronic symptoms, including fatigue, should be identified and managed to prevent or minimise their potential negative consequences. We apply a Symptom Management Model to conceptualise fatigue among adolescents with HIV. In the context of minimal research, we seek to identify a research agenda for resource-constrained contexts, where HIV prevalence remains high and treatment adherence is a significant problem. By better understanding and addressing the symptom of fatigue, treatment adherence, occupational, social and emotional functioning could be improved...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810458/cognitive-and-behavioral-coping-in-people-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-exploratory-study-searching-for-intervention-targets-for-depressive-symptoms
#6
Vivian Kraaij, Janneke Bik, Nadia Garnefski
The aim of the study was to find relevant coping factors for the development of psychological interventions for people with chronic fatigue syndrome who suffer from depressive symptoms. A total of 30 adults with chronic fatigue syndrome filled in the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the COPE and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The findings suggested that cognitive coping strategies have a stronger influence than behavioral coping strategies on depressive symptoms. Especially, the cognitive coping strategies refocusing positive, positive reappraisal and catastrophizing were of importance...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810428/how-have-selection-bias-and-disease-misclassification-undermined-the-validity-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-studies
#7
Luis Nacul, Eliana M Lacerda, Caroline C Kingdon, Hayley Curran, Erinna W Bowman
Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome has been a controversial diagnosis, resulting in tensions between patients and professionals providing them with care. A major constraint limiting progress has been the lack of a 'gold standard' for diagnosis; with a number of imperfect clinical and research criteria used, each defining different, though overlapping, groups of people with myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome. We review basic epidemiological concepts to illustrate how the use of more specific and restrictive case definitions could improve research validity and drive progress in the field by reducing selection bias caused by diagnostic misclassification...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810106/a-case-of-silent-q-fever-endocarditis
#8
Kashif Shaikh, Henry Travers, Amornpol Anuwatworn, Kalyan Potu, Brandy Pownell, Maria Stys, Adam Stys, Anoop Kumar
Q fever endocarditis is a rare, culture negative endocarditis caused by Coxiella burnetii, a spore-forming gram negative coccobacillus. Presenting symptoms can be very non-specific; thus, diagnosis may be delayed. We present a case of a 65-year-old male patient with history of aortic aneurysm who complained of chronic fatigue. He was found to have aortic valve vegetation on routine echocardiography. Q fever endocarditis was diagnosed based on elevated Q fever serology; there was absence of fever. This case illustrated a rare, under-recognized and atypical manifestation of Q fever endocarditis...
December 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809936/benefits-and-safety-of-gabapentinoids-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Harsha Shanthanna, Ian Gilron, Manikandan Rajarathinam, Rizq AlAmri, Sriganesh Kamath, Lehana Thabane, Philip J Devereaux, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) is very common, with a lifetime prevalence between 51% and 80%. In majority, it is nonspecific in nature and multifactorial in etiology. Pregabalin (PG) and Gabapentin (GB) are gabapentinoids that have demonstrated benefit in neuropathic pain conditions. Despite no clear rationale, they are increasingly used for nonspecific CLBP. They necessitate prolonged use and are associated with adverse effects and increased cost. Recent guidelines from the National Health Service (NHS), England, expressed concerns on their off-label use, in addition to the risk of misuse...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806608/differential-effects-of-childhood-trauma-subtypes-on-fatigue-and-physical-functioning-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#10
Maud De Venter, Jela Illegems, Rita Van Royen, Greta Moorkens, Bernard G C Sabbe, Filip Van Den Eede
OBJECTIVE: There is wide consensus that childhood trauma plays an important role in the aetiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The current study examines the differential effects of childhood trauma subtypes on fatigue and physical functioning in individuals suffering from CFS. METHODS: Participants were 155 well-documented adult, predominantly female CFS patients receiving treatment at the outpatient treatment centre for CFS of the Antwerp University Hospital in Belgium...
July 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805529/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-objective-assessments-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#11
Graham McPhee
Most evaluations of cognitive behavioural therapy to treat people with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis rely exclusively on subjective self-report outcomes to evaluate whether treatment is effective. Few studies have used measures appropriate to assessing whether cognitive behavioural therapy changes in more objective measures. A review of studies incorporating objective measures suggests that there is a lack of evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy produces any improvement in a patient's physical capabilities or other objective measures such as return to work...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805528/pace-investigators-response-is-misleading-regarding-patient-survey-results
#12
Karen D Kirke
The PACE investigators' citation of a patient survey might mislead readers into thinking that the experience of people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) supports PACE findings. In fact, patient survey evidence directly contradicts the results of the PACE trial. A review of survey data published between 2001 and 2015 reveals that for most patients, graded exercise therapy leads to worsening of symptoms, cognitive behavioural therapy leads to no change in symptoms, and pacing leads to improvement...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805527/bias-misleading-information-and-lack-of-respect-for-alternative-views-have-distorted-perceptions-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-its-treatment
#13
Ellen Goudsmit, Sandra Howes
The PACE trial is one of the most recent studies evaluating cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exercise therapy for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. These interventions are based on a model which assumes that symptoms are perpetuated by factors such as misguided beliefs and a lack of activity. Our analysis indicates that the researchers have shown significant bias in their accounts of the literature and may also have overstated the effectiveness of the above treatments. We submit that their approach to criticisms undermines the scientific process and is inconsistent with best practice...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805526/the-problem-of-bias-in-behavioural-intervention-studies-lessons-from-the-pace-trial
#14
Carolyn Wilshire
Geraghty's recent editorial on the PACE trial for chronic fatigue syndrome has stimulated a lively discussion. Here, I consider whether the published claims are justified by the data. I also discuss wider issues concerning trial procedures, researcher allegiance and participant reporting bias. Cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exercise therapy had modest, time-limited effects on self-report measures, but little effect on more objective measures such as fitness and employment status. Given that the trial was non-blinded, and the favoured treatments were promoted to participants as 'highly effective', these effects may reflect participant response bias...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805525/pace-gate-an-alternative-view-on-a-study-with-a-poor-trial-protocol
#15
Bart Stouten
The controversies surrounding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome are explained using Cohen's d effect sizes rather than arbitrary thresholds for 'success'. This article shows that the treatment effects vanish when switching to objective outcomes. The preference for subjective outcomes by the PACE trial team leads to false hope. This article provides a more realistic view, which will help patients and their doctors to evaluate the pros and cons...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805524/response-to-the-editorial-by-dr-geraghty
#16
Peter D White, Trudie Chalder, Michael Sharpe, Brian J Angus, Hannah L Baber, Jessica Bavinton, Mary Burgess, Lucy V Clark, Diane L Cox, Julia C DeCesare, Kimberley A Goldsmith, Anthony L Johnson, Paul McCrone, Gabrielle Murphy, Maurice Murphy, Hazel O'Dowd, Laura Potts, Rebacca Walwyn, David Wilks
This article is written in response to the linked editorial by Dr Geraghty about the adaptive Pacing, graded Activity and Cognitive behaviour therapy; a randomised Evaluation (PACE) trial, which we led, implemented and published. The PACE trial compared four treatments for people diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome. All participants in the trial received specialist medical care. The trial found that adding cognitive behaviour therapy or graded exercise therapy to specialist medical care was as safe as, and more effective than, adding adaptive pacing therapy or specialist medical care alone...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805523/the-pace-trial-it-s-time-to-broaden-perceptions-and-move-on
#17
Keith J Petrie, John Weinman
The continued critiques of the PACE trial highlight how differing beliefs about the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome still influence how scientific studies in this area are accepted and evaluated. Causal beliefs about chronic fatigue syndrome and a modern version of Cartesian dualism are important in understanding the reaction to the PACE trial. The continued debate on the PACE trial seems to miss the fact that science is incremental. An unfortunate outcome of the PACE controversy and intimidation of researchers may be less research in the area...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805522/pace-trial-claims-for-recovery-in-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-true-or-false-it-s-time-for-an-independent-review-of-the-methodology-and-results
#18
Charles Bernard Shepherd
The PACE trial set out to discover whether cognitive behaviour therapy and graded exercise therapy are safe and effective forms of treatment for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. It concluded that these interventions could even result in recovery. However, patient evidence has repeatedly found that cognitive behaviour therapy is ineffective and graded exercise therapy can make the condition worse. The PACE trial methodology has been heavily criticised by clinicians, academics and patients...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805520/pace-team-response-shows-a-disregard-for-the-principles-of-science
#19
Jonathan Edwards
The PACE trial of cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis has raised serious questions about research methodology. An editorial article by Geraghty gives a fair account of the problems involved, if anything understating the case. The response by White et al. fails to address the key design flaw, of an unblinded study with subjective outcome measures, apparently demonstrating a lack of understanding of basic trial design requirements. The failure of the academic community to recognise the weakness of trials of this type suggests that a major overhaul of quality control is needed...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805519/pace-trial-authors-continue-to-ignore-their-own-null-effect
#20
Mark Vink
Protocols and outcomes for the PACE trial were changed after the start of the trial. These changes made substantial differences, leading to exaggerated claims for the efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy and graded exercise therapy in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. The small, self-reported improvements in subjective measures cannot be used to say the interventions are effective, particularly in light of the absence of objective improvement. Geraghty's criticism of the trial was reasonable and supported by the evidence...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
keyword
keyword
6873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"