keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Calcitriol cell culture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115640/off%C3%A2-target-effect-of-imatinib-and-nilotinib-on-human-vitamin-d3-metabolism
#1
Lysann Kroschwald, Meinolf Suttorp, Josephine Tabea Tauer, Nick Zimmermann, Claudia Günther, Andrea Bauer
Prolonged treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) including imatinib (IMA) or nilotinib (NIL), induces severe disturbances of bone metabolism in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. As vitamin D3 (VD3) is involved in the complex cycle of bone remodelling, the present study investigated in vitro, the influence of IMA and NIL on VD3 metabolism i) in HaCaT cells and ii) in cultured outer root sheath keratinocytes (ORS‑KC) from hair follicles of IMA treated children. Cells were incubated in the presence of IMA or NIL...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107178/1-25-dihydroxycholecalciferol-calcitriol-modifies-uptake-and-release-of-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-in-skeletal-muscle-cells-in-culture
#2
M Abboud, M S Rybchyn, Y J Ning, T C Brennan-Speranza, C M Girgis, J E Gunton, D R Fraser, R S Mason
The major circulating metabolite of vitamin D3, 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D], has a remarkably long half-life in blood for a (seco)steroid. Data from our studies and others are consistent with the hypothesis that there is a role for skeletal muscle in the maintenance of vitamin D status. Muscle cells internalise vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) from the circulation by means of a megalin/cubilin plasma membrane transport mechanism. The internalised DBP molecules then bind to actin and thus provide an intracellular array of high affinity binding sites for its specific ligand, 25(OH)D...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089453/calcitriol-regulates-immune-genes-cd14-and-cd180-to-modulate-lps-responses-in-human-trophoblasts
#3
Mark S Longtine, Silvija Cvitic, Bryanne N Colvin, Baosheng Chen, Gernot Desoye, D Michael Nelson
We assessed the response of primary cultures of placental villous mononucleated trophoblasts and multinucleated syncytiotrophoblast to calcitriol, the most biologically active form of vitamin D. Whole-genome microarray data showed that calcitriol modulates the expression of many genes in trophoblasts within 6 hours of exposure and RT-qPCR revealed similar responses in cytotrophoblasts, syncytiotrophoblasts and villous explants. Both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts expressed genes for the vitamin D receptor, for LRP2 and CUBN that mediate internalization of calcidiol, for CYP27B1 that encodes the enzyme that converts calcidiol into active calcitriol, and for CYP24A1 that encodes the enzyme that modifies calcitriol and calcidiol to inactive calcitetrol...
December 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050663/vitamin-d-deficiency-induces-eosinophil-spontaneous-activation
#4
Huiying Lu, Rui-Di Xie, Ritian Lin, Cuicui Zhang, Xiao-Jun Xiao, Lin-Jing Li, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Li-Tao Yang, Bai-Sui Feng, Zhan-Ju Liu, Ping-Chang Yang
Eosinophils (Eo) play a critical role in immunity and immune inflammation. The maintenance of Eo homeostasis is not fully understood yet. Vitamin D (VitD) is involved in the regulation of a large number of biochemical reactions. This study tests a hypothesis that VitD receptor (VDR) contributes to the homeostasis of Eos. In this study, EoL-1 cells (an Eo cell line) were cultured in the presence or absence of calcitriol. The Eo-mediators, including major basic protein (MBP), Eo peroxidase (EPX), Eo cationic protein (ECP) and Eo-derived neurotoxin (EDN), were assessed in the culture supernatant and in EoL-1 cells...
October 12, 2017: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042175/calcitriol-promotes-proangiogenic-molecules-in-keratinocytes-in-a-diabetic-foot-ulcer-model
#5
Valentin Trujillo, Paulina Marín-Luevano, Irma González-Curiel, Adrián Rodríguez-Carlos, Maira Ramírez-Reyes, Esther Layseca-Espinosa, José A Enciso-Moreno, Lorenza Díaz, Bruno Rivas-Santiago
Foot ulceration is one of the most common and complex sequelae of diabetes mellitus, generally posing a therapeutic challenge due to poor healing responses and high rates of complications, including peripheral vascular disease, ischemia and infections. Calcitriol, the most active vitamin D metabolite, induces antimicrobial peptides production in keratinocytes from diabetic foot ulcers (DFU); however, little is known about its effects on angiogenic factors in this pathology. Herein we aimed at studying whether calcitriol induces angiogenic molecules in keratinocytes under normoxic and hypoxic conditions, and if these molecules are able to improve cell migration in vitro...
November 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039981/calcitriol-the-active-metabolite-of-vitamin-d3-inhibits-dry-eye-related-corneal-inflammation-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#6
Jing Zhang, Yiqin Dai, Dan Wu, Jianjiang Xu
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of topical administration of calcitriol on dry eye (DE) related corneal inflammation. METHODS: Benzalkonium chloride (BAC, 0.2%) was applied to induce DE. Then rats were treated topically with calcitriol (10(-6)μM). Tear break-up time (TBUT), fluorescein staining score, inflammatory index, and tear volume were measured. Corneal epithelium damage and corneal inflammation were examined by H&E staining or RT-qPCR. In vitro, human corneal epithelial cells (iHCEC) were cultured in hyperosmotic medium (450 mOsM) with various concentrations of calcitriol...
October 17, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938596/vitamin-d3-induces-vitamin-d-receptor-and-hdac11-binding-to-relieve-the-promoter-of-the-tight-junction-proteins
#7
Feng-Hua Liu, Shan-Shan Li, Xiao-Xi Li, Shuai Wang, Mao-Gang Li, Li Guan, Tian-Gang Luan, Zhi-Gang Liu, Zhan-Ju Liu, Ping-Chang Yang
Intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction and vitamin D (VitD)-deficiency play a critical role in a large number of diseases. The histone deacetylases (HDAC) are associated with a large number of immune diseases. This study tests a hypothesis that the interaction between VitD and HDAC is associated with the regulation of epithelial barrier functions. In this study, human intestinal epithelial cell line, T84 cells, was cultured into monolayers to be used as a model to test the epithelial barrier functions. We observed that in a VitD-deficient environment, the T84 monolayer barrier function was compromised...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885847/regulation-of-reduced-folate-carrier-rfc-by-vitamin-d-receptor-at-the-blood-brain-barrier
#8
Camille Alam, Md Tozammel Hoque, Richard H Finnell, I David Goldman, Reina Bendayan
Folates are essential for brain development and function. Folate transport in mammalian tissues is mediated by three major folate transport systems, i.e., reduced folate carrier (RFC), proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT), and folate receptor alpha (FRα), known to be regulated by ligand-activated nuclear receptors, such as vitamin D receptor (VDR). Folate uptake at the choroid plexus, which requires the actions of both FRα and PCFT, is critical to cerebral folate delivery. Inactivating FRα or PCFT mutations cause severe cerebral folate deficiency resulting in early childhood neurodegeneration...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814738/identification-of-novel-non-secosteroidal-vitamin-d-receptor-agonists-with-potent-cardioprotective-effects-and%C3%A2-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-devoid-of-hypercalcemia
#9
Santosh A Khedkar, Mohammed A Samad, Sangita Choudhury, Ji Yoo Lee, Dongsheng Zhang, Ravi I Thadhani, S Ananth Karumanchi, Alan C Rigby, Peter M Kang
Vitamin D regulates many biological processes, but its clinical utility is limited by its hypercalcemic effect. Using a virtual screening platform to search novel chemical probes that activate the vitamin D signaling, we report discovery of novel non-steroidal small-molecule compounds that activate the vitamin D receptor (VDR), but are devoid of hypercalcemia. A lead compound (known as VDR 4-1) demonstrated potent transcriptional activities in a VDR reporter gene assay, and significantly ameliorated cardiac hypertrophy in cell culture studies and in animal models...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676457/on-the-role-of-classical-and-novel-forms-of-vitamin-d-in-melanoma-progression-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Andrzej T Slominski, Anna A Brożyna, Cezary Skobowiat, Michal A Zmijewski, Tae-Kang Kim, Zorica Janjetovic, Allen S Oak, Wojciech Jozwicki, Anton M Jetten, Rebecca S Mason, Craig Elmets, We Li, Robert M Hoffman, Robert C Tuckey
Melanoma represents a significant clinical problem affecting a large segment of the population with a relatively high incidence and mortality rate. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is an important etiological factor in malignant transformation of melanocytes and melanoma development. UVB, while being a full carcinogen in melanomagenesis, is also necessary for the cutaneous production of vitamin D3 (D3). Calcitriol (1,25(OH)2D3) and novel CYP11A1-derived hydroxyderivatives of D3 show anti-melanoma activities and protective properties against damage induced by UVB...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573424/vitamin-d-inhibits-the-staphylococcal-enterotoxin-b-induced-expression-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-in-microglial-cells
#11
Jinggui He, Xiyun Guo, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Ping-Chang Yang, Shaobo Yang
Microglial cells play a crucial role in inflammatory responses in neural tissue. Vitamin D (VitD3) deficiency is associated with the pathogenesis of inflammation. Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is a superantigen and can initiate inflammation. This study tests a hypothesis that VitD3 deficiency upregulates the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in microglial cells. Microglial cells were isolated from the mouse brain. The microglial cells were cultured in the presence or absence of VitD3 or/and SEB...
August 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545072/effect-of-vitamin-d-on-endothelial-progenitor-cells-function
#12
Yoav Hammer, Alissa Soudry, Amos Levi, Yeela Talmor-Barkan, Dorit Leshem-Lev, Joel Singer, Ran Kornowski, Eli I Lev
BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are a population of bone marrow-derived cells, which have an important role in the process of endothelialization and vascular repair following injury. Impairment of EPCs, which occurs in patients with diabetes, was shown to be related to endothelial dysfunction, coronary artery disease (CAD) and adverse clinical outcomes. Recent evidence has shown that calcitriol, the active hormone of vitamin D, has a favorable impact on the endothelium and cardiovascular system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537926/vitamin-d3-induces-vitamin-d-receptor-and-hdac11-binding-to-relieve-the-promoter-of-the-tight-junction-proteins
#13
Feng-Hua Liu, Shan-Shan Li, Xiao-Xi Li, Shuai Wang, Mao-Gang Li, Li Guan, Tian-Gang Luan, Zhi-Gang Liu, Zhan-Ju Liu, Ping-Chang Yang
Intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction and vitamin D (VitD)-deficiency play a critical role in a large number of diseases. The histone deacetylases (HDAC) are associated with a large number of immune diseases. This study tests a hypothesis that the interaction between VitD and HDAC is associated with the regulation of epithelial barrier functions. In this study, human intestinal epithelial cell line, T84 cells, was cultured into monolayers to be used as a model to test the epithelial barrier functions. We observed that in a VitD-deficient environment, the T84 monolayer barrier function was compromised...
May 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492361/influence-of-rs2228570-on-transcriptional-activation-by-the-vitamin-d-receptor-in-human-gingival-fibroblasts-and-periodontal-ligament-cells
#14
Kaining Liu, Bing Han, Huanxin Meng, Jianxia Hou
BACKGROUND: Rs2228570 is the only known single nucleotide polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) that alters the protein structure. VDRs can be distinguished using the restriction endonuclease FokI, and accordingly divided into three genotypes: FF, Ff and ff. The influence of rs2228570 on transcriptional activation by VDR in human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs) and periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) was investigated in this study. METHODS: hGFs and hPDLCs from 15 donors were cultured, genomic DNA was extracted, and genotypes were determined using the PCR-RFLP method...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442641/regulation-of-uridine-diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase-2b15-expression-during-ovulation-in-the-rat
#15
Phuong T M Dam, You-Jee Jang, Jae-Il Park, Bum-Chae Choi, Sang-Jin Song, Sang-Young Chun
Uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15 (UGT2B15) conjugates 5α-androstane-3α, 17β-diol (3α-diol) to 3α-diol glucuronide (3α-diol G) in steroid target tissues. The present study investigated the regulation of UGT2B15 expression during the ovulatory process in the rat. Real-time PCR analysis revealed that treatment of immature rats with equine chorionic gonadotropin followed by human chorionic gonadotropin transiently stimulated UGT2B15 gene expression in granulosa cells of preovulatory follicles within 6 h...
April 22, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339837/vitamin-d-treatment-attenuates-cardiac-fgf23-fgfr4-signaling-and-hypertrophy-in-uremic-rats
#16
Maren Leifheit-Nestler, Alexander Grabner, Laura Hermann, Beatrice Richter, Karin Schmitz, Dagmar-Christiane Fischer, Christopher Yanucil, Christian Faul, Dieter Haffner
Background: Vitamin D deficiency and excess of circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) contribute to cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). FGF23 activates FGF receptor 4 and (FGFR4) calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling in cardiac myocytes, thereby causing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Here, we determined if 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (calcitriol) inhibits FGF23-induced cardiac signaling and LVH. Methods: 5/6 nephrectomized (5/6 Nx) rats were treated with different doses of calcitriol for 4 or 10 weeks and cardiac expression of FGF23/FGFR4 and activation of calcineurin/NFAT as well as LVH were analyzed...
September 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303937/vitamin-d-inhibits-lymphangiogenesis-through-vdr-dependent-mechanisms
#17
Saleh Yazdani, Fariba Poosti, Luis Toro, Johannes Wedel, Rik Mencke, Katarina Mirković, Martin H de Borst, J Steven Alexander, Gerjan Navis, Harry van Goor, Jacob van den Born, Jan-Luuk Hillebrands
Excessive lymphangiogenesis is associated with cancer progression and renal disease. Attenuation of lymphangiogenesis might represent a novel strategy to target disease progression although clinically approved anti-lymphangiogenic drugs are not available yet. VitaminD(VitD)-deficiency is associated with increased cancer risk and chronic kidney disease. Presently, effects of VitD on lymphangiogenesis are unknown. Given the apparently protective effects of VitD and the deleterious associations of lymphangiogenesis with renal disease, we here tested the hypothesis that VitD has direct anti-lymphangiogenic effects in vitro and is able to attenuate lymphangiogenesis in vivo...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219134/-role-of-nuclear-factor-of-activated-t-cells-cytoplasmic-1-on-vascular-calcification-in-rats-with-chronic-renal-failure
#18
J X Zhang, J S Xu, Y Y Han, Y L Bai, L W Cui, H R Zhang, S L Zhang
Objective: To explore the role of nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1) on vascular calcification in chronic renal failure rats. Methods: Nineteen male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated group (n=6), 5/6 Nephrectomy (Nx) group (n=6), 5/6 Nx+ calcitriol group (n=7). Vascular calcification was determined by von Kossa staining and orthocresolphthalein complexone (OCPC) method. Protein expressions of NFATc1 and runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) in aortas were measured by immunohistochemistry...
February 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161733/1%C3%AE-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-ameliorates-seawater-aspiration-induced-lung-injury-by-inhibiting-the-translocation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-rhoa
#19
Minlong Zhang, Faguang Jin
Our previous study have reported that 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol) suppresses seawater aspiration-induced ALI in vitro and in vivo. We also have confirmed that treatment with calcitriol ameliorates seawater aspiration-induced inflammation and pulmonary edema via the inhibition of NF-κB and RhoA/Rho kinase pathway activation. In our further work, we investigated the effect of calcitriol on nuclear translocation of NF-κB and membrane translocation of RhoA in vitro. A549 cells and rat pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (RPMVECs) were cultured with calcitriol or not for 48 h and then stimulated with 25% seawater for 40 min...
June 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160341/vitamin-d-regulates-immunoglobulin-mucin-domain-molecule-4-expression-in-dendritic-cells
#20
Z-Q Liu, M-G Li, X-R Geng, J Liu, G Yang, S-Q Qiu, Z-G Liu, P-C Yang
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cell (DC)-derived immunoglobulin domain molecule (TIM)4 plays a critical role in the initiation of T helper (Th)2 polarization. Vitamin D (VitD) involves the regulation of a number of immune responses. OBJECTIVES: This study tests a hypothesis that VitD regulates TIM4 expression in DCs. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and healthy subjects. DCs were isolated from the samples and analyzed for the expression of TIM4...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
keyword
keyword
68728
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"