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hydroxytyrosol

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815947/olive-oil-phenolics-prevent-oxysterol-induced-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-secretion-and-ros-production-in-human-pbmcs-through-modulation-of-p38-and-jnk-pathways
#1
Gessica Serra, Monica Deiana, Jeremy P E Spencer, Giulia Corona
SCOPE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) polyphenols to counteract the pro-inflammatory effects induced by dietary and endogenous oxysterols in ex-vivo immune cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), separated from the whole blood of healthy donors, were utilised and were stimulated with an oxysterols mixture, in the presence of physiologically relevant concentrations of the EVOO polyphenols, hydroxytyrosol (HT), tyrosol (TYR) and homovanillic alcohol (HVA)...
August 16, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796287/optimization-of-ripe-olive-processing-with-a-single-lye-treatment
#2
Manuel Brenes, Concepción Romero, Pedro García-García
The development of a method for darkening black ripe olives during the washing step with a single NaOH treatment and preservation liquid was studied. Olives of the Hojiblanca cultivar were darkened at pilot plant scale, packed, sterilized, and analyzed after 2 mo of storage at ambient temperature. It was found that the use of a mixture of preservation liquid:water at a ratio of 1:1 during the first washing gave rise to darker olives with slightly better firmness and no effect on sensory quality. However, care must be taken with the concentration of acetic acid in the preservation solution, as a content of this organic acid higher than 25 g/L can cause adverse effects on olive color due to the low pH that can be reached in the flesh of the fruit...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772080/hydroxytyrosol-regulates-the-autophagy-of-vascular-adventitial-fibroblasts-through-sirt1-mediated-signaling-pathway
#3
Weirong Wang, Ting Jing, Xiaofeng Yang, Yanhao He, Bo Wang, Yunfang Xiao, Chenxu Shang, Jiye Zhang, Rong Lin
Hydroxytyrosol (HT), a phenolic compound in olive oil, exerts anti-inflammatory effect in cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies found that autophagy was a therapeutic target of diseases. However, the effect of HT on autophagy in vascular adventitial fibroblasts (VAFs) remains unknown. Thus, in this study, we aimed to determine the effect of HT on cell autophagy and related signaling pathway, and whether HT regulates the inflammatory response through autophagy in VAFs. Our results showed that HT promoted cell autophagy by increasing the conversion of LC3 and Beclin1 expression and the autophagic flux in VAFs stimulated with TNF-α...
August 3, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771173/fate-and-prediction-of-phenolic-secoiridoid-compounds-throughout-the-different-stages-of-the-virgin-olive-oil-making-process
#4
Giuseppe Fregapane, M Desamparados Salvador
The evolution of the main phenolic secoiridoid compounds throughout the different stages of the virgin olive oil making process-crushing, malaxation and liquid-solid separation-is studied here, with the goal of making possible the prediction of the partition and transformation that take place in the different steps of the process. The concentration of hydroxytyrosol secoiridoids produced under the different crushing conditions studied are reasonably proportional to the intensity of the milling stage, and strongly depend on the olive variety processed...
August 3, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768425/antibacterial-activity-of-hydroxytyrosol-acetate-from-olive-leaves-olea-europaea-l
#5
Jianteng Wei, Shuxian Wang, Dong Pei, Liangjing Qu, Ya Li, Jianjun Chen, Duolong Di, Kun Gao
Vibrio spp. are pathogens of many bacterial diseases which have caused great economic losses in marine aquaculture. The strategy of alternative medical treatment that is utilised by herbalists has expanded in the past decade. The aim of our study is to discover the antibacterial molecules against Vibrio spp. Bacterial growth inhibition, membrane permeabilisation assessment and DNA interaction assays, as well as agarose gel electrophoresis, were employed to elucidate the antibacterial activity of hydroxytyrosol acetate...
August 2, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764085/effect-of-light-irradiation-on-the-antioxidant-stability-of-oleuropein
#6
Edoardo Longo, Ksenia Morozova, Matteo Scampicchio
The stability of oleuropein, a natural antioxidant from Olea europaea, has been often studied in connection with thermal or enzymatic treatments, but very little is known about the effects of UV light. This work aimed at studying the UV-C effects on oleuropein standard solutions once dissolved in ethanol or water. During irradiation, aliquots were taken and analyzed by a flow injection system equipped with a multi-channel coulometric detector and a high-resolution mass spectrometer. The effects of irradiation were also studied by UV spectroscopy...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731131/assessment-of-the-antioxidant-activity-of-an-olive-oil-total-polyphenolic-fraction-and-hydroxytyrosol-from-a-greek-olea%C3%A2-europea-variety-in-endothelial-cells-and-myoblasts
#7
Paraskevi Kouka, Alexandros Priftis, Dimitrios Stagos, Apostolis Angelis, Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Nikos Xinos, Alexios-Léandros Skaltsounis, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Demetrios Kouretas
Olive oil (OO) constitutes the basis of the Mediterranean diet, and it seems that its biophenols, such as hydroxytyrosol (HT) may scavenge free radicals, attracting distinct attention due to their beneficial effects in many pathological conditions, such as cancer. To the best of our knowedge, this is the first study in which the functional properties of an OO total polyphenolic fraction (TPF) and pure HT were examined in order to determine their antioxidant effects at a cellular level in endothelial cells and myoblasts...
September 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720933/bioaccessibility-of-hydroxytyrosol-and-n-3-fatty-acids-as-affected-by-the-delivery-system-simple-double-and-gelled-double-emulsions
#8
Susana Cofrades, Ricard Bou, Linda Flaiz, Alba Garcimartín, Juana Benedí, Raquel Mateos, Francisco J Sánchez-Muniz, Raúl Olivero-David, Francisco Jiménez-Colmenero
This study examines the influence of different food-grade n-3 PUFA-enriched simple emulsion (SE), double emulsion (DE) and gelled double emulsion (GDE) delivery systems on the extent of lipolysis, antioxidant capacity and the bioaccessibility of hydroxytyrosol (HTy). GDE emulsion offered better protection for HTy (89%) than the other systems (79% in SE and DE). The reducing capacity of the emulsions containing HTy were not altered during oral digestion. However, "in vitro" gastric and intestinal phases significantly reduced the antioxidant activity of all systems...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718667/hydroxytyrosol-induces-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest-and-suppresses-multiple-oncogenic-signaling-pathways-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#9
Haseeb Zubair, Arun Bhardwaj, Aamir Ahmad, Sanjeev Kumar Srivastava, Mohammad Aslam Khan, Girijesh Kumar Patel, Seema Singh, Ajay Partap Singh
SCOPE: Hydroxytyrosol (HT), a polyphenol from olives, is a potential anticancer agent. This study was designed to evaluate the anticancer activity of HT against prostate cancer cells, and the mechanism thereof. METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment of LNCaP and C4-2 prostate cancer cells with HT resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of proliferation. This was in contrast to HT's ineffectiveness against normal prostate epithelial cells RWPE1 and PWLE2, suggesting cancer-cell-specific effect...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711992/oleuropein-and-hydroxytyrosol-inhibit-the-n-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine-induced-neutrophil-degranulation-and-chemotaxis-via-akt-p38-and-erk1-2-map-kinase-inhibition
#10
Samia Bedouhene, Farida Moulti-Mati, Pham My-Chan Dang, Jamel El-Benna
PURPOSE: Oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol are polyphenols that are extracted from olives and are major biological active components of olives and olive oil. Oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol exhibit interesting pharmacological effects on cells, and have been shown to have many health benefits such as anti-inflammatory effects. These effects were mainly attributed to their ability to scavenge the reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by phagocytes such as neutrophils. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol on other neutrophil functions...
July 15, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689060/proteomic-evaluation-of-mouse-adipose-tissue-and-liver-following-hydroxytyrosol-supplementation
#11
João Tomé-Carneiro, M Carmen Crespo, Estefanía García-Calvo, José L Luque-García, Alberto Dávalos, Francesco Visioli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is the primary phenolic compound of olives, virgin olive oil, and their byproducts. Proteomic analysis of metabolically active tissues helps elucidating novel mechanisms of action and potential targets in cardiometabolic disease. Thus, we aimed at determining the impact of long-term HT supplementation on the proteome of adipose and liver tissue, in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice received either a control diet or a diet supplemented with nutritionally relevant doses of HT for eight weeks...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673363/a-red-yeast-rice-olive-extract-supplement-reduces-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-oxldl-and-lp-pla2-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Nina Hermans, Anastasia Van der Auwera, Annelies Breynaert, Annelies Verlaet, Tess De Bruyne, Luc Van Gaal, Luc Pieters, Veronique Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) refers to clustered cardiovascular risk factors (abdominal obesity, pre-diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipidaemia). Therapies targeting oxidative stress may delay progression to atherosclerosis and diabetes. We investigated the anti-oxidative effect of a supplement combining red yeast rice and olive extract in patients with MetS. METHODS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial was conducted with 50 patients with MetS as defined by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria...
July 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662386/phenols-recovery-after-steam-explosion-of-olive-mill-solid-waste-and-its-influence-on-a-subsequent-biomethanization-process
#13
Antonio Serrano, Fernando G Fermoso, Bernabé Alonso-Fariñas, Guillermo Rodríguez-Gutierrez, Juan Fernandez-Bolaños, Rafael Borja
A promising source of high added value compounds is the Olive Mill Solid Waste (OMSW). The aim of this research was to evaluate the viability of a biorefinery approach to valorize OMSW through the combination of steam explosion, phenols extraction, and anaerobic digestion. Steam explosion treatment increased the total phenol content in the steam exploited OMSW, which was twice than that the total phenol content in raw OMSW, although some undesirable compounds were also formed. Phenol extraction allowed the recovery of 2098mg hydroxytyrosol per kg of OMSW...
June 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579756/effect-of-a-food-supplement-containing-berberine-monacolin-k-hydroxytyrosol-and-coenzyme-q10-on-lipid-levels-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#14
Sergio D'Addato, Luciana Scandiani, Giuliana Mombelli, Francesca Focanti, Federica Pelacchi, Enrica Salvatori, Giorgio Di Loreto, Alessandro Comandini, Pamela Maffioli, Giuseppe Derosa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of the new food supplement, Body Lipid (BL), containing red yeast rice, berberine, coenzyme Q10 and hydroxytyrosol, to lower the LDL-C in patients with mild-to-moderate hypercholesterolemia and to assess the overall safety profile of the product. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo and active comparator (the marketed Armolipid Plus(®) [AM]) controlled study, 158 hypercholesterolemic patients were randomized following a 4-week dietary run-in period...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576392/enzymatic-tailoring-of-oleuropein-from-olea-europaea-leaves-and-product-identification-by-hrms-ms-spectrometry
#15
Efstratios Nikolaivits, Aikaterini Termentzi, Alexios-Leandros Skaltsounis, Nikolas Fokialakis, Evangelos Topakas
Oleuropein, a bioactive compound found in all parts of olive tree, especially in leaves and branches, presents numerous health promoting properties that increase research and market interest the last few years. In addition, oleuropein degradation products, such as hydroxytyrosol, elenolic acid, and the aglycones also exhibit biological activities with different properties compared to the starting compound. Under this view, a commercial lipase preparation Lipolase 100L and a thermophilic β-glucosidase from Myceliophthora thermophila were used for the regioselective hydrolysis of oleuropein towards the production of the corresponding biologically active compounds...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570659/caffeic-acid-and-hydroxytyrosol-have-anti-obesogenic-properties-in-zebrafish-and-rainbow-trout-models
#16
Esmail Lutfi, Patrick J Babin, Joaquim Gutiérrez, Encarnación Capilla, Isabel Navarro
Some natural products, known sources of bioactive compounds with a wide range of properties, may have therapeutic values in human health and diseases, as well as agronomic applications. The effect of three compounds of plant origin with well-known dietary antioxidant properties, astaxanthin (ATX), caffeic acid (CA) and hydroxytyrosol (HT), on zebrafish (Danio rerio) larval adiposity and rainbow trout (Onchorynchus mykiss) adipocytes was assessed. The zebrafish obesogenic test (ZOT) demonstrated the anti-obesogenic activity of CA and HT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566694/production-of-three-phenylethanoids-tyrosol-hydroxytyrosol-and-salidroside-using-plant-genes-expressing-in-escherichia-coli
#17
Daeun Chung, So Yeon Kim, Joong-Hoon Ahn
Polyphenols, which include phenolic acids, flavonoids, stilbenes, and phenylethanoids, are generally known as useful antioxidants. Tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, and salidroside are typical phenylethanoids. Phenylethanoids are found in plants such as olive, green tea, and Rhodiola and have various biological activities, including the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and brain damage. We used Escherichia coli to synthesize three phenylethanoids, tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, and salidroside. To synthesize tyrosol, the aromatic aldehyde synthase (AAS) was expressed in E...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554640/inhibition-of-%C3%AE-glucosidase-and-%C3%AE-amylase-by-spanish-extra-virgin-olive-oils-the-involvement-of-bioactive-compounds-other-than-oleuropein-and-hydroxytyrosol
#18
Jacinta Collado-González, Clara Grosso, Patricia Valentão, Paula B Andrade, Federico Ferreres, Thierry Durand, Alexandre Guy, Jean-Marie Galano, Arturo Torrecillas, Ángel Gil-Izquierdo
Despite the wide use of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) to combat several diseases, the antidiabetic and anti-cholinesterase activity of Spanish EVOO have not been assessed. In order to evaluate which compounds are responsible for these activities of five Spanish EVOOs, in addition to flavonoids, we investigated for the first time the effect of the contents of carotenoids, fatty acids (FAs), and phytoprostanes (PhytoPs) on four enzymes: α-glucosidase, α-amylase, acetylcholinesterase, and butyrylcholinesterase...
November 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545153/polyphenols-and-iugr-pregnancies-maternal-hydroxytyrosol-supplementation-improves-prenatal-and-early-postnatal-growth-and-metabolism-of-the-offspring
#19
Marta Vazquez-Gomez, Consolación Garcia-Contreras, Laura Torres-Rovira, José Luis Pesantez, Pedro Gonzalez-Añover, Ernesto Gomez-Fidalgo, Raúl Sanchez-Sanchez, Cristina Ovilo, Beatriz Isabel, Susana Astiz, Antonio Gonzalez-Bulnes
Hydroxytyrosol is a polyphenol with antioxidant, metabolism-regulatory, anti-inflammatory and immuno-modulatory properties. The present study aimed to determine whether supplementing the maternal diet with hydroxytyrosol during pregnancy can improve pre- and early post-natal developmental patterns and metabolic traits of the offspring. Experiment was performed in Iberian sows fed a restricted diet in order to increase the risk of IUGR. Ten sows were treated daily with 1.5 mg of hydroxytyrosol per kg of feed between Day 35 of pregnancy (30% of total gestational period) until delivery whilst 10 animals were left untreated as controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538693/preparation-characterization-and-antioxidant-activity-evaluation-of-liposomes-containing-water-soluble-hydroxytyrosol-from-olive
#20
Jiao-Jiao Yuan, Frank G F Qin, Jun-Ling Tu, Bing Li
Due to the multiple hydroxyl groups in its structure, hydroxytyrosol (HT) is very sensitive to air and light and has very strong instability and hydrophilicity that affect its biological activity. This study attempted to prepare liposomes containing water-soluble HT to improve the bioavailability and biocompatibility of the target drug. The preparation process factors (temperature, mass ratio of phospholipid (PL) and cholesterol (CH), Tween-80 volume, HT mass) were studied and response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the conditions...
May 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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