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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676961/development-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-new-anatomically-based-prosthetic-alignment-method-for-below-knee-prosthesis
#1
Nahid Tafti, Masoud Karimlou, Mohammad Ali Mardani, Amir Salar Jafarpisheh, Gholam Reza Aminian, Reza Safari
The objectives of current study were to a) assess similarities and relationships between anatomical landmark-based angles and distances of lower limbs in unilateral transtibial amputees and b) develop and evaluate a new anatomically based static prosthetic alignment method. First sub-study assessed the anthropometrical differences and relationships between the lower limbs in the photographs taken from amputees. Data were analysed via paired t-test and regression analysis. Results show no significant differences in frontal and transverse planes...
April 20, 2018: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676839/analgesic-consumption-trajectories-in-8-975-patients-1-year-after-fast-track-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty
#2
C C Jørgensen, M Petersen, H Kehlet, E K Aasvang
BACKGROUND: Persistent or increased long-term opioid consumption has previously been described following total hip- (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, detailed information on postoperative analgesic consumption trajectories and risk factors associated with continued need of analgesics in fast-track THA and TKA is sparse. METHODS: Descriptive multicenter study in primary unilateral fast-track THA or TKA with prospective data on patient characteristics and information on reimbursement entitled dispensed prescriptions of paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, anticonvulsants, and antidepressants one month preoperatively and one year postoperatively...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676809/prevalence-of-maternal-birth-trauma-in-nepali-women
#3
Friyan Turel, Delena Caagbay, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic organ prolapse is very common among women in Nepal, especially uterine prolapse. This would suggest a high rate of levator trauma, which is a strong predictor of such prolapse in the Western world. Hence, we decided to study the prevalence of maternal birth trauma in Nepali women. METHODS: In November 2016, we offered an interview, clinical examination, and 4-dimensional translabial sonography to women attending a gynecology clinic. Of 129 women seen, 5 were excluded due to previous pelvic surgery...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676331/cervicofacial-emphysema-following-unilateral-external-dacryocystorhinostomies-a-case-report
#4
Ziya Akingol, Safak Karslioglu, Didem Serin
Cervicofacial emphysema (CFE), mostly seen after trauma or dental procedures, is an unexpected, extremely rare condition after uncomplicated dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). It may be misdiagnosed as angioedema or necrotizing fasciitis. In this article, we present the case of a 40-year-old female with CFE twice after uncomplicated unilateral DCR for left and right sides on different operative days. CFE was confirmed by computed tomography, demonstrating extensive air within subcutaneous tissues of the face, neck, and orbital cavity...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676329/optic-nerve-aplasia-a-case-series
#5
K Samyukta Sadasivan, Neelam Pawar, Meenakshi Ravindran, Ramakrishnan Rengappa
Optic nerve aplasia (ONA) is a congenital optic nerve anomaly characterized by the absence of optic nerve head, retinal blood vessels, retinal ganglion cells, and optic nerve fibers in a malformed eye. Clinically, the condition presents with the absence of perception of light, afferent pupillary defect and a fundus appearance of absent optic nerve head, and retinal vessels with associated ocular and nonocular abnormalities. Systemic anomalies have been reported with bilateral ONA, whereas unilateral ONA is seen in otherwise healthy individuals...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676310/comparative-analysis-of-non-absorbable-10-0-nylon-sutures-with-absorbable-10-0-vicryl-sutures-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#6
Jyoti Matalia, Pratibha Panmand, Pooja Ghalla
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to compare the efficiency as well as the rate and type of suture-related complications between 10-0 monofilament nylon (Aurolab Nylon Sutures, double arm, Aurolab) and 10-0 polyglactin 910 sutures (Vicryl, single arm, Aurolab) for pediatric cataract surgery. Methods: It is a prospective, comparative study performed in children who underwent surgery for congenital or developmental cataract from March 2013 to February 2016. Patients underwent suturing with either nylon or Vicryl in unilateral cases, but in most bilateral surgeries, one eye received Vicryl sutures while the other eye received nylon...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676210/reduced-purposeful-head-movements-during-community-ambulation-following-unilateral-vestibular-loss
#7
Serene Sulyn Paul, Leland E Dibble, Raymond G Walther, Clough Shelton, Richard Klaus Gurgel, Mark Eric Lester
BACKGROUND: Individuals with unilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH) alter their movement and reduce mobility to try to stabilize their gaze and avoid symptoms of dizziness and vertigo. OBJECTIVE: To determine if individuals with UVH 6 weeks after surgery demonstrate altered head and trunk kinematics during community ambulation. METHODS: A total of 15 vestibular schwannoma patients with documented postoperative unilateral vestibular loss and 9 healthy controls with symmetrical vestibulo-ocular reflexes participated in this cross-sectional study...
April 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675966/unilateral-cervical-plexus-block-for-prosthetic-laryngoplasty-in-the-standing-horse
#8
L Campoy, T Morris, N Ducharme, R Gleed, M Martin-Flores
BACKGROUND: Locoregional anaesthetic techniques can facilitate certain surgeries being performed under standing procedural sedation. The second and third spinal cervical nerves (C2, C3) are part of the cervical plexus and provide sensory innervation to the peri-laryngeal structures in people; block of these nerves might permit laryngeal lateralisation surgery in horses. OBJECTIVES: To describe the anatomical basis for an ultrasound-guided cervical plexus block in horses...
April 20, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675356/-in-vivo-fluorescence-imaging-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-a-novel-gpc3-specific-aptamer-probe
#9
Menglong Zhao, Lili Dong, Zhuang Liu, Shuohui Yang, Weizhong Wu, Jiang Lin
Background: Glypican-3 (GPC3) is highly expressed in most of the hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), even in small HCCs. It may be used as a potential biomarker for early detection of HCC. The aptamer is a promising targeting agent with unique advantages over antibody. This study was to introduce a novel GPC3 specific aptamer (AP613-1), to verify its specific binding property in vitro , and to evaluate its targeting efficiency in vivo by performing near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging on an HCC xenograft model...
March 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675347/anisometropia-and-refractive-status-in-children-with-unilateral-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#10
Adnan Aslam Saleem, Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Umair Wakeel, Muhammad Asif
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the refractive status and thereby assess anisometropia in children with unilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). STUDY DESIGN: This study design was a descriptive cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION: this study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismology, Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi; from August 2013 to July 2014. METHODOLOGY: This study assessed consecutive children with unilateral CNLDO...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675342/surgical-treatment-of-unilateral-severe-simple-congenital-ptosis
#11
REVIEW
Ju-Hyang Lee, Yoon-Duck Kim
Unilateral congenital ptosis with poor levator function of ≤4 mm continues to be a difficult challenge for the oculoplastic surgeon. Surgical correction can be accomplished with unilateral frontalis suspension, maximal levator resection, or bilateral frontalis suspension with or without levator muscle excision of the normal eyelid. Bilateral frontalis suspension was proposed by Beard and Callahan to overcome the challenge of postoperative asymmetry, allowing symmetrical lagophthalmos on downgaze, postoperatively...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675069/moyamoya-vasculopathy-in-indian-children-our-experience
#12
Varsha Anant Patil, Shilpa Dattaprasanna Kulkarni, Chandrashekhar E Deopujari, Naresh K Biyani, Anaita H Udwadia-Hegde, Krishnakumar N Shah
Background: Moyamoya vasculopathy is a chronic progressive vaso-occlusive disease affecting the distal intracranial carotid arteries and their proximal branches. It is an important cause of recurrent strokes in children. Surgical revascularization procedures are now considered as the treatment option for moyamoya vasculopathy. The data from Indian children with moyamoya vasculopathy are limited to a very few studies. Study Design: We analyzed the records of children with moyamoya vasculopathy treated at our tertiary care center from 2000 to 2014...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674653/pedobarographic-analysis-following-ponseti-treatment-for-unilateral-neglected-congenital-clubfoot
#13
Chao Xu, Jie Wei, Ya-Bo Yan, Lei Shang, Xiao-Jiang Yang, Lu-Yu Huang, Wei Lei
Recent trends have led to an interest in Ponseti treatment for correcting neglected congenital clubfoot. Although good clinical and functional outcomes have been reported, the plantar pressure distribution after the treatment of neglected clubfoot has not been explored yet. The present study aimed to investigate whether plantar pressures normalized following Ponseti treatment in patients with neglected congenital clubfoot. Pedobarographic, clinical, and functional examinations were performed in 22 children (aged, 91...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674631/orally-active-species-independent-novel-a-3-adenosine-receptor-antagonist-protects-against-kidney-injury-in-db-db-mice
#14
Debra Dorotea, Ahreum Cho, Gayoung Lee, Guideock Kwon, Junghwa Lee, Pramod K Sahu, Lak Shin Jeong, Dae Ryong Cha, Hunjoo Ha
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease, and the current pharmacological treatment for DKD is limited to renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors. Adenosine is detectable in the kidney and is significantly elevated in response to cellular damage. While all 4 known subtypes of adenosine receptors, namely, A1 AR, A2a AR, A2b AR, and A3 AR, are expressed in the kidney, our previous study has demonstrated that a novel, orally active, species-independent, and selective A3 AR antagonist, LJ-1888, ameliorates unilateral ureteral obstruction-induced tubulointerstitial fibrosis...
April 20, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674622/il-33-st2-axis-mediates-hyperplasia-of-intrarenal-urothelium-in-obstructive-renal-injury
#15
Wei-Yu Chen, Jenq-Lin Yang, Yi-Hsiu Wu, Lung-Chih Li, Ru-Fang Li, Ya-Ting Chang, Lo-Hsin Dai, Wan-Chen Wang, Ya-Jen Chang
The monolayered intrarenal urothelium covers the renal papilla and ureteropelvic junction (UPJ). In response to increased renal pressure during obstruction or ischemic injuries, intrarenal urothelial cells begin to proliferate and form a multilayered urothelium. Little is known regarding the mechanism and pathophysiological role of urothelium hyperplasia during renal obstruction. In this study, we investigated the expression of interleukin (IL)-33, an IL-1 family cytokine, in kidneys with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced obstructive injury...
April 20, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674485/management-of-endocrine-disease-diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-aldosteronism-the-endocrine-society-guideline-2016-revisited
#16
Tracy Ann Williams, Martin Reincke
The syndrome of primary aldosteronism (PA) is characterized by hypertension with excessive, autonomous aldosterone production and is usually caused by either a unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (BAH). The diagnostic workup of PA is a sequence of three phases comprising screening tests, confirmatory tests and the differentiation of unilateral from bilateral forms. The latter step is necessary to determine the optimal treatment approach of unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy (for patients with unilateral PA) or medical treatment with a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (for patients with bilateral PA)...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673921/bicyclist-s-vulva-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aspects
#17
A Grouin, S Rouquette, M Saïdani, S Henno, V Lavoué, J Levêque
The authors report a case of a rare vulvar condition in a young cyclist, known as bicyclist's vulva. The diagnosis was based on the clinical context (intensive cycling training with repeated saddle sores, responsible for painless unilateral swelling of the labium majus to a significant size and functional discomfort). Imaging examinations were used to characterise the lesion and its relationship with the pelvic organs. The lesion was composed of connective tissue, poorly demarcated and heavily collagenised without necrotic or haemorrhagic areas...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673849/relationship-between-intracapsular-fracture-patterns-and-arthroscopic-findings
#18
Ko Ito, Fumie Yamazaki, Kosuke Takahashi, Shinnosuke Nogami, Toshirou Kondoh, Alastair Goss
PURPOSE: To observe the superior joint compartment (SJC) using ultrathin arthroscopy in intracapsular condylar fracture (ICF) of the temporomandibular joint, describe the changes, and evaluate the relations among fracture pattern, arthroscopic findings, and clinical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with 27 ICFs were the subject group. Thirteen patients had unilateral ICF and 7 had bilateral ICF. The fracture patterns were classified into 9 categories, and all patients had arthroscopic examination of the traumatized joint at the time of definitive treatment...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673818/bilateral-temporal-extradural-hematoma-on-top-of-bilateral-temporal-arachnoid-cyst-first-case-report-and-extensive-literature-review
#19
Munzir Abbas, Sami Khairy, Mohammad AlWohaibi, Ahmed Aloriadi, Waleed Waslallah AlQurashi
BACKGROUND: The traumatic complication of an arachnoid cyst (AC) with intra-cystic and subdural hematoma has been reported in many cases. However, a unilateral extradural hematoma (EDH) as a complication of AC is extremely rare. Most arachnoid cysts are unilateral and are located in the middle cranial fossa. Bilateral temporal AC alone is an extremely rare condition, and a bilateral EDH on top of a bilateral temporal AC has never been reported in the literature. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 25-year-old male with a known bilateral AC who was involved in a car accident and developed a bilateral temporal EDH...
April 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673566/apparent-motion-perception-in-lower-limb-amputees-with-phantom-sensations-obstacle-shunning-and-obstacle-tolerance
#20
Gianluca Saetta, Ilva Grond, Peter Brugger, Bigna Lenggenhager, Anthony J Tsay, Melita J Giummarra
Phantom limbs are the phenomenal persistence of postural and sensorimotor features of an amputated limb. Although immaterial, their characteristics can be modulated by the presence of physical matter. For instance, the phantom may disappear when its phenomenal space is invaded by objects ("obstacle shunning"). Alternatively, "obstacle tolerance" occurs when the phantom is not limited by the law of impenetrability and co-exists with physical objects. Here we examined the link between this under-investigated aspect of phantom limbs and apparent motion perception...
March 21, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
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