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Urine metabolic screen

Julian A Michely, Sascha K Manier, Achim T Caspar, Simon D Brandt, Jason Wallach, Hans H Maurer
3-Methoxyphencyclidine (3-MeO-PCP) and 3-methoxyrolicyclidine (3-MeO-PCPy) are two new psychoactive substances (NPS). The aims of the present study were the elucidation of their metabolic fate in rat and pooled human liver microsomes (pHLM), the identification of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes involved, and the detectability using standard urine screening approaches (SUSA) after intake of common users' doses using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), liquid chromatography-multi-stage mass spectrometry (LC-MSn), and liquid chromatography-high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-HR-MS/MS)...
October 18, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
Chiguru Vishnuvardhan, Saibaba Baikadi, Roshan M Borkar, R Srinivas, N Satheeshkumar
Silodosin (SLD) is a novel α1-adrenoceptor antagonist which has shown promising clinical efficacy and safety in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, lack of information about metabolism of SLD prompted us to investigate metabolic fate of SLD in rats. To identify in vivo metabolites of SLD, urine, feces and plasma were collected from Sprague-Dawley rats after its oral administration. The samples were prepared using an optimized sample preparation approach involving protein precipitation followed by solid-phase extraction and then subjected to LC/HR-MS/MS analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
Andrea E Steuer, Elena Williner, Sandra Staeheli, Thomas Kraemer
Increasing numbers of new psychoactive substances (NPS) among them fentanyl derivatives has been reported by the European monitoring centre for drugs and drug addiction (EMCDDA). Butyrfentanyl is a new fentanyl derivative whose potency ratio was found to be seven compared to morphine and 0.13 compared to fentanyl. Several case reports on butyrfentanyl intoxications have been described. Little is known about its pharmacokinetic properties including its metabolism. However, knowledge of metabolism is essential for analytical detection in clinical and forensic toxicology...
October 13, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Reza Najafi, Mahin Hashemipour, Omid Yaghini, Fatemeh Najafi, Amirsalar Rashidianfar
CONTEXT: Aminoacidopathies refer to defects in protein synthesis pathways which result in a range of biochemical disorders and clinical presentations. The enzyme defects in intermediate metabolic pathways lead to accumulation of one or more amino acids or metabolites. Despite higher prevalence rates, screening infants for inherited metabolic disorders is not run in many Middle East countries. AIM: This research is part of a larger study of inherited metabolic disorders to characterize and measure the prevalence of aminoacidopathies...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jing Xu, Yanhua Chen, Ruiping Zhang, Jiuming He, Yongmei Song, Jingbo Wang, Huiqing Wang, Luhua Wang, Qimin Zhan, Zeper Abliz
We performed a metabolomics study using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) combined with multivariate data analysis (MVDA) to discriminate global urine profiles in urine samples from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients and healthy controls (NC). Our work evaluated the feasibility of employing urine metabolomics for the diagnosis and staging of ESCC. The satisfactory classification between the healthy controls and ESCC patients was obtained using the MVDA model, and obvious classification of early-stage and advanced-stage patients was also observed...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Geoffrey D Miller, Vinod Nair, M Scott Morrison, Maggie Summers, Stuart E Willick, Daniel Eichner
The laboratory profile of intranasal testosterone gel has not been previously reported from an anti-doping perspective. Because intranasal testosterone gel is newly available as a commercial product, we sought to examine the laboratory parameters following administration of this formulation, with particular attention to anti-doping guidelines. Five healthy and active male subjects were administered testosterone intranasal gel three times daily for four weeks, using a five consecutive days on, two days off, pattern...
October 7, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Leniza G De Castro-Hamoy, Mary Anne D Chiong, Sylvia C Estrada, Cynthia P Cordero
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare inborn error of metabolism resulting from a deficiency in the branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex. MSUD has been reported to be the most common inborn error of metabolism in the Philippines. We described all patients with maple syrup urine disease patients diagnosed through newborn screening during its first 2 years of implementation and the challenges encountered during their medical management. There were 24 patients diagnosed with maple syrup urine disease for the 2-year period...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Community Genetics
Lore Geldof, Koen Deventer, Kris Roels, Eva Tudela, Peter Van Eeno
SR9009 and SR9011 are attractive as performance-enhancing substances due to their REV-ERB agonist effects and thus circadian rhythm modulation activity. Although no pharmaceutical preparations are available yet, illicit use of SR9009 and SR9011 for doping purposes can be anticipated, especially since SR9009 is marketed in illicit products. Therefore, the aim was to identify potential diagnostic metabolites via in vitro metabolic studies to ensure effective (doping) control. The presence of SR9009 could be demonstrated in a black market product purchased over the Internet...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jiajia Cui, Yuetao Liu, Yinghuan Hu, Jiayu Tong, Aiping Li, Tingli Qu, Xuemei Qin, Guanhua Du
Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is one of the most important pre-cancerous states with a high prevalence. Exploring of the underlying mechanism and potential biomarkers is of significant importance for CAG. In the present work, (1)H NMR-based metabonomics with correlative analysis was performed to analyze the metabolic features of CAG. 19 plasma metabolites and 18 urine metabolites were enrolled to construct the circulatory and excretory metabolome of CAG, which was in response to alterations of energy metabolism, inflammation, immune dysfunction, as well as oxidative stress...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Thomas Piper, Wilhelm Schänzer, Mario Thevis
Testosterone (T) misuse still represents a major problem in sports drug testing. Many strategies have been developed and applied to routine doping controls in recent years to enable both to identify suspicious samples in initial testing procedures and to confirm the exogenous origin of urinary T by means of carbon isotope ratio (CIR) determinations. Depending on the tested individual's genotype of UGT2B17, significantly different amounts of T are glucuronidated and excreted, which results in unaffected T/epitestosterone ratios after T misuse in those subjects with the deletion/deletion polymorphism (del/del)...
September 20, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Yang Li, Ying Peng, Mengyue Wang, Guisheng Zhou, Yulong Zhang, Xiaobo Li
Cistanches Herba is a famous traditional Chinese medicine that has been in use for treating kidney deficiency, impotence, female infertility, morbid leucorrhea, profuse metrorrhagia, and senile constipation. With the exception of studies available for a few single active ingredients such as echinacoside, acteoside, and poliumoside, comprehensive and systematic studies on in vivo metabolism of Cistanches Herba are lacking despite its widespread clinical application. There is no comparative study yet on the metabolites resulting from the traditional usage of Cistanche deserticola and C...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Michael A Darracq, Stephen L Thornton, Alicia B Minns, Roy R Gerona
BACKGROUND: We present a case of "ecstasy" ingestion revealing 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and 3,4-dimethoxyamphetamine (3,4-DMA) and absence of cytochrome P450 (CYP)-2D6 MDMA metabolites. CASE REPORT: A 19-year-old presented following a seizure. Initial vital signs were normal. Laboratories were normal with the exception of sodium 127 mEq/L and urine drugs of abuse screen positive for amphetamines. Twelve hours later, serum sodium was 114 mEq/L and a second seizure occurred...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Stephen Flach, Graeme Scarfe, Jeffrey Dragone, Jie Ding, Mark Seymour, Mike Pennick, Todd Pankratz, Steven Troy, Jay Getsy
PURPOSE: Chronic constipation is a prevalent gastrointestinal disorder globally. It is often treated with medications such as laxatives. Newer therapies to improve gastric motility include the selective 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor-4 agonist prucalopride, which is licensed for the treatment of chronic constipation in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties and excretion of prucalopride in healthy individuals, using a microtracer approach with (14)C radioactivity detection using liquid scintillation counting and accelerator mass spectrometry...
September 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Somayeh Ahmadloo, Saeed Talebi, Mohammad Miryounesi, Parvin Pasalar, Mohammad Keramatipour
OBJECTIVE: Methylmalonic acidura (MMA) is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism. In this study we present a novel nucleotide change in the mutase (MUT) gene of two unrelated Iranian pedigrees and introduce the methods used for its functional analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two probands with definite diagnosis of MMA and a common novel variant in the MUT were included in a descriptive study. Bioinformatic prediction of the splicing variant was done with different prediction servers...
2016: Cell Journal
Ya Z Liu, Keqi Wang, Xiang Li, Bin Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to provide reasonable guidelines for type II diabetes patients with proteinuria to recover their metabolic parameters. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in selected groups of type 2 diabetic patients. Hypoglycemic and antihypertensive drug use was recorded. Certain physical examinations were conducted including routine urine test, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), metabolic parameters of blood glucose and lipid, and other biochemical indicators...
December 2016: Minerva Endocrinologica
Hong Wang, Xia Wang, Yingying Li, Wei Dai, Dongmei Jiang, Xiaodong Zhang, Yali Cui
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively diagnose and confirm inherited metabolic diseases (IMD), from a small population of IMD high-risk patients, with the aid of gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS), technologies yet to be popularized in Sichuan, China. METHODS: Using GC-MS/MS coupled with clinical diagnosis, we retrospectively analyzed samples of dried blood spots and urine specimen from 183 IMD high-risk infant patients, who visited the West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University between June 2013 and October 2015...
September 6, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Shuang Wang, Pengcheng Qi, Na Zhou, Minmin Zhao, Weijing Ding, Song Li, Minyan Liu, Qiao Wang, Shumin Jin
Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs) have gained increasing popularity in modern society. However, the profiles of TCMs in vivo are still unclear owing to their complexity and low level in vivo. In this study, UPLC-Triple-TOF techniques were employed for data acquiring, and a novel pre-classification strategy was developed to rapidly and systematically screen and identify the absorbed constituents and metabolites of TCMs in vivo using Radix glehniae as the research object. In this strategy, pre-classification for absorbed constituents was first performed according to the similarity of their structures...
October 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Bernard Chamontin, Florent Seguro, Nicolas Touront, Béatrice Bouhanick
The purpose is to consider the practical management of etiological work up in hypertension, beyond national or international recommendations, leading to consider the prior practice of hormonal assays or renal, renovascular or adrenal imaging. The ease of access to imaging, difficulties to meet the requirements to obtain reliable hormonal assays explain the use of first-line imaging in clinical practice. The renal and adrenal CT angiography provides diagnostic orientation without allowing a formal conclusion...
August 31, 2016: La Presse Médicale
Naoto Tani, Tomomi Michiue, Jian-Hua Chen, Shigeki Oritani, Takaki Ishikawa
A severely malnourished, Japanese female in her twenties was found dead in her apartment. On autopsy, most of the findings from the internal examination were suggestive of hypothermia. Postmortem biochemistry, however, showed severely increased levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood and urine glucose levels. Levels of acetone, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetate in various body fluids were also highly increased, indicating ketosis. The serum insulin and c-peptide levels were severely low, and subsequent testing was positive for anti-GAD antibodies...
September 2016: Legal Medicine
Ana Rita Lima, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Márcia Carvalho, Paula Guedes de Pinho
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among men in Western countries. Current screening techniques are based on the measurement of serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels and digital rectal examination. A decisive diagnosis of PCa is based on prostate biopsies; however, this approach can lead to false-positive and false-negative results. Therefore, it is important to discover new biomarkers for the diagnosis of PCa, preferably noninvasive ones...
August 2016: Translational Oncology
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