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Nurhidayatul Asma Mohamad, Shuhaimi Mustafa, Nur Fadhilah Khairil Mokhtar, Aly Farag El Sheikha
BACKGROUND: The pharmaceutical industry has boosted the gelatin consumption worldwide. This is supported by the availability of cost-effective gelatin production from porcine by-products. However, cross-contamination in gelatin materials where porcine gelatin was unintentionally included in the other animal sources of gelatin that caused significant concerns about halal authenticity. As known, the real-time PCR has provided highly specific and sensitive animal species detection method in various food products...
March 5, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Omnia Ahmed Mohamed Abed El-Gaphar, Amira M Abo-Youssef, Gouda Kamel Halal
Levetiracetam (LEV), a novel anti-epileptic drug that has been demonstrated with an anti-inflammatory effect, but the exact mechanisms of its action remain to be fully defined. The present study aimed to evaluate the possible effects of LEV on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced Janus kinase-signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) as well as toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/ mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways activation in adjuvant induced arthritis (AIA). Rats were allocated into normal control, three arthritic control groups: Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) (0...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Bárbara Biduski, Wyller Max Ferreira da Silva, Rosana Colussi, Shanise Lisie de Mello El Halal, Loong-Tak Lim, Álvaro Renato Guerra Dias, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze
Gelatinization and retrogradation, influenced by amylose and amylopectin ratio, are important characteristics for elaboration starch hydrogels. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of amylose content and the gelatinization method on the physicochemical characteristics of native and cross-linked rice starch hydrogels. The native and cross-linked starches were gelatinized with heating or alkaline solution, added polyvinyl alcohol, frozen and then freeze-dried. The cross-linked starch had a low final viscosity (101...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Camila Dos Santos Halal, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Magda Lahorgue Nunes
Self-limited epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes is the most common paediatric epileptic syndrome, with growing evidence linking it to various degrees and presentations of neuropsychological dysfunction. The objective of this study is to evaluate the possible sleep macro and microstructural alterations in children with this diagnosis. A systematic review of published manuscripts was carried out in Medline, LILACS and Scielo databases, using the MeSH terms epilepsy, sleep and polysomnography . From 753 retrieved references, 5 were selected, and data from macro and, when available, microstructure of sleep were extracted...
October 2017: Sleep Science
Pascal Clerc, Pauline Jeanjean, Nicolas Hallalli, Michel Gougeon, Bernard Pipy, Julian Carrey, Daniel Fourmy, Véronique Gigoux
Therapeutic strategies using drugs which cause Lysosomal Cell Death have been proposed for eradication of resistant cancer cells. In this context, nanotherapy based on Magnetic Intra-Lysosomal Hyperthermia (MILH) generated by magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) that are grafted with ligands of receptors overexpressed in tumors appears to be a very promising therapeutic option. However, mechanisms whereby MILH induces cell death are still elusive. Herein, using Gastrin-grafted MNPs specifically delivered to lysosomes of tumor cells from different cancers, we provide evidences that MILH causes cell death through a non-apoptotic signaling pathway...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Anis Hamizah, Ademola Monsur Hammed, Tawakalit Tope Asiyanbi-H, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed Mirghani, Irwandi Jaswir, Nurrulhidayah Binti Ahamad Fadzillah
The consumers interest in gelatin authentication is high due to allergic reactions and adoption of Halal and Kosher eating cultures. This research investigated browning development due to enzymatic hydrolysis and presence of Cu(2+) during Maillard reaction of fish, porcine, and bovine gelatin. The rate of browning index samples showed two phases-rapid and slow-for all the gelatin samples and changes in browning index (ΔBindex) were increased (>100%) in presence of Cu(2+). ΔBindex of enzymatic hydrolysates were different among the gelatin species...
2017: International Journal of Food Science
Luciana Prietto, Vania Zanella Pinto, Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Michele Greque de Morais, Jorge Alberto Vieira Costa, Loong-Tak Lim, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze
BACKGROUND: pH-sensitive indicator membranes, which are useful for pharmaceutical, food, and packaging applications, can be formed by encapsulating halochromic compounds within various solid supports. Accordingly, electrospinning is a versatile technique for the development of these indicators, by entrapping pH dyes within ultrafine polymer fibers. RESULTS: The ultrafine zein fibers, containing 5% (w/v) anthocyanins, had an average diameter of 510 nm. The pH-sensitive membrane exhibited color changes from pink to green when exposed to acidic and alkaline buffers, respectively...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
A Alan Moghissi, Lisa M Jaeger, Dania Shafei, Lindsey L Bloom
This paper provides an overview of the evolution of food labeling in the USA. It briefly describes the three phases of agricultural development consisting of naturally occurring, cross-bred, and genetically engineered, edited or modified crops, otherwise known as Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). It uses the Best Available Regulatory Science (BARS) and Metrics for Evaluation of Regulatory Science Claims (MERSC) to evaluate the scientific validity of claims applicable to GMO and the Best Available Public Information (BAPI) to evaluate the pronouncements by public media and others...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
Ali Ahmed, Kah Seng Lee, Allah Bukhsh, Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Long Chiau Ming, Tahir Mehmood Khan
The increase in Muslim parents' refusal and hesitancy to accept childhood vaccination was identified as one of the contributing factors in the increase of vaccine-preventable diseases cases in countries such as Afghanistan, Malaysia and Pakistan. The spread of inaccurate and irresponsible information by the anti-vaccination movement may inflict more harm than good on Muslim communities. To curb this issue, health authorities in Pakistan and Malaysia have resorted to imposing strict punishments on parents who refuse to allow their children to be vaccinated...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Rozalio Halal, Johnny Nohra, Hadi Akel
Amelogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder that affects the structure of enamel and consequently the function, esthetics, and psychology of young patients. Restoring the dentition of a child with minimal tooth preparation is achievable with polymer-infiltrated ceramics. The treatment of a 12-year-old child presenting with amelogenesis imperfecta is described. An in-office computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) system and polymer-infiltrated ceramic blocks were used in a noninvasive procedure...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Gillian K SteelFisher, Robert J Blendon, Sherine Guirguis, William Lodge, Hannah Caporello, Vincent Petit, Michael Coleman, Matthew R Williams, Sardar Mohammad Parwiz, Melissa Corkum, Scott Gardner, Eran N Ben-Porath
BACKGROUND: Eradication of poliovirus from endemic countries relies on vaccination of children with oral polio vaccine (OPV) many times a year until the age of 5 years. We aimed to determine caregivers' commitment to OPV in districts of Afghanistan at high risk for polio transmission and to examine what knowledge, attitudes, or experiences could threaten commitment. METHODS: We designed and analysed a poll using face-to-face interviews among caregivers of children under 5 years of age...
November 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Michael Lockerbie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Veterinary Record
Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini, Riccardo Troncone, Musa Khormi, Muath AlTuraiki, Wahid Alkhamis, Mona Alrajhi, Thana Halal, Mosa Fagih, Sahar Alharbi, Muhammed Salman Bashir, Aziz Alami Chentoufi
OBJECTIVES: We conducted this mass screening study to determine the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) and characterize the celiac iceberg among Saudi pediatric population in Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: During the study period (January 2014-June 2016), we have conducted a cross-sectional, mass screening, immunoglobulin A-tissue transglutaminase (TTG-IgA)-based study on 7930 Saudi students from primary and intermediate schools in Riyadh. Students with positive TTG-IgA (>20 U/L) were called in the hospital to undergo a repeat of TTG-IgA; in those with borderline positive TTG-IgA (20-60 U/L), IgA-endomyseal antibody (EMA-IgA) test was performed...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Muhammad Sohaib, Faraz Jamil
Livestock is considered central component in agricultural sector of Pakistan, provides employment to more than 8 million families. Meat and meat products holds pivotal significance in meeting dietary requirements serving as major protein source and provide essential vitamins and minerals. Globally, consumer demand is increasing for healthy, hygienic and safe meat and meat products due to growing population, income level and food choices. As, food choices are mainly influenced by region, religion and economic level...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Priscilla D'amico, Nicolò Vitelli, Beniamino Cenci Goga, Daniele Nucera, Francesca Pedonese, Alessandra Guidi, Andrea Armani
In the European Union, slaughter without stunning is allowed for religious slaughter to obtain halal and kosher meat. Especially in the case of Jewish slaughtering, cuts which are not deemed as kosher are sold to regular market without any specific labelling. This survey, conducted in Tuscany in 2016, aimed to quantify the carcasses rejected in relation to the type of religious slaughter. 656 bovines were slaughtered without stunning: 538 (82%) for halal and 118 (18%) for kosher. All carcasses slaughtered by the Islamic procedure (dhabiha) were considered halal, while 77...
December 2017: Meat Science
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Veterinary Record
Jagadeesan Premanandh, Samara Bin Salem
Abusive business practices are increasingly evident in consumer packaged goods. Although consumers have the right to protect themselves against such practices, rapid urbanization and industrialization result in greater distances between producers and consumers, raising serious concerns on the supply chain. The operational complexities surrounding halal authentication pose serious challenges on the integrity of consumer packaged goods. This article attempts to address the progress and challenges associated with halal authentication...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Alaa Aldin Abdel Hamid, Almraghy Yousry, Safwat Abd El Radi, Omar Mamdouh Shabaan, Elzahry Mazen, Halal Nabil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of ectopic pregnancy in cases presented to the Woman's Health Hospital (WHH) in Assuit University, and to perform clinical audit on strategies for management of ectopic pregnancy in the WHH. METHODS: This descriptive hospital based study was conducted at the Woman's Health Hospital (WHH) of Assuit University (Egypt). There were 210 patients who were admitted to the WHH with the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the period between February 1, 2015 through the end of October 2015...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
Mohammad Naqib Hamdan, Mark J Post, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Amin Rukaini Mustafa
Cultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha'), an ijtihad by contemporary jurists must look for and provide answers for every technology introduced, whether it comply the requirements of Islamic law or not...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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