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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088897/multiplex-pcr-as-a-rapid-and-sensitive-method-for-identification-of-meat-species-in-halal-meat-products
#1
Mahsa Alikord, Javad Keramat, Mahdi Kadivar, Hassan Momtaz, Mohammad Naghi Eshtiaghi, Aziz Homayouni Rad
BACKGROUND: Species identification and authentication in meat products are important subjects for ensuring the health of consumers. The multiplex-PCR amplification and species-specific primer set were used for identification of horse, donkey, pig and other ruminants in raw and processed meat products. METHODS: Oligonucleotid primers were designed for amplification of species-specific mitochondrial DNA sequences of each species and samples were prepared from binary meat mixtures...
January 13, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088037/assessment-of-the-meat-quality-of-lamb-m-longissimus-thoracis-et-lumborum-and-m-triceps-brachii-following-three-different-halal-slaughter-procedures
#2
A S Danso, R I Richardson, R Khalid
A total of fifteen male and fifteen female lambs were allocated to three groups of ten animals and subjected to: traditional Halal slaughter without stunning (TNS); slaughter following electric head-only stunning (EHOS) or; post-cut electric head-only stun (PCEHOS) and their meat quality was determined. Instrumental and sensory analyses were carried out on two muscles; M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) and M. triceps brachii (TB). Additionally, the effects of sex and muscle type were also assessed. No differences were found among slaughter methods for pH, drip loss and shear force...
January 4, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040164/bacteriocin-like-substances-of-lactobacillus-curvatus-p99-characterization-and-application-in-biodegradable-films-for-control-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-cheese
#3
Juliana de Lima Marques, Graciele Daiana Funck, Guilherme da Silva Dannenberg, Claudio Eduardo Dos Santos Cruxen, Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias, Ângela Maria Fiorentini, Wladimir Padilha da Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a biodegradable film, with antimicrobial metabolites produced by Lactobacillus curvatus P99 incorporated, targeting the control of Listeria monocytogenes in sliced "Prato" cheese. Tests were performed to evaluate the spectrum of action of cell-free supernatant (CFS) of P99 against different microorganisms, as well as to detect the minimum inhibitory (MIC) and bactericidal (MBC) concentrations against L. monocytogenes Scott A. The detection of genes that encode for the production of bacteriocins and evaluation of their expression were performed...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979137/acetylated-rice-starches-films-with-different-levels-of-amylose-mechanical-water-vapor-barrier-thermal-and-biodegradability-properties
#4
Rosana Colussi, Vânia Zanella Pinto, Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Bárbara Biduski, Luciana Prietto, Danilo Dufech Castilhos, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias
Biodegradable films from native or acetylated starches with different amylose levels were prepared. The films were characterized according to the mechanical, water vapor barrier, thermal, and biodegradability properties. The films from acetylated high amylose starches had higher moisture content and water solubility than the native high amylose starch film. However, the acetylation did not affect acid solubility of the films, regardless of the amylose content. Films made from high and medium amylose rice starches were obtained; however low amylose rice starches, whether native or acetylated, did not form films with desirable characteristics...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979128/molecular-structure-functionality-and-applications-of-oxidized-starches-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Nathan Levien Vanier, Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze
During oxidation, the hydroxyl groups of starch molecules are first oxidized to carbonyl groups, then to carboxyl groups. The contents of the carbonyl and carboxyl groups in a starch molecule therefore indicate the extent of starch oxidation. The mechanisms of starch oxidation with different oxidizing agents, including sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, ozone and sodium periodate, are described in this review. The effects of these oxidizing agents on the molecular, physicochemical, thermal, pasting and morphological properties of starch are described as well...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979125/cellulose-fibers-extracted-from-rice-and-oat-husks-and-their-application-in-hydrogel
#6
Jean Paulo de Oliveira, Graziella Pinheiro Bruni, Karina Oliveira Lima, Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Gabriela Silveira da Rosa, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze
The commercial cellulose fibers and cellulose fibers extracted from rice and oat husks were analyzed by chemical composition, morphology, functional groups, crystallinity and thermal properties. The cellulose fibers from rice and oat husks were used to produce hydrogels with poly (vinyl alcohol). The fibers presented different structural, crystallinity, and thermal properties, depending on the cellulose source. The hydrogel from rice cellulose fibers had a network structure with a similar agglomeration sponge, with more homogeneous pores compared to the hydrogel from oat cellulose fibers...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965405/critical-limits-for-the-control-points-for-halal-poultry-slaughter
#7
Intan Azura Shahdan, Joe Mac Regenstein, Mohammad Tariqur Rahman
This study proposes critical limits (CL) for control points for halal slaughter (CPHS). Previously, 6 control points (CP) were determined, and CL for these 6 CPHS are suggested based on: 1) a literature survey for the CL for CP 1 (poultry breeding, rearing, and poultry feed) and CP 2 (welfare of poultry during transportation and lairage); 2) a field survey of slaughter plants in Kuantan (Malaysia) for CP 3 (immobilization), CP 4 (slaughter), CP 5 (time for full bleed-out), and CP 6 (washing and packaging); and 3) controlled experiments to refine the CL for CP 3, 4, and 5...
December 13, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904427/prevalence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-enterobacteriaceae-on-hands-of-workers-in-halal-cattle-abattoirs-in-peninsular-malaysia
#8
Bahri Mohd Tamrin Shamsul, Muhammad Tukur Adamu, Mohd Nasir Mohd Desa, Siti Khairani-Bejo
BACKGROUND: Several occupational diseases of multiple origins are encountered among abattoir workers. Presence of indicator microorganisms (coliforms) on hands of workers can be used a gauge for hygienic practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the prevalence of E.coli and enterobacteriaceae among Halal abattoir workers in some government halal abattoirs of Malaysia. A total of one hundred and sixty-five hand swab samples were collected from workers of Halal abattoirs in Malaysia...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756497/assessment-of-bacterial-superficial-contamination-in-classical-or-ritually-slaughtered-cattle-using-metagenetics-and-microbiological-analysis
#9
N Korsak, B Taminiau, C Hupperts, L Delhalle, C Nezer, V Delcenserie, G Daube
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the slaughter technique (Halal vs Classical slaughter) on the superficial contamination of cattle carcasses, by using traditional microbiological procedures and 16S rDNA metagenetics. The purpose was also to investigate the neck area to identify bacteria originating from the digestive or the respiratory tract. Twenty bovine carcasses (10 from each group) were swabbed at the slaughterhouse, where both slaughtering methods are practiced. Two swabbing areas were chosen: one "legal" zone of 1600cm(2) (composed of zones from rump, flank, brisket and forelimb) and locally on the neck area (200cm(2))...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737415/health-professionals-perceptions-about-the-decision-making-process-in-the-care-of-pediatric-patients
#10
Eliana de Andrade Trotta, Fernanda Cristina Scarpa, Michel George El Halal, José Roberto Goldim, Paulo Roberto Antonacci Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perceptions of physicians, nurses and nursing technicians of their participation in the decision-making process surrounding life support limitation in terminally ill pediatric patients, with comparisons by professional category. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary public university hospital with the participation of physicians, nurses and nursing technicians. The MacArthur Admission Experience Survey Voice Scale was used to assess and quantify the perceptions of professionals who assisted 17 pediatric patients with life support limitation within 24 hours after the outcome of each patient was determined...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716560/the-perception-and-acceptability-of-pre-slaughter-and-post-slaughter-stunning-for-halal-production-the-views-of-uk-islamic-scholars-and-halal-consumers
#11
Awal Fuseini, Steve B Wotton, Phil J Hadley, Toby G Knowles
The importance of religious slaughter from economic, emotive and ethical viewpoints is significant. There are apparent economic benefits associated with trading in meats slaughtered according to religious traditions. Some religious authorities insist on the slaughter of animals without stunning, but this, according to many researchers, compromises animal welfare. We conducted a survey of Islamic scholars and Halal consumers, 66 scholars from 55 organisations and 314 consumers from 54 UK cities/towns were surveyed...
January 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606072/at-slaughtering-and-post-mortem-characteristics-on-traditional-market-ewes-and-halal-market-ewes-in-tuscany
#12
Clara Sargentini, Roberto Tocci, Matteo Campostrini, Eleonora Pippi, Valeria Iaconisi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was the comparison between the carcass and the meat ewes of the regional Traditional market and the Islamic religious (Halal) market. METHODS: Thirty and 20 at the end of career traditional market and Halal market ewes were slaughtered following the EC (European Council, 2009) animal welfare guidelines. Live weight of ewes was taken and dressing percentage of carcasses was calculated. On every carcass zoometric measurement and the evaluation trough the EU grid rules were performed...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596409/changes-in-properties-of-starch-isolated-from-whole-rice-grains-with-brown-black-and-red-pericarp-after-storage-at-different-temperatures
#13
Valmor Ziegler, Cristiano Dietrich Ferreira, Jorge Tiago Schwanz Goebel, Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Gabriela Soster Santetti, Luiz Carlos Gutkoski, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze, Moacir Cardoso Elias
The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical, morphological, crystallinity, thermal, and pasting properties of starches isolated from rice grains with brown, black, and red pericarp. Starch was isolated from the rice grains at initial storage time, and after 6months of storage at different storage temperatures (16, 24, 32 and 40°C). Starch isolated from the grains stored for 6months at 40°C showed darker coloration, surface deformation of granules, and a significant reduction in the extraction yield, final viscosity, enthalpy, and crystallinity, independent of the grain pericarp coloration...
February 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590170/infant-sleep-hygiene-counseling-sleep-trial-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ina S Santos, Diego G Bassani, Alicia Matijasevich, Camila S Halal, Bianca Del-Ponte, Suélen Henriques da Cruz, Luciana Anselmi, Elaine Albernaz, Michelle Fernandes, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Mariangela F Silveira, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems in childhood have been found to be associated with memory and learning impairments, irritability, difficulties in mood modulation, attention and behavioral problems, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Short sleep duration has been found to be associated with overweight and obesity in childhood. This paper describes the protocol of a behavioral intervention planned to promote healthier sleep in infants. METHODS: The study is a 1:1 parallel group single-blinded randomized controlled trial enrolling a total of 552 infants at 3 months of age...
September 2, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507447/impact-of-acid-and-oxidative-modifications-single-or-dual-of-sorghum-starch-on-biodegradable-films
#15
Bárbara Biduski, Francine Tavares da Silva, Wyller Max da Silva, Shanise Lisie de Mello El Halal, Vania Zanella Pinto, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of acid and oxidation modifications on sorghum starch, as well as the effect of dual modification of starch on the physical, morphological, mechanical, and barrier properties of biodegradable films. The acid modification was performed with 3% lactic acid and the oxidation was performed with 1.5% active chlorine. For dual modification, the acid modification was performed first, followed by oxidation under the same conditions as above. Both films of the oxidized starches, single and dual, had increased stiffness, providing a higher tensile strength and lower elongation when compared to films based on native and single acid modified starches...
January 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468102/efficient-halal-bleeding-animal-handling-and-welfare-a-holistic-approach-for-meat-quality
#16
Z A Aghwan, A U Bello, A A Abubakar, J C Imlan, A Q Sazili
Traditional halal slaughter and other forms of religious slaughter are still an issue of debate. Opposing arguments related to pre-slaughter handling, stress and pain associated with restraint, whether the incision is painful or not, and the onset of unconsciousness have been put forward, but no consensus has been achieved. There is a need to strike a balance between halal bleeding in the light of science and animal welfare. There is a paucity of scientific data with respect to animal welfare, particularly the use of restraining devices, animal handling, and efficient halal bleeding...
November 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413352/the-enlightenment-from-malaysian-consumers-perspective-toward-cosmetic-products
#17
Ain Ayob, Ammar Ihsan Awadh, Juliana Jafri, Shazia Jamshed, Hawa Mas Azmar Ahmad, Hazrina Hadi
BACKGROUNDS: Variety of cosmetic products was used in our daily life, yet the amount and types of the cosmetic products used by the consumers were varied, which may be due to the different perspectives held by each of the consumers. OBJECTIVES: To explore consumers' perspectives toward cosmetic products. METHODS: An interview guide was developed with a set of 12 semistructured questions. Participants in Kuantan, Pahang were recruited via the purposive sampling, and they undergo in-depth face-to-face interviews...
July 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404914/attitudes-toward-medication-assisted-treatment-among-fishermen-in-kuantan-malaysia-who-inject-drugs
#18
Shan-Estelle Brown, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Alyssa R Pelletier, Ruthanne M Marcus, Rebecca Erenrich, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
Fishermen who inject drugs represent an understudied group at high risk for HIV in Malaysia. This study describes fishing, drug use, and attitudes toward medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorders. Thirty-four male ethnic Malay fishermen completed semistructured interviews analyzed by content analysis. Analysis revealed four themes surrounding opioids, which they called ubat ("medicine"): (a) the fishing lifestyle facilitating substance use, (b) previous unsuccessful attempts to quit, (c) categorizing substances as haram or halal, and (d) attitudes toward MAT...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179149/halal-stunning-and-slaughter-criteria-for-the-assessment-of-dead-animals
#19
REVIEW
Awal Fuseini, Toby G Knowles, Phil J Hadley, Steve B Wotton
The debate surrounding the acceptability of stunning for Halal slaughter is one that is likely to linger. Compared to a couple of decades or so ago, one may argue that pre-slaughter stunning is becoming a popular practice during Halal slaughter due to the increasing number of Muslim-majority countries who continue to issue religious rulings (Fatwa) to approve the practice. Concerns have often, however been raised about the likelihood of some animals dying as a result of stunning and whether there are mechanisms in place to identify and remove dead animals stunned with irreversible techniques before their necks are cut...
September 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170427/diet-quality-of-moroccan-adolescents-living-in-morocco-and-in-spain
#20
M Del Pilar Montero, Ana Isabel Mora-Urda, Karim Anzid, Mohamed Cherkaoui, M Dolores Marrodan
Intra-population socioeconomic changes and migration are powerful factors in changing eating habits. Changes in eating habits could affect the nutritional status, growth, development and health of adolescents. The aim of this study was to compare the diet of adolescents of Moroccan origin living in Spain with that of adolescents living in Morocco. The sample comprised 428 Moroccan adolescents aged from 12 to 19 recruited in high schools: 327 living in Ouarzazate (Morocco) and 101 living in Madrid (Spain). The variables studied were energy intake (kcal/day), diet quality indicators (adherence to the Mediterranean Adequacy Index (MAI); cholesterol intake (mg/day); fibre intake (g/day) and energy profile)); and indicators of keeping traditional customs (halal meat consumption, bread made at home)...
May 12, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
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