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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119103/evaluation-of-catalytic-effects-of-chymotrypsin-and-cu-2-for-development-of-uv-spectroscopic-method-for-gelatin-source-differentiation
#1
Anis Hamizah, Ademola Monsur Hammed, Tawakalit Tope Asiyanbi-H, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed Mirghani, Irwandi Jaswir, Nurrulhidayah Binti Ahamad Fadzillah
The consumers interest in gelatin authentication is high due to allergic reactions and adoption of Halal and Kosher eating cultures. This research investigated browning development due to enzymatic hydrolysis and presence of Cu(2+) during Maillard reaction of fish, porcine, and bovine gelatin. The rate of browning index samples showed two phases-rapid and slow-for all the gelatin samples and changes in browning index (ΔBindex) were increased (>100%) in presence of Cu(2+). ΔBindex of enzymatic hydrolysates were different among the gelatin species...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105097/ultrafine-fibers-of-zein-and-anthocyanins-as-natural-ph-indicator
#2
Luciana Prietto, Vania Zanella Pinto, Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Michele Greque de Morais, Jorge Alberto Vieria Costa, Loong-Tak Lim, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze
BACKGROUND: pH-sensitive indicator membranes, useful for pharmaceutical, food, and packaging applications, can be formed by encapsulating halochromic compounds within various solid supports. To this end, electrospinning is a versatile technique for the development of these indicators, by entrapping pH dyes within ultrafine polymer fibers. RESULTS: The ultrafine zein fibers, containing 5% (w/v) anthocyanins, had an average diameter of 510 nm. The pH-sensitive membrane exhibited color changes from pink to green, when exposed to acidic and alkaline buffers, respectively...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041813/regulatory-science-requirements-of-labeling-of-genetically-modified-food
#3
A Alan Moghissi, Lisa M Jaeger, Dania Shafei, Lindsey L Bloom
This paper provides an overview of the evolution of food labeling in the USA. It briefly describes the three phases of agricultural development consisting of naturally occurring, cross-bred, and genetically engineered, edited or modified crops, otherwise known as Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). It uses the Best Available Regulatory Science (BARS) and Metrics for Evaluation of Regulatory Science Claims (MERSC) to evaluate the scientific validity of claims applicable to GMO and the Best Available Public Information (BAPI) to evaluate the pronouncements by public media and others...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988775/outbreak-of-vaccine-preventable-diseases-in-muslim-majority-countries
#4
REVIEW
Ali Ahmed, Kah Seng Lee, Allah Bukhsh, Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Long Chiau Ming, Tahir Mehmood Khan
The increase in Muslim parents' refusal and hesitancy to accept childhood vaccination was identified as one of the contributing factors in the increase of vaccine-preventable diseases cases in countries such as Afghanistan, Malaysia and Pakistan. The spread of inaccurate and irresponsible information by the anti-vaccination movement may inflict more harm than good on Muslim communities. To curb this issue, health authorities in Pakistan and Malaysia have resorted to imposing strict punishments on parents who refuse to allow their children to be vaccinated...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967409/conservative-anterior-treatment-with-cad-cam-technology-and-polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-for-a-child-with-amelogenesis-imperfecta-a-2-year-follow-up
#5
Rozalio Halal, Johnny Nohra, Hadi Akel
Amelogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder that affects the structure of enamel and consequently the function, esthetics, and psychology of young patients. Restoring the dentition of a child with minimal tooth preparation is achievable with polymer-infiltrated ceramics. The treatment of a 12-year-old child presenting with amelogenesis imperfecta is described. An in-office computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) system and polymer-infiltrated ceramic blocks were used in a noninvasive procedure...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818541/understanding-threats-to-polio-vaccine-commitment-among-caregivers-in-high-priority-areas-of-afghanistan-a-polling-study
#6
Gillian K SteelFisher, Robert J Blendon, Sherine Guirguis, William Lodge, Hannah Caporello, Vincent Petit, Michael Coleman, Matthew R Williams, Sardar Mohammad Parwiz, Melissa Corkum, Scott Gardner, Eran N Ben-Porath
BACKGROUND: Eradication of poliovirus from endemic countries relies on vaccination of children with oral polio vaccine (OPV) many times a year until the age of 5 years. We aimed to determine caregivers' commitment to OPV in districts of Afghanistan at high risk for polio transmission and to examine what knowledge, attitudes, or experiences could threaten commitment. METHODS: We designed and analysed a poll using face-to-face interviews among caregivers of children under 5 years of age...
November 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775031/public-awareness-of-halal-and-kosher-slaughter
#7
Michael Lockerbie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753180/mass-screening-for-celiac-disease-among-school-aged-children-toward-exploring-celiac-iceberg-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini, Riccardo Troncone, Musa Khormi, Muath AlTuraiki, Wahid Alkhamis, Mona Alrajhi, Thana Halal, Mosa Fagih, Sahar Alharbi, Muhammed Salman Bashir, Aziz Elchentoufi
OBJECTIVES: We conducted this mass screening study to determine the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) and characterize the celiac iceberg among Saudi pediatric population in Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Over the study period (January 2014 to June 2016), we have conducted a cross-sectional, mass screening, IgA-tissue transglutaminase (TTG-IgA)-based study on 7930 Saudi students from primary and intermediate schools in Riyadh. Students with positive TTG-IgA (> 20 U/L) were called in the hospital to undergo a repeat of TTG-IgA; in those with borderline positive TTG-IgA (20-60 U/L) IgA-endomyseal antibody (EMA-IgA) test was performed...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747818/an-insight-of-meat-industry-in-pakistan-with-special-reference-to-halal-meat-a-comprehensive-review
#9
Muhammad Sohaib, Faraz Jamil
Livestock is considered central component in agricultural sector of Pakistan, provides employment to more than 8 million families. Meat and meat products holds pivotal significance in meeting dietary requirements serving as major protein source and provide essential vitamins and minerals. Globally, consumer demand is increasing for healthy, hygienic and safe meat and meat products due to growing population, income level and food choices. As, food choices are mainly influenced by region, religion and economic level...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738224/meat-from-cattle-slaughtered-without-stunning-sold-in-the-conventional-market-without-appropriate-labelling-a-case-study-in-italy
#10
Priscilla D'amico, Nicolò Vitelli, Beniamino Cenci Goga, Daniele Nucera, Francesca Pedonese, Alessandra Guidi, Andrea Armani
In the European Union, slaughter without stunning is allowed for religious slaughter to obtain halal and kosher meat. Especially in the case of Jewish slaughtering, cuts which are not deemed as kosher are sold to regular market without any specific labelling. This survey, conducted in Tuscany in 2016, aimed to quantify the carcasses rejected in relation to the type of religious slaughter. 656 bovines were slaughtered without stunning: 538 (82%) for halal and 118 (18%) for kosher. All carcasses slaughtered by the Islamic procedure (dhabiha) were considered halal, while 77...
July 18, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710157/new-halal-meat-labelling-proposed
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608462/progress-and-challenges-associated-with-halal-authentication-of-consumer-packaged-goods
#12
REVIEW
Jagadeesan Premanandh, Samara Bin Salem
Abusive business practices are increasingly evident in consumer packaged goods. Although consumers have the right to protect themselves against such practices, rapid urbanization and industrialization result in greater distances between producers and consumers, raising serious concerns on the supply chain. The operational complexities surrounding halal authentication pose serious challenges on the integrity of consumer packaged goods. This article attempts to address the progress and challenges associated with halal authentication...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461878/clinical-audit-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#13
Alaa Aldin Abdel Hamid, Almraghy Yousry, Safwat Abd El Radi, Omar Mamdouh Shabaan, Elzahry Mazen, Halal Nabil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of ectopic pregnancy in cases presented to the Woman's Health Hospital (WHH) in Assuit University, and to perform clinical audit on strategies for management of ectopic pregnancy in the WHH. METHODS: This descriptive hospital based study was conducted at the Woman's Health Hospital (WHH) of Assuit University (Egypt). There were 210 patients who were admitted to the WHH with the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the period between February 1, 2015 through the end of October 2015...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456853/cultured-meat-in-islamic-perspective
#14
Mohammad Naqib Hamdan, Mark J Post, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Amin Rukaini Mustafa
Cultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha'), an ijtihad by contemporary jurists must look for and provide answers for every technology introduced, whether it comply the requirements of Islamic law or not...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218670/religion-and-animal-welfare-an-islamic-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#16
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196517/simultaneous-detection-of-bovine-and-porcine-dna-in-pharmaceutical-gelatin-capsules-by-duplex-pcr-assay-for-halal-authentication
#17
Jafar Nikzad, Soraya Shahhosseini, Maryam Tabarzad, Nastaran Nafissi-Varcheh, Maryam Torshabi
BACKGROUND: In the pharmaceutical industry, hard- and soft-shelled capsules are typically made from gelatin, commonly derived from bovine and porcine sources. To ensure that pharmaceutical products comply with halal regulations in Muslim countries (no porcine products allowed), development of a valid, reliable, quick, and most importantly, cost-effective tests are of utmost importance. METHODS: We developed a species-specific duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting 149 bp porcine and 271 bp bovine mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to simultaneously detect both porcine and bovine DNA (in one reaction at the same time) in gelatin...
February 14, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088897/multiplex-pcr-as-a-rapid-and-sensitive-method-for-identification-of-meat-species-in-halal-meat-products
#18
Mahsa Alikord, Javad Keramat, Mahdi Kadivar, Hassan Momtaz, Mohammad Naghi Eshtiaghi, Aziz Homayouni Rad
BACKGROUND: Species identification and authentication in meat products are important subjects for ensuring the health of consumers. The multiplex-PCR amplification and species-specific primer set were used for identification of horse, donkey, pig and other ruminants in raw and processed meat products. METHODS: Oligonucleotid primers were designed for amplification of species-specific mitochondrial DNA sequences of each species and samples were prepared from binary meat mixtures...
January 13, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088037/assessment-of-the-meat-quality-of-lamb-m-longissimus-thoracis-et-lumborum-and-m-triceps-brachii-following-three-different-halal-slaughter-procedures
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A S Danso, R I Richardson, R Khalid
A total of fifteen male and fifteen female lambs were allocated to three groups of ten animals and subjected to: traditional Halal slaughter without stunning (TNS); slaughter following electric head-only stunning (EHOS) or; post-cut electric head-only stun (PCEHOS) and their meat quality was determined. Instrumental and sensory analyses were carried out on two muscles; M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) and M. triceps brachii (TB). Additionally, the effects of sex and muscle type were also assessed. No differences were found among slaughter methods for pH, drip loss and shear force...
May 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040164/bacteriocin-like-substances-of-lactobacillus-curvatus-p99-characterization-and-application-in-biodegradable-films-for-control-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-cheese
#20
Juliana de Lima Marques, Graciele Daiana Funck, Guilherme da Silva Dannenberg, Claudio Eduardo Dos Santos Cruxen, Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Alvaro Renato Guerra Dias, Ângela Maria Fiorentini, Wladimir Padilha da Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a biodegradable film, with antimicrobial metabolites produced by Lactobacillus curvatus P99 incorporated, targeting the control of Listeria monocytogenes in sliced "Prato" cheese. Tests were performed to evaluate the spectrum of action of cell-free supernatant (CFS) of P99 against different microorganisms, as well as to detect the minimum inhibitory (MIC) and bactericidal (MBC) concentrations against L. monocytogenes Scott A. The detection of genes that encode for the production of bacteriocins and evaluation of their expression were performed...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
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