keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

smr

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343242/stage-of-cancer-diagnoses-among-migrants-from-the-former-soviet-union-in-comparison-to-the-german-population-are-diagnoses-among-migrants-delayed
#1
An Bin Cho, Philipp Jaehn, Bernd Holleczek, Heiko Becher, Volker Winkler
BACKGROUND: In this study, we compared stage at diagnosis, standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of most frequent cancer diagnoses between re-settlers (Aussiedler) from the former Soviet Union and the general population in the Saarland in Germany to assess possible delays in diagnosis of cancer among this migrant group. METHODS: Lung cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, malignant melanoma of the skin and stomach cancer diagnoses among a cohort of 18,619 re-settlers living in the Saarland between 1990 and 2009 were identified by the federal state's cancer registry...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337343/antimicrobial-resistance-genetic-markers-in-potentially-pathogenic-gram-positive-cocci-isolated-from-brazilian-soft-cheese
#2
Juliana Alves Resende, Cláudia Oliveira Fontes, Alessandra Barbosa Ferreira-Machado, Thiago César Nascimento, Vânia Lúcia Silva, Cláudio Galuppo Diniz
Although most Brazilian dairy products meet high technological standards, there are quality issues regarding milk production, which may reduce the final product quality. Several microbial species may contaminate milk during manufacture and handling. If antimicrobial usage remains uncontrolled in dairy cattle, the horizontal transfer of antimicrobial resistance genes in foodstuffs may be of particular concern for both food producers and dairy industry. This study focused on the evaluation of putative Gram positive cocci in Minas cheese and of antimicrobial and biocide resistance genes among the isolated bacteria...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336763/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-a-trauma-population-does-decolonization-prevent-infection
#3
Robert A Maxwell, Chasen A Croft, C Buddy Creech, Isaac Thomsen, Nicole Soper, Laura E Brown, Vicente A Mejia, Benjamin W Dart, Donald E Barker
The purpose of this study was to determine if a decolonization regimen reduces the frequency of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections and if colonization isolates are genetically related to subsequent infectious strains. Trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit with positive MRSA nasal swabs were randomized to either daily chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) baths and mupirocin (MUP) ointment to the nares or soap and water baths and placebo ointment for five days. Nasal swabs performed at the end of treatment and invasive MRSA infections during the remaining hospitalization were compared with the original nasal isolate via polymerase chain reaction for genetic relatedness as well as CHG and MUP resistance genes...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336051/right-testicular-volume-is-a-dominant-predictor-of-testicular-function-determined-by-sperm-parameters-and-total-testosterone
#4
Y-P Huang, W Liu, Y-D Liu, H-X Wang, K Hu, B Chen, M-J Lu
This study aims to evaluate the predictive value of left testicular volume (LTV) and right testicular volume (RTV) for testicular function respectively. Men who requested fertility testing for any reason were enrolled from December 2012 to November 2015. Subjects with primary scrotal diseases or a condition interfering reproductive system were excluded. Testicular volume (TV) was evaluated by scrotal ultrasound. Sex hormone and semen analysis including sperm concentration (SC) and sperm motility rate (SMR) were performed...
January 15, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327562/development-of-a-porcine-beating-heart-model-of-self-myocardial-retroperfusion-evaluation-of-hemodynamic-and-cardiac-responses-to-ischemia-and-clinical-applications
#5
Daniel Grandmougin, Jean-Mathieu Casse, Antoine Chalon, Yun Luo, Aude Falanga, Vanessa Marie, Fréderique Groubatch-Joineau, Brice Mourer, Marie Grandmougin, David Grandmougin, Guillaume Gauchotte, Juan-Pablo Maureira, Nguyen Tran
BACKGROUND: Retrograde perfusion into the coronary sinus is used to deliver cardioplegia. We developed an in-vivo porcine beating-heart model of self-myocardial retroperfusion (SMR) using the venous route to supply myocardial oxygenation and sought to assess hemodynamic and cardiac responses triggered by SMR before and after a prolonged occlusion of the LAD. METHODS: A bypass-line between the ascending aorta and the coronary sinus was made to perform a selective retrograde perfusion of the great cardiac vein with oxygenated blood (SMR)...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325329/-feasibility-of-using-blood-oxygen-level-dependent-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-evaluate-renal-fibrosis-of-ureteral-obstruction-of-rabbits
#6
T T Zha, Z Y Xing, J Chen, W Xing, J G Zhang, X J Tian
Objective: To investigate the feasibility of blood oxygen level-dependent MR (MR-BOLD) in assessing renal fibrosis of ureteral obstruction of rabbits. Methods: Forty healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control group (n=8) and unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) group (n=32). The rabbits in the UUO group were subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction of the left kidney.Coronal T(2) weighted imaging (T(2)WI) and axial BOLD examinations were performed before operation, 2, 4, 6 and 8 W after operation (each subgroup n=8)...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320371/graphene-as-an-active-virtually-massless-top-electrode-for-rf-solidly-mounted-bulk-acoustic-wave-smr-baw-resonators
#7
Marius David Knapp, René Hoffmann, Vadim Lebedev, Volker Cimalla, Oliver Ambacher
Mechanical and electrical losses induced by an electrode material greatly influence the performance of bulk acoustic wave (BAW) resonators. Graphene as a conducting and virtually massless 2D material is a suitable candidate as an alternative electrode material for BAW resonators which reduces electrode induced mechanical losses. In this publication we show that graphene acts as an active top electrode for solidly mounted BAW resonators (BAW-SMR) at 2.1 GHz resonance frequency. Due to a strong decrease of mass loading and its remarkable electronic properties, graphene demonstrates its ability as an ultrathin conductive layer...
January 10, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311703/interface-induced-spin-hall-magnetoresistance-enhancement-in-pt-based-tri-layer-structure
#8
Shun-Yu Huang, Hong-Lin Li, Cheong-Wei Chong, Yu-Ying Chang, Min-Kai Lee, Jung-Chun-Andrew Huang
In this study, we integrated bilayer structure of covered Pt on nickel zinc ferrite (NZFO) and CoFe/Pt/NZFO tri-layer structure by pulsed laser deposition system for a spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) study. In the bilayer structure, the angular-dependent magnetoresistance (MR) results indicate that Pt/NZFO has a well-defined SMR behavior. Moreover, the spin Hall angle and the spin diffusion length, which were 0.0648 and 1.31 nm, respectively, can be fitted by changing the Pt thickness in the longitudinal SMR function...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310701/severe-thoracic-trauma-still-an-independent-predictor-for-death-in-multiple-injured-patients
#9
Michael Grubmüller, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Eva Diepold, Katharina Angerpointner, Michael Nerlich, Antonio Ernstberger
BACKGROUND: Over the past, the severe thoracic trauma has had decisive influence on the outcome of multiple injured patients. Today, new therapies (e.g. extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), protective ventilation methods and new forms of patient positioning) are available and applied regularly. What impact on the patient's outcome does the thoracic trauma have today? METHODS: Prospective data collection of multiple injured patients in a level-I trauma center was performed between 2008 and 2014...
January 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284546/medical-emergencies-related-to-ethanol-and-illicit-drugs-at-an-annual-nocturnal-indoor-electronic-dance-music-event
#10
Paul Calle, Nora Sundahl, Kristof Maudens, Sarah Mr Wille, Diederik Van Sassenbroeck, Koen De Graeve, Stefan Gogaert, Peter De Paepe, Dieter Devriese, Geert Arno, Peter Blanckaert
Introduction Medical problems are frequently encountered during electronic dance music (EDM) events. Problem There are uncertainties about the frequencies and severity of intoxications with different types of recreational drugs: ethanol, "classical" illicit party drugs, and new psychoactive substances (NPS). METHODS: Statistical data on the medical problems encountered during two editions of an indoor electronic dance event with around 30,000 attendants were retrieved from the Belgian Red Cross (Mechelen, Belgium) database...
December 29, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276849/male-breast-cancer-a-nation-wide-population-based-comparison-with-female-breast-cancer
#11
Marianne D Lautrup, Signe S Thorup, Vibeke Jensen, Susanne Bokmand, Karen Haugaard, Inger Hoejris, Anne-Marie B Jylling, Hjoerdis Joernsgaard, Giedrius Lelkaitis, Mette H Oldenburg, Gro M Qvamme, Katrine Soee, Peer Christiansen
OBJECTIVE: Describe prognostic parameters of Danish male breast cancer patients (MBCP) diagnosed from 1980-2009. Determine all-cause mortality compared to the general male population and analyze survival/mortality compared with Danish female breast cancer patients (FBCP) in the same period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The MBCP cohort was defined from three national registers. Data was extracted from medical journals. Data for FBCP is from the DBCG database. Overall survival (OS) was quantified by Kaplan-Meier estimates...
December 23, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275188/the-effects-of-temperature-and-food-availability-on-growth-flexibility-in-metabolic-rates-and-their-relationships-in-juvenile-common-carp
#12
Ling-Qing Zeng, Cheng Fu, Shi-Jian Fu
Flexibility in phenotypic traits can allow organisms to handle environmental changes. However, the ecological consequences of flexibility in metabolic rates are poorly understood. Here, we investigated whether the links between growth and flexibility in metabolic rates vary between two temperatures. Common carp Cyprinus carpio were raised in three temperature treatments [the 18°C, 28°C and 28°C-food control (28°C-FC)] and fed to satiation of receiving food either once or twice daily for 4weeks. The morphology and metabolic rates (standard metabolic rate, SMR; maximum metabolic rate, MMR) were measured at the beginning and end of the experiment...
December 21, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273912/excess-mortality-in-people-with-mental-illness-findings-from-a-northern-italy-psychiatric-case-register
#13
Fabrizio Starace, Francesco Mungai, Flavia Baccari, Gian Maria Galeazzi
PURPOSE: People with mental disorders show mortality rates up to 22.2 times higher than that of the general population. In spite of progressive increase in life expectancy observed in the general population, the mortality gap of people suffering from mental health problems has gradually widened. The aim of this paper was to study mortality rates in people suffering from mental illness in a cohort of people (16,981 subjects) in the local mental health register of the province of Modena during the decade 2006-2015...
December 22, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259065/migration-pattern-and-mortality-of-ethnic-german-migrants-from-the-former-soviet-union-a-cohort-study-in-germany
#14
Simone Kaucher, Andreas Deckert, Heiko Becher, Volker Winkler
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate all-cause and cause-specific mortality among ethnic German migrants from the former Soviet Union by different immigration periods to describe associations with migration pattern and mortality. DESIGN: We used pooled data from three retrospective cohort studies in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: Ethnic German migrants from the former Soviet Union (called resettlers), who immigrated to Germany since 1990 to the federal states North Rhine-Westphalia and Saarland and to the region of Augsburg (n=59 390)...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249478/mortality-and-causes-of-death-in-people-diagnosed-with-hiv-in-the-era-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-compared-with-the-general-population-an-analysis-of-a-national-observational-cohort
#15
Sara Croxford, Aileen Kitching, Sarika Desai, Meaghan Kall, Michael Edelstein, Andrew Skingsley, Fiona Burns, Andrew Copas, Alison E Brown, Ann K Sullivan, Valerie Delpech
BACKGROUND: Deaths in HIV-positive people have decreased since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1996. Fewer AIDS-related deaths and an ageing cohort have resulted in an increase in the proportion of HIV patients dying from non-AIDS-related disorders. Here we describe mortality and causes of death in people diagnosed with HIV in the HAART era compared with the general population. METHODS: In this observational analysis, we linked cohort data collected by Public Health England (PHE) for individuals aged 15 years and older, diagnosed with HIV in England and Wales from 1997 to 2012, to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) national mortality register...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247973/excess-mortality-in-children-born-to-opioid-addicted-parents-a-national-register-study-in-taiwan
#16
Shao-You Fang, Nicole Huang, Jen-Huoy Tsay, Su-Hui Chang, Chuan-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Young offspring of individuals with opioid use disorders have great exposure to a wide array of social disadvantages and stressors. This study aimed to investigate excess mortality before the age of six and predictors of premature death in children born to opioid-involved parents. METHODS: A total of 3210 children born between 2004 and 2009 to parents with opioid use disorders (roughly a quarter of whom were born after parental methadone treatment enrollment) were identified in Taiwan...
December 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238390/modulatory-effect-of-association-of-brain-stimulation-by-light-and-binaural-beats-in-specific-brain-waves
#17
Mauricio Rocha Calomeni, Vernon Furtado da Silva, Bruna Brandão Velasques, Olavo Guimarães Feijó, Juliana Marques Bittencourt, Alair Pedro Ribeiro de Souza E Silva
Introduction: One of the positive effects of brain stimulation is interhemispheric modulation as shown in some scientific studies. This study examined if a type of noninvasive stimulation using binaural beats with led-lights and sound would show different modulatory effects upon Alfa and SMR brain waves of elderlies and children with some disease types. Subjects: The sample included 75 individuals of both genders, being, randomly, divided in 6 groups. Groups were named elderly without dementia diagnosis (EWD), n=15, 76±8 years, elderly diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (EDP), n=15, 72±7 years, elderly diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (EDA), n=15, 81±6 years...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236785/the-soluble-mannose-receptor-smr-is-elevated-in-alcoholic-liver-disease-and-associated-with-disease-severity-portal-hypertension-and-mortality-in-cirrhosis-patients
#18
Thomas Damgaard Sandahl, Sidsel Hyldgaard Støy, Tea Lund Laursen, Sidsel Rødgaard-Hansen, Holger Jon Møller, Søren Møller, Hendrik Vilstrup, Henning Grønbæk
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic macrophages (Kupffer cells) are involved in the immunopathology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The mannose receptor (MR, CD206), expressed primarily by macrophages, mediates endocytosis, antigen presentation and T-cell activation. A soluble form, sMR, has recently been identified in humans. We aimed to study plasma sMR levels and its correlation with disease severity and survival in ALD patients. METHODS: We included 50 patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH), 68 alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) patients (Child-Pugh A (23), B (24), C (21)), and 21 healthy controls (HC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235179/snp-g-1007a-g-within-the-porcine-dnal4-gene-affects-sperm-motility-traits-and-percentage-of-midpiece-abnormalities
#19
I Wiedemann, A Maehlmeyer, S Jansen, A R Sharifi, C Knorr
The flagellar beating of a spermatozoa's axoneme is caused by the varying activation and inactivation of dynein molecules. Dynein, axonemal, light chain 4 (DNAL4) is a functional candidate gene for sperm motility as it encodes a small subunit of the dyneins. We resequenced the porcine DNAL4 using three artificial insemination (AI) boars each with high (>68%) or low (<60%) motility, and detected 23 SNP. These were then genotyped for 82 AI boars. Using spermatological records, significantly negative genetic correlations between ejaculate volume (VOL) and the further spermatological parameters concentration (CONC) (r = -...
December 12, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225556/an-optimal-transportation-based-univariate-neuroimaging-index
#20
Liang Mi, Wen Zhang, Junwei Zhang, Yonghui Fan, Dhruman Goradia, Kewei Chen, Eric M Reiman, Xianfeng Gu, Yalin Wang
The alterations of brain structures and functions have been considered closely correlated to the change of cognitive performance due to neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. In this paper, we introduce a variational framework to compute the optimal transformation (OT) in 3D space and propose a univariate neuroimaging index based on OT to measure such alterations. We compute the OT from each image to a template and measure the Wasserstein distance between them. By comparing the distances from all the images to the common template, we obtain a concise and informative index for each image...
2017: Proceedings
keyword
keyword
68701
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"