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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633458/causes-of-death-and-mortality-trends-of-all-individuals-reported-with-hiv-aids-in-israel-1985-2010
#1
Zohar Mor, Rivka Sheffer, Daniel Chemtob
Background: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed life-expectancy and mortality trends among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) since 1996. This retrospective cohort study aimed to assess the mortality epidemiology of PLWHA in Israel and analyze the causes of death. Methods: This cohort study included all adult Israeli-citizens PLWHA between 1985 and 2010 and crossed matched with the Civil Registry to identify those who died. Death certificates were classified into AIDS or non-AIDS deaths related-causes...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627154/-mortality-study-in-a-cohort-of-workers-employed-in-the-hot-working-processing-of-plastics-and-rubber
#2
Alberto Gerosa, Corrado Scarnato, Bruno Marchesini, Evi Ietri, Venere Leda Mara Pavone
OBJECTIVES: to study mortality rates among workers in companies manufacturing thermoplastic and rubber articles (excluding tyres). DESIGN: cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the cohort includes 4,543 workers employed up to 2000 in 131 companies in the Province of Bologna (Emilia-Romagna Region, Northern Italy) exposed to emissions from hot processing of plastics (3,937) and rubber (606). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: general- and cause-specific Standardized Mortality Rates (SMR), with 95% confidence intervals; entire reference population resides in the Emilia-Romagna Region...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626827/the-effect-of-rapid-privatisation-on-mortality-in-mono-industrial-towns-in-post-soviet-russia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Aytalina Azarova, Darja Irdam, Alexi Gugushvili, Mihaly Fazekas, Gábor Scheiring, Pia Horvat, Denes Stefler, Irina Kolesnikova, Vladimir Popov, Ivan Szelenyi, David Stuckler, Michael Marmot, Michael Murphy, Martin McKee, Martin Bobak, Lawrence King
BACKGROUND: Population-level data suggest that economic disruptions in the early 1990s increased working-age male mortality in post-Soviet countries. This study uses individual-level data, using an indirect estimation method, to test the hypothesis that fast privatisation increased mortality in Russia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we surveyed surviving relatives of individuals who lived through the post-communist transition to retrieve demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of their parents, siblings, and male partners...
May 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618015/soluble-cd163-and-mannose-receptor-associate-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-activity-and-fibrosis-and-decline-with-treatment
#4
Tea Lund Laursen, Grace Lai-Hung Wong, Konstantin Kazankov, Thomas Sandahl, Holger Jon Møller, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit, Jacob George, Henry Lik-Yuen Chan, Henning Grønbaek
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Liver macrophages are activated in chronic hepatitis B virus (CHB) infection and play a pivotal role in hepatic inflammation and fibrosis. However, their role during anti-viral treatment is unclear. The soluble (s) macrophage activation markers, sCD163 and mannose receptor (sMR), are released during liver damage and their serum levels reflect liver disease severity and portal hypertension. We aimed to investigate associations between sCD163 and sMR and histopathological activity and fibrosis, and changes in sCD163, sMR and hepatic CD163-expression following anti-viral treatment in CHB patients...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613175/two-dimensional-feature-selection-by-sparse-matrix-regression
#5
Chenping Hou, Yuanyuan Jiao, Feiping Nie, Tingjin Luo, Zhi-Hua Zhou
For many image processing and computer vision problems, data points are in matrix form. Traditional methods often convert a matrix to a vector and then use vector based approaches. They will ignore the location of matrix elements and the converted vector often has high dimensionality. How to select features for two dimensional matrix data directly is still an uninvestigated important issue. In this paper, we propose an algorithm named as Sparse Matrix Regression (SMR) for direct feature selection on matrix data...
June 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610466/the-effect-of-practice-and-visual-feedback-on-oral-diadochokinetic-rates-for-younger-and-older-adults
#6
Boaz M Ben-David, Michal Icht
Assessments of oral-diadochokinetic rates are commonly performed to evaluate oral-motor skills. However, the appropriate administration protocol is not defined, and varies across therapists, clinics and laboratories. In three experiments and an auxiliary one, this study analyzes the effects of brief (motor) practice and visual feedback on the performance of 98 younger (20-40 years old) and 78 older adults (over 65) with the sequential motion rate (SMR) version. Overall rates were significantly faster for younger over older adults...
June 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608996/prognostic-value-of-event-free-survival-at-12-and-24-months-and-long-term-mortality-for-non-hodgkin-follicular-lymphoma-patients-a-study-report-from-the-spanish-lymphoma-oncology-group
#7
Mariano Provencio, Ana Royuela, María Torrente, Marina Pollán, José Gómez-Codina, Pilar Sabín, Marta Llanos, Josep Gumá, Cristina Quero, Ana Blasco, David Aguiar, Francisco Ramón García-Arroyo, Javier Lavernia, Natividad Martínez, Manuel Morales, Álvaro Saenz-Cusi, Delvys Rodríguez, Virginia Calvo, Luis de la Cruz-Merino, Miguel Ángel de la Cruz, Antonio Rueda
BACKGROUND: Relatively few studies have analyzed the mortality of follicular lymphoma (FL) patients in comparison with a sex- and age-matched general population. This study analyzed the overall survival (OS) of patients with FL and compared their survival with the expected survival of a general population. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with FL were prospectively enrolled from 1980 to 2013. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were obtained from yearly sex- and age-specific mortality rates in Spain, and OS was compared with age- and sex-matched general population data...
June 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607453/specific-skeletal-muscle-sphingolipid-compounds-in-energy-expenditure-regulation-and-weight-gain-in-native-americans-of-southwestern-heritage
#8
S Heinitz, P Piaggi, K L Vinales, A Basolo, J Spranger, D Piomelli, J Krakoff, S R Jumpertz von
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In animal models, a role in the regulation of energy expenditure (EE) has been ascribed to sphingolipids, active components of cell membranes participating in cellular signaling. In humans, it is unknown whether sphingolipids play a role in the modulation of EE and, consequently, influence weight gain. The present study investigated the putative association of EE and weight gain with sphingolipid levels in human skeletal muscle, a component of fat-free mass (the strongest determinant of EE) in adipose tissue and in plasma...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596726/ability-to-gain-control-over-one-s-own-brain-activity-and-its-relation-to-spiritual-practice-a-multimodal-imaging-study
#9
Silvia E Kober, Matthias Witte, Manuel Ninaus, Karl Koschutnig, Daniel Wiesen, Gabriela Zaiser, Christa Neuper, Guilherme Wood
Spiritual practice, such as prayer or meditation, is associated with focusing attention on internal states and self-awareness processes. As these cognitive control mechanisms presumably are also important for neurofeedback (NF), we investigated whether people who pray frequently (N = 20) show a higher ability of self-control over their own brain activity compared to a control group of individuals who rarely pray (N = 20). All participants underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and one session of sensorimotor rhythm (SMR, 12-15 Hz) based NF training...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596421/higher-glucocorticoid-replacement-doses-are-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-patients-with-pituitary-adenoma
#10
Casper Hammarstrand, Oskar Ragnarsson, Tobias Hallén, Eva Andersson, Thomas Skoglund, Anna G Nilsson, Gudmundur Johannsson, Daniel S Olsson
OBJECTIVE: Patients with secondary adrenal insufficiency (AI) have an excess mortality. The objective was to investigate the impact of the daily glucocorticoid replacement dose on mortality in patients with hypopituitarism due to non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA). METHOD: Patients with NFPA were followed between years 1997- 2014 and cross-referenced with the National Swedish Death Register. Standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was calculated with the general population as reference and Cox-regression was used to analyse the mortality...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596246/cancer-mortality-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Chuanjun Zhuo, Ran Tao, Ronghuan Jiang, Xiaodong Lin, Mingjing Shao
BackgroundPrevious studies have reported conflicting results on the association between schizophrenia and cancer mortality.AimsTo summarise available evidence and quantify the association between schizophrenia and cancer mortality using meta-analysis.MethodWe systematically searched literature in the PubMed and Embase databases. Risk estimates and 95% confidence intervals reported in individual studies were pooled using the DerSimonian-Laird random-effects model.ResultsWe included 19 studies in the meta-analysis...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591187/male-suicide-rates-in-german-prisons-and-the-role-of-citizenship
#12
Daniel Radeloff, Thomas Lempp, Mattias Kettner, Amna Rauf, Katharina Bennefeld-Kersten, Christine M Freitag
PURPOSE: Prisoners are at a particularly high risk of suicide. In contrast to other psychosocial risk factors it remains unclear to what degree the risk of suicide differs between prisoners with local citizenship and foreigners. In order to provide more detailed information for suicide prevention in prisons, this study aims to compare suicide rates (SR) between these populations in German criminal custody. METHODS: Based on a German national database of completed suicide in custody, suicides by prisoners were analysed and compared with epidemiological data of the prison population and the general population, stratified for German and foreign citizenship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586797/in-vivo-confocal-imaging-of-the-conjunctiva-as-a-predictive-tool-for-the-glaucoma-filtration-surgery-outcome
#13
Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Vincenzo Fasanella, Lorenza Brescia, Francesco Oddone, Cesare Mariotti, Silvio Di Staso, Luca Agnifili
Purpose: To examine the preoperative conjunctival dendritic cell density (DCD), goblet cell density (GCD), and stromal meshwork reflectivity (SMR) in glaucomatous patients undergoing filtration surgery, using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). Methods: Sixty-six patients were enrolled. At baseline, IVCM was performed at the site planned for surgery, and was repeated after 12 months at bleb site. Surgery was successful when a one-third reduction of baseline IOP was obtained at the last follow-up...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585680/thyroid-cancer-post-radioactive-iodine-treatment-for-hyperthyroidism-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Abdallah A Al Eyadeh, Khaldon M Al-Sarihin, Suzan M Etewi, Ahmed A Al-Omari, Rania Atallah Al-Asa'd, Fares Halim Haddad
INTRODUCTION: To assess the rate of thyroid cancer and mortality rate in a cohort of patients who received RAI131 treatment for hyperthyroidism and to report the index cases' characteristics and management MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort of 264 patients who received RAI131 treatment for different causes of thyrotoxicosis were followed up over a period of 18 years (1996-2014) by physical exam, radiological evaluation and serial thyroid function tests. RESULTS: During the follow up period, three cases of thyroid cancer were identified...
June 6, 2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580628/mortality-in-the-waikato-hospital-systemic-sclerosis-cohort
#15
Clement Ooi, Kamal Solanki, Chunhuan Lao, Chris Frampton, Douglas White
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the causes of mortality and standardised mortality ratio in a cohort of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: A cohort of 132 patients enrolled at the Waikato Systemic Sclerosis Clinic was prospectively followed from 2005 to 2016. Patient demographics, diagnoses and laboratory reports were used to assess risk of mortality and generate standardised mortality ratios (SMR). Survival was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS: Of the cohort of 132 patients, 20 (15%) were deceased by the end of the study period...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576149/survival-and-quality-of-life-in-incident-systemic-sclerosis-related-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#16
Kathleen Morrisroe, Wendy Stevens, Molla Huq, David Prior, Jo Sahhar, Gene-Siew Ngian, David Celermajer, Jane Zochling, Susanna Proudman, Mandana Nikpour
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a leading cause of mortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc). We sought to determine survival, predictors of mortality, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) related to PAH in a large SSc cohort with PAH. METHODS: We studied consecutive SSc patients with newly diagnosed (incident) World Health Organization (WHO) Group 1 PAH enrolled in a prospective cohort between 2009 and 2015. Survival methods were used to determine age and sex-adjusted standardised mortality ratio (SMR) and years of life lost (YLL), and to identify predictors of mortality...
June 2, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575299/mortality-in-children-receiving-growth-hormone-treatment-for-growth-disorders-data-from-the-genesis-observational-program
#17
Charmian A Quigley, Christopher J Child, Alan G Zimmermann, Ron G Rosenfeld, Leslie L Robison, Werner F Blum
Context: Although pediatric GH treatment is generally considered safe for approved indications, there have been long-held concerns regarding potential for increased risk of neoplasia and, more recently, of stroke and mortality in adults treated with GH during childhood. Objective: To assess mortality in children receiving GH. Design: Prospective, multi-national, observational study. Setting: Genetics and Neuroendocrinology of Short-stature International Study (GeNeSIS)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566123/funen-anorexia-nervosa-study-a-follow-up-study-on-outcome-mortality-quality-of-life-and-body-composition
#18
Laura Al-Dakhiel Winkler
Eating disorders (EDs) comprise a wide range of symptoms, with severe psychological and physical implications for the patient. EDs include anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and until 2013 eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS), if criteria for AN or BN were not met. Patients suffering from an ED have poor prognosis, with more than half of AN patients not obtaining complete remission. One-fifth develops a chronic disease. EDs have an increased risk of premature death and patients with EDs report poorer quality of life (QoL) compared to both the general population and other psychiatric/somatic diseases...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566035/pilot-scale-steam-aging-of-steel-slags
#19
Praveen Kumar, D Satish Kumar, K Marutiram, Smr Prasad
Solid waste management has gained importance in the steel industry in view of rising environmental concerns and scarcity of raw materials. In spite of significant developments in reducing waste generation and development of recycling technologies, steel slag is still a concern for the industry as most of it is dumped. Steel slag is similar to stone aggregates in strength, but its volumetric instability in contact with water hinders its application as aggregates in construction. A part of steel slag is normally exposed to rain and sun for natural aging and stabilization for months before use...
June 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555363/malnutrition-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-mexican-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-cohort-study
#20
María Pilar Cruz-Domínguez, Grettel García-Collinot, Miguel Angel Saavedra, Daniel H Montes-Cortes, Rubén Morales-Aguilar, Rosa Angélica Carranza-Muleiro, Olga L Vera-Lastra, Luis J Jara
Factors for mortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc) vary in different cohorts around the world. Case-control study nested in a cohort. We included patients ≥16 years of age with SSc (ACR/EULAR 2013), from 2005 to 2015. Demographic and clinical variables and causes of mortality were recorded. We calculated Crude Mortality Rate (CMR), Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR), and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed. A Cox proportional hazard (HR) regression analysis of the potential risk factors associated with mortality was also performed...
May 29, 2017: Rheumatology International
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