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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330589/ethnicity-and-excess-mortality-in-severe-mental-illness-a-cohort-study
#1
Jayati Das-Munshi, Chin-Kuo Chang, Rina Dutta, Craig Morgan, James Nazroo, Robert Stewart, Martin J Prince
BACKGROUND: Excess mortality in severe mental illness (defined here as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, and bipolar affective disorders) is well described, but little is known about this inequality in ethnic minorities. We aimed to estimate excess mortality for people with severe mental illness for five ethnic groups (white British, black Caribbean, black African, south Asian, and Irish) and to assess the association of ethnicity with mortality risk. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study of individuals with a valid diagnosis of severe mental illness between Jan 1, 2007, and Dec 31, 2014, from the case registry of the South London and Maudsley Trust (London, UK)...
March 16, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327056/multiple-sclerosis-and-suicide
#2
Anthony Feinstein, Bennis Pavisian
Mortality rates are elevated in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) relative to the general population. There is, however, some uncertainty whether suicide contributes to this. Epidemiological data suggest that the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for suicide in MS is approximately twice that of the general population with younger males in the first few years following diagnosis most at risk. Rates of suicidal intent, a potential harbinger of more self-destructive behavior, are also elevated, but the frequency with which intent is followed by suicide is not known...
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323073/dietary-electrolyte-balance-affects-growth-performance-amylase-activity-and-metabolic-response-in-the-meagre-argyrosomus-regius
#3
Leonardo J Magnoni, Emilio Salas-Leiton, Maria-João Peixoto, Luis Pereira, Francisca Silva-Brito, Filipa Fontinha, José F M Gonçalves, Jonathan M Wilson, Johan W Schrama, Rodrigo O A Ozório
Dietary ion content is known to alter the acid-base balance in freshwater fish. The current study investigated the metabolic impact of acid-base disturbances produced by differences in dietary electrolyte balance (DEB) in the meagre (Argyrosomus regius), an euryhaline species. Changes in fish performance, gastric chyme characteristics, pH and ion concentrations in the bloodstream, digestive enzyme activities and metabolic rates were analyzed in meagre fed ad libitum two experimental diets (DEB 200 or DEB 700mEq/kg) differing in the Na2CO3 content for 69days...
March 16, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314982/time-trends-of-cause-specific-mortality-among-resettlers-in-germany-1990-through-2009
#4
Simone Kaucher, Valentina Leier, Andreas Deckert, Bernd Holleczek, Christa Meisinger, Volker Winkler, Heiko Becher
Resettlers (in German: (Spät-)Aussiedler) form one of the biggest migrant groups in Germany. It is known that migrants have different mortality patterns compared to the autochthon population. In this paper, we combined data from three resettler cohorts and examined differences in mortality from non-communicable diseases among resettlers in Germany and the German population. Furthermore, we investigated time trends of cause-specific mortality for 20 years of follow-up and compared it with the German mortality rates...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298562/deaths-associated-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-france-from-1969-to-2009
#5
Clément Prati, Marc Puyraveau, Xavier Guillot, Franck Verhoeven, Daniel Wendling
OBJECTIVE: To describe deaths for which ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was on death certificates in France. METHODS: Death certificates in which AS was indicated were evaluated. Standard mortality ratio (SMR) was assessed. RESULTS: AS appeared in 2940 death certificates. The mortality rate of AS seemed stable. The most frequent initial causes were diseases of the circulatory system [28.3% in the International Classification of Diseases, 10th ed (ICD-10)]...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290828/-assessment-of-the-possibility-of-comparing-mortality-rates-from-diseases-of-the-circulatory-system-in-the-united-states-and-russia
#6
S A Boytsov, E M Andreev, I V Samorodskaya
OBJECTIVE: to compare and discuss causes of differences between standardized mortality rates (SMR) from diseases of the circulatory system (DCS) among men and women older than 50 years in Russia and USA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on mortality rate in the USA were taken from WHO mortality database (WHO MD), those on the USA population by 5-years age bands from Human Mortality Database (HMD). Information on mortality rates in Russia was obtained from Rosstat. In analysis we used age-adjusted death rates and SMR for DCS or ages more or equal 50 years...
January 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283123/the-incidence-and-mortality-of-colorectal-cancer-and-its-relationship-with-the-human-development-index-in-asia
#7
Mahshid Ghoncheh, Maryam Mohammadian, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Hamid Salehiniya
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in women and the third most common cancer among men, and its incidence is increasing in Asia. Awareness about the status of this cancer incidence and mortality is necessary for a better plan. OBJECTIVES: The present study was done with the aim to investigate the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer and its relationship with the Human Development Index (HDI) in Asia in 2012. METHODS: This study was an ecological study, which was conducted based on the GLOBOCAN project of the World Health Organization for Asian countries...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277949/metabolic-rate-of-diploid-and-triploid-edible-frog-pelophylax-esculentus-correlates-inversely-with-cell-size-in-tadpoles-but-not-in-frogs
#8
Adam Hermaniuk, Mariusz Rybacki, Jan R E Taylor
In multicellular organisms, cell size may have crucial consequences for basic parameters, such as body size and whole-body metabolic rate (MR). The hypothesis predicts that animals composed of smaller cells (a higher membrane surface-to-cell volume ratio) should have a higher mass-specific MR because a large part of their energy is used to maintain cell membranes and ionic gradients. In this article, we investigated the link between cell size and MR in diploid and triploid tadpoles and froglets of the hybridogenetic frog Pelophylax esculentus...
March 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274273/acute-effects-of-foam-rolling-on-passive-tissue-stiffness-and-fascial-sliding-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Frieder Krause, Jan Wilke, Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Self-myofascial release (SMR) aims to mimic the effects of manual therapy and tackle dysfunctions of the skeletal muscle and connective tissue. It has been shown to induce improvements in flexibility, but the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. In addition to neuronal mechanisms, improved flexibility may be driven by acute morphological adaptations, such as a reduction in passive tissue stiffness or improved movement between fascial layers. The aim of the intended study is to evaluate the acute effects of SMR on the passive tissue stiffness of the anterior thigh muscles and the sliding properties of the associated fasciae...
March 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272360/mortality-in-miners-with-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis-in-the-czech-republic-in-the-period-1992-2013
#10
Hana Tomášková, Anna Šplíchalová, Hana Šlachtová, Pavel Urban, Zdeňka Hajduková, Irena Landecká, Rostislav Gromnica, Petr Brhel, Daniela Pelclová, Zdeněk Jirák
While working underground, miners are exposed to a number of risk factors that have a negative impact on their health and may be a cause of an increased mortality in miners. The aim of the study was to compare total and specific mortality in black coal miners with acknowledged coal-workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) and without CWP, and the mortality of the general male population in the Czech Republic in the period 1992-2013. The sample consisted of 3476 coal miners with CWP and 6687 ex-coal miners without CWP, who were removed after achieving the maximum permissible exposure (MPE)...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270446/external-cause-mortality-among-21-609-norwegian-male-military-peacekeepers-deployed-to-lebanon-between-1978-and-1998
#11
Leif Aage Strand, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Elin Anita Fadum, Einar Kristian Borud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate external-cause mortality among 21 609 Norwegian male military peacekeepers deployed to Lebanon during 1978-1998. METHODS: The cohort was followed from the 1st day of deployment through 2013, and mortality during deployment and post discharge was assessed using SMRs calculated from national rates in Norway. Poisson regression was used to see the effect of high-conflict versus low-conflict exposure. RESULTS: For the total cohort, external-cause mortality was within expected values during deployment (SMR=0...
March 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267807/phylogeography-and-genetic-structure-of-the-oriental-river-prawn-macrobrachium-nipponense-crustacea-decapoda-palaemonidae-in-east-asia
#12
Po-Cheng Chen, Chun-Han Shih, Ta-Jen Chu, Ying-Chou Lee, Tzong-Der Tzeng
The oriental river prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense) is mainly distributed in East Asia. The phylogeography, population genetic structure and historical demography of this species in the East Asia were examined by using partial sequences of the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) and 16S rRNA in mitochondrial DNA. Ten populations that included 239 individuals were collected from Taiwan (Shihmen Reservoir, SMR, Mingte Reservoir, MTR and Chengching Lake Reservoir, CLR), mainland China (Taihu Lake, TLC, Min River, MRC, Jiulong River, JRC and Shenzhen Reservoir, SRC), Japan (Biwa Lake, BLJ and Kasumigaura Lake, KLJ) and Korea (Han River, HRK)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258556/klinefelter-syndrome-cardiovascular-abnormalities-and-metabolic-disorders
#13
REVIEW
A E Calogero, V A Giagulli, L M Mongioì, V Triggiani, A F Radicioni, E A Jannini, D Pasquali
Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is one of the most common genetic causes of male infertility. This condition is associated with much comorbidity and with a lower life expectancy. The aim of this review is to explore more in depth cardiovascular and metabolic disorders associated to KS. KS patients have an increased risk of cerebrovascular disease (standardized mortality ratio, SMR, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.6-3.0), but it is not clear whether the cause of the death is of thrombotic or hemorrhagic nature...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252846/die-entwicklung-der-therapie-des-melanoms-geht-weiter-berichte-von-den-jahrestagungen-esmo-und-smr-im-oktober-november%C3%A2-2016
#14
Ralf Gutzmer, Christoph Höller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239917/decrease-in-mortality-of-adult-epilepsy-patients-since-1980-lessons-learned-from-a-hospital-based-cohort
#15
C A Granbichler, W Oberaigner, G Kuchukhidze, J-P Ndayisaba, A Ndayisaba, A Taylor, G Bauer, G Luef, E Trinka
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data on mortality in patients with epilepsy have been available since the 1800s. They consistently show a 2-3-fold increase compared to the general population. Despite major advances in diagnostic tools and treatment options, there is no evidence for a decrease in premature deaths. The temporal trend of mortality in a hospital-based epilepsy cohort over three decades was assessed. METHODS: A hospital-based incidence cohort was recruited from a specialized epilepsy outpatient clinic at Innsbruck Medical University between 1980 and 2007, divided by decade into three cohorts and followed for 5 years after initial epilepsy diagnosis...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239574/do-nasal-surgeries-affect-mucociliary-clearance
#16
Rajeshwary Aroor, Zainab Sunu Ali, K S Gangadhara Somayaji
The study was conducted to assess the impact of different nasal surgeries on the nasal mucociliary clearance mechanism. Mucociliary function of the nasal mucosa of patients who were undergoing various nasal surgeries was assessed by the Saccharin test by placing 5 mg saccharin granule on the anterior end of the inferior turbinate 1 day prior to the surgery. The time required for the test subject to experience a sweet taste was measured in minutes. Post-operatively the test was repeated 6 weeks after the surgery and the test times were compared...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229826/changes-in-the-pattern-of-death-of-987-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-from-1990-to-2009-from-the-nationwide-spanish-scleroderma-registry-rescle
#17
Manuel Rubio-Rivas, Carmen Pilar Simeón-Aznar, César Velasco, Begoña Marí-Alfonso, Gerard Espinosa, Xavier Corbella, Dolores Colunga-Argüelles, Maria Victoria Egurbide-Arberas, Norberto Ortego-Centeno, José Antonio Vargas-Hitos, Mayka Freire, Juan José Ríos-Blanco, Luis Trapiella-Martínez, Mónica Rodríguez-Carballeira, Vicent Fonollosa-Pla
OBJECTIVES: To determine the changes in the pattern of death of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) throughout 20 years. METHODS: Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), retrospective multicentre database from 1990 to 2009. SSc-related and SSc-non related causes of death were assessed. RESULTS: 987 patients were recruited. Overall standardised mortality ratio (SMR) was 2.34 (2.24-2.44). SSc-related causes of death were responsible of 72% of all deaths of those patients diagnosed within 1990-99 vs...
February 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214712/epidemiological-study-of-mortality-in-epilepsy-in-a-spanish-population
#18
María Isabel Chamorro-Muñoz, Guillermina García-Martín, Francisco Pérez-Errazquin, Manuel Romero-Acebal, Antonio García-Rodríguez, Mario Gutiérrez-Bedmar
PURPOSE: Studies concerning mortality in epilepsy have been performed primarily in Northern-Central Europe and US. The aim of this study was to provide information about mortality in people with epilepsy in Southern European countries. METHOD: We studied a Spanish prevalence and incidence cohort of 2309 patients aged ≥14 years with epilepsy who were treated in an outpatient epilepsy clinic between 2000 and 2013. The deceased were identified through Civil Registries...
February 8, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210174/anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-changes-with-introduction-and-discontinuation-of-tamsulosin
#19
Abdullah Al-Kharashi, Amir A Azimzadeh, Jerry Leung, Sidney Radomski, Lenny Radomski, Wai-Ching Lam
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to quantify changes and reversibility in pupil dilation and iris dilator muscle region thickness associated with introduction and subsequent discontinuation of tamsulosin in patients naïve to this drug with the aid of an anterior OCT system. METHODS: The study was carried out on 7 patients (14 eyes) naïve to tamsulosin and with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BHP). Measurements taken by Vistante OCT were done pre- and post-dilation of the following: pupil size, iris dilator muscle region (DMR) thickness, sphincter muscle region (SMR) thickness, and anterior chamber depth...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182696/ontogenetic-comparisons-of-standard-metabolism-in-three-species-of-crocodilians
#20
C M Gienger, Matthew L Brien, Christopher R Tracy, S Charlie Manolis, Grahame J W Webb, Roger S Seymour, Keith A Christian
Due in part to their large size, aggressive temperament, and difficulty in handling, there are few physiological studies of adult crocodilians in the literature. As a result, studies comparing individuals across an ontogenetic series and comparisons among species are also lacking. We addressed this gap in knowledge by measuring standard metabolic rates (SMR) of three species of crocodilians (Crocodylus porosus, C. johnsoni, and Alligator mississippiensis), and included individuals that ranged from 0.22 to 114 kg...
2017: PloS One
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