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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154395/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-after-release-from-prison-in-australia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Simon J Forsyth, Megan Carroll, Nicholas Lennox, Stuart A Kinner
AIMS: To estimate the incidence and identify risk factors for mortality in adults released from prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, linking baseline survey data with a national death register. SETTING: Selected prisons within Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N=1320) recruited in Queensland prisons within 6 weeks of expected release, between August 2008 and July 2010, followed for up to 4...
November 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142118/climate-and-foraging-mode-explain-interspecific-variation-in-snake-metabolic-rates
#2
Andréaz Dupoué, François Brischoux, Olivier Lourdais
The energy cost of self-maintenance is a critical facet of life-history strategies. Clarifying the determinant of interspecific variation in metabolic rate (MR) at rest is important to understand and predict ecological patterns such as species distributions or responses to climatic changes. We examined variation of MR in snakes, a group characterized by a remarkable diversity of activity rates and a wide distribution. We collated previously published MR data (n = 491 observations) measured in 90 snake species at different trial temperatures...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140186/acute-effect-of-two-self-myofascial-release-protocols-on-hip-and-ankle-range-of-motion
#3
Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira, Caroline Ruschel
CONTEXT: Self-myofascial release (SMR) is an intervention popularly used by rehabilitation, fitness, and sports professionals to improve recovery and performance. In SMR, the athlete/patient himself applies pressure to the muscle and fascia, using various tools such as balls, rods, foam rolls and massagers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the acute effect of two SMR protocols (short- and long-term) of the posterior thigh and calf muscles on hip and ankle range of motion (ROM) in physically active men...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138606/mortality-in-italian-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-evidence-for-a-low-mortality-rate-from-cancer-and-infections-in-patients-followed-up-at-a-tertiary-center
#4
Daniela Iacono, Serena Fasano, Virginia D'Abrosca, Ilenia Pantano, Gabriele Valentini
Objectives: Mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has never been investigated in Italy. This study is devoted to investigating all the distinct causes of mortality in Italian RA patients. Methods: Clinical charts of patients consecutively admitted to an Italian tertiary center, from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014, were reviewed. Mortality rates (incidence mortality rate [IMR] and standardized mortality rate [SMR]) and causes of death as assessed at December 31, 2015, were registered...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137869/morbidity-and-mortality-in-homeless-individuals-prisoners-sex-workers-and-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Robert W Aldridge, Alistair Story, Stephen W Hwang, Merete Nordentoft, Serena A Luchenski, Greg Hartwell, Emily J Tweed, Dan Lewer, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Andrew C Hayward
BACKGROUND: Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Oct 1, 2015...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133266/mapping-suicide-mortality-in-ohio-a-spatial-epidemiological-analysis-of-suicide-clusters-and-area-level-correlates
#6
Cynthia A Fontanella, Daniel M Saman, John V Campo, Danielle L Hiance-Steelesmith, Jeffrey Bridge, Helen Anne Sweeney, Elisabeth D Root
Previous studies have investigated spatial patterning and associations of area characteristics with suicide rates in Western and Asian countries, but few have been conducted in the United States. This ecological study aims to identify high-risk clusters of suicide in Ohio and assess area level correlates of these clusters. We estimated spatially smoothed standardized mortality ratios (SMR) using Bayesian conditional autoregressive models (CAR) for the period 2004 to 2013. Spatial and spatio-temporal scan statistics were used to detect high-risk clusters of suicide at the census tract level (N=2952)...
November 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126943/suge-belongs-to-the-small-multidrug-resistance-smr-protein-family-involved-in-tributyltin-tbt-biodegradation-and-bioremediation-by-alkaliphilic-stenotrophomonas-chelatiphaga-hs2
#7
Hamdy A Hassan
Tributyltin (TBT) used in a variety of industrial processes, subsequent discharge into the environment, its fate, toxicity and human exposure are topics of current concern. TBT degradation by alkaliphilic bacteria may be a key factor in the remediation of TBT in high pH contaminated sites. In this study, Stenotrophomonas chelatiphaga HS2 were isolated and identified from TBT contaminated site in Mediterranean Sea. S. chelatiphaga HS2 has vigor capability to transform TBT into dibutyltin and monobutyltin (DBT and MBT) at pH 9 and 7% NaCl (w/v)...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125192/long-term-outcomes-among-2-year-survivors-of-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-hodgkin-and-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#8
Regina M Myers, Brian T Hill, Bronwen E Shaw, Soyoung Kim, Heather R Millard, Minoo Battiwalla, Navneet S Majhail, David Buchbinder, Hillard M Lazarus, Bipin N Savani, Mary E D Flowers, Anita D'Souza, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Amelia Langston, Jean A Yared, Robert J Hayashi, Andrew Daly, Richard F Olsson, Yoshihiro Inamoto, Adriana K Malone, Zachariah DeFilipp, Steven P Margossian, Anne B Warwick, Samantha Jaglowski, Amer Beitinjaneh, Henry Fung, Kimberly A Kasow, David I Marks, Jana Reynolds, Keith Stockerl-Goldstein, Baldeep Wirk, William A Wood, Mehdi Hamadani, Prakash Satwani
BACKGROUND: Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT) is a standard therapy for relapsed classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); however, long-term outcomes are not well described. METHODS: This study analyzed survival, nonrelapse mortality, late effects, and subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in 1617 patients who survived progression-free for ≥2 years after auto-HCT for cHL or DLBCL between 1990 and 2008. The median age at auto-HCT was 40 years; the median follow-up was 10...
November 10, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124996/a-30-year-mortality-and-respiratory-morbidity-study-of-refractory-ceramic-fiber-workers
#9
Grace LeMasters, James E Lockey, Timothy J Hilbert, Linda S Levin, Jeff W Burkle, Ralph Shipley, Charles Perme, Cristopher A Meyer, Carol H Rice
AIM: Report mortality (n = 1119), cancer incidence (n = 1207) and radiographic (n = 1451) findings from a 30-year investigation of current and former refractory ceramic fiber (RCF) workers. METHODS: Cause of death, health and work histories, radiographs and spirometry were collected. Mortality and cancer incidence were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis investigated the associations of latency and cumulative fiber exposure (CFE) on radiographic changes...
August 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124468/mortality-following-benign-sacral-insufficiency-fracture-and-associated-risk-factors
#10
Jae-Woo Park, Sang-Min Park, Hui Jong Lee, Choon-Ki Lee, Bong-Soon Chang, Hyoungmin Kim
This study demonstrated increased mortality following sacral insufficiency fractures as with other major osteoporotic fractures. The 6-month mortality rate was 9.8%, the 1-year mortality rate was 17.5%, and the 3-year mortality rate was 25.5%. Sex- and age-adjusted standardized mortality ratio increased after fractures. INTRODUCTION: There are no data about mortality after sacral insufficiency fractures. The purposes of this study were to investigate the mortality rate among sacral insufficiency fracture patients and to identify risk factors associated with mortality...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119762/-mortality-study-update-of-workers-exposed-to-vinyl-chloride-in-plants-located-in-ferrara-and-ravenna-emilia-romagna-region-northern-italy
#11
Corrado Scarnato, Rossella Rambaldi, Gianpiero Mancini, Sandra Olanda, Maria Rosa Spagnolo, Elisabetta Previati, Valerio Parmeggiani, Salvatore Minisci, Pietro Comba, Roberta Pirastu
OBJECTIVES: to update the mortality study of subjects exposed to vinyl chloride in the phases of synthesis of the monomer and polymerization in the plants of Ferrara and Ravenna (Emilia-Romagna Region, Northern Italy). DESIGN: both for the whole cohort and for the two plants, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs), with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI), were calculated for different death causes, then stratified by duration and latency, periods of the beginning of work and cumulative exposure (ppm-years)...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119761/-mortality-of-immigrants-in-tuscany-region-central-italy-1997-2013
#12
Nawal Dakka, Andrea Martini, Lucia Giovannetti, Elisabetta Chellini
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate mortality in immigrants dwelling in Tuscany Region (Central Italy) compared to mortality data relating to the Italian population residing in the same region. DESIGN: cross-sectional descriptive mortality study relying on a unique data source, i.e., the Regional Mortality Registry of Tuscany, for the period 1997-2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: in the analysis, immigrants residing in Tuscany were included; Italian residing in the same region were the comparison population...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112596/increased-cardiac-and-stroke-death-risk-in-the-first-year-after-discontinuation-of-postmenopausal-hormone-therapy
#13
Minttu Venetkoski, Hanna Savolainen-Peltonen, Päivi Rahkola-Soisalo, Fabian Hoti, Pia Vattulainen, Mika Gissler, Olavi Ylikorkala, Tomi S Mikkola
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of cardiac and stroke deaths in women who discontinue postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT). METHODS: We analyzed the risk of death due to cardiac (n = 5,204) and cerebrovascular (n = 3,434) causes in Finnish women who discontinued systemic HT during 1994 to 2013 (n = 432,775). The risks were compared with those in the age-matched female background population and with those in age-matched HT users...
November 13, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110076/testing-hypoxia-physiological-effects-of-long-term-exposure-in-two-freshwater-fishes
#14
Kayla L Gilmore, Zoe A Doubleday, Bronwyn M Gillanders
Hypoxic or oxygen-free zones are linked to large-scale mortalities of fauna in aquatic environments. Studies investigating the hypoxia tolerance of fish are limited and focused on marine species and short-term exposure. However, there has been minimal effort to understand the implications of long-term exposure on fish and their ability to acclimate. To test the effects of long-term exposure (months) of fish to hypoxia we devised a novel method to control the level of available oxygen. Juvenile golden perch (Macquaria ambigua ambigua), and silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus), two key native species found within the Murray Darling Basin, Australia, were exposed to different temperatures (20, 24 and 28 °C) combined with normoxic (6-8 mgO2 L(-1) or 12-14 kPa) and hypoxic (3-4 mgO2 L(-1) or 7-9 kPa) conditions...
November 6, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101144/charcot-marie-tooth-disease-in-denmark-a-nationwide-register-based-study-of-mortality-prevalence-and-incidence
#15
Signe Vaeth, Michael Vaeth, Henning Andersen, Rikke Christensen, Uffe Birk Jensen
OBJECTIVES: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited disorder of the peripheral nervous system, yet no studies have compared the mortality in patients with CMT with that of the general population, and prevalence estimates vary considerably. We performed a nationwide register-based study to investigate the prevalence, incidence and mortality of CMT in Denmark. DESIGN: We used the Danish National Patient Registry to select all records with primary diagnostic codes for CMT between 1977 and 2012 given at a neurological, neurophysiological, paediatric or clinical genetic clinic...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096679/epidemiological-comparison-between-the-navarra-major-trauma-registry-and-the-german-trauma-registry-tr-dgu%C3%A2
#16
B Ali Ali, R Lefering, M Fortun Moral, T Belzunegui Otano
BACKGROUND: International benchmarking can help identify trauma system performance issues and determine the extent to which other countries also experience these. When problems are identified, countries can look to high performers for insight into possible responses. The objective of this study was to compare the treatment and outcome of severely injured patients in Germany and Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Data collected, from 2010 to 2013, in the Navarra Major Trauma Registry (NMTR) and the TraumaRegister DGU® (TR-DGU) were compared...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092520/a-brain-controlled-lower-limb-exoskeleton-for-human-gait-training
#17
Dong Liu, Weihai Chen, Zhongcai Pei, Jianhua Wang
Brain-computer interfaces have been a novel approach to translate human intentions into movement commands in robotic systems. This paper describes an electroencephalogram-based brain-controlled lower-limb exoskeleton for gait training, as a proof of concept towards rehabilitation with human-in-the-loop. Instead of using conventional single electroencephalography correlates, e.g., evoked P300 or spontaneous motor imagery, we propose a novel framework integrated two asynchronous signal modalities, i.e., sensorimotor rhythms (SMRs) and movement-related cortical potentials (MRCPs)...
October 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090400/no-effects-of-successful-bidirectional-smr-feedback-training-on-objective-and-subjective-sleep-in-healthy-subjects
#18
Olaf Binsch, Ellen S Wilschut, Martijn Arns, Charelle Bottenheft, Pierre J L Valk, Eric H G J M Vermetten
There is a growing interest in the application of psychophysiological signals in more applied settings. Unidirectional sensory motor rhythm-training (SMR) has demonstrated consistent effects on sleep. In this study the main aim was to analyze to what extent participants could gain voluntary control over sleep-related parameters and secondarily to assess possible influences of this training on sleep metrics. Bidirectional training of SMR as well as heart rate variability (HRV) was used to assess the feasibility of training these parameters as possible brain computer interfaces (BCI) signals, and assess effects normally associated with unidirectional SMR training such as the influence on objective and subjective sleep parameters...
October 31, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089246/osteoarthritis-and-other-long-term-health-conditions-in-former-elite-cricketers
#19
Mary E Jones, Madeleine A M Davies, Kirsten M Leyland, Antonella Delmestri, Angus Porter, Jason Ratcliffe, Nick Peirce, Julia L Newton, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the prevalence and risk of chronic conditions in former elite cricketers compared to a normal population, and describe wellbeing in former elite cricketers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Former elite cricketers, recruited from the Professional Cricketers' Association, completed a self-report cross-sectional questionnaire. The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) served as the normal population...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084125/mortality-of-the-personnel-of-an-interforce-military-shooting-range-in-sardinia-italy-1990-2010
#20
Giannina Satta, Michela Ursi, Elisabetta Garofalo, Elisabetta Masala, Claudia Pili, Ileana D'Andrea, Annarita Tocco, Giuseppe Avataneo, Maria Valeria Flore, Marcello Campagna, Pierluigi Cocco
BACKGROUND: As several media reports suggested an increase in cancer mortality in the surrounding area, we investigated the mortality experience of the military personnel of the Interforce shooting range of Salto di Quirra (PISQ) in Sardinia, Italy. METHODS: Based on the PISQ registers, we reconstructed the cohort of 6,828 military personnel who had been employed at PISQ for at least six months on January 1, 1990 or entered subsequently up to June 30, 2005. We searched for life status or date, place, and cause of death of each cohort member up to December 31, 2010...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
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