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Connie M Rhee, Steven M Brunelli, Lalita Subramanian, Francesca Tentori
Patients' experience of care (PEC) is as an important dimension in quality of care. As a distinct entity from patient satisfaction and patient health-related quality of life, PEC is defined as patients' perceptions of the range of interactions they have with the health care system, including care from providers, facilities, and health plans. While traditionally PEC may be ascertained via informal assessments, in recent years, especially in the United States, there has been a shift towards standardized surveillance of PEC amongst dialysis patients in order to: (1) set a normative expectation regarding the importance of PEC; (2) standardize the components of patients' experience that are assessed to minimize potential "blind spots"; (3) provide a direct "voice" to the patient in communicating perceptions of their care; (4) facilitate comparisons of quality across facilities; and (5) broaden accountability for PEC to the entire multidisciplinary dialysis care team...
April 2018: Journal of Nephrology
Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rakhi Khemka, Taniya Datta, Suparna Mitra
Ultrasound-guided Pecs block can provide perioperative analgesia for breast surgery. A single-injection technique (COMBIPECS) combines both Pecs 1 and Pecs 2 blocks in a single needle pass. This technique saves time and is equally effective as the modified Pecs block which uses 2 needle passes. We present a case series of 21 patients who received the COMBIPECS block as a part of multimodal analgesia for breast cancer surgery. The block was administered before the surgery after induction of general anesthesia...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Savio J A Moniz, Christopher S Blackman, Paul Southern, Paul M Weaver, Junwang Tang, Claire J Carmalt
Phase-pure BiFeO3 films were grown directly via dual-source low-pressure CVD (LPCVD) from the ligand-matched precursors [Bi(O(t)Bu)3] and [Fe(O(t)Bu)3]2, without the requirement for oxidising gas or post deposition annealing. Photocatalytic testing for water oxidation revealed extremely high activity for PEC water splitting and photocatalytic water oxidation under visible light irradiation (λ > 420 nm) with a benchmark IPCE for BiFeO3 of 23% at 400 nm. The high activity is ascribed to the ultrafine morphology achieved via the LPCVD process...
October 21, 2015: Nanoscale
A Manikandan, S Arul Antony, R Sridhar, Seeram Ramakrishna, M Bououdina
Ni-doped ZnFe2O4 (Ni(X)Zn1-x,Fe2O4; x = 0.0 to 0.5) nanoparticles were synthesized by simple microwave combustion method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirms that all compositions crystallize with cubic spinel ZnFe2O4. The lattice parameter decreases with increase in Ni content resulting in the reduction of lattice strain. High resolution scanning electron microscope (HR-SEM) and transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM) images revealed that the as-prepared samples are crystalline with particle size distribution in 42-50 nm range...
July 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Leslie J Saunders, Asit Mazumder, Christopher J Lowe
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are emerging chemicals of concern detected in surface waters globally. Recent reviews advocate that PPCP occurrence, fate, and exposure need to be better predicted and characterized. The use of pharmaceutical prescription rates to estimate PPCP concentrations in the environment has been suggested. Concentrations of 7 pharmaceuticals (acetylsalicylic acid, diclofenac, fenoprofen, gemfibrozil, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, and naproxen) were measured in municipal wastewater using gas chromatography/ion trap-tandem mass spectroscopy (GC/IT-MS/MS)...
April 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Hong Bao, Fengying Gao, Guogang Xie, Zhenwei Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) treatment suppresses the severity of acute lung injury (ALI). The effects of ACE2 in ALI have been shown to not only result from its antagonizing hydrolyzing angiotensin II (AngII), which is responsible for reduction in the vascular tension and pulmonary accumulation of inflammatory cells, but also result from a role of ACE2 in suppressing the ALI-induced apoptosis of pulmonary endothelial cells (PECs). Nevertheless, the underlying mechanisms of the role of ACE2 on PEC apoptosis are not completely understood...
2015: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Mónika Kaj, Éva Tékus, Ivett Juhász, Katinka Stomp, Márta Wilhelm
This study compared the physical fitness of Hungarian undergraduate students in 2011-2012 with the representative sample surveyed in 1997-1998. A total of 123 males and 309 females (mean age 21.19 ± 2.19 yrs) were randomly selected in two Hungarian universities (Pécs, Kaposvár). Anthropometric data (height, weight, skinfolds, body fat percentages) were measured and the subjects performed 9 tests of the Eurofit Fitness Test Battery. The BMI, total body fat and performance in most of the fitness components (balance, agility/speed, flexibility, abdominal muscular strength, aerobic fitness of females) was higher in 1997-1998 (p<0...
September 2015: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Byung Woo Jhun, Se Jin Kim, Kang Kim, Ji Eun Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that patients with acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) and with initial eosinophilia have a milder disease than those with an initial normal peripheral eosinophil count (PEC). We investigated the effect of a rapid corticosteroid tapering strategy in AEP patients with initial eosinophilia. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study in patients with AEP with initial eosinophilia (n = 14) who stopped corticosteroid treatment after achieving clinical stabilization compared with AEP patients with an initial normal PEC (n = 45) who received 2-week treatment with corticosteroid...
November 2015: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Yun Gun, Gwang Yeom Song, Vu Hong Vinh Quy, Jaeyeong Heo, Hyunjung Lee, Kwang-Soon Ahn, Soon Hyung Kang
Inverse opal (IO) films of tin dioxide (SnO2) were fabricated on polystyrene (PS) beads (diameter=350 nm (±20 nm) with a spin coating method. To compensate for the large band gap (Eg=3.8 eV), a thin TiO2 shell was deposited on the SnO2-IO films with atomic layer deposition (ALD), which produced shells with thicknesses of 10-40 nm. The morphological changes and crystalline properties of the SnO2 and TiO2-coated SnO2 (herein after referred to as TiO2/SnO2) IO films were investigated with field-emission scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, respectively...
September 16, 2015: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ke Fan, Fusheng Li, Lei Wang, Quentin Daniel, Hong Chen, Erik Gabrielsson, Junliang Sun, Licheng Sun
Photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells for light-driven water splitting are prepared using hematite nanorod arrays on conductive glass as the photoanode. These devices improve the photocurrent of the hematite-based photoanode for water splitting, owing to fewer surface traps and decreased electron recombination resulting from the one-dimensional structure. By employing a molecular ruthenium co-catalyst, which contains a strong 2,6-pyridine-dicarboxylic acid anchoring group at the hematite photoanode, the photocurrent of the PEC cell is enhanced with high stability for over 10 000 s in a 1 m KOH solution...
October 12, 2015: ChemSusChem
Dandan Xu, Zewen Fu, Dejun Wang, Yanhong Lin, Yanjun Sun, Dedong Meng, Teng Feng Xie
For semiconductor-based PEC systems, loading an appropriate cocatalyst on a semiconductor (such as a solar-active material) can significantly improve the PEC activity due to the suppression of photogenerated charge recombination. But there is little direct information about the role of a cocatalyst in the spatial separation of photogenerated charge carriers. In our work, a combination of surface photovoltage spectroscopy (SPS), transient photovoltage (TPV) technique, photoelectrochemical impedance spectroscopy (PEIS) and transient photocurrent measurements was used to study the real role of Ni(OH)2 as a cocatalyst for the enhanced PEC performance of Ni(OH)2-modified Ti-doped α-Fe2O3...
October 7, 2015: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Sarra Abbad, Zhenhai Zhang, Ayman Y Waddad, Were L L Munyendo, Huixia Lv, Jianping Zhou
In this study, chitosan-modified basic amino acid derivatives were explored as novel absorption enhancers and nanocarriers for oral insulin delivery. N-Arginine-chitosan (ACS) and N-histidine-chitosan (HCS) were successfully synthesized, and their polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) with insulin were formed by the ordinary self-assembly method. The obtained PECs exhibited a spherical morphology with a narrow size of 205-303 nm, positive surface charge (ζ potential + 14- + 27 mV) and encapsulation efficiency of approximately 80%...
March 2015: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Dawei Fan, Cuijuan Guo, Hongmin Ma, Di Zhao, Yina Li, Dan Wu, Qin Wei
A novel aptasensor for thrombin with high visible-light activity was facilely fabricated based on graphitic carbon nitride/TiO2 (g-C3N4/TiO2) photoelectrochemical (PEC) composite. Crystallization of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and their strong interaction with g-C3N4 sheet were confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM), both of which contributed to the high photocurrent intensity under visible-light irradiation. Carboxyl functionalized thrombin aptamers were first successfully bound to the g-C3N4/TiO2 modified electrode as proven by photoelectrochemical test and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis...
January 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Pravin S Shinde, Hyun Hwi Lee, Su Yong Lee, Young Mi Lee, Jum Suk Jang
Herein, we demonstrate that an electrochemical surface treatment of Fe foil with simple pulse reverse electrodeposition (PRED) prior to thermal oxidation can substantially enhance the photoelectrochemical (PEC) stability and water splitting performance of Fe2O3/Fe photoanodes. Comprehensive structural (XRD, FESEM, and HRTEM), compositional (XPS depth profiling), and electrochemical (EIS and Mott-Schottky) analyses were performed to understand the effect of PRED treatment on the PEC performance of fabricated photoanodes...
September 28, 2015: Nanoscale
Juan Wang, Zhihong Liu, Chengguo Hu, Shengshui Hu
Ultrasensitive multiplexed detection of biomarkers on a single electrode is usually a great challenge for electrochemical sensors. Here, a light addressable photoelectrochemical sensor (LAPECS) for the sensitive detection of multiple DNA biomarkers on a single electrode was reported. The sensor was constructed through four steps: (1) immobilization of capture DNA (C-DNA) of different targets on different areas of a single large-sized gold film electrode, (2) recognition of each target DNA (T-DNA) and the corresponding biotin-labeled probe DNA (P-DNA) through hybridization, (3) reaction of the biotin-labeled probe DNA with a streptavidin-labeled all-carbon PEC bioprobe, and (4) PEC detection of multiple DNA targets one by one via a light addressing strategy...
September 15, 2015: Analytical Chemistry
Deheng Shi, Ziyue Song, Xianghong Niu, Jinfeng Sun, Zunlue Zhu
The PECs are calculated for the 27 Λ-S states and their corresponding 73 Ω states of AsS radical. Of these Λ-S states, only the 2(2)Δ and 5(4)Π states are replulsive. The 1(2)Σ(+), 2(2)Σ(+), 4(2)Π, 3(4)Δ, 3(4)Σ(+), and 4(4)Π states possess double wells. The 3(2)Σ(+) state possesses three wells. The A(2)Π, 3(2)Π, 1(2)Φ, 2(4)Π, 3(4)Π, 2(4)Δ, 3(4)Δ, 1(6)Σ(+), and 1(6)Π states are inverted with the SO coupling effect included. The 1(4)Σ(+), 2(4)Σ(+), 2(4)Σ(-), 2(4)Δ, 1(4)Φ, 1(6)Σ(+), and 1(6)Π states, the second wells of 1(2)Σ(+), 3(4)Σ(+), 4(2)Π, 4(4)Π, and 3(4)Δ states, and the third well of 3(2)Σ(+) state are very weakly-bound states...
January 15, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Hongxia Li, Yanhao Yu, Matthew B Starr, Zhaodong Li, Xudong Wang
Controlling the interface electronic band structure in heterostructures is essential for developing highly efficient photoelectrochemical (PEC) photoanodes. Here, we presented an enhanced oxygen evolution reaction (OER) by introducing the piezotronics concept, i.e., piezoelectric polarization (Ppz)-induced band engineering. In a Ni(OH)2-decorated ZnO photoanode system, appreciably improved photocurrent density of sulfite (SO3(2-)) and hydroxyl (OH(-)) oxidation reactions were obtained by physically deflecting the photoanode...
September 3, 2015: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Mark Hettick, Maxwell Zheng, Yongjing Lin, Carolin M Sutter-Fella, Joel W Ager, Ali Javey
To date, some of the highest performance photocathodes of a photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell have been shown with single-crystalline p-type InP wafers, exhibiting half-cell solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiencies of over 14%. However, the high cost of single-crystalline InP wafers may present a challenge for future large-scale industrial deployment. Analogous to solar cells, a thin-film approach could address the cost challenges by utilizing the benefits of the InP material while decreasing the use of expensive materials and processes...
June 18, 2015: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Kahee Shin, Jong Hyeok Park
Vertically aligned one-dimensional (1D) titanium dioxide (TiO2) arrays on transparent conducting oxide (TCO) substrates, which can act as host electron transport materials for low bandgap materials, were synthesized via a hydrothermal reaction combined with a controlled chemical etching process. By controlling the chemical etching conditions, we can maximize the light transmission properties of the 1D TiO2 arrays, which is beneficial for the front electrode in photoelectrochemical (PEC) tandem configurations...
August 26, 2015: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yong Liu, Kai Yan, Otieno Kevin Okoth, Jingdong Zhang
A photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensing platform for chloramphenicol (CAP) detection was constructed using nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) as transducer species and label-free aptamer as biological recognition element. N-GQDs, synthesized via a facile one-step hydrothermal method, were explored to achieve highly efficient photon-to-electricity conversion under visible light irradiation. The obtained N-GQDs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which displayed a narrow size distribution with a mean diameter of 2...
December 15, 2015: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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