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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434083/predictors-of-a-successful-outcome-for-infants-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-30-year-single-institution-experience
#1
Tatsuru Kaji, Kazuhiko Nakame, Seiro Machigashira, Takafumi Kawano, Ryuta Masuya, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to establish the predictors of survival and weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 16 SBS infants treated at our institution within a 30-year period. SBS was defined as a residual small-bowel length (RSBL) of <75 cm. Loss of the ileocecal valve (ICV), cholestasis (D-Bil >2.0 mg/dl), enterostomy, and RSBL were all evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432701/ovarian-follicle-development-and-genital-tract-characteristics-in-different-birthweight-gilts-at-150%C3%A2-days-of-age
#2
Frcl Almeida, Aln Alvarenga Dias, L P Moreira, Atl Fiúza, H Chiarini-Garcia
In the last decades, selection for improved prolificacy has resulted in higher litter sizes and has thereby increased the proportion of low birthweight (LW) piglets. It is well documented that LW piglets have lower growth performance, muscle accretion and poor carcass quality. However, little is known about the relations of birthweight with subsequent reproductive performance in gilts. This study investigated the effects of birthweight on reproductive tract and ovarian follicle development in 150-day-old gilts...
April 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430296/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-the-outcome-of-surgical-patients-receiving-extracorporeal-devices-vv-ecmo-pecla-for-respiratory-failure
#3
Justyna Swol, Dirk Buchwald, Justus T Strauch, Thomas A Schildhauer, Christopher Ull
INTRODUCTION: To determine whether obese surgical patients are at a significant disadvantage in terms of outcomes after extracorporeal device (ECD) support, such as veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) or pumpless extracorporeal lung assist (pECLA), for respiratory failure, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and hospital outcomes was analyzed. METHODS: This retrospective study included data on patients who were supported with an ECD between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430051/reversible-postoperative-blindness-caused-by-bilateral-status-epilepticus-amauroticus-following-thoracolumbar-deformity-correction-case-report
#4
Tarik F Ibrahim, Rochelle T Sweis, Russ P Nockels
Postoperative vision loss (POVL) is a devastating complication and has been reported after complex spine procedures. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and posterior optic neuropathy are the 2 most common causes of POVL. Bilateral occipital lobe seizures causing complete blindness are rare and have not been reported as a cause of POVL after spine surgery with the patient prone. The authors report the case of a 67-year-old man without a history of seizures who underwent a staged thoracolumbar deformity correction and developed POVL 6 hours after surgery...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430046/an-outpatient-methadone-weaning-program-by-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-for-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#5
Andrew Lai, Patrick Philpot, Jenny Boucher, Andrew Meyer
Through retrospective chart review, this study described characteristics and length of stay for a cohort of newborns discharged on methadone following an inpatient weaning for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Data were assessed for all term infants born between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014, admitted to the hospital with a co-diagnosis of NAS at discharge, for gestational age, length of stay, days on treatment protocol before discharge, time to once-daily interval methadone dosing, and hospital charges, as well as for categorical characteristics...
April 21, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429991/effects-of-medium-chain-triglycerides-on-intestinal-morphology-and-energy-metabolism-of-intrauterine-growth-retarded-weanling-piglets
#6
Li-Li Zhang, Hao Zhang, Yue Li, Tian Wang
It has been shown that there is a relationship between intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and postnatal intestinal damage involved in energy deficits. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) on the intestinal morphology, intestinal function and energy metabolism of piglets with IUGR. At weaning (21 ± 1.1 d of age), 24 IUGR piglets and 24 normal birth weight (NBW) piglets were selected according to their birth weights (BW) (IUGR: 0.95 ± 0...
June 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427027/multisensory-temporal-function-and-eeg-complexity-in-patients-with-epilepsy-and-psychogenic-nonepileptic-events
#7
Jean-Paul Noel, LeAnne Kurela, Sarah H Baum, Hong Yu, Joseph S Neimat, Martin J Gallagher, Mark Wallace
Cognitive and perceptual comorbidities frequently accompany epilepsy and psychogenic nonepileptic events (PNEE). However, and despite the fact that perceptual function is built upon a multisensory foundation, little knowledge exists concerning multisensory function in these populations. Here, we characterized facets of multisensory processing abilities in patients with epilepsy and PNEE, and probed the relationship between individual resting-state EEG complexity and these psychophysical measures in each patient...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427009/early-in-life-dietary-zinc-deficiency-and-supplementation-and-mammary-tumor-development-in-adulthood-female-rats
#8
Flávia R M da Silva, Tony F Grassi, Joyce R Zapaterini, Lucas T Bidinotto, Luis F Barbisan
Zinc deficiency during pregnancy and postnatal life can adversely increase risk of developing human diseases at adulthood. The present study was designed to evaluate whether dietary zinc deficiency or supplementation during the pregnancy, lactation and juvenile stages interferes in the development of mammary tumors induced by 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) in female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Pregnant female SD rats were allocated into three groups: zinc-adequate diet (ZnA - 35-mg/kg chow), zinc-deficient diet (ZnD - 3-mg/kg chow) or zinc-supplemented diet (ZnS - 180-mg/kg chow) during gestational day 10 (GD 10) until the litters' weaning...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426544/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-where-are-we-and-where-do-we-go-from-here
#9
Laura Brandt, Loretta P Finnegan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the last 15 years the prevalence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) increased almost five-fold. A considerable diversity seems to prevail in the management of NAS. This review provides an overview of factors affecting the expression and course of NAS, and recent developments in NAS assessment and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Apart from different pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment modalities, maturity of the infant and genetic variations likely are (co)responsible for interpatient variability in NAS severity, despite similar maternal exposure...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424314/muscle-biochemistry-of-a-pelagic-delphinid-stenella-longirostris-longirostris-insight-into-fishery-induced-separation-of-mothers-and-calves
#10
Shawn R Noren, Kristi West
The length of time required for postnatal maturation of the locomotor muscle (longissimus dorsi) biochemistry [myoglobin (Mb) content and buffering capacity] in marine mammals typically varies with nursing duration, but it can be accelerated by species-specific behavioral demands, such as deep-diving and sub-ice transit. We examined how the swimming demands of a pelagic lifestyle influence postnatal maturation of Mb and buffering capacity in spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris longirostris). Mb content of newborn (1...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424056/use-of-multi-trait-and-random-regression-models-to-identify-genetic-variation-in-tolerance-to-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#11
Graham Lough, Hamed Rashidi, Ilias Kyriazakis, Jack C M Dekkers, Andrew Hess, Melanie Hess, Nader Deeb, Antti Kause, Joan K Lunney, Raymond R R Rowland, Han A Mulder, Andrea Doeschl-Wilson
BACKGROUND: A host can adopt two response strategies to infection: resistance (reduce pathogen load) and tolerance (minimize impact of infection on performance). Both strategies may be under genetic control and could thus be targeted for genetic improvement. Although there is evidence that supports a genetic basis for resistance to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), it is not known whether pigs also differ genetically in tolerance. We determined to what extent pigs that have been shown to vary genetically in resistance to PRRS also exhibit genetic variation in tolerance...
April 19, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423883/comparison-of-growth-performance-of-berkshire-purebreds-and-crossbreds-sired-by-hereford-and-tamworth-breeds-raised-in-alternative-production-system
#12
Hyeon-Suk Park, Kristal Spann, Niki Whitley, Sang-Hyon Oh
Objective: The objective of the present study was to compare growth performance of Berkshire purebred pigs (BB), Hereford (HB) and/or Tamworth (TB) sired Berkshire crossbred pigs reared in a hoop structure in two experiments. Methods: In the first experiment, BB was compared to TB while HB and TB were compared in the second. Body weights (BW) were recorded at 3 days of age and every 28 days from birth until 140 days of age. There was no significant difference between the BW of BB and TB, but HB was heavier than TB by 84 days of age...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423882/various-levels-of-rapeseed-meal-in-weaning-pig-diet-from-weaning-to-finishing-periods
#13
Sung Ho Do, Byeong Ock Kim, Lin Hu Fang, Dong Hyeon You, Jin Su Hong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of rapeseed meal (RSM) supplementation in weaning pig diet on growth performance, blood profile, carcass characteristics and economic analysis on weaning to finishing pigs. Methods: A total of 120 cross bred ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc) weaning pigs were allotted to 5 treatments in a randomized complete block (RCB) design. Each treatment had 4 replications with 6 pigs per pen. Five different levels of RSM (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8%) were used as dietary treatments...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423879/effects-of-various-weaning-times-on-growth-performance-rumen-fermentation-and-microbial-population-of-yellow-cattle-calves
#14
Huiling Mao, Yuefeng Xia, Yan Tu, Chong Wang, Qiyu Diao
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of weaning times on the growth performance, rumen fermentation and microbial communities of yellow cattle calves. Methods: Eighteen calves were assigned to a conventional management group that was normally weaned (NW, n = 3) or to early weaned (EW) group where calves were weaned when the feed intake of solid feed (starter) reached 500 g (EW500, n = 5), 750 g (EW750, n = 5), or 1000 g (EW1000, n = 5)...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423876/effects-of-confinement-on-physiological-and-psychological-response-and-expression-of-il-6-and-bdnf-mrna-in-primiparous-and-multiparous-weaning-sows
#15
Mingyue Zhang, Xiang Li, Jianhong Li, Hanqing Sun, Xiaohui Zhang, Jun Bao
Objective: The present study aimed to investigate whether the long-lasting, recurrent restricting of sows leads to the physiological and psychological reaction of discomfort. Methods: Sows (Large White) that had experienced restricting for about 0.5 or 3 years and age-matched sows kept in a group housing system (loose sows) were compared. PLR parameters were measured at the weaning stage. Immediately after slaughter, blood samples were taken to measure serum cortisol levels, and the brain was dissected, gene expression in the hippocampus, frontal cortex and hypothalamus was analyzed...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420388/association-between-maternal-intake-of-n-6-to-n-3-fatty-acid-ratio-during-pregnancy-and-infant-neurodevelopment-at-6-months-of-age-results-of-the-moceh-cohort-study
#16
Hyejin Kim, Hyesook Kim, Eunjung Lee, Yeni Kim, Eun-Hee Ha, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are essential for infant neurodevelopment. The nutritional adequacy of dietary LC-PUFAs depends not only on the LC-PUFAs intake but also on the n-6 to n-3 fatty acid ratio (n-6/n-3 PUFAs). This study aimed to identify the association between the maternal dietary n-6/n-3 PUFAs and motor and cognitive development of infants at 6 months of age. METHODS: We used data from 960 participants in the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study, which is a multi-center prospective cohort study...
April 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419284/laser-thermal-ablation-for-metastases-failing-radiosurgery-a-multicentered-retrospective-study
#17
Tafadzwa L Chaunzwa, Di Deng, Eric C Leuthardt, Stephen B Tatter, Alireda M Mohammadi, Gene H Barnett, Veronica L Chiang
BACKGROUND: Radiosurgical failure following stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastases can be attributed to tumor regrowth or radiation necrosis. MRI-guided laser thermal ablation (LTA) therapy has emerged as an option for treatment; however, previous literature demonstrates variable results across centers. OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of LTA in the treatment of metastases failing radiosurgery across multiple centers and to determine if any treatment factors are predictive of outcome...
April 13, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418794/microbial-diversity-in-milk-of-women-with-mastitis-potential-role-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-viridans-group-streptococci-and-corynebacteria
#18
Pilar Mediano, Leonides Fernández, Esther Jiménez, Rebeca Arroyo, Irene Espinosa-Martos, Juan M Rodríguez, María Marín
BACKGROUND: Lactational mastitis constitutes a significant cause of premature weaning. However, its etiology, linked to the presence of pathogenic microorganisms, has been scarcely reported. Research aim: The aim of this study was to describe the microbial diversity in milk samples from women suffering from lactational mastitis and to identify more accurately a collection of isolates belonging to coagulase-negative staphylococci, streptococci, and coryneform bacteria. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive one-group study...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417351/detrimental-effect-of-maternal-and-post-weaning-high-fat-diet-on-the-reproductive-function-in-the-adult-female-offspring-rat-roles-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-and-the-ovarian-circadian-clock
#19
Yu-Ju Lin, Ching-Chou Tsai, Li-Tung Huang, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, Mao-Meng Tiao, Hong-Ren Yu, Chih-Cheng Chen, You-Lin Tain
PURPOSE: We evaluate the impact of maternal and post-weaning high-fat (HF) diet on ovarian follicular population, steroidogenesis, and gene expression with a focus on the circadian clock system and insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2) in adult offspring ovaries, and to elucidate whether a maternal and post-weaning diet confers similar risks. METHODS: Virgin Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with normal chow (C) diet or HF diet for 5 weeks before mating, during gestation, and lactation...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417300/a-live-gi-ge-deleted-pseudorabies-virus-prv-protects-weaned-piglets-against-lethal-variant-prv-challenge
#20
Yue Yin, Zhiwen Xu, Xiaowan Liu, Ping Li, Fan Yang, Jun Zhao, Yi Fan, Xiangang Sun, Ling Zhu
Emerging pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant has led to frequent outbreaks of PRV infection among Bartha-K61-vaccinated swine population in Chinese swine farms and caused high mortality in pigs of all age since late 2011. Here, we generated a gE/gI-deleted PRV (rPRVXJ-delgI/gE-EGFP) based on PRV variant strain (PRV-XJ) through homologous DNA recombination. Compared to parental strain, rPRVXJ-delgI/gE-EGFP showed similar growth kinetics in vitro. Its safety and immunogenicity were evaluated in weaned piglets. Our results showed that piglets immunized with rPRVXJ-delgI/gE-EGFP did not exhibit any clinical symptoms, and a high level of gB-specific antibody was detected...
April 17, 2017: Virus Genes
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