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Long thoracic nerve block

J A García Liñeiro, G H Graziotti, J M Rodríguez Menéndez, C M Ríos, N O Affricano, C L Victorica
The epaxial muscles produce intervertebral rotation in the transverse, vertical and axial axes. These muscles also counteract the movements induced by gravitational and inertial forces and movements produced by antagonistic muscles and the intrinsic muscles of the pelvic limb. Their fascicles are innervated by the dorsal branch of the spinal nerve, which corresponds to the metamere of its cranial insertion in the spinous process. The structure allows the function of the muscles to be predicted: those with long and parallel fibres have a shortening function, whereas the muscles with short and oblique fibres have an antigravity action...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
Hugh A Gelabert, David A Rigberg, Jessica B O'Connell, Sinan Jabori, Juan Carlos Jimenez, Steven Farley
OBJECTIVE: The transaxillary approach to thoracic outlet decompression in the presence of cervical ribs offers the advantage of less manipulation of the brachial plexus and associated nerves. This may result in reduced incidence of perioperative complications, such as nerve injuries. Our objective was to report contemporary data for a series of patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) and cervical ribs managed through a transaxillary approach. METHODS: We reviewed a prospectively maintained database for all consecutive patients who underwent surgery for TOS and who had a cervical rib...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Tatsuya Kunigo, Takeshi Murouchi, Shuji Yamamoto, Michiaki Yamakage
Background: Serratus plane block is a thoracic truncal block that has been proposed as alternatives for analgesia such as epidural anesthesia and paravertebral block for the anterolateral chest wall. Previously, we performed the clinical study about optimal volume of the local anesthetic in serratus plane block. The primary aim of this study was to assess the pattern of distribution of dye into the serratus plane of cadavers after ultrasound-guided serratus plane injection. Findings: Ultrasound-guided serratus plane injection was performed at the level of the fourth rib on the mid-axillary line in nine adult Thiel-embalmed cadavers...
2018: JA clinical reports
Hyungtae Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Asian journal of anesthesiology
Valérie Decrouy-Duruz, Thierry Christen, Wassim Raffoul
OBJECTIVE Chronic neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury is a major clinical problem. Its management is difficult, and therapeutic approaches vary and include oral medication, neurostimulation, and surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the adequacy of surgical nerve revision in a large series of patients with long-term follow-up. METHODS The authors reviewed the charts of 231 patients (335 nerve injuries) who experienced neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury and underwent surgery for nerve revision at the authors' institution between 1997 and 2012...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Paulo de Souza Junior, Natan da Cruz de Carvalho, Karine de Mattos, Marcelo Abidu Figueiredo, André Luiz Quagliatto Santos
Twenty thoracic limbs of ten Lycalopex gymnocercus were dissected to describe origin and distribution of the nerves forming brachial plexuses. The brachial plexus resulted from the connections between the ventral branches of the last three cervical nerves (C6, C7, and C8) and first thoracic nerve (T1). These branches connected the suprascapular, subscapular, axillary, musculocutaneous, radial, median and ulnar nerves to the intrinsic musculature and connected the brachiocephalic, thoracodorsal, lateral thoracic, long thoracic, cranial pectoral and caudal pectoral nerves to the extrinsic musculature...
March 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Yeon Dong Kim, Jae Yong Yu, Junho Shim, Hyun Joo Heo, Hyungtae Kim
BACKGROUND: Recently, ultrasound has been commonly used. Ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) by posterior approach is more commonly used because anterior approach has been reported to have the risk of phrenic nerve injury. However, posterior approach also has the risk of causing nerve injury because there are risks of encountering dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) and long thoracic nerve (LTN). Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of encountering DSN and LTN during ultrasound-guided IBPB by posterior approach...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Ching-Feng Wu, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Hung-Pin Liu, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Yun-Hen Liu, Yi-Cheng Wu, Yin-Kai Chao, Ching-Yang Wu
BACKGROUND: The establishment of a golden standard for post-operative analgesia after thoracic surgery remains an unresolved issue. Benefiting from the rapid development of single port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), a good candidate for the alleviation of patients' pain is the placement of an intercostal catheter (ICC) safely after uniport VATS. We hypothesized that continual infusion through ICC could provide effective analgesia for patients with only one wound and we evaluate its postoperative analgesic function in uniport VATS patients with or without intercostal nerve blockade...
June 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Hazem M Alkosha, Yasser M Elkiran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Long-term results of sympathectomy in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type 2 varies widely among studies due to nonspecific or vague criteria of diagnosis and absence of outcome predictors that help good patient selection. The objective was to determine the predictors of long-term outcome of sympathectomy in patients with upper limb CRPS type 2. METHODS: A retrospective cohort, in which those who underwent thoracic sympathectomy for upper limb CRPS type 2 from 2007 to 2014, were included...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
Poonam Shilal, Rohit Kumar Sarda, Kalpana Chhetri, Polly Lama, Binod Kumar Tamang
Pre and post-fixed variations at roots of the brachial plexus have been well documented, however little is known about the variations that exist in the branches which arise from the brachial plexus. In this paper, we describe about one such rare variation related to the dorsal scapular and the long thoracic nerve, which are the branches arising from the roots of the brachial plexus. The variation was found during routine dissection. The dorsal scapular nerve, which routinely arises from the fifth cervical nerve root (C5), was seen to receive contributions from C5 as well as sixth cervical nerve (C6), while the long thoracic nerve arose from C6 and seventh cervical nerves (C7) only...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Alan D Kaye, Mark V Boswell, Sanjay Bakshi, Christopher G Gharibo, Vahid Grami, Jay S Grider, Sanjeeva Gupta, Sachin Sunny Jha, Dharam P Mann, Devi E Nampiaparampil, Manohar Lal Sharma, Lindsay N Shroyer, Vijay Singh, Amol Soin, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic spinal facet joint interventions generally used for the treatment of axial spinal pain of facet joint origin are intraarticular facet joint injections, facet joint nerve blocks, and radiofrequency neurotomy. Despite interventional procedures being common as treatment strategies for facet joint pathology, there is a paucity of literature investigating these therapeutic approaches. Systematic reviews assessing the effectiveness of various therapeutic facet joint interventions have shown there to be variable evidence based on the region and the modality of treatment utilized...
July 2015: Pain Physician
Lauriane Beliez, Grégory Barrière, Sandrine S Bertrand, Jean-René Cazalets
Effective quadrupedal locomotor behaviors require the coordination of many muscles in the limbs, back, neck, and tail. Because of the spinal motoneuronal somatotopic organization, motor coordination implies interactions among distant spinal networks. Here, we investigated some of the interactions between the lumbar locomotor networks that control limb movements and the thoracic networks that control the axial muscles involved in trunk movement. For this purpose, we used an in vitro isolated newborn rat spinal cord (from T2 to sacrococcygeal) preparation...
April 15, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
V V Matinian, E I Belousova, A I Saltanov
Prolonged thoracic paravertebral block is a complex technique of regional anesthesia. For a long time paravertebral blocks were conducted under stimulation. Recently, techniques of paravertebral space (PVS) verification using ultrasound navigation were developed. The article deals with an anatomy and technique of ultrasound navigation for paravertebral space catheterization. Successful and safe block under ultrasound guidance requires: identification and visualization of paravertebral space; operator's skill in needle visualization in real time; experience in estimating the distribution of local anesthetic in PVS...
September 2014: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
Soutarou Taguchi, Tomohiko Nakamura, Takako Yamada, Hiromu Takamido, Manabu Doyu, Akira Takahashi
A 61-year-old man noted flu-like symptoms. Not long afterwards, he felt constipation, nausea, and blackout when standing or sitting. His blood pressure was 110/70 mmHg in the supine position. On sitting blood pressure dropped to 73/34 mmHg. Heart rate increased from 65 to 78 beats per minutes. He did not have fever, edema, or skin rash. The remainder of the general medical examination was normal. A neurological examination revealed normal higher mental, and sensori-motor functions. The blood test revealed leukocytosis 7,320/μl, LD 1,426 IU/l, IL-2R 921 U/ml, and CRP 11...
2015: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Ghada Mohammad Nabih Bashandy, Dina Nabil Abbas
BACKGROUND: The pectoral nerves (Pecs) block types I and II are novel techniques to block the pectoral, intercostobrachial, third to sixth intercostals, and the long thoracic nerves. They may provide good analgesia during and after breast surgery. Our study aimed to compare prospectively the quality of analgesia after modified radical mastectomy surgery using general anesthesia and Pecs blocks versus general anesthesia alone. METHODS: One hundred twenty adult female patients scheduled for elective unilateral modified radical mastectomy under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to receive either general anesthesia plus Pecs block (Pecs group, n = 60) or general anesthesia alone (control group, n = 60)...
January 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Partha Pal, Sayantan Ray, Pradipta Guha, Sisir Kumar Patra, Kaushik Kumar Das
The authors describe a case of 52-year-old male who presented with sudden onset deterioration of weakness of both lower limbs and retention of urine. He had 1 month history of gradually progressive weakness of legs. On examination, there were lower motor neuron signs in lower extremity, digital clubbing and a lump over left iliac fossa. Routine blood tests showed impaired glucose tolerance, confirmed by oral glucose tolerance test while renal parameters were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging of spine documented osteolytic lesions, long segment epidural mass in thoracic spine and a mass overlying the left iliac bone, both were revealed to be plasmacytoma following cytology...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
David Burckett-St Laurent, Vincent Chan, Ki Jinn Chin
PURPOSE: The conventional ultrasound-guided interscalene block targets the C5 and C6 nerve roots at approximately the level of the cricoid cartilage where they lie in the groove between the anterior and middle scalene muscles. This technique, although effective at providing regional anesthesia of the shoulder, is associated with risks of phrenic nerve palsy, injury to the dorsal scapular and long thoracic nerves, and long-term postoperative neurologic symptoms. In this case report, we describe the ultrasound-guided superior trunk block...
December 2014: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Kristin Julia Steinthorsdottir, Lorna Wildgaard, Henrik Jessen Hansen, René Horsleben Petersen, Kim Wildgaard
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is emerging as the standard surgical procedure for both minor and major oncological lung surgery. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) and paravertebral block (PVB) are established analgesic golden standards for open surgery such as thoracotomy; however, there is no gold standard for regional analgesia for VATS. This systematic review aimed to assess different regional techniques with regard to effect on acute postoperative pain following VATS, with emphasis on VATS lobectomy...
June 2014: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
De Q H Tran, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Andrea P González
The sensory innervation of the clavicle remains controversial. The supraclavicular, subclavian, and long thoracic/suprascapular nerves, alone or together, may be responsible for pain transmission after clavicular fracture and surgery. Peripheral nerve blocks used to anesthetize the clavicle include superficial cervical plexus blocks, interscalene blocks, and combined superficial cervical plexus-interscalene blocks. Future (randomized) trials are required to determine which constitutes the best option for emergency department (fracture) and operating room (surgical fixation) settings...
November 2013: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
R Blanco, T Parras, J G McDonnell, A Prats-Galino
We present a novel ultrasound-guided regional anaesthetic technique that may achieve complete paraesthesia of the hemithorax. This technique may be a viable alternative to current regional anaesthetic techniques such as thoracic paravertebral and central neuraxial blockade, which can be technically more challenging and have a higher potential side-effect profile. We performed the serratus block at two different levels in the midaxillary line on four female volunteers. We recorded the degree of paraesthesia obtained and performed fat-suppression magnetic resonance imaging and three-dimensional reconstructions of the spread of local anaesthetic in the serratus plane...
November 2013: Anaesthesia
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