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Pectoral nerve block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871558/combipecs-the-single-injection-technique-of-pectoral-nerve-blocks-1-and-2-a-case-series
#1
Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rakhi Khemka, Taniya Datta, Suparna Mitra
Ultrasound-guided Pecs block can provide perioperative analgesia for breast surgery. A single-injection technique (COMBIPECS) combines both Pecs 1 and Pecs 2 blocks in a single needle pass. This technique saves time and is equally effective as the modified Pecs block which uses 2 needle passes. We present a case series of 21 patients who received the COMBIPECS block as a part of multimodal analgesia for breast cancer surgery. The block was administered before the surgery after induction of general anesthesia...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788289/brachial-plexus-in-the-pampas-fox-lycalopex-gymnocercus-a-descriptive-and-comparative-analysis
#2
Paulo de Souza Junior, Natan da Cruz de Carvalho, Karine de Mattos, Marcelo Abidu Figueiredo, André Luiz Quagliatto Santos
Twenty thoracic limbs of ten Lycalopex gymnocercus were dissected to describe origin and distribution of the nerves forming brachial plexuses. The brachial plexus resulted from the connections between the ventral branches of the last three cervical nerves (C6, C7 and C8) and first thoracic nerve (T1). These branches connected the suprascapular, subscapular, axillary, musculocutaneous, radial, median and ulnar nerves to the intrinsic musculature and connected the brachiocephalic, thoracodorsal, lateral thoracic, long thoracic, cranial pectoral and caudal pectoral nerves to the extrinsic musculature...
October 27, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761032/ultrasound-guided-truncal-blocks-a-new-frontier-in-regional-anaesthesia
#3
Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rakhi Khemka, Taniya Datta
The practice of regional anaesthesia is rapidly changing with the introduction of ultrasound into the working domain of the anaesthesiologist. New techniques are being pioneered. Among the recent techniques, notable are the truncal blocks, for example, the transversus abdominis plane block, rectus sheath block, hernia block and quadratus lumborum block in the abdomen and the pectoral nerves (Pecs) block 1 and 2, serratus anterior plane block and intercostal nerve block. This narrative review covers the brief anatomical discourse along with technical description of the ultrasound-guided truncal blocks...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687427/the-effect-of-serratus-plane-block-performed-under-direct-vision-on-postoperative-pain-in-breast-surgery
#4
Marcus Hards, Arisa Harada, Isobel Neville, Sheelagh Harwell, Mahwash Babar, Abdulsatar Ravalia, Giles Davies
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of serratus plane block performed under direct vision on postoperative pain after mastectomy. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study of elective breast surgery patients undergoing mastectomy over 6 months. We collected data on the outcomes for the pain score and use of analgesia in recovery, the use of analgesia and antiemetics overnight, and the pain score and mobilization status of the patient 1 day after the operation...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676665/efficacy-and-safety-of-ketamine-added-to-local-anesthetic-in-modified-pectoral-block-for-management-of-postoperative-pain-in-patients-undergoing-modified-radical-mastectomy
#5
Ahmed H Othman, Ahmad M Abd El-Rahman, Fatma El Sherif
BACKGROUND: Breast surgery is an exceedingly common procedure with an increased incidence of acute and chronic pain. Pectoral nerve block is a novel peripheral nerve block alternative to neuro-axial and paravertebral blocks for ambulatory breast surgeries. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the analgesic efficacy and safety of modified Pecs block with ketamine plus bupivacaine versus bupivacaine in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, prospective study...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650294/clinical-usefulness-of-pectoral-nerve-block-for-the-management-of-zoster-associated-pain-case-reports-and-technical-description
#6
Yeon-Dong Kim, Seon-Jeong Park, Junho Shim, Hyungtae Kim
The recently introduced pectoral nerve (Pecs) block is a simple alterative to the conventional thoracic paravertebral block or epidural block for breast surgery. It produces excellent analgesia and can be used to provide balanced anesthesia and as a rescue block in cases where performing a neuraxial blockade is not possible. In the thoracic region, a neuraxial blockade is often used to manage zoster-associated pain. However, this can be challenging for physicians due to the increased risk of hemodynamic instability in the upper thoracic level, and comorbid and contraindicated medical conditions such as coagulopathy...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608355/type-i-and-ii-pectoral-nerve-blocks-with-serratus-plane-block-for-awake-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#7
R M Corso, S Maitan, V Russotto, C Gregoretti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543533/efficacy-of-pectoral-nerve-block-versus-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-radical-mastectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
S Kulhari, N Bharti, I Bala, S Arora, G Singh
BACKGROUND: Pectoral nerve (PecS) block is a recently introduced technique for providing surgical anaesthesia and postoperative analgesia during breast surgery. The present study was planned to compare the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided PecS II block with thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) for postoperative analgesia after modified radical mastectomy. METHODS: Forty adult female patients undergoing radical mastectomy were randomly allocated into two groups...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257576/a-novel-technique-of-intraoperative-lateral-pectoral-nerve-block-during-subpectoral-breast-implant-placement
#9
Nicholas Bernard Haydon, Rhys van der Rijt, Catherine Downs, Garry Buckland
Breast surgery is one of the most frequently performed surgeries in hospitals and can be associated with significant postoperative pain. We report a novel technique of intraoperative lateral pectoral nerve block under direct vision for analgesia post subpectoral implant placement for breast reconstruction.
March 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156349/truncal-blocks-for-perioperative-pain-management-a-review-of-the-literature-and-evolving-techniques
#10
Ramon Go, Yolanda Y Huang, Paul D Weyker, Christopher Aj Webb
As the American healthcare system continues to evolve and reimbursement becomes tied to value-based incentive programs, perioperative pain management will become increasingly important. Regional anesthetic techniques are only one component of a successful multimodal pain regimen. In recent years, the use of peripheral and paraneuraxial blocks to provide chest wall and abdominal analgesia has gained popularity. When used within a multimodal regimen, truncal blocks may provide similar analgesia when compared with other regional anesthetic techniques...
October 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097516/-difference-in-the-spread-of-injectate-between-ultrasound-guided-pectoral-nerve-block-i-and-ii-a-cadaver-study
#11
Masaru Kikuchi, Shunsuke Takaki, Takeshi Nomura, Takahisa Goto
BACKGROUND: Pectoral nerve block (PECS block) is first reported by Blanco et al, and mainly used for analgesia for breast surgery in Japan. However, the spread of PECS block is unclear. METHODS: Ultrasound guided PECS I and II blocks were performed in a cadaver, and the cadaver was dissected for evaluation of the spread of coloring matter. RESULTS: The coloring matter by PECS I block was spread to the axillary region between the major and minor pectoral muscles, while PECS II block remained over the fascia of the serratus muscle from mid-clavicular line to middle axillary line...
March 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26857336/analgesic-and-sensory-effects-of-the-pecs-local-anesthetic-block-in-patients-with-persistent-pain-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-pilot-study
#12
Nelun Wijayasinghe, Kenneth G Andersen, Henrik Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Persistent pain after breast cancer surgery (PPBCS) develops in 15% to 25% of patients, sometimes years after surgery. Approximately 50% of PPBCS patients have neuropathic pain in the breast, which may be due to dysfunction of the pectoral nerves. The Pecs local anesthetic block proposes to block these nerves and has provided pain relief for patients undergoing breast cancer surgery, but has yet to be evaluated in patients with PPBCS. METHODS: The aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of the Pecs block on summed pain intensity (SPI) and sensory function (through quantitative sensory testing [QST]) in eight patients with PPBCS...
February 9, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26194117/anatomical-study-of-the-articular-branch-of-the-lateral-pectoral-nerve-to-the-shoulder-joint
#13
Young-Seok Nam, Karnav Panchal, In-Beom Kim, Jong-Hun Ji, Min-Gyu Park, Sung-Ryeoll Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document the distribution of the articular branch of the lateral pectoral nerve (LPN) to the shoulder and to identify a suitable point for its blockade. METHODS: This study involved the dissection of 43 shoulders of 22 unembalmed cadavers (6 male and 16 female) to identify the LPN and its articular branch to the shoulder. To identify the suitable anatomical point for blocking the articular branch of the LPN, several anatomical landmarks around the shoulder were measured...
December 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26079354/pectoral-nerve-blocks-for-breast-cancer-surgery-a-methodological-evaluation
#14
LETTER
Lloyd Turbitt, Kathleen Nelligan, Colin McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25587516/medial-and-lateral-pectoral-nerve-block-with-liposomal-bupivacaine-for-the-management-of-postsurgical-pain-after-submuscular-breast-augmentation
#15
David Leiman, Mark Barlow, Kimberly Carpin, Edward M Piña, Daniel Casso
This report describes an ultrasound-guided medial and lateral pectoralis nerve block using liposome bupivacaine, performed before the surgical incision, in a patient undergoing submuscular breast augmentation. The anatomic basis and technique are described. This procedure may be offered to patients undergoing submuscular insertion of a breast implant or tissue expander. Advancements in ultrasound guidance allow for more precise anatomic placement of local anesthetic agents. The injection technique used for this procedure resulted in complete relaxation of the pectoralis major, facilitating the surgical dissection and markedly diminishing postsurgical pain and muscle spasms...
December 2014: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25376971/pectoral-nerves-i-and-ii-blocks-in-multimodal-analgesia-for-breast-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ghada Mohammad Nabih Bashandy, Dina Nabil Abbas
BACKGROUND: The pectoral nerves (Pecs) block types I and II are novel techniques to block the pectoral, intercostobrachial, third to sixth intercostals, and the long thoracic nerves. They may provide good analgesia during and after breast surgery. Our study aimed to compare prospectively the quality of analgesia after modified radical mastectomy surgery using general anesthesia and Pecs blocks versus general anesthesia alone. METHODS: One hundred twenty adult female patients scheduled for elective unilateral modified radical mastectomy under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to receive either general anesthesia plus Pecs block (Pecs group, n = 60) or general anesthesia alone (control group, n = 60)...
January 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25120950/pectoral-nerves-pecs-and-intercostal-nerve-block-for-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-device-implantation
#17
Atsushi Fujiwara, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Toshiaki Minami
A 71-year-old man was scheduled to undergo cardiac resynchronization therapy device (CRTD) implantation. He was combined with severe chronic heart failure due to ischemic heart disease. NYHA class was 3 to 4 and electrocardiogram showed non-sustained ventricular. Ejection fraction was about 20% revealed by transthoracic echocardiogram. He was also on several anticoagulation medications. We planned to implant the device under the greater pectoral muscle. As general anesthesia was considered risky, monitored anesthesia care utilizing peripheral nerve block and slight sedation was scheduled...
2014: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23107194/palpation-and-ultrasound-guided-brachial-plexus-blockade-in-hispaniolan-amazon-parrots-amazona-ventralis
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anderson F da Cunha, George M Strain, Nathalie Rademacher, Rodney Schnellbacher, Thomas N Tully
OBJECTIVE: To compare palpation-guided with ultrasound-guided brachial plexus blockade in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized experimental trial. ANIMALS: Eighteen adult Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis) weighing 252-295 g. METHODS: After induction of anesthesia with isoflurane, parrots received an injection of lidocaine (2 mg kg(-1)) in a total volume of 0.3 mL at the axillary region...
January 2013: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22939099/ultrasound-description-of-pecs-ii-modified-pecs-i-a-novel-approach-to-breast-surgery
#19
R Blanco, M Fajardo, T Parras Maldonado
OBJECTIVE: The Pecs block (pectoral nerves block) is an easy and reliable superficial block inspired by the infraclavicular block approach and the transversus abdominis plane blocks. Once the pectoralis muscles are located under the clavicle the space between the two muscles is dissected to reach the lateral pectoral and the medial pectoral nerves. The main indications are breast expanders and subpectoral prosthesis where the distension of these muscles is extremely painful. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A second version of the Pecs block is described, called "modified Pecs block" or Pecs block type II...
November 2012: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22730005/selective-ultrasound-guided-pectoral-nerve-targeting-in-breast-augmentation-how-to-spare-the-brachial-plexus-cords
#20
Jean Desroches, Ursula Grabs, Detlev Grabs
Subpectoral breast augmentation surgery under regional anesthesia requires the selective neural blockade of the medial and lateral pectoral nerves to diminish postoperative pain syndromes. The purpose of this cadaver study is to demonstrate a reliable ultrasound guided approach to selectively target the pectoral nerves and their branches while sparing the brachial plexus cords. After evaluating the position and appearance of the pectoral nerves in 25 cadavers (50 sides), a portable ultrasound machine was used to guide the injection of 10 ml of 0...
January 2013: Clinical Anatomy
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