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Infraclavicular nerve block

Mojgan Vazin, Kenneth Jensen, Danja L Kristensen, Mathias Hjort, Katrine Tanggaard, Manoj K Karmakar, Thomas F Bendtsen, Jens Børglum
Background. Distal arm surgery is widely performed under regional anesthesia with brachial plexus block. The preponderance of evidence for the efficacy relies upon injection of local anesthetic in excess of 30 mL. We aimed to compare three different ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block techniques restricting the total volume to 20 mL. Methods. 120 patients were prospectively randomized to ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block with 20 mL ropivacaine 0.75% at either the supraclavicular, infraclavicular, or axillary level...
2016: BioMed Research International
De Q H Tran, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Julian Aliste, Roderick J Finlayson
Shoulder surgery can result in significant postoperative pain. Interscalene brachial plexus blocks (ISBs) constitute the current criterion standard for analgesia but may be contraindicated in patients with pulmonary pathology due to the inherent risk of phrenic nerve block and symptomatic hemidiaphragmatic paralysis. Although ultrasound-guided ISB with small volumes (5 mL), dilute local anesthetic (LA) concentrations, and LA injection 4 mm lateral to the brachial plexus have been shown to reduce the risk of phrenic nerve block, no single intervention can decrease its incidence below 20%...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Sun-Kyung Park, Su-Young Lee, Won Ho Kim, Han-Seul Park, Young-Jin Lim, Jae-Hyon Bahk
BACKGROUND: Supraclavicular (SC) and infraclavicular (IC) brachial plexus block (BPB) are commonly used for upper extremity surgery. Recent clinical studies have compared the effect of SC- and IC-BPB, but there have been controversies over spread of sensory blockade in each of the 4 peripheral nerve branches of brachial plexus. METHODS: This study included a systemic review, using the Medline and EMBASE database from their inceptions through March 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SC- and IC-BPB were included...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Vishwajit Ravindra Deshmukh, Rabindra Prasad Mandal, Harisha Kusuma, Neerja Rani
During the routine dissection classes for undergraduate students, uncommon variation in relation to the upper subscapular nerve of posterior cord of brachial plexus was observed. Normally upper subscapular nerve takes origin from the posterior cord, but in this case report, it arises in triplet fashion, just above the circumflex scapular artery. All these accessory nerves were supplying upper part of the subscapularis muscle. As per our knowledge, this is a rare variation of brachial plexus. Many variations are encountered in the formation of brachial plexus...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
José R Soberón, Joseph W Crookshank, Bobby D Nossaman, Clint E Elliott, Leslie E Sisco-Wise, Scott F Duncan
PURPOSE: Limited data exist regarding the role of perineural blockade of the distal median, ulnar, and radial nerves as a primary anesthetic in patients undergoing hand surgery. We conducted a prospective and randomized pilot study to compare these techniques to brachial plexus blocks as a primary anesthetic in this patient population. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled for hand surgery were randomized to receive either an ultrasound-guided supraclavicular, infraclavicular, or axillary nerve block (brachial plexus blocks) or ultrasound-guided median, ulnar, and radial nerve blocks performed at the level of the mid to proximal forearm (forearm blocks)...
October 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Orawan Pongraweewan, Nipa Inchua, Chanatthee Kitsiripant, Benchawan Kongmuang, Wannapa Tiwirach
OBJECTIVE: To reduce the onset of 0.5% bupivacaine by adding 2% lidocaine with 0.5% bupivacaine for ultrasound-guided and double stimulation technique at musculocutaneous and radial nerve for infraclavicular brachial plexus block. DESIGN: Prospective randomized double-blinded, controlled trial study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 90 patients undergoing creation of arteriovenous fistula under ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block were randomized into 2 groups...
May 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
S Flohr-Madsen, L M Ytrebø, K Valen, T Wilsgaard, Ø Klaastad
Some surgeons believe that infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks tends to result in supination of the hand/forearm, which may make surgical access to the dorsum of the hand more difficult. We hypothesised that this supination may be reduced by the addition of a suprascapular nerve block. In a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study, our primary outcome measure was the amount of supination (as assessed by wrist angulation) 30 min after infraclavicular brachial plexus block, with (suprascapular group) or without (control group) a supplementary suprascapular block...
August 2016: Anaesthesia
Metha Brattwall, Pether Jildenstål, Margareta Warrén Stomberg, Jan G Jakobsson
Upper extremity blocks are useful as both sole anaesthesia and/or a supplement to general anaesthesia and they further provide effective postoperative analgesia, reducing the need for opioid analgesics. There is without doubt a renewed interest among anaesthesiologists in the interscalene, supraclavicular, infraclavicular, and axillary plexus blocks with the increasing use of ultrasound guidance. The ultrasound-guided technique visualising the needle tip and solution injected reduces the risk of side effects, accidental intravascular injection, and possibly also trauma to surrounding tissues...
2016: F1000Research
Anatoli Stav, Leonid Reytman, Michael-Yohay Stav, Isaak Portnoy, Alexander Kantarovsky, Offer Galili, Shmuel Luboshitz, Roger Sevi, Ahud Sternberg
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that ultrasound (US)-guided technique of the supra- and infraclavicular and axillary approaches of brachial plexus block (BPB) will produce a high quality of surgical anesthesia for operations below the shoulder independently of the approach and body mass index (BMI). Intercostobrachial and medial brachial cutaneous nerves will be blocked separately because they are not a part of the brachial plexus. METHODS: This is a prospective randomized observer-blinded study...
April 19, 2016: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
M B Cegin, L Soyoral, N Yuzkat, V Baydi, U Goktas
OBJECTIVE: Adjuvant agents, given with local anesthetics or via venous, oral, or rectal routes for peripheral nerve blocking, have been in use for a long time. Literature studies about pregabalin usage in peripheral nerve blocking are limited in number. In this study, we aimed to reveal the blocking quality of pregabalin administered orally in various doses as an anxiolytic agent and its effective dose range. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients who underwent upper extremity bone surgery were included in the study...
2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Faramarz Mosaffa, Babak Gharaei, Mohammad Qoreishi, Sajjad Razavi, Farhad Safari, Mohammad Fathi, Gholamreza Mohseni, Hedayatollah Elyasi, Fahimeh Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Although local anesthesia is a suitable method for upper limb surgeries, there is debate regarding the effects of appropriate dosing. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we investigated the effects of the concentration and volume of a local anesthetic on the beginning and quality of anesthesia during upper limb orthopedic surgeries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This double-blinded, randomized, clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients aged between 18 and 85 years candidated for upper limb orthopedic operations...
August 2015: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Herman Sehmbi, Caveh Madjdpour, Ushma Jitendra Shah, Ki Jinn Chin
Upper extremity surgery is commonly performed under regional anesthesia. The advent of ultrasonography has made performing upper extremity nerve blocks relatively easy with a high degree of reliability. The proximal approaches to brachial plexus block such as supraclavicular plexus block, infraclavicular plexus block, or the axillary block are favored for the most surgical procedures of distal upper extremity. Ultrasound guidance has however made distal nerve blocks of the upper limb a technically feasible, safe and efficacious option...
July 2015: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Jasmin Charbonneau, Yannick Fréchette, Yanick Sansoucy, Pablo Echave
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this feasibility study was to determine the success rate (sensory and surgical) of the novel retroclavicular block and to thoroughly describe the technique. In addition, needle tip and shaft visibility, needling time, procedural discomfort, motor block success rate, patient satisfaction at 48-hour follow-up, and complications were also recorded. METHODS: Fifty patients scheduled for distal upper limb surgery received an in-plane, single-shot, ultrasound-guided retroclavicular block with 40 mL of mepivacaine 1...
September 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
N Bharti, N Bhardawaj, J Wig
This prospective, randomised, observer-blinded study was conducted to compare the ease of performance and surgical effectiveness of interscalene block below the C6 nerve root with supraclavicular and infraclavicular techniques of brachial plexus block for upper arm and forearm surgery. Sixty adult patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists grade 1 to 3, undergoing upper limb surgery, were randomly allocated into three groups. Group SC received supraclavicular blockade, group IC received infraclavicular blockade and Group IS received interscalene blockade...
July 2015: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Yavuz Gürkan, Can Aksu, Kamil Toker, Mine Solak
A major advantage of ultrasound (US) has been reduction in the amount of local anaesthetic (LA) needed for successful blocks. Reduced LA requirement reduces the risk of LA toxicity when multiple blocks are to be done for surgery of more than one extremity in the same patient. The 38-year-old female was scheduled for elective surgery of polydactilia in her right foot and syndactili in her right hand. A sciatic nerve block and an infraclavicular block were applied to the patient, with ultrasound guidance. The sciatic block was performed at the popliteal level in figure of four position in prone position...
2014: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Mir Moussa Aghdashi, Framarz Mosaffa, Shahram Shokohi, Rahman Abbasivash, Ebrahim Hassani
Injecting local anesthetic at the seeking current would be appealing.It would save time and avoid potentially dangerous manipulations of the needle. This study aimed to test the hypotheses that in vertical infraclavicular block, injecting local anesthetic at a seeking current of 0.8 mA would produce the same quality of block as injecting at ≤0.5mA. A total of sixty ASA I -III adult patients scheduled for elective surgery on the hand, wrist and forearm in two equal groups of 30 patients, were enrolled in this study...
2014: Acta Medica Iranica
Semera Asghar, Kai H W Lange, Lars H Lundstrøm
BACKGROUND: Changes in digit skin temperature may be used to predict and determine upper limb nerve block success. We investigated whether a temperature difference between the blocked and the nonblocked hands, simply registered by touching the skin of the 5th and 2nd digit was valid and reliable as a diagnostic test for predicting a successful lateral infraclavicular block. METHODS: Blinded observers investigated temperature difference between the blocked and the nonblocked hands of 40 patients...
January 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Alireza Mirkheshti, Asadollah Saadatniaki, Alireza Salimi, Alireza Manafi Rasi, Elham Memary, Habiballah Yahyaei
BACKGROUND: Infraclavicular brachial plexus block is an appropriate approach for distal arm and forearm surgeries. Local anesthetic adjuvant agents are used to improve the quality of nerve blocks. Dexmedetomidine and ketorolac are two different types of adjuvants, which have been used in some studies. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of dexmedetomidine and ketorolac as local anesthetic adjuvants on the onset and duration of infraclavicular brachial plexus block under ultrasound guide technique...
August 2014: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
G Eren, E Altun, Y Pektas, Y Polat, H Cetingok, G Demir, D Bilgi, Y Tekdos, M Dogan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the adequacy of different amounts of local anesthetics (LA) in infraclavicular blockade (ICB) under ultrasonographic (US) guidance and neurostimulation and compare them to the conventional doses under neurostimulation (NS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study 100 patients scheduled for upper limb surgery and suitable for ICB were randomly allocated to 1 of 5 groups: group NS (NS alone group 0.5 ml/kg LA), group FD (full-dose US group 0.5 ml/kg LA), group 30 (30% reduced dose LA 0...
October 2014: Der Anaesthesist
Parminder Kaur, Rajesh Kumar, Anjali Jain
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: Study was undertaken to observe the variation in the innervation of muscles in the front of arm. The results were compiled. Embryological basis and clinical applications of encountered variations were tried to explain with the help of available literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty upper limbs from fifteen cadavers were dissected to observe the contents of front of arm. Musculocutaneous nerve, median nerve and innervation of the muscles of front of arm were observed...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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