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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734453/-double-stick-transsubclavian-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-with-use-of-a-balloon-expandable-valve-a-less-invasive-option-for-alternative-access
#1
Craig M Jarrett, Marc Pelletier, Pinak B Shah, Tsuyoshi Kaneko
Access options for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) currently include transfemoral, transaortic, transapical, transsubclavian, and other approaches. Transsubclavian access for balloon expandable valves is gaining popularity when transfemoral access is not suitable, given its peripheral access compared with central access. With the transsubclavian approach, second femoral or radial artery access is necessary for pigtail catheter placement. We describe a "double-stick" transsubclavian technique that eliminates secondary arterial access...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733719/rare-complication-of-femoral-venous-catheter-malposition-abdominal-compartment-syndrome
#2
Julianna Svantner, Philippe Eckert, Nawfel Ben-Hamouda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727031/mammary-nutrient-uptake-in-multiparous-sows-fed-supplementary-arginine-during-gestation-and-lactation
#3
U Krogh, N Oksbjerg, A C Storm, T Feyera, P K Theil
Arginine is the precursor for the synthesis of nitric oxide and may increase mammary plasma flow (MPF), which may in turn increase mammary nutrient uptake. Quantifying mammary nutrient uptake improves our understanding of mammary nutrient metabolism and may potentially allow identification of limiting nutrients for colostrum and milk production. Thus, the objectives of the present study were 1) to study the impact of 25 g/d of crystalline Arg (ARG) on MPF and uptake of nutrients by the mammary glands compared with an isonitrogenous supply of Ala (51 g/d; control [CON]) fed to a total of 8 sows from d 30 of gestation until weaning on d 28 of lactation and 2) to quantify mammary nutrient uptake in late gestation and in early and at peak lactation...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721474/single-stick-tunneled-central-venous-access-using-the-jugular-veins-in-infants-weighing-less-than-5%C3%A2-kg
#4
Will S Lindquester, C Matthew Hawkins, Eric J Monroe, Anne E Gill, Giridhar M Shivaram, F Glen Seidel, Matthew P Lungren
BACKGROUND: Despite the demonstrated feasibility of the single-stick technique in the femoral vein, its use in neonates and infants for placing central lines in internal and external jugular veins has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: Describe and assess the safety and efficacy of tunneled jugular central venous catheter placement performed under ultrasound (US) and fluoroscopic guidance in neonates and infants weighing <5 kg using the single-stick technique at three tertiary pediatric hospitals...
July 18, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705343/-recanalization-procedure-of-the-common-femoral-vein-following-iatrogenic-femoral-chronic-occlusion-3%C3%A2-cases
#5
G Goudot, C Del Giudice, O Pellerin, M C Courtois, A Galloula, E Messas, T Mirault, M Sapoval
Common femoral vein occlusion (CFVO) is frequently found in patients with chronic venous insufficiency. The iatrogenic form, secondary to either central catheter or surgery, is very rare but highly symptomatic. Classical compression therapy barely improves the clinical status of these patients, making them suitable candidates for an interventional procedure for venous recanalization. METHODS: We report here three consecutive cases of iatrogenic CFVO referred to our outpatient clinic because the disease had an impact on daily life activities...
July 2017: J Med Vasc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699660/binding-of-indocyanine-green-in-polycaprolactone-fibers-using-blend-electrospinning-for-in-vivo-laser-assisted-vascular-anastomosis
#6
Annemarie Schönfeld, Zacharia Mbäıdjol Kabra, Mihai Constantinescu, Dieter Bosshardt, Michael H Stoffel, Kirsten Peters, Martin Frenz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The clinical application of laser-assisted vascular anastomosis is afflicted by unreliable and low bonding strengths as well as tedious handling during microvascular surgery. The challenge to be met arises from the flow-off of the chromophore during soldering that changes the absorption and stains the surrounding tissue, leading to an uncontrollable thermal damage zone. In this study, we investigated the feasibility to produce an indocyanine green (ICG)-loaded patch by electrospinning and tested its applicability to both in vitro and in vivo microvascular laser soldering...
July 12, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697490/the-influence-of-blood-pressure-on-fetal-aortic-distensibility-an-animal-validation-study
#7
Christoph Wohlmuth, Kenneth J Moise, Ramesha Papanna, Ciprian Gheorghe, Anthony Johnson, Yisel Morales, Helena M Gardiner
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aortic distension waveforms describe the change in diameter or cross-sectional area over the cardiac cycle. We aimed to validate the association of aortic fractional area change (AFAC) with blood pressure (BP) in a fetal lamb model. METHODS: Four pregnant ewes underwent open fetal surgery under general anesthesia at 107-120 gestational days. A 4-Fr catheter was introduced into the fetal femoral artery and vein, or the carotid artery and jugular vein...
July 12, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695320/at1-and-at2-receptors-in-the-prelimbic-cortex-modulate-the-cardiovascular-response-evoked-by-acute-exposure-to-restraint-stress-in-rats
#8
Taíz F S Brasil, Aline Fassini, Fernando M Corrêa
The prelimbic cortex (PL) is an important structure in the neural pathway integrating stress responses. Brain angiotensin is involved in cardiovascular control and modulation of stress responses. Blockade of angiotensin receptors has been reported to reduce stress responses. Acute restraint stress (ARS) is a stress model, which evokes sustained blood pressure increase, tachycardia, and reduction in tail temperature. We therefore hypothesized that PL locally generated angiotensin and angiotensin receptors modulate stress autonomic responses...
July 10, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689937/multiple-spontaneous-iliac-and-femoral-arteriovenous-fistulas
#9
Masahiko Fujii, Manabu Sakurai, Kenji Mogi, Anan Nomura, Tomoki Sakata, Yoshiharu Takahara
An arteriovenous fistula in a limb involves an abnormal connection between a limb artery and vein. It can be due to trauma or iatrogenic injury. Traumatic arteriovenous fistulas can be caused by penetrating or gunshot injuries to the limb, while iatrogenic causes include catheter intervention to the groins or open surgery of the inguinal space. By contrast, the occurrence of multiple spontaneous arteriovenous fistulas is rare. We report a case of endovascular therapy for multiple spontaneous arteriovenous fistulas between the iliac artery and the vein, common femoral artery and the vein, superficial artery and the saphenous vein, and deep femoral artery and the vein...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683505/comparison-of-b-mode-with-b-flow-sonography-for-the%C3%A2-evaluation-of-femoral-arteries-in-infants
#10
Michael Groth, Elena Dammann, Florian Arndt, Marielle Ernst, Jochen Herrmann
Purpose To evaluate femoral arteries (FAs) in infants in the context of catheter angiography with B-mode (BMS) and B-flow sonography (BFS) and to compare both methods for vessel delineation and reliability of vessel diameter measurements. Methods 21 consecutive infants who underwent ultrasound for the evaluation of FAs before or after cardiac catheterization were retrospectively included in this study. The diameter of the FAs and the maximum length of the vessel section displayed on a single ultrasound plane were recorded by two radiologists for BMS and BFS...
July 6, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682846/punctate-radiation-dermatitis-of-the-foot-and-ankle-caused-by-distal-embolization-of-90y-microspheres-during-liver-directed-therapy
#11
Benjamin B Nia, Emily S Nia, Ryan J Avery, Phillip H Kuo, Charles T Hennemeyer
A 41-year-old man with gastric adenocarcinoma presented with hepatic metastases. The metastases were refractory to systemic chemotherapy, so radioembolization with Y microspheres was performed. Because of stasis or saturation of the tumor with embolic particles, 79% of the microspheres were injected. At follow-up, the patient complained of "red bumps" that had developed on his right foot/ankle the day after the radioembolization. Because a portion of the dose was still in the catheter when withdrawn from the right femoral artery, the interventional radiologist used a Geiger counter to confirm radioactivity in the cutaneous lesions and thus the distal embolization of the microspheres...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676849/bloodstream-infection-incidence-of-different-central-venous-catheters-in-neonates-a-descriptive-cohort-study
#12
Gerdina H Dubbink-Verheij, Vincent Bekker, Iris C M Pelsma, Erik W van Zwet, Vivianne E H J Smits-Wintjens, Sylke J Steggerda, Arjan B Te Pas, Enrico Lopriore
Central venous catheters (CVCs) in neonates are associated with a risk of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). Most reports on the incidence of CLABSI in neonates focus on umbilical venous catheters (UVCs) and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs). We evaluated the incidence and risk factors for CLABSI in a cohort of neonates with femoral venous catheters (FVCs), UVCs, and PICCs, with a gestational age ≥34 weeks born between January 1, 2006 and June 30, 2013. We included 2,986 neonates with a total of 656 catheters...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673353/anatomical-landmarks-for-safely-implementing-resuscitative-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-reboa-in-zone-1-without-fluoroscopy
#13
Yohei Okada, Hiromichi Narumiya, Wataru Ishi, Ryoji Iiduka
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) can maintain hemodynamic stability during hemorrhagic shock after a following torso injury, although inappropriate balloon placement may induce brain or visceral organ ischemia. External anatomical landmarks [the suprasternal notch (SSN) and xiphoid process (Xi)] are empirically used to implement REBOA in zone 1. We aimed to confirm if these landmarks were useful for determining a balloon catheter length for safe implementation of REBOA in zone 1 without using fluoroscopy...
July 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668967/anatomy-revisited-hemodialysis-catheter-malposition-in-the-left-ascending-lumbar-vein
#14
Stefan Büttner, Sammy Patyna, Sarah Rudolf, Despina Avaniadi, Moritz Kaup, Helmut Geiger, Christoph Betz
In selected cases, cuffed tunneled catheters via the iliac vein are implanted as a last resort access for hemodialysis. To monitor the correct position, sonography of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is sufficient in most cases. Position control using an X-ray of the abdomen is not routinely recommended when femoral catheters are implanted. In this report, we describe the case of a 59-year-old patient on chronic hemodialysis due to granulomatosis with polyangiitis and complex shunt history with multiple shunt occlusions and revisions...
July 1, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667804/balloon-assisted-tracking-use-reduces-radial-artery-access-failure-in-an-experienced-radial-center-and-is-feasible-during-primary-pci-for-stemi
#15
Daniel Obaid, Ahmed Hailan, Alexander Chase, Stephen Dorman, Geraint Jenkins, Adrian Raybould, Mark Ramsey, Phillip Thomas, David Smith, Adrian Ionescu
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study assesses balloon-assisted tracking (BAT) in reducing radial access failure during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Arterial spasm prevents PCI from the radial artery in a small percentage of cases. METHODS: A total of 2223 consecutive patients undergoing PCI from the radial approach were analyzed. Radial access failure mode and requirement for crossover to femoral access during a 12-month run-in period were compared with the following 14-month period with routine BAT usage...
July 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655958/spontaneous-arterial-catheter-fracture-and-embolisation-unpredicted-complication
#16
Suresh Babu Kale, Senthilkumar Ramalingam
Arterial cannulation is a common procedure in the care and management of critically ill patients. Blood pressure measurement, arterial blood sampling and cardiac output determinations are a few primary reasons for arterial cannulation. This invasive catheter placement also imposes certain risks and clinical management problems like bleeding, thrombosis and hematoma formation. Fracture and embolisation of arterial catheters placed in the femoral region is a rare and serious complication that may result in arterial occlusion and thrombosis...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654852/adductor-canal-compression-syndrome-in-an-18-year-old-female-patient-leading-to-acute-critical-limb-ischemia-a-case-report
#17
Yi Zhou, Evan J Ryer, Robert P Garvin, Jeremy L Irvan, James R Elmore
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal compression syndrome is a rare non-atherosclerotic cause of arterial occlusion and limb ischemia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is an 18-year-old healthy female who presented to the emergency department with acute left lower extremity ischemia. Her symptoms began as sudden onset mild foot pain approximately two months ago. Over the 72h prior to presentation, she developed severe pain, pallor, paralysis, loss of pedal pulses, paresthesia, and poikilothermia...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647627/endovascular-retrieval-of-migrated-distal-end-of-vp-shunt-from-bilateral-pulmonary-arteries-a-technical-note
#18
Rimal Hanif Dossani, Tanmoy Kumar Maiti, Devi Prasad Patra, Anil Nanda, Hugo Cuellar
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting of cerebrospinal fluid is one of the most common procedures performed by neurosurgeons around the world. Migration of distal VP shunt catheter into bilateral segmental pulmonary arteries is an extremely rare complication of VP shunt placement. In present case, a 30-year-old male underwent VP shunting complicated by migration of distal VP shunt catheter into the bilateral pulmonary arteries. Despite manual attempt at externalizing the distal VP shunt catheter at the level of the clavicle, a small piece of distal VP shunt catheter in bilateral pulmonary arteries was noted on CT chest obtained following manual externalization...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642107/venous-thrombosis-after-electrophysiology-procedures-a-systematic-review
#19
Barry Burstein, Rodrigo S Barbosa, Eli Kalfon, Jacqueline Joza, Martin Bernier, Vidal Essebag
BACKGROUND: Femoral venous access for catheter introduction represents the cornerstone of electrophysiology (EP) procedures. Limited data are available regarding postprocedure VTE. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the incidence of DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE) associated with femoral vein catheterization during EP procedures. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted for studies documenting the incidence of DVT and PE after EP procedures. Studies were classified as atrial fibrillation (AF) or non-AF ablation procedures...
June 20, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641968/femoral-nerve-catheters-improve-home-disposition-and-pain-in-hip-fracture-patients-treated-with-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Diren Arsoy, James I Huddleston, Derek F Amanatullah, Nicholas J Giori, William J Maloney, Stuart B Goodman
BACKGROUND: Opioids have been the mainstay of treatment in the physiologically young geriatric hip fracture patient undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). However opioid-related side effects increase morbidity. Regional anesthesia may provide better analgesia, while decreasing opioid-related side effects. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of perioperative continuous femoral nerve blockade with regards to pain scores, opioid-related side effects and posthospital disposition in hip fracture patients undergoing THA...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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