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Adductor canal nerve block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215966/does-patient-perception-differ-following-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-simultaneous-bilateral-randomized-study
#1
Hyun J Koh, In J Koh, Man S Kim, Keun Y Choi, Hyeon U Jo, Yong In
BACKGROUND: Femoral nerve block (FNB) has been used as part of the multimodal analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but leads to weakness in the quadriceps muscles. Recently, adductor canal block (ACB) was reported to provide effective pain relief while sparing the strength of the quadriceps. This simultaneous bilateral randomized study investigated whether patients perceived differences between ACB and the FNB after same-day bilateral TKA. METHODS: We performed a prospective simultaneous bilateral randomized study in 50 patients scheduled to undergo same-day bilateral TKA...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203021/-comparision-for-clinical-efficiency-of-continuous-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#2
M W Zhao, N Wang, L Zeng, M Li, Z K Zhao, H Zhang, H Tian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain control efficiency of continuous adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) in total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: From April to September 2016, patients with severe knee osteoarthritis undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were prospectively observed, and all the patients were randomized received ultrasound-guided continuous ACB or FNB after surgery. Numeric pain rating scales(NPRS)pain scores in rest and activity 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery were collected, and the preoperative and postoperative quadriceps strength at 24 and 48 h were analyzed...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079176/adductor-canal-block-versus-femoral-nerve-block-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Duan Wang, Yang Yang, Qi Li, Shen-Li Tang, Wei-Nan Zeng, Jin Xu, Tian-Hang Xie, Fu-Xing Pei, Liu Yang, Ling-Li Li, Zong-Ke Zhou
Femoral nerve blocks (FNB) can provide effective pain relief but result in quadriceps weakness with increased risk of falls following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Adductor canal block (ACB) is a relatively new alternative providing pure sensory blockade with minimal effect on quadriceps strength. The meta-analysis was designed to evaluate whether ACB exhibited better outcomes with respect to quadriceps strength, pain control, ambulation ability, and complications. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Wan Fang, China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI) and the Cochrane Database were searched for RCTs comparing ACB with FNB after TKAs...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033291/adductor-canal-block-versus-femoral-nerve-block-combined-with-sciatic-nerve-block-as-an-anesthetic-technique-for-hindfoot-and-ankle-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Han Bum Joe, Ho Sik Choo, Ji Sang Yoon, Sang Eon Oh, Jae Ho Cho, Young Uk Park
BACKGROUND: A femoral nerve block (FNB) in combination with a sciatic nerve block (SNB) is commonly used for anesthesia and analgesia in patients undergoing hindfoot and ankle surgery. The effects of FNB on motor function, related fall risk, and rehabilitation are controversial. An adductor canal block (ACB) potentially spares motor fibers in the femoral nerve, but the comparative effect on hindfoot and ankle surgeries between the 2 approaches is not yet well defined. We hypothesized that compared to FNB, ACB would cause less weakness in the quadriceps and produce similar pain scores during and after the operation...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025820/adductor-canal-blocks-changing-practice-patterns-and-associated-quality-profile
#5
M M Masaracchia, M D Herrick, M J Barrington, P R Hartmann, B D Sites
BACKGROUND: Femoral nerve blocks have been the gold standard approach for post-operative analgesia following total knee arthroplasty; however, the adductor canal block has recently gained popularity due to less block-induced motor weakness. The primary aim of this time-series analysis was to identify whether regional anesthesia practice changes have occurred for total knee arthroplasty. Our secondary aim was to assess for possible associated changes in safety and quality. METHODS: Using a 20-member clinical registry, we examined the practice patterns and safety around the performance of adductor canal blocks for all total knee arthroplasties between 18 July 2011 to 9 October 2015...
February 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902645/effect-of-nerve-stimulation-use-on-the-success-rate-of-ultrasound-guided-subsartorial-saphenous-nerve-block-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Shaylyn H Montgomery, Colleen M Shamji, Grace S Yi, Cynthia H Yarnold, Stephen J Head, Scott C Bell, Stephan K W Schwarz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided subsartorial saphenous nerve block is commonly used to provide complete surgical anesthesia of the foot and ankle in combination with a popliteal sciatic nerve block. However, in part owing to its small caliber and absence of a prominent vascular landmark in the subsartorial plane distal to the adductor canal, the saphenous nerve is more difficult to reliably block than the sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa. Although the saphenous nerve is a sensory nerve only, neurostimulation can be used to elicit a "tapping" sensation on the anteromedial aspect of the lower leg extending toward the medial malleolus...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871547/adductor-canal-block-for-knee-surgical-procedures-review-article
#7
REVIEW
Maulin U Vora, Thomas A Nicholas, Cale A Kassel, Stuart A Grant
Adductor canal block (ACB) has recently emerged as an alternative to femoral nerve block for pain control after various knee procedures especially knee arthroplasty. In this review article, we will review the anatomy of adductor canal, sonoanatomy, and ultrasound-guided approach for ACB as well as review current evidence regarding the indications of the ACB.
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811526/prospective-double-blind-randomized-study-to-evaluate-single-injection-adductor-canal-nerve-block-versus-femoral-nerve-block-postoperative-functional-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
George I Macrinici, Carol Murphy, Lori Christman, Michelle Drescher, Brittany Hughes, Victor Macrinici, Gloria Diab
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite multiple clinical trials comparing the adductor canal block (ACB) with femoral nerve block (FNB) for total knee arthroplasty, none looked at the aforementioned nerve blocks from early functional results to up to 6 months after surgery. METHODS: For this prospective, double-blind, randomized, single-center trial, we enrolled 98 patients set to undergo total knee arthroplasty. The patients were randomized, with 93 patients included in the intention-to-treat analysis...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792212/postoperative-analgesia-for-elective-total-knee-arthroplasty-under-subarachnoid-anesthesia-with-opioids-comparison-between-epidural-femoral-block-and-adductor-canal-block-techniques-with-and-without-perineural-adjuvants-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
José R Ortiz-Gómez, Marta Perepérez-Candel, José M Vázquez-Torres, José M Rodriguez-Del Río, Berta Torrón-Abad, Inocencia Fornet-Ruiz, Francisco J Palacio-Abizanda
BACKGROUND: Optimal control of acute postoperative pain and prevention of chronic persistent pain in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remain a challenge. The main hypothesis was that nerve blocks improve postoperative analgesia especially if perineural adjuvants are added. METHODS: Immediate postoperative pain (24 hours) was evaluated every hour in 639 patients using a verbal rating 11-point scale for patient self-reporting of pain (VRS-11). All patients received subarachnoid anesthesia and were randomly allocated in 8 groups: control group, epidural (EA) and single shots femoral (FNB) or adductor canal blocks (ACB), both with and without adjuvants: dexamethasone (+Dexa) or dexmedetomidine (+Dexm)...
January 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749354/continuous-peripheral-nerve-blocks-an-update-of-the-published-evidence-and-comparison-with-novel-alternative-analgesic-modalities
#10
Brian M Ilfeld
A continuous peripheral nerve block (CPNB) consists of a percutaneously inserted catheter with its tip adjacent to a target nerve/plexus through which local anesthetic may be administered, providing a prolonged block that may be titrated to the desired effect. In the decades after its first report in 1946, a plethora of data relating to CPNB was published, much of which was examined in a 2011 Anesthesia & Analgesia article. The current update is an evidence-based review of the CPNB literature published in the interim...
January 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707556/adductor-canal-block-and-lateral-approach-of-sciatic-nerve-block-at-the-midthigh-level
#11
Yasuhiro Morimoto, Tatsunori Haruoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673141/poster-391-prospective-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial-to-compare-single-shot-adductor-canal-nerve-block-versus-femoral-nerve-block-combined-with-local-infiltration-analgesia-postoperative-functional-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
George Macrinici, Michelle Drescher, James Ascan, Krzysztof Babicz, Janet Clark, Paul Lagomarcino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627711/analgesic-efficacy-of-adductor-canal-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Xu Jiang, Qian-Qian Wang, Cheng-Ai Wu, Wei Tian
The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adductor canal block (ACB) for early postoperative pain management in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Relevant manuscripts comparing ACB with saline or femoral nerve block (FNB) in TKA patients were searched for in the databases of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library. The outcomes assessed included cumulative analgesic consumption, pain at rest or during movement, ability to ambulate, quadriceps strength, and complications (nausea, vomiting or sedation)...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592218/meta-analysis-of-epidural-analgesia-versus-peripheral-nerve-blockade-after-total-knee-joint-replacement
#14
REVIEW
Adam Daniel Gerrard, Ben Brooks, Peter Asaad, Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain after major knee surgery can be severe. Our aim was to compare the outcomes of epidural analgesia and peripheral nerve blockade (PNB) in patients undergoing total knee joint replacement (TKR). Moreover, we aimed to compare outcomes of adductor canal block (ACB) with those of femoral nerve block (FNB) after TKR. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of electronic information sources, including MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL)...
September 3, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557955/effects-of-multi-site-infiltration-analgesia-on-pain-management-and-early-rehabilitation-compared-with-femoral-nerve-or-adductor-canal-block-for-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Donghai Li, Zhen Tan, Pengde Kang, Bin Shen, Fuxing Pei
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to combine intra-articular and peri-articular with wound infiltration analgesia (multi-site infiltration analgesia, MIA) for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and compare its pain management and early rehabilitation effect with the commonly used nerve block including adductor cannel block (FNB) and femoral nerve block (ACB). METHOD: We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial and 77 patients were included for analysis...
January 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555206/addition-of-buprenorphine-to-local-anesthetic-in-adductor-canal-blocks-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-improves-postoperative-pain-relief-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Sandeep H Krishnan, Lisa A Gilbert, Farhad Ghoddoussi, Daniel J Applefield, Safa S Kassab, Terry A Ellis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For the hundreds of thousands of patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the United States each year, early mobilization has been demonstrated to improve functional outcomes and reduce complications. Management of postoperative pain is a critical factor in achieving early mobilization. Recent studies have shown that the use of an adductor canal block (ACB) after TKA results in increased preservation of quadriceps muscle strength, without significant difference in postoperative pain when compared to femoral nerve block...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547901/disappointing-discourse-adductor-canal-versus-femoral-nerve-block
#17
COMMENT
Lauren M Smith, Michael J Barrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537926/effect-of-total-dose-of-lidocaine-on-duration-of-adductor-canal-block-assessed-by-different-test-methods-a-report-of-two-blinded-randomized-crossover-studies-in-healthy-volunteers
#18
Pia Jæger, Zbigniew J Koscielniak-Nielsen, Karen Lisa Hilsted, Ulrik Grevstad, Volkert Siersma, Maria Louise Fabritius, Jørgen Berg Dahl
BACKGROUND: The binary aims of this study were to investigate the effect of total dose of lidocaine on duration of an adductor canal block (ACB) and to validate different methods used to assess nerve blocks. METHODS: We performed 2 blinded, randomized, controlled crossover trials, including healthy, young men. In study 1, 14 subjects received 4 ACBs with saline and 40, 80, and 160 mg lidocaine. In study 2, 14 new subjects received 2 ACBs with 100 and 300 mg lidocaine...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442773/interfascial-spread-of-injectate-after-adductor-canal-injection-in-fresh-human-cadavers
#19
Pierre Goffin, Jean-Pierre Lecoq, Vincent Ninane, Jean Francois Brichant, Xavi Sala-Blanch, Philippe E Gautier, Pierre Bonnet, Alain Carlier, Admir Hadzic
The adductor canal block has become a common analgesic technique in patients undergoing knee arthroplasty. Dispersion of local anesthetic outside the adductor canal through interfascial layers and blockade of smaller nerves that confer innervation to the knee could contribute to the analgesic efficacy of the adductor canal block. We studied the diffusion of local anesthetic mixed with dye after injection into the adductor canal in fresh human cadavers. In all 8 legs, injectate was found in the popliteal fossa in contact with the sciatic nerve and/or popliteal blood vessels...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326760/assessment-of-liposome-bupivacaine-infiltration-versus-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-for-postsurgical-analgesia-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
C S Kirkness, C V Asche, J Ren, K Gordon, P Maurer, B Maurer, B T Maurer
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative pain management is an important aspect of recovery from total knee arthroplasty (TKA) because severe pain can delay ambulation and hospital discharge. The objective of this retrospective sequential cohort study was to determine the impact of local infiltration analgesia using liposome bupivacaine (Exparel (1) ) when compared with a continuous femoral nerve block (FNB) following TKA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients who underwent TKA between April 2011 and April 2014, and received one of three interventions...
July 18, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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