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Femoral nerve catheter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920572/home-peripheral-nerve-catheters-the-first-24-months-of-experience-at-a-children-s-hospital
#1
Andrew Gable, Candice Burrier, Jenna Stevens, Sharon Wrona, Kevin Klingele, Tarun Bhalla, David P Martin, Giorgio Veneziano, Joseph D Tobias
CONTEXT: Home peripheral nerve catheters (PNCs) have become common practice for adult patients after major orthopedic surgery. However, use in pediatric patients is a recent application. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review the demographics and outcomes of pediatric patients receiving a PNC at our institution. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients from October 2012 through October 2014 undergoing orthopedic procedures with a PNC placed for postoperative pain management...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871587/peripheral-nerve-blocks-in-the-management-of-postoperative-pain-challenges-and-opportunities
#2
REVIEW
Girish Joshi, Kishor Gandhi, Nishant Shah, Jeff Gadsden, Shelby L Corman
Peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) are increasingly used as a component of multimodal analgesia and may be administered as a single injection (sPNB) or continuous infusion via a perineural catheter (cPNB). We undertook a qualitative review focusing on sPNB and cPNB with regard to benefits, risks, and opportunities for optimizing patient care. Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials have shown superior pain control and reductions in opioid consumption in patients receiving PNB compared with those receiving intravenous opioids in a variety of upper and lower extremity surgical procedures...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749354/continuous-peripheral-nerve-blocks-an-update-of-the-published-evidence-and-comparison-with-novel-alternative-analgesic-modalities
#3
Brian M Ilfeld
A continuous peripheral nerve block (CPNB) consists of a percutaneously inserted catheter with its tip adjacent to a target nerve/plexus through which local anesthetic may be administered, providing a prolonged block that may be titrated to the desired effect. In the decades after its first report in 1946, a plethora of data relating to CPNB was published, much of which was examined in a 2011 Anesthesia & Analgesia article. The current update is an evidence-based review of the CPNB literature published in the interim...
October 3, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749351/optimizing-pain-and-rehabilitation-after-knee-arthroplasty-a-two-center-randomized-trial
#4
Stephen Choi, Turlough O'Hare, Jeffrey Gollish, James E Paul, Hans Kreder, Kevin E Thorpe, Joel D Katz, Muhammad Mamdani, Peter Moisiuk, Colin J McCartney
BACKGROUND: This randomized trial compared (1) continuous femoral nerve block (cFNB), (2) single femoral nerve block (sFNB), and (3) local infiltration analgesia (LIA) with respect to analgesic and functional outcomes after primary tricompartmental knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: One hundred twenty patients undergoing primary tricompartmental knee arthroplasty were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 interventions for postoperative analgesia: (1) cFNB-preoperative bolus of ropivacaine 0...
November 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682287/postoperative-pain-relief-and-functional-outcome-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-comparative-audit-of-three-analgesic-regimes
#5
A Rajeev, N Tumia, K Karn, S Kashyap, D Mayne
Pain control plays a key role in joint-replacement -surgery. As a surgeon the challenge is to reduce pain to an acceptable level in the post-operative period. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of bolus -local anaesthesia, infusion in to the surgical site and nerve blocks with femoral nerve catheter and its functional outcome. A prospective audit of 114 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were carried out.The patients were divided in to three groups : Group 1 (n = 27) received a bolus injection of 20 ml 0...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#6
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603376/femoral-nerve-block-for-patient-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-study-evaluating-analgesic-effect-of-perineural-fentanyl-additive-to-local-anesthetics
#7
Bong Ha Heo, Hyeon Jung Lee, Hyung Gon Lee, Man Young Kim, Keun Suk Park, Jeong Il Choi, Myung Ha Yoon, Woong Mo Kim
BACKGROUND: The existence of peripheral opioid receptors and its effectiveness in peripheral nerve block remain controversial. The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blinded study was to examine the analgesic effects of adding fentanyl to ropivacaine for continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) using patient-controlled analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: The patients were divided into 2 groups, each with n = 40 in ropivacaine (R) group and n = 42 in R with fentanyl (R + F) group...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577265/perioperative-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-plasma-inflammatory-markers-after-orthopedic-surgery
#8
Jan Hirsch, Susana Vacas, Niccolo Terrando, Miao Yuan, Laura P Sands, Joel Kramer, Kevin Bozic, Mervyn M Maze, Jacqueline M Leung
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium is prevalent in older patients and associated with worse outcomes. Recent data in animal studies demonstrate increases in inflammatory markers in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) even after aseptic surgery, suggesting that inflammation of the central nervous system may be part of the pathogenesis of postoperative cognitive changes. We investigated the hypothesis that neuroinflammation was an important cause for postoperative delirium and cognitive dysfunction after major non-cardiac surgery...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429632/one-year-follow-up-effect-of-renal-sympathetic-denervation-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#9
Masoud Pourmoghaddas, Alireza Khosravi, Mohammadreza Akhbari, Mojtaba Akbari, Mohamadreza Pourbehi, Fereshteh Ziaei, Leila Salehizade, Nahid Sistan, Masoumeh Esmaeili, Peyman Bidram
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension is a common clinical problem of blood pressure that is not controlled despite the simultaneous application of multiple antihypertensive agents. Ablation of renal afferent nerves has been applied and proved to decrease hypertension and injuries produced by severe sympathetic hyperactivity. The main objective of this study was to investigate the long-term effect of renal artery sympathetic ablation and its complications in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377713/current-practice-in-regional-anaesthesia-in-south-america-an-online-survey
#10
M A Corvetto, J Carmona, M I Vásquez, C Salgueiro, J Crostón, R Sosa, V Folle, F R Altermatt
OBJECTIVE: A survey was conducted in order to obtain a profile of the practice of regional anesthesia in South America, and determine the limitations of its use. METHODS: After institutional ethics committee approval, a link to an online questionnaire was sent by e-mail to anaesthesiologists in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, and Uruguay. The questionnaire was processed anonymously. RESULTS: A total of 1,260 completed questionnaires were received...
July 1, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185669/opioid-consumption-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients-a-retrospective-comparison-of-adductor-canal-and-femoral-nerve-continuous-infusions-in-the-presence-of-a-sciatic-nerve-catheter
#11
Alberto E Ardon, Steven R Clendenen, Steven B Porter, Christopher B Robards, Roy A Greengrass
OBJECTIVE: To compare opioid consumption among patients who receive a continuous adductor canal block (ACB) versus continuous femoral nerve block (FB) for total knee arthroplasty analgesia in the presence of an intermittent sciatic nerve catheter (iSB). DESIGN: Matched cohort retrospective study. SETTING: Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL. PATIENTS: Ninety patient charts were included in this study: 45 patients with continuous ACB/iSB and 45 with continuous FB/iSB...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111083/novel-protocol-for-knee-mobilization-under-femoral-and-sciatic-nerve-blocks-for-postoperative-knee-stiffness
#12
Florian Wanivenhaus, Philippe M Tscholl, José A Aguirre, René Giger, Sandro F Fucentese
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intermittent femoral and sciatic nerve blocks combined with an in-house physiotherapy protocol for treating postoperative knee stiffness. Sixty-eight patients with postoperative knee stiffness were evaluated for passive knee flexion and extension at different time points, beginning preoperatively and continuing throughout a median 10-month follow-up after mobilization intervention. Sciatic and femoral nerve catheters were activated 1 hour prior to each physiotherapy session, which was performed twice per day and supported by a continuous passive range of motion machine...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085543/alteration-of-fatal-1-1-conducted-atrial-flutter-to-less-conducted-ratio-by-landiolol-infusion
#13
Junko Takata, Naoko Haruyama, Tomoko Arashi, Tomoko Mae
An 84-year-old male patient with a past history of atrial-flutter-fibrillation and dementia underwent an urgent femoral neck fracture surgery. Preoperative electrocardiography demonstrated atrial flutter (AFL) with ventricular conduction at a ratio of 2:1-4:1, and transthoracic echocardiography showed severe left ventricular dysfunction with Ejection Fraction of 14.6 %. Femoral nerve block and Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve block with sedation was planned for the surgery. Upon entry to the operating room, ECG showed 2:1 conducted AFL at the rate of 128 beats min(-1)...
August 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017776/-a-prospective-evaluation-of-the-fixation-of-the-catheters-for-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-in-patients-receiving-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tetsuhito Masubuchi, Itaru Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Continuous femoral block in total knee arthroplasty gives excellent perioperative pain control and quality of rehabilitation. Although accidental catheter dislodgement and fluid leakage from the puncture site are considered as major complications, there is no standard catheter fixation technique introduced. We tested a novel technique using a new transparent medical dressing combined with instant tissue adhesive to reduce the catheter related complications. METHODS: Twenty patients were randomly divided into the Tegadarm comfort film dressing with aron alpha A [Sankyo] group (TA group) and the Tegadarm film group (T group)...
February 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007076/the-risk-of-falls-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-the-use-of-a-femoral-nerve-block-versus-an-adductor-canal-block-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-study
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nabil M Elkassabany, Sean Antosh, Moustafa Ahmed, Charles Nelson, Craig Israelite, Ignacio Badiola, Lu F Cai, Rebekah Williams, Christopher Hughes, Edward R Mariano, Jiabin Liu
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal block (ACB) has emerged as an appealing alternative to femoral nerve block (FNB) that produces a predominantly sensory nerve block by anesthetizing the saphenous nerve. Studies have shown greater quadriceps strength preservation with ACB compared with FNB, but no advantage has yet been shown in terms of fall risk. The Tinetti scale is used by physical therapists to assess gait and balance, and total score can estimate a patient's fall risk. We designed this study to test the primary hypothesis that FNB results in a greater proportion of "high fall risk" patients postoperatively using the Tinetti score compared with ACB...
May 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897449/peripheral-nerve-blocks-in-patients-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-a-report-of-2-cases
#16
Michael S Patzkowski
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is an inherited disorder of collagen production that results in multiorgan dysfunction. Patients with hypermobility type display skin hyperextensibility and joint laxity, which can result in chronic joint instability, dislocation, peripheral neuropathy, and severe musculoskeletal pain. A bleeding diathesis can be found in all subtypes of varying severity despite a normal coagulation profile. There have also been reports of resistance to local anesthetics in these patients. Several sources advise against the use of regional anesthesia in these patients citing the 2 previous features...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885299/can-bedside-patient-reported-numbness-predict-postoperative-ambulation-ability-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients-with-nerve-block-catheters
#17
Seshadri C Mudumbai, Toni Ganaway, T Edward Kim, Steven K Howard, Nicholas J Giori, Cynthia Shum, Edward R Mariano
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal catheters offer advantages over femoral nerve catheters for knee replacement patients because they produce less quadriceps muscle weakness; however, applying adductor canal catheters in bedside clinical practice remains challenging. There is currently no patient-reported outcome that accurately predicts patients' physical function after knee replacement. The present study evaluates the validity of a relatively new patient-reported outcome, i.e., a numbness score obtained using a numeric rating scale, and assesses its predictive value on postoperative ambulation...
February 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876918/cardiovascular-responses-elicited-by-continuous-versus-intermittent-electrical-stimulation-of-the-aortic-depressor-nerve-in-conscious-rats
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fernanda Brognara, Daniel P Martins Dias, Jaci A Castania, Rubens Fazan, Stephen J Lewis, Helio C Salgado
AIMS: Short-term (seconds or minutes) continuous electrical activation of the aortic depressor nerve (ADN) in conscious rats has been successfully used to investigate baroafferent function in experimental hypertension, heart failure, and peripheral inflammation. The aim of this study was to characterize the hemodynamic responses elicited by longer periods (60min) of continuous or intermittent electrical baroreflex activation. MAIN METHODS: Wistar rats were implanted with an electrode around the left ADN and a catheter into a femoral artery...
March 1, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26863502/continuous-adductor-canal-blocks-does-varying-local-anesthetic-delivery-method-automatic-repeated-bolus-doses-versus-continuous-basal-infusion-influence-cutaneous-analgesia-and-quadriceps-femoris-strength-a-randomized-double-masked-controlled-split-body-volunteer
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amanda M Monahan, Jacklynn F Sztain, Bahareh Khatibi, Timothy J Furnish, Pia Jæger, Daniel I Sessler, Edward J Mascha, Jing You, Cindy H Wen, Ken A Nakanote, Brian M Ilfeld
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether continuous or scheduled intermittent bolus local anesthetic administration is preferable for adductor canal perineural catheters. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that scheduled bolus administration is superior or noninferior to a continuous infusion on cutaneous knee sensation in volunteers. METHODS: Bilateral adductor canal catheters were inserted in 24 volunteers followed by ropivacaine 0.2% administration for 8 hours...
May 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26843582/electrical-stimulation-of-the-aortic-depressor-nerve-in-conscious-rats-overcomes-the-attenuation-of-the-baroreflex-in-chronic-heart-failure
#20
Tomás O C Teixeira Pinto, Renata M Lataro, Jaci A Castania, Marina T Durand, Carlos A A Silva, Kaushik P Patel, Rubens Fazan, Helio C Salgado
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by autonomic dysfunction combined with baroreflex attenuation. The hypotensive and bradycardic responses produced by electrical stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve (ADN) were examined in conscious CHF and control male Wistar rats (12-13 wk old). Furthermore, the role of parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system in mediating the cardiovascular responses to baroreflex activation was evaluated by selective β1-adrenergic and muscarinic receptor antagonists...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
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