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Z Cui, A Agarwal, B F da Silva, R Sharma, E Sabanegh
Nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) patients present with high levels of serum FSH. At the protein level, the aetiology and pathways underlying different subtypes of NOA are unclear. The aim was to evaluate quantitatively differences in proteomic profiles of NOA patients presenting with normal serum FSH and normal testicular volume and high serum FSH and small testicular volume. The study comprised of 14 nonobstructive azoospermic men (N = 4; normal FSH and normal testicular volume and N = 10; high FSH and small testicular volume) and seven normozoospermic men...
March 12, 2018: Andrologia
Jian-Hui Li, Jun-Jun Jia, Wen Shen, Sha-Sha Chen, Li Jiang, Hai-Yang Xie, Lin Zhou, Shu-Sen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) causes postoperative complications and influences the outcome of the patients undergoing liver surgery and transplantation. Postconditioning (PostC) is a known manual conditioning to decrease the hepatic IRI. Here we aimed to optimize the applicable PostC protocols and investigate the potential protective mechanism. METHODS: Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: the sham group (n = 5), standard orthotopic liver transplantation group (OLT, n = 5), PostC group (OLT followed by clamping and re-opening the portal vein for different time intervals, n = 20)...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Alireza Abdanipour, Iraj Jafari Anarkooli, Saeed Shokri, Mehrdad Ghorbanlou, Vahid Bayati, Reza Nejatbakhsh
Oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species generation have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several neurological disorders including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and multiple sclerosis. In the present study, the neuroprotective effects of selegiline against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in hippocampus-derived neural stem cells (NSCs) were evaluated. NSCs isolated from neonatal Wistar rats were pretreated with different doses of selegiline for 48 h and then exposed to 125 µM H2O2 for 30 min...
January 2018: Biomedical Reports
Yingli Wang, Qun Zhao, Na Lan, Shuqian Wang
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is prevalent in several regions, including. Southern China and Southeast Asia, with high mortality. The present study aimed to explore the epigenetic mechanisms of NPC and to provide novel biomarkers for prognosis. Two methylation data sets (GSE52068 and GSE62336) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Following pretreatment of the raw data, differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and differentially methylated CpG islands (DMCs) were identified between the NPC samples and normal tissue controls using COHCAP software...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
George D Vavougios, Sotirios G Zarogiannis, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Dimos Dimitrios Mitsikostas, Georgios Hadjigeorgiou
BACKGROUND: currently only 4 studies have explored the potential role of PARK7's dysregulation in MS pathophysiology Currently, no study has evaluated the potential role of the PARK7 interactome in MS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the differential expression of PARK7 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclears (PBMCs) donated from MS versus healthy patients using data mining techniques. METHODS: The PARK7 interactome data from the GDS3920 profile were scrutinized for differentially expressed genes (DEGs); Gene Enrichment Analysis (GEA) was used to detect significantly enriched biological functions...
January 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Toshiharu Sakurai, Hiroshi Kashida, Yoriaki Komeda, Tomoyuki Nagai, Satoru Hagiwara, Tomohiro Watanabe, Masayuki Kitano, Naoshi Nishida, Jun Fujita, Masatoshi Kudo
BACKGROUND: Colitis-associated cancer (CAC) is caused by chronic intestinal inflammation and often results from refractory inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Stress response proteins Cirp and HSPA4 are involved in the refractory clinical course and development of CAC. RNA-binding motif protein 3 (RBM3) is induced in response to various stresses and is upregulated in several cancers. However, the role of RBM3 in CAC is unclear. METHODS: We assessed RBM3 expression and function in 263 human intestinal mucosa samples from patients with IBD and in Rbm3-deficient (Rbm3) mice...
January 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Ying-Li Han, Cong-Cong Hou, Chen Du, Jun-Quan Zhu
Heat shock proteins 70 (HSP70s) are molecular chaperones that aid in protection against environmental stress. In this study, we cloned and characterized five members of the HSP70 family (designated as HSPa1a, HSC70-1, HSC70-2, HSPa4 and HSPa14) from Lateolabrax maculatus using rapid amplification cDNA ends (RACE). Multiple sequence alignment and structural analysis revealed that all members of the HSP70 family had a conserved domain architecture, with some distinguishing features unique to each HSP70. Quantitative real-time (qPCR) analysis revealed that all members of the HSP70 family were ubiquitously and differentially expressed in all major types of tissues, including testicular tissue...
January 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Kanwal Maheshwari, Renato M Silva, Leticia Guajardo-Morales, Gustavo P Garlet, Alexandre R Vieira, Ariadne Letra
INTRODUCTION: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) protect cells under adverse conditions such as infection, inflammation, and disease. The differential expression of HSPs in human periapical granulomas suggests a potential role for these proteins in periapical lesion development, which may contribute to different clinical outcomes. Therefore, we hypothesized that polymorphisms in HSP genes leading to perturbed gene expression and protein function may contribute to an individual's susceptibility to periapical lesion development...
October 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Amanda K Lindholm-Perry, Rebecca J Kern, Brittney N Keel, Warren M Snelling, Larry A Kuehn, Harvey C Freetly
We have previously identified components of the immune system contributing to feed intake and gain in both the rumen and small intestine of beef steers. In this study, we examined the spleen, a major lymphatic organ near the digestive tract, to determine whether it was also influencing individual feed efficiency status through immune responses. Animals (n = 16) that were divergent for gain and intake were selected for tissue sampling. The spleen transcriptomes were evaluated by microarray. A total of 1216 genes were identified as differentially expressed...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
Srividya Vasu, Neville H McClenaghan, Peter R Flatt
OBJECTIVES: Mechanisms of toxicity and cell damage were investigated in novel clonal human pancreatic beta cell line, 1.1B4, after exposure to streptozotocin, alloxan, ninhydrin, and hydrogen peroxide. METHODS: Viability, DNA damage, insulin secretion/content, [Ca]i, and glucokinase/hexokinase, mRNA expression were measured by MTT assay, comet assay, radioimmunoassay, fluorometric imaging plate reader, enzyme-coupled photometry, and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively...
October 2016: Pancreas
Yun Sol Jo, Mi Ryoung Choi, Sang Yong Song, Min Sung Kim, Nam Jin Yoo, Sug Hyung Lee
Frameshift mutation of genes containing mononucleotide repeats is a feature of gastric (GC) and colorectal cancers (CRC) with microsatellite instability (MSI). In the public genome database, we found that human HSPA4 gene encoding a heats hock protein 70 protein (HSP70-4) and MED13 gene had mononucleotide repeats in the coding sequences that could be targets for frameshift mutation in cancers with MSI. HSP70-4 is a member of HSP70 that is known to play a role in cell survival. MED13 is a member of MED genome-wide transcription regulators that function as a regulator for diverse biological processes...
October 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Tatyana Appelbaum, Doreen Becker, Evelyn Santana, Gustavo D Aguirre
PURPOSE: Canine X-linked progressive retinal atrophy 1 (XLPRA1) caused by a mutation in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) GTPase regulator (RPGR) exon ORF15 showed significant variability in disease onset in a colony of dogs that all inherited the same mutant X chromosome. Defective protein trafficking has been detected in XLPRA1 before any discernible degeneration of the photoreceptors. We hypothesized that the severity of the photoreceptor degeneration in affected dogs may be associated with defects in genes involved in ciliary trafficking...
2016: Molecular Vision
Mohammad Reza Mirzaei, Mohammad Kazemi Arababadi, Malek Hossein Asadi, Seyed Javad Mowla
OBJECTIVE: OCT4B1, a novel variant of OCT4, is expressed in cancer cell lines and tis- sues. Based on our previous reports, OCT4B1 appears to have a crucial role in regulating apoptosis as well as stress response [heat shock proteins (HSPs)] pathways. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of OCT4B1 silencing on the expression of high molecular weight HSPs in three different human tumor cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, OCT4B1 expression was suppressed in AGS (gastric adenocarcinoma), 5637 (bladder tumor) and U-87MG (brain tumor) cell lines using RNAi strategy...
2016: Cell Journal
Ram Bhupal Reddy, Anupama Rajan Bhat, Bonney Lee James, Sindhu Valiyaveedan Govindan, Rohit Mathew, D R Ravindra, Naveen Hedne, Jeyaram Illiayaraja, Vikram Kekatpure, Samanta S Khora, Wesley Hicks, Pramila Tata, Moni A Kuriakose, Amritha Suresh
The head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) transcriptome has been profiled extensively, nevertheless, identifying biomarkers that are clinically relevant and thereby with translational benefit, has been a major challenge. The objective of this study was to use a meta-analysis based approach to catalog candidate biomarkers with high potential for clinical application in HNSCC. Data from publically available microarray series (N = 20) profiled using Agilent (4X44K G4112F) and Affymetrix (HGU133A, U133A_2, U133Plus 2) platforms was downloaded and analyzed in a platform/chip-specific manner (GeneSpring software v12...
2016: PloS One
Sheng-Wei Luo, Wei-Na Wang, Luo Cai, Zeng-Hua Qi, Cong Wang, Yuan Liu, Chang-Lian Peng, Liang-Biao Chen
The effects of Dissostichus mawsoni-Calmodulin (Dm-CaM) on growth performance, enzyme activities, respiratory burst, MDA level and immune-related gene expressions of the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) exposed to the acute low temperature stress were evaluated. The commercial diet supplemented with Dm-CaM protein was fed to the groupers for 6 weeks. No significant difference was observed in the specific growth rates, weight gains and survivals. After the feeding trial, the groupers were exposed to acute low temperature challenge...
October 2015: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Teng Ma, Lu Xu, Hongzhi Wang, Jing Chen, Lu Liu, Guobin Chang, Guohong Chen
IMP (inosine 5'-monophosphate) is a compound that enhances the flavor of poultry meat. IMP has become a new breeding trait to improve poultry meat quality. We tried to identify several potential regulatory genes, and construct their predicted regulatory relationships. Time series gene expression profiles of thigh muscle tissues of Rugao chicken, a famous indigenous breed in China, were performed for analysis of genes that are co-expressed or correlated with the concentration of IMP. We found 15 crucial co-expression genes, which are Hspa2, Pten, Gabpa, Bpi, Mkl1, Srf, Cd34, Hspa4, Etv6, Bmpr2, Gde1, Igfbp5, Cd28, Pecam1 and Gja1, that may directly or indirectly regulate IMP metabolism...
2015: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
Sourabh Dwivedi, Quaiser Saquib, Abdulaziz A Al-Khedhairy, Javed Ahmad, Maqsood A Siddiqui, Javed Musarrat
Rhamnolipids extracted from Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain JS-11 were utilized for synthesis of stable silver nanoparticles (Rh-AgNPs). The Rh-AgNPs (23 nm) were characterized by Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The cytotoxicity assays suggested significant decrease in viability of Rh-AgNPs treated human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) cells, compared with normal human peripheral blood mononuclear (PBMN) cells. Flow cytometry data revealed 1...
August 1, 2015: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Srividya Vasu, R Charlotte Moffett, Neville H McClenaghan, Peter R Flatt
Knowledge of the effects of glucotoxic and lipotoxic environments on proglucagon producing intestinal L cells and pancreatic alpha cells is limited compared with pancreatic beta cells. This study compares the in vitro responses of these cell types to hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia. Glucose (30 mM) and palmitate (0.5mM) reduced GLUTag and MIN6 cell viability while alpha TC1 cells were sensitive only to lipotoxicity. Consistent with this, Cat mRNA expression was substantially higher in GLUTag and alpha TC1 cells compared to MIN6 cells...
August 1, 2015: Experimental Cell Research
Andrey S Glotov, Evgeny S Tiys, Elena S Vashukova, Vladimir S Pakin, Pavel S Demenkov, Olga V Saik, Timofey V Ivanisenko, Olga N Arzhanova, Elena V Mozgovaya, Marina S Zainulina, Nikolay A Kolchanov, Vladislav S Baranov, Vladimir A Ivanisenko
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is the most common complication occurring during pregnancy. In the majority of cases, it is concurrent with other pathologies in a comorbid manner (frequent co-occurrences in patients), such as diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes and obesity. Providing bronchial asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis, certain neurodegenerative diseases and cancers as examples, we have shown previously that pairs of inversely comorbid pathologies (rare co-occurrences in patients) are more closely related to each other at the molecular genetic level compared with randomly generated pairs of diseases...
2015: BMC Systems Biology
Zongguo Yang, Liping Zhuang, Peter Szatmary, Li Wen, Hua Sun, Yunfei Lu, Qingnian Xu, Xiaorong Chen
BACKGROUND: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are overexpressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue and correlate with aggressiveness and prognosis of HCC. METHODS: Using the GSE14520 microarray expression profile from Gene Expression Omnibus, we compared HSP gene expression between tumour and non-tumour tissues and correlated this with outcomes in HCC patients. RESULTS: We analysed 220 hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC patients and 25 HSPs in this study...
2015: International Journal of Medical Sciences
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