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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932001/the-effects-of-vibratory-stimulation-employed-to-forearm-and-arm-flexor-muscles-on-upper-limb-function-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#1
Sang-Mi Jung
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate not only the effects of stimulatory vibration but also the retained effects 2 weeks after the last session of the intervention. [Subjects and Methods] Ten subjects with post-stroke hemiplegia were recruited in this study. The experimental group (EG) received vibratory stimulation for 30 minutes in each session, three times a week for 2 weeks. Grip strength (GS), box-and-block test (BBT), and Weinstein monofilament were used to assess hand strength, dexterity, and sensory in the affected hand, respectively...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931998/trunk-function-in-hemiplegic-wheelchair-users-when-using-wheelchair-cushions
#2
Kyohei Kawada
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate adapting wheelchair cushions to hemiplegic individuals based on trunk function and a single-leg driving motion. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 18 hemiplegic adults who were able to use and sit up in a wheelchair. Subjects were grouped into Able and Unable groups according to the Functional Assessment for Control of the Trunk (FACT). The posterior pelvic tilt angle and the driving speed and muscle activity at the long head of the biceps femoris at the start of wheelchair use were measured for three wheelchair cushion conditions, and FACT factors and cushion factors were then analyzed...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928195/reach-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-trial-of-rehabilitation-very-early-in-congenital-hemiplegia
#3
Roslyn N Boyd, Jenny Ziviani, Leanne Sakzewski, Iona Novak, Nadia Badawi, Kerstin Pannek, Catherine Elliott, Susan Greaves, Andrea Guzzetta, Koa Whittingham, Jane Valentine, Cathy Morgan, Margaret Wallen, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Lisa Findlay, Robert Ware, Simona Fiori, Stephen Rose
OBJECTIVES: Congenital hemiplegia is the most common form of cerebral palsy (CP). Children with unilateral CP show signs of upper limb asymmetry by 8 months corrected age (ca) but are frequently not referred to therapy until after 12 months ca. This study compares the efficacy of infant-friendly modified constraint-induced movement therapy (Baby mCIMT) to infant friendly bimanual therapy (Baby BIM) on upper limb, cognitive and neuroplasticity outcomes in a multisite randomised comparison trial...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927123/diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment-of-carotid-body-tumor-a-retrospective-analysis-of-58-patients
#4
Qingquan Hua, Zhen Xu, Yang Jiang
The aim of the present study was to illustrate the diagnosis and treatment of carotid body tumor (CBT) based on our experience of previous patients. A total of 58 patients (62 lesions) with CBT who received surgery between October 2003 and October 2013 were included. In total, 17 lesions were categorized into Shamblin grade I, 33 were grade II, and 12 were grade III. Surgical resection of CBT was performed for 52 lesions, resection of CBT and the external carotid artery was performed for 9 lesions, and resection of CBT and the internal carotid artery was performed for 1 lesion...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918357/long-term-follow-up-after-tibialis-anterior-tendon-shortening-in-combination-with-achilles-tendon-lengthening-in-spastic-equinus-in-cerebral-palsy
#5
Michèle Kläusler, Bernhard Maria Speth, Reinald Brunner, Oren Tirosh, Carlo Camathias, Erich Rutz
Using Tibialis Anterior Shortening (TATS) in combination with Achilles Tendon Lengthening (TAL) to treat spastic equinus in children with cerebral palsy (CP) was described in 2011. Short-term results have indicated a good outcome, especially an improvement of the drop foot in swing phase and the correction of equinus in stance phase. The aim of this study was to analyse the results of the long-term follow-up and to determine the relapse rate of TATS and TAL. The kinematics of the sagittal, frontal and transversal planes were measured by using instrumented 3D gait analysis at three defined time points and then described using the Gait Profile Score (GPS) and Movement Analysis Profile (MAP)...
August 30, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918117/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-high-school-football-player-with-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#6
Manisha R Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck
Mild traumatic brain injury is a major concern in young athletes, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million reported concussions in the US annually. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a rare autosomal-dominant condition characterized by sporadic episodes of transient unilateral motor weakness which may begin at any age. We present a case of a 17-year-old male with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation.
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912818/a-successfully-treated-case-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-causing-severe-anemia-and-localized-peritonitis-showing-angina-pectoris-resulting-in-watershed-cerebral-infarction
#7
Yoshihide Sehara, Yuka Hayashi, Kenichi Ohya, Naoki Kaneko, Mikio Sawada
Ischemic stroke following acute myocardial infarction is a rare but a serious complication. Because the pathophysiology of stroke is dynamic, it is often hard to identify the cause of stroke. Here, we present the case of a 75-year-old man with ischemic stroke following angina pectoris caused by severe anemia and localized peritonitis due to gastrointestinal stromal tumor of small intestine. On admission, he showed consciousness disturbance, fever, and left hemiplegia. The electrocardiogram on admission showed ST-segment depression in V2 to V6 which was normalized 4 hours later...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901192/neuronal-cell-sheets-of-cortical-motor-neuron-phenotype-derived-from-human-ipscs
#8
Noboru Suzuki, Nagisa Arimitsu, Jun Shimizu, Kenji Takai, Chieko Hirotsu, Yuji Ueda, Sueshige Wakisaka, Naruyoshi Fujiwara, Tomoko Suzuki
Transplantation of stem cells that differentiate into more mature neural cells brings about functional improvement in preclinical studies of stroke. Previous transplant approaches in the diseased brain utilized injection of the cells in a cell suspension. In addition, neural stem cells were preferentially used for grafting. However, these cells had no specific relationship to the damaged tissue of stroke and brain injury patients. The injection of cells in a suspension destroyed the cell-cell interactions that are suggested to be important for promoting functional integrity of cortical motor neurons...
August 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900444/more-than-a-decade-of-misdiagnosis-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood-with-catastrophic-outcome
#9
Hussein Algahtani, Bashair Ibrahim, Bader Shirah, Ahmad Aldarmahi, Ahad Abdullah
Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a distinct clinical disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of hemiplegia, abnormal ocular movement, and progressive developmental delay. It is an extremely rare genetic disorder related to ATP1A3 gene mutations. In this paper, we present a case of AHC in which the diagnosis was missed for many years until severe hypoxic brain insult occurred from prolonged status epilepticus. Not only we are presenting an interesting clinical entity and radiological images, but also we are shedding the light on a rare genetic disease with catastrophic sequelae...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900414/alterations-in-spectral-attributes-of-surface-electromyograms-after-utilization-of-a-foot-drop-stimulator-during-post-stroke-gait
#10
Rakesh Pilkar, Arvind Ramanujam, Karen J Nolan
BACKGROUND: A foot drop stimulator (FDS) is a rehabilitation intervention that stimulates the common peroneal nerve to facilitate ankle dorsiflexion at the appropriate time during post-stroke hemiplegic gait. Time-frequency analysis (TFA) of non-stationary surface electromyograms (EMG) and spectral variables such as instantaneous mean frequency (IMNF) can provide valuable information on the long-term effects of FDS intervention in terms of changes in the motor unit (MU) recruitment during gait, secondary to improved dorsiflexion...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900389/cerebellar-atrophy-and-changes-in-cytokines-associated-with-the-cacna1a-r583q-mutation-in-a-russian-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-type-1-family
#11
Svetlana F Khaiboullina, Elena G Mendelevich, Leyla H Shigapova, Elena Shagimardanova, Guzel Gazizova, Alexey Nikitin, Ekaterina Martynova, Yuriy N Davidyuk, Enver I Bogdanov, Oleg Gusev, Arn M J M van den Maagdenberg, Rashid A Giniatullin, Albert A Rizvanov
Background: Immune mechanisms recently emerged as important contributors to migraine pathology with cytokines affecting neuronal excitation. Therefore, elucidating the profile of cytokines activated in various forms of migraine, including those with a known genetic cause, can help in diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Methods: Here we (i) performed exome sequencing to identify the causal gene mutation and (ii) measured, using Bio-Plex technology, 22 cytokines in serum of patients with familial migraine (two with hemiplegic migraine and two with migraine with aura) from a Russian family that ethnically belongs to the Tatar population...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900040/reduced-diaphragm-excursion-during-reflexive-citric-acid-cough-test-in-subjects-with-subacute-stroke
#12
Yong-Min Choi, Geun-Young Park, Yeonji Yoo, Donggyun Sohn, YongJun Jang, Sun Im
BACKGROUND: Diaphragm excursion is limited during respiratory maneuvers after a stroke. How the diaphragm is limited during reflexive coughs and affects the effectiveness of cough in stroke patients is unclear. This study aimed to measure reflexive cough strength by cough peak flow (CPF) induced by citric acid nebulization (2.8 mol/L), record diaphragm excursions during reflexive coughs in stroke subjects at risk of silent aspiration, and compare these values with those of stroke subjects without risk of aspiration or dysphagia...
September 12, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899462/-diagnosis-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood
#13
Rong Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899461/-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood-and-epilepsy-in-an-infant
#14
Hui Chen, Ping Liu, Wen-Guang Hu, Jia Deng, Yan-Juan Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894616/esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-presenting-with-streptococcus-intermedius-cerebral-abscess
#15
Rabih Nayfe, Mustafa S Ascha, Esther H Rehmus
BACKGROUND: Cerebral abscess is caused by inoculation of an organism into the brain parenchyma from a site distant from the central nervous system. Streptococcus intermedius (S. intermedius) is a commensal organism that is normally present in the aerodigestive tract and was reported to be the cause of brain abscesses after esophageal dilatation or upper endoscopy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with hematemesis and melena followed by left-sided weakness...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889982/retraction-notice-to-electrical-stimulation-for-hemiplegic-shoulder-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-15-randomized-controlled-trials-arch-phys-med-rehabil-97-2016-1588-94
#16
Ping Gu, Juan-Juan Ran
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal). This article has been retracted at the request of the co-Editors-in-Chief. The article plagiarizes a paper that was published in BioMed Research International, Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 729768, 14 pages, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/729768. Nearly the entire introduction and sections of the methods, limitations and conclusions duplicate the BioMed Research International paper...
September 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886079/associations-between-lower-limb-muscle-activation-and-knee-flexion-in-post-stroke-individuals-a-study-on-the-stance-to-swing-phases-of-gait
#17
Wei Wang, Ke Li, Shouwei Yue, Cuiping Yin, Na Wei
Reduced knee flexion is a leading feature of post-stroke gait, but the causes have not been well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the knee flexion and the lower-limb muscle activation within the stance-to-swing phases of gait cycle in the post-stroke hemiplegic patients. Ten stroke patients and 10 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects participated in the experiment. The lower-limb kinematic signals and the surface electromyography (sEMG) signals of the left and right rectus femoris (RF), biceps femoris (BF) and lateral gastrocnemius (GS) were recorded during walking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878467/key-function-for-obstacle-crossing-in-hemiplegic-persons-with-varied-degrees-of-spasticity
#18
Hideaki Tanaka, Masami Yokogawa, Takao Nakagawa, Masahide Ibune, Toshihiro Ishiwatari, Shinichirou Kawakita
[Purpose] To evaluate various key functions related to obstacle crossing motions in hemiplegic people based on the paralysis degree. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-seven patients with maintenance-stage hemiplegia who could independently ambulate outdoors were included. Subjects' crossing movements were measured using obstacles with heights of 10%, 20%, and 30% of the trochanter length. The relationship among maximal crossing height and isometric knee extension muscle strength, one leg standing time, Trunk Impairment Scale score, disease duration, and subject age was examined, as was the target variable of maximum crossing height and the top four measurement items, to determine the explanatory variables...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877510/heart-rate-variability-modifications-induced-by-high-doses-of-incobotulinumtoxina-and-onabotulinumtoxina-in-hemiplegic-chronic-stroke-patients-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-crossover-pilot-study
#19
Alessio Baricich, Elisa Grana, Stefano Carda, Andrea Santamato, Claudio Molinari, Carlo Cisari, Marco Invernizzi
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A is a valid and safe treatment for focal spasticity, with documented effects on both sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. Heart rate variability can provide detailed information about the control of the autonomic nervous system on cardiovascular activities. Previous studies in literature showed no significant changes in Heart Rate Variability with doses >600 U of incobotulinumtoxinA in chronic post stroke spastic patients; however, at present time, these results have not been confirmed with doses >600 U of onabotulinumtoxinA...
September 4, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875598/recovery-of-proprioception-in-the-upper-extremity-by-robotic-mirror-therapy-a-clinical-pilot-study-for-proof-of-concept
#20
Hyung Seok Nam, Sukgyu Koh, Jaewon Beom, Yoon Jae Kim, Jang Woo Park, Eun Sil Koh, Sun Gun Chung, Sungwan Kim
A novel robotic mirror therapy system was recently developed to provide proprioceptive stimulus to the hemiplegic arm during a mirror therapy. Validation of the robotic mirror therapy system was performed to confirm its synchronicity prior to the clinical study. The mean error angle range between the intact arm and the robot was 1.97 to 4.59 degrees. A 56-year-old male who had right middle cerebral artery infarction 11 months ago received the robotic mirror therapy for ten 30-minute sessions during 2 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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