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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792556/effect-of-wii-training-on-hand-function-in-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#1
Shamekh Mohamed El-Shamy, Mohamed Fawzy El-Banna
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Wii training on hand function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 40 children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (8-12 years). The experimental group received Wii training involving four games for 40 minutes a day, three times a week for 12 weeks plus usual care. The control group received usual care alone. Outcomes were spasticity measured using the modified Ashworth scale, grip strength measured using dynamometry, and hand function measured using the Peabody developmental motor scale (2nd ed...
May 24, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783900/the-efficacy-comparison-of-citalopram-fluoxetine-and-placebo-on-motor-recovery-after-ischemic-stroke-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Marjan Asadollahi, Mahtab Ramezani, Ziba Khanmoradi, Ehsan Karimialavijeh
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness of oral citalopram, compared with fluoxetine and a placebo, in patients with post-stroke motor disabilities. DESIGN: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted between January 2015 and January 2016. SETTING: The neurology department of a university-affiliated urban hospital in Tehran, Iran. SUBJECTS: Ninety adult patients with acute ischemic stroke, hemiplegia, or hemiparesis and a Fugl-Meyer Motor Scale score of below 55 were included...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782407/effects-of-gait-training-with-auditory-feedback-on-walking-and-balancing-ability-in-adults-after-hemiplegic-stroke-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Yong-Jun Cha, Jung-Doo Kim, Yu-Ran Choi, Nan-Hyang Kim, Sung-Min Son
The aim of this study was to identify a gait training type that better improves the walking and balancing abilities of adult patients with chronic hemiplegic stroke. Single-blinded, randomized, controlled, comparative preliminary study was carried out. Patients were recruited from the inpatient unit of a Rehabilitation Hospital. Thirty-one patients who had experienced hemiplegic stroke were randomly assigned to three groups: the heel group (gait training by active weight bearing on the paretic heel with auditory feedback), the forefoot group (gait training with auditory feedback from paretic metatarsals), and the control group (general gait intervention)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781369/contralateral-extensive-cerebral-hemorrhagic-venous-infarction-caused-by-retrograde-venous-reflux-into-the-opposite-basal-vein-of-rosenthal-in-posttraumatic-carotid-cavernous-fistula-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Prasert Iampreechakul, Adisak Tanpun, Punjama Lertbusayanukul, Somkiet Siriwimonmas
We describe a patient with traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF), subsequently developing contralateral extensive hemorrhagic venous infarction from retrograde venous reflux into the opposite basal vein of Rosenthal. A 54-year-old woman was involved in a motor vehicle accident and sustained severe traumatic brain injury. Two months later, she developed bilateral proptosis and audible bruit. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the brain demonstrated the right direct CCF...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780895/salvage-procedure-using-a-chimney-endograft-for-early-cerebral-ischaemia-after-hybrid-aortic-arch-repair-of-a-primary-aorto-bronchial-fistula
#5
M Cappelle, V Coppin, H Thieren, G Maleux, I Fourneau
Introduction: Hybrid aortic arch repair for the treatment of aorto-bronchial fistulas has been suggested as a safe alternative to open repair. However, surgical morbidity and mortality are still significant and re-intervention is sometimes inevitable. Report: Successful rescue by a hybrid approach is reported in a 76 year old woman who was transferred from another centre with recurrent episodes of left hemiplegia shortly after debranching of the supra-aortic vessels and thoracic aortic stent grafting for an aorto-bronchial fistula associated with a true aneurysm at the level of origin of the left subclavian artery...
2018: EJVES Short Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777714/efficiency-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-transcutaneous-nerve-stimulation-on-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Meimei Zhou, Fang Li, Weibo Lu, Junfa Wu, Song Pei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS) on hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP). DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: A total of 184 HSP patients, aged 18-80 years, were recruited in the Rehabilitation Hospital from February 2014 to July 2016. The Ethics approval was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the Hospital...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775954/a-new-methodology-based-on-functional-principal-component-analysis-to-study-postural-stability-post-stroke
#7
M Luz Sánchez-Sánchez, Juan-Manuel Belda-Lois, Silvia Mena-Del Horno, Enrique Viosca-Herrero, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Beatriz Gisbert-Morant
BACKGROUND: A major goal in stroke rehabilitation is the establishment of more effective physical therapy techniques to recover postural stability. Functional Principal Component Analysis provides greater insight into recovery trends. However, when missing values exist, obtaining functional data presents some difficulties. The purpose of this study was to reveal an alternative technique for obtaining the Functional Principal Components without requiring the conversion to functional data beforehand and to investigate this methodology to determine the effect of specific physical therapy techniques in balance recovery trends in elderly subjects with hemiplegia post-stroke...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770609/whole-exome-sequencing-for-variant-discovery-in-blepharospasm
#8
Jun Tian, Satya R Vemula, Jianfeng Xiao, Enza Maria Valente, Giovanni Defazio, Simona Petrucci, Angelo Fabio Gigante, Monika Rudzińska-Bar, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Kathleen D Kennelly, Ryan J Uitti, Jay A van Gerpen, Peter Hedera, Elizabeth J Trimble, Mark S LeDoux
BACKGROUND: Blepharospasm (BSP) is a type of focal dystonia characterized by involuntary orbicularis oculi spasms that are usually bilateral, synchronous, and symmetrical. Despite strong evidence for genetic contributions to BSP, progress in the field has been constrained by small cohorts, incomplete penetrance, and late age of onset. Although several genetic etiologies for dystonia have been identified through whole-exome sequencing (WES), none of these are characteristically associated with BSP as a singular or predominant manifestation...
May 16, 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762872/the-effect-of-onabotulinumtoxina-on-aura-frequency-and-severity-in-patients-with-hemiplegic-migraine-case-series-of-11-patients
#9
Tiffany Y Chen, Ivan Garza, David W Dodick, Carrie E Robertson
BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA has been demonstrated to be effective for the preventive treatment of headache in individuals with chronic migraine and has been approved and recommended for this patient population. While the therapeutic effect of onabotulinumtoxinA on migraine headache is well documented, there is limited information on the effect of onabotulinumtoxinA on migraine aura. OBJECTIVE: Given the prolonged and often debilitating nature of aura in patients with hemiplegic migraine, our group sought to examine the effect of onabotulinumtoxinA on aura frequency and severity in this specific subset of migraine patients...
May 15, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753296/mortality-specific-comorbidity-among-inpatients-with-epilepsy-a-preliminary-cross-sectional-study-in-west-china
#10
Yang Si, Xiaoqiang Xiao, Hongbin Sun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the current condition of mortality-specific comorbidity among hospitalized patients with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS: The discharge abstract records of PWE from over 730,000 admissions were extracted from the hospital medical database. Fourteen mortality-related comorbidities from an epilepsy-specific index (ESI) were selected for the present assessment. The hospital-based prevalence of these comorbidities was estimated...
May 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752236/effect-of-the-synchronization-based-control-of-a-wearable-robot-having-a-non-exoskeletal-structure-on-the-hemiplegic-gait-of-stroke-patients
#11
Noriaki Mizukami, Shizue Takeuchi, Mikio Tetsuya, Atsushi Tsukahara, Kunihiro Yoshida, Akira Matsushima, Yoichi Maruyama, Kenji Tako, Minoru Hashimoto
We have been developing the robotic wear curara as both a welfare device and rehabilitation robot that assists the elderly and disabled. curara is aimed at user friendliness. We have, thus, chosen a non-exoskeleton structure made of a plastic so that the robot is as light in weight as possible and to minimize the restraining stress against natural human movement. We verified the assistance effect of curara on 15 hemiplegic patients with stroke by comparing gait parameters (i.e., velocity, step length, cadence, and symmetry of joint angles) among three conditions...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740504/epidural-abscess-presenting-as-severe-depression-with-suicidal-ideations-case-report
#12
Erin D'Agostino, Vyacheslav Makler, David F Bauer
Background: Epidural abscess (EDA) is an uncommon form of intracranial infection that generally presents with fever, headache, and focal neurologic deficit. Imaging generally reveals a lentiform collection with diffusion restriction on diffusion weighted image. We present an interesting case in which a patient with EDA presented with three weeks of depression with suicidal ideations. The patient displayed no notable infectious signs and the imaging was suggestive of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) rather than EDA...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736231/development-of-a-new-robotic-ankle-rehabilitation-platform-for-hemiplegic-patients-after-stroke
#13
Quanquan Liu, Chunbao Wang, Jian Jun Long, Tongyang Sun, Lihong Duan, Xin Zhang, Bo Zhang, Yajing Shen, Wanfeng Shang, Zhuohua Lin, Yulong Wang, Jinfeng Xia, Jianjun Wei, Weiguang Li, Zhengzhi Wu
A large amount of hemiplegic survivors are suffering from motor impairment. Ankle rehabilitation exercises act an important role in recovering patients' walking ability after stroke. Currently, patients mainly perform ankle exercise to reobtain range of motion (ROM) and strength of the ankle joint under a therapist's assistance by manual operation. However, therapists suffer from high work intensity, and most of the existed rehabilitation devices focus on ankle functional training and ignore the importance of neurological rehabilitation in the early hemiplegic stage...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736085/kinesiophobia-after-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-one-in-a-case-of-stroke-hemiplegia-and-effect-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#14
Damayanti Sethy, Surjeet Sahoo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732047/rehabilitation-of-upper-limb-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-preliminary-comparative-study
#15
Elena Beretta, Ambra Cesareo, Emilia Biffi, Carolyn Schafer, Sara Galbiati, Sandra Strazzer
Acquired brain injuries (ABIs) can lead to a wide range of impairments, including weakness or paralysis on one side of the body known as hemiplegia. In hemiplegic patients, the rehabilitation of the upper limb skills is crucial, because the recovery has an immediate impact on patient quality of life. For this reason, several treatments were developed to flank physical therapy (PT) and improve functional recovery of the upper limbs. Among them, Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) and robot-aided therapy have shown interesting potentialities in the rehabilitation of the hemiplegic upper limb...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732046/semg-signal-acquisition-strategy-towards-hand-fes-control
#16
Cinthya Lourdes Toledo-Peral, Josefina Gutiérrez-Martínez, Jorge Airy Mercado-Gutiérrez, Ana Isabel Martín-Vignon-Whaley, Arturo Vera-Hernández, Lorenzo Leija-Salas
Due to damage of the nervous system, patients experience impediments in their daily life: severe fatigue, tremor or impaired hand dexterity, hemiparesis, or hemiplegia. Surface electromyography (sEMG) signal analysis is used to identify motion; however, standardization of electrode placement and classification of sEMG patterns are major challenges. This paper describes a technique used to acquire sEMG signals for five hand motion patterns from six able-bodied subjects using an array of recording and stimulation electrodes placed on the forearm and its effects over functional electrical stimulation (FES) and volitional sEMG combinations, in order to eventually control a sEMG-driven FES neuroprosthesis for upper limb rehabilitation...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731251/common-variant-burden-contributes-to-the-familial-aggregation-of-migraine-in-1-589-families
#17
Padhraig Gormley, Mitja I Kurki, Marjo Eveliina Hiekkala, Kumar Veerapen, Paavo Häppölä, Adele A Mitchell, Dennis Lal, Priit Palta, Ida Surakka, Mari Anneli Kaunisto, Eija Hämäläinen, Salli Vepsäläinen, Hannele Havanka, Hanna Harno, Matti Ilmavirta, Markku Nissilä, Erkki Säkö, Marja-Liisa Sumelahti, Jarmo Liukkonen, Matti Sillanpää, Liisa Metsähonkala, Seppo Koskinen, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli Raitakari, Minna Männikkö, Caroline Ran, Andrea Carmine Belin, Pekka Jousilahti, Verneri Anttila, Veikko Salomaa, Ville Artto, Markus Färkkilä, Heiko Runz, Mark J Daly, Benjamin M Neale, Samuli Ripatti, Mikko Kallela, Maija Wessman, Aarno Palotie
Complex traits, including migraine, often aggregate in families, but the underlying genetic architecture behind this is not well understood. The aggregation could be explained by rare, penetrant variants that segregate according to Mendelian inheritance or by the sufficient polygenic accumulation of common variants, each with an individually small effect, or a combination of the two hypotheses. In 8,319 individuals across 1,589 migraine families, we calculated migraine polygenic risk scores (PRS) and found a significantly higher common variant burden in familial cases (n = 5,317, OR = 1...
April 27, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730667/investigating-muscle-function-after-stroke-rehabilitation-with-31p-mrs-a-preliminary-study
#18
Shuai Zhang, Min Chen, Lei Gao, Ying Liu
BACKGROUND New evidence reveals significant metabolic changes in skeletal muscle after stroke. However, it is unknown if 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) can evaluate these metabolic changes. Our objective here was to investigate: (a) if muscle energy metabolism changes in the affected side; (b) if muscle energy metabolism changes after rehabilitation; and (c) if energy metabolism measured by 31P-MRS can reflect changes in the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) and Fugl-Meyer assessment-lower extremity (FMA-LE) scores after rehabilitation...
May 6, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723522/transcriptomic-profiling-of-trigeminal-nucleus-caudalis-and-spinal-cord-dorsal-horn
#19
Lisette J A Kogelman, Rikke Elgaard-Christensen, Jes Olesen, Inger Jansen-Olesen, Thomas F Hansen
The pain sensation system is highly conserved among species, thus animal models have been used to investigate relevant tissues. The focus for head-specific pain has been on the primary nociceptive neurons in the trigeminal pathway, i.e. trigeminal ganglia. The secondary nociceptive neurons of the trigeminal pathway, trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC), have not been assessed. We expect different gene expression profiles compared to the homologous spinal cord dorsal horn (SDH), as several signalling substances provoke head-specific pain but not peripheral pain...
April 30, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716805/predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-among-patients-with-brain-abscess-in-thailand
#20
Thanyalak Amornpojnimman, Pat Korathanakhun
Although brain abscess is a fatal neurological infection, the studies in Thailand are quite limited and outdate. This study aims to identify predictors of mortality among patients with brain abscess in Thailand. Patients with a diagnosis of brain abscess admitted to Songklanagarind Hospital, a referral tertiary care hospital in southern Thailand, between 2002 and 2017 were enrolled into this retrospective case control study. Demographic data, neurological status, clinical presentations, predisposing factors, microbiological profiles, neuroimaging findings, treatments, and outcomes were collected from electronic medical records...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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