keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

methyl ester

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748736/identification-of-bioactive-constituents-from-different-fractions-of-stems-of-cuscuta-reflexa-roxb-using-gc-ms
#1
Diptirani Rath, Sandeep Kumar Panigrahi, Durga Madhab Kar, Laxmidhar Maharana
The GC-MS analysis of fractions of methanol extract of stem of Cuscuta reflexa (Family Convolvulaceae) was carried out using a THERMO TRACE 1300 Gas Chromatograph equipped and coupled to a mass detector THERMO TSQ 8000 spectrometer with an TG 5MS (30 m × 0.25 mm, 0.25 μm) of capillary column. Database of National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) library was used to identify the components. GC-MS revealed two known compounds i.e. 2-Methoxy-4-vinyl phenol (6.80%) and Benzofuran-2,3-dihydro (20...
July 27, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748085/fermentation-induced-changes-in-volatile-components-of-african-oil-bean-pentaclethra-macrophylla-benth-seeds
#2
Reginald C Ohiri, Essien E Bassey
Fermented African oil bean (Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth) seed also referred to as "Ugba" is a known delicacy, mainly consumed by Africans. Human migration has also led to the introduction of this delicacy into most European and American countries. This study shows the changes in volatile components of African oil bean (P. macrophylla Benth) seed at different stages of fermentation. A quantity of 0.3 kg each of dehulled and sliced raw sample and cooked unfermented sample were separately ground, while 2 and 4 days fermented samples obtained by inoculating 0...
July 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745639/a-lipid-extraction-and-analysis-method-for-characterizing-soil-microbes-in-experiments-with-many-samples
#3
Lawrence G Oates, Harry W Read, Jessica L M Gutknecht, David S Duncan, Teri B Balser, Randall D Jackson
Microbial communities are important drivers and regulators of ecosystem processes. To understand how management of ecosystems may affect microbial communities, a relatively precise but effort-intensive technique to assay microbial community composition is phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis. PLFA was developed to analyze phospholipid biomarkers, which can be used as indicators of microbial biomass and the composition of broad functional groups of fungi and bacteria. It has commonly been used to compare soils under alternative plant communities, ecology, and management regimes...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742516/prevention-of-renal-ischemia-perfusion-induced-renal-and-hepatic-injury-in-adult-male-albino-rats-by-oxytocin-role-of-nitric-oxide
#4
Merhan Mamdouh Ragy, Neven Makram Aziz
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OT) has an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect in the different inflammatory models. The current study aimed to evaluate the protective function of OT in renal and hepatic damages triggered by renal ischemia/reperfusion (IR) in rats. Moreover, the effect of NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) was investigated on the kidney and liver functions in renal IR model. METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into four groups (six rats each) as follows: (1) Sham-operated group; (2) Renal IR group; (3) Renal IR+OT group; (4) Renal IR+OT+l-NAME...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738622/a-flow-based-procedure-exploiting-the-lab-in-syringe-approach-for-the-determination-of-ester-content-in-biodiesel-and-diesel-biodiesel-blends
#5
Samara Soares, Wanessa R Melchert, Fábio R P Rocha
The ester content is an important parameter to be monitored in biodiesel for evaluation of the transesterification reaction yield and for assessing the purity of the final product. This is also a relevant quality parameter in diesel/biodiesel blends to avoid frauds, because legislation establishes a minimum amount of biodiesel to be added to diesel. The official method EN14103 requires the addition of an alternative internal standard (methyl nonadecanoate) for analysis of biodiesel from bovine tallow because the methyl heptadecanoate is found in high amounts in this product...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738595/compound-specific-%C3%AE-13-c-and-%C3%AE-2-h-analysis-of-olive-oil-fatty-acids
#6
Mauro Paolini, Luana Bontempo, Federica Camin
Fatty acids are the most abundant biomolecules in olive oil. In this study, we describe the analytical method developed to measure the δ(13)C, and for the first time, the δ(2)H values of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) extracted from olive oil triglycerides, after base-catalysed transesterification with methanol. The extracted FAMEs are analysed using Gas Chromatography Combustion/Pyrolysis Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (GC-C/Py-IRMS). The method made it possible to obtain baseline separation between the peaks of the main FAMEs (C16, C18, C18:1, C18:2)...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738571/determination-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-infant-formula-using-solid-state-urea-clathrate-formation-with-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#7
Zoltán Nyiri, Márton Novák, Zsolt Bodai, Noémi Petrovics, Zsuzsanna Eke
An analytical method has been developed for the quantitative determination of the 16 EU priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in infant formula. Prior to analysis infant formula is subjected to sample preparation including the extraction of PAHs from the sample, transesterification of the triglyceride content of the extract to fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), and solid state urea clathrate formation to remove the FAMEs. Measurements were carried out with gas chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735475/antioxidant-and-antibacterial-activities-of-pelargonium-asperum-and-ormenis-mixta-essential-oils-and-their-synergistic-antibacterial-effect
#8
Wessal Ouedrhiri, Mounyr Balouiri, Samira Bouhdid, El Houssaine Harki, Sandrine Moja, Hassane Greche
In this work, the chemical composition, the antioxidant, and the antibacterial activities of two Moroccan essential oils less studied, extracted from Pelargonium asperum and Ormenis mixta, were investigated. According to the gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry analysis, citronellol (25.07%), citronellyl ester (10.52%), geraniol (10.46%), and buthyl anthranilate (5.93%) were found to be the major components of P. asperum, while O. mixta was mainly composed of D-germacrene (11.46%), 1,8-cineole (10...
July 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732959/ultrasonic-assisted-continuous-methanolysis-of-jatropha-curcas-oil-in-the-appearance-of-biodiesel-used-as-an-intermediate-solvent
#9
Gajendra Kumar, Vidhi Singh, Dharmendra Kumar
A environmental friendly system for fast transesterification of Jatropha curcas oil was developed for the production of biodiesel using an ultrasonic-assisted continuous tank reactor in the presence of fatty acid methyl ester (FAMEs) used as a green (intermediate) solvent with potassium hydroxide used as a catalyst. This research provide a new biodiesel production process, the optimal condition for the reaction were established: reaction temperature 25°C oil to methanol molar ratio was 1:5, catalyst concentration 0...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730205/dithieno-3-2-b-2-3-d-pyrrole-benzo-c-1-2-5-thiadiazole-conjugate-small-molecule-donors-effect-of-fluorine-content-on-their-photovoltaic-properties
#10
Manohar Reddy Busireddy, Narendra Reddy Chereddy, Balaiah Shanigaram, Bhanuprakash Kotamarthi, Subhayan Biswas, Ganesh Datt Sharma, Jayathirtha Rao Vaidya
Two new small molecule donors, namely ICT4 and ICT6 with D1-A-D2-A-D1 architecture having 2,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-4H-dithieno[3,2-b:2',3'-d]pyrrole (EHDTP, D1) and 4,8-bis((2-ethylhexyl)oxy)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (OBDT, D2) as the terminal and central donor, and benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (BT for ICT4) and 5,6-difluorobenzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (F2BT for ICT6) as the acceptor (A) moieties, are synthesized and their optical, electronic and photovoltaic properties are investigated. Both ICT4 and ICT6 have considerable solubility in various solvents and possess efficient light absorption ability [ε (×10(5) mol(-1) cm(-1)) is 0...
July 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729072/recycling-of-food-waste-for-fuel-precursors-using-an-integrated-bio-refinery-approach
#11
O P Karthikeyan, H T Nguyen Hao, Ali Razaghi, Kirsten Heimann
The main aim was to integrate FW-recycling with cultivation of Rhodotorula glutinis and anaerobic digestion (AD) for bio-energy and -fuel recovery. Mixed FW was mechanically macerated (Pcon) and hydrolysed (at 250gL(-1) water) via chemical (Ch), thermal (Th) and TCh (combined Ch and Th) treatments. Cleared hydrolysates from individual pre-treatment processes were used as culture medium for cultivation of R. glutinis, while the residual solids (RS) were subjected to AD. Pcon cultivation yielded maximal R. glutinis dry weight biomass (5...
June 26, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728914/hydroxycinnamoyl-derivatives-and-secoiridoid-glycoside-derivatives-from-syringa-vulgaris-flowers-and-their-effects-on-the-pro-inflammatory-responses-of-human-neutrophils
#12
M K Dudek, B Michalak, M Woźniak, M E Czerwińska, A Filipek, S Granica, A K Kiss
Thirteen new compounds including caffeoyl-glucaric and p-coumaroyl-altraric acid derivatives, one monoterpenoid glucoside, four secoiridoid glycosides, and three hydroxycinnamoyl phenylpropanoid glycosides esterified with an oleoside 11-methyl ester along with fifteen known compounds were isolated from flowers of Syringa vulgaris L. (Oleaceae). Their structures were elucidated by high-resolution spectroscopic methods. The tested compounds were able to decrease the production of reactive oxygen species. Moreover, oleoechinacoside (13), demethylhydroxyoleonuezhenide (14), demethyloleonuezhenide (15), syringaoleoacteoside (25) and oleoacteoside (26) at the concentration of 50μM, moderately suppressed the LPS-stimulated release of pro-inflammatory chemokine IL-8 and TNF-α from human neutrophils...
July 17, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726567/possible-mechanisms-involved-in-the-anti-nociceptive-effects-of-hydro-ethanolic-leaf-extract-of-ziziphus-abyssinica
#13
Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Isaac Tabiri Henneh, Wonder Kofi Mensah Abotsi, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw, Eric Woode
CONTEXT: Various parts of Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst ex. A. Rich (Rhamnaceae) have been used in Ghanaian and African traditional medicine as an analgesic. However, there are little scientific data to support the anti-nociceptive effects of the hydro-ethanolic leaf extract of Ziziphus abyssinica (EthE) as well as the possible mechanisms involved in its anti-nociceptive effects. PURPOSE: To predict possible nociceptive pathways involved in the anti-nociceptive effects of EthE...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726518/differential-responses-of-mesenteric-arterial-bed-to-vasoactive-substances-in-l-name-induced-preeclampsia-role-of-oxidative-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction
#14
Taline A S Amaral, Dayane T Ognibene, Lenize C R M Carvalho, Ana Paula M Rocha, Cristiane A Costa, Roberto S Moura, Angela C Resende
To investigate the systemic and placental oxidant status as well as vascular function in experimental preeclampsia (PE) induced by nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Fetal parameters and maternal blood pressure, proteinuria, mesenteric arterial bed (MAB) reactivity, and systemic and placental oxidative stress were compared between four groups: pregnant rats receiving L-NAME (60 mg/kg/day, orally) (P + L-NAME) or vehicle (P) from days 13 to 20 of pregnancy and nonpregnant rats receiving L-NAME (NP + L-NAME) or vehicle (NP) during 7 days...
July 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722259/l-ornithine-and-l-lysine-stimulate-gastrointestinal-motility-via-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1
#15
Junya Nakato, Yee Yin Ho, Ryo Omae, Takafumi Mizushige, Kunitoshi Uchida, Makoto Tominaga, Minji Kim, Tsuyoshi Goto, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Teruo Kawada, Saori Akiduki, Ryuhei Kanamoto, Kousaku Ohinata
SCOPE: The gastrointestinal (GI) tract senses and responds to intraluminal nutrients and these interactions often affect GI functions. We found that, among basic amino acids, L-ornithine (Orn) and L-lysine (Lys) stimulated but L-arginine (Arg) suppressed GI motility after oral administration (24 mmol/kg) in mice (Orn and Lys, 14.3 and 26.4% promotion; Arg, 7.7% suppression). We investigated the mechanism of the action of Orn and Lys on GI motility. METHODS AND RESULTS: Orn-induced promotion of small intestinal transit was significantly inhibited (P<0...
July 18, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721615/phycoremediation-potential-of-marine-microalga-tetraselmis-indica-on-secondary-treated-domestic-sewage-for-nutrient-removal-and-biodiesel-production
#16
Amit, Rajesh Chandra, Uttam Kumar Ghosh, Jagdeep Kumar Nayak
Marine microalga Tetraselmis indica (T. indica) was cultivated in secondary treated domestic sewage (STDS) in batch mode. Optimization studies showed that after 14 days of cultivation period, highest biomass yield reached was 0.88 ± 0.04 g/L at the optimum temperature of 27 ± 1 °C and light intensity of 135 μmol m(-2) s(-1). T. indica removed about 60.93% phosphate, 78.46% nitrate, 72.94% chemical oxygen demand (COD), 73.17% biological oxygen demand (BOD), 98.90% total dissolved solids (TDS) and heavy metals (83...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720004/antinociceptive-synergistic-interaction-between-achillea-millefolium-and-origanum-vulgare-l-extract-encapsulated-in-liposome-in-rat
#17
Farshad Hassanzadeh-Kiabi, Babak Negahdari
AIM: This study aims to evaluate the antinociceptive effect of combined Achillea millefolium and Origanum extract encapsulated in liposome. METHODS: The effect of Achillea millefolium and Origanum vulgare L. extract, and their liposome-incorporated form was assessed using 3% formalin test in rat. 12 male Wistar rats, 4 in each group, were used in this study, and increasing doses of Achillea millefolium (31.6, 100, 178, and 316 mg/kg) and Origanum vulgare L. extract (5...
July 18, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718290/enhanced-long-term-and-thermal-stability-of-polymer-solar-cells-in-air-at-high-humidity-with-the-formation-of-unusual-quantum-dot-networks
#18
Long Tan, Fan Yang, Mee Rahn Kim, Pandeng Li, Deepak Thrithamarassery Gangadharan, Joëlle Margot, Ricardo Izquierdo, Mohamed Chaker, Dongling Ma
Due to the practical applications of polymer solar cells (PSCs), their stability recently has received increasing attention. Herein, a new strategy was developed to largely enhance the long-term and thermal stability of PSCs in air with a relatively high humidity of 50-60% without any encapsulation. In this strategy, semiconductor PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots (QDs) were incorporated into the photoactive blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). By replacing the initial ligands of oleic acid with halide ligands on the surface of PbS/CdS QDs via solution-phase ligand exchange, we were able to form unusual, continuous QD networks in the film of P3HT:PCBM, which effectively stabilized the photoactive layer...
July 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718020/critical-aggregates-concentration-of-fatty-esters-present-in-biodiesel-determined-by-turbidity-and-fluorescence
#19
Sandro Froehner, Juan Sánez, Luiz Fernando Dombroski, Maria Paula Gracioto
Biodiesel for combustible engine is available as mixture of fossil diesel and fatty esters obtained by transesterification of vegetable oils. The use of biodiesel reduces the amount of SOx, mainly. However, it was already observed that biodiesel has a different behavior in environment in cases of accidental spill and groundwater contamination. It was noticed that the biodegradation of hydrocarbons (cyclic and aliphatic) in the presence of biodiesel are speeded, although the mechanism is still unclear. Considering the chemical structure of fatty esters, it was investigated the formation of aggregates in water solution by fatty esters present in commercial biodiesel...
July 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717333/analysis-of-chemical-signatures-of-alkaliphiles-using-fatty-acid-methyl-ester-analysis
#20
Basha Sreenivasulu, Chinthala Paramageetham, Dasari Sreenivasulu, Bukke Suman, Katike Umamahesh, Gundala Prasada Babu
BACKGROUND: Fatty acids occur in nearly all living organisms as the important predominant constituents of lipids. While all fatty acids have essentially the same chemical nature, they are an extremely diverse group of compounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To test the hypothesis, fatty acids of alkaliphiles isolates, Bacillus subtilis SVUNM4, Bacillus licheniformis SVUNM8, Bacillus methylotrohicus SVUNM9, and Paenibacillus dendritiformis SVUNM11, were characterized compared using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
keyword
keyword
68655
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"