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Epithelial mesenchymal transition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933466/microrna-145-modulates-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-suppresses-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-by-targeting-sip1-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells
#1
Anusha Sathyanarayanan, Karthik Subramanian Chandrasekaran, Devarajan Karunagaran
PURPOSE: Previously, it has been reported that microRNA-145 (miR-145) is lowly expressed in human cervical cancers and that its putative tumour suppressive role may be attributed to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulation. Here, we aimed to assess whether miR-145 may affect EMT-associated markers/genes and suppress cervical cancer growth and motility, and to provide a mechanistic basis for these phenomena. METHODS: The identification of the SMAD-interacting protein 1 (SIP1) mRNA as putative miR-145 target was investigated using a 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) luciferase assay and Western blotting, respectively...
December 8, 2016: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932881/preparation-and-antitumor-evaluation-of-self-assembling-oleanolic-acid-loaded-pluronic-p105-d-%C3%AE-tocopheryl-polyethylene-glycol-succinate-mixed-micelles-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treatment
#2
Hao Wu, Qingxiang Zhong, Rongling Zhong, Houcai Huang, Zhi Xia, Zhongcheng Ke, Zhenhai Zhang, Jie Song, Xiaobin Jia
Oleanolic acid (OA) is a triterpenoid found in various fruits and vegetables and used in traditional Chinese medicine. OA plays a crucial role in the treatment of several cancers, but poor water solubility, low permeability, and significant efflux have limited its widespread clinical use. Vitamin E-d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (vitamin E-TPGS) and Pluronic P105 were used to improve the solubility and permeability and to decrease the efflux of OA. OA-loaded mixed micelles were prepared by ethanol thin-film hydration...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932757/-expressions-of-epithelial-cell-adhesion-molecule-vimentin-and-n-cadherin-in-molecular-subtypes-of-breast-cancer-and-the-correlation-among-them
#3
Limei Fu, Min Liu, Xuemei Yu, Xinjun Li
To examine the expressions of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), vimentin and N-cadherin in breast cancer and its molecular subtypes, and to explore the correlation among them.
 Methods: The expressions of EpCAM, vimentin and N-cadherin were detected by immunohistochemistry in 835 patients with breast cancer, and their correlations with clinical pathological features and prognosis were analyzed.
 Results: The expression rates of EpCAM, vimentin and N-cadherin in the patients were 53.4%, 11.4% and 9...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932399/novel-hybrid-phenotype-revealed-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-a-transcription-factor-network-model-that-can-explain-tumor-heterogeneity
#4
Akshata R Udyavar, David J Wooten, Megan D Hoeksema, Mukesh Bansal, Andrea Califano, Lourdes Estrada, Santiago Schnell, Jonathan M Irish, Pierre P Massion, Vito Quaranta
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a devastating disease due to its propensity for early invasion and refractory relapse after initial treatment response. Although these aggressive traits have been associated with phenotypic heterogeneity, our understanding of this association remains incomplete. To fill this knowledge gap, we inferred a set of 33 transcription factors (TF) associated with gene signatures of the known neuroendocrine/epithelial (NE) and non-neuroendocrine/mesenchymal-like (ML) SCLC phenotypes...
December 8, 2016: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930738/mir-151-3p-targets-twist1-to-repress-migration-of-human-breast-cancer-cells
#5
Ting-Chih Yeh, Tzu-Ting Huang, Tien-Shun Yeh, Yu-Ren Chen, Kai-Wen Hsu, Pen-Hui Yin, Hsin-Chen Lee, Ling-Ming Tseng
TWIST1 is a highly conserved basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that contributes to cancer metastasis by promoting an epithelial-mesenchymal transition and repressing E-cadherin gene expression in breast cancer. In this study, we explored the potential role of miR-151 in TWIST1 expression and cancer properties in human breast cancer cells. We found that the human TWIST1 3'UTR contains a potential binging site for miR-151-3p at the putative target sequence 5'-CAGUCUAG-3'. Using a TWIST1-3'UTR luciferase reporter assay, we demonstrated that the target sequence within the TWIST1 3'UTR is required for miR-151-3p regulation of TWIST1 expression...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930303/transcription-factor-zeb2-regulates-commitment-to-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-and-monocyte-fate
#6
Xiaodi Wu, Carlos G Briseño, Gary E Grajales-Reyes, Malay Haldar, Arifumi Iwata, Nicole M Kretzer, Wumesh Kc, Roxane Tussiwand, Yujiro Higashi, Theresa L Murphy, Kenneth M Murphy
Dendritic cells (DCs) and monocytes develop from a series of bone-marrow-resident progenitors in which lineage potential is regulated by distinct transcription factors. Zeb2 is an E-box-binding protein associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition and is widely expressed among hematopoietic lineages. Previously, we observed that Zeb2 expression is differentially regulated in progenitors committed to classical DC (cDC) subsets in vivo. Using systems for inducible gene deletion, we uncover a requirement for Zeb2 in the development of Ly-6C(hi) monocytes but not neutrophils, and we show a corresponding requirement for Zeb2 in expression of the M-CSF receptor in the bone marrow...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930287/emergent-structures-and-dynamics-of-cell-colonies-by-contact-inhibition-of-locomotion
#7
Bart Smeets, Ricard Alert, Jiří Pešek, Ignacio Pagonabarraga, Herman Ramon, Romaric Vincent
Cells in tissues can organize into a broad spectrum of structures according to their function. Drastic changes of organization, such as epithelial-mesenchymal transitions or the formation of spheroidal aggregates, are often associated either to tissue morphogenesis or to cancer progression. Here, we study the organization of cell colonies by means of simulations of self-propelled particles with generic cell-like interactions. The interplay between cell softness, cell-cell adhesion, and contact inhibition of locomotion (CIL) yields structures and collective dynamics observed in several existing tissue phenotypes...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929542/autophagy-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-an-intricate-interplay-in-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Mila Gugnoni, Valentina Sancisi, Gloria Manzotti, Greta Gandolfi, Alessia Ciarrocchi
Autophagy and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) are major biological processes in cancer. Autophagy is a catabolic pathway that aids cancer cells to overcome intracellular or environmental stress, including nutrient deprivation, hypoxia and drugs effect. EMT is a complex transdifferentiation through which cancer cells acquire mesenchymal features, including motility and metastatic potential. Recent observations indicate that these two processes are linked in a complex relationship. On the one side, cells that underwent EMT require autophagy activation to survive during the metastatic spreading...
December 8, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929537/upregulation-of-mir-205-under-hypoxia-promotes-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-by-targeting-aspp2
#9
Xingwen Wang, Miao Yu, Kunming Zhao, Mengmeng He, Wenjie Ge, Yuhui Sun, Yihua Wang, Haizhu Sun, Ying Hu
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the crucial procedures for cancer invasion and distal metastasis. Despite undergoing intensive studies, the mechanisms underlying EMT remain to be completely elucidated. Here, we identified that apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53-2 (ASPP2) is a novel target of MiR-205 in various cancers. Interestingly, the binding site of MiR-205 at the 3'-untranslated region of ASPP2 was highly conserved among different species. An inverse correlation between MiR-205 and ASPP2 was further observed in vivo in cervical cancers, suggesting MiR-205 may be an important physiological inhibitor of ASPP2...
December 8, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928465/gene-expression-and-pathway-analysis-of-ctnnb1-in-cancer-and-stem-cells
#10
Shihori Tanabe, Takeshi Kawabata, Kazuhiko Aoyagi, Hiroshi Yokozaki, Hiroki Sasaki
AIM: To investigate β-catenin (CTNNB1) signaling in cancer and stem cells, the gene expression and pathway were analyzed using bioinformatics. METHODS: The expression of the catenin β 1 (CTNNB1) gene, which codes for β-catenin, was analyzed in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and gastric cancer (GC) cells. Beta-catenin signaling and the mutation of related proteins were also analyzed using the cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics and HOMology modeling of Complex Structure (HOMCOS) databases...
November 26, 2016: World Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926871/in%C3%A2-vivo-visualization-of-cardiomyocyte-apicobasal-polarity-reveals-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-like-transition-during-cardiac-trabeculation
#11
Vanesa Jiménez-Amilburu, S Javad Rasouli, David W Staudt, Hiroyuki Nakajima, Ayano Chiba, Naoki Mochizuki, Didier Y R Stainier
Despite great strides in understanding cardiac trabeculation, many mechanistic aspects remain unclear. To elucidate how cardiomyocyte shape changes are regulated during this process, we engineered transgenes to label their apical and basolateral membranes. Using these tools, we observed that compact-layer cardiomyocytes are clearly polarized while delaminating cardiomyocytes have lost their polarity. The apical transgene also enabled the imaging of cardiomyocyte apical constriction in real time. Furthermore, we found that Neuregulin signaling and blood flow/cardiac contractility are required for cardiomyocyte apical constriction and depolarization...
December 6, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926867/genomic-instability-is-induced-by-persistent-proliferation-of-cells-undergoing-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#12
Valentine Comaills, Lilian Kabeche, Robert Morris, Rémi Buisson, Min Yu, Marissa Wells Madden, Joseph A LiCausi, Myriam Boukhali, Ken Tajima, Shiwei Pan, Nicola Aceto, Srinjoy Sil, Yu Zheng, Tilak Sundaresan, Toshifumi Yae, Nicole Vincent Jordan, David T Miyamoto, David T Ting, Sridhar Ramaswamy, Wilhelm Haas, Lee Zou, Daniel A Haber, Shyamala Maheswaran
TGF-β secreted by tumor stroma induces epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cancer cells, a reversible phenotype linked to cancer progression and drug resistance. However, exposure to stromal signals may also lead to heritable changes in cancer cells, which are poorly understood. We show that epithelial cells failing to undergo proliferation arrest during TGF-β-induced EMT sustain mitotic abnormalities due to failed cytokinesis, resulting in aneuploidy. This genomic instability is associated with the suppression of multiple nuclear envelope proteins implicated in mitotic regulation and is phenocopied by modulating the expression of LaminB1...
December 6, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926518/higher-programmed-cell-death-1-ligand-1-pd-l1-mrna-level-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinomas-is-associated-with-a-favorable-outcome-due-to-the-active-immune-responses-in-tumor-tissues
#13
Xiang-Hui Ning, Yan-Qing Gong, Shi-Ming He, Teng Li, Jiang-Yi Wang, Shuang-He Peng, Jin-Chao Chen, Jia-Yuan Liu, Nie-Nie Qi, Ying-Lu Guo, Kan Gong
Renal cell carcinoma is one of the most common urological tumors. The role of programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) in renal cell carcinomas in predicting outcome of the patients is yet unclear. We analyzed the clinical and RNA-seq data of 522 kidney clear cell cancer, 259 kidney papillary cell carcinoma and 66 kidney chromophobe patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. In kidney clear cell cancer patients with high PD-L1 mRNA level and low PD-L1 mRNA level in tumors, the median overall survival periods were 45...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926490/positive-regulation-of-taz-expression-by-ebv-lmp1-contributes-to-cell-proliferation-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#14
Jiang He, Feiyu Tang, Liyu Liu, Lin Chen, Jiang Li, Danming Ou, Lu Zhang, Zhi Li, Deyun Feng, Wenzheng Li, Lun-Quan Sun
The Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is an integral membrane protein. LMP1 has been reported to activate the NF-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. However, these effects alone are unable to account for the profound oncogenic properties of LMP1. TAZ is one of the nuclear effectors of Hippo-related pathways and highly expressed in many human tumors. Here, we reported that TAZ was frequently expressed in LMP1-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In NPC cell lines, we showed that LMP1 promoted TAZ expression...
December 2, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926487/egf-induces-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-cancer-stem-like-cell-properties-in-human-oral-cancer-cells-via-promoting-warburg-effect
#15
Qilin Xu, Qunzhou Zhang, Yasutaka Ishida, Souren Hajjar, Xudong Tang, Haoran Shi, Chi V Dang, Anh D Le
"Warburg effect", the enhanced glycolysis or aerobic glycolysis, confers cancer cells the ability to survive and proliferate even under stressed conditions. In this study, we explored the role of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in orchestrating Warburg effect, the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process, and the acquisition of cancer stem-like cell properties in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. Our results showed that EGF induces EMT process in OSCC cells, which correlates with the acquisition of cancer stem-like properties, including the enrichment of CD44+/CD24- population of cancer cells and an increased expression of CSC-related genes, aldehyde dehydrogenase-1 (ALDH1) and Bmi-1...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926483/the-metastasis-suppressor-cd82-kai1-inhibits-fibronectin-adhesion-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-prostate-cancer-cells-by-repressing-the-associated-integrin-signaling
#16
Jaeseob Lee, Hee-Jung Byun, Moon-Sung Lee, Young-June Jin, Dooil Jeoung, Young-Myeong Kim, Hansoo Lee
The transmembrane protein CD82/KAI1 suppresses the metastatic potential of various cancer cell types. Moreover, decrease or loss of CD82 expression is closely associated with malignancy and poor prognosis in many human cancers including prostate cancer. Despite intense scrutiny, the mechanisms underlying the metastasis-suppressing role of CD82 are still not fully understood. Here, we found that a fibronectin matrix induced mesenchymal phenotypes in human prostate cancer cells with no or low CD82 expression levels...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925454/rap1a-promotes-ovarian-cancer-metastasis-via-activation-of-erk-p38-and-notch-signaling
#17
Lili Lu, Jingshu Wang, Yougen Wu, Ping Wan, Gong Yang
As one of the Ras-associated proteins, Rap1A has been linked to cancer initiation and development. However, the precise function of Rap1A in ovarian cancer is still not understood. Here, we show that Rap1A promotes ovarian cancer tumorigenesis and metastasis via stimulating cell proliferation, migration and invasion both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistic study showed that Rap1A activates extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Notch pathways, leading to the enhanced expression of several epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers such as slug, zeb1, vimentin, fibronectin, and MMP9...
December 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924820/integrin-%C3%AE-7-is-a-functional-cancer-stem-cell-surface-marker-in-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Xiao-Yan Ming, Li Fu, Li-Yi Zhang, Yan-Ru Qin, Ting-Ting Cao, Kwok Wah Chan, Stephanie Ma, Dan Xie, Xin-Yuan Guan
Non-CG methylation has been associated with stemness regulation in embryonic stem cells. By comparing differentially expressed genes affected by non-CG methylation between tumour and corresponding non-tumour tissues in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), we find that Integrin α7 (ITGA7) is characterized as a potential cancer stem cell (CSC) marker. Clinical data show that a high frequency of ITGA7(+) cells in OSCC tissues is significantly associated with poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and worse prognosis...
December 7, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924566/cell-based-assays-to-study-erk-pathway-caveolin1-interactions
#19
Raffaele Strippoli, Asier Echarri, Miguel Angel Del Pozo
Caveolin1, the main component of caveolae, plays a major role in regulating cell motility, gene expression, and cytoskeleton remodeling downstream of many membrane receptors. Here, we summarize different techniques set up to study changes in cell morphology and cell motility regulated by ERK/caveolin1 interactions during induction of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in mesothelial cells (MCs).
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924063/%C3%AE-np63%C3%AE-and-micrornas-leveraging-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#20
REVIEW
Andrew J Stacy, Michael P Craig, Suraj Sakaram, Madhavi Kadakia
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cellular reprogramming mechanism that is an underlying cause of cancer metastasis. Recent investigations have uncovered an intricate network of regulation involving the TGFβ, Wnt, and Notch signaling pathways and small regulatory RNA species called microRNAs (miRNAs). The activity of a transcription factor vital to the maintenance of epithelial stemness, ΔNp63α, has been shown to modulate the activity of these EMT pathways to either repress or promote EMT...
December 4, 2016: Oncotarget
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