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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318407/effectiveness-of-the-custom-mold-room-temperature-vulcanizing-silicone-toe-separator-on-hallux-valgus-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-controlled-trial
#1
Navaporn Chadchavalpanichaya, Voraluck Prakotmongkol, Nattapong Polhan, Pitchaya Rayothee, Sirirat Seng-Iad
BACKGROUND: Silicone toe separator is considered as a conservative treatment for hallux valgus. The prefabricated toe separator does not fit all. However, effectiveness in prescription of the custom-mold toe separator is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of using a custom-mold room temperature vulcanizing silicone toe separator to decrease hallux valgus angle and hallux pain. The compliances, complications, and satisfactions of toe separator were also explored...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290704/predicting-manual-therapy-treatment-success-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-improving-self-reported-function
#2
Eric A Wikstrom, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT: Therapeutic modalities that stimulate sensory receptors around the foot-ankle complex improve chronic ankle instability (CAI)-associated impairments. However, not all patients have equal responses to these modalities. Identifying predictors of treatment success could improve clinician efficiency when treating patients with CAI. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a response analysis on existing data to identify predictors of improved self-reported function in patients with CAI...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288878/outcomes-and-complications-of-percutaneous-versus-open-repair-of-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Bo Yang, Yang Liu, Shunli Kan, Di Zhang, Hong Xu, Feifei Liu, Guangzhi Ning, Shiqing Feng
BACKGROUND: Acute Achilles tendon rupture (AATR) is a frequent injury occurring dominantly in young to middle-aged males. Outcomes and complications between percutaneous and open repair are still controversial. Thus, the purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the outcomes and complications of these two operative methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched multiple databases: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library up to October 2016. Two reviewers independently screened the studies for eligibility, evaluated the quality and extracted data from eligible studies, with confirmation by cross-checking...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284574/comparison-of-5-fu-based-and-capecitabine-based-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#4
Xiang-Cai Zou, Qiwen Wang, Jimin Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The inconvenience of using infusion therapies resulted in the development of capecitabine (CA), an oral fluoropyrimidine. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated 10 studies that compared the efficacy and safety of an oral CA-based regimen with those of a continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) regimen for neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in patients with rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The databases searched included Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar (until August 31, 2016)...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279428/nadroparin-or-fondaparinux-versus-no-thromboprophylaxis-in-patients-immobilised-in-a-below-knee-plaster-cast-protect-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Marlieke M Bruntink, Yannick M E Groutars, Inger B Schipper, Roelf S Breederveld, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Robert J Derksen
BACKGROUND: The immobilisation of the lower leg is associated with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). However, thromboprophylaxis in patients with a below-knee plaster cast remains controversial. We examined the efficacy and safety of nadroparin and fondaparinux to ascertain the need for thromboprophylaxis in these patients. METHODS: PROTECT was a randomised, controlled, single-blind, multicentre study that enrolled adults with an ankle or foot fracture who required immobilisation for a minimum of four weeks...
February 22, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272011/human-reticular-acellular-dermal-matrix-in-the-healing-of-chronic-diabetic-foot-ulcerations-that-failed-standard-conservative-treatment-a-retrospective-crossover-study
#6
Charles M Zelen, Dennis P Orgill, Thomas E Serena, Robert D Galiano, Marissa J Carter, Lawrence A DiDomenico, Jarrod P Kaufman, Jennifer Keller, Nathan J Young, William W Li
BACKGROUND: Acellular matrices have been successfully used to heal indolent diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). These tissues include allogenic dermis as well as xenograft dermis, pericardium, and small intestine submucosa. While all of these tissues show promise for healing DFUs, dermal-derived matrices have shown considerable potential. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed healing in patients with DFUs that failed the standard of care (SOC) treatment from a previous prospective randomized, controlled trial (RCT)...
February 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267678/enzymatic-debridement-of-chronic-nonischemic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Juan Carlos Jimenez, Patrick S Agnew, Perry Mayer, John R Clements, Joseph M Caporusso, Darrell L Lange, Jaime E Dickerson, Herbert B Slade
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized, controlled multicenter trial was to evaluate the clinical outcomes associated with the use of clostridial collagenase ointment (CCO) for up to 12 weeks in 215 patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus and a neuropathic, nonischemic diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized into either a group receiving CCO applied once daily at a thickness of ~2 mm or a group receiving standard care (SC) consisting of a daily application of a hydrogel as needed to maintain a moist ulcer environment...
February 27, 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267677/diabetic-foot-ulcers-treated-with-porcine-urinary-bladder-extracellular-matrix-and-total-contact-cast-interim-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Oscar M Alvarez, Tashara Smith, Thomas W Gilbert, Neh J Onumah, Martin E Wendelken, Rachelle Parker, Lee Markowitz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a porcine urinary bladder-derived extracellular matrix (UBM) for the treatment of recalcitrant, neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, parallel, randomized, single-center study involving 17 subjects was performed in an outpatient wound care center setting. Each subject with a DFU was randomized (2:1) to receive the urinary bladder matrix (UBM) plus offloading with a total contact cast (TCC) or standard care (nonadherent dressing plus TCC)...
February 27, 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265461/a-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-difference-between-functional-bracing-and-plaster-cast-for-the-treatment-of-ankle-fractures
#9
Rebecca S Kearney, Nick Parsons, Dipesh Mistry, Jonathan Young, Jaclyn Brown, Joanne O'Beirne-Elliman, Matthew Costa
BACKGROUND: UK Hospital Episode Statistics 2013-2014 recorded 57,286 fractures of the lower limb including the ankle. This figure is expected to continue to increase due to a greater population of older adults. Following an ankle fracture, patients usually have their ankle immobilised with a plaster cast. This provides maximum support for the healing ankle but is associated with stiffness and muscle wasting. A Cochrane Review has concluded that functional bracing may reduce muscle wasting and speed recovery of ankle movement...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241776/the-effectiveness-of-robot-assisted-gait-training-versus-conventional-therapy-on-mobility-in-severely-disabled-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-patients-ragtime-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sofia Straudi, Fabio Manfredini, Nicola Lamberti, Paolo Zamboni, Francesco Bernardi, Giovanna Marchetti, Paolo Pinton, Massimo Bonora, Paola Secchiero, Veronica Tisato, Stefano Volpato, Nino Basaglia
BACKGROUND: Gait and mobility impairments affect the quality of life (QoL) of patients with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) is an effective rehabilitative treatment but evidence of its superiority compared to other options is lacking. Furthermore, the response to rehabilitation is multidimensional, person-specific and possibly involves functional reorganization processes. The aims of this study are: (1) to test the effectiveness on gait speed, mobility, balance, fatigue and QoL of RAGT compared to conventional therapy (CT) in progressive MS and (2) to explore changes of clinical and circulating biomarkers of neural plasticity...
February 27, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239398/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study-of-nanocrystalline-silver-manuka-honey-and-conventional-dressing-in-healing-diabetic-foot-ulcer
#11
Ka-Kit Tsang, Enid Wai-Yung Kwong, Tony Shing-Shun To, Joanne Wai-Yee Chung, Thomas Kwok-Shing Wong
Nanocrystalline silver (nAg) and Manuka honey (MH) dressing have increasing popularity for treating diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). This study was an open-label randomized controlled trial with three parallel groups' design in examining the preliminary effectiveness of nAg against MH and conventional dressing in healing DFU in terms of ulcer healing, ulcer infection, and inflammation. 31 participants (11 in the nAg group, 10 in the MH group, and 10 in the convention group) diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were enrolled...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225220/efficacy-of-ruscus-extract-hmc-and-vitamin-c-constituents-of-cyclo-3-fort%C3%A2-on-improving-individual-venous-symptoms-and-edema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials
#12
Stavros K Kakkos, François A Allaert
INTRODUCTION: Venoactive drugs (VADs) are considered an important component of the medical (conservative) treatment of chronic venous disorders (CVDs). However, the efficacy of certain VADs on one or more individual leg symptoms may have not been extensively studied to justify a high level or grade of recommendation in guidelines on CVD. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to study the effectiveness of VADs containing Ruscus across the spectrum of defined venous symptoms...
April 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215117/does-the-parental-stretching-programs-improve-metatarsus-adductus-in-newborns
#13
Perajit Eamsobhana, Karn Rojjananukulpong, Thanase Ariyawatkul, Chatupon Chotigavanichaya, Kamolporn Kaewpornsawan
BACKGROUND: Metatarsus adductus (MA) is a common pediatric foot deformity. Current recommendations suggest observation until 4-6 months, then casting if the deformity persists. Based on our review of the literatures, no randomized controlled trial has been conducted to study the effectiveness of parental stretching in the correction of MA in newborn. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-four newborn feet that were diagnosed as MA by clinical examination were enrolled. Feet were randomized into two groups: observation group and stretching group...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209507/ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-stimulation-of-posterior-tibial-nerve-a-potential-novel-intervention-for-recalcitrant-plantar-fasciitis
#14
Yung-Tsan Wu, Chih-Ya Chang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chun-Chang Yeh, Tsung-Ying Li, Heng-Yi Chu, Liang-Cheng Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic benefit of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation at the posterior tibial nerve (PTN) in patients with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis (PF). DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial (12-week follow-up). SETTING: Outpatient of local medical center settings. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six patients with recalcitrant PF were randomized and 36 participants were included in the final data analysis...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209169/vascular-impulse-technology-versus-elevation-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-swelling-of-extremity-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Marc Schnetzke, Benedict Swartman, Isabel Bonnen, Holger Keil, Svenja Schüler, Paul A Grützner, Jochen Franke
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the extremities are often complicated by a variable degree of swelling secondary to hemorrhage and soft tissue injury. Patients typically require up to 7 days of inpatient bed rest and elevation to reduce swelling to an acceptable level for operative treatment with internal fixation. Alternatively, an intermittent pneumatic compression device, such as the Vascular Impulse Technology (VIT) system, can be used at the injured extremity to reduce the posttraumatic swelling...
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207840/using-the-hephaistos-orthotic-device-to-study-countermeasure-effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-dietary-lupin-protein-supplementation-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Jochen Zange, Kathrin Schopen, Kirsten Albracht, Darius A Gerlach, Petra Frings-Meuthen, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Wilhelm Bloch, Jörn Rittweger
PURPOSE: The present study investigated whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation for 20 min twice a day with an electrode placed over the soleus muscle and nutritional supplementation with 19 g of protein rich lupin seeds can reduce the loss in volume and strength of the human calf musculature during long term unloading by wearing an orthotic unloading device. METHODS: Thirteen healthy male subjects (age of 26.4 ± 3.7 years) wore a Hephaistos orthosis one leg for 60 days during all habitual activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190486/randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-foot-trimming-before-and-after-first-calving-on-subsequent-lameness-episodes-and-productivity-in-dairy-heifers
#17
S A Mahendran, J N Huxley, Y-M Chang, M Burnell, D C Barrett, H R Whay, T Blackmore, C S Mason, N J Bell
The objective of this study was to assess both independent and combined effects of routine foot trimming of heifers at 3 weeks pre-calving and 100 days post calving on the first lactation lameness and lactation productivity. A total of 419 pre-calving dairy heifers were recruited from one heifer rearing operation over a 10-month period. Heifers were randomly allocated into one of four foot trimming regimens; pre-calving foot trim and post-calving lameness score (Group TL), pre-calving lameness score and post-calving foot trim (Group LT), pre-calving foot trim and post-calving foot trim (Group TT), and pre-calving lameness score and post-calving lameness score (Group LL, control group)...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176423/effects-of-foot-massage-applied-2-different-methods-on-symptom-control-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-randomized-control-trial
#18
Neşe Uysal, Sevinç Kutlutürkan, Işıl Uğur
This randomized controlled clinical study aimed to determine the effect of 2 foot massage methods on symptom control in people with colorectal cancer who received chemoradiotherapy. Data were collected between June 16, 2015, and February 10, 2016, in the Department of Radiation Oncology of an oncology training and research hospital. The sample comprised 60 participants. Data were collected using an introductory information form, common terminology criteria for adverse events and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaires C30 and CR29...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159040/recombinant-human-platelet-derived-growth-factor-bb-versus-autologous-bone-graft-in-foot-and-ankle-fusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Han Sun, Pei-Pei Lu, Ping-Hui Zhou, Si-Wei Sun, Hong-Tao Zhang, Yi-Jie Liu, Xu Yang, Xiao-Feng Shen, Hui-Lin Yang
Today, autogenous bone graft (ABG) is still considered as the gold standard for joint fusion. Recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB) which is of chemotactic and mitogenic to mesenchymal stem cells and possesses outstanding osteogenetic potentials has been used for ankle and foot fusion in recent years. The goal of this article is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of rhPDGF-BB versus ABG in foot and ankle fusion. The PubMed MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were systematic searched...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156451/strength-training-to-enhance-early-recovery-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#20
Eileen Collins, Chang Park, Tara Peters, Damiano Rondelli
190 Background: Intensive cancer treatment followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) results in moderate to severe fatigue and physical inactivity leading to diminished functional ability. METHODS: This study compared strength training to enhance early recovery (STEER) (n = 33) to attentional control with health education (n = 34) in adult HCT patients on primary outcomes (physical activity and fatigue) and secondary outcome (functional ability) in a single-blind randomized clinical trial...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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