keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

body mass index

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222533/type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-cognitive-impairments-a-systematic-review
#1
Wei Li, Edgar Huang, Sujuan Gao
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a major subtype of diabetes and is usually diagnosed at a young age with insulin deficiency. The life expectancy of T1DM patients has increased substantially in comparison with that three decades ago due to the availability of exogenous insulin, though it is still shorter than that of healthy people. However, the relation remains unclear between T1DM and dementia as an aging-related disease. We conducted a systematic review of existing literature on T1DM and cognition impairments by carrying out searches in electronic databases Medline, EMBASE, and Google Scholar...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222491/the-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#2
Fatemeh Aliasghari, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Tahereh Behroozi Lak
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorder that may be effective in reducing the quality of life. This study aimed to determine the predictors of quality of life in women with PCOS. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 174 women with PCOS who attended in public and private fertility clinics in Urmia (West Azerbaijan, Iran), 2015. The data were collected through the questionnaires of sociodemographic and obstetrics characteristics, quality of life and Beck depression inventory-II...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222463/changes-in-body-mass-index-in-pheochromocytoma-patients-following-adrenalectomy
#3
Ariadni Spyroglou, Christian Adolf, Stefanie Hahner, Marcus Quinkler, Roland Ladurner, Martin Reincke, Felix Beuschlein
Catecholamine excess from pheochromocytoma results in cardiovascular symptoms such as arterial hypertension and tachycardia and induces metabolic alterations including glucose intolerance and increase in resting metabolic rate. The objective of our study was to investigate the effect of surgical cure of pheochromocytoma on body-mass-index and the correlation of body-mass-index changes to preoperative endocrine parameters. Pheochromocytoma patients from the Munich ENSAT Registry were matched (1:2) for age and gender to patients from the German Conn's Registry, who had undergone surgery for aldosterone-producing-adenomas...
February 21, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222431/the-routine-use-of-intrapartum-ultrasound-in-clinical-decision-making-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-does-it-have-any-impact-on-delivery-outcomes
#4
Oren Barak, Roni Levy, Orna Flidel, Svetlana Zaks, Moshe Gillor, Zion Hagay, Edi Vaisbuch
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to assess whether the use of intrapartum transperineal ultrasound (US) can reduce the rate of failed vacuum extraction (VE). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including all women delivering at term with the diagnosis of protracted second stage of labor. The mode of delivery and rate of failed VE were compared between women who underwent a US examination prior to the decision on obstetrical interventions ("+US" group) and those in whom clinical decisions were based upon digital assessment only ("no-US" group)...
February 22, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222407/parathyroid-hormone-response-to-severe-vitamin-d-deficiency-is-associated-with-femoral-neck-bone-mineral-density-an-observational-study-of-405-women-with-hip-fracture
#5
Marco Di Monaco, Carlotta Castiglioni, Rosa Tappero
OBJECTIVE: Hip-fracture patients with vitamin D deficiency can have either secondary hyperparathyroidism or normal levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH). We hypothesized that bone mineral density (BMD) could be lower in patients with high PTH levels than in those with normal levels of PTH, irrespectively of the severity of vitamin D depletion. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, we examined 405 women who had serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D below 12ng/ml 20.0 ± 5.9 (mean ± SD) days after a hip-fracture...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222325/household-food-group-expenditure-patterns-are-associated-with-child-anthropometry-at-ages-5-8-and-12-years-in-ethiopia-india-peru-and-vietnam
#6
Debbie L Humphries, Kirk A Dearden, Benjamin T Crookston, Tassew Woldehanna, Mary E Penny, Jere R Behrman
: Population-level analysis of dietary influences on nutritional status is challenging in part due to limitations in dietary intake data. Household expenditure surveys, covering recent household expenditures and including key food groups, are routinely conducted in low- and middle-income countries. These data may help identify patterns of food expenditure that relate to child growth. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationship between household food expenditures and child growth using factor analysis...
February 14, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222311/associations-of-body-weight-perception-and-weight-control-behaviors-with-problematic-internet-use-among-korean-adolescents
#7
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee
We examined the association of body mass index (BMI), body weight perception, and weight control behaviors with problematic Internet use in a nationwide sample of Korean adolescents. Cross-sectional data from the 2010 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey collected from 37,041 boys and 33,655 girls in middle- and high- schools (grades 7-12) were analyzed. Participants were classified into groups based on BMI (underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese), body weight perception (underweight, normal weight, and overweight), and weight control behavior (no weight control behavior, appropriate weight control behavior, inappropriate weight control behavior)...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222218/reduced-inflammatory-responses-of-follicular-helper-t-cell-promote-the-development-of-regulatory-b-cells-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#8
Junfang Zhan, Liyu Huang, Haiyong Ma, Huan Chen, Yuan Yang, Sheng Tan, Wendy Song, Weiguo Zhao, Xiaojiang Dai
Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective strategy in treating severe obesity and its comorbidities, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the mechanism through which bariatric surgery mediates its benefits is not completely understood. Since obesity and T2D represent yet another inflammatory disease, and follicular helper T (Tfh) cells play important roles in inflammatory disorders, we investigated whether the Tfh activity was altered after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), one of the most common bariatric surgery procedures...
February 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222178/effect-of-meal-composition-on-postprandial-lipid-concentrations-and-lipoprotein-particle-numbers-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#9
Meena Shah, Manall Jaffery, Beverley Adams-Huet, Brian Franklin, Jonathan Oliver, Joel Mitchell
BACKGROUND: It is unclear how high-protein (HP) and high-monounsaturated fat (HMF) meals affect postprandial blood lipids and lipoprotein particle numbers (LPN). PURPOSE: To compare a HP versus a HMF meal on postprandial lipid and LPN responses. METHODS: Twenty-four participants (age: 36.3±15.0 years; body mass index: 23.6±2.0 kg/m2; 45.8% female) were fed a HP (31.9% energy from protein) and a HMF (35.2% fat and 20.7% monounsaturated fat) meal in a randomized cross-over trial design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222165/stress-increases-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-onset-in-women-a-12-year-longitudinal-study-using-causal-modelling
#10
Melissa L Harris, Christopher Oldmeadow, Alexis Hure, Judy Luu, Deborah Loxton, John Attia
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Modifiable risk factors have been found to contribute up to 60% of type 2 diabetes risk. However, type 2 diabetes continues to rise despite implementation of interventions based on traditional risk factors. There is a clear need to identify additional risk factors for chronic disease prevention. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived stress and type 2 diabetes onset, and partition the estimates into direct and indirect effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222036/vascular-risk-factors-are-associated-with-retinal-arteriolar-narrowing-and-venular-widening-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Stuart Keel, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Konstandina Koklanis, Meri Vukicevic, Fergus Cameron, Laima Brazionis
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the relationship of retinal arteriolar and venular calibre with vascular risk factors in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In this hospital-based cross-sectional study, the medical files of 483 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes were audited to collect retinal images and relevant clinical data. Retinal vascular calibre was measured using standardised protocols. RESULTS: After multivariable adjustments, a vascular risk profile that included: older age, higher serum creatinine, higher systolic blood pressure (SBP), higher body mass index (BMI), abnormal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), lower high-density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol, longer duration of diabetes and higher serum sodium was associated with narrower central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE) (95% CI=-4...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222035/nutritional-status-and-metabolic-profile-in-neurologically-impaired-pediatric-surgical-patients
#12
Gloria Pelizzo, Valeria Calcaterra, Veronica Carlini, Mario Fusillo, Matteo Manuelli, Catherine Klersy, Noemi Pasqua, Elona Luka, Riccardo Albertini, Mara De Amici, Hellas Cena
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is reported in pediatric neuromotor disability and impacts the child's health. We described the nutritional and metabolic status in neurologically impaired (NI) children undergoing surgery. METHODS: Anthropometry, body composition, hormonal and nutritional evaluations were performed in 44 NI subjects (13.7±8.0 years). Energy needs were calculated by Krick's formula. Metabolic syndrome (MS) was defined applying the following criteria (≥3 defined MS): fasting blood glucose >100 mg/dL and/or homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) >97...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222031/a-retrospective-analysis-of-longitudinal-changes-in-bone-mineral-content-in-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Adela Chirita-Emandi, Sheila Shepherd, Andreas Kyriakou, Jane D McNeilly, Carol Dryden, Donna Corrigan, Anne Devenny, Syed Faisal Ahmed
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the longitudinal changes in bone mineral content and influencing factors, in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: One hundred children (50 females) had dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) performed. Of these, 48 and 24 children had two to three scans, respectively over 10 years of follow-up. DXA data were expressed as lumbar spine bone mineral content standard deviation score (LSBMCSDS) adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity and bone area...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222015/plasma-levels-of-endothelin-1-and-renal-function-among-young-and-healthy-adults
#14
Andreas Fischer, Matthias Bossard, Stefanie Aeschbacher, Peter Egli, Carolin Cordewener, Joel Estis, John Todd, Martin Risch, Lorenz Risch, David Conen
BACKGROUND: Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a vasoconstrictive and pro-inflammatory peptide, is associated with several cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes. We aimed to investigate the association of plasma ET-1 levels and renal function among young and healthy adults. METHODS: Individuals aged 25-41 years were enrolled in a population-based cohort study. Main exclusion criteria were established kidney disease, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and a body mass index>35 kg/m2...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221266/body-mass-index-and-the-association-with-vaso-occlusive-crises-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#15
Andrea Zivot, Nataly Apollonsky, Edward Gracely, Deepti Raybagkar
BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) historically have been underweight and have poor overall growth. Recent studies have demonstrated a trend toward obesity in pediatric SCD populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through retrospective chart review of patients with SCD followed at our center, we collected patient's data, including body mass index (BMI), weight percentiles, sickle cell genotype, baseline hemoglobin, medical and psychiatric comorbidities, 25-hydroxy vitamin D level, treatment with hydroxyurea, and chronic transfusions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220844/waist-to-height-ratio-is-an-effective-indicator-for-comprehensive-cardiovascular-health
#16
Shiwei Shen, Yun Lu, Huajin Qi, Feng Li, Zhenhai Shen, Liuxin Wu, Chengjian Yang, Ling Wang, Kedong Shui, Weifeng Yao, Dongchang Qiang, Jingting Yun, Lin Zhou
The aim of this study was to determine the associations between cardiovascular health and the waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). A cross-sectional study was performed recruiting 26701 middle-aged Chinese men. Of the seven ideal cardiovascular health metrics, body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol (TC), blood pressure (BP), and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were found to increase with an elevation of the mean WC and WHtR. The mean WC and WHtR were significantly lower in the subjects with intermediate or ideal cardiovascular health than those with poor or intermediate health...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220767/asthma-control-in-adult-patients-treated-with-a-combination-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-and-long-acting-beta-2-agonists-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Barbara Rogala, Paweł Majak, Joanna Glück, Tomasz Dębowski
INTRODUCTION    Asthma is a highly prevalent disease that often requires maintenance therapy. Combined inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting beta-2 agonist (ICS/LABA) inhalers are one of the available maintenance treatment options.  OBJECTIVES    This prospective observational study aimed to assess asthma control in patients treated with ICS/LABA inhalers and to identify factors related to controlled asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS    A total of 5789 asthma sufferers from Poland were enrolled in a prospective, observational study and treated with one of the following combined ICS/LABA inhalers at clinically appropriate doses: beclomethasone/formoterol, fluticasone/salmeterol, or budesonide/formoterol...
January 18, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220739/the-spectrum-of-gastric-cancer-as-seen-in-a-large-quaternary-hospital-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#18
F Benamro, B Sartorius, D L Clarke, F Anderson, E Loots, L Olinger
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world, with the third-highest associated mortality. It has a varying geographical, ethnic and socioeconomic distribution. OBJECTIVE: To assess the presentation and management of GC in the Durban metropolitan area, South Africa. METHODS: A retrospective review of 131 patients treated at the quaternary Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital in Durban from 2009 to 2014 was performed...
January 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220621/a-low-prevalence-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-is-associated-to-decreased-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Enric Serra-Planas, Eva Aguilera, Laura Castro, Raúl Rodríguez, Isabel Salinas, Anna Lucas, Clara Joaquín, Rocio Puig, Dídac Mauricio, Manel Puig-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been proposed as an independent cardiovascular risk factor. This study evaluated the prevalence of NAFLD in a cohort of Type 1 Diabetic (T1D) patients and its potential relationship with subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Cross-sectional study in which 100 T1D patients (39.4 ± 7.8 years, 54% male, all Caucasian, disease duration 21.7 ± 8.6 years, HbA1c 8.1 ± 1.0 % (64.2 ± 7...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220604/a-mobile-health-intervention-promoting-healthy-gestational-weight-gain-for-women-entering-pregnancy-at-a-high-body-mass-index-the-txt4two-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
J C Willcox, S A Wilkinson, M Lappas, K Ball, D Crawford, E A McCarthy, B Fjeldsoe, R Whittaker, R Maddison, K J Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth intervention promoting healthy diet, physical activity and gestational weight gain in pregnant women. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Australian tertiary obstetric hospital. POPULATION: One hundred pregnant women who were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy. METHODS: Women recruited at the first antenatal clinic visit were randomised to either an intervention or a control group...
February 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
keyword
keyword
68631
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"