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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817868/re-body-mass-index-and-age-are-predictors-for-symptom-improvement-after-high-power-laser-vaporization-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#1
Steven A Kaplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817837/influence-of-dietary-insulin-scores-on-survival-in-colorectal-cancer-patients
#2
Chen Yuan, Ying Bao, Kaori Sato, Katharina Nimptsch, Mingyang Song, Jennie C Brand-Miller, Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Emilie S Zoltick, NaNa Keum, Brian M Wolpin, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Andrew T Chan, Walter C Willett, Meir J Stampfer, Kana Wu, Edward L Giovannucci, Charles S Fuchs, Kimmie Ng
BACKGROUND: Although hyperinsulinemia is hypothesised to be involved in colorectal carcinogenesis, it remains unclear whether a diet inducing an elevated insulin response influences colorectal cancer (CRC) survival. METHODS: We examined the association of post-diagnosis dietary insulin scores with survival among 2006 patients from two large prospective cohorts who were diagnosed with CRC from 1976 to 2010. Dietary insulin load was calculated as a function of the food insulin index...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817836/sitting-physical-activity-and-serum-oestrogen-metabolism-in-postmenopausal-women-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#3
Hannah Oh, Hannah Arem, Charles E Matthews, Nicolas Wentzensen, Kerryn W Reding, Louise A Brinton, Garnet L Anderson, Sally B Coburn, Jane A Cauley, Chu Chen, Deborah Goodman, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Roni T Falk, Xia Xu, Britton Trabert
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting and lower levels of physical activity have been associated with increased levels of parent oestrogens (oestrone and oestradiol), the key hormones in female cancers, in postmenopausal women. However, it is unknown whether sitting and physical activity are associated with circulating oestrogen metabolite levels. METHODS: Among 1804 postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, 15 serum oestrogens/oestrogen metabolites were quantified using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817822/predictors-of-postoperative-non-chylous-massive-discharge-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#4
Kyoji Ito, Yoshikuni Kawaguchi, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Junichi Arita, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is performed for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) located at the pancreas head/body. Non-chylous massive discharge after PD is frequently encountered and can cause a vicious cycle of complications associated with severe dehydration and protein loss. METHODS: From August 2008 to June 2015, 102 patients who underwent PD for PDA were retrospectively reviewed. High non-chylous discharge was defined as postoperative daily serous discharge exceeding 10 mL/kg...
August 18, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817790/maximum-lifetime-body-mass-index-and-mortality-in-mexican-american-adults-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-iii-1988-1994-and-nhanes-1999-2010
#5
Carrie R Howell, Kevin Fontaine, Keisuke Ejima, Kirsten K Ness, Andrea Cherrington, Tapan Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Studies in US Hispanic adults indicate no deleterious association between obesity and death. We tested the hypothesis that accounting for weight history would provide more insight into this nonassociation. METHODS: We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine associations between maximum lifetime body mass index (BMI) and all-cause and cause-specific mortality among US-residing Mexican American adults. BMI was classified as underweight (<18...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817738/compliance-with-supportive-periodontal-treatment-in-patients-with-dental-implants
#6
Kai-Fang Hu, Ying-Chu Lin, Kun-Yen Ho, Yu-Hsiang Chou
PURPOSE: The need for dental implants is increasing, and supportive periodontal treatment can achieve long-term success and prevent peri-implantitis. Contributing factors to noncompliance with long-term scheduled supportive periodontal treatment remain unclear. To investigate whether demographic and clinical characteristics are associated with noncompliance, the authors analyzed data for patients who had received dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors recruited patients participating in a supportive periodontal treatment program after receiving permanent prostheses on implants placed from 2005 to 2013...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817606/distribution-and-associations-of-intraocular-pressure-in-7-and-12-year-old-chinese-children-the-anyang-childhood-eye-study
#7
Shuning Li, Shi-Ming Li, Xiao-Lei Wang, Meng-Tian Kang, Luo-Ru Liu, He Li, Shi-Fei Wei, An-Ran Ran, Siyan Zhan, Ravi Thomas, Ningli Wang
PURPOSE: To report the intraocular pressure (IOP) and its association with myopia and other factors in 7 and 12-year-old Chinese children. METHODS: All children participating in the Anyang Childhood Eye Study underwent non-contact tonometry as well as measurement of central corneal thickness (CCT), axial length, cycloplegic auto-refraction, blood pressure, height and weight. A questionnaire was used to collect other relevant information. Univariable and multivariable analysis were performed to determine the associations of IOP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817540/association-of-olfactory-function-with-the-intensity-of-self-reported-physical-activity-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
Bogusz Falkowski, Maciej Chudziński, Ewa Jakubowska, Anna Duda-Sobczak
INTRODUCTION    Olfactory function is impaired in patients with type 1 diabetes and can be recognized as a form of diabetic neuropathy. Physical activity has various beneficial effects on type 1 diabetes. OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess a relation between physical activity and olfactory function in patients with type 1 diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS    We enrolled 120 patients with type 1 diabetes referred to an outpatient diabetes clinic. Patients with diabetes duration of less than 5 years, age above 65 years, concomitant diabetic ketoacidosis, and those using drugs affecting nasal mucosa were excluded...
August 9, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817365/effect-of-flibanserin-treatment-on-body-weight-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-with-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-a-post-hoc-analysis
#9
Susan G Kornstein, James A Simon, Stuart C Apfel, James Yuan, Krista A Barbour, Robert Kissling
BACKGROUND: Flibanserin, a 5-HT1A agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist, is indicated for the treatment of acquired, generalized hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. This post hoc analysis evaluated the effect of flibanserin treatment on body weight in premenopausal and postmenopausal women with HSDD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analysis included three 24-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies of flibanserin 100 mg each bedtime (qhs) in premenopausal women, a similarly designed study in postmenopausal women, and a 52-week, open-label extension study in premenopausal women...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817363/linking-positive-affect-to-blood-lipids-a-cultural-perspective
#10
Jiah Yoo, Yuri Miyamoto, Attilio Rigotti, Carol D Ryff
Higher levels of positive affect have been associated with better physical health. While positive affect is seen as highly desirable among Westerners, East Asians tend to deemphasize positive affect. Using large probability samples of Japanese and U.S. adult populations, the present study examined the relations of positive affect with serum lipid profiles, known to be strongly predictive of risk for cardiovascular disease, and tested whether their associations depend on cultural contexts. As predicted, positive affect was associated with healthier lipid profiles for Americans but not for Japanese...
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817334/community-health-worker-support-for-disadvantaged-patients-with-multiple-chronic-diseases-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Shreya Kangovi, Nandita Mitra, David Grande, Hairong Huo, Robyn A Smith, Judith A Long
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a community health worker (CHW) intervention improved outcomes in a low-income population with multiple chronic conditions. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized clinical trial in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (2013-2014). Participants (n = 302) were high-poverty neighborhood residents, uninsured or publicly insured, and diagnosed with 2 or more chronic diseases (diabetes, obesity, tobacco dependence, hypertension). All patients set a disease-management goal...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817321/community-health-worker-impact-on-chronic-disease-outcomes-within-primary-care-examined-using-electronic-health-records
#12
Maia Ingram, Kevin Doubleday, Melanie L Bell, Abby Lohr, Lucy Murrieta, Maria Velasco, John Blackburn, Samantha Sabo, Jill Guernsey de Zapien, Scott C Carvajal
OBJECTIVES: To investigate community health worker (CHW) effects on chronic disease outcomes using electronic health records (EHRs). METHODS: We examined EHRs of 32 147 patients at risk for chronic disease during 2012 to 2015. Variables included contact with clinic-based CHWs, vitals, and laboratory tests. We estimated a mixed model for all outcomes. RESULTS: Within-group findings showed statistically significant improvements in chronic disease indicators after exposure to CHWs...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817309/weight-height-and-body-mass-index-in-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-treated-with-methylphenidate
#13
Azucena Díez-Suárez, María Vallejo-Valdivielso, Juan J Marín-Méndez, Pilar de Castro-Manglano, César A Soutullo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methylphenidate (MPH) effects on weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) in a Spanish sample diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Patients (6-18 years) diagnosed with ADHD treated at our Unit with MPH in the last 10 years were included in an observational longitudinal study. Weight, height, and BMI Z scores were measured at baseline and at last follow-up. RESULTS: Three hundred forty-two patients (mean [standard deviation] age: 10...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817218/bmi-nephroangiosclerosis-and-glomerulonephritis-is-there-any-meeting-point
#14
Antonietta Gigante, Konstantinos Giannakakis, Francesca Di Mario, Biagio Barbano, Edoardo Rosato, Riccardo Pofi, Marcello Di Paolo, Anna Rachele Rocca, Rosario Cianci
BACKGROUND: Overweight has been related to renal arteriolosclerosis and is able to modify intrarenal hemodynamics. Increasing evidences suggest an association between weight excess and primary glomerulonephritis (GN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between nutritional status and intrarenal arterial stiffness in primary GN associated to arteriolosclerosis. We have considered the glomerular diameter (GD) as morphological parameter in overweight and obese patients...
August 17, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817167/body-mass-index-50-kg-m2-and-beyond-perioperative-care-of-pregnant-women-with-superobesity-undergoing-cesarean-delivery
#15
Marcela Carolina Smid, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Robert M Silver, Jeffrey A Kuller
Importance: Superobesity, defined as body mass index 50 kg/m(2) or greater, is the fastest-growing obesity group in the United States. Currently, 2% of pregnant women in the United States are superobese, and 50% will deliver via cesarean delivery. Objective: To review evidence of perioperative care during cesarean delivery among superobese women. Evidence Acquisition: We performed an evidence-based review of maternal and neonatal risks of cesarean delivery and of intraoperative management and immediate postpartum care of superobese pregnant women...
August 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816975/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-posterior-cage-migration-following-decompression-and-instrumented-fusion-for-degenerative-lumbar-disorders
#16
Hua Li, Hui Wang, Yanbo Zhu, Wenyuan Ding, Qian Wang
The aim of this study was to explore the incidence and risk factors for posterior cage migration (PCM) following decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disorders, and hope to provide references in decision making and surgical planning for spine surgeons.By retrieving the medical records from January 2011 to December 2015, 286 patients were retrospectively reviewed. According to the occurrence of PCM, patients were divided into 2 groups: PCM group and non-PCM (N-PCM). To investigate risk values for PCM, 3 categorized factors were analyzed statistically: patient characteristics: age, sex, body mass index, bone mineral density, duration of disease, diagnosis, comorbidity, smoke; surgical variables: surgery time, blood loss, surgical strategy, cage morphology, cage size, surgical segment, fusion number, source of bone graft, surgeon experience; radiographic parameters: preoperative lumbar lordosis, correction of lumbar lordosis, preoperative lumbar mobility, preoperative intervertebral height, change of intervertebral height, Modic changes, paraspinal muscle degeneration...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816946/prognostic-factors-of-clinical-endpoints-in-elderly-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-during-a-2-year-follow-up-in-china-an-observational-cohort-study
#17
Hao Wang, Hai-Jun Wang, Ya-Dong Chen, Tao Tao, Yu-Tao Guo, Xiao-Ning Zhao, Hong-Bin Liu, Yu-Tang Wang
This study aimed to reveal the incidence of clinical endpoints in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) during a 2-year follow-up and evaluate the related prognostic factors of these endpoints.In total, 200 elderly patients with AF and 400 age- and sex-matched patients without AF were enrolled in this prospective observational cohort study. The incidence of clinical endpoints, including thromboembolism, hemorrhage, and all-cause death, during the 2-year follow-up was analyzed. Other follow-up data, including disease history, laboratory examinations, medication status, and other clinical endpoints, were collected...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816926/feasibility-and-relevance-of-antipsychotic-safety-monitoring-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#18
Tamara Pringsheim, Josephine Ho, Justyna R Sarna, Tracy Hammer, Scott Patten
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are efficacious for tics and are increasingly prescribed to children with behavioral disorders. Antipsychotics have important adverse effects, and systematic monitoring of drug safety is infrequently performed. The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of antipsychotic safety monitoring in children with Tourette Syndrome using a defined protocol and to evaluate the risk of adverse effects with chronic use. METHODS/PROCEDURES: A prospective longitudinal study of children prescribed antipsychotics was performed...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816897/surgical-correction-of-cam-deformity-in-association-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-and-its-impact-on-the-degenerative-process-within-the-hip-joint
#19
Paul E Beaulé, Andrew D Speirs, Helen Anwander, Gerd Melkus, Kawan Rakhra, Hanspeter Frei, Mario Lamontagne
BACKGROUND: Cam morphology in association with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a recognized cause of hip pain and cartilage damage and proposed as a leading cause of arthritis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the functional and biomechanical effects of the surgical correction of the cam deformity on the degenerative process associated with FAI. METHODS: Ten male patients with a mean age of 34.3 years (range, 23.1 to 46.5 years) and a mean body mass index (and standard deviation) of 26...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816896/factors-associated-with-adverse-events-in-inpatient-elective-spine-knee-and-hip-orthopaedic-surgery
#20
Dov B Millstone, Anthony V Perruccio, Elizabeth M Badley, Y Raja Rampersaud
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic procedures for degenerative musculoskeletal conditions (predominantly osteoarthritis and spinal stenosis) represent an increasing burden on the health-care system. These procedures are also associated with adverse event rates and related cost. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for adverse events associated with orthopaedic surgeries as captured within a common clinical point-of-care system for documenting adverse events (Orthopaedic Surgical AdVerse Events Severity [OrthoSAVES] system)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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