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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340516/markers-of-dietary-protein-intake-are-associated-with-successful-weight-loss-in-the-pounds-lost-trial
#1
G A Bray, D H Ryan, W Johnson, C M Champagne, C M Johnson, J Rood, D A Williamson, F M Sacks
To assess the association of markers for dietary protein intake, measures of dietary adherence and demographic variables with weight loss in the POUNDS Lost study over the first 6 months and again between 6 and 24 months using data from those who completed each period. This is a secondary analysis of pooled data on completers assigned to one of four diets: 65%C/15%P/20%F (AP/LF), 55%C/25%P/20%F (HP/LF), 45%C/15%P/40%F (AP/HF) or 35%C/25%P40%F (HP/HF) in the POUNDS Lost study. Urinary nitrogen excretion, dietary adherence measured by 24-h recall and attendance at sessions, age (above and below 50 years), gender, race/ethnicity and activity by pedometry were analysed...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340515/inflammatory-potential-of-diet-and-risk-of-oral-and-pharyngeal-cancer-in-a-large-case-control-study-from-italy
#2
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Valentina Rosato, Werner Garavello, Diego Serraino, Carlo La Vecchia
Diet and inflammation have been suggested to be important risk factors for oral and pharyngeal cancer. We examined the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and oral and pharyngeal cancer in a large case-control study conducted between 1992 and 2009 in Italy. This study included 946 cases with incident, histologically confirmed oral and pharyngeal cancer, and 2492 controls hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases. The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed by a valid 78-item food frequency questionnaire and was adjusted for non-alcohol energy intake using the residual approach (E-DII)...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340246/considerations-on-glycaemic-control-in-older-and-or-frail-individuals-with-diabetes-and-advanced-kidney-disease
#3
Nicolae Mircea Panduru, Ionut Nistor, Per-Henrik Groop, Wim Van Biesen, Ken Farrington, Adrian Covic
The increasing prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes over the last decade has resulted in increasing numbers of frail older patients with a combination of these conditions. Current treatment guidelines may not necessarily be relevant for such patients, who are mostly excluded from the trials upon which these recommendations are based. There is a paucity of data upon which to base the management of older patients with CKD. Nearly all current guidelines recommend less-tight glycaemic control for the older population, citing the lack of proven medium-term benefits and concerns about the high short-term risk of hypoglycaemia...
March 13, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340156/the-impact-of-multicomponent-weight-management-interventions-on-self-esteem-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Margaret Murray, Aimee L Dordevic, Maxine P Bonham
 Building self-esteem in overweight adolescents is key to long-term weight management; yet, self-esteem is rarely a key outcome of adolescent weight management interventions. This systematic review investigates the impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on self-esteem in overweight and obese adolescents.  Six databases were searched in December 2014. Eligible studies met the following criteria: (1) randomized controlled trial, (2) overweight or obese participants, (3) adolescents (10-19 years), (4) multicomponent weight management intervention, (5) reported self-esteem and weight changes...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340152/sarcopenia-and-relationships-between-muscle-mass-measured-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-3-5
#5
Yunan Zhou, Matthias Hellberg, Philippa Svensson, Peter Höglund, Naomi Clyne
Background.: Sarcopenia and poor physical function are common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to investigate the relationships between muscle mass and measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and between muscle mass and strength and balance, respectively, in patients with CKD stages 3-5. Methods.: This is a baseline data analysis of a randomized controlled clinical trial. A total of 148 adult patients with an estimated GFR <30 mL/min/1...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340132/the-impact-of-weight-and-weight-related-perceptions-on-smoking-status-among-young-adults-in-a-text-messaging-cessation-program
#6
Kisha I Coa, Erik Augustson, Annette Kaufman
Introduction: Weight gain and concerns about weight can influence a smoker's ability to successfully quit, and young adults are a subgroup of smokers who are particularly concerned about the impact of quitting on their body weight. This study explored the associations between body mass index (BMI), weight perceptions, and smoking status among young adults. Methods: The sample consisted of 4,027 young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 who participated in a randomized control trial of the National Cancer Institute's SmokefreeTXT program...
March 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340039/infant-birth-outcomes-are-associated-with-dna-damage-biomarkers-as-measured-by-the-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-cytome-assay-the-dadhi-study
#7
Mansi Dass Singh, Philip Thomas, Maryam Hor, Theodora Almond, Julie Owens, William Hague, Michael Fenech
Accumulation of DNA damage in the first 1000 days may increase risk of accelerated ageing and degenerative diseases in adult life such as cancers. The extent of DNA damage in infants and the correlation of maternal factors during pregnancy with neonate birth outcomes and DNA damage is not known in infants born in Australia. Therefore, we performed a prospective cohort study to collect data on DNA damage in lymphocytes of Australian infants (aged 0, 3 and 6 months), using the cytokinesis block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay...
March 3, 2017: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340012/assessment-of-muscle-mass-relative-to-fat-mass-and-associations-with-physical-functioning-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Joshua F Baker, Jon T Giles, David Weber, Mary B Leonard, Babette S Zemel, Jin Long, Said Ibrahim, Patricia P Katz
Objectives.: To determine whether a novel measure of appendicular lean mass relative to fat mass is associated with physical functioning in RA. Methods.: In a cross-sectional design, three independent RA cohorts were retrospectively analysed. Whole-body DXA measures of appendicular lean mass index (ALMI, kg/m 2 ) and fat mass index (FMI, kg/m 2 ) were converted to age, sex and race-specific Z-scores using published National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reference ranges...
February 28, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340004/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-validation-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-for-the-assessment-of-body-composition-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#9
Moon J Spanjer, Irene E M Bultink, Marian A E de van der Schueren, Alexandre E Voskuyl
Objectives.: The aims were to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and to validate bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) against whole-body DXA for the assessment of body composition in patients with SSc. Methods.: Malnutrition was defined as BMI <18.5 kg/m 2 or unintentional weight loss >10% in combination with a fat-free mass index (FFMI) <15 kg/m 2 for women or <17 kg/m 2 for men or BMI <20.0 kg/m 2 (age <70 years) or <22 kg/m 2 (age >70 years)...
March 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339804/intra-cardiac-and-peripheral-levels-of-biochemical-markers-of-fibrosis-in-patients-undergoing-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Gordon A Begg, Rashed Karim, Tobias Oesterlein, Lee N Graham, Andrew J Hogarth, Stephen P Page, Christopher B Pepper, Kawal Rhode, Gregory Y H Lip, Arun V Holden, Sven Plein, Muzahir H Tayebjee
Aims: Measurement of circulating biomarkers of fibrosis may have a role in selecting patients and treatment strategy for catheter ablation. Pro-collagen type III N-terminal pro-peptide (PIIINP), C-telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP), fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23), and galectin 3 (gal-3) have all been suggested as possible biomarkers for this indication, but studies assessing whether peripheral levels reflect intra-cardiac levels are scarce. Methods and results: We studied 93 patients undergoing ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) (n = 63) or non-paroxysmal AF (n = 30)...
February 27, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339647/detection-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-ribonucleic-acid-in-the-peritoneal-effluent-of-renal-failure-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy
#11
Kwazi C Z Ndlovu, Wilbert Sibanda, Alain Assounga
Background.: We evaluated the shedding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 particles into continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) effluents of HIV-positive patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods.: A total of 58 HIV-positive patients with ESRD on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) who had Tenckhoff catheters inserted between September 2012 and February 2015 were prospectively reviewed and followed for 18 months. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) effluent samples from functioning CAPD catheters and plasma samples were obtained at three points during regular clinic visits on days 45 ± 37, 200 ± 19 and 377 ± 13 after catheter insertion...
February 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339514/social-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-in-ukraine-in-2007-the-role-of-psychosocial-material-and-behavioural-factors
#12
Loretta G Platts, Christopher J Gerry
Despite Ukraine's large population, few studies have examined social inequalities in health. This study describes Ukrainian educational inequalities in self-rated health and assesses how far psychosocial, material and behavioural factors account for the education gradient in health. Data were analyzed from the 2007 wave of the Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. Education was categorized as: lower secondary or less, upper secondary and tertiary. In logistic regressions of 5451 complete cases, stratified by gender, declaring less than average health was regressed on education, before and after adjusting for psychosocial, material and behavioural factors...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339429/comparing-the-efficacy-of-surgery-and-medical-therapy-for-pain-management-in-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Shahla Chaichian, Ali Kabir, Adolfazl Mehdizadehkashi, Khaled Rahmani, Mehrdad Moghimi, Bahram Moazzami
BACKGROUND: Pain is considered as one of the main symptoms of endometriosis. The treatment for endometriosis remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of medical or surgical treatments for pain-relief in patients with endometriosis. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Published papers about evaluating pain treatment in endometriosis in PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339345/alanine-aminotransferase-is-a-marker-of-lipotoxicity-consequences-and-hyperandrogenemia-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#14
Matea Belan, Chloé Pelletier, Jean-Patrice Baillargeon
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported higher levels of Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared with control subjects. Plasma ALT levels are considered a marker of hepatic lipotoxicity because of their significant associations with different hepatic metabolic dysfunctions, such as hepatic steatosis and hepatic insulin resistance. METHODS: Retrospective chart review aiming to assess, in PCOS women, the relationship between ALT levels and measures of lipotoxicity consequences that are available clinically, both during fasting and using the oral glucose tolerance test...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339344/correlation-of-leptin-adiponectin-and-resistin-levels-in-different-types-of-lipodystrophy-in-hiv-aids-patients
#15
Danica Srdic, Al Musalhi Khawla, Ivan Soldatovic, Jelena Nikolic, Djordje Jevtovic, Devaki Nair, Gordana Dragovic
BACKGROUND: Leptin, adiponectin, and resistin may play an important role in the development of lipodystrophy (LD) in HIV/AIDS patients. The aim of this study was to correlate levels of leptin, adiponectin, and resistin between HIV/AIDS patients with LD and without lipodystrophy (non-LD), as well as between subgroups of LD [lipoatrophy (LA), lipohypertrophy (LH), and mixed fat redistribution (MFR)] and non-LD patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 66 HIV/AIDS patients...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339343/alterations-in-multiple-lifestyle-factors-in-subjects-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-independently-of-obesity
#16
Vendela Roos, Sölve Elmståhl, Erik Ingelsson, Johan Sundström, Johan Ärnlöv, Lars Lind
BACKGROUND: Many lifestyle factors have been associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, most of these studies have not considered the potential impact of obesity and have often only investigated one lifestyle factor at the time. We aimed to investigate the interplay between body mass index (BMI) and MetS with respect to multiple lifestyle factors. METHODS: BMI and MetS [National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)/Adult Treatment Panel III criteria] were assessed in a sample of 18,880 subjects aged 45-75 years from the population-based EpiHealth study...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339342/change-in-body-weight-from-age-20-years-is-a-powerful-determinant-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#17
Lars Lind, Sölve Elmståhl, Johan Ärnlöv
BACKGROUND: Higher body weight is a well-known determinant of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. It is however less well studied how the change in weight from age 20 years to middle age or old age affects MetS development. METHODS: In the community-based EpiHealth (n = 19,000, age range 45 to 75 years, 56% females) and PIVUS (n = 1000, all aged 70 years, 50% females) studies, the participants were asked about their body weight at age 20 years...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339315/identification-of-asymptomatic-prosthetic-joint-infection-microbiologic-and-operative-treatment-outcomes
#18
Przemysław L Bereza, Alicja Ekiel, Aleksandra Auguściak-Duma, Małgorzata Aptekorz, Iwona Wilk, Piotr Wojciechowski, Damian J Kusz, Gayane Martirosian
BACKGROUND: This prospective study investigated the role of mechanical and biological factors in aseptic implant loosening or presumed silent prosthetic joint infection (PJI). METHODS: Thirty-seven patients were investigated. Microbiologic and molecular methods were used to detect bacteria on the surface of the failed implants removed during revision arthroplasty. Histopathologic analysis was performed. The influence of body mass index (BMI) and various co-morbidities on implant failure also was determined...
March 24, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339282/melatonin-for-reducing-weight-gain-following-administration-of-atypical-antipsychotic-olanzapine-for-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Mahmoud Solhi, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate melatonin effectiveness in weight gain reduction following olanzapine use for 11-17-year-old bipolar disorder patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Seventy-seven adolescent outpatients, subsequent to their initial diagnosis of bipolar I disorder by a psychiatrist, entered this study. After assessing inclusion and exclusion criteria, 48 patients consented to participate. Twenty-four patients were allocated to receive olanzapine, lithium carbonate, and melatonin, and 24 patients were allocated to receive olanzapine, lithium carbonate, and placebo by simple randomization...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335527/metabolic-disorder-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-patients-towards-a-personalized-approach-using-marine-drug-derivatives
#20
REVIEW
Palma Lamonaca, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisiliaou, Vittorio Cardaci, Massimo Fini, Patrizia Russo
Metabolic disorder has been frequently observed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. However, the exact correlation between obesity, which is a complex metabolic disorder, and COPD remains controversial. The current study summarizes a variety of drugs from marine sources that have anti-obesity effects and proposed potential mechanisms by which lung function can be modulated with the anti-obesity activity. Considering the similar mechanism, such as inflammation, shared between obesity and COPD, the study suggests that marine derivatives that act on the adipose tissues to reduce inflammation may provide beneficial therapeutic effects in COPD subjects with high body mass index (BMI)...
March 20, 2017: Marine Drugs
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