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Intracranial hemangioma and neonate

Elsa Haine, Annick Sevely, Sergio Boetto, Marie-Bernadette Delisle, Claude Cances
A 21-day-old male infant was admitted with signs of intracranial hypertension. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a voluminous mass in the posterior fossa with an intense peripheral enhancement on T1 images with gadolinium. The child was treated secondarily by surgical decompression of the posterior fossa and the lesion was biopsied. The pathological findings indicated infantile hemangioma. Treatment with oral prednisolone was initiated at 3 months, given the lack of tumor involution. Six months after corticotherapy was stopped, repeated MRIs indicated a significant reduction in tumor size and then complete disappearance...
October 2017: Neuropediatrics
Sumedh S Shah, Brian M Snelling, Samir Sur, Alexandra R Ramnath, Emmalee S Bandstra, Dileep R Yavagal
Introduction Scalp congenital hemangiomas (CHs) are rare vascular malformations among infants; they can be associated with an array of complications, including cardiac and cosmetic issues. Here, we report the endovascular treatment of a premature infant with a suspected large right parietal scalp hemangioma and associated high-output cardiac failure. Case description A two-day-old female premature infant (29 weeks gestational age; 1330 g birth weight) was referred by the neonatologists to our department for consultation and potential treatment of a large right parietal CH causing abrupt hypotension and high-output cardiac failure...
February 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
Marcos Dalsin, Rafael Sodré Silva, Jennyfer Paula Galdino Chaves, Francine Hehn Oliveira, Ápio Cláudio Martins Antunes, Leonardo Modesti Vedolin
BACKGROUND: Congenital hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors, and the intracranial counterpart was described in very few cases. CASE DESCRIPTION: A newborn presented with an intracranial tumor associated with an arachnoid cyst, diagnosed by antenatal ultrasound at 37 weeks of gestation. Surgery was indicated due to increased head circumference and bulging fontanelle, and a complete resection of an extra-axial red-brown tumor was performed at the 3(rd) week of life...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Ibrahim Jalloh, Andrew F Dean, Dominic G O'Donovan, Justin Cross, Matthew R Garnett, Thomas Santarius
In this report we detail the case of an infant presenting with a giant intracranial congenital hemangioma and describe the clinical features and surgical management. Congenital hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors that typically present as skin lesions in neonates and infants. On rare occasions they present as intracranial tumors. The possibility that these tumors may undergo spontaneous regression poses a treatment dilemma.
June 2014: Acta Neurochirurgica
Turkan Patiroglu, Dilek Sarici, Ekrem Unal, Ali Yikilmaz, Bulent Tucer, Musa Karakukcu, Mehmet Akif Ozdemir, Ozlem Canoz, Mustafa Akcakus
INTRODUCTION: Hemangioblastomas (HBLs) comprise approximately 2% of all primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Although histological features of this rare tumor are generally benign, its outcome is often unfavorable due to high risk of recurrence and multifocal localization. HBLs can be detected as sporadic or associated with Von Hippel-Lindau disease. Diffuse neonatal hemangiomatosis (DNH) presents with multiple, progressive, rapidly growing cutaneous hemangiomas associated with widespread visceral hemangiomas in the liver, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, brain, and meninges...
October 2012: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Dinesh Yadav, Anu Maheshwari, Satinder Aneja, Anju Seth, Jagdish Chandra
Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP) is a life-threatening consumptive coagulopathy in the presence of a rapidly enlarging vascular tumor. It usually presents in early infancy, but onset in early neonatal period, facial hemangioma, and vincristine use in neonates has rarely been reported. We, hereby, present a 6-day-old male child presenting with facial hemangioma and intracranial hemorrhage, and KMP responding well to steroids and vincristine. Pathophysiology of disease and various treatment options have been discussed...
October 2011: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
Suhas Udayakumaran, Dimitrios Paraskevopoulos, Emanuela Cagnano, Jonathan Roth, Shlomi Constantini
INTRODUCTION: Cavernous angiomas (CA) are congenital intraparenchymal vascular malformations that contain sinusoidal spaces lined by a single-layer endothelium, separated by collagenous stroma with no intervening brain parenchyma. Despite the congenital origin of CA, they rarely present in the neonatal and prenatal period. In this paper, we present a case report of a neonatal suprasellar CA that presented with a bleed. We also present a literature review focusing on specific features of intracranial CA in the neonatal and fetal age groups...
February 2011: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Yung Yu Bun, Cheng Kin Ming, Chiu Hok Ming, Cheung Yuk Ling, Chan Chi Ming
INTRODUCTION: Over the years, patients presented with cerebrofacial vascular malformations which occurred in clusters. The syndromic presentation suggested angio-architectural abnormality, which started to develop during embryogenesis. The segmentation of the neural tube could provide a rational explanation for such a neuropathological phenomenon. Based on this theory, cerebrofacial arteriovenous metameric syndrome (CAMS) was derived. This describes clinical association between arteriovenous malformations of the face, retina, and brain...
March 2009: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
H Laurichesse Delmas, N Winer, D Gallot, K Lopes, F Perrotin, S Fluncker, F Geissler, A M Beaufrere, F Vendittelli, C Couture, D Lemery
OBJECTIVES: To describe and assess the sonographic findings, evolution and clinical implications of thrombosis of the fetal dural sinuses. METHODS: We compiled a multicenter report of the outcomes of five cases with a prenatal diagnosis of thrombosis of the dural sinuses, and one case in which thrombosis of the dural sinus was diagnosed at necroscopy after termination of pregnancy. Prognostic factors are discussed, and suggestions made for prenatal and postnatal management...
August 2008: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
A Bisdorff, J B Mulliken, J Carrico, R L Robertson, P E Burrows
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the nature, incidence, and radiologic appearance of intracranial vascular anomalies that occur in association with periorbital lymphatic malformation (LM) and lymphaticovenous malformation (LVM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical records and imaging studies of 33 patients ranging in age from the neonatal period to 39 years (mean age, 5.1 years; median age, 1.0 year) who were evaluated for orbital LM or LVM at our institution between 1953 and 2002...
February 2007: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Alessandro Ghidini, Anna Locatelli
BACKGROUND: Placental chorioangiomas are benign vascular tumors. Large chorioangiomas have been reported to cause several obstetric complications, including premature labor, placental abruption, polyhydramnios, fetal hydrops, fetal growth restriction, fetal hepatosplenomegaly, cardiomegaly, a congestive heart failure and fetal death. The clinical significance of small hemangiomas is less known. CASE: Multiple small placental hemangiomas occupied 70% of the total placental volume...
April 2006: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Y-C Chan, L F Eichenfield, J Malchiodi, S F Friedlander
We report two female infants with congenital midline supraumbilical raphes who subsequently developed haemangiomas on the lower lip and gingiva within the first 2 months of life. One was found to have a subglottic haemangioma during laryngoscopy. The infants were otherwise well and had normal chest X-ray, echocardiogram, cranial ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging/angiography (head, neck, chest) and ophthalmological examination. Both received oral prednisolone 1-2 mg kg(-1) daily and four sessions of flashlamp pulsed-dye laser therapy to the lip lesions, with significant improvement...
November 2005: British Journal of Dermatology
A Vachharajani, B Paes
UNLABELLED: This study describes the first reported case in a preterm infant of an orbital lymphangioma with non-contiguous cerebral arteriovenous malformation, manifesting with thrombocytopenia (Kasabach-Merritt syndrome) and intracerebral hemorrhage. CONCLUSION: Neonates presenting with orbital lymphangiomas should undergo radiological investigations of the lesion and a detailed cerebral evaluation for associated arteriovenous developmental anomalies.
2002: Acta Paediatrica
B Karmazyn, S Michovitz, L Sirota, T Drozd, G Horev
Cogenital intracranial hemangioma is rare, and the imaging findings have been described in very few cases. We describe a case of a huge congenital left parietal hemangioma that was diagnosed postnatally by head duplex ultrasonography. Complete surgical resection yielded an excellent outcome.
September 2001: Pediatric Radiology
J N Hsiang, H K Ng, R K Tsang, W S Poon
Dural-based cavernous angiomas are rare intracranial vascular lesions. Most of the reported cases are located in the middle cranial fossa, and those located outside the middle fossa are even more uncommon. Thus far, only 3 pediatric cases have been reported and all of them were found outside the middle fossa of a neonate. We would like to add the fourth pediatric case of a dural-based cavernous angioma located in the posterior fossa of a 5-year-old boy.
August 1996: Pediatric Neurosurgery
A B Haafiz, R Sharma, W J Faillace
Because of aberrant embryologic development, encephalocele, nasal dermoid, and glioma may present as a nasofrontal midline mass in a newborn infant. Though uncommon, vascular malformation or hemangioma in the nasofrontal region may present similarly. The correct diagnosis and early management of a nasofrontal mass is imperative because complications such as brain herniation, hypertelorism, or cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea may ensue, resulting in poor facial or visual development, recurrent meningitis, and brain abscess...
September 1995: Clinical Pediatrics
T D Shipp, B Bromley, B Benacerraf
Our objective was to determine the appearance, cause, and outcome of fetal face masses diagnosed antenatally by ultrasonography. Over a 6 year period, 10 consecutive fetuses with facial masses were identified. Ultrasonographic findings, neonatal pathologic findings, and outcome data were correlated. Four (40%) of the 10 fetuses died, including one with a palatal teratoma associated with a Dandy-Walker malformation and three with intracranial teratomas--one of which was associated with hydrops fetalis. Among the survivors, one fetus had a dacryocystocele that was managed conservatively and one had drainage of a salivary gland cyst...
September 1995: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
H Iwasa, I Indei, F Sato
A case of intraventricular cavernous hemangioma in a neonate is reported. In over 200 previously reported cases of intracranial cavernous hemangioma, 11 histologically verified cases have been collected and analyzed. The present case is the second occurring in a neonate.
July 1983: Journal of Neurosurgery
T L Slovis, L R Kuhns
Noninvasive, rapid evaluation of the neonate and young infants with reproducible results is feasible with real-time cranial sonography through the anterior fontanelle. Cerebral anatomy in coronal and sagittal planes is visualized, and the entire ventricular system and adjacent brain parenchyma are identified. This rapid (5-10 min) procedure can be done at/in the incubator making transport of sick neonates unnecessary, thus preserving their thermal stability. Images are recorded on videotape and "hard copy" is obtained afterward...
February 1981: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
J López-Herce Cid, R Escriba Polo, R Escudero Lou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1983: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
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