keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trails making

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330458/the-effects-of-an-extensive-exercise-programme-on-the-progression-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Kate E Devenney, Brian Lawlor, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Stefan Schneider
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions to prevent dementia and delay cognitive decline have gained considerable attention in recent years. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that regular physical activity targets brain function by increasing cognitive reserve. There is also evidence of structural changes caused by exercise in preventing or delaying the genesis of neurodegeneration. Although initial studies indicate enhanced cognitive performance in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) following an exercise intervention, little is known about the effect of an extensive, controlled and regular exercise regimen on the neuropathology of patients with MCI...
March 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325648/role-of-bromocriptine-in-multi-spectral-manifestations-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Sunil Munakomi, Binod Bhattarai, Bijoy Mohan Kumar
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence and cost of traumatic brain injury related disabilities, there is paucity in the literature on modern approaches to pharmacotherapy. Medications may promote recovery by enhancing some neurological functions without impacting others. Herein we discussed the role of bromocriptine in neurorehabilitation for patients with traumatic brain injury. METHODS: A cohort comprising of 36 selective nonsurgical cases of traumatic brain injury in minimally conscious state were enrolled in the study...
February 21, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325582/a-novel-framework-for-understanding-reduced-awareness-of-dyskinesias-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Sara Palermo, Leonardo Lopiano, Maurizio Zibetti, Rosalba Rosato, Daniela Leotta, Martina Amanzio
BACKGROUND: Although dyskinesias-reduced-self-awareness (DRSA) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is related to deficit in metacognition, other factors, such as "Theory of Mind" (ToM), could operate. METHODS: Forty-one PD patients were assessed using the Global Awareness of Movement Disorders (GAM) and the Dyskinesias Subtracted-Index (DS-I). To study whether GAM and DS-I scores could be influenced by second-type ToM or Reading the Mind in the Eyes (RME) tasks, we conducted two multiple logistic regression analyses...
March 16, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323682/relationship-of-cognitive-function-to-motor-symptoms-and-mood-disorders-in-patients-with-isolated-dystonia
#4
Jennifer A Foley, R Saman Vinke, Patricia Limousin, Lisa Cipolotti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of dystonia symptoms to cognitive function by comparing cognitive performance in patients with focal (cervical) and generalized dystonia subtypes and examining the differential contributions of severity of symptoms and mood disorders to cognition. BACKGROUND: Studies of the nonmotor syndrome in isolated dystonia have reported evidence of cognitive dysfunction, but the cause of this impairment remains unclear. Several studies have suggested that poor cognitive performance reflects the distracting effects of the motor symptoms and/or a mood disorder...
March 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323092/the-effect-of-deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-subthalamic-nucleus-on-executive-functions-impaired-verbal-fluency-and-intact-updating-planning-and-conflict-resolution-in-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Gyula Demeter, István Valálik, Péter Pajkossy, Agnes Szőllősi, Ágnes Lukács, Ferenc Kemény, Mihály Racsmány
Although the improvement of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) after Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is well documented, there are open questions regarding its impact on cognitive functions. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of bilateral DBS of the STN on executive functions in PD patients using a DBS wait-listed PD control group. Ten PD patients with DBS implantation (DBS group) and ten PD wait-listed patients (Clinical control group) participated in the study...
March 18, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320397/a-30-year-bibliometric-analysis-of-research-coverage-on-hiv-and-aids-in-lesotho
#6
REVIEW
Eltony Mugomeri, Bisrat S Bekele, Mamajoin Mafaesa, Charles Maibvise, Clemence Tarirai, Sunny E Aiyuk
BACKGROUND: Given the well documented undesired impacts of HIV/AIDS globally, there is a need to create a statistical inventory of research output on HIV/AIDS. This need is particularly important for a country such as Lesotho, whose HIV/AIDS prevalence is one of the highest globally. Research on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa continues to trail behind that of other regions, especially those of the developed countries. Lesotho, a sub-Saharan country, is a developing country with lower research output in this area when longitudinally compared to other countries...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318984/safety-and-efficacy-of-thrombectomy-in-acute-ischaemic-stroke-revascat-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomised-open-label-trial
#7
Antoni Dávalos, Erik Cobo, Carlos A Molina, Angel Chamorro, M Angeles de Miquel, Luis San Román, Joaquín Serena, Elena López-Cancio, Marc Ribó, Mónica Millán, Xabier Urra, Pere Cardona, Alejandro Tomasello, Carlos Castaño, Jordi Blasco, Lucía Aja, Marta Rubiera, Meritxell Gomis, Arturo Renú, Blanca Lara, Joan Martí-Fàbregas, Brian Jankowitz, Neus Cerdà, Tudor G Jovin
BACKGROUND: The REVASCAT trial and other studies have shown that the neurovascular thrombectomy improves outcomes at 90 days post stroke. However, whether the observed benefit is sustained in the long term remains unknown. We report the results of the prespecified 12-month analysis of the REVASCAT trial. METHODS: Patients with acute ischaemic stroke who could be treated within 8 h of symptom onset were randomly assigned to medical therapy (including intravenous alteplase when eligible) and neurovascular thrombectomy with Solitaire FR or medical therapy alone...
March 16, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317003/peri-operative-inflammatory-cytokines-in-plasma-of-the-elderly-correlate-in-prospective-study-with-postoperative-changes-in-cognitive-test-scores
#8
R Kline, E Wong, M Haile, S Didehvar, S Farber, A Sacks, E Pirraglia, M J de Leon, A Bekker
Increasingly, postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is recognized as a complication after surgery in the elderly; but it's etiology remains unclear. Here we examine changes in cytokine levels during both the pre-operative and postoperative period, comparing them with long term variation in cognitive test scores. Forty-one patients aged 65 and older undergoing major surgery with general anesthesia were recruited after written consent in this IRB approved study. Thirty went on to complete this prospective, non-interven-tional and non-randomized study...
August 2016: Int J Anesthesiol Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316129/cognitive-compensatory-processes-of-older-clinically-fit-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Yves Libert, Cindy Borghgraef, Yves Beguin, Nicole Delvaux, Martine Devos, Chantal Doyen, Stéphanie Dubruille, Anne-Marie Etienne, Aurore Liénard, Isabelle Merckaert, Christine Reynaert, Jean-Louis Slachmuylder, Nicole Straetmans, Eric Van Den Neste, Dominique Bron, Darius Razavi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the well-known negative impacts of cancer and anticancer therapies on cognitive performance, little is known about the cognitive compensatory processes of older patients with cancer. This study was designed to investigate the cognitive compensatory processes of older, clinically-fit patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: We assessed 89 consecutive patients (age ≥ 65 years) without severe cognitive impairment and 89 age-, sex-, and education level-matched healthy controls...
March 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315750/fun-cube-based-brain-gym-cognitive-function-assessment-system
#10
Tao Zhang, Chung-Chih Lin, Tsang-Chu Yu, Jing Sun, Wen-Chuin Hsu, Alice May-Kuen Wong
The aim of this study is to design and develop a fun cube (FC) based brain gym (BG) cognitive function assessment system using the wireless sensor network and multimedia technologies. The system comprised (1) interaction devices, FCs and a workstation used as interactive tools for collecting and transferring data to the server, (2) a BG information management system responsible for managing the cognitive games and storing test results, and (3) a feedback system used for conducting the analysis of cognitive functions to assist caregivers in screening high risk groups with mild cognitive impairment...
March 3, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300627/serum-uric-acid-is-associated-with-better-executive-function-in-men-but-not-in-women-baseline-assessment-of-the-elsa-brasil-study
#11
Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Sandhi Barreto, Paulo Lotufo, Isabela Benseñor
BACKGROUND: Serum uric acid (SUA) may protect against free radical stress damage and was previously linked to cognitive impairment in older adults, but evidence in middle-aged adults is scarce. PURPOSE: We sought to analyze whether SUA is associated with cognitive performance in apparently healthy middle-aged participants in the ELSA-Brasil cohort study. METHODS: We excluded participants older than age 65, those taking allopurinol, benzbromarone, or medications that could impair cognitive performance, those with previous stroke, and those with incomplete data on cognitive tests or SUA...
March 11, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294530/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-cognition-in-men-with-and-without-hiv-infection
#12
A K Monroe, L Zhang, L P Jacobson, M W Plankey, T T Brown, E N Miller, E Martin, J T Becker, A J Levine, A Ragin, N C Sacktor
OBJECTIVES: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders are highly prevalent, and physical activity (PA) is a modifiable behaviour that may affect neurocognitive function. Our objective was to determine the association between PA and neurocognitive function and the effect of HIV on this association. METHODS: PA was assessed in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A neuropsychological test battery assessed global impairment and domain-specific impairment (executive function, speed of processing, working memory, learning, memory, and motor function) every 2 years...
March 13, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289629/neurocognitive-dysfunction-according-to-hypoperfusion-territory-in-patients-with-moyamoya-disease
#13
Chang Gu Kang, Min Ho Chun, Jung-A Kang, Kyung Hee Do, Su Jin Choi
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the prevalence of cerebral hypoperfusion without focal cerebral lesions in patients with Moyamoya disease (MMD), and the relationship between areas of hypoperfusion and cognitive impairment. METHODS: Twenty-six MMD patients were included. Patients were categorized according to the presence/absence of hypoperfusion in the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes on brain single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) after acetazolamide challenge...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285574/virtual-reality-exercise-on-a-home-based-phase-iii-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-effect-on-executive-function-quality-of-life-and-depression-anxiety-and-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ágata Vieira, Cristina Melo, Jorge Machado, Joaquim Gabriel
PURPOSE: To analyse the effect of a six-month home-based phase III cardiac rehabilitation (CR) specific exercise program, performed in a virtual reality (Kinect) or conventional (booklet) environment, on executive function, quality of life and depression, anxiety and stress of subjects with coronary artery disease. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with subjects, who had completed phase II, randomly assigned to intervention group 1 (IG1), whose program encompassed the use of Kinect (n = 11); or intervention group 2 (IG2), a paper booklet (n = 11); or a control group (CG), only subjected to the usual care (n = 11)...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285254/the-predictive-role-of-daily-cognitive-stimulation-on-executive-functions-in-bipolar-disorder
#15
Charles Cotrena, Laura Damiani Branco, André Ponsoni, Flávio Milman Shansis, Renata Kochhann, Rochele Paz Fonseca
This study aimed to estimate the predictive role of clinical and demographic variables on the three core executive functions (EF) - working memory (WM), inhibitory control (IC) and cognitive flexibility (CF) - in bipolar disorder (BD). The sample consisted of 38 patients with BD type I, 39 with BD type II, and 106 control participants with no mood disorders. Subjects completed the Hayling Test, Trail Making Test, Digit Span Backwards, Sentence Word Span Test, and Stroop Color-Word Test. Composite scores for WM, IC and CF were calculated, and their correlations with clinical and demographic variables were analyzed...
March 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278038/an-ism-and-dematel-method-approach-for-the-analysis-of-barriers-of-waste-recycling-in-india
#16
Ankur Chauhan, Amol Singh, Sanjay Jharkharia
Increasing amount of wastes is posing great difficulties for all countries across the world. The problem of waste management is more severe in developing countries like India where the rates of economic growth and urbanization are increasing at a fast pace. The governments in these countries are often constrained by limited technical and financial capabilities, which prevent them from effectively addressing these problems. There is a limited participation from the private players too in terms of setting up of waste recycling units...
October 24, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274963/mri-based-comparative-study-of-different-mild-cognitive-impairment-subtypes-protocol-for-an-observational-case-control-study
#17
Yang Yu, Weina Zhao, Siou Li, Changhao Yin
INTRODUCTION: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI) comprise the 2 main types of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The first condition generally progresses to Alzheimer's disease, whereas the second is likely to develop into vascular dementia (VD). The brain structure and function of patients with MCI differ from those of normal elderly individuals. However, whether brain structures or functions differ between these 2 MCI subtypes has not been studied...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273763/the-influence-of-posterior-visual-pathway-damage-on-visual-information-processing-speed-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Iñigo Gabilondo, Oiane Rilo, Natalia Ojeda, Javier Pena, Ainara Gómez-Gastiasoro, Mar Mendibe Bilbao, Alfredo Rodríguez-Antigüedad, Alberto Cabrera, Ibai Diez, Naroa Ibarretxe-Bilbao
BACKGROUND: The injury of visual pathway and abnormalities of visual processing speed (VPS) are frequent in MS, but their association remains unexplored. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of posterior visual pathway structural and functional integrity on VPS of MS patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 30 MS patients and 28 controls, evaluating the association of a VPS tests composite (Salthouse Perceptual Comparison test, Trail Making Test A and Symbol Digit Modalities Test) with 3T MRI visual cortex thickness, optic radiations (OR) diffusion tensor imaging indexes, and medial visual component (MVC) functional connectivity (FC) (MVC-MVC FC (iFC) and MVC-brain FC (eFC)) by linear regression, removing the effect of premorbid IQ, fatigue, and depression...
November 1, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268938/optimal-medication-dosing-from-suboptimal-clinical-examples-a-deep-reinforcement-learning-approach
#19
Shamim Nemati, Mohammad M Ghassemi, Gari D Clifford
Misdosing medications with sensitive therapeutic windows, such as heparin, can place patients at unnecessary risk, increase length of hospital stay, and lead to wasted hospital resources. In this work, we present a clinician-in-the-loop sequential decision making framework, which provides an individualized dosing policy adapted to each patient's evolving clinical phenotype. We employed retrospective data from the publicly available MIMIC II intensive care unit database, and developed a deep reinforcement learning algorithm that learns an optimal heparin dosing policy from sample dosing trails and their associated outcomes in large electronic medical records...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263253/executive-function-is-associated-with-off-line-motor-learning-in-people-with-chronic-stroke
#20
Mayis Al-Dughmi, Alham Al-Sharman, Suzanne Stevens, Catherine F Siengsukon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sleep has been shown to promote off-line motor learning in individuals following stroke. Executive function ability has been shown to be a predictor of participation in rehabilitation and motor recovery following stroke. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between executive function and off-line motor learning in individuals with chronic stroke compared with healthy control participants. METHODS: Seventeen individuals with chronic stroke (>6 months poststroke) and 9 healthy adults were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
keyword
keyword
68606
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"