keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ICON

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444302/draft-genome-of-the-lined-seahorse-hippocampus-erectus
#1
Qiang Lin, Ying Qiu, Ruobo Gu, Meng Xu, Jia Li, Chao Bian, Huixian Zhang, Geng Qin, Yanhong Zhang, Wei Luo, Jieming Chen, Xinxin You, Mingjun Fan, Min Sun, Pao Xu, Byrappa Venkatesh, Junming Xu, Hongtuo Fu, Qiong Shi
Background: The lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus , is an Atlantic species and mainly inhabits shallow sea-beds or coral reefs. It has become very popular in China for its wide use in traditional Chinese medicine. In order to improve the aquaculture yield of this valuable fish species, we are trying to develop genomic resources for assistant selection in genetic breeding. Here, we provide whole genome sequencing, assembly and gene annotation of the lined seahorse, which can enrich genome resource and further application for its molecular breeding...
April 22, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431699/denton-a-cooley-august-22-1920-to-november-18-2016
#2
Charles D Fraser
The world lost a medical trailblazer and inspirational humanitarian with the passing of Denton A. Cooley on November 18, 2016. The 28th president of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, Cooley was an icon of the astounding progress of cardiovascular medicine in the 20th century and a visionary pioneer who shaped modern surgery.
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431095/avi-lution%C3%A2-supplemented-at-1-0-or-2-0%C3%A2-g-kg-in-feed-improves-the-growth-performance-of-broiler-chickens-during-challenge-with-bacitracin-resistant-clostridium-perfringens
#3
L A Krueger, D A Spangler, D R Vandermyde, M D Sims, G A Ayangbile
Avi-Lution® is a defined, patented, synbiotic product containing Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Enterococcus faecium, and Bacillus spp. Broiler chickens (n = 1,250) were experimentally treated as uninoculated controls (uCon), inoculated controls (iCon) with Clostridium perfringens, or inoculated and treated with bacitracin methylene disalicylate (BMD) at 55 mg/kg as an infected/treated control or Avi-Lution® at 1.0 (AvL1) or 2.0 (AvL2) g/kg in feed for 42 d. Each treatment was applied to 10 replicate pens of 25 straight-run, newly hatched chicks...
April 18, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430553/sport-concussion-management-using-facebook-a-feasibility-study-of-an-innovative-adjunct-icon
#4
Osman Hassan Ahmed, Anthony G Schneiders, Paul R McCrory, S John Sullivan
CONTEXT:   Sport concussion is currently the focus of much international attention. Innovative methods to assist athletic trainers in facilitating management after this injury need to be investigated. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the feasibility of using a Facebook concussion-management program termed iCon (interactive concussion management) to facilitate the safe return to play (RTP) of young persons after sport concussion. DESIGN:   Observational study...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422140/the-evolutionary-history-of-bears-is-characterized-by-gene-flow-across-species
#5
Vikas Kumar, Fritjof Lammers, Tobias Bidon, Markus Pfenninger, Lydia Kolter, Maria A Nilsson, Axel Janke
Bears are iconic mammals with a complex evolutionary history. Natural bear hybrids and studies of few nuclear genes indicate that gene flow among bears may be more common than expected and not limited to polar and brown bears. Here we present a genome analysis of the bear family with representatives of all living species. Phylogenomic analyses of 869 mega base pairs divided into 18,621 genome fragments yielded a well-resolved coalescent species tree despite signals for extensive gene flow across species. However, genome analyses using different statistical methods show that gene flow is not limited to closely related species pairs...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419781/evaluation-of-stability-of-stereotactic-space-defined-by-cone-beam-ct-for-the-leksell-gamma-knife-icon
#6
Ismail AlDahlawi, Dheerendra Prasad, Matthew B Podgorsak
The Gamma Knife Icon comes with an integrated cone-beam CT (CBCT) for image-guided stereotactic treatment deliveries. The CBCT can be used for defining the Leksell stereotactic space using imaging without the need for the traditional invasive frame system, and this allows also for frameless thermoplastic mask stereotactic treatments (single or fractionated) with the Gamma Knife unit. In this study, we used an in-house built marker tool to evaluate the stability of the CBCT-based stereotactic space and its agreement with the standard frame-based stereotactic space...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414500/location-coding-account-versus-affordance-activation-account-in-handle-to-hand-correspondence-effects-evidence-of-simon-like-effects-based-on-the-coding-of-action-direction
#7
Antonello Pellicano, Iring Koch, Ferdinand Binkofski
An increasing number of studies have shown a close link between perception and action, which is supposed to be responsible for the automatic activation of actions compatible with objects' properties, such as the orientation of their graspable parts. It has been observed that left and right hand responses to objects (e.g., cups) are faster and more accurate if the handle orientation corresponds to the response location than when it does not. Two alternative explanations have been proposed for this handle-to-hand correspondence effect: location coding and affordance activation...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412766/integrative-governance-of-environmental-water-in-australia-s-murray-darling-basin-evolving-challenges-and-emerging-pathways
#8
Zachary Bischoff-Mattson, Amanda H Lynch
Integration, a widely promoted response to the multi-scale complexities of social-environmental sustainability, is diversely and sometimes poorly conceptualized. In this paper we explore integrative governance, which we define as an iterative and contextual process for negotiating and advancing the common interest. We ground this definition in a discussion of institutional factors conditioning integrative governance of environmental water in Australia's Murray-Darling Basin. The Murray-Darling Basin is an iconic system of social-ecological complexity, evocative of large-scale conservation challenges in other developed arid river basins...
April 15, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408721/decarboxylative-borylation
#9
Chao Li, Jie Wang, Lisa M Barton, Shan Yu, Maoqun Tian, David S Peters, Manoj Kumar, Anthony W Yu, Kristen A Johnson, Arnab K Chatterjee, Ming Yan, Phil S Baran
The widespread use of alkyl boronic acids and esters is frequently hampered by the challenges associated with their preparation. Herein we describe a simple and practical method to rapidly access densely functionalized alkyl boronate esters from abundant carboxylic substituents. This broad-scope Ni-catalyzed reaction uses the same activating principle as amide bond formation to replace a carboxylic acid with a boronate ester. Application to peptides allowed expedient preparations of α-amino boronic acids, often with high stereoselectivity, facilitating the synthesis of both FDA approved alkyl boronic acid drugs (Velcade and Ninlaro) as well as a boronic acid version of the iconic antibiotic vancomycin...
April 13, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408267/population-pharmacokinetics-of-moxifloxacin-cycloserine-p-aminosalicylic-acid-and-kanamycin-for-the-treatment-of-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis
#10
Min Jung Chang, Byunghak Jin, Jung-Woo Chae, Hwi-Yeol Yun, Eun Sun Kim, Yeon Joo Lee, Young-Jae Cho, Ho Il Yoon, Choon-Taek Lee, Kyoung Un Park, Junghan Song, Jae-Ho Lee, Jong Sun Park
Control of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) requires extensive, supervised chemotherapy because second-line anti-TB drugs have a narrower therapeutic range than first-line drugs. This study aimed to develop population pharmacokinetic (PK) models for second-line drugs in patients with MDR-TB, evaluate the recommended dosage regimens and, if necessary, suggest new dosage regimens. A prospective, single-centre PK study was performed on second-line anti-TB drugs in patients with MDR-TB. Moxifloxacin, cycloserine, p-aminosalicylic acid (PAS), kanamycin and other second-line drugs were administered to the patients...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403560/icons-in-paediatrics-rolf-kostmann-1909-1982
#11
Carl Gustaf Ljunggren, Lars Stenhammar, Leif Strömberg
In the medical literature, diseases and syndromes are sometimes named after the first person to publish a report on, or describe, a condition. This is, of course, a great honour, both for the physician and his or her country and only a handful of Swedish medical researchers have achieved this. Swedish paediatrician Rolf Kostmann (Fig. 1) joined this elite group following his report on what he called infantile hereditary agranulocytosis (agranulocytosis infantilis hereditaria), which was first published 1950 in Swedish (1), and his dissertation in 1956 (2), He was the first to describe severe chronic neutropenia as an inherited disease...
April 12, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401981/changes-in-richness-and-community-composition-of-ectomycorrhizal-fungi-among-altitudinal-vegetation-types-on-mount-kinabalu-in-borneo
#12
József Geml, Luis N Morgado, Tatiana A Semenova-Nelsen, Menno Schilthuizen
The distribution patterns of tropical ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi along altitudinal gradients remain largely unknown. Furthermore, despite being an iconic site for biodiversity research, virtually nothing is known about the diversity and spatial patterns of fungi on Mt Kinabalu and neighbouring mountain ranges. We carried out deep DNA sequencing of soil samples collected between 425 and 4000 m above sea level to compare richness and community composition of ECM fungi among altitudinal forest types in Borneo...
April 12, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397582/the-interactive-candidate-assessment-tool-a-new-way-to-interview-residents
#13
Michael P Platt, Vafa Akhtar-Khavari, Rafael Ortega, Jeffrey I Schneider, Tabitha Fineberg, Kenneth M Grundfast
The purpose of the residency interview is to determine the extent to which a well-qualified applicant is a good fit with a residency program. However, questions asked during residency interviews tend to be standard and repetitive, and they may not elicit information that best differentiates one applicant from another. The iCAT (interactive Candidate Assessment Tool) is a novel interview instrument that allows both interviewers and interviewees to learn about each other in a meaningful way. The iCAT uses a tablet computer to enable the candidate to select questions from an array of video and nonvideo vignettes...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387789/evolution-of-wood-anatomical-characters-in-nepenthes-and-close-relatives-of-caryophyllales
#14
Rachel Schwallier, Barbara Gravendeel, Hugo de Boer, Stephan Nylinder, Bertie Joan van Heuven, Anton Sieder, Sukaibin Sumail, Rogier van Vugt, Frederic Lens
Background and Aims: Nepenthes attracts wide attention with its spectacularly shaped carnivorous pitchers, cultural value and horticultural curiosity. Despite the plant's iconic fascination, surprisingly little anatomical detail is known about the genus beyond its modified leaf tip traps. Here, the wood anatomical diversity of Nepenthes is explored. This diversity is further assessed with a phylogenetic framework to investigate whether the wood characters within the genus are relevant from an evolutionary or ecological perspective, or rather depend on differences in developmental stages, growth habits, substrates or precipitation...
April 6, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387040/constructing-mie-scattering-porous-interface-fused-perovskite-films-to-synergistically-boost-light-harvesting-and-carrier-transport
#15
Jie Xue, Yu Gu, Qingsong Shan, Yousheng Zou, Jizhong Song, Leimeng Xu, Yuhui Dong, Jianhai Li, Haibo Zeng
Light harvesting (LH) and carrier transport abilities of a photoactive layer, which are both crucial for optoelectronic devices such as solar cells and photodetectors (PDs), are typically hard to be synergistically improved. Taking perovskite as an example, a freeze-drying recrystallization method is used to construct porous films with improvements of both LH and carrier transport ability. During the freeze-drying casting process, the rapid solvent evaporation produces massive pores, the sizes of which can be adjusted to exploit the Mie scattering for enhancement of the LH ability...
May 2, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382048/phylogeny-predicts-the-quantity-of-antimalarial-alkaloids-within-the-iconic-yellow-cinchona-bark-rubiaceae-cinchona-calisaya
#16
Carla Maldonado, Christopher J Barnes, Claus Cornett, Else Holmfred, Steen H Hansen, Claes Persson, Alexandre Antonelli, Nina Rønsted
Considerable inter- and intraspecific variation with respect to the quantity and composition of plant natural products exists. The processes that drive this variation remain largely unknown. Understanding which factors determine chemical diversity has the potential to shed light on plant defenses against herbivores and diseases and accelerate drug discovery. For centuries, Cinchona alkaloids were the primary treatment of malaria. Using Cinchona calisaya as a model, we generated genetic profiles of leaf samples from four plastid (trnL-F, matK, rps16, and ndhF) and one nuclear (ITS) DNA regions from twenty-two C...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381078/sexual-pain-in-women-quality-of-sex-life-and-marital-relations
#17
Anna Ghizzani, Cinzia Orlandini, Maria G Bernardi, Gabriele Cevenini, Stefano Luisi
Common gynecological and dermatological conditions resulting in sexual pain are seen often in gynecological practice and are easily diagnosed with visual observation and laboratory tests. The lower genital tract diseases we are referring to are: vaginitis, vaginoses, dermatoses, hypoestrogenism and endometriosis. All of them affect the vaginal mucosa with diverse mechanisms, their effects lasting for only few days or many months. Furthermore, they change the women's sense of well being sometimes significantly and for a long period...
April 4, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379961/mapping-black-panthers-macroecological-modeling-of-melanism-in-leopards-panthera-pardus
#18
Lucas G da Silva, Kae Kawanishi, Philipp Henschel, Andrew Kittle, Arezoo Sanei, Alexander Reebin, Dale Miquelle, Andrew B Stein, Anjali Watson, Laurence Bruce Kekule, Ricardo B Machado, Eduardo Eizirik
The geographic distribution and habitat association of most mammalian polymorphic phenotypes are still poorly known, hampering assessments of their adaptive significance. Even in the case of the black panther, an iconic melanistic variant of the leopard (Panthera pardus), no map exists describing its distribution. We constructed a large database of verified records sampled across the species' range, and used it to map the geographic occurrence of melanism. We then estimated the potential distribution of melanistic and non-melanistic leopards using niche-modeling algorithms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375293/high-efficiency-echelle-gratings-for-mighti-the-spatial-heterodyne-interferometers-for-the-icon-mission
#19
Christoph R Englert, Charles M Brown, Bernhard Bach, Erich Bach, Kirk Bach, John M Harlander, John F Seely, Kenneth D Marr, Ian Miller
Development of a new generation of low-groove density-blazed echelle gratings optimized for MIGHTI, a space-borne spatial heterodyne interferometer operating in the visible and near infrared is described. Special demands are placed on the wavefront accuracy, groove profile, and efficiency of these gratings. These demands required a new ruling for this application, with significant improvements over existing gratings. Properties of a new generation of highly efficient, plane gratings with 64  grooves/mm blazed at 8...
March 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373852/red-roses-and-gift-chocolates-are-judged-more-positively-in-the-u-s-near-valentine-s-day-evidence-of-naturally-occurring-cultural-priming
#20
Vivian Zayas, Gayathri Pandey, Joshua Tabak
Attitudes are not static, but constructed at the moment of the evaluation, incorporating temporary contextual influences. How do meaningful events that naturally occur within a culture, such as a national holiday, shape evaluative judgments of objects related to the holiday? We focused on evaluations of red roses and gift chocolates, which are everyday objects, but also iconic of Valentine's Day in the U.S. We reasoned that if cultural events shape evaluations, then roses and chocolates would be evaluated differently near Valentine's Day...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
68601
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"