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Matthias Mielke, Rainer Bruck, Matthias Mielke, Rainer Bruck, Rainer Bruck, Matthias Mielke
Different assistive technologies are available for deaf people (i.e. deaf, deafened, and hard of hearing). Besides the well-known hearing aid, devices for detection of sound events that occur at home or at work (e.g. doorbell, telephone) are available. Despite the technological progress in the last years and resulting new possibilities, the basic functions and concepts of such devices have not changed. The user still needs special assistive technology that is bound to the home or work environment. In this contribution a new concept for awareness of events in buildings is presented...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
R Delgado-Gonzalo, A Lemkaddem, Ph Renevey, E Muntane Calvo, M Lemay, K Cox, D Ashby, J Willardson, M Bertschi, R Delgado-Gonzalo, A Lemkaddem, Ph Renevey, E Muntane Calvo, M Lemay, K Cox, D Ashby, J Willardson, M Bertschi, M Lemay, A Lemkaddem, Ph Renevey, D Ashby, M Bertschi, E Muntane Calvo, J Willardson, R Delgado-Gonzalo, K Cox
This article presents the performance results of a novel algorithm for swimming analysis in real-time within a low-power wrist-worn device. The estimated parameters are: lap count, stroke count, time in lap, total swimming time, pace/speed per lap, total swam distance, and swimming efficiency (SWOLF). In addition, several swimming styles are automatically detected. Results were obtained using a database composed of 13 different swimmers spanning 646 laps and 858.78 min of total swam time. The final precision achieved in lap detection ranges between 99...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
(no author information available yet)
1. International Congress on Nursing (ICON-2017) 16-18 March, Antalya, Turkey
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
Allison J Lazard, Annie Schmidt, Huyen Vu, M Justin Byron, Ellen Peters, Marcella H Boynton, Noel T Brewer
We sought to identify icons to effectively communicate health harms of chemicals in cigarette smoke. Participants were a convenience sample of 701 U.S. adults. A within-subjects online experiment explored the effects of icon semiotic type: symbolic (arbitrary, most abstract), indexical, and iconic (representative, most concrete). Outcomes were perceived representation, affect toward smoking, elaboration, perceived severity, and perceived effectiveness. For not-easy-to-visualize harms of cancer and addiction, symbolic icons received the highest ratings (all p < ...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Rachel W Magid, Jennie E Pyers
Iconicity is prevalent in gesture and in sign languages, yet the degree to which children recognize and leverage iconicity for early language learning is unclear. In Experiment 1 of the current study, we presented sign-naïve 3-, 4- and 5-year-olds (n=87) with iconic shape gestures and no additional scaffolding to ask whether children can spontaneously map iconic gestures to their referents. Four- and five-year-olds, but not three-year-olds, recognized the referents of iconic shape gestures above chance. Experiment 2 asked whether preschoolers (n=93) show an advantage in fast-mapping iconic gestures compared to arbitrary ones...
February 16, 2017: Cognition
Matteo Ceci, Davide Rattalino, Matteo Viola, Riccardo Beltrami, Marco Chiesa, Marco Colombo, Claudio Poggio
BACKGROUND: The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the over time color stability of one resin infiltrant (Icon) upon exposure to staining solutions (coffee and wine) compared with one nano-hybrid sealant (Grandio Seal), one transparent fissure sealant with fluoride (Control Seal) and one nanofilled composite (Filtek Supreme XTE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All materials were polymerized according to manufacturers' instructions into silicon rings (height 1 mm; internal diameter 6 mm; external diameter 8 mm) to obtain specimens identical in size...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Werner Marx, Robin Haunschild, Andreas Thor, Lutz Bornmann
This bibliometric analysis focuses on the general history of climate change research and, more specifically, on the discovery of the greenhouse effect. First, the Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy (RPYS) is applied to a large publication set on climate change of 222,060 papers published between 1980 and 2014. The references cited therein were extracted and analyzed with regard to publications, which are cited most frequently. Second, a new method for establishing a more subject-specific publication set for applying RPYS (based on the co-citations of a marker reference) is proposed (RPYS-CO)...
2017: Scientometrics
Julien Benoit, Luke A Norton, Paul R Manger, Bruce S Rubidge
Euchambersia mirabilis is an iconic species of Permo-Triassic therapsid because of its unusually large external maxillary fossa linked through a sulcus to a ridged canine. This anatomy led to the commonly accepted conclusion that the large fossa accommodated a venom gland. However, this hypothesis remains untested so far. Here, we conducted a μCT scan assisted reappraisal of the envenoming capacity of Euchambersia, with a special focus on the anatomy of the maxillary fossa and canines. This study shows that the fossa, presumably for the venom-producing gland, is directly linked to the maxillary canal, which carries the trigeminal nerve (responsible for the sensitivity of the face)...
2017: PloS One
Minyuan M Li, Mircea Dincă
The μ4-O(2-) ions in the Zn4O(O2C-)6 secondary building units of Zn4O(1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)3 (MOF-5) electrodeposited under cathodic bias can be sourced from nitrate, water, and molecular oxygen when using platinum gauze as working electrodes. The use of Zn(ClO4)2·6H2O, anhydrous Zn(NO3)2, or anhydrous Zn(CF3SO3)2 as Zn(2+) sources under rigorous control of other sources of oxygen, including water and O2, confirm that the source of the μ4-O(2-) ions can be promiscuous. Although this finding reveals a relatively complicated manifold of electrochemical processes responsible for the crystallization of MOF-5 under cathodic bias, it further highlights the importance of hydroxide intermediates in the formation of the Zn4O(O2C-R) secondary building units in this iconic material and is illustrative of the complicated crystallization mechanisms of metal-organic frameworks in general...
February 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
S Ghosh, L Peyrin-Biroulet, T Sensky, F Casellas, C O'Shea, B Pappalardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Tai-Hua Lee, Fong-Gong Wu, Huei-Tsz Chen
Focusing on the theme of direct manipulation, in this study, we proposed a new and innovative tangible user interface (TUI) design concept for a manipulative digital drawing pen. Based on interviews with focus groups brainstorming and experts and the results of a field survey, we selected the most suitable tangible user interface for children between 4 and 7 years of age. Using the new tangible user interface, children could choose between the brush tools after touching and feeling the various patterns. The thickness of the brush could be adjusted by changing the tilt angle...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Vienna C Lam, J Bryan Kinney, Lynne S Bell
In the past decade, there have been many structural changes implemented to Vancouver's largest bridges as a means of deterring criminogenic and suicidal behaviors. Guided by an environmental criminology theoretical framework, this research examines the patterns and trends of 201 cases of successful suicide jumping in the Metro Vancouver Regional District (MVRD) of British Columbia, Canada from 2006 to 2014. To evaluate these trends and to bolster the existing literature on deterrence measures through environmental design, this research will examine the spatial relationship between preferential bridge jumping locations and the home addresses of the deceased...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ralph P Harti, Christian Kottler, Jacopo Valsecchi, Konstantins Jefimovs, Matias Kagias, Markus Strobl, Christian Grünzweig
The performance of X-ray and neutron grating interferometers is characterised by their visibility, which is a measure for the maximum achievable contrast. In this study we show how the real grating geometry in a grating interferometer with three gratings impacts the interference and self projection that leads to visibility in the first place. We quantify the individual contributions of wavelength distributions and grating shapes in terms of visibility reduction by determining the absolute as well as relative effect of each contribution...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
Josephine B Etowa, Brenda L Beagan, Felicia Eghan, Wanda Thomas Bernard
The 'Strong Black Woman' (SBW) construct has been well-documented in the United States as both an aspirational icon and a constricting burden for African-heritage women. It has not been examined among African Canadians. Drawing on qualitative interviews and standardized measures with 50 African-heritage women in Eastern Canada, our analysis reveals their perceptions of the construct as both strongly endorsed as a source of cultural pride, yet also acknowledged to take a terrible toll on health and well-being...
February 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
(no author information available yet)
1. International Congress on Nursing (ICON-2017) 16-18 March, Grand Park Lara Convention Center, Antalya, Turkey
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
Stanley P Brown, JohnEric W Smith, Matthew McAllister, LeeAnn Joe
Using pop icons in the science classroom represents a creative way to engage often-distracted students in a relevant and, perhaps more importantly, fun way. When the pop icon is as universally known as Captain America, the pedagogical stage is set. However, when the movies can also be employed to link dramatic references to the science concepts at hand, we may have a very powerful tool by which linkages between fiction and science can be forged. In this regard, Captain America's performances in several movies to date can be used to explain actual science...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
Alon Tal
In the age-old debate between technological optimists and pessimists, desalination has been hailed as a "game changer" that can fundamentally alter the dynamics of water management under conditions of scarcity. While water from desalination facilities can reduce uncertainties in municipal supply, they are unlikely to replace the missing flow required to rehabilitate rivers and streams. The Jordan River is an iconic, but highly degraded water body whose restoration has been the subject of extensive research as well as numerous proposals and strategies...
December 30, 2016: Water Research
David I Schuster
John D. (Jack) Roberts, Institute Professor of Chemistry Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology died on October 29, 2016, at the age of 98. Roberts was one of the of the iconic figures in physical organic chemistry of the 20th century. His achievements included proving the occurrence of benzynes and nonclassical carbocations as reaction intermediates, and he was instrumental in establishing NMR spectroscopy as a standard analytical technique in organic chemistry.
January 30, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Michele Zeverino, Maud Jaccard, David Patin, Nick Ryckx, Maud Marguet, Constantin Tuleasca, Luis Schiappacasse, Jean Bourhis, Marc Levivier, Francois O Bochud, Raphaël Moeckli
PURPOSE: The Leksell Gamma Knife (LGK) Icon has been recently introduced to provide Gamma Knife technology with frameless stereotactic treatments which use an additional cone-beam CT (CBCT) imaging system and a motion tracking system (IFMM, Intra-Fraction Motion Management). The system was commissioned for the treatment unit itself as well as the imaging system. METHODS: The LGK Icon was calibrated using an A1SL ionization chamber. EBT3 radiochromic films were employed to independently check the machine calibration, to measure the relative output factors (ROFs) and to collect dose distributions...
December 10, 2016: Medical Physics
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