keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ICON

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342509/the-influence-of-explanatory-images-on-risk-perceptions-and-treatment-preference
#1
Raluca Cozmuta, Evan Wilhelms, Diana Cornell, Julia Nolte, Valerie Reyna, Liana Fraenkel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether providing patients a series of balance scales (BS) depicting a reciprocal relationship between achieving disease control and increasing the risk of infection influences treatment preference. METHODS: Participants were randomized to receive a description of a medication in which risk of infection was described using one of four formats: numbers only, numbers + icon array (IA), numbers + BS, or numbers + IA + BS (i.e. combination). We compared the likelihood of starting the medication across the four formats, and whether the influence of risk formats varied by numeracy and gist risk appraisals...
January 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338942/international-consensus-icon-on-treatment-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#2
J Nevoux, M Barbara, J Dornhoffer, W Gibson, T Kitahara, V Darrouzet
OBJECTIVE: To present the international consensus for recommendations for Ménière's disease (MD) treatment. METHODS: Based on a literature review and report of 4 experts from 4 continents, the recommendations have been presented during the 21st IFOS congress in Paris, in June 2017 and are presented in this work. RESULTS: The recommendation is to change the lifestyle, to use the vestibular rehabilitation in the intercritic period and to propose psychotherapy...
January 12, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337998/cognitive-mechanisms-for-inferring-the-meaning-of-novel-signals-during-symbolisation
#3
Justin Sulik
As participants repeatedly interact using graphical signals (as in a game of Pictionary), the signals gradually shift from being iconic (or motivated) to being symbolic (or arbitrary). The aim here is to test experimentally whether this change in the form of the signal implies a concomitant shift in the inferential mechanisms needed to understand it. The results show that, during early, iconic stages, there is more reliance on creative inferential processes associated with insight problem solving, and that the recruitment of these cognitive mechanisms decreases over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335514/monitoring-single-cell-gene-regulation-under-dynamically-controllable-conditions-with-integrated-microfluidics-and-software
#4
Matthias Kaiser, Florian Jug, Thomas Julou, Siddharth Deshpande, Thomas Pfohl, Olin K Silander, Gene Myers, Erik van Nimwegen
Much is still not understood about how gene regulatory interactions control cell fate decisions in single cells, in part due to the difficulty of directly observing gene regulatory processes in vivo. We introduce here a novel integrated setup consisting of a microfluidic chip and accompanying analysis software that enable long-term quantitative tracking of growth and gene expression in single cells. The dual-input Mother Machine (DIMM) chip enables controlled and continuous variation of external conditions, allowing direct observation of gene regulatory responses to changing conditions in single cells...
January 15, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331308/a-tribute-in-life-to-the-world-icon-of-the-cardiology-of-heights-dr-dante-pe%C3%A3-aloza-from-peru
#5
REVIEW
Jorge Luis Sotomayor-Perales, Edgardo Schapachnik, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Andrés Ricardo Pérez-Riera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329968/reexamining-unconscious-response-priming-a-liminal-prime-paradigm
#6
Maayan Avneon, Dominique Lamy
Research on the limits of unconscious processing typically relies on the subliminal-prime paradigm. However, this paradigm is limited in the issues it can address. Here, we examined the implications of using the liminal-prime paradigm, which allows comparing unconscious and conscious priming with constant stimulation. We adapted an iconic demonstration of unconscious response priming to the liminal-prime paradigm. On the one hand, temporal attention allocated to the prime and its relevance to the task increased the magnitude of response priming...
January 9, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315807/karma-or-immortality-can-religion-influence-space-time-mappings
#7
Heng Li, Yu Cao
People implicitly associate the "past" and "future" with "front" and "back" in their minds according to their cultural attitudes toward time. As the temporal focus hypothesis (TFH) proposes, future-oriented people tend to think about time according to the future-in-front mapping, whereas past-oriented people tend to think about time according to the past-in-front mapping (de la Fuente, Santiago, Román, Dumitrache, & Casasanto, 2014). Whereas previous studies have demonstrated that culture exerts an important influence on people's implicit spatializations of time, we focus specifically on religion, a prominent layer of culture, as potential additional influence on space-time mappings...
January 9, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312815/satellite-tagging-highlights-the-importance-of-productive-mozambican-coastal-waters-to-the-ecology-and-conservation-of-whale-sharks
#8
Christoph A Rohner, Anthony J Richardson, Fabrice R A Jaine, Michael B Bennett, Scarla J Weeks, Geremy Cliff, David P Robinson, Katie E Reeve-Arnold, Simon J Pierce
The whale shark Rhincodon typus is an endangered, highly migratory species with a wide, albeit patchy, distribution through tropical oceans. Ten aerial survey flights along the southern Mozambican coast, conducted between 2004-2008, documented a relatively high density of whale sharks along a 200 km stretch of the Inhambane Province, with a pronounced hotspot adjacent to Praia do Tofo. To examine the residency and movement of whale sharks in coastal areas around Praia do Tofo, where they may be more susceptible to gill net entanglement, we tagged 15 juveniles with SPOT5 satellite tags and tracked them for 2-88 days (mean = 27 days) as they dispersed from this area...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305747/do-children-understand-iconic-gestures-about-events-as-early-as-iconic-gestures-about-entities
#9
Melissa L Glasser, Rebecca A Williamson, Şeyda Özçalışkan
Children can understand iconic co-speech gestures that characterize entities by age 3 (Stanfield et al. in J Child Lang 40(2):1-10, 2014; e.g., "I'm drinking" [Formula: see text] tilting hand in C-shape to mouth as if holding a glass). In this study, we ask whether children understand co-speech gestures that characterize events as early as they do so for entities, and if so, whether their understanding is influenced by the patterns of gesture production in their native language. We examined this question by studying native English speaking 3- to 4 year-old children and adults as they completed an iconic co-speech gesture comprehension task involving motion events across two studies...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297676/diffusion-control-in-the-in-situ-synthesis-of-iconic-metal-organic-frameworks-within-an-ionic-polymer-matrix
#10
Jungho Lim, Eun Ji Lee, Jae Sun Choi, Nak Cheon Jeong
Ionic polymers that possess ion-exchangeable sites have been shown to be a greatly useful platform to fabricate mixed matrices (MMs) where metal-organic framework (MOFs) can be in situ synthesized, although the in situ synthesis of MOF has been rarely studied. In this study, alginate, an anionic green polymer that possesses metal ion-exchangeable sites, is employed as a platform of MMs for the in situ synthesis of iconic MOFs, HKUST-1 and MOF-74(Zn). We demonstrate for the first time that the sequential order of supplying MOF ingredients (metal ion and deprotonated ligand) into the alginate matrix leads to substantially different results due to a difference in the diffusion of the MOF components...
January 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284107/assessing-the-appearance-and-fluorescence-of-resin-infiltrated-white-spot-lesions-with-caries-detection-devices
#11
K Markowitz, K Carey
OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study examined the effectiveness of caries detector devices in assessing the ability of resin infiltration (RI) (Icon, DMG-Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany) to improve the optical properties of enamel white spot lesions (WSLs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ten caries-free third molars were used. Photographs, a subjective visual assessment of the photographs, fluorescent camera (FC) images using the Spectra (Air Techniques, Melville, NY, USA), and laser fluorescent (LF) readings using the DIAGNOdent (KaVo, Biberach, Germany) were obtained from each tooth's buccal surface...
January 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283588/do-capuchin-monkeys-sapajus-apella-know-the-contents-of-memory-traces-a-study-of-metamemory-for-compound-stimuli
#12
Saho Takagi, Kazuo Fujita
Whereas evidence has accumulated that nonhuman animals have access to the strength of their memory trace, it is unclear whether such metamemory contains components, as proposed by Hampton (2005). We assessed whether capuchin monkeys could recognize details of memorized items using a delayed matching-to-sample task. We used compound stimuli separable into 2 dimensions, "what" and "where." Two monkeys were trained to memorize both "what" and "where" a sample was and answer both/either "what" and/or "where" the sample was depending on each task after a delay...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278500/coordination-driven-self-assembly-of-ruthenium-polypyridyl-nodes-resulting-in-emergent-photophysical-and-electrochemical-properties
#13
Cory E Hauke, Amanda N Oldacre, Cressa Ria P Fulong, Alan E Friedman, Timothy R Cook
Ruthenium polypyridyl complexes are among the most studied molecular species for photochemical applications such as light-harvesting and photocatalysis, with [Ru(bpy)3]2+ (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) serving as an iconic example. We report the use of the [Ru(bpy)2]2+ fragment as a 90° acceptor tecton (M) in coordination-driven self-assembly to synthesize a M4L4 metallacycle (L = 4,4'-bipyridine) and a M6L4 truncated tetrahedral cage [L = 2,4,6-tris(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine]. The M6L4 cage possesses emergent properties attributed to its unique electronic structure, which results in increased visible-light absorption and an emission band that decays biexponentially with times of 3 and 790 ns...
December 26, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250001/using-the-hands-to-represent-objects-in-space-gesture-as-a-substrate-for-signed-language-acquisition
#14
Vikki Janke, Chloë R Marshall
An ongoing issue of interest in second language research concerns what transfers from a speaker's first language to their second. For learners of a sign language, gesture is a potential substrate for transfer. Our study provides a novel test of gestural production by eliciting silent gesture from novices in a controlled environment. We focus on spatial relationships, which in sign languages are represented in a very iconic way using the hands, and which one might therefore predict to be easy for adult learners to acquire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249659/genomic-analysis-of-demographic-history-and-ecological-niche-modeling-in-the-endangered-sumatran-rhinoceros-dicerorhinus-sumatrensis
#15
Herman L Mays, Chih-Ming Hung, Pei-Jen Shaner, James Denvir, Megan Justice, Shang-Fang Yang, Terri L Roth, David A Oehler, Jun Fan, Swanthana Rekulapally, Donald A Primerano
The vertebrate extinction rate over the past century is approximately 22-100 times greater than background extinction rates [1], and large mammals are particularly at risk [2, 3]. Quaternary megafaunal extinctions have been attributed to climate change [4], overexploitation [5], or a combination of the two [6]. Rhinoceroses (Family: Rhinocerotidae) have a rich fossil history replete with iconic examples of climate-induced extinctions [7], but current pressures threaten to eliminate this group entirely. The Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is among the most imperiled mammals on earth...
December 13, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248900/karl-jaspers-the-icon-of-modern-psychiatry
#16
Michael A Schwartz, Marcin Moskalewicz, Osborne P Wiggins
December 2015 and March 2016 issues of the American Journal of Psychiatry contain a debate focusing on the legacy of Emil Kraepelin, widely considered one of the founders if not the iconic founder of modern scientific psychiatry. The authors, Eric J. Engstrom and Kenneth S. Kendler, challenge the so-called neo-Kraepelinian view of Kraepelin and argue that the true, historical Kraepelin was far more inclined towards scientific psychology, less reductionist and brain-centric, and more skeptical nosologically than his later followers apparently believe...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244501/origins-of-enzyme-catalysis-experimental-findings-for-c-h-activation-new-models-and-their-relevance-to-prevailing-theoretical-constructs
#17
Judith P Klinman, Adam R Offenbacher, Shenshen Hu
The physical basis for enzymatic rate accelerations is a subject of great fundamental interest and of direct relevance to areas that include the de novo design of green catalysts and the pursuit of new drug regimens. Extensive investigations of C-H activating systems have provided considerable insight into the relationship between an enzyme's overall structure and the catalytic chemistry at its active site. This Perspective highlights recent experimental data for two members of distinct, yet iconic C-H activation enzyme classes, lipoxygenases and prokaryotic alcohol dehydrogenases...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243868/genetic-diversity-of-small-populations-not-always-doom-and-gloom
#18
Dylan J Fraser
Is a key theory of evolutionary and conservation biology-that loss of genetic diversity can be predicted from population size-on shaky ground? In the face of increasing human-induced species depletion and habitat fragmentation, this question and the study of genetic diversity in small populations are paramount to understanding the limits of species' responses to environmental change and to providing remedies to endangered species conservation. Few empirical studies have investigated to what degree some small populations might be buffered against losses of genetic diversity...
December 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236552/website-designs-for-communicating-about-chemicals-in-cigarette-smoke
#19
Allison J Lazard, M Justin Byron, Huyen Vu, Ellen Peters, Annie Schmidt, Noel T Brewer
The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act requires the US government to inform the public about the quantities of toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke. A website can accomplish this task efficiently, but the site's user interface must be usable to benefit the general public. We conducted online experiments with national convenience samples of 1,451 US adult smokers and nonsmokers to examine the impact of four interface display elements: the chemicals, their associated health effects, quantity information, and a visual risk indicator...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232405/monitoring-butterflies-using-counts-of-puddling-males-a-case-study-of-the-rajah-brooke-s-birdwing-trogonoptera-brookiana-albescens
#20
Chooi-Khim Phon, Laurence G Kirton, Norma-Rashid Yusoff
The Rajah Brooke's Birdwing, Trogonoptera brookiana, is a large, iconic butterfly that is facing heavy commercial exploitation and habitat loss. Males of some subspecies exhibit puddling behavior. A method of conservation monitoring was developed for subspecies albescens in Ulu Geroh, Peninsular Malaysia, where the males consistently puddle in single-species aggregations at stable geothermal springs, reaching well over 300 individuals when the population is at its highest. Digital photography was used to conduct counts of numbers of males puddling...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
68601
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"