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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446155/not-just-trust-factors-influencing-learners-attempts-to-perform-technical-skills-on-real-patients
#1
Susan L Bannister, Mark S Dolson, Lorelei Lingard, David A Keegan
CONTEXT: As part of their training, physicians are required to learn how to perform technical skills on patients. The previous literature reveals that this learning is complex and that many opportunities to perform these skills are not converted into attempts to do so by learners. This study sought to explore and understand this phenomenon better. METHODS: A multi-phased qualitative study including ethnographic observations, interviews and focus groups was conducted to explore the factors that influence technical skill learning...
February 15, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441663/preceptors-perspectives-of-an-integrated-clinical-learning-model-in-a-mental-health-environment
#2
Gayelene Boardman, Karen Lawrence, Meg Polacsek
Supervised clinical practice is an essential component of undergraduate nursing students' learning and development. In the mental health setting, nursing students traditionally undertake four-week block placements. An integrated clinical learning model, where preceptors mentor students on an individual basis, has been used successfully in the clinical learning environment. This flexible model provides the opportunity for students to work across morning, afternoon, night and weekend shifts. There is a need to improve the evidence base for a flexible model for students undertaking a mental health placement...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433593/education-practical-training-and-professional-development-for-public-health-practitioners-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-and-insights-for-sustainable-food-system-capacity-building
#3
Jessica Wegener, Debbie Fong, Cecilia Rocha
OBJECTIVE: Noting the upstream positioning of sustainable food systems (SFS) to multiple global crises, the present review described examples of emerging and promising practices to support SFS-oriented education, practical training (PT) and continuing professional development (CPD) among trainees and public health practitioners (PHP). A secondary objective was to compile the evidence into practical considerations for educators, supervising practitioners and professional associations. DESIGN: A scoping review of the literature published between 2007 and 2017 was conducted in May 2017 using four databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus and HSSA, along with bibliography hand-searching and expert consultation...
February 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431166/incorporating-students-into-clinic-may-be-associated-with-both-improved-clinical-productivity-and-educational-value
#4
Jeremy A Tanner, Karthik T Rao, Rachel E Salas, Roy E Strowd, Angeline M Nguyen, Alexandra Kornbluh, Evan Mead-Brewer, Charlene E Gamaldo
Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate ambulatory clinic responsibilities that neurology clerkship students perceive as having the highest educational value and to evaluate the association between a student's presence and level of responsibility and a preceptor's clinical and financial productivity during a clinic session. Methods: Physician preceptors (n = 43) and medical students (n = 67) in the Johns Hopkins Neurology clerkship from 2014 to 2015 were included...
December 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407265/-it-s-complicated-staff-nurse-perceptions-of-their-influence-on-nursing-students-learning-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#5
Sarah E Hanson, Martha L MacLeod, Catharine J Schiller
BACKGROUND: During both teacher-led clinical practica and precepted practica, students interact with, and learn from, staff nurses who work on the clinical units. It is understood that learning in clinical practice is enhanced by positive interactions between staff nurses and nursing students. While much is known about preceptors' experiences of working with nursing students, there is little evidence to date about staff nurses' perspectives of their interactions with students in teacher-led practica...
February 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383059/tit-for-tat-strategy-for-increasing-medical-student-evaluation-response-rates
#6
Matthew G Malone, Michelle M Carney, Joseph B House, James A Cranford, Sally A Santen
Introducation: It is essential for faculty to receive feedback on their teaching for the purpose of improvement as well as promotion. It can be challenging to motivate students to provide feedback to preceptors and fill out evaluation forms when not a clerkship requirement. Furthermore, there is concern that making the evaluations a requirement can compromise the quality of the feedback. The objective of this study was to identify an increase in the number of faculty and resident evaluations completed by students rotating through their Emergency Medicine clerkship following the implementation of a tit-for-tat incentive strategy...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381589/exploring-faculty-approaches-to-feedback-in-the-simulated-setting-are-they-evidence-informed
#7
Amanda Lee Roze des Ordons, Adam Cheng, Jonathan E Gaudet, James Downar, Jocelyn M Lockyer
INTRODUCTION: Feedback in clinical education and after simulated experiences facilitates learning. Although evidence-based guidelines for feedback exist, faculty experience challenges in applying the guidelines. We set out to explore how faculty approach feedback and how these approaches align with current recommendations. METHODS: There is strong evidence for the following four components of feedback: feedback as a social interaction, tailoring content, providing specific descriptions of performance, and identifying actionable items...
January 29, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379965/association-between-undergraduate-performance-predictors-and-academic-and-clinical-performance-of-osteopathic-medical-students
#8
Farshad Agahi, Mark R Speicher, Grace Cisek
Context: Medical schools use a variety of preadmission indices to select potential students. These indices generally include undergraduate grade point average (GPA), Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores, and preadmission interviews. Objective: To investigate whether the admission indices used by Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine are associated with the academic and clinical performance of their students. Methods: Associations between the prematriculation variables of undergraduate science GPA, undergraduate total GPA, MCAT component scores, and interview scores and the academic and clinical variables of the first- and second-year medical school GPA, Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) Level 1 and Level 2-Cognitive Evaluation (CE) total and discipline scores, scores in clinical rotations for osteopathic competencies, COMLEX-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation passage, and match status were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367768/components-of-a-measure-to-describe-organizational-culture-in-academic-pharmacy
#9
Shane Desselle, Meagen Rosenthal, Erin R Holmes, Brienna Andrews, Julia Lui, Leela Raja
Objective. To develop a measure of organizational culture in academic pharmacy and identify characteristics of an academic pharmacy program that would be impactful for internal (eg, students, employees) and external (eg, preceptors, practitioners) clients of the program. Methods. A three-round Delphi procedure of 24 panelists from pharmacy schools in the U.S. and Canada generated items based on the Organizational Culture Profile (OCP), which were then evaluated and refined for inclusion in subsequent rounds...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366379/pharmacy-student-monitoring-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#10
Jennifer J Kim, Hailey L Hill, James B Groce, James M Granfortuna, Tanya K Makhlouf
BACKGROUND: Best practice recommendations are lacking. Thus far, literature has described pharmacist-led DOAC monitoring. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe a DOAC monitoring program involving pharmacy students. METHODS: This was an observational analysis of a quality improvement initiative. A clinical pharmacist preceptor identified clinic patients taking DOACs by running a report using the electronic medical record. Pharmacy students conducted chart reviews, called pharmacies for 6-month refill histories, and interviewed and educated patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364752/positive-outcomes-of-optimizing-student-preceptor-continuity-in-a-traditional-block-clerkship
#11
Jennifer L Biggs, Jamie S Sutherell, Rochelle Remus, Eric S Armbrecht, Marta A King
PROBLEM: Student-preceptor discontinuity during 3rd-year clerkships limits the quality and quantity of supervision, teaching, and feedback. Although longitudinal integrative clerkships increase continuity and are associated with improved student and preceptor experience, they require schoolwide curricular reform. Alternative innovations enhancing student-preceptor relationships within the constraints of a traditional block clerkship may demonstrate similar benefits. INTERVENTION: We piloted a continuity-enhanced general pediatric ambulatory schedule during 2 consecutive clerkship blocks in 2013...
January 24, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354200/perceptions-practice-and-ownership-experiences-in-continuity-of-the-patient-doctor-relationship-in-a-family-medicine-residency
#12
Ann Lee, Sandra Kennett, Sheny Khera, Shelley Ross
Background: The objective of this mixed-methods study was to determine interpersonal continuity (the ongoing therapeutic relationship between patient and health care provider) experiences of family medicine residents and preceptors, and explore their perceptions of interpersonal continuity. Methods: Quantitative data on resident and preceptor encounters were extracted from the electronic medical record (EMR). Opportunities for developing interpersonal continuity were determined using the Usual Provider Continuity (UPC) Index...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344454/critical-review-of-family-health-advisory-services-assessment-in-mbbs-training-program-in-community-medicine
#13
Kiran Goswami, H Salve, S Malhotra, Y Kumar
Context: Family Health Advisory Services (FHAS) posting as well as its assessment is resource demanding but fails to enjoy priority. Study focuses on a holistic overview of the assessment process to understand need for change. Aims: The aim of this study is to identify perceived gaps in current assessment practices related to FHAS posting. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional mixed method study among all the V semester students currently undergoing assessment for the posting, past students (selected VII semester students and interns), preceptors (supervising residents - postgraduate students in department and senior resident, health assistants, medical social service officer), and involved faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339935/dietetic-interns-perceptions-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-an-exploratory-study
#14
Rachel J Hinrichs
Objective: This study explored dietetic interns' perceptions and knowledge of evidence-based practice (EBP), their use and observation of EBP principles during their clinical rotations, and their intentions to use EBP in their careers. Methods: A mixed methods design combining a survey and focus group was employed. Dietetic interns (n=16) from a large Midwestern university were recruited in person and via email to participate in the survey, focus group, or both...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334301/navigating-social-distance-in-foundational-clinical-encounters-understanding-medical-students-early-experiences-with-diverse-patients
#15
Miesha Roberts-MacDonald, Saleem Razack
BACKGROUND: Social distance between patients and physicians has been shown to affect the quality of care that patients receive. Little is known about how social distance between students and patients is experienced by learners during early clinical exposures in medical school. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore students' stories of experiencing social distance with patients with concordant and discordant social characteristics as themselves, respectively, as well as students' needs from medical curricula regarding developing social competence...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302863/innovations-in-maternal-and-child-health-pairing-undergraduate-and-graduate-maternal-and-child-health-students-in-summer-practica-in-state-title-v-agencies
#16
Arden Handler, Jaime Klaus, Deneen Long-White, Marcia Roth, Rebecca Greenleaf, Olivia R Sappenfield, Dorothy Cilenti
Objective As part of the National MCH Workforce Development Center, an innovative internship program placed MCH undergraduate and graduate students in summer practica in state Title V agencies. Graduate student mentoring of undergraduates and leadership and professional development training and support are key features of the program. The objective of this paper is to report on the results of the evaluation of the MCH Paired Practica Program in its pilot years, 2014-2016. Methods Students completed pre and post internship questionnaires which included closed as well as open-ended questions...
January 4, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302095/the-report-of-the-2016-2017-professional-affairs-standing-committee-formally-embracing-and-engaging-preceptors-in-the-academy-the-time-has-come
#17
Karen Whalen Chair, Daniel S Aistrope, Jason Ausili, Kathleen H Besinque, Elizabeth A Cardello, Philip M Hritcko, George E MacKinnon, Eric Maroyka, Elizabeth Sutton Burke, I Shane Trent, Lynette R Bradley-Baker
The 2016-2017 AACP Professional Affairs Committee (PAC) was charged to examine strategies to include adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members and to determine the value proposition of AACP membership for this group of educators. The PAC defined adjunct/affiliate preceptors as preceptors who are neither full-time employees nor have a primary employment commitment (≥50% of the preceptor's work salary) at a school/college of pharmacy. Specific charges to the PAC included: recommend an approach to increase the number of adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members, examine AACP membership from an adjunct/affiliate preceptor value perspective, and prepare a concise summary of available literature describing value-added contributions of student pharmacists and pharmacy preceptors to pharmacy practice models, interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional practice (IPP)...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302084/current-practices-in-hosting-non-us-pharmacy-students-at-us-pharmacy-schools-in-experiential-clerkships
#18
REVIEW
Sara Al-Dahir, Naser Z Alsharif, Shaun E Gleason, Toyin Tofade, Emily K Flores, Michael Katz, Emily K Dornblaser
Objective: To provide specific considerations for hosting non-U.S. pharmacy students at U.S.-based colleges/schools of pharmacy (C/SOP) for experiential clerkships and training. Findings: A literature review (2000-2016) in PubMed, Google Scholar and IPA databases was conducted using specific keywords. Recommendations and future directions for development of experiential rotations for non-U.S. students in U.S. experiential rotations are presented for both the home and host country. Summary articles and best practices across the disciplines, as well as expert opinion, were found across U...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299005/entrustable-professional-activities-a-primer-for-canadian-pharmacy-preceptors
#19
Kerry Wilbur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286992/preceptorship-in-a-nurse-practitioner-program-the-student-perspective
#20
Karen A McQueen, Karen Poole, Andrea Raynak, Ainsley McQueen
Preceptorship has been identified as an effective strategy for facilitating clinical learning among diverse health care professionals. The benefits of preceptored experiences are well documented; however, the preceptorship model is also vulnerable to challenges. There has been limited evaluation of preceptorship with nurse practitioner (NP) students. This article describes an evaluation of the preceptorship experience from the perspective of NP students. In particular, the facilitators and barriers to clinical learning are described...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
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